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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542491/the-face-of-war-trauma-analysis-of-a-mass-grave-from-the-battle-of-l%C3%A3-tzen-1632
#1
Nicole Nicklisch, Frank Ramsthaler, Harald Meller, Susanne Friederich, Kurt W Alt
Contemporary accounts of battles are often incomplete or even erroneous because they reflect the-often biased-viewpoints of the authors. Battlefield archaeology faces the task of compiling an historical analysis of a battle and of gathering all the available facts. Besides cultural historical evidence and artefacts, the human remains of those who have fallen in battle also provide invaluable information. In studying mass graves from a military context, the injury types and patterns are significant. They allow us to reconstruct the circumstances surrounding the soldiers' deaths and provide information on the hostilities that occurred on the battlefield...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538560/buccal-fat-pad-augmentation-for-facial-rejuvenation
#2
Steven R Cohen, Emily Fireman, Sierra Hewett, Ahmad Saad
The buccal space, with its fat pad, is a valuable, overlooked target in facial rejuvenation procedures. The authors identified a specific group of patients who have normal or prominent malar projection in the presence of atrophy of the buccal fat pad, with or without prominent gonial angles. Eight of 24 prospectively studied patients (Biomedical Research Institute of America) who had fat grafts and face lifts received an average of 2.7 ml of fat transferred into the buccal space. Immediate visual correction of the buccal depression was noted...
June 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538070/one-stage-treatment-for-adult-patients-with-crouzonoid-appearance-by-orthognathic-and-face-contouring-surgery
#3
Byung Jun Kim, Hahn Sol Bae, Yoonho Lee
Crouzon syndrome is a rare genetic disorder with autosomal-dominant inheritance that shows a triad of hallmark characteristics: craniosynostosis, exophthalmos, and midface retrusion. General treatment protocol for patients with Crouzon syndrome has already been established, but there is no standard treatment strategy for adult patients with Crouzonoid appearance. The authors present clinical patients of 1-stage orthognathic and face contouring surgery to achieve functional and aesthetic improvement.One-stage surgery was performed in adult patients with Crouzonoid appearance without a history of facial surgery...
May 19, 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498697/single-nodal-loop-of-accidental-degeneracies-in-minimal-symmetry-triclinic-caas_-3
#4
Y Quan, Z P Yin, W E Pickett
The existence of closed loops of degeneracies in crystals has been intimately connected with associated crystal symmetries, raising the following question: What is the minimum symmetry required for topological character, and can one find an example? Triclinic CaAs_{3}, in the space group P1[over ¯] with only a center of inversion, has been found to display, without need for tuning, a nodal loop of accidental degeneracies with topological character, centered on one face of the Brillouin zone that is otherwise fully gapped...
April 28, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454550/occupational-factors-and-low-back-pain-a-cross-sectional-study-of-bangladeshi-female-nurses
#5
Shubrandu S Sanjoy, Gias U Ahsan, Hayatun Nabi, Ziaul F Joy, Ahmed Hossain
BACKGROUND: The suffering from low back pain (LBP) is very common among nurses. The high prevalence rates of LBP are observed in many countries. Many back injuries are due to individual and work-related factors. Our aim is to investigate whether there is an association of occupational factors with LBP among the female nurses who are currently working in tertiary hospitals of Bangladesh. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study with 229 female nurses from two selected tertiary hospitals in Bangladesh...
April 28, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448667/association-between-facial-rejuvenation-and-observer-ratings-of-youth-attractiveness-success-and-health
#6
Kristin L Bater, Lisa E Ishii, Ira D Papel, Theda C Kontis, Patrick J Byrne, Kofi D O Boahene, Jason C Nellis, Masaru Ishii
Importance: Surgical procedures for the aging face-including face-lift, blepharoplasty, and brow-lift-consistently rank among the most popular cosmetic services sought by patients. Although these surgical procedures are broadly classified as procedures that restore a youthful appearance, they may improve societal perceptions of attractiveness, success, and health, conferring an even larger social benefit than just restoring a youthful appearance to the face. Objectives: To determine if face-lift and upper facial rejuvenation surgery improve observer ratings of age, attractiveness, success, and health and to quantify the effect of facial rejuvenation surgery on each individual domain...
April 27, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430736/vertical-lifting-a-new-optimal-thread-lifting-technique-for-asians
#7
Seung Hoon Kang, Eun Jung Byun, Hei Sung Kim
BACKGROUND: With the evolution of facial rejuvenation methods, thread lifts have gained popularity among patients who seek cosmetic improvement. Absorbable wedge-shaped polydioxanone (PDO) sutures are currently available, and they are extremely popular in the aesthetic clinics in Korea. In case of midface and mandibular jowl lift, threads are most often inserted in an oblique manner with vectors of rejuvenation directed toward the temple. However, specific characteristics of skeletal anatomy should be considered when deciding which technique to use in Asians...
April 19, 2017: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403269/mid-face-volumization-with-hyaluronic-acid-injection-technique-and-safety-aspects-from-a-controlled-randomized-double-blind-clinical-study
#8
Welf Prager, Karla Agsten, Maria Kravtsov, Prof Martina Kerscher
<p>BACKGROUND: Injection of hyaluronic acid (HA) volumizing fillers in the malar area is intended for rejuvenation of the mid-face. The choice of products, depth, and technique of injection depends on the desired level of volume enhancement and practitioners' preferences.</p> <p>OBJECTIVE: To describe a volumizing injection technique in the scope of a controlled, randomized, double-blind, single-center, split-face clinical study. MATERIALS & METHODS: A total of 45 subjects with bilateral symmetrical moderate to severe volume loss in the malar area received a single 2 mL injection of CPM®-26 (Cohesive Polydensified Matrix®) on one side and VYC®-20 (VYCROSS®) on the contralateral side of the face...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398471/a-split-face-study-to-determine-the-significance-of-adding-increased-energy-and-treatment-levels-at-the-marionette-folds
#9
Gordon H Sasaki, Natalie Abelev, Liza Papadopoulos
Background: Microfocused ultrasound with visualization (MFU-V) has become a safe and effective means to tighten skin and subdermal structures by optimizing the amount of joule energy and treatment tissue planes for improved customization for the individual patient. To date, there have been an absence of split treatments to verify algorithms. Objectives: The aims of this institutional review board-approved investigation and clinical experience were to clarify the safety and efficacy of current treatment guidelines...
April 7, 2017: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391532/outcome-of-a-graduated-minimally-invasive-facial-reanimation-in-patients-with-facial-paralysis
#10
Laura C Holtmann, Anja Eckstein, Kerstin Stähr, Minzhi Xing, Stephan Lang, Stefan Mattheis
Peripheral paralysis of the facial nerve is the most frequent of all cranial nerve disorders. Despite advances in facial surgery, the functional and aesthetic reconstruction of a paralyzed face remains a challenge. Graduated minimally invasive facial reanimation is based on a modular principle. According to the patients' needs, precondition, and expectations, the following modules can be performed: temporalis muscle transposition and facelift, nasal valve suspension, endoscopic brow lift, and eyelid reconstruction...
April 8, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28367260/a-single-blind-split-face-randomized-pilot-study-comparing-the-effects-of-intradermal-and-intramuscular-injection-of-two-commercially-available-botulinum-toxin-a-formulas-to-reduce-signs-of-facial-aging
#11
Priya Sapra, Shantel Demay, Sheetal Sapra, Julie Khanna, Kelli Mraud, Jennifer Bonadonna
Objective: To examine the effectiveness of intradermal botulinum toxin type A injection in improving skin texture and midface lift while reducing pore size and sebum production, as well as investigate the differences in effectiveness between onabotulinumtoxinA and abobotulinumtoxinA using intradermal and intramuscular injection methods. Design: A 16-week, single-blind, split-face, randomized study. Each patient served as their own control, receiving onabotulinumtoxinA and abobotulinumtoxinA randomized to either the left or right side of the face...
February 2017: Journal of Clinical and Aesthetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28350662/neck-rejuvenation-through-the-lateral-platysma-window-a-key-component-of-face-lift-surgery
#12
Ronnie A Pezeshk, David A Sieber, Rod J Rohrich
Rejuvenating an aged face relies on maintaining facial harmony to provide optimal aesthetic results. Restoration of more youthful facial contours is dependent on blending the aesthetic facial topographic units. Many authors continue to debate the best approach for neck rejuvenation through a medial approach, a lateral approach, or a combination of the two. The authors present their approach to neck rejuvenation through medial platysma plication, inferior release, and lateral platysma window.
April 2017: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339461/mass-elevation-and-lee-effects-markedly-lift-the-elevational-distribution-of-ground-beetles-in-the-himalaya-tibet-orogen
#13
Joachim Schmidt, Jürgen Böhner, Roland Brandl, Lars Opgenoorth
Mass elevation and lee effects markedly influence snow lines and tree lines in high mountain systems. However, their impact on other phenomena or groups of organisms has not yet been quantified. Here we quantitatively studied their influence in the Himalaya-Tibet orogen on the distribution of ground beetles as model organisms, specifically whether the ground beetle distribution increases from the outer to the inner parts of the orogen, against latitudinal effects. We also tested whether July temperature and solar radiation are predictors of the beetle's elevational distribution ranges...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28330109/biomass-production-and-identification-of-suitable-harvesting-technique-for-chlorella-sp-mj-11-11-and-synechocystis-pcc-6803
#14
Amrit Lal, Debabrata Das
Microalgae that can grow fast and convert solar energy into chemical energy efficiently are being considered as a promising feedstock of renewable biofuel. Mass production of microalgal oil faces a number of technical barriers that make the current production of biodiesel economically unfeasible. Small size (≈1-20 μm) and negatively charged surface of the microalgal cells pose difficulties in the process of harvesting. This leads to significant increase in the overall cost of biomass production. The present study explored different methods and conditions for harvesting of Chlorella sp...
June 2016: 3 Biotech
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28301645/association-of-face-lift-surgery-with-social-perception-age-attractiveness-health-and-success
#15
Jason C Nellis, Masaru Ishii, Ira D Papel, Theda C Kontis, Patrick J Byrne, Kofi D O Boahene, Kristin L Bater, Lisa E Ishii
Importance: Evidence quantifying the influence of face-lift surgery on societal perceptions is lacking. Objective: To measure the association of face-lift surgery with observer-graded perceived age, attractiveness, success, and overall health. Design, Setting, and Participants: In a web-based survey, 526 casual observers naive to the purpose of the study viewed independent images of 13 unique female patient faces before or after face-lift surgery from January 1, 2016, through June 30, 2016...
March 16, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293139/a-vortex-model-for-forces-and-moments-on-low-aspect-ratio-wings-in-side-slip-with-experimental-validation
#16
Adam C DeVoria, Kamran Mohseni
This paper studies low-aspect-ratio ([Formula: see text]) rectangular wings at high incidence and in side-slip. The main objective is to incorporate the effects of high angle of attack and side-slip into a simplified vortex model for the forces and moments. Experiments are also performed and are used to validate assumptions made in the model. The model asymptotes to the potential flow result of classical aerodynamics for an infinite aspect ratio. The [Formula: see text] → 0 limit of a rectangular wing is considered with slender body theory, where the side-edge vortices merge into a vortex doublet...
February 2017: Proceedings. Mathematical, Physical, and Engineering Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290559/erratum-to-recent-advances-in-face-lift-to-achieve-facial-balance
#17
Velupillai Ilankovan
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1007/s12663-016-0981-8.].
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28286380/recent-advances-in-face-lift-to-achieve-facial-balance
#18
REVIEW
Velupillai Ilankovan
INTRODUCTION: Facial balance is achieved by correction of facial proportions and the facial contour. Ageing affects this balance in addition to other factors. We have strived to inform all the recent advances in providing this balance. METHOD: The anatomy of ageing including various changed in clinical features are described. The procedures are explained on the basis of the upper, middle and lower face. RESULTS: Different face lift, neck lift procedures with innovative techniques are demonstrated...
March 2017: Journal of Maxillofacial and Oral Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283852/short-term-general-anesthesia-for-retro-bulbar-block-in-ophthalmic-surgery-generates-no-significant-hypercapnia
#19
Werner Baulig, Monica Weber, Beatrice Beck-Schimmer, Oliver M Theusinger, Peter Biro
To assess the impact of short time hypnosis for retro-bulbar anesthesia on ventilation in patients undergoing ophthalmic surgery of the anterior eye chamber. In all patients, a combined continuous transcutaneous carbon dioxide tension (PtcCO2) and partial oxygen saturation (SpO2) measurement was applied in addition to routine monitoring. To enable unconscious application of retro-bulbar anesthesia, intravenous thiopental was given in one to multiple bolus doses. Transient breathing support included chin lift, Esmarch maneuver and manual hand-bag ventilation via face mask...
March 11, 2017: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28267396/quantitative-efficacy-of-external-and-internal-browpexy-performed-in-conjunction-with-blepharoplasty
#20
Ali Mokhtarzadeh, Guy G Massry, Elena Bitrian, Andrew R Harrison
Browpexy surgery is a minimally invasive surgical adjunct to upper blepharoplasty. The traditional internal (IB) approach is well documented, while the newer external (EB) variant has only recently been described. To date, there is little quantitative data to evaluate the efficacy of either procedure, and no data to compare results between the two. We determine the efficacy of, and compare surgical results between, internal and external browpexy surgery in lifting the central and lateral brow. A 3.5-year retrospective review of patients undergoing internal and external browpexy surgery to assess the amount of central and lateral lift to the brow was performed...
April 2017: Orbit
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