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Aging and diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231583/prevalence-of-impaired-kidney-function-in-the-german-elderly-results-from-the-berlin-aging-study-ii-base-ii
#1
Maximilian König, Maik Gollasch, Ilja Demuth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen
BACKGROUND: In aging populations with an ever-growing burden of risk factors such as obesity, diabetes, and hypertension, chronic kidney disease (CKD) is on the rise. However, little is known about its exact prevalence among elderly adults, and often albuminuria is not included in the definition of CKD. Moreover, novel equations for the estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) have recently emerged, which have not been applied comprehensively to older adults. Data on CKD awareness among the elderly are sparse...
February 24, 2017: Gerontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231308/diet-diversity-and-nutritional-status-among-adults-in-southwest-china
#2
Qiang Zhang, Xinguang Chen, Zhitao Liu, Deepthi S Varma, Rong Wan, Shiwen Zhao
BACKGROUND: With rapid urbanization in the past decades, diet diversity continues to increase in China. The present cross-sectional study aims to explore the association between dietary diversity and nutritional status among adults in southwest China. METHODS: This study used data from 2011-2012 National Nutritional Survey in Yunnan Province, southwest China (N = 1105).Data of three consecutive 24-hour dietary recalls were used to calculate dietary diversity scores (DDS) and nutrient adequacy ratio (NAR)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231179/how-can-diet-affect-the-accumulation-of-advanced-glycation-end-products-in-the-human-body
#3
REVIEW
Axel Guilbaud, Celine Niquet-Leridon, Eric Boulanger, Frederic J Tessier
The accumulation of advanced glycation end products (AGEs) is associated with the complications of diabetes, kidney disease, metabolic disorders and degenerative diseases. It is recognized that the pool of glycation products found in the human body comes not only from an endogenous formation, but also from a dietary exposure to exogenous AGEs. In recent years, the development of pharmacologically-active ingredients aimed at inhibiting endogenous glycation has not been successful. Since the accumulation of AGEs in the human body appears to be progressive throughout life, an early preventive action against glycation could be effective through dietary adjustments or supplementation with purified micronutrients...
December 6, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28231135/changes-in-food-intake-in-australia-comparing-the-1995-and-2011-national-nutrition-survey-results-disaggregated-into-basic-foods
#4
Bradley Ridoutt, Danielle Baird, Kathryn Bastiaans, Gilly Hendrie, Malcolm Riley, Peerasak Sanguansri, Julie Syrette, Manny Noakes
As nations seek to address obesity and diet-related chronic disease, understanding shifts in food intake over time is an imperative. However, quantifying intake of basic foods is not straightforward because of the diversity of raw and cooked wholefoods, processed foods and mixed dishes actually consumed. In this study, data from the Australian national nutrition surveys of 1995 and 2011, each involving more than 12,000 individuals and covering more than 4500 separate foods, were coherently disaggregated into basic foods, with cooking and processing factors applied where necessary...
May 25, 2016: Foods (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28230017/comparison-of-perioperative-outcomes-between-laparoscopic-and-open-surgery-for-mid-low-rectal-cancer-with-total-mesorectal-excision-following-neoadjuvant-chemoradiotherapy
#5
Weiping Chen, Qiken Li, Pengnian Qiu, Lai Jiang, Zhixuan Fu, Yongtian Fan, Dechuan Li, Peng Liu, Lilong Tang
OBJECTIVE: The objective of our study was to determine the feasibility and safety of laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (TME) for mid-low rectal cancer following neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy (nCRT). METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed the records of 172 patients with locally advanced rectal cancer who underwent laparoscopic (n = 75) or conventional open (n = 97) surgery with TME following nCRT from June 2009 to October 2015. Perioperative outcomes and related clinical variables were collected and statistically analyzed...
December 2016: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229608/usefulness-of-an-intra-gastric-balloon-before-bariatric-surgery
#6
Cristina Vicente, Luis Ramón Rábago, Alejandro Ortega, Marisa Arias, Jaime Vázquez Echarri
INTRODUCTION: There are only few reports regarding the use of intragastric-balloons (IGB®) to achieve weight loss and subsequently decrease surgical complications. In this study, we try to assess whether presurgery weight loss using IGB decreases the postsurgical mortality after bariatric surgery. METHODS: This is a prospective case-control study. We matched 1:1 by gender, age (± 10 y-o) and type of surgery (sleeve resection [LSG] or gastric bypass [LGBP]), matching cases (A) and controls (H, from a historic cohort)...
23, 2017: Revista Española de Enfermedades Digestivas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229553/chronotype-differences-in-timing-of-energy-and-macronutrient-intakes-a-population-based-study-in-adults
#7
Mirkka Maukonen, Noora Kanerva, Timo Partonen, Erkki Kronholm, Heli Tapanainen, Jukka Kontto, Satu Männistö
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between chronotype and timing of energy and macronutrient intakes in adults. METHODS: The study sample included 1,854 participants from the National FINRISK 2007 and FINDIET 2007 studies, aged 25 to 74 years. Diet was assessed with 48-hour dietary recalls. Chronotype was assessed with a shortened version of Horne and Östberg's Morningness-eveningness Questionnaire. Associations between chronotype and intakes of energy and macronutrients in the morning (by 10 am) and in the evening (after 8 pm) were analyzed with linear regression and ANOVA followed by Bonferroni post hoc test...
March 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229464/modified-atkins-diet-is-an-effective-treatment-for-children-with-doose-syndrome
#8
Adelheid Wiemer-Kruel, Edda Haberlandt, Hans Hartmann, Gabriele Wohlrab, Thomas Bast
OBJECTIVE: Children with myoclonic astatic epilepsy (MAE; Doose syndrome) whose seizures do not respond immediately to standard antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) are at high risk of developing an epileptic encephalopathy with cognitive decline. A classic ketogenic diet (KD) is a highly effective alternative to AEDs. To date, there are only limited data on the effectiveness of the modified Atkins diet (MAD), which is less restrictive and more compatible with daily life. We report findings from a retrospective study on 30 MAE patients treated with MAD...
February 23, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229279/immune-dysfunction-and-increased-oxidative-stress-state-in-diet-induced-obese-mice-are-reverted-by-nutritional-supplementation-with-monounsaturated-and-n-3-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids
#9
Caroline Hunsche, Oskarina Hernandez, Alina Gheorghe, Ligia Esperanza Díaz, Ascensión Marcos, Mónica De la Fuente
PURPOSE: Obesity is associated with impaired immune defences and chronic low levels of inflammation and oxidation. In addition, this condition may lead to premature aging. The aim of the study was to evaluate the effects of a nutritional supplementation with monounsaturated and n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids on several functions and oxidative stress parameters in peritoneal immune cells of obese mice, as well as on the life span of these animals. METHODS: Obesity was induced in adult female ICR/CD1 by the administration of a high-fat diet (HFD) for 14 weeks...
February 23, 2017: European Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228848/brazilian-dietary-patterns-and-the-dietary-approaches-to-stop-hypertension-dash-diet-relationship-with-metabolic-syndrome-and-newly-diagnosed-diabetes-in-the-elsa-brasil-study
#10
Michele Drehmer, Andrew O Odegaard, Maria Inês Schmidt, Bruce B Duncan, Letícia de Oliveira Cardoso, Sheila M Alvim Matos, Maria Del Carmen B Molina, Sandhi M Barreto, Mark A Pereira
BACKGROUND: Studies evaluating dietary patterns, including the DASH diet, and their relationship with the metabolic syndrome and diabetes may help to understand the role of dairy products (low fat or full fat) in these conditions. Our aim is to identify dietary patterns in Brazilian adults and compare them with the (DASH) diet quality score in terms of their associations with metabolic syndrome and newly diagnosed diabetes in the Brazilian Longitudinal Study of Adult Health-the ELSA-Brasil study...
2017: Diabetology & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228781/denosumab-is-really-effective-in-the-treatment-of-osteoporosis-secondary-to-hypogonadism-in-prostate-carcinoma-patients-a-prospective-randomized-multicenter-international-study
#11
Carlo Doria, Paolo Tranquilli Leali, Federico Solla, Gianluca Maestretti, Massimo Balsano, Robero Mario Scarpa
INTRODUCTION: Osteoporosis is a complication of androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in men with prostate carcinoma. The best defense against osteoporosis in prostate cancer is to identify patients with a high risk for fracture during the first clinical visit, select an effective anti-osteoporosis agent, and advise the patient to change his lifestyle and diet to prevent further bone loss. New agents include denosumab, a human monoclonal antibody that inhibits the RANK ligand (RANKL). RANKL promotes the formation, activity, and survival of osteoclasts and, thus, supports the breakdown of bone...
September 2016: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228656/incidence-and-long-term-outcome-of-severe-asthma-copd-overlap-compared-to-asthma-and-copd-alone-a-35-year-prospective-study-of-57-053-middle-aged-adults
#12
Camilla Boslev Baarnes, Zorana Jovanovic Andersen, Anne Tjønneland, Charlotte Suppli Ulrik
BACKGROUND: Incidence and prognosis for severe asthma-COPD overlap is poorly characterized. We investigated incidence and long-term outcome for patients with asthma-COPD overlap compared to asthma and COPD alone. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 57,053 adults (aged 50-64 years) enrolled in the Danish Diet, Cancer, and Health cohort (1993-1997) were followed in the National Patients Registry for admissions for asthma (DJ45-46) and COPD (DJ40-44) and vital status...
2017: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228631/relationship-between-health-promotion-volunteer-experience-and-medical-costs-hoken-hodouin-activities-in-suzaka-nagano
#13
Haruhiko Imamura, Yoshitaka Murakami, Tomonori Okamura, Yuji Nishiwaki
Objectives This study demonstrated the relationship between experience as a health promotion volunteer (Hoken-hodouin) and medical costs in Japan. The study area was Suzaka City (March 2016 population: 51,637) in Nagano Prefecture, Japan, where a total of about 300 women have been engaged and trained as health promotion volunteers since 1958.Methods A cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2014 using a self-administered questionnaire, which included items on experiences as a health promotion volunteer, age at engagement, leadership status, and satisfaction with the experience...
2017: [Nihon Kōshū Eisei Zasshi] Japanese Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228505/postdiagnostic-mediterranean-and-healthy-nordic-dietary-patterns-are-inversely-associated-with-all-cause-mortality-in-long-term-colorectal-cancer-survivors
#14
Ilka Ratjen, Clemens Schafmayer, Romina di Giuseppe, Sabina Waniek, Sandra Plachta-Danielzik, Manja Koch, Ute Nöthlings, Jochen Hampe, Sabrina Schlesinger, Wolfgang Lieb
Background: Dietary factors are known to affect the risk of new-onset colorectal cancer (CRC), but information on the extent to which postdiagnostic diet affects mortality in long-term CRC survivors is scarce.Objective: We investigated the association of 2 a priori-defined postdiagnostic dietary patterns [Modified Mediterranean Diet Score (MMDS) and healthy Nordic Food Index (HNFI)] with all-cause mortality in long-term CRC survivors.Methods: Diet was assessed at a median time of 6 y after cancer diagnosis in 1404 CRC survivors (median age: 69 y; 56% men) in a prospective cohort study in Northern Germany by using a semiquantitative food-frequency questionnaire...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28228115/weight-loss-and-exercise-for-communities-with-arthritis-in-north-carolina-we-can-design-and-rationale-of-a-pragmatic-assessor-blinded-randomized-controlled-trial
#15
Stephen P Messier, Leigh F Callahan, Daniel P Beavers, Kate Queen, Shannon L Mihalko, Gary D Miller, Elena Losina, Jeffrey N Katz, Richard F Loeser, Sara A Quandt, Paul DeVita, David J Hunter, Mary F Lyles, Jovita Newman, Betsy Hackney, Joanne M Jordan
BACKGROUND: Recently, we determined that in a rigorously monitored environment an intensive diet-induced weight loss of 10% combined with exercise was significantly more effective at reducing pain in men and women with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (OA) than either intervention alone. Compared to previous long-term weight loss and exercise trials of knee OA, our intensive diet-induced weight loss and exercise intervention was twice as effective at reducing pain intensity. Whether these results can be generalized to less intensively monitored cohorts is unknown...
February 22, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28226219/dietary-inflammatory-index-and-odds-of-colorectal-cancer-in-a-case-control-study-from-jordan
#16
Nitin Shivappa, James R Hébert, Susan E Steck, Lorne J Hofseth, Ihab Shehadah, Kamal E Bani-Hani, Tareq Al-Jaberi, Majed Al-Nusairr, Dennis Heath, Reema Tayyem
BACKGROUND: Dietary components that promote inflammation of the colon have been suggested to be risk factors in the development of colorectal cancer (CRC). The possible link between inflammatory potential of diet and CRC has been investigated in several developed or Western countries. Despite the fact that dietary choices in the Middle East differ markedly from those in the West, results have not been reported from any study conducted in a Middle-Eastern population. We examined the association between dietary inflammatory index (DII)TM scores and CRC in a case-control study conducted in Jordan...
February 22, 2017: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28225647/early-experience-with-single-incision-laparoscopic-total-abdominal-colectomy-in-children
#17
Cristen N Litz, Paul D Danielson, Nicole M Chandler
PURPOSE: Single-incision laparoscopic surgery for pediatric colorectal disease has been shown to be feasible and safe; however, the literature is scarce regarding the outcomes of single-incision laparoscopic total abdominal colectomy (SIL-TAC) in the pediatric population. The purpose of this pilot study was to review our initial experience and outcomes with SIL-TAC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective review of patients who underwent SIL-TAC from 2013 to 2015 was performed...
February 22, 2017: Journal of Laparoendoscopic & Advanced Surgical Techniques. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224926/a-30-month-worksite-based-lifestyle-program-to-promote-cardiovascular-health-in-middle-aged-bank-employees-design-of-the-tansnip-pesa-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Jennifer K Coffeng, Hidde P van der Ploeg, José M Castellano, Juan M Fernández-Alvira, Borja Ibáñez, Inés García-Lunar, Allard J van der Beek, Antonio Fernández-Ortiz, Agustín Mocoroa, Laura García-Leal, Evelyn Cárdenas, Carolina Rojas, María I Martínez-Castro, Silvia Santiago-Sacristán, Miriam Fernández-Gallardo, José M Mendiguren, Sameer Bansilal, Willem van Mechelen, Valentín Fuster
BACKGROUND: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death worldwide. With atherosclerosis as the underlying cause for many CVD events, prevention or reduction of subclinical atherosclerotic plaque burden (SAPB) through a healthier lifestyle may have substantial public health benefits. OBJECTIVE: The objective was to describe the protocol of a randomized controlled trial investigating the effectiveness of a 30-month worksite-based lifestyle program aimed to promote cardiovascular health in participants having a high or a low degree of SAPB compared with standard care...
February 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223429/cancer-mortality-in-hispanic-ethnic-groups
#19
Paulo S Pinheiro, Karen E Callahan, Rebecca L Siegel, Hongbin Jin, Cyllene R Morris, Edward J Trapido, Scarlett Lin Gomez
Background: Cancer is the leading cause of death among Hispanics. The burden of cancer mortality within Hispanic groups has not been well quantified.Methods: Cancer mortality rates for 2008-2012 in Florida were computed on the basis of race, ethnicity, and birthplace, specifically focusing on major Hispanic groups-Mexicans, Puerto Ricans, Cubans, Central Americans, South Americans, and Dominicans. Age-adjusted mortality rate ratios derived from negative binomial regression were used to compare Hispanics, aggregated and by group, to nonHispanic whites (NHW)...
February 21, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222838/prevalence-of-food-impaction-induced-periodontitis-in-conventionally-housed-marsh-rice-rats-oryzomys-palustris
#20
Jonathan G Messer, Jessica M Jiron, Hung-Yuan Chen, Evelyn J Castillo, Jorge L Mendieta Calle, Mary K Reinhard, Donald B Kimmel, J Ignacio Aguirre
Marsh rice rats (Oryzomys palustris) fed a pelleted diet high in sucrose and casein have been used as a model for moderate to severe periodontitis. Here we characterize the prevalence, location, and histopathologic features of food-impaction lesions (FIL), a unique type of oral event, in rice rats fed standard pelleted rodent chow from weaning until 34 wk of age. Healthy female rats (n = 90; age, 4 wk) were weaned into groups (n = 10 to 24) and were euthanized at 4, 16, 22, 28, or 34 wk of age. At necropsy, high-resolution photographs of the 4 jaw quadrants were examined by 3 independent observers to determine the presence, number, and location of FIL...
February 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
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