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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132251/hearing-impairment-is-common-among-saami-adults-in-northern-finland
#1
Venla Lohi, Pasi Ohtonen, Pekka Aikio, Martti Sorri, Elina Mäki-Torkko, Samuli Hannula
The Saami are the only indigenous population in Europe and their traditional living area is northern Scandinavia. Hearing impairment (HI) among Saami has not been studied before. The objective was to investigate the presence and type of HI among Saami adults, aged 49-77 years (median age 61 years), living in northern Finland. In addition, the presence of self-reported hearing difficulties, difficulties to hear in background noise and tinnitus were studied. An epidemiological, cross-sectional study encompassing a structured interview, otological examination and audiometry was performed...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063965/prognostic-and-influencing-factors-of-tinnitus-in-chronic-otitis-media-after-tympanoplasty
#2
Ping Guo, Wenfang Sun, Wuqing Wang
The purpose of this study is to investigate what characteristics of tinnitus in patients with chronic otitis media was reduced after tympanoplasty and to assess the relationship between post-operative tinnitus reduction and pre-operative tinnitus tone, tinnitus duration, post-operative hearing recovery, and tympanogram. Medical records were prospective between March 2013 and May 2016. Audiologic evaluation by pure tone audiometry and acoustic impedance and tinnitus assessment using scores on the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) was conducted preoperatively and 6 months post-operatively...
October 24, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036751/-diagnosis-and-management-of-vestibular-schwannomas-an-interdisciplinary-challenge
#3
Steffen Rosahl, Christopher Bohr, Michael Lell, Klaus Hamm, Heinrich Iro
Vestibular schwannomas expand slowly in the internal auditory canal, in the cerebellopontine angle, inside the cochlear and the labyrinth. Larger tumors can displace and compress the brainstem. With an annual incidence of 1:100 000 vestibular schwannoma represent 6-7% of all intracranial tumors. In the cerebellopontine angle they are by far the most neoplasm with 90% of all lesions located in this region. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), audiometry, and vestibular diagnostics are the mainstays of the clinical workup for patients harboring tumors...
April 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022411/comparison-of-acoustic-therapies-for-tinnitus-suppression-a-preliminary-trial
#4
Maggie L Schad, Garnett P McMillan, Emily J Thielman, Katherine Groon, Charlotte Morse-Fortier, Jennifer L Martin, James A Henry
OBJECTIVE: This study obtained preliminary data using two types of sound therapy to suppress tinnitus and/or reduce its functional effects: (1) Notched noise (1000-12,000 Hz notched within a 1-octave range centred around the tinnitus pitch match [PM] frequency); and (2) Matched noise (1-octave wide band of noise centred around the PM frequency). A third (Placebo) group listened to low frequency noise (250-700 Hz). DESIGN: Participants with bothersome tinnitus were randomised into one of the three groups and instructed to listen to the acoustic stimulus for 6 hours a day for 2 weeks...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984806/petrous-apex-cholesterol-granulomas-outcomes-complications-and-hearing-results-from-surgical-and-wait-and-scan-management
#5
Golda Grinblat, Ashish Vashishth, Francesco Galetti, Antonio Caruso, Mario Sanna
OBJECTIVE: 1. To analyze the surgical outcomes in the management of petrous apex cholesterol granulomas (PACG) with a brief literature review.2. To evaluate the importance of wait-and-scan management option. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Quaternary referral center for otology and skull base surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Charts of 55 patients with at least 12 months of follow-up were analyzed for demographic, clinical, audiometric, and radiological features...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923485/functional-data-analysis-of-single-trial-auditory-evoked-potentials-recorded-in-the-awake-rat
#6
Ondřej Pokora, Jan Koláček, Tzai-Wen Chiu, Wei Qiu
Evoked potentials (EPs) reflect neural processing and are widely used to study sensory perception. However, methods of analyzing EP have been limited mostly to the conventional ensemble averaging of EP response trials to a repeated stimulus, and less so to single-trials analysis. Here we applied a new approach - functional data analysis (FDA) - to study auditory EP in the rat model of tinnitus, in which overdoses of salicylate (SS) are known to alter sound perception characteristically, as the same way as in humans...
November 2017: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922875/stent-placement-for-disabling-pulsatile-tinnitus-caused-by-a-lateral-sinus-stenosis-a-retrospective-study
#7
Stéphanie Lenck, Marc-Antoine Labeyrie, Fabrice Vallee, Jean-Pierre Saint-Maurice, Antoine Guillonnet, Anne-Laure Bernat, Pierre Vironneau, Emmanuel Houdart
BACKGROUND: Lateral sinus stenosis is a little-known cause for pulsatile tinnitus (PT). In several small series, stenting has been described as an effective treatment for disabling PT linked with this type of stenosis. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical, radiological, and manometric characteristics of patients treated for disabling PT by lateral sinus stenosis. Assessment of the efficacy of stenting for this indication. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients treated for isolated PT by stenting of a lateral sinus stenosis in our institution, between 2009 and 2015...
October 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894434/tinnitus-patients-with-comorbid-headaches-the-influence-of-headache-type-and-laterality-on-tinnitus-characteristics
#8
Berthold Langguth, Verena Hund, Michael Landgrebe, Martin Schecklmann
BACKGROUND: Both clinical experience and clinical studies suggest a relationship between tinnitus and headache. Here, we aimed to investigate the influence of comorbid headache type and headache laterality on tinnitus characteristics. METHOD: The Tinnitus Research Initiative database was screened for patients of the Tinnitus Center of the University Regensburg who reported comorbid headaches. These patients were contacted to complete additional validated questionnaires...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892822/audiometric-testing-with-pulsed-steady-and-warble-tones-in-listeners-with-tinnitus-and-hearing-loss
#9
Jennifer J Lentz, Matthew A Walker, Ciara E Short, Kimberly G Skinner
Purpose: This study evaluated the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association's recommendation that audiometric testing for patients with tinnitus should use pulsed or warble tones. Using listeners with varied audiometric configurations and tinnitus statuses, we asked whether steady, pulsed, and warble tones yielded similar audiometric thresholds, and which tone type was preferred. Method: Audiometric thresholds (octave frequencies from 0.25-16 kHz) were measured using steady, pulsed, and warble tones in 61 listeners, who were divided into 4 groups on the basis of hearing and tinnitus status...
September 18, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888426/sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss-in-children-and-adolescents-clinical-characteristics-and-age-related-prognosis
#10
Jin Youp Kim, Jae Joon Han, Woong Sang Sunwoo, Ja-Won Koo, Seung-Ha Oh, Min-Hyun Park, Young Ho Kim
OBJECTIVE: Although many studies have investigated sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL) in adults, there were few studies on SSNHL in the pediatric population; especially research on treatment and prognosis of pediatric SSNHL was limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate clinical characteristics, treatment outcomes and prognostic factors in children and adolescents with SSNHL. METHODS: A retrospective review of medical records of 67 pediatric patients (67 ears) who had diagnosed with SSNHL at our hospitals was performed to analyze patients' clinical manifestations and audiograms...
September 6, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878303/typewriter-tinnitus-revisited-the-typical-symptoms-and-the-initial-response-to-carbamazepine-are-the-most-reliable-diagnostic-clues
#11
Woongsang Sunwoo, Yung Jin Jeon, Yun Jung Bae, Jeong Hun Jang, Ja-Won Koo, Jae-Jin Song
Although neurovascular compression of the cochlear nerve (NVC-C) presenting as typewriter tinnitus is a discrete disease category, verified diagnostic criteria are lacking. We sought to refine the diagnostic criteria for NVC-C by reference to a relatively large case series. The medical records of 22 NVC-C patients were retrospectively reviewed. Psychoacoustic characteristics, the results of diagnostic work-up (including audiovestibular neurophysiological tests and radiological evaluations), and the initial treatment response to carbamazepine were investigated...
September 6, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28875382/-tumors-of-the-inner-ear-and-adjacent-structures
#12
REVIEW
J Schittenhelm
Tumors of the inner ear and adjacent structures often present with hearing loss, tinnitus and vertigo due to compression of the traversing cranial nerves. More than 90% of the tumors of the inner ear with or without expansion into the cerebellopontine angle are histologically diagnosed as vestibular schwannomas. Less common tumorous lesions include ectopic meningiomas located in the petrous bone, glomus tympanicum paragangliomas or endolymphatic sac tumors (ELST) originating in the vestibular recess. Most tumors are sporadic, but hereditary disorders have to be considered...
November 2017: Der Pathologe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872163/italian-survey-on-benign-paroxysmal-positional-vertigo
#13
A Messina, A P Casani, M Manfrin, G Guidetti
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) is the most common type of peripheral vertigo. BPPV often relapses after the first episode, with a recurrence rate between 15% and 50%. To date both the aetiopathogenetic processes that lead to otoconia detachment and the factors that make BPPV a relapsing disease are still unclear, but recent epidemiological studies have shown a possible association with cardiovascular risk factors. The aim of the present study (Sesto Senso Survey) was to evaluate in the Italian population through an observational survey, the main demographic and clinical characteristics of patients with BPPV (first episode or recurrent) with particular focus on the potential cardiovascular risk factors...
August 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870054/-paracondylar-lateral-cervical-approach-for-resection-of-jugular-foramen-schwannomas-a-retrospective-analysis-of-15-cases
#14
X Y Wang, X R Yuan, Y W Liao, D Y Liu, Y Y Xie, J Yuan, J Su, Z J Zhao, Q Liu
Objective: To explore the effects of paracondylar-lateral cervical approach for resection of the jugular foramen schwannoma(JFS). Methods: A total of 15 patients with JFS operated via the paracondylar-lateral cervical approach between December 2011 and March 2016 at Department of Neurosurgery in Xiangya Hospital of Central South University were retrospectively analyzed. There were 7 males and 8 females, aging from 22 to 77 years with a mean age of (41.9±15.8) years.There were 12 patients who accepted primary surgery, 3 patients who accepted secondary surgery...
September 1, 2017: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28861037/the-clinical-utility-of-vestibular-evoked-myogenic-potentials-in-the-diagnosis-of-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#15
REVIEW
Maxime Maheu, Jenny Marylin Alvarado-Umanzor, Audrey Delcenserie, François Champoux
Ménière's disease (MD) is a condition that has been proposed over 150 years ago, which involves audiological and vestibular manifestations, such as aural fullness, tinnitus, vertigo, and fluctuating hearing thresholds. Over the past few years, many researchers have assessed different techniques to help diagnose this pathology. Vestibular-evoked myogenic potential (VEMP) is an electrophysiological method assessing the saccule (cVEMP) and the utricule (oVEMP). Its clinical utility in the diagnosis of multiple pathologies, such as superior canal dehiscence, has made this tool a common method used in otologic clinics...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28835261/core-outcome-domains-for-early-phase-clinical-trials-of-sound-psychology-and-pharmacology-based-interventions-to-manage-chronic-subjective-tinnitus-in-adults-the-comit-id-study-protocol-for-using-a-delphi-process-and-face-to-face-meetings-to-establish-consensus
#16
Kathryn Fackrell, Harriet Smith, Veronica Colley, Brian Thacker, Adele Horobin, Haúla F Haider, Alain Londero, Birgit Mazurek, Deborah A Hall
BACKGROUND: The reporting of outcomes in clinical trials of subjective tinnitus indicates that many different tinnitus-related complaints are of interest to investigators, from perceptual attributes of the sound (e.g. loudness) to psychosocial impacts (e.g. quality of life). Even when considering one type of intervention strategy for subjective tinnitus, there is no agreement about what is critically important for deciding whether a treatment is effective. The main purpose of this observational study is, therefore to, develop Core Outcome Domain Sets for the three different intervention strategies (sound, psychological, and pharmacological) for adults with chronic subjective tinnitus that should be measured and reported in every clinical trial of these interventions...
August 23, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826945/psychoacoustic-classification-of-persistent-tinnitus
#17
Flavia Alencar de Barros Suzuki, Fabio Akira Suzuki, Ektor Tsuneo Onishi, Norma Oliveira Penido
INTRODUCTION: Tinnitus is a difficult to treat symptom, with different responses in patients. It is classified in different ways, according to its origin and associated diseases. OBJECTIVE: to propose a single and measurable classification of persistent tinnitus, through its perception as sounds of nature or of daily life and its comparison with pure tone or noise, of high or low pitch, presented to the patient by audiometer sound. METHODS: A total of 110 adult patients, of both genders, treated at the Tinnitus Outpatient Clinic, were enrolled according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria...
August 1, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816692/questionnaires-in-patients-with-unilateral-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#18
Gyu Ho Hwang, Jae Woo Joo, In Sik Song, Yoon Chan Rah, June Choi
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we evaluated the prognostic value of the Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) and the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) in patients with unilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss (SSNHL). MATERIALS AND METHODS: In total, 101 patients with unilateral SSNHL (44 women, 57 men), who were admitted and treated at our institution between December 2012 and June 2014, were included in the study. All patients completed the questionnaires for DHI and THI during their admission and were treated with bed rest and oral methylprednisolone (1 mg/kg, which was eventually tapered)...
August 2017: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810890/outcome-of-hearing-preservation-related-to-tumor-morphologic-analysis-in-acoustic-neuromas-treated-by-gamma-knife-radiosurgery
#19
Szu-Yen Pan, Shih-An Liu, Ming-Hsi Sun, Hsi-Kai Tsou, Shinh-Dung Lee, Yen-Ju Chen, Jason Sheehan, Meei-Ling Sheu, Hung-Chuan Pan
BACKGROUND: Gamma Knife radiosurgery (GKRS) is an important part of the neurosurgical armamentarium in the treatment of acoustic neuromas. However, the treatment outcome related to the morphology of the tumor has not been rigorously studied. In this cohort, we evaluated the morphological features of the tumor in the tumor response and neurological outcomes after GKRS. MATERIAL AND METHODS: From July 2003 to December 2008, there were 93 cases of acoustic neuromas treated upfront with GKRS with 64 cases with serviceable hearing and 29 cases without serviceable hearing to fulfill the margin dose of 12Gy with at least follow up 5 years...
August 15, 2017: Radiation Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777514/our-experience-in-the-treatment-of-idiopathic-sensorineural-hearing-loss-isnhl-effect-of-combination-therapy-with-hbo%C3%A2-and-vasodilator-infusion-therapy
#20
Barbora Kratochvílovà, Oliver Profant, Jaromír Astl, Richard Holý
Idiopathic sensorineural hearing loss (ISNHL) is a hearing impairment that occurs suddenly with onset over a period of 24 to 72 hours, affecting at least three adjacent frequencies with hearing loss of 30 decibels or more, caused by damage to the inner ear or auditory nerve without clear reasons. The treatment of ISNHL is still a hot topic. In a retrospective study, we examined 88 patients with ISNHL (2008-2013). The objective of the study was to compare the effects of two different types of therapy: vasodilator infusion treatment combined with hyperbaric oxygen (HBO₂) therapy vs...
November 2016: Undersea & Hyperbaric Medicine: Journal of the Undersea and Hyperbaric Medical Society, Inc
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