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Aging and diet

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458053/circulating-bile-acids-in-healthy-adults-respond-differently-to-a-dietary-pattern-characterized-by-whole-grains-legumes-and-fruits-and-vegetables-compared-to-a-diet-high-in-refined-grains-and-added-sugars-a-randomized-controlled-crossover-feeding-study
#1
Bigina N R Ginos, Sandi L Navarro, Yvonne Schwarz, Haiwei Gu, Dongfang Wang, Timothy W Randolph, Ali Shojaie, Meredith A J Hullar, Paul D Lampe, Mario Kratz, Marian L Neuhouser, Daniel Raftery, Johanna W Lampe
OBJECTIVE: The effects of diets high in refined grains on biliary and colonic bile acids have been investigated extensively. However, the effects of diets high in whole versus refined grains on circulating bile acids, which can influence glucose homeostasis and inflammation through activation of farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and G protein-coupled bile acid receptor 1 (TGR5), have not been studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a secondary analysis from a randomized controlled crossover feeding trial (NCT00622661) in 80 healthy adults (40 women/40 men, age 18-45 years) from the greater Seattle Area, half of which were normal weight (BMI 18...
February 16, 2018: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457512/perceived-diet-and-exercise-behaviors-among-social-network-members-with-personal-lifestyle-habits-of-public-housing-residents
#2
Kimberly A Gudzune, Jennifer Peyton, Craig Evan Pollack, J Hunter Young, David M Levine, Carl A Latkin, Jeanne M Clark
Our objective was to characterize the relationship between public housing residents' diet/exercise habits with similar behaviors among their social network. We conducted a cross-sectional survey of randomly selected households in Baltimore, Maryland, from August 2014 to August 2015. Adult heads of household completed questions on diet, exercise, and perceived habits among network members. Our dependent variables were high added sugar intake (≥39.9 teaspoons/day), high fruit/vegetable intake (≥6.1 servings/day), and being physically active (≥moderately activity)...
February 1, 2018: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457204/prevention-and-management-of-childhood-obesity
#3
Aashima Dabas, Anju Seth
Childhood obesity has been recognized as a global pandemic. Preventive strategies have proven to be the most effective public health intervention in curbing this pandemic. A multi-component approach involving dietary modification and advocacy for a healthy lifestyle comprising of regular physical activity, minimizing screen time and behavioral interventions have been found beneficial in preventing obesity. A life-cycle approach has been recommended where preventive interventions go as far back as affecting maternal, fetal and early childhood nutrition and lifestyle...
February 19, 2018: Indian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456978/a-case-of-tyrosinemia-type-iii-with-status-epilepticus-and-mental-retardation
#4
Reza Najafi, Neda Mostofizadeh, Mahin Hashemipour
Tyrosinemia type III is an autosomal recessive disorder caused by the deficiency of 4- hydroxyphenylpyruvate dioxygenase (4-HPPD). It is characterized by elevated levels of blood tyrosine and massive excretion of its derivatives into the urine. Clinical findings of tyrosinemia type III include neurological symptoms and mental retardation. Only a few patients presenting with this disease have been described, and the clinical phenotype remains variable and unclear. We present a case, who was admitted to the hospital at the age of 4 months for recurrent seizures...
2018: Advanced Biomedical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456933/pediatricians-lack-knowledge-for-the-diagnosis-and-management-of-functional-constipation-in-children-over-6-mo-of-age
#5
Ariani Widodo, Badriul Hegar, Yvan Vandenplas
AIM: To assess the knowledge of general pediatricians througout Indonesia about the diagnosis and treatment of childhood constipation. METHODS: A comprehensive questionnaire was distributed to general pediatricians from several teaching hospitals and government hospitals all over Indonesia. RESULTS: Data were obtained from 100 pediatricians, with a mean of 78.34 ± 18.00 mo clinical practice, from 20 cities throughout Indonesia. Suspicion of constipation in a child over 6 mo of age arises when the child presents with a decreased frequency of bowel movements (according to 87% of participants) with a mean of one bowel movement per 3...
February 8, 2018: World Journal of Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456587/dietary-diversity-and-associated-factors-among-children-of-orthodox-christian-mothers-caregivers-during-the-fasting-season-in-dejen-district-north-west-ethiopia
#6
Gemechu Kumera, Endalkachew Tsedal, Mulatu Ayana
Background: Proper feeding practices during early childhood is fundamental for optimal child growth and development. However, scientific evidences on the determinants of dietary diversity are scanty. Particularly, the impact of fasting on children`s dietary diversity is not explored in Ethiopia. The aim of this study was to assess dietary diversity and associated factors among children aged 6-23 months, whose mothers/care-givers were Orthodox Christians during the fasting season (Lent), in Dejen District, North West Ethiopia, 2016...
2018: Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456422/understanding-the-meaning-of-food-in-people-with-type-2-diabetes-living-in-northern-appalachia
#7
Elizabeth A Beverly, Marilyn D Ritholz, Linda A Wray, Ching-Ju Chiu, Emmy Suhl
Purpose: Food and eating convey memories and feelings and serve important functions in creating and maintaining relationships. Given the increasing rate of diabetes in the United States, research understanding the meaning of food may shed light on how patients negotiate everyday food choices while managing type 2 diabetes. The purpose of this qualitative study was to explore the meaning of food among adults with type 2 diabetes living in Northern Appalachia. Methods: In-depth, face-to-face interviews were conducted with type 2 diabetes patients...
February 2018: Diabetes Spectrum: a Publication of the American Diabetes Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456025/effectiveness-of-user-and-expert-driven-web-based-hypertension-programs-an-rct
#8
Sam Liu, Dina Brooks, Scott G Thomas, Gunther Eysenbach, Robert P Nolan
INTRODUCTION: The effectiveness of self-guided Internet-based lifestyle counseling (e-counseling) varies, depending on treatment protocol. Two dominant procedures in e-counseling are expert- and user-driven. The influence of these procedures on hypertension management remains unclear. The objective was to assess whether blood pressure improved with expert-driven or user-driven e-counseling over control intervention in patients with hypertension over a 4-month period. STUDY DESIGN: This study used a three-parallel group, double-blind randomized controlled design...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455533/effect-of-dietary-protein-level-on-the-expression-of-proteins-in-the-gastrointestinal-tract-of-young-pigs
#9
Xianyong Ma, Xianyong Ma, Zhimei Tian, Dun Deng, Yiyan Cui, Yueqin Qiu
The objective of this research is to investigate the effect of protein level on proteins expression in the gastrointestinal tract of young pigs. Eighteen piglets (Duroc×Landrace×Yorkshire) were weaned at 28 days of age and randomly assigned to 3 diets with 20%, 17%, and 14% CP level and four essential AA: Lys, Met, Thr and Trp in three diets meet the requirements of weaned piglets. The experimental period lasts 45d. RESULTS: Compared with the control (20% CP level), the average daily feed intake, the average daily gain and gain feed ratio of the 17% CP group did not decrease (P > 0...
February 17, 2018: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29455158/american-heart-association-s-life-s-simple-7-at-middle-age-and-prognosis-after-myocardial-infarction-in-later-life
#10
Yejin Mok, Yingying Sang, Shoshana H Ballew, Casey M Rebholz, Wayne D Rosamond, Gerardo Heiss, Aaron R Folsom, Josef Coresh, Kunihiro Matsushita
BACKGROUND: The American Heart Association recommends focusing on 7 health factors (Life's Simple 7) for primordial prevention of cardiovascular health. However, whether greater adherence to Life's Simple 7 in midlife improves prognosis after myocardial infarction (MI) in later life is unknown. METHODS AND RESULTS: In 1277 participants who developed MI during the ARIC (Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities) Study follow-up, a 14-point score of Life's Simple 7 was constructed according to the status (2 points for ideal, 1 point for intermediate, and 0 points for poor) of each of 7 factors (smoking, adiposity, physical activity, diet, total cholesterol, blood pressure, and fasting glucose) at baseline (1987-1989)...
February 17, 2018: Journal of the American Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454226/dysphagia-and-laryngeal-pathology-in-post-surgical-cardiothoracic-patients
#11
Anna Miles, Naomi McLellan, Rochelle Machan, David Vokes, Alexandra Hunting, Mary McFarlane, Jennifer Holmes, Kelly Lynn
PURPOSE: Cardiothoracic surgery is known to result in dysphagia and laryngeal injury. While prevalence has been explored, extent, trajectory and longevity of symptoms are poorly understood. This retrospective, observational study explored dysphagia and laryngeal injury in patients following cardiothoracic surgery referred for instrumental swallowing assessment. METHODS: Clinical notes and endoscopic recordings of 106 patients (age range 18-87yrs; mean 63yrs; SD 15yrs) (including 190 endoscopes) at one large tertiary centre were reviewed by two speech-language pathologists and a laryngologist...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454140/weight-management-in-rural-health-clinics-the-midwest-diet-and-exercise-trial
#12
Anna M Gorczyca, Richard A Washburn, Lauren Ptomey, Matthew S Mayo, Debra K Sullivan, Cheryl A Gibson, Robert Lee, Sarah Stolte, Joseph E Donnelly
Obesity prevalence is higher in rural compared to urban residents. Rural health clinics offer a potential venue for delivery of weight management. However, traditional programs require travel to attend on-site meetings which is impractical or inconvenient for rural residents. Clinic staff in most rural settings are unlikely to be trained to provide effective weight management. Remote delivery using group phone conferences (GP) or individual phone calls (IP), by staff associated with rural clinics eliminates the need for travel to attend on-site meetings...
February 14, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454077/a-prospective-investigation-of-neighborhood-socioeconomic-deprivation-and-physical-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-older-adults
#13
Qian Xiao, Sarah K Keadle, David Berrigan, Charles E Matthews
Neighborhood conditions may have an important impact on physical activity and sedentary behaviors in the older population. Most previous studies in this area are cross-sectional and report mixed findings regarding the effects of neighborhood environment on different types of physical activity. Moreover, little is known about the prospective relationship between neighborhood environment and sedentary behaviors. Our analysis included 136,526 participants from the NIH-AARP Diet and Health Study (age 51-70). Neighborhood socioeconomic deprivation was measured with an index based on census variables and developed using principal component analysis...
February 14, 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452975/associations-between-food-security-status-and-dietary-inflammatory-potential-within-lower-income-adults-from-the-united-states-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-cycles-2007-to-2014
#14
Rachel S Bergmans, Mari Palta, Stephanie A Robert, Lawrence M Berger, Deborah B Ehrenthal, Kristen M Malecki
BACKGROUND: Evidence suggests both that chronic inflammation mediates the association of food insecurity with adverse health outcomes and that diet may be a significant source of inflammation among food insecure individuals. OBJECTIVE: To examine whether food security status is associated with dietary inflammatory potential. DESIGN AND PARTICIPANTS: Cross-sectional data came from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES), cycles 2007 to 2014 (n=10,630)...
February 13, 2018: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452584/high-phosphorus-intake-and-gut-related-parameters-results-of-a-randomized-placebo-controlled-human-intervention-study
#15
Ulrike Trautvetter, Amélia Camarinha-Silva, Gerhard Jahreis, Stefan Lorkowski, Michael Glei
BACKGROUND: In recent years, high phosphate intakes were discussed critically. In the small intestine, a part of the ingested phosphate and calcium precipitates to amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP), which in turn can precipitate other intestinal substances, thus leading to a beneficial modulation of the intestinal environment. Therefore, we analysed faecal samples obtained from a human intervention study regarding gut-related parameters. METHODS: Sixty-two healthy subjects (men, n = 30; women, n = 32) completed the double-blind, placebo-controlled and parallel designed study (mean age: 29 ± 7 years; mean BMI: 24 ± 3 kg/m 2 )...
February 16, 2018: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452404/vitamin-e-and-vitamin-c-supplementation-improves-antioxidant-status-and-immune-function-in-oxidative-stressed-breeder-roosters-by-up-regulating-expression-of-gsh-px-gene
#16
Y N Min, Z Y Niu, T T Sun, Z P Wang, P X Jiao, B B Zi, P P Chen, D L Tian, F Z Liu
This study aimed to evaluate the effects of vitamin C and vitamin E on antioxidant capacity and immune function in oxidative-stressed breeder roosters. One hundred twenty 45-week-old Lveyang black-boned breeder roosters were randomly assigned to 5 dietary treatments, including negative control group (NC), positive control group (PC), and 3 trial groups, which were fed the diets containing 300 mg/kg VC, 200 mg/kg VE, or 300 mg/kg VC and 200 mg/kg VE (VC+VE). At 47 wk of age, the positive control and trial groups were subcutaneously injected 3 times every other d with dexamethasone (DEX) 4 mg/kg of body weight, the negative control group was injected with saline...
February 14, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452375/1%C3%AE-hydroxycholecalciferol-improves-the-growth-performance-and-up-regulates-the-mrna-expression-of-vitamin-d-receptor-in-the-small-intestine-and-kidney-of-broiler-chickens
#17
J C Han, J G Wang, G H Chen, J L Zhang, N Zhang, H X Qu, Y Guo, Y F Yan, X J Yang
1α-Hydroxycholecalciferol (1α-OH-D3) is a vitamin D derivative. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of 1α-OH-D3 on the growth and the mRNA expression of vitamin D receptor (VDR) in the small intestine and kidney of chickens. A total of 240 males of one-day-old Ross 308 broilers was randomly assigned to 4 treatments with 5 replicates of 12 birds per replicate. Three levels of 1α-OH-D3 (1.25, 2.5, and 5 μg/kg) were added to a basal diet containing 0.50% calcium (Ca), 0.25% non-phytate phosphorus (NPP), and without supplemental cholecalciferol (vitamin D3)...
February 14, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451849/a-comprehensive-review-of-eggs-choline-and-lutein-on-cognition-across-the-life-span
#18
Taylor C Wallace
In 2030, one in five Americans will be older than 65 years, and with that an increase in the number of individuals who experience loss in cognitive capacity is to be expected. At the same time, nutrition within the first 1000 days postconception has been suggested to strongly influence cognitive outcomes across the life-span in humans. Eggs are a primary source of both choline and the xanthophyll carotenoid lutein in the western diet, and both have been suggested to influence cognitive function in humans. This comprehensive review critically examines the effects of eggs, choline, and lutein on cognition across the life-span...
February 16, 2018: Journal of the American College of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451419/physical-exercise-nutrition-and-hormones-three-pillars-to-fight-sarcopenia
#19
Paolo Sgrò, Massimiliano Sansone, Andrea Sansone, Stefania Sabatini, Paolo Borrione, Francesco Romanelli, Luigi Di Luigi
BACKGROUND: Sarcopenia is a pathophysiological condition diffused in elderly people; it represents a social issue due to the longer life expectancy and the growing aging population. It affects negatively quality of life and it represents a risk factor for other pathologies, such as diabetes, cardiovascular disease, and obesity. No silver bullet exists to hinder sarcopenia, but it may be counteracted by physical exercise, nutrition, and a proper endocrine milieu. Indeed, we aim to analyze the scientific literature to give to clinician effective advices to counteract sarcopenia...
February 16, 2018: Aging Male: the Official Journal of the International Society for the Study of the Aging Male
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450923/organic-zinc-and-copper-supplementation-on-antioxidant-protective-mechanism-and-their-correlation-with-sperm-functional-characteristics-in-goats
#20
M Narasimhaiah, A Arunachalam, S Sellappan, V K Mayasula, P R Guvvala, S K Ghosh, V Chandra, J Ghosh, H Kumar
Trace minerals feeding had significant effects on sperm production and fertility with better absorption and proper utilization within the body for optimum reproductive function. Several studies have shown that more influenced trace elements in the diets of animals are copper (Cu) and zinc (Zn). Bucks showing deficiency of this mineral might affect the quality of semen production which in turn would affect the fertility. This experiment was thus designed to test the effects of organic Cu and Zn supplementation on antioxidants enzyme activities and sperm functional attributes in fresh semen of bucks...
February 15, 2018: Reproduction in Domestic Animals, Zuchthygiene
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