keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Sierra Leone

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327468/why-do-people-become-health-workers-analysis-from-life-histories-in-4-post-conflict-and-post-crisis-countries
#1
Sophie Witter, Haja Wurie, Justine Namakula, Wilson Mashange, Yotamu Chirwa, Alvaro Alonso-Garbayo
While there is a growing body of literature on how to attract and retain health workers once they are trained, there is much less published on what motivates people to train as health professions in the first place in low- and middle-income countries and what difference this makes to later retention. In this article, we examine patterns in expressed motivation to join the profession across different cadres, based on 103 life history interviews conducted in northern Uganda, Sierra Leone, Cambodia, and Zimbabwe...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327367/the-free-healthcare-initiative-in-sierra-leone-evaluating-a-health-system-reform-2010-2015
#2
Sophie Witter, Nouria Brikci, Tim Harris, Richard Williams, Sarah Keen, Ana Mujica, Alex Jones, Alex Murray-Zmijewski, Barbara Bale, Bailah Leigh, Ade Renner
This article presents the findings of a theory-based evaluation of the Sierra Leone Free Health Care Initiative (FHCI), using mixed methods. Analytical approaches included time-series analysis of national survey data to examine mortality and morbidity trends, as well as modelling of impact using the Lives Saved Tool and expenditure trend analysis. We find that the FHCI responded to a clear need in Sierra Leone, was well designed to bring about needed changes in the health system to deliver services to the target beneficiaries, and did indeed bring funds and momentum to produce important systemic reforms...
January 12, 2018: International Journal of Health Planning and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325149/anatomy-of-a-hotspot-chain-and-seroepidemiology-of-ebola-virus-transmission-sukudu-sierra-leone-2015-16
#3
J Daniel Kelly, Mohamed Bailor Barrie, Annelies W Mesman, Sahr Karku, Komba Quiwa, Michael Drasher, Gabriel Warren Slough, Kerry Dierberg, Songor Koedoyoma, Christina P Lindan, James Holland Jones, Gabriel Chamie, Lee Worden, Bryan Greenhouse, Sheri D Weiser, Travis C Porco, George W Rutherford, Eugene T Richardson
Studies have yet to include minimally symptomatic Ebola virus (EBOV) infections and unrecognized Ebola virus disease (EVD) in Ebola-related transmission chains and epidemiologic risk estimates. We conducted a cross-sectional, sero-epidemiological survey from October 2015 to January 2016 among 221 individuals living in quarantined households from November 2014 to February 2015 during the Ebola outbreak in the village of Sukudu, Sierra Leone. Of 48 EBOV infected-persons, 25% (95%CI, 14-40%) had minimally symptomatic EBOV infections and 4% (95%CI, 1-14%) were unrecognized EVD cases...
January 9, 2018: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29301888/complete-genome-sequence-of-a-lineage-ii-peste-des-petits-ruminants-virus-from-sierra-leone
#4
William G Dundon, Caroline M Adombi, Saidu Kanu, Angelika Loitsch, Giovanni Cattoli, Adama Diallo
The complete genome sequence of a peste des petits ruminants virus (PPRV) from goat samples collected in Sierra Leone in 2011 is reported here. The genome shows a higher nucleotide sequence identity (98.9%) with a lineage II PPRV from Senegal than to PPRVs from neighboring Liberia and Ivory Coast.
January 4, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29300350/exploring-the-knowledge-and-perception-of-generic-medicines-among-final-year-undergraduate-medical-pharmacy-and-nursing-students-in-sierra-leone-a-comparative-cross-sectional-approach
#5
Peter Bai James, Abdulai Jawo Bah, Emmanuel Kamanda Margao, Christian Hanson, John Alimamy Kabba, Shazia Qasim Jamshed
Most low-income nations have national medicine policy that emphasized the use of generic medicines in the public health sector. However, the use of generics is often debatable as there are concerns over its efficacy, quality, and safety compared to their branded counterparts. This study was conducted to compare the knowledge and perception of generic medicines among final year undergraduate medical, pharmacy, and nursing students in Sierra Leone. We conducted a questionnaire-based cross-sectional study among these students at the College of Medicine and Allied Health Sciences University of Sierra Leone...
January 4, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298314/improving-mapping-for-ebola-response-through-mobilising-a-local-community-with-self-owned-smartphones-tonkolili-district-sierra-leone-january-2015
#6
Laura M Nic Lochlainn, Ivan Gayton, Georgios Theocharopoulos, Robin Edwards, Kostas Danis, Ronald Kremer, Karline Kleijer, Sumaila M Tejan, Mohamed Sankoh, Augustin Jimissa, Jane Greig, Grazia Caleo
BACKGROUND: During the 2014-16 Ebola virus disease (EVD) outbreak, the Magburaka Ebola Management Centre (EMC) operated by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) in Tonkolili District, Sierra Leone, identified that available district maps lacked up-to-date village information to facilitate timely implementation of EVD control strategies. In January 2015, we undertook a survey in chiefdoms within the MSF EMC catchment area to collect mapping and village data. We explore the feasibility and cost to mobilise a local community for this survey, describe validation against existing mapping sources and use of the data to prioritise areas for interventions, and lessons learned...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29259820/national-survey-of-ebola-related-knowledge-attitudes-and-practices-before-the-outbreak-peak-in-sierra-leone-august-2014
#7
Mohamed F Jalloh, Paul Sengeh, Roeland Monasch, Mohammad B Jalloh, Nickolas DeLuca, Meredith Dyson, Sheku Golfa, Yukiko Sakurai, Lansana Conteh, Samuel Sesay, Vance Brown, Wenshu Li, Jonathan Mermin, Rebecca Bunnell
Background: The 2014-2015 Ebola epidemic in West Africa was the largest ever to occur. In the early phases, little was known about public knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) relating to Ebola virus disease (Ebola). Data were needed to develop evidence-driven strategies to address gaps in knowledge and practice. Methods: In August 2014, we conducted interviews with 1413 randomly selected respondents from 9 out of 14 districts in Sierra Leone using multistage cluster sampling...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258519/ethical-challenges-experienced-by-uk-military-medical-personnel-deployed-to-sierra-leone-operation-gritrock-during-the-2014-2015-ebola-outbreak-a-qualitative-study
#8
Heather Draper, Simon Jenkins
BACKGROUND: As part of its response to the 2014 Ebola outbreak in west Africa, the United Kingdom (UK) government established an Ebola treatment unit in Sierra Leone, staffed by military personnel. Little is known about the ethical challenges experienced by military medical staff on humanitarian deployment. We designed a qualitative study to explore this further with those who worked in the treatment unit. METHOD: Semi-structured, face-to-face and telephone interviews were conducted with 20 UK military personnel deployed between October 2014 and April 2015 in one of three roles in the Ebola treatment unit: clinician; nursing and nursing assistant; and other medical support work, including infection control and laboratory and mortuary services...
December 19, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248587/enhanced-case-management-can-be-delivered-for-patients-with-evd-in-africa-experience-from-a-uk-military-ebola-treatment-centre-in-sierra-leone
#9
S J Dickson, K A Clay, M Adam, C Ardley, M S Bailey, D S Burns, A T Cox, D G Craig, M Espina, G Fitchett, J Grindrod, D E Hinsley, S Horne, E Hutley, A M Johnston, R L C Kao, L E Lamb, S Lewis, D Marion, A J Moore, T C Nicholson-Roberts, A Phillips, J Praught, P S Rees, I Schoonbaert, T Trinick, D R Wilson, A J Simpson, D Wang, M K O'Shea, T E Fletcher
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist describing supportive care management, laboratory abnormalities and outcomes in patients with EVD (Ebola virus disease) in West Africa. We report data which constitute the first description of the provision of enhanced EVD case management protocols in a West African setting. METHODS: Demographic, clinical and laboratory data were collected by retrospective review of clinical and laboratory records of patients with confirmed EVD admitted between 5 November 2014 and 30 June 2015...
December 14, 2017: Journal of Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29245517/a-new-species-of-i-palaeugoa-i-durante-2012-from-sierra-leone-lepidoptera-erebidae-arctiinae
#10
Anton V Volynkin
The Asura / Miltochrista generic complex (family Erebidae, subfamily Arctiinae, tribe Lithosiini) is one of the largest and taxonomically most difficult Lithosiini groups widely distributed in Afrotropical, Palaearctic, Oriental, and Indo-Australian regions. In Africa, the generic complex is represented by the genera Tumicla Wallengren, 1863 (= Asuroides Durante, 2008, syn. rev.), Afrasura Durante, 2009, Parafrasura Durante, 2012 and Palaeugoa Durante, 2012. The genus Palaeugoa was erected as monobasic for Xanthetis spurrelli Hampson, 1914 described from Ghana (Durante 2012)...
November 23, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29244105/the-gendered-health-workforce-mixed-methods-analysis-from-four-fragile-and-post-conflict-contexts
#11
Sophie Witter, Justine Namakula, Haja Wurie, Yotamu Chirwa, Sovanarith So, Sreytouch Vong, Bandeth Ros, Stephen Buzuzi, Sally Theobald
It is well known that the health workforce composition is influenced by gender relations. However, little research has been done which examines the experiences of health workers through a gender lens, especially in fragile and post-conflict states. In these contexts, there may not only be opportunities to (re)shape occupational norms and responsibilities in the light of challenges in the health workforce, but also threats that put pressure on resources and undermine gender balance, diversity and gender responsive human resources for health (HRH)...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225952/thirty-year-trends-in-the-prevalence-and-severity-of-female-genital-mutilation-a-comparison-of-22-countries
#12
Alissa Koski, Jody Heymann
Introduction: Female genital mutilation (FGM) harms women's health and well-being and is widely considered a violation of human rights. The United Nations has called for elimination of the practice by 2030. Methods: We used household survey data to measure trends in the prevalence of FGM in 22 countries. We also examined trends in the severity of the practice by measuring changes in the prevalence of flesh removal, infibulation and symbolic 'nicking' of the genitals...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217374/modern-contraceptive-use-unmet-need-and-demand-satisfied-among-women-of-reproductive-age-who-are-married-or-in-a-union-in-the-focus-countries-of-the-family-planning-2020-initiative-a-systematic-analysis-using-the-family-planning-estimation-tool
#13
Niamh Cahill, Emily Sonneveldt, John Stover, Michelle Weinberger, Jessica Williamson, Chuchu Wei, Win Brown, Leontine Alkema
BACKGROUND: The London Summit on Family Planning in 2012 inspired the Family Planning 2020 (FP2020) initiative and the 120×20 goal of having an additional 120 million women and adolescent girls become users of modern contraceptives in 69 of the world's poorest countries by the year 2020. Working towards achieving 120 × 20 is crucial for ultimately achieving the Sustainable Development Goals of universal access and satisfying demand for reproductive health. Thus, a performance assessment is required to determine countries' progress...
December 4, 2017: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216706/-intraarticular-lesions-associated-with-tibial-fixation-during-anterior-cruciate-ligament-reconstruction
#14
A Almazán-Díaz, L Sierra-Suárez, F Cruz-López, F J Pérez-Jiménez, C Ibarra-Ponce de León, I Alba-Sánchez
Anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction is a demanding procedure; complications may arise at any of its stages. This is the report of three cases in which the tibial fixation devices (IntraFix and Bio-IntraFix) led to intraarticular lesions. The complications were detected in one of the cases while the patient was still in the operating room and in the remaining two during the follow-up. All the patients had a stable knee, but all of them sustained chondral lesions resulting from the inadequate placement of the implants used for tibial fixation...
May 2017: Acta Ortopédica Mexicana
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29214222/reasons-to-pursue-a-career-in-medicine-a-qualitative-study-in-sierra-leone
#15
Aniek Woodward, Suzanne Thomas, Mohamed Bella Jalloh, John Rees, Andrew Leather
Background: Many low-income and crises-affected countries like Sierra Leone struggle with the recruitment and retention of their health professionals, particularly nurses and doctors. There are multiple factors that influence the 'recruitment to retention' pipeline. The first stage of an exploration into the issues influencing the availability of qualified health care workers may focus on the aspects which influence their entry into relevant educational programmes. This paper explores the reasons given by junior doctors in Sierra Leone for wanting to become a doctor...
2017: Global Health Research and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210352/congenital-transmission-of-trypanosoma-cruzi-in-argentina-honduras-and-mexico-an-observational-prospective-study
#16
Pierre Buekens, Maria-Luisa Cafferata, Jackeline Alger, Fernando Althabe, Jose M Belizan, Norma Bustamante, Yves Carlier, Alvaro Ciganda, Jaime H DelCid, Eric Dumonteil, Rubi Gamboa-León, Jorge A García, Luz Gibbons, Olga Graiff, Jesus Gurubel Maldonado, Claudia Herrera, Elizabeth Howard, Laura Susana Lara, Benjamín López, Maria Luisa Matute, María Jesús Ramírez-Sierra, María Cecilia Robles, Sergio Sosa-Estani, Carine Truyens, Christian Valladares, Dawn M Wesson, Concepcion Zuniga, For The Congenital Chagas Working Group
Compared with South America, there is a lack of epidemiologic studies about the risk of congenital transmission of Trypanosoma cruzi in Central America and Mexico. It has been suggested that T. cruzi genotypes might differ by region and that congenital transmission might vary according to the parasite's genotype. Our objective was to compare T. cruzi congenital transmission rates in three countries. We performed an observational prospective study in 2011-2014 enrolling women at delivery in one hospital in Argentina, two hospitals in Honduras, and two hospitals in Mexico...
December 4, 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202715/epidemiology-of-influenza-in-west-africa-after-the-2009-influenza-a-h1n1-pandemic-2010-2012
#17
Ndahwouh Talla Nzussouo, Jazmin Duque, Adebayo Abel Adedeji, Daouda Coulibaly, Samba Sow, Zekiba Tarnagda, Issaka Maman, Adamou Lagare, Sonia Makaya, Mohamed Brahim Elkory, Herve Kadjo Adje, Paul Alhassan Shilo, Boubou Tamboura, Assana Cisse, Kossi Badziklou, Halima Boubacar Maïnassara, Ahmed Ould Bara, Adama Mamby Keita, Thelma Williams, Ann Moen, Marc-Alain Widdowson, Meredith McMorrow
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, capacity for influenza surveillance and research in West Africa has strengthened. Data from these surveillance systems showed influenza A(H1N1)pdm09 circulated in West Africa later than in other regions of the continent. METHODS: We contacted 11 West African countries to collect information about their influenza surveillance systems (number of sites, type of surveillance, sampling strategy, populations sampled, case definitions used, number of specimens collected and number of specimens positive for influenza viruses) for the time period January 2010 through December 2012...
December 4, 2017: BMC Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200525/mental-health-care-during-the-ebola-virus-disease-outbreak-in-sierra-leone
#18
Stania Kamara, Anna Walder, Jennifer Duncan, Antoinet Kabbedijk, Peter Hughes, Andrew Muana
Problem: Reported levels of mental health and psychosocial problems rose during the 2014-2015 Ebola virus disease outbreak in Sierra Leone. Approach: As part of the emergency response, existing plans to create mental health units within the existing hospital framework were brought forward. A nurse-led mental health and psychosocial support service, with an inpatient liaison service and an outpatient clinic, was set up at the largest government hospital in the country...
December 1, 2017: Bulletin of the World Health Organization
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199858/what-do-humanitarian-emergency-organizations-do-about-palliative-care-a-systematic-review
#19
Martin Schneider, Sophie Pautex, François Chappuis
BACKGROUND: Humanitarian emergency organizations have only recently integrated care for non-communicable diseases into their relief action. The needs for palliative care in emergencies are still largely unmet. OBJECTIVE: A systematic review of health programmes run by international humanitarian organizations that take palliative care and/or enhanced pain control into account. METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for publications of health programmes providing palliative care and/or enhanced pain control in emergency situations...
December 4, 2017: Medicine, Conflict, and Survival
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29191243/potential-for-broad-scale-transmission-of-ebola-virus-disease-during-the-west-africa-crisis-lessons-for-the-global-health-security-agenda
#20
Eduardo A Undurraga, Cristina Carias, Martin I Meltzer, Emily B Kahn
BACKGROUND: The 2014-2016 Ebola crisis in West Africa had approximately eight times as many reported deaths as the sum of all previous Ebola outbreaks. The outbreak magnitude and occurrence of multiple Ebola cases in at least seven countries beyond Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Guinea, hinted at the possibility of broad-scale transmission of Ebola. MAIN TEXT: Using a modeling tool developed by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention during the Ebola outbreak, we estimated the number of Ebola cases that might have occurred had the disease spread beyond the three countries in West Africa to cities in other countries at high risk for disease transmission (based on late 2014 air travel patterns)...
December 1, 2017: Infectious Diseases of Poverty
keyword
keyword
112897
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"