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Occupational health surveillance

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350393/is-it-possible-to-improve-compliance-in-hypertension-and-reduce-therapeutic-inertia-of-physicians-by-mandatory-periodical-examinations-of-workers
#1
Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Michał Plewka, Wojciech Hanke, Paweł Kałużny, Marta Wiszniewska, Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
BACKGROUND: Due to high prevalence, insufficient recognition and ineffectual treatment, hypertension (HT) still remains a major medical and socio-economic problem. There is a real necessity to develop effective prophylaxis for cardiovascular disorders (CVD), based on strategies which support compliance during long-term therapy. The Polish scheme of occupational health services (OHS) with mandatory periodical employee check-ups creates a unique opportunity for effective HT prophylaxis...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29342235/estimation-of-lead-exposure-prevalence-in-korean-population-through-combining-multiple-experts-judgment-based-on-objective-data-sources
#2
Dong-Hee Koh, Ju-Hyun Park, Sang-Gil Lee, Hwan-Cheol Kim, Sangjun Choi, Hyejung Jung, Jae-Oh Park, Dong-Uk Park
Objective: Estimating carcinogen exposure prevalence is important for preventing occupational cancers. To develop the Korean version of CARcinogen EXposure (CAREX), a carcinogen surveillance system used in many countries, we estimated lead exposure prevalence in the Korean working population. Methods: We used three Korean nationwide data sources to obtain objective database-derived prevalences of lead exposure across industries: airborne lead measurement data from the work environment measurement database (WEMD), blood lead measurement data from the special health examination database (SHED), and lead exposure prevalence computed using data from the work environment condition survey (WECS), which is a nationwide occupational exposure survey...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331279/dynamics-of-spatiotemporal-distribution-of-schistosomiasis-in-hubei-province-china
#3
Yan-Yan Chen, Jian-Bing Liu, Yong Jiang, Guo Li, Xiao-Wei Shan, Juan Zhang, Shun-Xiang Cai, Xi-Bao Huang
Schistosomiasis caused by parasitic flatworms of blood flukes, remains a major public health concern in China. The significant progress in controlling schistosomiasis in China over the past decades has resulted in the remarkable reduction in the prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma japonicum infection to an extremely low level. Therefore, the elimination of schistosomiasis has been promoted by the Chinese national government. Hubei Province is the major endemic area, that is, along the middle and low reaches of the Yangtze River in the lake and marshland regions of southern China...
January 10, 2018: Acta Tropica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29324056/cardiopulmonary-effects-induced-by-occupational-exposure-to-titanium-dioxide-nanoparticles
#4
Lin Zhao, Yifang Zhu, Zhangjian Chen, Huadong Xu, Jingwen Zhou, Shichuan Tang, Zhizhen Xu, Fanling Kong, Xinwei Li, Yifei Zhang, Xianzuo Li, Ji Zhang, Guang Jia
Although some toxicological studies have reported that exposure to titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nano-TiO2) may elicit adverse cardiopulmonary effects, related data collected from human are currently limited. The purpose of this study is to explore cardiopulmonary effects among workers who were exposed to nano-TiO2 and to identify biomarkers associated with exposure. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a nano-TiO2 manufacturing plant in eastern China. Exposure assessment and characterization of TiO2 particles were performed in a packaging workshop...
January 11, 2018: Nanotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317702/surveillance-of-vector-borne-pathogens-under-imperfect-detection-lessons-from-chagas-disease-risk-mis-measurement
#5
Thaís Tâmara Castro Minuzzi-Souza, Nadjar Nitz, César Augusto Cuba Cuba, Luciana Hagström, Mariana Machado Hecht, Camila Santana, Marcelle Ribeiro, Tamires Emanuele Vital, Marcelo Santalucia, Monique Knox, Marcos Takashi Obara, Fernando Abad-Franch, Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves
Vector-borne pathogens threaten human health worldwide. Despite their critical role in disease prevention, routine surveillance systems often rely on low-complexity pathogen detection tests of uncertain accuracy. In Chagas disease surveillance, optical microscopy (OM) is routinely used for detecting Trypanosoma cruzi in its vectors. Here, we use replicate T. cruzi detection data and hierarchical site-occupancy models to assess the reliability of OM-based T. cruzi surveillance while explicitly accounting for false-negative and false-positive results...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316768/-progress-in-occupational-health-surveillance
#6
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29304043/the-spectrosome-of-occupational-health-problems
#7
Delphine Bosson-Rieutort, Régis de Gaudemaris, Dominique J Bicout
Given the increased prevalence of cancer, respiratory diseases, and reproductive disorders, for which multifactorial origins are strongly suspected, the impact of the environment on the population represents a substantial public health challenge. Surveillance systems have become an essential public health decision-making tool. Networks have been constructed to facilitate the development of analyses of the multifactorial aspects of the relationships between occupational contexts and health. The aim of this study is to develop and present an approach for the optimal exploitation of observational databases to describe and improve the understanding of the (occupational) environment-health relationships, taking into account key multifactorial aspects...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29286502/social-safety-and-medical-maintenance-of-the-labour-pool-in-surveillance-areas-of-the-nuclear-power-plants
#8
V A Prylipko, Yu Yu Ozerova, O V Kotsubinskij, M M Morozova, O O Petrychenko, I V Bondarenko
OBJECTIVE: To study the contentment of population of NPP surveillance areas i.e. monitoring zones with specific components of quality of life, namely the social security, medical care, and socio economic compensation of risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A sociological study of public opinion about the specific components of quality of life has been conducted in population of the NPP monitoring zone. A questionnaire with independent question blocks was developed. A non repeatable probabilistic selection was applied in population opinion poll...
December 2017: Problemy Radiat︠s︡iĭnoï Medyt︠s︡yny Ta Radiobiolohiï
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29258578/stunting-and-its-determinant-factors-among-children-aged-6-59%C3%A2-months-in-ethiopia
#9
Amare Tariku, Gashaw Andargie Biks, Terefe Derso, Molla Mesele Wassie, Solomon Mekonnen Abebe
BACKGROUND: Though Ethiopia has implemented different nutritional interventions, childhood stunting on which literature is limited continues as a severe public health problem. Thus, this study aimed to investigate stunting and its determinants among children aged 6-59 months in the predominantly rural northwest Ethiopia. METHODS: A community based cross-sectional study was conducted from May to June 2015 at Dabat Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) site...
December 19, 2017: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29241422/factors-associated-with-injury-among-employees-at-a-u-s-army-hospital
#10
Anna Schuh-Renner, Michelle Canham-Chervak, Darren W Hearn, P Ann Loveless, Bruce H Jones
The purpose of this study was to investigate injury incidence and factors associated with injury among employees at a large U.S. Army hospital to inform injury prevention planning and health promotion education efforts. Demographics, health behaviors, and injury history were collected by survey from hospital employees between October and December 2014. Descriptive statistics were reported and factors associated with injury were determined using multiple logistic regression. Respondents (380; 56% females, 44% males; 54% active duty military, 45% civilians) reported a prevalence of unhealthy behaviors (e...
December 1, 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240040/effects-of-the-work-limitations-on-the-career-path-of-a-cohort-of-health-workers
#11
Donatella Talini, Gianpaolo Romeo, Alberto Baldasseroni, Aldo Mignani, Alfonso Cristaudo
BACKGROUND: The median age of the workforce, and of healthcare workers in particular, is increasing, resulting in a reduced work capacity. This may prompt the occupational physician to issue fitness for work limitations. OBJECTIVES: To examine the health surveillance data collected over 20 years on the employees of a large healthcare institution to identify the effects of the limitations imposed on their career paths. METHODS: The database of health surveillance records gathered over the years was analysed using the same dedicated software...
December 14, 2017: La Medicina del Lavoro
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215915/perspectives-on-the-relevance-of-the-circadian-time-structure-to-workplace-threshold-limit-values-and-employee-biological-monitoring
#12
Michael H Smolensky, Alain E Reinberg, Linda Sackett-Lundeen
The circadian time structure (CTS) and its disruption by rotating and nightshift schedules relative to work performance, accident risk, and health/wellbeing have long been areas of occupational medicine research. Yet, there has been little exploration of the relevance of the CTS to setting short-term, time-weighted, and ceiling threshold limit values (TLVs); conducting employee biological monitoring (BM); and establishing normative reference biological exposure indices (BEIs). Numerous publications during the past six decades document the CTS substantially affects the disposition - absorption, distribution, metabolism, and elimination - and effects of medications...
December 7, 2017: Chronobiology International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200189/medical-surveillance-for-hazardous-drugs-a-qualitative-assessment-of-current-practices
#13
Richard D Newcomb, Rosemary Frasso, Phoebe Cruz, Laura E Breeher, Robin G Molella, Judith Green-McKenzie
OBJECTIVE: The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health recommends that institutions establish a medical surveillance program for workers who handle hazardous drugs. Our aim was to investigate current practices with occupational medicine practice (OMP) national leaders. METHODS: A series of qualitative telephone interviews were conducted with 11 OMP national leaders from medical centers in 10 states. Interviews were recorded, transcribed, and coded using a directed content analysis...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174081/tdap-vaccination-among-healthcare-personnel-21-states-2013
#14
Alissa C O'Halloran, Peng-Jun Lu, Sarah A Meyer, Walter W Williams, Pamela K Schumacher, Aaron L Sussell, Jan E Birdsey, Winifred L Boal, Marie Haring Sweeney, Sara E Luckhaupt, Carla L Black, Tammy A Santibanez
INTRODUCTION: Outbreaks of pertussis can occur in healthcare settings. Vaccinating healthcare personnel may be helpful in protecting healthcare personnel from pertussis and potentially limiting spread to others in healthcare settings. METHODS: Data from 21 states using the 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System industry/occupation module were analyzed in 2016. Tetanus, diphtheria, and acellular pertussis (Tdap) vaccination status was self-reported by healthcare personnel along with their occupation, healthcare setting/industry, demographics, and access to care factors...
November 16, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165683/systematic-review-occupational-illness-in-the-waste-and-recycling-sector
#15
C J M Poole, S Basu
Background: The waste and recycling sector is a growing part of industry. Whether health surveillance is indicated and how it should be undertaken is unclear. Aims: To undertake a review of the literature to identify hazards to health, biological effects and occupational illnesses for workers in the sector. Methods: A systematic review of the published literature and two UK databases. Results: Rates of fatal, non-fatal injuries and self-reported work-related illness were found to be higher in the waste and recycling sector than in UK industry as a whole...
December 2, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29152784/workplace-violence-injury-in-106-us-hospitals-participating-in-the-occupational-health-safety-network-ohsn-2012-2015
#16
Matthew R Groenewold, Raymond F R Sarmiento, Kelly Vanoli, William Raudabaugh, Susan Nowlin, Ahmed Gomaa
BACKGROUND: Workplace violence is a substantial occupational hazard for healthcare workers in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed workplace violence injury surveillance data submitted by hospitals participating in the Occupational Health Safety Network (OHSN) from 2012 to 2015. RESULTS: Data were frequently missing for several important variables. Nursing assistants (14.89, 95%CI 10.12-21.91) and nurses (8.05, 95%CI 6.14-10.55) had the highest crude workplace violence injury rates per 1000 full-time equivalent (FTE) workers...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29146634/knowledge-attitudes-and-intention-regarding-mhealth-in-generation-y-evidence-from-a-population-based-cross-sectional-study-in-chakaria-bangladesh
#17
M Shafiqur Rahman, Syed Hanifi, Fatema Khatun, Mohammad Iqbal, Sabrina Rasheed, Tanvir Ahmed, Shahidul Hoque, Tamanna Sharmin, Nazib-Uz Zaman Khan, Shehrin Shaila Mahmood, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: mHealth offers a new opportunity to ensure access to qualified healthcare providers. Therefore, to better understand its potential in Bangladesh, it is important to understand how young people use mobile phones for healthcare. Here we examine the knowledge, attitudes and intentions to use mHealth services among young population. DESIGN: Population based cross sectional household survey. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: A total of 4909 respondents, aged 18 years and above, under the Chakaria Health and Demographic Surveillance System (HDSS) area, were interviewed during the period November 2012 to April 2013...
November 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141963/current-and-new-challenges-in-occupational-lung-diseases
#18
REVIEW
Sara De Matteis, Dick Heederik, Alex Burdorf, Claudio Colosio, Paul Cullinan, Paul K Henneberger, Ann Olsson, Anne Raynal, Jos Rooijackers, Tiina Santonen, Joaquin Sastre, Vivi Schlünssen, Martie van Tongeren, Torben Sigsgaard
Occupational lung diseases are an important public health issue and are avoidable through preventive interventions in the workplace. Up-to-date knowledge about changes in exposure to occupational hazards as a result of technological and industrial developments is essential to the design and implementation of efficient and effective workplace preventive measures. New occupational agents with unknown respiratory health effects are constantly introduced to the market and require periodic health surveillance among exposed workers to detect early signs of adverse respiratory effects...
December 31, 2017: European Respiratory Review: An Official Journal of the European Respiratory Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126176/hand-arm-vibration-in-orthopaedic-surgery-a-neglected-risk
#19
F Mahmood, K B Ferguson, J Clarke, K Hill, E B Macdonald, D J M Macdonald
Background: Hand-arm vibration syndrome is an occupational disease caused by exposure to hand-arm transmitted vibration. The Health and Safety Executive has set limits for vibration exposure, including an exposure action value (EAV), where steps should be taken to reduce exposure, and an exposure limit value (ELV), beyond which vibrating equipment must not be used for the rest of the working day. Aims: To measure hand-arm transmitted vibration among orthopaedic surgeons, who routinely use hand-operated saws...
November 6, 2017: Occupational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114957/sinonasal-cancer-in-the-italian-national-surveillance-system-epidemiology-occupation-and-public-health-implications
#20
Alessandra Binazzi, Marisa Corfiati, Davide Di Marzio, Anna M Cacciatore, Jana Zajacovà, Carolina Mensi, Paolo Galli, Lucia Miligi, Roberto Calisti, Elisa Romeo, Alessandro Franchi, Alessandro Marinaccio
BACKGROUND: Sinonasal cancer (SNC) is a rare tumor with predominant occupational etiology associated with exposures to specific carcinogens. The aim of this study is to describe SNC cases recorded in Italy in the period 2000-2016. METHODS: Clinical information, occupational history, and lifestyle habits of SNC cases collected in the Italian Sinonasal Cancer Register were examined. Age-standardized rates were estimated. RESULTS: Overall, 1529 cases were recorded...
November 7, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
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