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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347860/alteration-of-auditory-function-in-type-2-diabetic-and-pre-diabetic-patients
#1
Jin Li, Yi Zhang, Xinxing Fu, Jingtao Bi, Yanhong Li, Bo Liu, Luo Zhang
BACKGROUND: The association between type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) and hearing loss has not been fully investigated and there is little information on the effects of pre-diabetes on alterations in auditory function in Chinese subjects. METHODS: The study recruited 51 patients with T2DM, 55 patients with pre-diabetes and 43 control subjects. Auditory function was assessed by pure tone audiometry (PTA) tests and distortion product of otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs)...
January 18, 2018: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336133/effects-of-tinnitus-retraining-therapy-with-different-colours-of-sound
#2
Stefania Barozzi, Umberto Ambrosetti, Susanna Løve Callaway, Thomas Behrens, Silvia Passoni, Luca Del Bo
BACKGROUND: In Tinnitus Retraining Therapy (TRT) sound stimulation is conventionally performed with low-level broadband sound generators; since the patient has to receive it for many hours in a day, it is important that the sound is tolerable and agreeable to the patient. A clinical trial was undertaken to evaluate the effect of different colour sound generators on tinnitus. The colour of a sound refers to the power spectrum of the signal. The sound generators used in this study provide the option to choose the preferred or most acceptable sound among white, red and pink noise...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336132/auditory-system-synchronization-and-cochlear-function-in-patients-with-normal-hearing-with-tinnitus-comparison-of-multiple-feature-with-longer-duration-and-single-feature-with-shorter-duration-tinnitus
#3
Sujoy Kumar Makar, Geetha Mukundan, Geeta Gore
OBJECTIVE: To observe cochlear and brainstem function in normal hearing ears with tinnitus using DPOAE and ABR audiometry. DESIGN: Case-control study. SAMPLE SIZE: Included 60 normal hearing male patients with age less than 45 years; control group consisted of 30 patients without tinnitus and the study group consisted of those with unilateral tinnitus of at least 6 month duration. Pure tone audiometry, tinnitus matching (pitch & loudness), DPOAE (SNR & Amplitude) and ABR results of absolute latency of wave I, III and V, with IPL difference of I-III, III-V & I-V, and ILD-V were investigated...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336124/masking-treatment-and-its-effect-on-tinnitus-parameters
#4
Ismail Aytac, Elif Baysal, Secaattin Gulsen, Koray Tumuklu, Cengiz Durucu, Lütfi Semih Mumbuc, MUzaffer Kanlikama
OBJECTIVE: Tinnitus is described as the perception of sound without any external acoustic stimulation. Any pathology of auditory pathways or any system of the human body may result with tinnitus. The pathophysiology of tinnitus accompanying the disorders of auditory system is not fully understood and there is not any particular effective treatment method has been specified. Tinnitus masking therapy has been reported as an effective treatment modality in the treatment of tinnitus. In this study, the results of tinnitus masking treatment on the parameters were evaluated prospectively...
December 1, 2017: International Tinnitus Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335001/different-clinical-presentation-and-management-of-temporal-bone-fibrous-dysplasia-in-children
#5
REVIEW
Józef Mierzwiński, Justyna Kosowska, Justyna Tyra, Karolina Haber, Maria Drela, Dariusz Paczkowski, Paweł Burduk
BACKGROUND: Fibrous dysplasia is a slowly progressive benign fibro-osseous disorder that involves one or multiple bones with a unilateral distribution in most cases. It is a lesion of unknown etiology, uncertain pathogenesis, and diverse histopathology. Temporal bone involvement is the least frequently reported type, especially in children. We reviewed available articles regarding fibrous dysplasia with temporal bone involvement in children and added four patients aged 7 to 17 years who were diagnosed and treated in our institution from 2006 to 2017...
January 15, 2018: World Journal of Surgical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29279723/diagnostics-and-therapy-of-vestibular-schwannomas-an-interdisciplinary-challenge
#6
REVIEW
Steffen Rosahl, Christopher Bohr, Michael Lell, Klaus Hamm, Heinrich Iro
Vestibular schwannomas (VS) expand slowly in the internal auditory canal, in the cerebellopontine angle, inside the cochlear and the labyrinth. Larger tumors can displace and compress the brainstem. With an annual incidence of 1:100,000 vestibular schwannoma represent 6-7% of all intracranial tumors. In the cerebellopontine angle they are by far the most neoplasm with 90% of all lesions located in this region. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), audiometry, and vestibular diagnostics are the mainstays of the clinical workup for patients harboring tumors...
2017: GMS Current Topics in Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29243076/pta-stent-of-dural-sinuses-in-brain-davf-a%C3%A2-report-of-4-cases
#7
Leonardo Renieri, Caterina Michelozzi, Waleed Brinjikji, Jean Darcout, Adrien Guenego, Ivan Vukasinovic, Philippe Tall, Fabrice Bonneville, Anne-Christine Januel, Christophe Cognard
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Type I and IIa dural arteriovenous fistulas (DAVFs) have a low hemorrhagic risk, but are often the cause of debilitating tinnitus that requires treatment. While Onyx® and PHIL™ (Precipitating hydrophobic injectable liquid) transarterial embolization represent the first endovascular option, there are occasional cases where performing angioplasty and stenting of the affected sinus may lead to satisfactory results. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed four consecutive cases of patients with DAVF-induced pulsatile tinnitus secondary to type I and II DAVFs who were treated with angioplasty and stenting of the sinus only...
December 14, 2017: Clinical Neuroradiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192624/role-of-trichloroacetic-acid-and-gelfoam-in-closure-of-tympanic-membrane-perforations
#8
M Singh, M Kaur, B Singh, K Singh, A Singh, A Kaur
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to study the closure of dry central type of tympanic membrane perforations by chemical cautery and improvement of hearing, to analyse the effect of Gelfoam on nonhealing small tympanic membrane perforations, and to examine the relevance of conservative means of closure of tympanic membrane perforations as an office procedure. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this study, 100 patients attending the outpatient department were enrolled. Cautery of perforation margin was carried out with 50% trichloroacetic acid (TCA)...
October 2017: Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29189522/combined-amplification-and-sound-generation-for-tinnitus-a-scoping-review
#9
Lindsey Tutaj, Derek J Hoare, Magdalena Sereda
OBJECTIVES: In most cases, tinnitus is accompanied by some degree of hearing loss. Current tinnitus management guidelines recognize the importance of addressing hearing difficulties, with hearing aids being a common option. Sound therapy is the preferred mode of audiological tinnitus management in many countries, including in the United Kingdom. Combination instruments provide a further option for those with an aidable hearing loss, as they combine amplification with a sound generation option...
November 17, 2017: Ear and Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188734/psychiatric-axis-i-and-personality-axis-ii-disorders-and-subjective-psychiatric-symptoms-in-chronic-tinnitus
#10
Hanna Sahlsten, Tero Taiminen, Max Karukivi, Noora Sjösten, Johanna Nikkilä, Juuso Virtanen, Janika Paavola, Juho Joutsa, Katri Niinivirta-Joutsa, Mari Takala, Anu Holm, Esa Rauhala, Eliisa Löyttyniemi, Reijo Johansson, Satu K Jääskeläinen
OBJECTIVE: Chronic tinnitus has been associated with several psychiatric disorders. Only few studies have investigated these disorders using validated diagnostic interviews. The aims were to diagnose psychiatric and personality disorders with structured interviews, to assess self-rated psychiatric symptoms and elucidate temporal relations between psychiatric disorders and tinnitus. DESIGN: Current and lifetime DSM-IV diagnoses of axis-I (psychiatric disorders) and axis-II (personality disorders) were assessed using structured clinical interviews (SCID-I and -II)...
November 30, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184482/identification-of-candidate-allosteric-modulators-of-the-m1-muscarinic-acetylcholine-receptor-which-may-improve-vagus-nerve-stimulation-in-chronic-tinnitus
#11
Tijana Bojić, Vladimir R Perović, Milan Senćanski, Sanja Glišić
Chronic tinnitus is characterized by neuroplastic changes of the auditory cortex. A promising method for therapy of chronic tinnitus is vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) combined with auditory stimulation. The principle of VNS is reversal of pathological neuroplastic changes of the auditory cortex toward physiological neural activity and synchronicity. The VNS mechanism of action in chronic tinnitus patients is prevailingly through the muscarinic neuromodulation of the auditory cortex by the activation of nc. basalis Meynerti...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183894/dying-art-of-a-history-and-physical-pulsatile-tinnitus
#12
Jonathan Lee, Zoltan Fekete
Modern medicine often leaves the history and physical by the wayside. Physicians instead skip directly to diagnostic modalities like MRI and angiography. In this case report, we discuss a patient who presented with migraine symptoms. Auscultation revealed signs of pulsatile tinnitus. Further imaging concluded that it was secondary to a type I dural arteriovenous fistula. Thanks to a proper and thorough history and physical, the patient was streamlined into an accurate and efficient work-up leading to symptomatic relief and quality of life improvement...
November 27, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29160511/the-importance-of-audiometric-monitoring-in-patients-with-multidrug-resistant-tuberculosis
#13
Karla Anacleto de Vasconcelos, Silvana Maria Monte Coelho Frota, Antonio Ruffino-Netto, Afrânio Lineu Kritski
INTRODUCTION: A total of 771 cases of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) were reported in Brazil in 2014. Treatment of MDR-TB with aminoglycosides can produce serious side effects such as permanent and irreversible hearing loss, which occurs in 5-64% of cases, and severely compromise patient quality of life. The goal of this research was to evaluate auditory and vestibular side effects in patients treated for MDR-TB and to identify associations between these complaints and the type of aminoglycoside used...
September 2017: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132251/hearing-impairment-is-common-among-saami-adults-in-northern-finland
#14
Venla Lohi, Pasi Ohtonen, Pekka Aikio, Martti Sorri, Elina Mäki-Torkko, Samuli Hannula
The Saami are the only indigenous population in Europe and their traditional living area is northern Scandinavia. Hearing impairment (HI) among Saami has not been studied before. The objective was to investigate the presence and type of HI among Saami adults, aged 49-77 years (median age 61 years), living in northern Finland. In addition, the presence of self-reported hearing difficulties, difficulties to hear in background noise and tinnitus were studied. An epidemiological, cross-sectional study encompassing a structured interview, otological examination and audiometry was performed...
2017: International Journal of Circumpolar Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063965/prognostic-and-influencing-factors-of-tinnitus-in-chronic-otitis-media-after-tympanoplasty
#15
Ping Guo, Wenfang Sun, Wuqing Wang
The purpose of this study is to investigate what characteristics of tinnitus in patients with chronic otitis media was reduced after tympanoplasty and to assess the relationship between post-operative tinnitus reduction and pre-operative tinnitus tone, tinnitus duration, post-operative hearing recovery, and tympanogram. Medical records were prospective between March 2013 and May 2016. Audiologic evaluation by pure tone audiometry and acoustic impedance and tinnitus assessment using scores on the Tinnitus Handicap Inventory (THI) was conducted preoperatively and 6 months post-operatively...
October 24, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036751/-diagnosis-and-management-of-vestibular-schwannomas-an-interdisciplinary-challenge
#16
Steffen Rosahl, Christopher Bohr, Michael Lell, Klaus Hamm, Heinrich Iro
Vestibular schwannomas expand slowly in the internal auditory canal, in the cerebellopontine angle, inside the cochlear and the labyrinth. Larger tumors can displace and compress the brainstem. With an annual incidence of 1:100 000 vestibular schwannoma represent 6-7% of all intracranial tumors. In the cerebellopontine angle they are by far the most neoplasm with 90% of all lesions located in this region. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), audiometry, and vestibular diagnostics are the mainstays of the clinical workup for patients harboring tumors...
April 2017: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022411/comparison-of-acoustic-therapies-for-tinnitus-suppression-a-preliminary-trial
#17
Maggie L Schad, Garnett P McMillan, Emily J Thielman, Katherine Groon, Charlotte Morse-Fortier, Jennifer L Martin, James A Henry
OBJECTIVE: This study obtained preliminary data using two types of sound therapy to suppress tinnitus and/or reduce its functional effects: (1) Notched noise (1000-12,000 Hz notched within a 1-octave range centred around the tinnitus pitch match [PM] frequency); and (2) Matched noise (1-octave wide band of noise centred around the PM frequency). A third (Placebo) group listened to low frequency noise (250-700 Hz). DESIGN: Participants with bothersome tinnitus were randomised into one of the three groups and instructed to listen to the acoustic stimulus for 6 hours a day for 2 weeks...
October 12, 2017: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28984806/petrous-apex-cholesterol-granulomas-outcomes-complications-and-hearing-results-from-surgical-and-wait-and-scan-management
#18
Golda Grinblat, Ashish Vashishth, Francesco Galetti, Antonio Caruso, Mario Sanna
OBJECTIVE: 1. To analyze the surgical outcomes in the management of petrous apex cholesterol granulomas (PACG) with a brief literature review.2. To evaluate the importance of wait-and-scan management option. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective review. SETTING: Quaternary referral center for otology and skull base surgery. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Charts of 55 patients with at least 12 months of follow-up were analyzed for demographic, clinical, audiometric, and radiological features...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28923485/functional-data-analysis-of-single-trial-auditory-evoked-potentials-recorded-in-the-awake-rat
#19
Ondřej Pokora, Jan Koláček, Tzai-Wen Chiu, Wei Qiu
Evoked potentials (EPs) reflect neural processing and are widely used to study sensory perception. However, methods of analyzing EP have been limited mostly to the conventional ensemble averaging of EP response trials to a repeated stimulus, and less so to single-trials analysis. Here we applied a new approach - functional data analysis (FDA) - to study auditory EP in the rat model of tinnitus, in which overdoses of salicylate (SS) are known to alter sound perception characteristically, as the same way as in humans...
November 2017: Bio Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28922875/stent-placement-for-disabling-pulsatile-tinnitus-caused-by-a-lateral-sinus-stenosis-a-retrospective-study
#20
Stéphanie Lenck, Marc-Antoine Labeyrie, Fabrice Vallee, Jean-Pierre Saint-Maurice, Antoine Guillonnet, Anne-Laure Bernat, Pierre Vironneau, Emmanuel Houdart
BACKGROUND: Lateral sinus stenosis is a little-known cause for pulsatile tinnitus (PT). In several small series, stenting has been described as an effective treatment for disabling PT linked with this type of stenosis. OBJECTIVES: To describe the clinical, radiological, and manometric characteristics of patients treated for disabling PT by lateral sinus stenosis. Assessment of the efficacy of stenting for this indication. METHODS: Retrospective study of patients treated for isolated PT by stenting of a lateral sinus stenosis in our institution, between 2009 and 2015...
October 1, 2017: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
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