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Occupational health surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523158/pleural-and-peritoneal-mesotheliomas-in-the-friuli-venezia-giulia-register-data-analysis-from-1995-to-2015-in-northeastern-italy
#1
Flavia D'Agostin, Paola De Michieli, Carolin Chermaz, Corrado Negro
BACKGROUND: The Friuli Venezia Giulia Mesothelioma Register contains a case-list of 1,109 mesotheliomas (1,034 pleural, 75 peritoneal) during 1995-2015. Exposure data are available for almost all cases. The aim was to assess mesothelioma incidence in the Region, an area with several shipyards, and to investigate determinants of mesothelioma latency among occupational cases. METHODS: Incidence rates were calculated. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to estimate latency time by anatomical site, gender, diagnostic period and industry sector...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520495/an-approach-to-assess-the-burden-of-work-related-injury-disease-and-distress
#2
Paul A Schulte, Rene Pana-Cryan, Teresa Schnorr, Anita L Schill, Rebecca Guerin, Sarah Felknor, Gregory R Wagner
The true burden (morbidity, mortality, disability, cost, pain, distress) of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries is unknown, and what is reported as burden is significantly underestimated. This underestimation affects the way decision-makers view investments in research and worker protection, which in turn has a substantial impact on national welfare and public health. To better describe the societal and individual burdens of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries, we propose an approach to gauge what is known about burden and where new assessments may be made...
May 18, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515300/a-novel-a-h7n2-influenza-virus-isolated-from-a-veterinarian-caring-for-cats-in-a-new-york-city-animal-shelter-causes-mild-disease-and-transmits-poorly-in-the-ferret-model
#3
Jessica A Belser, Joanna A Pulit-Penaloza, Xiangjie Sun, Nicole Brock, Claudia Pappas, Hannah M Creager, Hui Zeng, Terrence M Tumpey, Taronna R Maines
In December 2016, a low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) A(H7N2) virus was identified as the causative source of an outbreak in a cat shelter in New York City, which subsequently spread to multiple shelters in New York and Pennsylvania. One person with occupational exposure to infected cats became infected with the virus, representing the first LPAI H7N2 human infection in North America since 2003. Considering the close contact that frequently occurs between companion animals and humans, it was critical to assess the relative risk of this novel virus to public health...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506182/elemental-properties-of-copper-slag-and-measured-airborne-exposures-at-a-copper-slag-processing-facility
#4
Christopher Mugford, Jenna L Gibbs, Randy Boylstein
In 1974, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommended a ban on the use of abrasives containing >1% silica, giving rise to abrasive substitutes like copper slag. We present results from a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health industrial hygiene survey at a copper slag processing facility that consisted of the collection of bulk samples for metals and silica; and full-shift area and personal air samples for dust, metals, and respirable silica. Carcinogens, suspect carcinogens, and other toxic elements were detected in all bulk samples, and area and personal air samples...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506017/prevalence-of-serious-psychological-distress-among-slaughterhouse-workers-at-a-united-states-beef-packing-plant
#5
Jessica H Leibler, Patricia A Janulewicz, Melissa J Perry
BACKGROUND: Workers in the animal slaughter and processing industry in the United States experience high rates of occupational injury as well as stressful work conditions, yet mental health in this workforce remains largely unstudied. OBJECTIVE: To assess prevalence of serious psychological distress (SPD) in a sample of industrial US slaughterhouse workers. PARTICIPANTS: Workers at an industrial beef packing plant in Nebraska, United States (n = 137)...
May 6, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446739/suspected-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-a-sample-of-westerns-sicily-residents-what-correlation-with-occupation
#6
Maria Gabriella Verso, Fabrizio Vitale, Germano Castelli, Federica Bruno, Antonella Migliazzo, Maria Rita Bongiorno, Fiorella Santi, Giuseppe Pistone, Emanuele Amodio, Diego Picciotto
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is a widespread infectious disease, but there is not much information about its prevalence in high risk occupational categories. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of Leishmania immunological positivity in human skin tissues collected from subjects living in Western Sicily, with suspected cutaneous Leishmania infection, in order to explore the risk possibly related to occupation. METHODS: 318 consecutive subjects (M/F ratio=1...
April 21, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437428/prevalence-of-alcohol-use-disorders-among-under-and-post-graduate-healthcare-students-in-italy
#7
Monica Lamberti, Francesco Napolitano, Paola Napolitano, Antonio Arnese, Vincenzo Crispino, Gianclaudio Panariello, Gabriella Di Giuseppe
A cross-sectional study was carried out on 641 medical students, 359 students attending a degree course in the healthcare professions, and 500 resident physicians, all undergoing health surveillance at the ambulatory of the Division of Occupational Medicine, Second University of Naples, Italy. 76.1% of the participants drank alcohol, with 85.5% of medical students, 77.4% of resident physicians, and 63% of healthcare-professions students reporting regular alcohol use. In the whole sample, the mean Audit-C score was 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431005/occupational-asthma-caused-by-acrylic-compounds-from-shield-surveillance-1989-2014
#8
G I Walters, A S Robertson, V C Moore, P S Burge
Background: Acrylic monomers (acrylates), methacrylates and cyanoacrylates all cause asthma by respiratory sensitization. Occupational inhalation exposures occur across a variety of industries including health care and dental work, beauty, laboratory science, assembly and plastic moulding. Aims: To examine notifications of occupational asthma caused by acrylic compounds from a UK-based regional surveillance scheme, in order to highlight prevalent exposures and trends in presentation...
April 20, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430556/pneumoconioses-radiographs-in-a-large-population-of-u-s-coal-workers-variability-in-a-reader-and-b-reader-classifications-by-using-the-international-labour-office-classification
#9
Cara N Halldin, David J Blackley, Edward L Petsonk, A Scott Laney
Purpose To assess the level of concordance between chest radiographic classifications of A and B Readers in a national surveillance program offered to U.S. coal miners over an approximate 36-year period. Materials and Methods The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program (CWHSP) is a surveillance program with nonresearch designation and is exempt from Human Subjects Review Board approval (11-DRDS-NR03). Thirty-six years of data (1979-2015) from the CWHSP were analyzed, which included all conventional screen-film radiographs with a classification by at least one A Reader and one B Reader...
April 21, 2017: Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28426116/portuguese-expatriates-health-in-angola-and-mozambique-a-cross-sectional-study-increasing-awareness-and-need-for-more-surveillance
#10
Ana Glória Fonseca, Sara S Dias, João Luis Baptista, Jorge Torgal
Background: Increasing numbers of expatriates are working in sub-Saharan Africa. There is little published data on the complex population and this survey aimed at understanding expatriate morbidity by accessing self-reported health problems and malaria preventive practices. Methods: A cross-sectional web-based survey was conducted targeting Portuguese expatriates in Angola and Mozambique. Logistic regression analysis explored factors associated with self-reported health problems and psychological symptoms in the previous 3 months...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Travel Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28423135/childhood-cancer-and-environmental-integrity-a-commentary-and-a-proposal
#11
Carlo Modonesi, Enrico Oddone, Celestino Panizza, Gemma Gatta
Improvements in the health standards of developed and developing societies depend primarily on the relationships between economy and environment. Recent long-term changes in the chemical composition of man-made environments may be linked to changes in the biology of human beings. Here we argue that children are at the greatest risk of being affected by the dangerous effects of these changes, with particular reference to cancer. The concept of cancer risk must be extended to new contexts. Considering the increasing rates of chemical pollution and its spreading in the environment, we illustrate a proposal aiming to protect the human health, in an intra- and intergenerational perspective...
April 10, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422921/population-based-estimate-of-trauma-related-deaths-for-law-enforcement-personnel-risks-for-death-are-higher-and-increasing-over-time
#12
Alexander L Eastman, Michael W Cripps, Kareem R Abdelfattah, Kenji Inaba, Thomas G Weiser, David A Spain, Kristan L Staudenmayer
OBJECTIVE: Trauma-related deaths remain an important public health problem. One group susceptible to death due to traumatic mechanisms is U.S. Law Enforcement (LE). We hypothesized that LE officers experienced a higher chance of violent death compared to the general U.S. population and that risks have increased over time. METHODS: The National Institute on Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) National Occupational Mortality Surveillance (NOMS) is a population-based survey of occupational deaths...
April 18, 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28416465/15-years-of-monitoring-occupational-exposure-to-respirable-dust-and-quartz-within-the-european-industrial-minerals-sector
#13
Hicham Zilaout, Jelle Vlaanderen, Remko Houba, Hans Kromhout
INTRODUCTION: In 2000, a prospective Dust Monitoring Program (DMP) was started in which measurements of worker's exposure to respirable dust and quartz are collected in member companies from the European Industrial Minerals Association (IMA-Europe). After 15 years, the resulting IMA-DMP database allows a detailed overview of exposure levels of respirable dust and quartz over time within this industrial sector. Our aim is to describe the IMA-DMP and the current state of the corresponding database which due to continuation of the IMA-DMP is still growing...
March 27, 2017: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28408654/radiographic-disease-progression-in-contemporary-us-coal-miners-with-progressive-massive-fibrosis
#14
A Scott Laney, David John Blackley, Cara N Halldin
INTRODUCTION: Among contemporary US coal miners, there has been an increase in the prevalence and severity of pneumoconiosis, including its advanced form progressive massive fibrosis (PMF). We examine radiographic progression in Coal Workers' Health Surveillance Program (CWHSP) participants. METHODS: CWHSP participants with a final determination of PMF during 1 January 2000-1 October 2016 with at least one prior radiograph in the system were included. We characterised demographics, participation and progression patterns...
April 13, 2017: Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403016/green-collar-workers-an-emerging-workforce-in-the-environmental-sector
#15
Laura A McClure, William G LeBlanc, Cristina A Fernandez, Lora E Fleming, David J Lee, Kevin J Moore, Alberto J Caban-Martinez
OBJECTIVE: We describe the socio-demographic, occupational, and health characteristics of "green collar" workers, a vital and emerging workforce in energy-efficiency and sustainability. METHODS: We linked data from the 2004 to 2012 National Health Interview Surveys (NHIS) and US Occupational Information Network (O*NET). Descriptive and logistic regression analyses were conducted using green collar worker status as the outcome (n = 143,346). RESULTS: Green collar workers are more likely than non-green workers to be men, age 25 to 64 years, obese, and with less than or equal to high school (HS) education...
May 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395347/burden-of-occupationally-acquired-pulmonary-tuberculosis-among-healthcare-workers-in-the-usa-a-risk-analysis
#16
Rachael M Jones
Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) infection remains an occupational health burden among healthcare workers (HCWs), but current surveillance data do not allow for attribution of pulmonary TB disease to occupational or community exposures. The objectives of this study were to estimate the annual number of occupationally acquired pulmonary TB infections among HCW in acute care settings (ambulatory care, emergency departments (EDs), and hospitals) in the USA, and to estimate the impact of increased compliance with respiratory protection...
March 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395315/creating-a-future-for-occupational-health
#17
Trevor K Peckham, Marissa G Baker, Janice E Camp, Joel D Kaufman, Noah S Seixas
Objectives: Economic, social, technical, and political drivers are fundamentally changing the nature of work and work environments, with profound implications for the field of occupational health. Nevertheless, researchers and practitioners entering the field are largely being trained to assess and control exposures using approaches developed under old models of work and risks. Methods: A speaker series and symposium were organized to broadly explore current challenges and future directions for the occupational health field...
January 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393716/pneumoconiosis-in-different-sectors-and-their-differences-in-turkey
#18
Nur Şafak Alıcı, Arif Çımrın, Ayşe Coşkun Beyan
Introduction: Pneumoconiosis which is one of the ancient diseases, still affects many workers throughout the world despite "existing" control programs. We add data from a single center reviewing risk factors for pneumoconiosis; evaluate functional and radiological findings in different sectors. Materials and Methods: We reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with pneumoconiosis who were admitted to our center between the years 2013 and 2015. Several personal and occupational features, together with functional and radiologic data, were collected...
December 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28366140/-pneumoconiosis-in-different-sectors-and-their-differences-in-turkey
#19
Nur Şafak Alıcı, Arif Çımrın, Ayşe Coşkun Beyan
Introduction: Pneumoconiosis which is one of the ancient diseases, still affects many workers throughout the world despite "existing" control programs. We add data from a single center reviewing risk factors for pneumoconiosis; evaluate functional and radiological findings in different sectors. Materials and Methods: We reviewed medical records of patients diagnosed with pneumoconiosis who were admitted to our center between the years 2013 and 2015. Several personal and occupational features, together with functional and radiologic data, were collected...
December 2016: Tüberküloz Ve Toraks
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28364911/influenza-vaccination-among-workers-21-u-s-states-2013
#20
Alissa C O'Halloran, Peng-Jun Lu, Walter W Williams, Pamela Schumacher, Aaron Sussell, Jan Birdsey, Winifred L Boal, Marie Haring Sweeney, Sara E Luckhaupt, Carla L Black, Tammy A Santibanez
BACKGROUND: Influenza illnesses can result in missed days at work and societal costs, but influenza vaccination can reduce the risk of disease. Knowledge of vaccination coverage by industry and occupation can help guide prevention efforts and be useful during influenza pandemic planning. METHODS: Data from 21 states using the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System industry-occupation module were analyzed. Influenza vaccination coverage was reported by select industry and occupation groups, including health care personnel (HCP) and other occupational groups who may have first priority to receive influenza vaccination during a pandemic (tier 1)...
April 1, 2017: American Journal of Infection Control
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