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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29775031/-neurofeedback-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-tinnitus
#1
REVIEW
Z Q Zhao, G X Lei, Y L Li, D Zhang, W D Shen, S M Yang, Y H Qiao
Neurofeedback therapy is a fast-growing field of tinnitus treatment, which is a new type of biofeedback therapy. In the past, the "muscle tone" and "blood flow" were used as feedback signals in biofeedback therapy to treat tinnitus, however there was no long-term follow-up report. Instead, neurofeedback therapy utilizes EEG (electroencephalogram) as the feedback signal, which is also called EEG biofeedback therapy. At present, most treatments of tinnitus only record subjective measures of patients as evaluation indicators, whereas neurofeedback therapy is more convincing for using comprehensive evaluation including changes of brain wave as objective indicators and subjective measures of patients...
February 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771077/-observation-of-flupentixol-and-melitracen-on-curative-effect-of-sudden-deafness-patients-with-anxiety-and-depression-in-different-stages
#2
T Zhang, G D Yu
Objective: To investigate the efficacy of flupentixol melitracen on different stages of sudden deafness patients with anxiety and depression. Method: Totally one hundred and sixty-three sudden deafness patients with anxiety and depression were randomly divided into two groups: experimental group(81 cases) and control group (82 cases). All patients were given routine treatment for 2 weeks. The experimental group was given oral flupentixol melitracen (1 tablet/day)for a period of 3 months. The hearing, tinnitus effect and vertigo treatment course were observed and compared...
May 2018: Journal of Clinical Otorhinolaryngology, Head, and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29741741/microsurgical-resection-of-glomus-jugulare-tumors-with-facial-nerve-reconstruction-3-dimensional-operative-video
#3
Duarte N C Cândido, Jean Gonçalves de Oliveira, Luis A B Borba
Paragangliomas are tumors originating from the paraganglionic system (autonomic nervous system), mostly found at the region around the jugular bulb, for which reason they are also termed glomus jugulare tumors (GJT). Although these lesions appear to be histologically benign, clinically they present with great morbidity, especially due to invasion of nearby structures such as the lower cranial nerves. These are challenging tumors, as they need complex approaches and great knowledge of the skull base. We present the case of a 31-year-old woman, operated by the senior author, with a 1-year history of tinnitus, vertigo, and progressive hearing loss, that evolved with facial nerve palsy (House-Brackmann IV) 2 months before surgery...
May 8, 2018: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734824/assessment-of-the-effect-of-mesoglycan-in-the-treatment-of-audiovestibular-disorders-of-vascular-origin
#4
Giampiero Neri, Vincenzo Marcelli, Luigi Califano
It is a well-known fact that inner ear diseases are often caused by microcirculatory disorders, and the recent literature is oriented towards investigations into the relationship between the cardiovascular system and cochleovestibular illness with related classical symptoms: tinnitus, hearing loss, and vertigo or instability. These symptoms, and particularly the vertigo, may be the alarm signal of microcirculatory disorders of the labyrinth or vertebrobasilar circulation so as to represent a possible symptom of posterior circulation stroke...
January 2018: International Journal of Immunopathology and Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726736/dural-arteriovenous-fistula-of-the-lateral-foramen-magnum-region-a-review
#5
Chao Li, Jing Yu, Kailing Li, Kun Hou, Jinlu Yu
The lateral foramen magnum region is defined as the bilateral occipital area that runs laterally up to the jugular foramen. The critical vasculatures of this region are not completely understood. Dural arteriovenous fistulas that occur in this region are rare and difficult to treat. Therefore, we searched PubMed to identify all relevant previously published English language articles about lateral foramen magnum dural arteriovenous fistulas, and we performed a review of this literature to increase understanding about these fistulas...
January 1, 2018: Interventional Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724762/endovascular-treatment-of-dural-arteriovenous-fistulas-using-transarterial-liquid-embolization-in-combination-with-transvenous-balloon-assisted-protection-of-the-venous-sinus
#6
D F Vollherbst, C Ulfert, U Neuberger, C Herweh, M Laible, S Nagel, M Bendszus, M A Möhlenbruch
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Sinus-preserving endovascular embolization was described as a promising treatment technique for dural arteriovenous fistulas. Our aim was to report our single-center experience in patients with dural arteriovenous fistulas who were treated with transarterial liquid embolization in combination with transvenous balloon-assisted protection of the affected venous sinus. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective analysis of a prospectively collected data base was performed...
May 3, 2018: AJNR. American Journal of Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29707203/repeated-sessions-of-bilateral-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-intractable-tinnitus-a-study-protocol-for-a-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Arash Bayat, Miguel Mayo, Samaneh Rashidi, Nader Saki, Ali Yadollahpour
Background : Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) is reportedly a potential treatment option for chronic tinnitus. The main drawbacks of previous studies are short term follow up and focusing on the efficacy of single session tDCS. This study aims to investigate the therapeutic efficacy, adverse effects (AEs) and tolerability of repeated sessions of bilateral tDCS over auditory cortex (AC) on tinnitus symptoms Methods : This will be a double-blinded randomized placebo controlled parallel trial on patients (n=90) with intractable chronic tinnitus (> 2 years) randomly divided into three groups of anodal, cathodal, and sham tDCS...
2018: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29673780/evaluation-of-selective-attention-in-patients-with-misophonia
#8
Fúlvia Eduarda da Silva, Tanit Ganz Sanchez
INTRODUCTION: Misophonia is characterized by the aversion to very selective sounds, which evoke a strong emotional reaction. It has been inferred that misophonia, as well as tinnitus, is associated with hyperconnectivity between auditory and limbic systems. Individuals with bothersome tinnitus may have selective attention impairment, but it has not been demonstrated in case of misophonia yet. OBJECTIVE: To characterize a sample of misophonic subjects and compare it with two control groups, one with tinnitus individuals (without misophonia) and the other with asymptomatic individuals (without misophonia and without tinnitus), regarding the selective attention...
March 21, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649050/temporal-bone-histopathology-in-cockayne-syndrome
#9
Ophir Handzel, Joseph B Nadol
: Cockayne syndrome (CS) is a rare autosomal recessive syndrome resulting in defective DNA repair. Its features include cachectic dwarfism, hearing loss, skin hypersensitivity to sunlight, premature aging, and dementia. Presented is a right temporal bone of a patient who died at the age of 29 years. The clinical course was compatible with type 1 CS, the classical form. Homozygous missense variant in the ERCC6 gene (Excision Repair Cross-Complementation group 6) was found, compatible with CS complementation group B...
April 11, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29649040/improvement-in-patient-reported-hearing-after-treatment-with-bevacizumab-in-people-with-neurofibromatosis-type-2
#10
Victoria Huang, Amanda L Bergner, Chris Halpin, Vanessa L Merker, Monica R Sheridan, Brigitte C Widemann, Jaishri O Blakeley, Scott R Plotkin
OBJECTIVE: Assess patient-reported outcomes (PRO) for hearing and tinnitus relative to clinical hearing assessment in people with neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2) associated hearing loss. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, open label, phase-II clinical trial with PRO administered pre-, post-, and after treatment. SETTING: Three tertiary referral centers. PATIENTS: Fourteen patients with NF2, median age of 30 years (range, 14-79 yr) and progressive hearing loss (median baseline word recognition score, 60%; range, 13-82%)...
April 11, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621860/a-review-of-tinnitus
#11
Aaron A Esmaili, John Renton
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is one of the most common otological symptoms. In recent times our understanding of tinnitus has significantly progressed. Tinnitus may be defined as conscious awareness of a sound in the absence of an external auditory stimulus. People with tinnitus almost always seek the attention of their general practitioner, who is best placed to assess, investigate and provide appropriate counselling. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this article is to define and provide guidelines on causes, assessment, appropriate investigation and management of tinnitus...
April 2018: Australian journal of general practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590475/tinnitus-and-associated-handicaps-in-the-french-mountain-artillery-assessment-by-the-tinnitus-handicap-inventory
#12
Agnès Job, Fabien Cardinal, Hugues Michel, Céline Klein, Elodie Ressiot, Jérome Gauthier
Introduction: Tinnitus and associated handicap related to acoustic trauma sequelae have never been assessed in the French artillery. Although impulsive noise exposure to firearms and canons are thought to increase prevalence of tinnitus among soldiers, recent studies demonstrating this fact are missing. Materials and Methods: Here, a representative sample of 389 soldiers from an operational mountain artillery regiment was surveyed. Soldiers personally concerned by tinnitus were invited to fill in a questionnaire...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29590473/disability-rating-age-at-death-and-cause-of-death-in-u-s-veterans-with-service-connected-conditions
#13
Charles Maynard, Ranak Trivedi, Karin Nelson, Stephan D Fihn
Introduction: The association between disability and cause of death in Veterans with service-connected disabilities has not been studied. The objective of this study was to compare age at death, military service and disability characteristics, including disability rating, and cause of death by year of birth. We also examined cause of death for specific service-connected conditions. Materials and methods: This study used information from the VETSNET file, which is a snapshot of selected items from the Veterans Benefits Administration corporate database...
March 26, 2018: Military Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29572366/importance-of-source-images-of-time-of-flight-magnetic-resonance-angiography-in-the-diagnosis-of-low-flow-dural-arteriovenous-fistulae-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Jun Tanaka, Atsushi Fujita, Taiji Ishii, Eiji Kohmura
Three-dimensional time-of-flight (TOF) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) can reliably detect dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF); however, TOF source images should be checked in cases with low-flow dAVFs. A 69-year-old woman reported intractable pulsatile tinnitus after head trauma. It was difficult to diagnose dAVF using conventional MRA, but it was confirmed using a TOF source image. Cerebral angiography revealed a dAVF with a small shunted pouch draining into the sigmoid sinus, accompanying the arterial jet flow...
March 22, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29529044/wfs1-mutation-screening-in-a-large-series-of-japanese-hearing-loss-patients-massively-parallel-dna-sequencing-based-analysis
#15
Masafumi Kobayashi, Maiko Miyagawa, Shin-Ya Nishio, Hideaki Moteki, Taro Fujikawa, Kenji Ohyama, Hirofumi Sakaguchi, Ikuyo Miyanohara, Akiko Sugaya, Yasushi Naito, Shin-Ya Morita, Yukihiko Kanda, Masahiro Takahashi, Kotaro Ishikawa, Yuki Nagano, Tetsuya Tono, Chie Oshikawa, Chiharu Kihara, Haruo Takahashi, Yoshihiro Noguchi, Shin-Ichi Usami
A heterozygous mutation in the Wolfram syndrome type 1 gene (WFS1) causes autosomal dominant nonsyndromic hereditary hearing loss, DFNA6/14/38, or Wolfram-like syndrome. To date, more than 40 different mutations have been reported to be responsible for DFNA6/14/38. In the present study, WFS1 variants were screened in a large series of Japanese hearing loss (HL) patients to clarify the prevalence and clinical characteristics of DFNA6/14/38 and Wolfram-like syndrome. Massively parallel DNA sequencing of 68 target genes was performed in 2,549 unrelated Japanese HL patients to identify genomic variations responsible for HL...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29507954/patient-acceptance-of-invasive-treatments-for-tinnitus
#16
Jasper V Smit, Bart J Pielkenrood, Remo A G J Arts, Miranda L Janssen, Yasin Temel, Robert J Stokroos
Purpose: The field of neuromodulation is currently seeking to treat a wide range of disorders with various types of invasive devices. In recent years, several preclinical trials and case reports in humans have been published on their potential for chronic tinnitus. However, studies to obtain insight into patients' willingness to undergo these treatments are scarce. The aim of this survey study was to find out whether tinnitus patients are willing to undergo invasive neuromodulation when taking its risks, costs, and potential benefits into account...
March 5, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490548/simultaneous-cochlear-implantation-as-a-therapeutic-option-in-vestibular-schwannoma-surgery-case-report
#17
Pedro Helo Dos Santos Neto, Johnni Oswaldo Zamponi, Rogério Hamerschmidt, Gislaine Richter Minhoto Wiemes, Marcio S Rassi, Luis A B Borba
Hearing loss is the most common symptom of vestibular schwannomas (VSs). The management of these lesions includes observation, radiosurgery, and microsurgical resection. Hearing preservation and rehabilitation are the major challenges after the tumor treatment. A 43-year-old man with previous left-sided profound hearing loss and tinnitus presented with a 2-mm left-sided intracanalicular VS. The decision was made to perform a simultaneous cochlear implantation (CI) and microsurgical resection of the tumor. The patient did well postoperatively, with significant improvement of tinnitus, sound localization, and speech recognition in noise...
March 2018: Neurosurgical Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490517/effectiveness-of-earmuffs-in-protecting-hearing-during-shooting-practice-a-case-study
#18
Vishakha W Rawool, Chelsea Campbell
OBJECTIVE: This investigation was designed to determine the effectiveness of earmuffs worn by a single individual during shooting practice. DESIGN: Single subject experimental design. STUDY SAMPLE: A 21-year old female recreational shooter, who practiced shooting on a regular basis while using earmuffs participated in the study. She reported occasional noise exposures of other types including car races and demolition derbies but no hearing difficulties or symptoms such as tinnitus...
February 28, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29482989/clinicopathological-features-of-low-grade-malignant-endolymphatic-sac-tumors
#19
Hong-Qun Wang, Li Jie, Huai-Yin Shi
BACKGROUND: Low-grade malignant endolymphatic sac tumor (ELST) is a rare neoplasm, occurring in the inner ear and invading the temporal bone. This study aims to investigate the clinicopathological features of low-grade malignant ELSTs. METHODS: The clinicopathological data of 21 patients with low-grade malignant ELSTs were collected and analyzed. RESULTS: The patients were aged 16-71 years, with an average age of 40.3 years and a median age of 39 years, and the male to female ratio was 1:1...
March 2018: Pathology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466561/comment-on-hall-et-al-2017-how-to-choose-between-measures-of-tinnitus-loudness-for-clinical-research-a-report-on-the-reliability-and-validity-of-an-investigator-administered-test-and-a-patient-reported-measure-using-baseline-data-collected-in-a-phase-iia-drug
#20
Siamak Sabour
Purpose: The purpose of this letter, in response to Hall, Mehta, and Fackrell (2017), is to provide important knowledge about methodology and statistical issues in assessing the reliability and validity of an audiologist-administered tinnitus loudness matching test and a patient-reported tinnitus loudness rating. Method: The author uses reference textbooks and published articles regarding scientific assessment of the validity and reliability of a clinical test to discuss the statistical test and the methodological approach in assessing validity and reliability in clinical research...
March 8, 2018: American Journal of Audiology
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