keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

tinnitus types

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27913314/audiologic-characteristics-in-a-sample-of-recently-separated-military-veterans-the-noise-outcomes-in-servicemembers-epidemiology-study-noise-study
#1
J S Gordon, S E Griest, E J Thielman, K C Carlson, W J Helt, M S Lewis, C Blankenship, D Austin, S M Theodoroff, J A Henry
Military Service Members are often exposed to high levels of occupational noise, solvents, and other exposures that can be damaging to the auditory system. Little is known about hearing loss and how it progresses in Veterans following military service. This epidemiology study is designed to evaluate and monitor a cohort of Veterans for 20 years or more to determine how hearing loss changes over time and how those changes are related to noise exposure and other ototoxic exposures encountered during military service...
November 29, 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898604/long-term-symptom-specific-outcomes-for-patients-with-petrous-apex-cholesterol-granulomas-surgery-versus-observation
#2
Shawn M Stevens, Amy Manning, Myles L Pensak, Ravi N Samy
OBJECTIVE: Review long-term symptom-specific outcomes for petrous apex cholesterol granulomas (PACG). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Tertiary center. PATIENTS: Adults with PACG were assessed from 1998 to 2015. INTERVENTION(S): Symptomatic patients were stratified into surgical and observation subgroups. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S): Resolution rates of individual symptoms and chief complaints were assessed as was the impact of surgical approach and stent usage on symptom-specific outcomes...
November 24, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27895575/can-animal-models-contribute-to-understanding-tinnitus-heterogeneity-in-humans
#3
REVIEW
Jos J Eggermont
The brain activity of humans with tinnitus of various etiologies is typically studied with electro- and magneto-encephalography and functional magnetic resonance imaging-based imaging techniques. Consequently, they measure population responses and mostly from the neocortex. The latter also underlies changes in neural networks that may be attributed to tinnitus. However, factors not strictly related to tinnitus such as hearing loss and hyperacusis, as well as other co-occurring disorders play a prominent role in these changes...
2016: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865707/a-comprehensive-database-of-published-tdcs-clinical-trials-2005-2016
#4
REVIEW
Jean-Pascal Lefaucheur
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is a technique of noninvasive cortical stimulation allowing significant modification of brain functions. Clinical application of this technique was reported for the first time in March 2005. This paper presents a detailed list of the 340 articles (excluding single case reports) which have assessed the clinical effect of tDCS in patients, at least when delivered to cortical targets. The reviewed conditions were: pain syndromes, Parkinson's disease, dystonia, cerebral palsy, post-stroke limb motor impairment, post-stroke neglect, post-stroke dysphagia, post-stroke aphasia, primary progressive aphasia, multiple sclerosis, epilepsy, consciousness disorders, Alzheimer's disease and other types of dementia, tinnitus, depression, auditory hallucinations and negative symptoms of schizophrenia, addiction and craving, autism, and attention disorders...
December 2016: Neurophysiologie Clinique, Clinical Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825859/lifetime-leisure-music-exposure-associated-with-increased-frequency-of-tinnitus
#5
David R Moore, Oliver Zobay, Robert C Mackinnon, William M Whitmer, Michael A Akeroyd
Tinnitus has been linked to noise exposure, a common form of which is listening to music as a leisure activity. The relationship between tinnitus and type and duration of music exposure is not well understood. We conducted an internet-based population study that asked participants questions about lifetime music exposure and hearing, and included a hearing test involving speech intelligibility in noise, the High Frequency Digit Triplets Test. 4950 people aged 17-75 years completed all questions and the hearing test...
November 5, 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822679/a-review-of-hallucinogen-persisting-perception-disorder-hppd-and-an-exploratory-study-of-subjects-claiming-symptoms-of-hppd
#6
John H Halpern, Arturo G Lerner, Torsten Passie
Hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD) is rarely encountered in clinical settings. It is described as a re-experiencing of some perceptual distortions induced while intoxicated and suggested to subsequently cause functional impairment or anxiety. Two forms exist: Type 1, which are brief "flashbacks," and Type 2 claimed to be chronic, waxing, and waning over months to years. A review of HPPD is presented. In addition, data from a comprehensive survey of 20 subjects reporting Type-2 HPPD-like symptoms are presented and evaluated...
November 8, 2016: Current Topics in Behavioral Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27821396/morphine-induced-hearing-loss
#7
Leire Leache, Irene Aquerreta, Libe Moraza, Ana Ortega
PURPOSE: A case of severe bilateral sensorineural hearing loss associated with oral morphine is reported. SUMMARY: A 52-year-old Spanish man was admitted to the intensive care unit with a Glasgow Coma Scale score of 3, a fever, and sudden hearing loss with tinnitus in both ears. His medical history included type 2 diabetes mellitus, depression, sleep disorder, and hypertension. The patient also had pyelonephritis in 2011 and pulmonary embolism in 2014, requiring the placement of an inferior vena cava filter and chronic anticoagulation...
November 15, 2016: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27812001/dural-arteriovenous-fistula-masquerading-as-pulsatile-tinnitus-radiologic-assessment-and-clinical-implications
#8
Yong-Hwi An, Sungjun Han, Minhyung Lee, Jihye Rhee, O-Ki Kwon, Gyojun Hwang, Cheolkyu Jung, Yun Jung Bae, Gwang Seok An, Kyogu Lee, Ja-Won Koo, Jae-Jin Song
Pulsatile tinnitus (PT) is often an initial presenting symptom of dural arteriovenous fistula (dAVF), but it may be overlooked or diagnosed late if not suspected on initial diagnostic work-up. Here, we assess anatomical features, treatment outcomes, and clinical implications of patients with PT due to dAVF. Of 220 patients who were diagnosed with dAVF between 2003 and 2014, 30 (13.6%) presented with only PT as their initial symptom. The transverse-sigmoid sinus (70.0%) was the most common site, followed by the hypoglossal canal (10...
November 4, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805058/sulforaphane-a-natural-component-of-broccoli-inhibits-vestibular-schwannoma-growth-in-vitro-and-in-vivo
#9
Bo Gyung Kim, Takeshi Fujita, Konstantina M Stankovic, D Bradley Welling, In Seok Moon, Jae Young Choi, Jieun Yun, Jong Soon Kang, Jong Dae Lee
Vestibular schwannoma (VS) is an intracranial tumor that causes significant morbidity, including hearing loss, tinnitus, dizziness, and possibly even death from brainstem compression. However, FDA-approved pharmacologic treatments for VS do not exist. Sulforaphane (SFN) is a naturally occurring isothiocyanate found in cruciferous vegetables, such as broccoli, with potent chemoprotective effects in several cell types. Our objective was to determine whether SFN is effective against VS in vitro and in vivo. Human primary VS cells, HEI-193 schwannoma cells, and SC4 Nf2(-/-) Schwann cells were used to investigate the inhibitory effects of SFN in vitro...
November 2, 2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27755361/tinnitus-suppression-after-auditory-brainstem-implantation-in-patients-with-neurofibromatosis-type-2
#10
Daniel S Roberts, Steve Otto, Brian Chen, Kevin A Peng, Marc S Schwartz, Derald E Brackmann, John W House
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate whether an auditory brainstem implant (ABI) can impact levels of tinnitus in neurofibromatosis type-2 (NF2) patients who have undergone translabyrinthine craniotomy for vestibular schwannoma (VS) removal and to evaluate the burden of tinnitus in these patients. STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective case series and patient survey. SETTING: Tertiary neurotologic referral center. PATIENTS: NF2 patients who underwent translabyrinthine removal of VS and ABI placement between 1994 and 2015...
October 12, 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27745883/-conditional-probability-analysis-between-tinnitus-and-comorbidities-in-patients-attending-the-national-rehabilitation-institute-lgii-in-the-period-2012-2013
#11
Verónica Gómez Toledo, Ileana Gutiérrez Farfán, Antonio Verduzco-Mendoza, Emilio Arch-Tirado
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is defined as the conscious perception of a sensation of sound that occurs in the absence of an external stimulus. This audiological symptom affects 7% to 19% of the adult population. The aim of this study is to describe the associated comorbidities present in patients with tinnitus usingjoint and conditional probability analysis. PATIENTS: Patients of both genders, diagnosed with unilateral or bilateral tinnitus, aged between 20 and 45 years, and had a full computerised medical record, were selected...
October 13, 2016: Cirugia y Cirujanos
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27707812/spontaneous-activity-is-correlated-with-coding-density-in-primary-auditory-cortex
#12
David A Bender, Ruiye Ni, Dennis L Barbour
Sensory neurons across sensory modalities and specific processing areas have diverse levels of spontaneous firing rates (SFRs) in the absence of sensory stimuli. However, the functional significance of this spontaneous activity is not well understood. Previous studies in the auditory system have demonstrated that different levels of spontaneous activity are correlated with a variety of physiological and anatomical properties, suggesting that neurons with differing SFRs make unique contributions to the encoding of auditory stimuli...
October 5, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666709/-analysis-of-the-relevant-factors-for-recurrent-sudden-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#13
H Liang, S X Zhong
Objective: To investigate the possible factors related to recurrence and prognosis of sudden sensorineural hearing loss(SSNHL). Methods: Four hundred and ninety-five patients with unilateral sudden sensorineural hearing loss between January 2013 to April 2014 were analyzed retrospectively(34 patients lost to follow-up with a dropout rate of 6.87%). Twenty of the 495 patients were diagnosed as recurrent SSNHL and treated again in the same hospital. The data of the patients were summarized to analyze the related factors which might influence the recurrence and prognosis of SSNHL...
September 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27630564/reactive-neurogenesis-and-down-regulation-of-the-potassium-chloride-cotransporter-kcc2-in-the-cochlear-nuclei-after-cochlear-deafferentation
#14
Brahim Tighilet, Sophie Dutheil, Marina I Siponen, Arnaud J Noreña
While many studies have been devoted to investigating the homeostatic plasticity triggered by cochlear hearing loss, the cellular and molecular mechanisms involved in these central changes remain elusive. In the present study, we investigated the possibility of reactive neurogenesis after unilateral cochlear nerve section in the cochlear nucleus (CN) of cats. We found a strong cell proliferation in all the CN sub-divisions ipsilateral to the lesion. Most of the newly generated cells survive up to 1 month after cochlear deafferentation in all cochlear nuclei (except the dorsal CN) and give rise to a variety of cell types, i...
2016: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27614865/interaction-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-hypertension-on-risk-of-hearing-loss-in-highly-endogamous-population
#15
Abdulbari Bener, Abdulla O A A Al-Hamaq, Khalid Abdulhadi, Ahmed H Salahaldin, Loida Gansan
AIM: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of hearing loss and its association with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) in a highly endogamous population. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study. SETTING: The present study is carried out in Ear Nose Throat (ENT) and Endocrinology outpatient clinics of the Hamad General and Rumeilah Hospitals, Hamad Medical Corporation. SUBJECTS: All subjects aged between 20 and 59 years who visited the Endocrinology and ENT outpatient clinics of the Hamad Medical Corporation with hearing difficulty were included in this study during the period from January 2013 to July 2014...
September 5, 2016: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27582696/glast-deficiency-in-mice-exacerbates-gap-detection-deficits-in-a-model-of-salicylate-induced-tinnitus
#16
Hong Yu, Kim Vikhe Patil, Chul Han, Brian Fabella, Barbara Canlon, Shinichi Someya, Christopher R Cederroth
Gap detection or gap pre-pulse inhibition of the acoustic startle (GPIAS) has been successfully used in rat and guinea pig models of tinnitus, yet this system has been proven to have low efficacy in CBA mice, with low basal GPIAS and subtle tinnitus-like effects. Here, we tested five mouse strains (CBA, BalbC, CD-1, C57BL/6 and 129sv) for pre-pulse inhibition (PPI) and gap detection with varying interstimulus intervals (ISI) and found that mice from a CBA genetic background had the poorest capacities of suppressing the startle response in the presence of a pre-pulse or a gap...
2016: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27553899/auditory-thalamic-circuits-and-gabaa-receptor-function-putative-mechanisms-in-tinnitus-pathology
#17
Donald M Caspary, Daniel A Llano
Tinnitus is defined as a phantom sound (ringing in the ears), and can significantly reduce the quality of life for those who suffer its effects. Ten to fifteen percent of the general adult population report symptoms of tinnitus with 1-2% reporting that tinnitus negatively impacts their quality of life. Noise exposure is the most common cause of tinnitus and the military environment presents many challenging high-noise situations. Military noise levels can be so intense that standard hearing protection is not adequate...
August 20, 2016: Hearing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27541331/psychological-therapy-for-people-with-tinnitus-a-scoping-review-of-treatment-components
#18
Dean M Thompson, Deborah A Hall, Dawn-Marie Walker, Derek J Hoare
BACKGROUND: Tinnitus is associated with depression and anxiety disorders, severely and adversely affecting the quality of life and functional health status for some people. With the dearth of clinical psychologists embedded in audiology services and the cessation of training for hearing therapists in the UK, it is left to audiologists to meet the psychological needs of many patients with tinnitus. However, there is no universally standardized training or manualized intervention specifically for audiologists across the whole UK public healthcare system and similar systems elsewhere across the world...
August 18, 2016: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27531021/pathophysiology-of-the-inner-ear-after-blast-injury-caused-by-laser-induced-shock-wave
#19
Katsuki Niwa, Kunio Mizutari, Toshiyasu Matsui, Takaomi Kurioka, Takeshi Matsunobu, Satoko Kawauchi, Yasushi Satoh, Shunichi Sato, Akihiro Shiotani, Yasushi Kobayashi
The ear is the organ that is most sensitive to blast overpressure, and ear damage is most frequently seen after blast exposure. Blast overpressure to the ear results in sensorineural hearing loss, which is untreatable and is often associated with a decline in the quality of life. In this study, we used a rat model to demonstrate the pathophysiological and structural changes in the inner ear that replicate pure sensorineural hearing loss associated with blast injury using laser-induced shock wave (LISW) without any conductive hearing loss...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27513825/transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-epilepsy
#20
REVIEW
Ricky Chen, David C Spencer, Jennifer Weston, Sarah J Nolan
BACKGROUND: Epilepsy is a highly prevalent neurological condition characterized by repeated unprovoked seizures with various etiologies. Although antiepileptic medications produce clinical improvement in most individuals, nearly a third of individuals have drug-resistant epilepsy that carries significant morbidity and mortality. There remains a need for non-invasive and more effective therapies for this population. Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) uses electromagnetic coils to excite or inhibit neurons, with repetitive pulses at low-frequency producing an inhibitory effect that could conceivably reduce cortical excitability associated with epilepsy...
2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
keyword
keyword
112879
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"