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Occupational health surveillance

N Tehrani
Background: Working with victims and offenders of child abuse can impact on the health and well-being of police officers and staff. Aims: To identify the effects of tenure, work ability, gender and a personal experience of child abuse on symptoms of anxiety, depression and primary and secondary trauma in child abuse investigators (CAIs). Methods: Screening questionnaires were sent to police officers and staff. The officers and staff worked in child protection in seven police forces...
March 13, 2018: Occupational Medicine
Frank G Sandmann, Laura Shallcross, Natalie Adams, David J Allen, Pietro G Coen, Annette Jeanes, Zisis Kozlakidis, Lesley Larkin, Fatima Wurie, Julie V Robotham, Mark Jit, Sarah R Deeny
Background: Norovirus places a substantial burden on healthcare systems, arising from infected patients, disease outbreaks, beds kept unoccupied for infection control, and staff absences due to infection. In settings with high rates of bed occupancy, opportunity costs arise from patients who cannot be admitted due to beds being unavailable. With several treatments and vaccines against norovirus in development, quantifying the expected economic burden is timely. Methods: The number of inpatients with norovirus-associated gastroenteritis in England were modelled using infectious and non-infectious gastrointestinal Hospital Episode Statistics codes and laboratory reports of gastrointestinal pathogens collected at Public Health England...
February 26, 2018: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
Elisabetta Chellini, Francesca Battisti, Alfonso Cristaudo, Pietro Sartorelli, Piergiuseppe Calà
Asbestos-related diseases usually have a long latency since first exposure and this legitimates a health surveillance programme addressed to asbestos workers after the cessation of their occupational exposure. After a brief history of health surveillance initiatives performed in Italy as well as in other countries, we describe a regional programme for former asbestos-exposed workers, focusing on organizational features. A regional group of experts defined its operational and economical aspects. The Regional Council supported the whole programme, making it free of charge for all subjects who fulfil the predefined enrolment criteria (being resident in the region, being younger than 80 years old with cessation of occupational asbestos exposure within the last 30 years)...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Alessandro Marinaccio, Alessandra Binazzi, Michela Bonafede, Davide Di Marzio, Alberto Scarselli
Background: As a legacy of the large asbestos consumption until the definitive ban in 1992, Italy is currently suffering a severe epidemic of asbestos related diseases. The aim of this paper is to describe the surveillance system for mesothelioma incidence and to provide evidences regarding the occurrence of the disease in Italy and the circumstances of asbestos exposure. Methods: Italian National Register of Malignant Mesotheliomas (ReNaM) is a permanent surveillance system of mesothelioma incidence, with Regional Operating Centres (CORs) active in each Italian region, identifying incident malignant mesothelioma (MM) cases from health care structures...
January 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Gary O'Donovan, Emmanuel Stamatakis, David J Stensel, Mark Hamer
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of vigorous-intensity leisure-time physical activity in reducing cardiovascular disease (CVD) mortality risk in the obese. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: Trained interviewers assessed physical activity and body mass index (BMI; calculated as the weight in kilograms divided by the height in meters squared) in 59,005 adult participants (mean ± SD age, 57±12 years; 46.5% male) in 2 household-based surveillance studies: Health Survey for England and Scottish Health Survey...
March 2, 2018: Mayo Clinic Proceedings
X Wang, M L Li, H J Tang, Q Zeng
Objective: To understand the status of occupational health surveillance to workers exposed to toxic environment in a city, so as to provide scientific basis for strategy of occupational diseases prevention. Methods: In January 2017, collecting the data of on-the-job poisonous and harmful workers occupational health surveillance in the city from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2016 in China Information System for Disease Control and Prevention, the trend of occupational health monitoring in the city was analyzed, and the differences between diverseeconomic types, enterprise scale, industry nature and hazard factors were analyzed and compared...
December 20, 2017: Chinese Journal of Industrial Hygiene and Occupational Diseases
Jeavana Sritharan, Jill MacLeod, Shelley Harris, Donald C Cole, Anne Harris, Michael Tjepkema, Paul A Peters, Paul A Demers
As there are no well-established modifiable risk factors for prostate cancer, further evidence is needed on possible factors such as occupation. Our study uses one of the largest Canadian worker cohorts to examine occupation, industry, and prostate cancer and to assess patterns of prostate cancer rates. The Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC) was established by linking the 1991 Canadian Census Cohort to the Canadian Cancer Database (1969-2010), Canadian Mortality Database (1991-2011), and Tax Summary Files (1981-2011)...
March 1, 2018: Cancer Medicine
Valentina Paolucci, Riccardo Romeo, Antonietta Gerardina Sisinni, Giuseppina Scancarello, Luca Volterrani, Maria Antonietta Mazzei, Lucio Barabesi, Pietro Sartorelli
Health surveillance of asbestos exposed workers should be stratified according to the exposure level. Unfortunately there is a lack of information regarding asbestos exposure in many working places and markers of asbestos exposure are often needed. The aim of the study was to assess the reliability of different dose and effect biomarkers in the follow up of asbestos-exposed workers.Mineralogical analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) as a biomarker of asbestos fibre burden was performed in a population of 307 male subjects occupationally exposed to asbestos...
February 26, 2018: Industrial Health
Brian J Hall, Peng Xiong, Kay Chang, Ming Yin, Xin-Ru Sui
Medical workplace violence (MWV) is a key occupational hazard facing medical professionals worldwide. MWV involves incident where medical staff are abused, threatened and assaulted. MWV affects the health and well-being of medical staff exposed, causes significant erosion of patient-physician trust and leads to poorer health outcomes for patients. In China, the prevalence of MWV appears to be rising. Laws were enacted to keep medical staff safe, but clear surveillance and enforcement is needed to improve the condition...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health
David Fishwick, Steve Forman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The outcome for workers with occupational asthma is improved for those with an earlier diagnosis. Health surveillance at work is in principle designed to identify such cases, so that the risks to the individual worker, and coworkers, can be reduced. There is recent evidence to suggest that the uptake and quality of such surveillance could be improved. This review has assessed current approaches to health surveillance for occupational asthma. RECENT FINDINGS: The article covers a review of the utility of questionnaires, lung function testing, immunological investigations, and other tests, including exhaled nitric oxide, sputum eosinophilia, and exhaled breath condensate specifically in the context of workplace-based health surveillance...
February 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Khader M Hasan, Benson Mwangi, Zafer Keser, Roy Riascos, Ashot E Sargsyan, Larry A Kramer
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: As part of its technological sophistication, the International Space Station (ISS) Program operates a robust medical surveillance schedule for its rotating 6-person crew to control the known health risks and to address knowledge gaps related to human health in space flight environment. Recent evidence on visual impairment in a subset of ISS crew has renewed the interest in the effects of long-duration space flight on the central nervous system (CNS). Through retrospective analysis in a sample of 10 healthy astronauts, we demonstrate the utility of multimodal quantitative magnetic resonance imaging (qMRI) with diffusion tensor imaging (DTI)-based customized brain templates to examine the structural attributes of various CNS compartments in this occupational group...
February 20, 2018: Journal of Neuroimaging: Official Journal of the American Society of Neuroimaging
Giulia Stucchi, Silvia Cairoli, Rossana Crapanzano, Stefano Basilico, Giuseppe Leocata, Natale Battevi
BACKGROUND: Data on the prevalence of work-related musculoskeletal disorders (WMSDs) in groups of unexposed subjects may serve for comparison in studies on risk/damage in groups of exposed subjects and for the planning of preventive interventions. OBJECTIVES: To assess the musculoskeletal health status in a group of working subjects not exposed to biomechanical overload. METHODS: Medical histories were collected by occupational health physicians as part of an active health surveillance program...
February 1, 2018: La Medicina del Lavoro
Henk F van der Molen, Prativa Basnet, Peter Lt Hoonakker, Marika M Lehtola, Jorma Lappalainen, Monique Hw Frings-Dresen, Roger Haslam, Jos H Verbeek
BACKGROUND: Construction workers are frequently exposed to various types of injury-inducing hazards. There are a number of injury prevention interventions, yet their effectiveness is uncertain. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of interventions for preventing injuries in construction workers. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Injuries Group's specialised register, CENTRAL (issue 3), MEDLINE, Embase and PsycINFO up to April 2017. The searches were not restricted by language or publication status...
February 5, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
Hope M Tiesman, Melody Gwilliam, Srinivas Konda, Jeff Rojek, Suzanne Marsh
INTRODUCTION: Limited studies exist that describe nonfatal work-related injuries to law enforcement officers. The aim of this study is to provide national estimates and trends of nonfatal injuries to law enforcement officers from 2003 through 2014. METHODS: Nonfatal injuries were obtained from the National Electronic Injury Surveillance System-Occupational Supplement. Data were obtained for injuries treated in U.S. emergency departments from 2003 to 2014. Nonfatal injury rates were calculated using denominators from the Current Population Survey...
January 26, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
Bryan Weichelt, Serap Gorucu
BACKGROUND: Agriculture, forestry, fishing and hunting industry is the most hazardous occupational sector in the USA. Even with this level of occupational risk, several national and state-level occupational injury surveillance programmes have been eliminated, leaving regional efforts to analyse multiple sources and compile data on agricultural injuries and fatalities. No up-to-date centralised national database for agricultural injuries/fatalities in the USA currently exists. OBJECTIVE: Using the public data on AgInjuryNews...
January 31, 2018: Injury Prevention: Journal of the International Society for Child and Adolescent Injury Prevention
Andrzej Marcinkiewicz, Michał Plewka, Wojciech Hanke, Paweł Kałużny, Marta Wiszniewska, Agnieszka Lipińska-Ojrzanowska, Jolanta Walusiak-Skorupa
BACKGROUND: Due to high prevalence, insufficient recognition and ineffectual treatment, hypertension (HT) still remains a major medical and socio-economic problem. There is a real necessity to develop effective prophylaxis for cardiovascular disorders (CVD), based on strategies which support compliance during long-term therapy. The Polish scheme of occupational health services (OHS) with mandatory periodical employee check-ups creates a unique opportunity for effective HT prophylaxis...
January 19, 2018: Kardiologia Polska
Dong-Hee Koh, Ju-Hyun Park, Sang-Gil Lee, Hwan-Cheol Kim, Sangjun Choi, Hyejung Jung, Jae-Oh Park, Dong-Uk Park
Objective: Estimating carcinogen exposure prevalence is important for preventing occupational cancers. To develop the Korean version of CARcinogen EXposure (CAREX), a carcinogen surveillance system used in many countries, we estimated lead exposure prevalence in the Korean working population. Methods: We used three Korean nationwide data sources to obtain objective database-derived prevalences of lead exposure across industries: airborne lead measurement data from the work environment measurement database (WEMD), blood lead measurement data from the special health examination database (SHED), and lead exposure prevalence computed using data from the work environment condition survey (WECS), which is a nationwide occupational exposure survey...
January 12, 2018: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
Yan-Yan Chen, Jian-Bing Liu, Yong Jiang, Guo Li, Xiao-Wei Shan, Juan Zhang, Shun-Xiang Cai, Xi-Bao Huang
Schistosomiasis caused by parasitic flatworms of blood flukes, remains a major public health concern in China. The significant progress in controlling schistosomiasis in China over the past decades has resulted in the remarkable reduction in the prevalence and intensity of Schistosoma japonicum infection to an extremely low level. Therefore, the elimination of schistosomiasis has been promoted by the Chinese national government. Hubei Province is the major endemic area, that is, along the middle and low reaches of the Yangtze River in the lake and marshland regions of southern China...
January 10, 2018: Acta Tropica
Lin Zhao, Yifang Zhu, Zhangjian Chen, Huadong Xu, Jingwen Zhou, Shichuan Tang, Zhizhen Xu, Fanling Kong, Xinwei Li, Yifei Zhang, Xianzuo Li, Ji Zhang, Guang Jia
Although some toxicological studies have reported that exposure to titanium dioxide nanoparticles (nano-TiO2) may elicit adverse cardiopulmonary effects, related data collected from human are currently limited. The purpose of this study is to explore cardiopulmonary effects among workers who were exposed to nano-TiO2 and to identify biomarkers associated with exposure. A cross-sectional study was conducted in a nano-TiO2 manufacturing plant in eastern China. Exposure assessment and characterization of TiO2 particles were performed in a packaging workshop...
January 11, 2018: Nanotoxicology
Thaís Tâmara Castro Minuzzi-Souza, Nadjar Nitz, César Augusto Cuba Cuba, Luciana Hagström, Mariana Machado Hecht, Camila Santana, Marcelle Ribeiro, Tamires Emanuele Vital, Marcelo Santalucia, Monique Knox, Marcos Takashi Obara, Fernando Abad-Franch, Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves
Vector-borne pathogens threaten human health worldwide. Despite their critical role in disease prevention, routine surveillance systems often rely on low-complexity pathogen detection tests of uncertain accuracy. In Chagas disease surveillance, optical microscopy (OM) is routinely used for detecting Trypanosoma cruzi in its vectors. Here, we use replicate T. cruzi detection data and hierarchical site-occupancy models to assess the reliability of OM-based T. cruzi surveillance while explicitly accounting for false-negative and false-positive results...
January 9, 2018: Scientific Reports
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