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Occupational health surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644057/the-implementation-of-medical-monitoring-programs-following-potentially-hazardous-exposures-a-medico-legal-perspective
#1
David Vearrier, Michael I Greenberg
CONTEXT: Clinical toxicologists may be called upon to determine the appropriateness of medical monitoring following documented or purported exposures to toxicants in the occupational, environmental, and medical settings. METHODS: We searched the MEDLINE database using the Ovid(®) search engine for the following terms cross-referenced to the MeSH database: ("occupational exposures" OR "environmental exposures") AND ("physiologic monitoring" OR "population surveillance")...
June 23, 2017: Clinical Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28640675/health-related-quality-of-life-among-us-workers-variability-across-occupation-groups
#2
Taylor M Shockey, Matthew Zack, Aaron Sussell
OBJECTIVES: To examine the health-related quality of life among workers in 22 standard occupation groups using data from the 2013-2014 US Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System. METHODS: We examined the health-related quality of life measures of self-rated health, frequent physical distress, frequent mental distress, frequent activity limitation, and frequent overall unhealthy days by occupation group for 155 839 currently employed adults among 17 states. We performed multiple logistic regression analyses that accounted for the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System's complex survey design to obtain prevalence estimates adjusted for potential confounders...
June 22, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637724/cross-sectional-association-between-zip-code-level-gentrification-and-homelessness-among-a-large-community-based-sample-of-people-who-inject-drugs-in-19-us-cities
#3
Sabriya L Linton, Hannah Lf Cooper, Mary E Kelley, Conny C Karnes, Zev Ross, Mary E Wolfe, Samuel R Friedman, Don Des Jarlais, Salaam Semaan, Barbara Tempalski, Catlainn Sionean, Elizabeth DiNenno, Cyprian Wejnert, Gabriela Paz-Bailey
BACKGROUND: Housing instability has been associated with poor health outcomes among people who inject drugs (PWID). This study investigates the associations of local-level housing and economic conditions with homelessness among a large sample of PWID, which is an underexplored topic to date. METHODS: PWID in this cross-sectional study were recruited from 19 large cities in the USA as part of National HIV Behavioral Surveillance. PWID provided self-reported information on demographics, behaviours and life events...
June 20, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633653/household-cereal-crop-harvest-and-children-s-nutritional-status-in-rural-burkina-faso
#4
Kristine Belesova, Antonio Gasparrini, Ali Sié, Rainer Sauerborn, Paul Wilkinson
BACKGROUND: Reduction of child undernutrition is one of the Sustainable Development Goals for 2030. Achievement of this goal may be made more difficult in some settings by climate change through adverse impact on agricultural productivity. However, there is only limited quantitative evidence on the link between household crop harvests and child nutrition. We examined this link in a largely subsistence farming population in rural Burkina Faso. METHODS: Data on the middle-upper arm circumference (MUAC) of 975 children ≤5 years of age, household crop yields, and other parameters were obtained from the Nouna Health and Demographic Surveillance System...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628146/-influence-of-awareness-on-the-behaviors-of-chinese-adults-with-diabetes-mellitus
#5
(no author information available yet)
OBJECTIVE: To explore the influence of awareness on the behaviors of Chinese adults with diabetes mellitus, so as to provide scientific evidence for developing relevant policies and strategies in the prevention and control of diabetes. METHODS: Data from the 2013 China Chronic Disease Risk Factor Surveillance were used, covering 297 surveillance counties (districts). The variables involved in this cross-sectional study included: the prevalence of diabetes, the awareness situation, demographic characteristics, behaviors, and other information...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628050/arizona-hospital-discharge-and-emergency-department-database-implications-for-occupational-health-surveillance
#6
Philip Harber, Jennifer Ha, Matthew Roach
OBJECTIVES: The objective of the project was to identify trends in emergency department visits and inpatient admissions for occupational injury and disease frequency and describe the financial impact from specific clinical groups known to have occupational risk factors. METHODS: Workers compensation cases among 19 million records in the Arizona statewide hospital discharge database (HDD) were assessed for seven clinical groups from 2008 to 2014, including back, cardiac, carpal tunnel syndrome, heat-related, psychiatric, pulmonary, and trauma...
April 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625623/mesothelioma-continues-to-increase-even-40-years-after-exposure-evidence-from-long-term-epidemiological-observation
#7
B Świątkowska, N Szeszenia-Dąbrowska
BACKGROUND: Because asbestos dust is considered one of the most dangerous types of dust for people's health, issues related to the effects of asbestos exposure still remain questions about the role of cessation of exposure. OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to determine the importance of temporal patterns, especially the time since the end of exposure in the risk of pleural mesothelioma. METHODS: A total of 131 patients with pleural mesothelioma and 655 frequency matched by gender and year of birth controls enrolled in the health surveillance programme for asbestos-related diseases over the years 2000-2014, were included in the analysis...
June 2017: Lung Cancer: Journal of the International Association for the Study of Lung Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614925/-investigation-on-standard-application-of-industrial-dust-hazard-classification
#8
Y Lu, M Zhang, W H Chen
Objective: To investigate the application and effectiveness evaluation of the standard of GBZ/T 229.1-2010 in practice, and to explore the applicability, aiming to provide technical evidence for the revision of GBZ/T 229.1-2010. Methods: There were 2 questionnaire surveys carried out in the study, including general survey and specific survey. Databases were established and data were input with Excel 2010 and Epidata version 3.1 software. SPSS version 19.0 software was used for data cleaning and statistical analysis...
April 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605270/characteristics-of-acute-occupational-pesticide-exposures-in-texas-reported-to-poison-centers-2000-2015
#9
Amber Brooke Trueblood, Eva M Shipp
In the United States, there is limited literature on occupational pesticide exposures despite being associated with adverse health outcomes, including large states, such as Texas. The purpose of this paper is to characterize occupational pesticide poison center exposures in Texas. Descriptive statistics were used to describe exposures (e.g., exposure routes, type of pesticide, medical outcome, clinical effects, and temporal/seasonal patterns). From 2000 to 2015, there were 2,303 occupational pesticide poison center exposures...
June 12, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28593069/reproductive-toxic-chemicals-at-work-and-efforts-to-protect-workers-health-a-literature-review
#10
REVIEW
Kyung-Taek Rim
A huge number of chemicals are produced and used in the world, and some of them can have negative effects on the reproductive health of workers. To date, most chemicals and work environments have not been studied for their potential to have damaging effects on the workers' reproductive system. Because of the lack of information, many workers may not be aware that such problems can be related to occupational exposures. Newly industrialized countries such as Republic of Korea have rapidly amassed chemicals and other toxicants that pose health hazards, especially to the reproductive systems of workers...
June 2017: Safety and Health At Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586383/at-risk-and-intervention-thresholds-of-occupational-stress-using-a-visual-analogue-scale
#11
Frédéric Dutheil, Bruno Pereira, Farès Moustafa, Geraldine Naughton, François-Xavier Lesage, Céline Lambert
BACKGROUND: The visual analogue scale (VAS) is widely used in clinical practice by occupational physicians to assess perceived stress in workers. However, a single cut-off (black-or-white decision) inadequately discriminates between workers with and without stress. We explored an innovative statistical approach to distinguish an at-risk population among stressed workers, and to establish a threshold over which an action is urgently required, via the use of two cut-offs. METHODS: Participants were recruited during annual work medical examinations by a random sample of workers from five occupational health centres...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584321/occupational-exposure-to-electromagnetic-fields-in-the-polish-armed-forces
#12
Jaromir Sobiech, Jarosław Kieliszek, Robert Puta, Dagmara Bartczak, Wanda Stankiewicz
OBJECTIVES: Standard devices used by military personnel that may pose electromagnetic hazard include: radars, missile systems, radio navigation systems and radio transceivers. The aim of this study has been to evaluate the exposure of military personnel to electromagnetic fields. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Occupational exposure to electromagnetic fields was analyzed in the work environment of personnel of 204 devices divided into 5 groups (surface-to-air missile system radars, aircraft and helicopters, communication devices, surveillance and height finder radars, airport radars and radio navigation systems)...
April 28, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574754/multicenter-study-of-environmental-contamination-with-cyclophosphamide-ifosfamide-and-methotrexate-in-66-canadian-hospitals-a-2016-follow-up-study
#13
C Roland, N Caron, J F Bussières
Purpose Oncology workers are occupationally exposed to antineoplastic drugs. This exposure can induce adverse health effects. In order to reduce their exposure, contamination on surfaces should be kept as low as possible. The main objective of this study was to monitor environmental contamination with cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide, and methotrexate in oncology pharmacy and patient care areas in Canadian centers. The secondary objective was to describe the impact of some factors that may limit contamination. Methods This is a descriptive study...
June 2, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562724/-mesothelioma-mortality-in-argentina-1980-2013
#14
Andrés Trotta, Vilma Sousa Santana, Marcio Alazraqui
Mesothelioma mortality and its socio-demographic and temporal patterns in Argentina from 1980 to 2013 were estimated using data from death certificates obtained from the Vital Statistics System of Argentina's National Ministry of Health. There were 3,259 mesothelioma deaths corresponding to an age-adjusted mortality of 3.1/1,000,000 in 1980 and 5.7/1,000,000 in 2013, an average increase of 84.1% in 34 years. This raising trend became clearer after 1997. Males had higher mortality estimates compared with women in every year of the series; these findings suggest past exposure to asbestos...
January 2017: Salud Colectiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523158/pleural-and-peritoneal-mesotheliomas-in-the-friuli-venezia-giulia-register-data-analysis-from-1995-to-2015-in-northeastern-italy
#15
Flavia D'Agostin, Paola De Michieli, Carolin Chermaz, Corrado Negro
BACKGROUND: The Friuli Venezia Giulia Mesothelioma Register contains a case-list of 1,109 mesotheliomas (1,034 pleural, 75 peritoneal) during 1995-2015. Exposure data are available for almost all cases. The aim was to assess mesothelioma incidence in the Region, an area with several shipyards, and to investigate determinants of mesothelioma latency among occupational cases. METHODS: Incidence rates were calculated. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to estimate latency time by anatomical site, gender, diagnostic period and industry sector...
April 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520495/an-approach-to-assess-the-burden-of-work-related-injury-disease-and-distress
#16
Paul A Schulte, Rene Pana-Cryan, Teresa Schnorr, Anita L Schill, Rebecca Guerin, Sarah Felknor, Gregory R Wagner
The true burden (morbidity, mortality, disability, cost, pain, distress) of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries is unknown, and what is reported as burden is significantly underestimated. This underestimation affects the way decision-makers view investments in research and worker protection, which in turn has a substantial impact on national welfare and public health. To better describe the societal and individual burdens of occupational and work-related diseases and injuries, we propose an approach to gauge what is known about burden and where new assessments may be made...
July 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515300/a-novel-a-h7n2-influenza-virus-isolated-from-a-veterinarian-caring-for-cats-in-a-new-york-city-animal-shelter-causes-mild-disease-and-transmits-poorly-in-the-ferret-model
#17
Jessica A Belser, Joanna A Pulit-Penaloza, Xiangjie Sun, Nicole Brock, Claudia Pappas, Hannah M Creager, Hui Zeng, Terrence M Tumpey, Taronna R Maines
In December 2016, a low pathogenic avian influenza (LPAI) A(H7N2) virus was identified as the causative source of an outbreak in a cat shelter in New York City, which subsequently spread to multiple shelters in New York and Pennsylvania. One person with occupational exposure to infected cats became infected with the virus, representing the first LPAI H7N2 human infection in North America since 2003. Considering the close contact that frequently occurs between companion animals and humans, it was critical to assess the relative risk of this novel virus to public health...
May 17, 2017: Journal of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506182/elemental-properties-of-copper-slag-and-measured-airborne-exposures-at-a-copper-slag-processing-facility
#18
Christopher Mugford, Jenna L Gibbs, Randy Boylstein
In 1974, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommended a ban on the use of abrasives containing >1% silica, giving rise to abrasive substitutes like copper slag. We present results from a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health industrial hygiene survey at a copper slag processing facility that consisted of the collection of bulk samples for metals and silica; and full-shift area and personal air samples for dust, metals, and respirable silica. Carcinogens, suspect carcinogens, and other toxic elements were detected in all bulk samples, and area and personal air samples...
May 16, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506017/prevalence-of-serious-psychological-distress-among-slaughterhouse-workers-at-a-united-states-beef-packing-plant
#19
Jessica H Leibler, Patricia A Janulewicz, Melissa J Perry
BACKGROUND: Workers in the animal slaughter and processing industry in the United States experience high rates of occupational injury as well as stressful work conditions, yet mental health in this workforce remains largely unstudied. OBJECTIVE: To assess prevalence of serious psychological distress (SPD) in a sample of industrial US slaughterhouse workers. PARTICIPANTS: Workers at an industrial beef packing plant in Nebraska, United States (n = 137)...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446739/suspected-cutaneous-leishmaniasis-in-a-sample-of-westerns-sicily-residents-what-correlation-with-occupation
#20
Maria Gabriella Verso, Fabrizio Vitale, Germano Castelli, Federica Bruno, Antonella Migliazzo, Maria Rita Bongiorno, Fiorella Santi, Giuseppe Pistone, Emanuele Amodio, Diego Picciotto
BACKGROUND: Leishmaniasis is a widespread infectious disease, but there is not much information about its prevalence in high risk occupational categories. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study is to assess the prevalence of Leishmania immunological positivity in human skin tissues collected from subjects living in Western Sicily, with suspected cutaneous Leishmania infection, in order to explore the risk possibly related to occupation. METHODS: 318 consecutive subjects (M/F ratio=1...
April 21, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
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