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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29027621/use-of-carboxyhemoglobin-as-a-biomarker-of-environmental-co-exposure-critical-evaluation-of-the-literature
#1
Agnese Veronesi, Valentina Pecoraro, Stefano Zauli, Marta Ottone, Giovanni Leonardi, Paolo Lauriola, Tommaso Trenti
Carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning is the primary cause for access to emergency department (ED) services for more than 50,000 persons in Europe and the USA every year. CO poisoning diagnosis is based on multiple factors and is usually confirmed by high carboxyhemoglobin (COHb) levels in the blood. We conducted a systematic evaluation of literature to investigate the usefulness of COHb as a biomarker of environmental CO exposure. We conducted an electronic search in Medline, Embase, and the Cochrane Library databases...
October 13, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864027/efficacy-and-safety-of-tribendimidine-tribendimidine-plus-ivermectin-tribendimidine-plus-oxantel-pamoate-and-albendazole-plus-oxantel-pamoate-against-hookworm-and-concomitant-soil-transmitted-helminth-infections-in-tanzania-and-c%C3%A3-te-d-ivoire-a-randomised-controlled
#2
Wendelin Moser, Jean T Coulibaly, Said M Ali, Shaali M Ame, Amour K Amour, Richard B Yapi, Marco Albonico, Maxim Puchkov, Jörg Huwyler, Jan Hattendorf, Jennifer Keiser
BACKGROUND: Preventive chemotherapy is the current strategy to control soil-transmitted helminth infections (caused by Ascaris lumbricoides, hookworm, and Trichuris trichiura). But, to improve efficacy and avoid emerging resistance, new drugs are warranted. Tribendimidine has shown good anthelmintic efficacy and is therefore a frontrunner for monotherapy and combination chemotherapy. METHODS: We did a randomised, controlled, single-blinded, non-inferiority trial on Pemba Island, Tanzania, and in Côte d'Ivoire...
August 29, 2017: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28818149/cerebellar-infarction-presenting-with-acute-vestibular-syndrome-in-two-u-s-air-force-pilots
#3
Roger R Hesselbrock
BACKGROUND: Cerebellar infarction is an uncommon but serious cause of isolated acute vestibular symptoms, particularly in young, healthy individuals, and can easily be overlooked. We present two cases of cerebellar infarction in U.S. Air Force pilots, one of which occurred during flight. CASE REPORTS: A 41-yr-old man developed acute vertigo, disequilibrium, nausea, and headache, with progressive slow symptomatic improvement, and presented to medical attention 4 d after symptom onset...
September 1, 2017: Aerospace Medicine and Human Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693439/combatting-pain-after-orthopedic-trauma-surgery-perioperative-oral-extended-release-tapentadol-vs-extended-release-oxycodone-naloxone
#4
Gertrud Haeseler, Dirk Schaefers, Natalie Prison, Jörg Ahrens, Xiaofei Liu, Annika Karch
BACKGROUND: High post-operative pain scores after "minor" orthopedic/trauma surgery are in part attributed to inadequate prescription of opioid analgesics. Novel concepts aiming to achieve sufficient analgesia while minimizing opioid-related side effects by avoiding fluctuating plasma levels are based on perioperative oral administration of extended-release opioids beginning with the first dose pre-operatively. This is the first study to evaluate analgesic efficacy and side effect rates of extended-release tapentadol compared to oxycodone/naloxone following orthopedic/trauma surgery...
July 11, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28346294/diagnosis-and-treatment-of-vestibular-neuritis-neuronitis-or-peripheral-vestibulopathy-pvp-open-questions-and-possible-answers
#5
Stefan C A Hegemann, Angela Wenzel
: The acute vestibular syndrome is a clinically defined entity consisting of vertigo or dizziness that develops acutely over minutes to hours and is accompanied by nausea/vomiting, gait instability, head motion intolerance, and nystagmus, while persisting over a day or more. When it is caused by a peripheral vestibular lesion and is not associated with clinically manifest auditory deficits, it is mostly labeled vestibular neuritis/neuronitis/neuropathy or sometimes peripheral vestibulopathy. Here, we propose hypotheses and discuss current research advances on viral or vascular factors in the pathogenesis, the recurrence, the site of lesion, old and new treatment options, contraindicated measures, the differential diagnosis, and the prognosis of vestibular neuritis/neuronitis/neuropathy or vestibulopathy...
June 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28298022/magnetic-resonance-guided-focused-ultrasound-thalamotomy-for-tremor-a-report-of-30-parkinson-s-disease-and-essential-tremor-cases
#6
Menashe Zaaroor, Alon Sinai, Dorith Goldsher, Ayelet Eran, Maria Nassar, Ilana Schlesinger
OBJECTIVE Thalamotomy of the ventral intermediate nucleus (VIM) is effective in alleviating medication-resistant tremor in patients with essential tremor (ET) and Parkinson's disease (PD). MR-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) is an innovative technology that enables noninvasive thalamotomy via thermal ablation. METHODS Patients with severe medication-resistant tremor underwent unilateral VIM thalamotomy using MRgFUS. Effects on tremor were evaluated using the Clinical Rating Scale for Tremor (CRST) in patients with ET and by the motor part of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS) in patients with PD and ET-PD (defined as patients with ET who developed PD many years later)...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042016/spontaneous-intraventricular-hemorrhage-a-rare-presentation-of-a-skull-base-mesenchymal-chondrosarcoma
#7
Altaf Ali Laghari, Gohar Javed, Muhammad Faheem Khan, Syed Ijlal Ahmed, Karim Rizwan Nathani, Riyasat Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Chondrosarcomas are very rare malignant, slow-growing tumors that develop in or near the petroclival region of the brain. We report a very rare case in which the tumor originated from left petrous bone and induced intraventricular hemorrhage leading to an acute comatose presentation. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 28-year-old man initially presented to the outpatient department with a 1-month history of headache, vomiting, vertigo, and left facial numbness. A lesion at the cerebellopontine angle with extension into the middle cranial fossa was demonstrated on computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging...
March 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890763/positional-occlusion-of-vertebral-artery-due-to-cervical-spondylosis-as-rare-cause-of-wake-up-stroke-report-of-two-cases
#8
Hirofumi Nishikawa, Fumitaka Miya, Yotaro Kitano, Genshin Mori, Shigetoshi Shimizu, Hidenori Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Positional compression of the vertebral artery (VA) owing to cervical spondylosis is an uncommon cause of stroke. We report two cases of cervical spondylosis causing wake-up stroke, which is extremely rare. CASE DESCRIPTION: The first patient was a 78-year-old woman with vertigo and vomiting lasting from waking up. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and angiography documented right cerebellar infarction, and stenosis of the right cervical VA. Dynamic angiography revealed that the right VA was occluded when her neck was extended or rotated to the right...
February 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862959/understanding-zika-virus
#9
John S Murray
PURPOSE: This article describes what pediatric healthcare professionals should know about Zika virus (ZIKV). LITERATURE REVIEW: ZIKV is classified as an arthropod-borne, single-stranded RNA virus of the Flaviviridae family and genus Flavivirus. ZIKV is not new. The virus was first discovered almost 70 years ago in Uganda. The first isolate of the virus was found in rhesus monkeys in the Zika Forrest, hence the nomenclature. The primary route of ZIKV transmission to humans is through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito-primarily Aedes aegypti...
November 9, 2016: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802825/mog-igg-in-nmo-and-related-disorders-a-multicenter-study-of-50-patients-part-3-brainstem-involvement-frequency-presentation-and-outcome
#10
MULTICENTER STUDY
Sven Jarius, Ingo Kleiter, Klemens Ruprecht, Nasrin Asgari, Kalliopi Pitarokoili, Nadja Borisow, Martin W Hümmert, Corinna Trebst, Florence Pache, Alexander Winkelmann, Lena-Alexandra Beume, Marius Ringelstein, Oliver Stich, Orhan Aktas, Mirjam Korporal-Kuhnke, Alexander Schwarz, Carsten Lukas, Jürgen Haas, Kai Fechner, Mathias Buttmann, Judith Bellmann-Strobl, Hanna Zimmermann, Alexander U Brandt, Diego Franciotta, Kathrin Schanda, Friedemann Paul, Markus Reindl, Brigitte Wildemann
BACKGROUND: Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies (MOG-IgG) are present in a subset of aquaporin-4 (AQP4)-IgG-negative patients with optic neuritis (ON) and/or myelitis. Little is known so far about brainstem involvement in MOG-IgG-positive patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency, clinical and paraclinical features, course, outcome, and prognostic implications of brainstem involvement in MOG-IgG-positive ON and/or myelitis. METHODS: Retrospective case study...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737513/pharmacologic-interventions-for-treating-phantom-limb-pain
#11
REVIEW
Maria Jenelyn M Alviar, Tom Hale, Monalisa Dungca
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 12, 2011. Phantom limb pain (PLP) is pain that arises in the missing limb after amputation and can be severe, intractable, and disabling. Various medications have been studied in the treatment of phantom pain. There is currently uncertainty in the optimal pharmacologic management of PLP. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to summarise the evidence of effectiveness of pharmacologic interventions in treating PLP...
October 14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27036225/-adult-onset-opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia-syndrome-revealing-rubella-meningoencephalitis
#12
REVIEW
A Nasri, M Mansour, M Messelmani, A Riahi, H Derbali, I Bedoui, J Zaouali, R Mrissa
INTRODUCTION: Opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia (OMS) is a rare clinical syndrome, of paraneoplastic infectious, post-infectious, post-vaccinal or idiopathic origin. CASE REPORT: We report a 24-year-old young man who presented with gait disorder preceded by a febrile rash and retroauricular lymph nodes. Three days before admission, he had headache, vertigo, nausea and vomiting followed by gait unsteadiness and movement disorders of limbs and eyes. On examination, he had OMS syndrome...
December 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26960272/-multiple-cerebral-artery-occlusion-due-to-non-bacterial-thrombotic-endocarditis-an-autopsy-case-report
#13
Yoshinari Nagakane, Hidesato Takezawa, Kanade Katsura, Yasumasa Yamamoto
A 60-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of vertigo and repeated vomiting, which suddenly occurred 25 hours before admission. Neurologic examination revealed Wallenberg syndrome on the left side, and brain MRI showed acute infarcts in the left lateral medulla as well as in the left internal carotid artery (ICA) territory. MR angiography did not depict the left vertebral artery (VA) and the left ICA. Despite antithrombotic treatment, he developed bulbar palsy, and then, brain herniation due to infarct growth in the left middle cerebral artery territory...
2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26935119/atypical-presentation-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-incidence-and-clinical-importance
#14
Yukari Ogasawara, Katsuhiro Ito, Hiroki Ohkuma
BACKGROUND: The symptoms of sudden severe headache and/or diminished consciousness characterize the onset of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). However, several studies have suggested that some patients show an atypical presentation at the onset: symptoms lacking sudden headache and diminished consciousness. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and clinical features of cases with atypical onset. METHODS: Retrospective observational study based on the data collected prospectively from all patients with SAH admitted to our hospital was performed...
May 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26913053/rhabdomyolysis-after-lamotrigine-overdose-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#15
Sokratis E Karaoulanis, Markos Syngelakis, Konstantinos Fokas
BACKGROUND: Lamotrigine is an effective anticonvulsant drug that has also been demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of bipolar disorder. We report a case of rhabdomyolysis after intentional overdose in a woman aged 48. CASE PRESENTATION: A 48-year-old female presented to the emergency department after an acute ingestion of 6 g of lamotrigine. The patient suffered from bipolar disorder, and she was taking lamotrigine and olanzapine. At that point, she had a major depressive episode, and she wanted to commit suicide...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26762347/an-unusual-cause-of-cerebellovestibular-symptoms
#16
Muayad A Alzuabi, Anas M Saad, Muneer J Al-Husseini, Maha A Nada
Hashimoto encephalopathy (HE) is a controversial autoimmune disorder, probably underdiagnosed, that causes a wide variety of neurological manifestations. Symptoms differ among patients and may be very severe in some cases. However, it can be treated, with a very good prognosis. In our case, a teenaged girl with a family history of migraine, vitiligo and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo presented with severe ataxia, vomiting and hypotension. She had a history of similar, but milder, symptoms and was misdiagnosed several times...
January 13, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26757711/lifestyle-factors-and-migraine-in-childhood
#17
REVIEW
Antonio Russo, Antonio Bruno, Francesca Trojsi, Alessandro Tessitore, Gioacchino Tedeschi
Migraine is one of the most common pain symptoms in children. Indeed, a high percentage of adult migraine patients report to have suffered from recurrent headache during the childhood. In particular, children could experience the so-called childhood periodic syndromes (such as cyclic vomiting, abdominal migraine, and benign paroxysmal vertigo) that have been usually considered precursors of migraine or they could develop overt migraine headaches. However, typical cohort of migraine symptoms could be absent and children could not achieve all clinical features necessary for a migraine attack diagnosis according to classification criteria...
February 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26715519/dorsal-penile-nerve-block-with-ropivacaine-versus-intravenous-tramadol-for-the-prevention-of-catheter-related-bladder-discomfort-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jing-yi Li, Ren Liao
BACKGROUND: Catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) is common in male patients under general anesthesia, and it may cause patient agitation and exacerbated postoperative pain. In this study, we will enroll male patients undergoing elective surgery with urinary catheterization after anesthetic induction and compare the efficacy of a dorsal penile nerve block (DPNB) and intravenous tramadol for the prevention of CRBD. METHODS/DESIGN: This trial is a prospective, open-label, randomized controlled trial that will test the superiority of a dorsal penile nerve block with 0...
December 30, 2015: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26649768/clinical-association-between-brain-mri-findings-with-epidural-blood-patch-in-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension
#19
Won-Joong Kim, Hwa-Yong Shin, Yong-Chul Kim, Jee Youn Moon
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is characterized by spontaneous postural headache with neck stiffness, nausea, vomiting, tinnitus, and vertigo in patients with low cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Epidural blood patch (EBP) can be a treatment of choice in patients nonresponsive to the initial noninvasive treatments. We compared brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and clinical variables between patients with conservative management only and patients with added EBP, to help physicians plan the management modalities for SIH patients...
April 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26622254/favorable-results-after-conservative-management-of-316-valproate-intoxicated-patients
#20
Shahin Shadnia, Hasan Amiri, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Mahdi Rezai, Zohreh Vasei, Nillofar Ghodrati, Nasim Zamani
BACKGROUND: Valproic acid (VPA) is an effective antiepileptic drug widely used worldwide. Despite several studies indicating the usefulness of intravenous L-carnitine in the treatment of VPA poisoning, this drug is not readily available in Iran. The aim of this study was to determine whether supportive care without antidote would result in acceptable outcomes in VPA poisoned patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an observational, retrospective, single-center case series, all patients >12-year-old with VPA overdose who had referred to a tertiary center between 2009 and 2013 were consecutively enrolled...
July 2015: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
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