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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28549682/epidemiology-of-vestibular-disorders-in-the-otoneurology-unit
#1
Gloria Guerra-Jiménez, Alejandra Arenas Rodríguez, Juan Carlos Falcón González, Daniel Pérez Plasencia, Ángel Ramos Macías
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: The set of symptoms relating to disorders of the balance system are common in the general population. However, there are few studies quantifying the frequency of onset of the various vestibular disorders that present in specialist otoneurology units in the Spanish population. The aim of this study is to establish the epidemiology of vestibular disorders, their form of presentation, and the expected care burden in a specialist otoneurology clinic. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A retrospective, descriptive, observational study of patients referred to the otoneurology unit of a third level hospital between 1/1/2015 and 31/12/2015...
May 23, 2017: Acta Otorrinolaringológica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538472/efficacy-of-intratympanic-gentamicin-in-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease-with-and-without-migraine
#2
Yuan F Liu, Elizabeth Renk, Steven D Rauch, Helen X Xu
OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy of intratympanic gentamicin injection (ITG) on vertigo control, drop attacks, and functional level in Ménière's disease patients with and without a history of migraine. PATIENTS: Ménière's disease patients (patients with migraine and age- and sex-matched control patients without migraine) treated from 2002 to 2012 who failed medical management and received ITG, with a minimum 2-year follow up. INTERVENTION: ITG...
May 22, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527080/vestibular-migraine-who-is-the-patient
#3
Bruno Colombo, Roberto Teggi
Vestibular migraine has been classified as a specific entity in which vestibular symptomatology is defined as part of the migrainous disorder. New and appropriate diagnostic criteria have been proposed by the Barany and International Headache Societies. The diagnosis of vestibular migraine mainly depends on the patient history. The NIVE project is a prospectic multicentric study on vestibular migraine. The aim of this project is to evaluate demographics, epidemiology, clinical manifestations of migraine and vertigo in a large cohort of Caucasian patients affected by vestibular migraine...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527079/endolymphatic-hydrops-in-idiopathic-intracranial-hypertension-prevalence-and-clinical-outcome-after-lumbar-puncture-preliminary-data
#4
Angelo Ranieri, Michele Cavaliere, Stefania Sicignano, Pietro Falco, Federico Cautiero, Roberto De Simone
Idiopathic intracranial hypertension is characterized by raised intracranial pressure (ICP) without any underlying pathology, presenting with (IIH) or without papilledema (IIHWOP). Headache, often on daily basis, is the most frequent symptom. Among audiovestibular symptoms, tinnitus and dizziness are commonly reported, while vertigo and hearing impairment are infrequent reports. Endolymphatic hydrops (ELH) is the typical histopathologic feature of Ménière disease, a condition featured by episodes of vertigo, dizziness, fluctuating hearing loss, tinnitus, and aural fullness...
May 2017: Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28429801/the-dizzy-patient-don-t-forget-disorders-of-the-central-vestibular-system
#5
REVIEW
Thomas Brandt, Marianne Dieterich
Vertigo and dizziness are among the most common complaints in neurology clinics, and they account for about 13% of the patients entering emergency units. In this Review, we focus on central vestibular disorders, which are mostly attributable to acute unilateral lesions of the bilateral vestibular circuitry in the brain. In a tertiary interdisciplinary outpatient dizziness unit, central vestibular disorders, including vestibular migraine, comprise about 25% of the established diagnoses. The signs and symptoms of these disorders can mimic those of peripheral vestibular disorders with sustained rotational vertigo...
April 21, 2017: Nature Reviews. Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395427/-etiological-analysis-on-patients-in-department-of-vertigo-and-dizziness-oriented-outpatient
#6
F Li, X G Wang, J H Zhuang, Y Chen, X W Zhou, B Gao, H H Gu
Objective: We aimed to explore the spectrum of causes for patients in department of vertigo and dizziness oriented outpatient, in order to provide a reference for diagnosis and treatment of patients with vertigo or dizziness. Methods: Retrospective analysis were carried out with clinical data of patients in our department of vertigo and dizziness oriented outpatient. The target group under study was diagnosed based on the uniform diagnostic criteria, and re-visiting patients were excluded. Results: This clinical study was conducted on 5 348 cases, who visited our vertigo and dizziness oriented outpatient from December 2012 to July 2015...
April 11, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395426/-analysis-of-the-clinical-features-of-vestibular-migraine-with-mri-changes
#7
F Qiu, D D Song, Q F Guo, Q Q Wang, Z W Wang, J G Liu, Y Y Wang, X K Qi
Objective: To investigate the clinical features of vestibular migraine with MRI changes. Methods: The clinical data of 150 patients with vestibular migraine completing MRI examination in navy general hospital from August 2008 to August 2016 were retrospectively analyzed.Clinical features of 94 (62.7%) vestibular migraine patients with MRI changes were collected and analyzed according to the medical history, clinical symptoms and signs, as well as the result of auxiliary examinations. Results: The manifestations of MRI in vestibular migraine patients were mainly multiple punctate equal T(1) and long T(2) signals or high signals on FLAIR (fluid attenuated inversion recovery) in subcortical white matter...
April 11, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285826/the-clinical-manifestations-of-vestibular-migraine-a-review
#8
REVIEW
Ashley P O'Connell Ferster, Adrian J Priesol, Huseyin Isildak
OBJECTIVES: To provide an overview of vestibular migraines presentation, pathology, and diagnosis, as well as an update on current diagnostic criteria. METHODS: A review of the most recent literature on vestibular migraines was performed. RESULTS: Vestibular migraine is a process with significant impact on the quality of life for those afflicted with the disease, with attacks of spontaneous or positional vertigo and migraine symptoms lasting several minutes to 72h...
March 9, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28280987/vestibular-migraine-patients-are-more-anxious-than-migraine-patients-without-vestibular-symptoms
#9
Özge Kutay, Gülden Akdal, Pembe Keskinoğlu, Birgül Dönmez Balcı, Tunç Alkın
The link between vertigo and anxiety is well known. The aim of this study is to compare anxiety disorders in 3 groups: patients with vestibular migraine (VM), patients with migraine but without vertigo (MO) and healthy controls (HC).We performed cross-sectional analysis of following tests: (a) Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale (HAMA); (b) State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI-X1 and STAI-X2); (c) Beck Depression Inventory (BDI); (d) Panic-Agoraphobic Scale and (e) Penn State Worry Questionnaire (PSWQ). ANOVA, Kruskal-Wallis and Chi-square tests were used for comparisons and least significant difference was used for further post-hoc analysis...
March 9, 2017: Journal of Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202097/independent-prescriber-physiotherapist-led-balance-clinic-the-southport-and-ormskirk-pathway
#10
L Burrows, T H Lesser, A V Kasbekar, N Roland, M Billing
OBJECTIVE: To report the introduction and impact of non-medical prescribing, initiated to improve patient pathways for those presenting with dizziness and balance disorders. METHODS: The Southport and Ormskirk physiotherapy-led vestibular clinic sees and treats all patients with dizziness and balance disorders referred to the ENT department. Letters are triaged by an audiologist, who also performs an otological examination and hearing test; this is followed by an assessment with the independent prescriber physiotherapist...
May 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28167008/prevalence-of-vestibular-and-balance-disorders-in-children-and-adolescents-according-to-age-a-multi-center-study
#11
MULTICENTER STUDY
Jong Dae Lee, Chang-Hee Kim, Seok Min Hong, Sung Huhn Kim, Myung-Whan Suh, Min-Beom Kim, Dae Bo Shim, Hosuk Chu, No Hee Lee, Minbum Kim, Sung Kwang Hong, Jae-Hyun Seo
OBJECTIVES: Children differ from adults in the expression of dizziness symptoms and the causes of dizziness. In several studies, benign paroxysmal vertigo of childhood (BPVC) and vestibular migraine (VM) were seen exclusively in children with vertigo, but the age threshold used to define 'children' varies, and there are few reported studies about adolescents with dizziness. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of vestibular and balance disorders according to age category in a multi-center study (otolaryngology departments of 11 hospitals) of children and adolescents...
March 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27981543/cognitive-impairment-and-quality-of-life-in-patients-with-migraine-associated-vertigo
#12
N Wang, H-L Huang, H Zhou, C-Y Yu
OBJECTIVE: To study the impact of migraine-associated vertigo (MV) on the cognitive state of patients and their quality of life. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 120 patients were enrolled in the study, including 40 diagnosed with MV, forty with a simple migraine and 40 healthy volunteers. Cognitive assessments were done using the mini-mental state examination (MMSE), and a battery of tests for cognitive functions in performance, memory, language, space and attention during interictal periods...
December 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27910089/bilateral-endolymphatic-hydrops-in-a-patient-with-migraine-variant-without-vertigo-a-case-report
#13
Isabelle Y Liu, Akira Ishiyama, Ali R Sepahdari, Kevin Johnson, Gail Ishiyama
OBJECTIVE: To use modern high-resolution inner ear imaging modalities to evaluate for endolymphatic hydrops (EH) in a patient with migraine-associated fluctuating hearing loss without vertigo spells or dizziness. BACKGROUND: EH has been well described in patients with Meniere's disease on both human temporal bone studies and modern high-resolution imaging; however, there is no study to date, to our knowledge, that examines the presence of EH in a patient with migraine and bilateral hearing loss...
March 2017: Headache
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873123/vestibular-migraine-in-children-and-adolescents
#14
REVIEW
Thyra Langhagen, Mirjam N Landgraf, Doreen Huppert, Florian Heinen, Klaus Jahn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The goal of this review is to provide an actualized overview on vestibular migraine in childhood and adolescence, with focus on the epidemiology and clinical presentation as well as its treatment. RECENT FINDINGS: Vertigo spells in childhood can evolve into other periodic syndromes and/or migraine types and persist even into adulthood. Vestibular migraine (VM) and benign paroxysmal vertigo are the most common causes of vertigo in children and adolescents...
December 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837419/genetics-of-ion-homeostasis-in-m%C3%A3-ni%C3%A3-re-s-disease
#15
Roberto Teggi, Laura Zagato, Simona Delli Carpini, Lorena Citterio, Claudia Cassandro, Roberto Albera, Wen-Yi Yang, Jan A Staessen, Mario Bussi, Paolo Manunta, Chiara Lanzani
Aim of this work was to assess the role of polymorphisms belonging to genes involved in the regulation of ionic homeostasis in Caucasian patients with Ménière Disease (MD). We recruited 155 patients with definite Ménière Disease and 186 controls (Control Group 1) without a lifetime history of vertigo, overlapping with patients for age and rate of hypertension. We validated the positive results on 413 Caucasian subjects selected from a European general population (Control Group 2). The clinical history for migraine and hypertension was collected; genomic DNA was characterized for a panel of 33 SNPs encoding proteins involved in ionic transport...
February 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27746761/vestibular-function-tests-for-vestibular-migraine-clinical-implication-of-video-head-impulse-and-caloric-tests
#16
Woo Seok Kang, Sang Hun Lee, Chan Joo Yang, Joong Ho Ahn, Jong Woo Chung, Hong Ju Park
Vestibular migraine (VM) is one of the most common causes of episodic vertigo. We reviewed the results of multiple vestibular function tests in a cohort of VM patients who were diagnosed with VM according to the diagnostic criteria of the Barany Society and the International Headache Society and assessed the efficacy of each for predicting the prognosis in VM patients. A retrospective chart analysis was performed on 81 VM patients at a tertiary care center from June 2014 to July 2015. Patients were assessed by the video head impulse test (vHIT), caloric test, vestibular-evoked myogenic potentials (VEMPs), and sensory organization test (SOT) at the initial visit and then evaluated for symptomatic improvement after 6 months...
2016: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638083/vertigo-and-dizziness-in-children
#17
K Jahn
Vertigo and dizziness of at least moderate severity occur in >5% of school-aged children and cause considerable restrictions in participation in school and leisure activity. More than 50% of dizzy children also have headache. Vestibular migraine and benign paroxysmal vertigo as a migraine precursor are the most common diagnoses in dizziness clinics for children and adolescents. They account for 30-60% of diagnoses. Other common causes are somatoform, orthostatic, or posttraumatic dizziness. All other disorders that are known to cause vertigo and dizziness in adults also occur in children, but incidence rates are usually lower...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638080/vestibular-migraine
#18
REVIEW
M von Brevern, T Lempert
During the last decades a new vestibular syndrome has emerged that is now termed vestibular migraine (VM). The main body of evidence for VM is provided by epidemiologic data demonstrating a strong association between migraine and vestibular symptoms. Today, VM is recognized as one of the most common causes of episodic vertigo. The clinical presentation of VM is heterogeneous in terms of vestibular symptoms, duration of episodes, and association with migrainous accompaniments. Similar to migraine, there is no clinical or laboratory confirmation for VM and the diagnosis relies on the history and the exclusion of other disorders...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27638064/vestibular-symptoms-and-history-taking
#19
REVIEW
A Bisdorff
History taking is an essential part in the diagnostic process of vestibular disorders. The approach to focus strongly on the quality of symptoms, like vertigo, dizziness, or unsteadiness, is not that useful as these symptoms often coexist and are all nonspecific, as each of them may arise from vestibular and nonvestibular diseases (like cardiovascular disease) and do not permit to distinguish potentially dangerous from benign causes. Instead, patients should be categorized if they have an acute, episodic, or chronic vestibular syndrome (AVS, EVS, or CVS) to narrow down the spectrum of differential diagnosis...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27595924/health-related-quality-of-life-and-disability-in-patients-with-acute-unilateral-peripheral-vestibular-disorders
#20
Maria Petri, Magdalena Chirilă, Sorana D Bolboacă, Marcel Cosgarea
INTRODUCTION: Health-related quality of life (HRQoL) is used to denote that portion of the quality of life that is influenced by the person's health. OBJECTIVES: To compare the HRQoL of individuals with vestibular disorders of peripheral origin by analyzing functional, emotional and physical disabilities before and after vestibular treatment. METHODS: A prospective, non randomized case-controlled study was conduced in the ENT Department, between January 2015 and December 2015...
August 24, 2016: Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology
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