keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Aging and diet

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232566/association-of-total-zinc-iron-copper-and-selenium-intakes-with-depression-in-the-us-adults
#1
Zongyao Li, Weijing Wang, Xueling Xin, Xingxing Song, Dongfeng Zhang
BACKGROUND: The aim of present study was to examine the associations of total zinc, iron, copper and selenium intakes from diet and supplements with depression. METHODS: Cross-sectional study used data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2014 in the present study. Logistic regression models and restricted cubic spline models were applied to examine the associations of total zinc, iron, copper and selenium intakes with depression...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29231608/-influence-of-electroacupuncture-pretreatment-on-intestinal-function-in-the-patients-of-colorectal-cancer-surgery
#2
Sicong Mai, Jinhai Meng, Wenjuan Wang, Shuhui Lang
OBJECTIVE: To observe the effects of electroacupuncture (EA) pretreatment on the intestinal function, inflammatory reaction and blood lactic acid in the patients of colorectal cancer surgery. METHODS: Sixty patients of colorectal cancer laparotomy at selective period, aged from 18 to 59 years old were selected. According toⅠ-Ⅲ grade of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA), the patients were randomized into group A (total intravenous anesthesia), group B[total intravenous anesthesia combined with EA pretreatment at Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37) and Xiajuxu (ST 39) on the right side] and group C[total intravenous anesthesia combined with EA pretreatment at Zhongwan (CV 12), Tianshu (ST 25), Zusanli (ST 36), Shangjuxu (ST 37) and Xiajuxu (ST 39) on the right side], 20 cases in each one...
May 12, 2017: Zhongguo Zhen Jiu, Chinese Acupuncture & Moxibustion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230944/improved-insulin-sensitivity-appears-to-remain-for-a-mean-of-four-years-following-islet-cell-transplant-for-type-1-diabetes
#3
Brett Rydzon, Rebecca S Monson, Jose Oberholzer, Krista A Varady, Melena D Bellin, Kirstie K Danielson
BACKGROUND: Impaired insulin sensitivity (IS) predicts complications and mortality in type 1 diabetes (T1D). IS improves shortly after islet cell transplant for type 1 diabetes, yet long-term changes in IS, and associated factors such as patient characteristics, transplant factors, clinical management, and IS-related biomarkers are unknown. METHODS: Up to nine years (mean four) of longitudinal data were available on 22 adults (18 female) with T1D who received 1-3 transplants in Phase 1/2 or 3 clinical trials (2004-2014)...
December 12, 2017: Diabetes/metabolism Research and Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230931/temporal-changes-in-glycaemic-thresholds-for-treatment-intensification-in-type-2-diabetes-in-an-urban-australian-setting-the-fremantle-diabetes-study
#4
Timothy M E Davis, Stephen A P Chubb, Bradley H Curtis, Helen Barraclough, Wendy A Davis
BACKGROUND: Pharmacotherapy and supportive care for diabetes in Australia are improving, with potential beneficial effects on therapeutic procrastination. AIMS: To determine whether glycaemic thresholds for therapeutic intensification in type 2 diabetes changed over the 15 years between Phases of the community-based Fremantle Diabetes Study (FDS). METHODS: We studied 531 Phase 1 participants (mean age 62.4 years, 54.2% males, median diabetes duration 3...
December 12, 2017: Internal Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29230540/preventing-future-fractures-effectiveness-of-an-orthogeriatric-fracture-liaison-service-compared-to-an-outpatient-fracture-liaison-service-and-the-standard-management-in-patients-with-hip-fracture
#5
Antonio Naranjo, Sonia Fernández-Conde, Soledad Ojeda, Laura Torres-Hernández, Carolina Hernández-Carballo, Idoia Bernardos, Sinforiano Rodríguez, Pedro Laynez
An observational study was carried out in two hospitals in patients > 65 years admitted for hip fracture. At 6 months, 15% of patients in the hospital with orthogeriatric standard care and 75% in the hospital with fracture liaison service were receiving bisphosphonates. PURPOSE: Many patients with fractures are discharged without preventive therapy against further fractures. We sought to compare the effectiveness of an orthogeriatric fracture liaison service (FLS), outpatient FLS, and the standard care after hip fractures in prevention of future fractures...
December 11, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229410/pre-weaning-maternal-separation-increases-eating-later-in-life-in-male-and-female-offspring-but-increases-brainstem-dopamine-receptor-1a-and-2a-only-in-males
#6
Julliet Araújo de Souza, Matilde Cesiana da Silva, Rhowena Jane Barbosa de Matos, Larissa Cavalcanti do Amaral Almeida, Luana Cruz Beltrão, Felipe Leitão de Souza, Raul Manhães de Castro, Sandra Lopes de Souza
Maternal separation stress (MS) is a model of early life stress performed by the separation between dam and pups in the first days of life. This model has been associated with eating behavior and dopaminergic system abnormal phenotypes. This study aims to investigate whether maternal separation in the light or dark phase of the circadian cycle promotes phenotypic adjustments in the eating behavior and the dopamine system in both males and females. Lactating Wistar rats were separated from their litters from postnatal day 1 (PND 1) to PND 14 for 6 h in the light or dark phase of the circadian cycle...
December 8, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229363/comparison-of-the-effects-of-flaxseed-oil-and-sunflower-seed-oil-consumption-on-serum-glucose-lipid-profile-blood-pressure-and-lipid-peroxidation-in-patients-with-metabolic-syndrome
#7
Atefeh Akrami, Farzad Nikaein, Siavash Babajafari, Shiva Faghih, Hassan Yarmohammadi
BACKGROUND: Metabolic syndrome (MetSyn) increases the risk of type II diabetes and morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular diseases. Flaxseed oil (FO), as a functional food, is one of the major vegetal sources of essential omega-3 fatty acids. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to compare the effects of consumption of FO and sunflower seed oil (SO) on lipid peroxidation and other symptoms of MetSyn. METHODS: This randomized controlled interventional trial was conducted on 60 volunteers aged 30 to 60 years who were diagnosed with MetSyn in Shiraz, Iran...
November 20, 2017: Journal of Clinical Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229294/impact-of-dha-intake-in-a-mouse-model-of-synucleinopathy
#8
Katherine Coulombe, Olivier Kerdiles, Cyntia Tremblay, Vincent Emond, Manon Lebel, Anne-Sophie Boulianne, Mélanie Plourde, Francesca Cicchetti, Frédéric Calon
Polyunsaturated fatty acids omega-3 (n-3 PUFA), such as docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), have been shown to prevent, and partially reverse, neurotoxin-induced nigrostriatal denervation in animal models of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, the accumulation of α-synuclein (αSyn) in cerebral tissues is equally important to the pathophysiology. To determine whether DHA intake improves various aspects related to synucleinopathy, ninety male mice overexpressing human αSyn under the Thy-1 promoter (Thy1-αSyn) were fed one of three diets (specially formulated control, low n-3 PUFA or high DHA) and compared to non-transgenic C57/BL6 littermate mice exposed to a control diet...
December 8, 2017: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229199/microbiota-and-aging-a-review-and-commentary
#9
REVIEW
Carmen García-Peña, Teresa Álvarez-Cisneros, Ricardo Quiroz-Baez, Robert P Friedland
Although there is a consensus that the dominant species that make up the adult microbiota remains unchanged in elderly people, it has been reported that there are significant alterations in the proportion and composition of the different taxa, leading to reduced microbiota diversity, as well as an increase of enteropathogens that may lead to chronic inflammation. The ageing of mucosal immune and motor systems also contributes to these changes. As the individual ages, there is a loss in the number of Peyer's patches, an altered local capacity of T and B cell functions as well as chronic macrophage activation...
December 8, 2017: Archives of Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228908/self-reported-dietary-adherence-disease-specific-symptoms-and-quality-of-life-are-associated-with-healthcare-provider-follow-up-in-celiac-disease
#10
Jacob J Hughey, Bonnie K Ray, Anne R Lee, Kristin N Voorhees, Ciaran P Kelly, Detlef Schuppan
BACKGROUND: The only treatment for celiac disease (CeD) is a lifelong gluten-free diet (GFD). The restrictive nature of the GFD makes adherence a challenge. As an integral part of CeD management, multiple professional organizations recommend regular follow-up with a healthcare provider (HCP). Many CeD patients also participate in patient advocacy groups (PAGs) for education and support. Previous work found that follow-up of CeD patients is highly variable. Here we investigated the self-reported factors associated with HCP follow-up among individuals diagnosed with CeD who participate in a PAG...
December 11, 2017: BMC Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29228733/investigating-the-association-between-diet-and-risk-of-head-and-neck-cancer-in-taiwan
#11
Chan-Chi Chang, Wei-Ting Lee, Yao-Chou Lee, Cheng-Chih Huang, Chun-Yen Ou, Yu-Hsuan Lin, Jehn-Shyun Huang, Tung-Yiu Wong, Ken-Chung Chen, Jenn-Ren Hsiao, Yu-Cheng Lu, Sen-Tien Tsai, Yu-Hsuan Lai, Yuan-Hua Wu, Wei-Ting Hsueh, Chia-Jui Yen, Shang-Yin Wu, Jang-Yang Chang, Sheen-Yie Fang, Jiunn-Liang Wu, Chen-Lin Lin, Ya-Ling Weng, Han-Chien Yang, Yu-Shan Chen, Jeffrey S Chang
Most studies reporting an inverse association between the consumption of vegetables and fruits and head and neck cancer (HNC) risk were conducted in Western populations and only a few included East Asians. The current case-control study investigated the association between diet and HNC risk using data of 838 HNC cases and 998 controls from a case-control study of HNC conducted in Taiwan. Each participant was asked about their consumption of fresh vegetables, pickled vegetables, fresh fruits, citrus fruits, meat, processed meat, fish, egg, and dairy products...
November 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226819/adherence-to-mediterranean-diet-and-all-cause-mortality-after-an-episode-of%C3%A2-acute-heart-failure-results-of-the%C3%A2-medit-ahf%C3%A2-study
#12
Òscar Miró, Ramon Estruch, Francisco J Martín-Sánchez, Víctor Gil, Javier Jacob, Pablo Herrero-Puente, Sergio Herrera Mateo, Alfons Aguirre, Juan A Andueza, Pere Llorens
OBJECTIVES: The authors sought to evaluate clinical outcomes of patients after an episode of acute heart failure (AHF) according to their adherence to the Mediterranean diet (MedDiet). BACKGROUND: It has been proved that MedDiet is a useful tool in primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases. However, it is unknown whether adherence to MedDiet is associated with better outcomes in patients who have already experienced an episode of AHF. METHODS: We designed a prospective study that included consecutive patients diagnosed with AHF in 7 Spanish emergency departments (EDs)...
November 27, 2017: JACC. Heart Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29226808/increased-tolerance-to-less-extensively-heat-denatured-baked-milk-products-in-milk-allergic-children
#13
Anna Nowak-Węgrzyn, Kaitie Lawson, Madhan Masilamani, Jacob Kattan, H T Bahnson, Hugh A Sampson
BACKGROUND: Most milk-allergic children tolerate baked milk. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of more frequent versus less frequent introduction of higher doses of more allergenic (less heat-denatured) forms of milk (MAFM) on progression to tolerance. METHODS: Milk-allergic children were challenged with increasing doses of MAFM; baked foods were incorporated into the diet; challenges were repeated at 6- or 12-month intervals over 36 months...
December 6, 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology in Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225484/the-prevalence-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-a-sample-of-female-university-students-in-tabuk-saudi-arabia
#14
Riyadh A Alzaheb, Osama Al-Amer
Background: Prior data on iron deficiency anemia's (IDA) prevalence and associated risk factors among female university students are scarce in the Saudi Arabian context. This study therefore recruited a sample of female students at the University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia, to investigate IDA prevalence and risk factors and fill the identified research gap. Methods: A cross-sectional study of 200 apparently healthy female students aged between 19 and 25 years was performed between February and June 2016...
2017: Clinical Medicine Insights. Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225481/perspectives-on-high-intensity-interval-exercise-for-health-promotion-in-children-and-adolescents
#15
REVIEW
Bert Bond, Kathryn L Weston, Craig A Williams, Alan R Barker
Physical activity lowers future cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk; however, few children and adolescents achieve the recommended minimum amount of daily activity. Accordingly, there is virtue in identifying the efficacy of small volumes of high-intensity exercise for health benefits in children and adolescents for the primary prevention of CVD risk. The purpose of this narrative review is to provide a novel overview of the available literature concerning high-intensity interval-exercise (HIIE) interventions in children and adolescents...
2017: Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225142/ethical-concerns-regarding-animal-use-mediate-the-relationship-between-variety-of-pets-owned-in-childhood-and-vegetarianism-in-adulthood
#16
Sydney Heiss, Julia M Hormes
Plant-based and vegetarian diets have been shown to have diverse health and environmental benefits and also serve to reduce farmed animal exploitation. It is therefore worthwhile to gain a better understanding of the factors that play a role in the decision to refrain from animal products. Past studies have shown that childhood pet ownership predicts the likelihood of adherence to a vegetarian diet in adulthood. Building on this research, we tested the hypothesis that the number of different types of pets owned in childhood is positively associated with degree of restriction of animal products in adulthood, and that this relationship is mediated by pro-animal attitudes...
December 7, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224987/tobacco-smoke-exposure-association-with-lipid-profiles-and-adiposity-among-u-s-adolescents
#17
Ashley L Merianos, Roman A Jandarov, Jane C Khoury, E Melinda Mahabee-Gittens
PURPOSE: We investigated the association between tobacco smoke exposure (TSE) as measured by serum cotinine and lipoprotein cholesterols and adiposity in adolescents. METHODS: We performed a secondary analysis of 1999-2012 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data including participants 12-19 years old. We examined TSE: unexposed (<.05 ng/mL), passively exposed (.05-2.99 ng/mL), and actively exposed (≥3 ng/mL); lipid profiles: total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C), non-HDL-C, low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C), and triglycerides; and adiposity: body mass index z-score (BMIZ), waist circumference (WC), and waist-to-height ratio (WHtR)...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224865/effects-of-supplementation-with-ruminally-protected-choline-on-performance-of-multiparous-holstein-cows-did-not-depend-upon-prepartum-caloric-intake
#18
M G Zenobi, R Gardinal, J E Zuniga, A L G Dias, C D Nelson, J P Driver, B A Barton, J E P Santos, C R Staples
Objectives were to evaluate the effect of prepartum energy intake on performance of dairy cows supplemented with or without ruminally protected choline (RPC; 0 or 17.3 g/d of choline chloride; 0 or 60 g/d of ReaShure, Balchem Corp., New Hampton, NY). At 47 ± 6 d before the expected calving date, 93 multiparous Holstein cows were assigned randomly to 1 of 4 dietary treatments in a 2 × 2 factorial arrangement. Cows were fed energy to excess [EXE; 1.63 Mcal of net energy for lactation/kg of dry matter (DM)] or to maintenance (MNE; 1...
December 7, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224793/validity-of-the-toddler-feeding-questionnaire-for-measuring-parent-authoritative-and-indulgent-feeding-practices-which-are-associated-with-stress-and-health-literacy-among-latino-parents-of-preschool-children
#19
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds-Taylor, Stephanie Mitchell, Shari L Barkin
Understanding the contribution of parental feeding practices to childhood obesity among Latino children is a solution-oriented approach that can lead to interventions supporting healthy childhood growth and lowering rates of obesity. The purpose of this study was to confirm the reliability and validity of the Toddler Feeding Questionnaire (TFQ) to measure parental feeding practices among a sample of Spanish-speaking parent-preschool child pairs (n = 529), and to test the hypothesis that parent characteristics of body mass index (BMI), stress, and health literacy are associated with more indulgent and less authoritative feeding practices...
November 3, 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224485/assessment-of-dietary-factors-dietary-practices-and-exercise-on-mental-distress-in-young-adults-versus-matured-adults-a-cross-sectional-study
#20
Lina Begdache, Maher Chaar, Nasim Sabounchi, Hamed Kianmehr
The importance of the diet in modulating mental health is uncovering as many dietary factors have been described to alter brain chemistry. Brain maturation may not complete until the age of 30 which may explain the differential emotional control, mindset, and resilience between young adults and matured adults. As a result, dietary factors may influence mental health differently in these two populations. OBJECTIVES: To study dietary intake, dietary practices and exercise in young adults (YA) (18-29 years) versus matured adults (MA) (30 years and older) in relation to mental distress...
December 11, 2017: Nutritional Neuroscience
keyword
keyword
112893
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"