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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036893/development-and-validation-of-a-food-frequency-questionnaire-to-estimate-intake-among-children-and-adolescents-in-urban-peru
#1
Carly A Rodriguez, Emily R Smith, Eduardo Villamor, Nelly Zavaleta, Graciela Respicio-Torres, Carmen Contreras, Sara Perea, Judith Jimenez, Karen Tintaya, Leonid Lecca, Megan B Murray, Molly F Franke
Tools to assess intake among children in Latin America are limited. We developed and assessed the reproducibility and validity of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) administered to children, adolescents, and their caregivers in Lima, Peru. We conducted 24-h diet recalls (DRs) and focus groups to develop a locally-tailored FFQ prototype for children aged 0-14 years. To validate the FFQ, we administered two FFQs and three DRs to children and/or their caregivers (N = 120) over six months. We examined FFQ reproducibility by quartile agreement and Pearson correlation coefficients, and validity by quartile agreement and correlation with DRs...
October 14, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036761/effects-of-conjugated-linoleic-acid-n-3-and-resistance-training-on-muscle-quality-and-expression-of-atrophy-related-ubiquitin-ligases-in-middle-aged-mice-with-high-fat-dietinduced-obesity
#2
Seung-Lyul Oh, Sang-Rok Lee, Jeong-Su Kim
PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of conjugated linoleic acid (CLA)/n-3 supplements and resistance exercise training (RT) for 20 weeks on muscle quality and genes related to protein synthesis/degradation in middle-aged mice with high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity. METHODS: Nine-month-old C57BL/6 male mice were randomly assigned to five groups: 1) normal diet (C), 2) high-fat diet (H), 3) H+RT (HRT), 4) H+CLA/n-3 (H-CN), and 5) H+RT+CLA/n-3 (H-RTCN). HFD groups were given a diet containing 60% fat for 20 weeks, and exercised groups underwent progressive RT using weighted ladder climbing...
September 30, 2017: Journal of Exercise Nutrition & Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036212/dietary-patterns-and-mental-health-after-myocardial-infarction
#3
Nathaly Rius-Ottenheim, Daan Kromhout, Femke P C Sijtsma, Johanna M Geleijnse, Erik J Giltay
BACKGROUND: Diet has been associated with better mental health in general populations, but less is known on this association in patients with a history of coronary heart disease. The objective of this study is to examine the cross-sectional associations between dietary patterns and mental health in elderly patients with a history of myocardial infarction. METHODS: Data were drawn from the final assessment of the Alpha Omega cohort that monitored patients with a history of myocardial infarction (age range 60-80 years)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035971/dietary-patterns-and-cognition-in-older-persons
#4
Angela M Abbatecola, Marcello Russo, Michelangela Barbieri
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The current article reviews recently published evidence of the important role that specific dietary patterns may hold on preventing cognitive impairment and dementia over aging. RECENT FINDINGS: Specific dietary patterns attributed to targeting cardiovascular risk factors may protect against the development of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) and dementia, especially Alzheimer's disease. Numerous epidemiological studies have strongly suggested that multinutrient approaches using the Mediterranean diet (Med diet), dietary approach to systolic hypertension (DASH) and the Mediterranean-DASH diet intervention for neurodegenerative delay (MIND) are associated with a lower risk of cognitive impairment, MCI and Alzheimer's disease in older persons...
October 14, 2017: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035940/perspectives-on-hypertension-s-prevalence-treatment-and-control-in-a-high-cardiovascular-risk-east-european-country-data-from-the-sephar-iii-survey
#5
Maria Dorobantu, Oana-Florentina Tautu, Doina Dimulescu, Crina Sinescu, Paul Gusbeth-Tatomir, Catalina Arsenescu-Gerogescu, Florin Mitu, Daniel Lighezan, Calin Pop, Katalin Babes, Alina Giuca, Ileana Branza, Mihaela Udrescu, Valeria Herdea, Roxana Darabont
OBJECTIVES: To estimate the trend in arterial hypertension's prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control in Romania, starting from the latest national survey Study for the Evaluation of Prevalence of Hypertension and Cardiovascular Risk in Romania III that has a crucial importance for the development of prevention strategies at national level. METHODS: A representative sample of 1970 Romanian adults (mean age 48.38 years, age range 18-80 years, 52.5% women, 72...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035785/association-of-blood-polychlorinated-biphenyls-and-cholesterol-levels-among-canadian-inuit
#6
Kavita Singh, Hing Man Chan
BACKGROUND: It has generally been thought that Inuit populations have low risk of cardiovascular disease due to high consumption of omega-3 fatty acids found in traditional marine-based diets. However, results of recent surveys showed that Inuit populations are experiencing increasing rates of cardiovascular disease and related risk factors. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to investigate if blood polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) are associated with high cholesterol and related parameters in Canadian Inuit, known risk factors for cardiovascular disease...
October 13, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035758/adherence-to-a-dash-style-diet-in-relation-to-depression-and-aggression-in-adolescent-girls
#7
Sayyed Saeid Khayyatzadeh, Mehraneh Mehramiz, Seyed Jamal Mirmousavi, Mohsen Mazidi, Amirhosein Ziaee, Seyyed Mohammad Reza Kazemi-Bajestani, Gordon A Ferns, Fatemeh Moharreri, Majid Ghayour-Mobarhan
The aim of this study was to assess adherence to the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern in relation to depression and aggression in adolescent girls. The study was carried out among 580 girls aged between 12 and 18 years of age. DASH scores were determined according to the method of Fung et al. A Persian version of the Beck Depression Inventory and Buss-Perry questionnaire were used for the assessment of depression and aggression. We analysed our data using crude and adjusted models...
September 28, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035603/competition-level-not-associated-with-diet-quality-in-marching-artists
#8
Colleen R McConnell, Alyssa McPherson, Kathleen Woolf
Marching artists are a unique group of athletes whose performance can be influenced by nutrition. Because physical demands are thought to be moderate to high, adequate energy and a variety of nutrient-dense foods are needed. The purpose of this study was to examine diet quality, physical activity, and eating behavior of marching artists across elite and non-elite competition levels. This cross-sectional analysis used the validated National Cancer Institute Diet History Questionnaire II, International Physical Activity Questionnaire, and Eating Behavior Patterns Questionnaire...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035182/induction-with-infliximab-and-a-plant-based-diet-as-first-line-ipf-therapy-for-crohn-disease-a-single-group-trial
#9
Mitsuro Chiba, Tsuyotoshi Tsuji, Kunio Nakane, Satoko Tsuda, Hajime Ishii, Hideo Ohno, Kenta Watanabe, Mai Ito, Masafumi Komatsu, Takeshi Sugawara
BACKGROUND: Approximately 30% of patients with Crohn disease (CD) are unresponsive to biologics. No previous study has focused on a plant-based diet in an induction phase of CD treatment. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the remission rate of infliximab combined with a plant-based diet as first-line (IPF) therapy for CD. METHODS: This was a prospective single-group trial conducted at tertiary hospitals. Subjects included consecutive adults with a new diagnosis (n = 26), children with a new diagnosis (n = 11), and relapsing adults (n = 9) with CD who were naïve to treatment with biologics...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034918/resveratrol-from-diet-to-topical-usage
#10
REVIEW
Veronica Sanda Chedea, Simona Ioana Vicaş, Claudia Sticozzi, Federica Pessina, Maria Frosini, Emanuela Maioli, Giuseppe Valacchi
The stilbene derivative resveratrol (3,5,4'-trihydroxy-stilbene; RESV) has become the subject of interest of many researchers and the pharmaceutical industries due to its well-acclaimed beneficial biological activities. Although earlier research tended to focus on the effects of RESV on cardiovascular disorders, many other studies have described the beneficial effects of RESV in the areas of cancer chemoprevention and inflammation and interest of researchers on this compound is still increasing. It is now well accepted that the effect of RESV is not just due to its so called "antioxidant" activity but mainly (if not only) because of the ability of this compound to trigger cell signaling pathways and gene expression involved in cellular defense systems...
October 16, 2017: Food & Function
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034600/no-adverse-programming-by-post-weaning-dietary-fructose-of-body-weight-adiposity-glucose-tolerance-or-metabolic-flexibility
#11
Lianne M S Bouwman, José M S Fernández-Calleja, Hans J M Swarts, Inge van der Stelt, Annemarie Oosting, Jaap Keijer, Evert M van Schothorst
SCOPE: Metabolic programming can occur not only in the perinatal period, but also post-weaning. This study aimed to assess whether fructose, in comparison to glucose, in the post-weaning diet programs body weight, adiposity, glucose tolerance, metabolic flexibility and health at adult age. METHODS AND RESULTS: Three-week-old male and female C57BL6/JRccHsd mice were given an intervention diet with 32 en% glucose or fructose for only three weeks. Next, all animals were switched to the same 40 en% high fat diet for nine weeks...
October 16, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033987/dietary-practices-and-nutritional-profile-of-female-nurses-from-government-hospitals-in-delhi-india
#12
Shipra Gupta
BACKGROUND: Nursing is a demanding profession and nurses face a considerable degree of stress at work that can adversely influence their dietary practices and nutritional status. The current study was designed to conduct a preliminary investigation of the dietary practices and nutritional profile of nurses from government hospitals in Delhi. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among 80 female nurses aged between 25 and 39 years from government hospitals...
September 2017: Iranian Journal of Nursing and Midwifery Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032787/ultra-processed-foods-protein-leverage-and-energy-intake-in-the-usa
#13
Euridice Martínez Steele, David Raubenheimer, Stephen J Simpson, Larissa Galastri Baraldi, Carlos A Monteiro
OBJECTIVE: Experimental studies have shown that human macronutrient regulation minimizes variation in absolute protein intake and consequently energy intake varies passively with dietary protein density ('protein leverage'). According to the 'protein leverage hypothesis' (PLH), protein leverage interacts with a reduction in dietary protein density to drive energy overconsumption and obesity. Worldwide increase in consumption of ultra-processed foods (UPF) has been hypothesized to be an important determinant of dietary protein dilution, and consequently an ecological driving force of energy overconsumption and the obesity pandemic...
October 16, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032631/tools-to-improve-planning-implementation-monitoring-and-evaluation-of-complementary-feeding-programmes
#14
Juliawati Untoro, Rachel Childs, Indira Bose, Pattanee Winichagoon, Christiane Rudert, Andrew Hall, Saskia de Pee
Adequate nutrient intake is a prerequisite for achieving good nutrition status. Suboptimal complementary feeding practices are a main risk factor for stunting. The need for systematic and user-friendly tools to guide the planning, implementation, monitoring, and evaluation of dietary interventions for children aged 6-23 months has been recognized. This paper describes five tools, namely, ProPAN, Optifood, Cost of the Diet, Fill the Nutrient Gap, and Monitoring Results for Equity System that can be used in different combinations to improve situation analysis, planning, implementation, monitoring, or evaluation approaches for complementary feeding in a particular context...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032630/risk-factors-of-poor-complementary-feeding-practices-in-pakistani-children-aged-6-23%C3%A2-months-a-multilevel-analysis-of-the-demographic-and-health-survey-2012-2013
#15
Muzi Na, Víctor M Aguayo, Mary Arimond, Christine P Stewart
Appropriate feeding practices are crucial for survival, growth, and development in childhood. This paper analyzes Pakistan's Demographic and Health Survey 2012-2013 to fill the knowledge gap in risk factors of poor complementary feeding practices in Pakistani children. Multilevel models were applied to fit the multistage cluster sample of 2,827 children aged 6-23 months from 489 communities. Introduction of solid, semi-solid, or soft foods (intro) was achieved in 67% infants aged 6-8 months. Among children aged 6-23 months, the proportion of children meeting minimum meal frequency, dietary diversity (MDD), and acceptable diet criteria were 63%, 22% and 15%, respectively...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032628/diet-quality-and-risk-of-stunting-among-infants-and-young-children-in-low-and-middle-income-countries
#16
Julia Krasevec, Xiaoyi An, Richard Kumapley, France Bégin, Edward A Frongillo
Age-appropriate complementary feeding practices are far from optimal among low- and middle-income countries with available data. The evidence on the association between feeding practices and linear growth is mixed. We sought to systematically examine the association between two indictors of dietary quality-dietary diversity and animal source food (ASF) consumption (WHO, 2008)-and stunting (length-for-age z-score) employing existing data from 39 Demographic and Health Surveys. Data on 74,548 children aged 6-23 months were pooled and multiple logistic regression models, adjusting for child, maternal, and household characteristics, employed to assess the association between dietary quality and stunting...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032627/complementary-feeding-practices-for-infants-and-young-children-in-south-asia-a-review-of-evidence-for-action-post-2015
#17
Víctor M Aguayo
Some 37% (~64 million) South Asian children under 5 years are stunted. Most stunting occurs during the complementary feeding period (6-23 months). Our objective was to (a) characterize complementary feeding practices in South Asia and (b) review the effectiveness of information, education, and counselling (IEC) interventions aiming to improve complementary feeding in South Asia. We conducted a comprehensive review of (a) the latest nationally representative survey data and (b) peer-reviewed interventions (January 1990 to December 2015) that used IEC as the main strategy to improve complementary feeding...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032623/complementary-feeding-practices-current-global-and-regional-estimates
#18
Jessica M White, France Bégin, Richard Kumapley, Colleen Murray, Julia Krasevec
Insufficient quantities and inadequate quality of complementary foods, together with poor feeding practices, pose a threat to children's health and nutrition. Interventions to improve complementary feeding are critical to reduce all forms of malnutrition, and access to data to ascertain the status of complementary feeding practices is essential for efforts to improve feeding behaviours. However, sufficient data to generate estimates for the core indicators covering the complementary feeding period only became available recently...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032621/household-food-insecurity-and-children-s-dietary-diversity-and-nutrition-in-india-evidence-from-the-comprehensive-nutrition-survey-in-maharashtra
#19
S Chandrasekhar, Víctor M Aguayo, Vandana Krishna, Rajlakshmi Nair
We analyse data from the 2012 Comprehensive Nutrition Survey in the State of Maharashtra, India, which surveyed 2,630 households. This is a unique dataset because in addition to nutritional status of mothers and children, it has information on diets of women and children and household food security. This rich dataset allows us to address three issues: whether household food security predicts higher diet diversity in children aged 6-23 months; whether household food security predicts lower risk of undernutrition; and whether the lower risk of undernutrition in children who live in food secure households is mediated by improved diet diversity for children...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29032619/first-foods-why-improving-young-children-s-diets-matter
#20
France Bégin, Víctor M Aguayo
Globally, only 52% of children aged 6-23 months meet the minimum meal frequency and a mere 29% meet the minimum dietary diversity, with large disparities across and within regions. With most of the stunting occurring during the first thousand days-from conception to age 2 years-improving complementary feeding in children 6-23 months old is an urgent priority. With this evidence in mind, UNICEF collaborated with the governments of India and Maharashtra to convene a global meeting in Mumbai, India, under the theme: First Foods: A Global Meeting to Accelerate Progress on Complementary Feeding in Young Children (November 17-18, 2015)...
October 2017: Maternal & Child Nutrition
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