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Occupational health surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913810/an-integrative-review-of-text-message-reminders-for-medical-surveillance-examinations
#1
REVIEW
Tammy Lockhart, Gordon Lee Gillespie, Valorie Grant
The purpose of this integrative review was to evaluate the use of text message (TM) reminders to promote timely medical surveillance examinations (MSEs). Notifying employees of scheduled MSE appointments is challenging. Text messaging can be used by occupational health nurses to remind employees of needed examinations. SCOPUS was searched for relevant studies between 2005 and 2015, resulting in nine articles meeting inclusion criteria. Seven of the nine articles reported significant improvement in attendance rates, with one study demonstrating no-show rates could be reduced by 51% using TM reminders...
December 2, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27906909/asthma-among-employed-adults-by-industry-and-occupation-21-states-2013
#2
Katelynn E Dodd, Jacek M Mazurek
Workers in various industries and occupations are at risk for work-related asthma* (1). Data from the 2006-2007 adult Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) Asthma Call-back Survey (ACBS), an in-depth asthma survey conducted with respondents who report an asthma diagnosis, from 33 states indicated that up to 48% of adult current asthma might be related to work and could therefore potentially be prevented (2). Identification of the industries and occupations with increased prevalence of asthma might inform work-related asthma intervention and prevention efforts...
December 2, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27902453/environmental-and-occupational-exposure-to-cadmium-in-iran-a-systematic-review
#3
Leila Tavakkoli, Narges Khanjani
INTRODUCTION: Cadmium (Cd) is one of the heavy metals that have negative effects on human health. In Iran, there is no policy to regularly measure Cd in the general population. However, some studies have been performed on special groups and in different cities of Iran. This paper has reviewed these studies and human contamination levels in Iran. METHOD AND MATERIALS: All accessible electronic information resources such as Scientific Information Database (SID), Magiran, IranMedex, PubMed, Web of Knowledge, Google Scholar and Science Direct were searched, with relevant phrases and their Persian translations...
December 1, 2016: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899148/undereporting-of-acute-pesticide-poisoning-in-tanzania-modelling-results-from-two-cross-sectional-studies
#4
Elikana E Lekei, Aiwerasia V Ngowi, Leslie London
BACKGROUND: Acute pesticide poisoning (APP) is known to cause serious injuries to end users globally but the magnitude of this problem in Tanzania is not well known. This study aimed to determine the extent and pattern of underreporting of APP in Tanzania to inform the development of a surveillance system and appropriate interventions. METHODS: This study integrates findings from two recent Tanzanian studies. A household survey established the proportion of poisoned farmers in a typical rural area who reported to hospital for a pesticide poisoning...
November 29, 2016: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894679/use-of-the-lymphocyte-cytokinesis-block-micronucleus-assay-in-occupational-biomonitoring-of-genome-damage-caused-by-in-vivo-exposure-to-chemical-genotoxins-past-present-and-future
#5
REVIEW
Armen Nersesyan, Michael Fenech, Claudia Bolognesi, Miroslav Mišík, Tahereh Setayesh, Georg Wultsch, Stefano Bonassi, Philip Thomas, Siegfried Knasmüller
This article concerns the use of the lymphocyte cytokinesis-block micronucleus (CBMN) assay in biomonitoring of occupational and environmental exposures to genotoxic agents. Furthermore, we evaluated the use of this method in different exposure scenarios, in comparison to other DNA damage biomarkers and its regional distribution. So far ca. 400 studies have been published and the number increased substantially in the last years. The most frequently investigated groups are hospital personnel, followed by workers in the chemical industry and agricultural workers...
October 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869954/-reporting-of-work-related-mental-disorders-among-workers-in-bahia-a-descriptive-study-2007-2012
#6
Técia Maria Santos Carneiro E Cordeiro, Amália Ivine Santana Mattos, Mariana de Castro Brandão Cardoso, Kionna Oliveira Bernardes Santos, Tânia Maria de Araújo
OBJECTIVE: to describe characteristics of work-related mental disorder (WRMD) cases in the State of Bahia, Brazil, 2007-2012. METHODS: this was a descriptive study using Bahia Surveillance and Health Protection Superintendents Office data kept on the Notifiable Diseases Information System (Sinan). RESULTS: 211 cases of WRMD were reported, 97.0% in the Worker's Health Reference Centers (CEREST), with more reported cases in 2011 (n=63; 29.9%); slightly more than half the cases were found among men (n=108; 51...
April 2016: Epidemiologia e Servicos de Saude: Revista do Sistema Unico de Saude do Brasil
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27869243/personal-risk-factors-for-carpal-tunnel-syndrome-in-female-visual-display-unit-workers
#7
Matteo Riccò, Silvia Cattani, Carlo Signorelli
OBJECTIVES: Carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) is the most common nerve entrapment syndrome, which since the beginning of the seventies has been linked to the keyboard and visual display unit (VDU). The objective of this study was to investigate the prevalence and personal factors associated with CTS in female VDU workers in Italy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Participants in this study were female adult subjects, working ≥ 20 h/week (N = 631, mean age 38.14±7.81 years, mean working age 12...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27866544/-effects-of-chronic-exposure-to-monochloroacetic-acid-on-the-lung-function-and-lymphocyte-subsets-in-occupational-exposed-workers
#8
T Meng, J Jia, P P Miao, M L Shen, Y Niu, Y F Dai
Objective: To investigate the effects of chronic exposure to monochloroacetic acid on the lung function and whole blood counts in occupational exposed workers, and provide new markers for occupational health surveillance. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional molecular epidemiology study of 121 workers who were occupationally exposed to monochloroacetic acid and 69 unexposed workers frequency-matched by age and smoking status from the same geographic region. The lung function was measured by portable lung function instrument, and the lymphocyte subsets were measured by flow cytometry...
September 20, 2016: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825196/-sentieri-renam-rationale-and-objectives
#9
Pietro Comba, Amerigo Zona, Roberta Pirastu, Caterina Bruno, Lucia Fazzo, Roberto Pasetto, Alessandra Binazzi, Marisa Corfiati, Alessandro Marinaccio
The purpose of the SENTIERI-ReNaM Project is to analyse the incidence of mesothelioma in Italian National Priority Contaminated Sites (NPCSs) in order to estimate the health impact of asbestos on resident populations, disentangling the role of occupational and environmental exposures. SENTIERI Project has provided the relevant information on geographic and demographic structure of NPCSs and on existing sources of contamination. The Italian National Mesothelioma Registry (ReNaM), that covers the whole country through its Regional Operational Centres (CORs), has made available the procedures for estimating the incidence of mesothelioma in NPCSs and for assessing occupational and environmental asbestos exposure of the individual cases...
September 2016: Epidemiologia e Prevenzione
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801392/a-review-of-occupational-injury-research-in-malaysia
#10
C S Ganesh, R Krishnan
A literature review of 16 papers on occupational injury research in Malaysia published during a 13-year period from 2000-2013 was carried out. The objective of this review and article selection was based on relevance to the research theme and mention of areas for future research. Most of the publications have focused on descriptive epidemiology, management practices, worker's knowledge, attitude, training, and rehabilitation services. The transportation, agriculture and construction sectors were found to be the most hazardous sectors and would benefit the most from Occupational Safety & Health (OSH) research and interventions...
June 2016: Medical Journal of Malaysia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785005/defining-and-targeting-health-disparities-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#11
REVIEW
Roy A Pleasants, Isaretta L Riley, David M Mannino
The global burden of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) continues to grow in part due to better outcomes in other major diseases and in part because a substantial portion of the worldwide population continues to be exposed to inhalant toxins. However, a disproportionate burden of COPD occurs in people of low socioeconomic status (SES) due to differences in health behaviors, sociopolitical factors, and social and structural environmental exposures. Tobacco use, occupations with exposure to inhalant toxins, and indoor biomass fuel (BF) exposure are more common in low SES populations...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27784953/injury-surveillance-and-safety-considerations-for-large-format-lead-acid-batteries-used-in-mining-applications
#12
Miguel Angel Reyes, Thomas Novak
Large lead-acid batteries are predominantly used throughout the mining industry to power haulage, utility, and personnel-carrier vehicles. Without proper operation and maintenance, the use of these batteries can introduce mechanical and electrical hazards, particularly in the confined, and potentially dangerous, environment of an underground coal mine. A review of the Mine Safety and Health Administration accident/illness/injury database reveals that a significant number of injuries occur during the maintenance and repair of lead-acid batteries...
March 2016: IEEE Transactions on Industry Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774718/a-review-of-the-public-health-management-of-shigellosis-in-australia-in-the-era-of-culture-independent-diagnostic-testing
#13
Alex Y C Tai, Marion Easton, Jess Encena, Jessica Rotty, Mary Valcanis, Benjamin P Howden, Simon Slota-Kan, Joy Gregory
OBJECTIVE: To review the national case definition for shigellosis following the introduction of culture independent diagnostic testing by clinical laboratories and provide evidence to reform jurisdictional public health practices for the management shigellosis., . METHODS: A review of all Australian jurisdictional public health guidelines for shigellosis was conducted. Victorian 2014 shigellosis data were analysed: demographics and risk factors for cases identified by conventional culture or culture-independent diagnostic methods were described...
October 23, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27757255/vector-control-response-in-a-post-flood-disaster-setting-honiara-solomon-islands-2014
#14
Matthew Shortus, Jennie Musto, Hugo Bugoro, Charles Butafa, Alison Sio, Cynthia Joshua
PROBLEM: The close quartering and exposed living conditions in evacuation centres and the potential increase in vector density after flooding in Solomon Islands resulted in an increased risk of exposure for the occupants to vectorborne diseases. CONTEXT: In April 2014, Solomon Islands experienced a flash flooding event that affected many areas and displaced a large number of people. In the capital, Honiara, nearly 10 000 people were housed in emergency evacuation centres at the peak of the post-flood emergency...
January 2016: Western Pacific Surveillance and Response Journal: WPSAR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754819/wildland-fire-fighter-deaths-in-the-united-states-a-comparison-of-existing-surveillance-systems
#15
Corey Butler, Suzanne Marsh, Joseph W Domitrovich, Jim Helmkamp
BACKGROUND: Wildland fire fighting is a high-risk occupation requiring considerable physical and psychological demands. Multiple agencies publish fatality summaries for wildland fire fighters; however, the reported number and types vary. At least five different surveillance systems capture deaths, each with varying case definitions and case inclusion/exclusion criteria. Four are population-level systems and one is case-based. System differences create challenges to accurately characterize fatalities...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754800/synthetic-biology-and-occupational-risk
#16
John Howard, Vladimir Murashov, Paul Schulte
Synthetic biology is an emerging interdisciplinary field of biotechnology that involves applying the principles of engineering and chemical design to biological systems. Biosafety professionals have done an excellent job in addressing research laboratory safety as synthetic biology and gene editing have emerged from the larger field of biotechnology. Despite these efforts, risks posed by synthetic biology are of increasing concern as research procedures scale up to industrial processes in the larger bioeconomy...
October 18, 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736836/surveillance-for-silicosis-michigan-and-new-jersey-2003-2011
#17
Patricia L Schleiff, Jacek M Mazurek, Mary Jo Reilly, Kenneth D Rosenman, Martha B Yoder, Margaret E Lumia, Karen Worthington
CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), state health departments, and other state entities maintain a state-based surveillance program of confirmed silicosis cases. Data on confirmed cases are collected and compiled by state entities and submitted to CDC. This report summarizes information for cases of silicosis that were reported to CDC for 2003-2011 by Michigan and New Jersey, the only states that continue to provide data voluntarily to NIOSH. The data for this report were final as of January 8, 2015...
October 14, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736830/elevated-blood-lead-levels-among-employed-adults-united-states-1994-2013
#18
Walter A Alarcon
CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) and state health departments collect data on laboratory-reported adult blood lead levels (BLLs). This report presents data on elevated BLLs among employed adults (defined as persons aged ≥16 years) in the United States for 1994-2013. This report is a part of the Summary of Notifiable Noninfectious Conditions and Disease Outbreaks - United States, which encompasses various surveillance years but is being published in 2016 (1). The Summary of Notifiable Noninfectious Conditions and Disease Outbreaks appears in the same volume of the Morbidity Mortality Weekly Report (MMWR) as the annual Summary of Notifiable Infectious Diseases (2)...
October 14, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736825/acute-nonoccupational-pesticide-related-illness-and-injury-united-states-2007-2011
#19
Gonza Namulanda, Michele M Monti, Prakash Mulay, Sheila Higgins, Michelle Lackovic, Abby Schwartz, Joanne Bonnar Prado, Justin Waltz, Yvette Mitchell, Geoffrey M Calvert
CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) collects data on acute pesticide-related illness and injury reported by 12 states (California, Florida, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, North Carolina, Nebraska, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Texas, and Washington). This report summarizes the data on illnesses and injuries arising from nonoccupational exposure to conventional pesticides that were reported during 2007-2011. Conventional pesticides include insecticides, herbicides, fungicides, and fumigants...
October 14, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27736824/acute-occupational-pesticide-related-illness-and-injury-united-states-2007-2011
#20
Geoffrey M Calvert, John Beckman, Joanne Bonnar Prado, Heidi Bojes, Abby Schwartz, Prakash Mulay, Kathy Leinenkugel, Sheila Higgins, Michelle Lackovic, Justin Waltz, Derry Stover, Stephanie Moraga-McHaley
CDC's National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) collects data on acute pesticide-related illness and injury reported by 12 states (California, Florida, Iowa, Louisiana, Michigan, Nebraska, North Carolina, New Mexico, New York, Oregon, Texas, and Washington). This report summarizes the data on illnesses and injuries arising from occupational exposure to conventional pesticides from 2007 through 2011. This report is a part of the Summary of Notifiable Noninfectious Conditions and Disease Outbreaks - United States, which encompasses various surveillance years but is being published in 2016 (1)...
October 14, 2016: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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