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Occupational health surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152784/workplace-violence-injury-in-106-us-hospitals-participating-in-the-occupational-health-safety-network-ohsn-2012-2015
#1
Matthew R Groenewold, Raymond F R Sarmiento, Kelly Vanoli, William Raudabaugh, Susan Nowlin, Ahmed Gomaa
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence is a substantial occupational hazard for healthcare workers in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed workplace violence injury surveillance data submitted by hospitals participating in the Occupational Health Safety Network (OHSN) from 2012 to 2015. RESULTS: Data were frequently missing for several important variables. Nursing assistants (14.89, 95%CI 10.12-21.91) and nurses (8.05, 95%CI 6.14-10.55) had the highest crude workplace violence injury rates per 1000 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146634/knowledge-attitudes-and-intention-regarding-mhealth-in-generation-y-evidence-from-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-chakaria-bangladesh
#2
M Shafiqur Rahman, Syed Hanifi, Fatema Khatun, Mohammad Iqbal, Sabrina Rasheed, Tanvir Ahmed, Shahidul Hoque, Tamanna Sharmin, Nazib-Uz Zaman Khan, Shehrin Shaila Mahmood, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: mHealth offers a new opportunity to ensure access to qualified healthcare providers. Therefore, to better understand its potential in Bangladesh, it is important to understand how young people use mobile phones for healthcare. Here we examine the knowledge, attitudes and intentions to use mHealth services among young population. DESIGN: Population based cross sectional household survey. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4909 respondents, aged 18 years and above, under the Chakaria Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) area, were interviewed during the period November 2012 to April 2013...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141963/current-and-new-challenges-in-occupational-lung-diseases
#3
REVIEW
Sara De Matteis, Dick Heederik, Alex Burdorf, Claudio Colosio, Paul Cullinan, Paul K Henneberger, Ann Olsson, Anne Raynal, Jos Rooijackers, Tiina Santonen, Joaquin Sastre, Vivi Schlünssen, Martie van Tongeren, Torben Sigsgaard
Occupational lung diseases are an important public health issue and are avoidable through preventive interventions in the workplace. Up-to-date knowledge about changes in exposure to occupational hazards as a result of technological and industrial developments is essential to the design and implementation of efficient and effective workplace preventive measures. New occupational agents with unknown respiratory health effects are constantly introduced to the market and require periodic health surveillance among exposed workers to detect early signs of adverse respiratory effects...
December 31, 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126176/hand-arm-vibration-in-orthopaedic-surgery-a-neglected-risk
#4
F Mahmood, K B Ferguson, J Clarke, K Hill, E B Macdonald, D J M Macdonald
Background: Hand-arm vibration syndrome is an occupational disease caused by exposure to hand-arm transmitted vibration. The Health and Safety Executive has set limits for vibration exposure, including an exposure action value (EAV), where steps should be taken to reduce exposure, and an exposure limit value (ELV), beyond which vibrating equipment must not be used for the rest of the working day. Aims: To measure hand-arm transmitted vibration among orthopaedic surgeons, who routinely use hand-operated saws...
November 6, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114957/sinonasal-cancer-in-the-italian-national-surveillance-system-epidemiology-occupation-and-public-health-implications
#5
Alessandra Binazzi, Marisa Corfiati, Davide Di Marzio, Anna M Cacciatore, Jana Zajacovà, Carolina Mensi, Paolo Galli, Lucia Miligi, Roberto Calisti, Elisa Romeo, Alessandro Franchi, Alessandro Marinaccio
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal cancer (SNC) is a rare tumor with predominant occupational etiology associated with exposures to specific carcinogens. The aim of this study is to describe SNC cases recorded in Italy in the period 2000-2016. METHODS: Clinical information, occupational history, and lifestyle habits of SNC cases collected in the Italian Sinonasal Cancer Register were examined. Age-standardized rates were estimated. RESULTS: Overall, 1529 cases were recorded...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084128/the-effects-of-improving-the-mesothelioma-surveillance-network-on-sensitivity-timeliness-in-reporting-and-asbestos-exposure-assessment
#6
Lucia Mangone, Enza Di Felice, Cinzia Storchi, Antonio Romanelli, Serena Broccoli, Massimo Vicentini, Paolo Giorgi Rossi
BACKGROUND: In Italy, Mesothelioma Registries (MRs) have been established by law for the epidemiological surveillance of occupational cancers. MRs collect information about asbestos exposure of incident cases, through interviews. In the Emilia-Romagna region, MR was implemented in 1996 and extended its network of health professionals who report suspected mesothelioma in 2001 and 2007. OBJECTIVES: This study evaluated the impact of the extension of the network on MR sensitivity and timeliness...
October 27, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069194/worker-s-surveillance-in-the-primary-care-learning-with-family-health-team-of-jo%C3%A3-o-pessoa-para%C3%A3-ba-brazil
#7
Luciana de Assis Amorim, Thais Lacerda E Silva, Horácio Pereira de Faria, Jorge Mesquita Huet Machado, Elizabeth Costa Dias
This study analyzed the Worker's Surveillance activities of Family Health teams, based on the perceptions of physicians and nurses in the city of João Pessoa. We used a 30-question questionnaire split into four blocks: data on the professional, occupational healthcare practices focusing on the production and epidemiological profile, and matrix and institutional support to the teams. A total of 179 professionals participated, 82% of them were female, and 46% aged 50 or more; 60% had worked in the area for more than 10 years...
October 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069193/surveillance-of-occupational-accidents-by-sentinel-workers-health-centers-in-the-municipality-of-fortaleza-northeast-of-brazil
#8
Marcelo José Monteiro Ferreira, Romênia Kelly Soares de Lima, Ageo Mário Cândido da Silva, José Gomes Bezerra, Luciano Pamplona de Góes Cavalcanti
This article examines the factors associated with the notification of occupational accidents by sentinel workers' health centers in the municipality of Fortaleza in the northeast of Brazil. An analytical cross-sectional study was conducted of five sentinel workers' health centers for serious and fatal occupational accidents. A total of 354 interviews were conducted with professionals responsible for notifying occupational accidents. Bivariate analysis was conducted using Pearson's chi-square test and/or Fisher's exact test using prevalence ratios and 95% confidence intervals, followed by stratified analysis and multivariate Poisson regression adopting the stepwise forward method...
October 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069187/analysis-of-individuals-with-leukemia-cancer-surveillance-system-limitations
#9
Elisane Silveira Moraes, Marcia Sarpa de Campos Mello, Fernanda de Albuquerque Melo Nogueira, Ubirani Barros Otero, Flávia Nascimento de Carvalho
Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the world with great impact on public health and leukemia is a hematological cancer directly related to different exposures at work. This study aimed to describe the occupational profile of individuals diagnosed with leukemia. This is a cross-sectional study of cases registered between 2007 and 2011 in the Integrador RHC database. Individuals from 26 Brazilian states, aged 20 years or older, were included. Of the 7,807 cases of leukemia, Minas Gerais recorded the highest occurrence (1,351)...
October 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066032/-night-workers-exposure-to-harshness-factors-in-france-lessons-learned-from-the-2010%C3%A2-sumer-survey
#10
N Havet, M Huguet, J Tonietta
BACKGROUND: Despite the fact that French laws state that night work should be exceptional, the number of night workers has sharply increased in the past 20 years. At the same time, empirical and epidemiological studies indicate that night work has negative effects on workers' health. This is why the 2010 French pension act considered night work to be a drudgery. The aim of this study is to investigate whether night workers are more subject to other factors defined as contributing to the drudgery of work than are day workers...
November 2017: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064072/physicians-professional-performance-an-occupational-health-psychology-perspective
#11
Renée A Scheepers
INTRODUCTION: Physician work engagement is considered to benefit physicians' professional performance in clinical teaching practice. Following an occupational health psychology perspective, this PhD report presents research on how physicians' professional performance in both doctor and teacher roles can be facilitated by work engagement and how work engagement is facilitated by job resources and personality traits. METHODS: First, we conducted a systematic review on the impact of physician work engagement and related constructs (e...
October 24, 2017: Perspectives on Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061601/the-prevalence-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-northwest-ethiopia-survey-of-dabat-health-and-demographic-surveillance-system
#12
Solomon Mekonnen Abebe, Gashaw Andargie, Alemayehu Shimeka, Kassahun Alemu, Yigzaw Kebede, Mamo Wubeshet, Amare Tariku, Abebaw Gebeyehu, Mulugeta Bayisa, Mezgebu Yitayal, Tadesse Awoke, Temesgen Azmeraw, Melkamu Birku
OBJECTIVE: The main objective of this study was to investigate the magnitude and associated factors of non-communicable chronic diseases (NCDs) at the Dabat Health and Demographic Surveillance System (DHDSS) site in the northwestern part of Ethiopia. DESIGN: A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted from October to December 2014. SETTING: HDSS site, Ethiopia. PARTICIPANTS: A total population of 67 397 living in 16 053 households was included in the study...
October 22, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055177/pesticide-management-approach-towards-protecting-the-safety-and-health-of-farmers-in-southeast-asia
#13
REVIEW
Norsyazwani Mohammad, Emilia Zainal Abidin, Vivien How, Sarva Mangala Praveena, Zailina Hashim
BACKGROUND: It is estimated that pesticide production and use have increased continuously in the countries of Southeast Asia in recent years. Within the context of protecting the safety and health of workers in the agricultural sector, there is an existing gap in the implementation of the pesticide management framework because safety and health effects arising from occupational exposures continue to be reported. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to provide narrative similarities, differences and weaknesses of the existing pesticide management system in Southeast Asian countries (Brunei, Cambodia, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam) within the context of occupational safety and health...
October 21, 2017: Reviews on Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019349/do-workers-health-surveillance-examinations-fulfill-their-occupational-preventive-objective-analysis-of-the-medical-practice-of-occupational-physicians-in-catalonia-spain
#14
Mari Cruz Rodríguez-Jareño, Emilia Molinero, Jaume de Montserrat, Antoni Vallès, Marta Aymerich
OBJECTIVES: Although routine workers' health examinations are extensively performed worldwide with important resource allocation, few studies have analyzed their quality. The objective of this study has been to analyze the medical practice of workers' health examinations in Catalonia (Spain) in terms of its occupational preventive aim. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out by means of an online survey addressed to occupational physicians who were members of the Catalan Society of Safety and Occupational Medicine...
October 6, 2017: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017568/polychlorinated-biphenyls-and-depression-cross-sectional-and-longitudinal-investigation-of-a-dopamine-related-neurochemical-path-in-the-german-helpcb-surveillance-program
#15
Petra Maria Gaum, Monika Gube, Thomas Schettgen, Franziska Maria Putschögl, Thomas Kraus, Bruno Fimm, Jessica Lang
BACKGROUND: Exposure to polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) is associated with depressive symptomatology. A cause of depressive symptoms is a disturbance in the neurotransmitter system of dopamine (DA). Animal as well as human studies report that PCBs can influence the DA system. This study examined whether PCB-related depressive symptoms are affected by DA metabolites in humans with high PCB body burden. METHODS: This study is part of the German HELPcB surveillance program (Health Effects in high Level exposure to PCB) for occupationally exposed workers and their relatives...
October 10, 2017: Environmental Health: a Global Access Science Source
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016829/differential-reporting-of-work-related-mental-ill-health-in-doctors
#16
A Y Zhou, M Carder, L Hussey, M Gittins, R Agius
Background: Evidence suggests that the medical profession is reluctant to report mental ill-health despite its high prevalence. Aims: To compare differential reporting patterns in the incidence of work-related mental ill-health (WRMIH) affecting doctors with selected comparison occupational groups, as determined by surveillance by general practitioners (GPs), specialist psychiatrists and occupational physicians (OPs). Methods: New cases of medically reported WRMIH were reported prospectively between 2006 and 2009 by GPs, psychiatrists and OPs as part of The Health and Occupation Research (THOR) network...
August 4, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016828/workers-health-surveillance-implementation-of-the-directive-89-391-eec-in-europe
#17
C Colosio, S Mandic-Rajcevic, L Godderis, G van der Laan, C Hulshof, F van Dijk
Background: European Union (EU) Directive 89/391 addressed occupational health surveillance, which recommends to provide workers with 'access to health surveillance at regular intervals', aiming to prevent work-related and occupational diseases. Aims: To investigate how EU countries adopted this Directive. Methods: We invited one selected representative per member state to complete a questionnaire. Results: All 28 EU countries implemented the Directive in some form...
August 19, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016586/preference-of-food-items-and-physical-activity-of-peri-urban-children-in-bhaktapur
#18
Abhinav Vaidya, Natalia Oli, Alexandra Krettek, Gabriele Eiben
BACKGROUND: Though cardiovascular diseases are mostly seen in adulthood, the foundation of diet and physical activity is largely formed during childhood. The study aimed to explore children's preference for diet and physical activity in a peri-urban area of Nepal because this is an important dimension to explore in the life-course approach to combat non-communicable diseases. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study to enquire young peri-urban children of Duwakot and Jhaukhel villages of Bhaktapur district, Nepal on their preferences for diet and physical activity...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991808/are-workplace-psychosocial-factors-associated-with-work-related-injury-in-the-us-workforce-national-health-interview-survey-2010
#19
Yvonne Farnacio, Michael E Pratt, Elizabeth G Marshall, Judith M Graber
INTRODUCTION: Psychosocial hazards in the workplace may adversely impact occupational and general health, including injury risk. METHODS: Among 16,417 adult workers in the 2010 National Health Interview Survey Occupational Health Supplement, weighted prevalence estimates were calculated for work-related injuries (WRI) and any injuries. The association between injury and psychosocial occupational hazards (job insecurity, work-family imbalance, hostile work environment) was assessed adjusting for sociodemographic and occupational factors...
October 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985440/mesothelioma-incidence-and-asbestos-exposure-in-italian-national-priority-contaminated-sites
#20
Alessandra Binazzi, Alessandro Marinaccio, Marisa Corfiati, Caterina Bruno, Lucia Fazzo, Roberto Pasetto, Roberta Pirastu, Annibale Biggeri, Dolores Catelan, Pietro Comba, Amerigo Zona
Objectives This study aimed to (i) describe mesothelioma incidence in the Italian national priority contaminated sites (NPCS) on the basis of data available from the Italian National Mesothelioma Registry (ReNaM) and (ii) profile NPCS using Bayesian rank analysis. Methods Incident cases of mesothelioma and standardized incidence ratios (SIR) were estimated for both genders in each of the 39 selected NPCS in the period 2000-2011. Age-standardized rates of Italian geographical macro areas were used to estimate expected cases...
November 1, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
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