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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890763/positional-occlusion-of-vertebral-artery-due-to-cervical-spondylosis-as-rare-cause-of-wake-up-stroke-report-of-2-cases
#1
Hirofumi Nishikawa, Fumitaka Miya, Yotaro Kitano, Genshin Mori, Shigetoshi Shimizu, Hidenori Suzuki
BACKGROUND: Positional compression of the vertebral artery (VA) due to cervical spondylosis is an uncommon cause of stroke. We report two cases of cervical spondylosis causing wake-up stroke, which is extremely rare. CASE DESCRIPTION: The first case was a 78-year-old woman who presented with vertigo and vomiting lasting from waking up. Magnetic resonance (MR) images and angiography documented right cerebellar infarction, and stenosis of the right cervical VA. Dynamic angiography revealed that the right VA was occluded when her neck was extended or rotated to the right...
November 24, 2016: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862959/understanding-zika-virus
#2
John S Murray
PURPOSE: This article describes what pediatric healthcare professionals should know about Zika virus (ZIKV). LITERATURE REVIEW: ZIKV is classified as an arthropod-borne, single-stranded RNA virus of the Flaviviridae family and genus Flavivirus. ZIKV is not new. The virus was first discovered almost 70 years ago in Uganda. The first isolate of the virus was found in rhesus monkeys in the Zika Forrest, hence the nomenclature. The primary route of ZIKV transmission to humans is through the bite of an infected Aedes species mosquito-primarily Aedes aegypti...
November 9, 2016: Journal for Specialists in Pediatric Nursing: JSPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802825/mog-igg-in-nmo-and-related-disorders-a-multicenter-study-of-50-patients-part-3-brainstem-involvement-frequency-presentation-and-outcome
#3
Sven Jarius, Ingo Kleiter, Klemens Ruprecht, Nasrin Asgari, Kalliopi Pitarokoili, Nadja Borisow, Martin W Hümmert, Corinna Trebst, Florence Pache, Alexander Winkelmann, Lena-Alexandra Beume, Marius Ringelstein, Oliver Stich, Orhan Aktas, Mirjam Korporal-Kuhnke, Alexander Schwarz, Carsten Lukas, Jürgen Haas, Kai Fechner, Mathias Buttmann, Judith Bellmann-Strobl, Hanna Zimmermann, Alexander U Brandt, Diego Franciotta, Kathrin Schanda, Friedemann Paul, Markus Reindl, Brigitte Wildemann
BACKGROUND: Myelin oligodendrocyte glycoprotein antibodies (MOG-IgG) are present in a subset of aquaporin-4 (AQP4)-IgG-negative patients with optic neuritis (ON) and/or myelitis. Little is known so far about brainstem involvement in MOG-IgG-positive patients. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the frequency, clinical and paraclinical features, course, outcome, and prognostic implications of brainstem involvement in MOG-IgG-positive ON and/or myelitis. METHODS: Retrospective case study...
November 1, 2016: Journal of Neuroinflammation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737513/pharmacologic-interventions-for-treating-phantom-limb-pain
#4
REVIEW
Maria Jenelyn M Alviar, Tom Hale, Monalisa Dungca
BACKGROUND: This is an updated version of the original Cochrane review published in Issue 12, 2011. Phantom limb pain (PLP) is pain that arises in the missing limb after amputation and can be severe, intractable, and disabling. Various medications have been studied in the treatment of phantom pain. There is currently uncertainty in the optimal pharmacologic management of PLP. OBJECTIVES: This review aimed to summarise the evidence of effectiveness of pharmacologic interventions in treating PLP...
October 14, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27036225/-adult-onset-opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia-syndrome-revealing-rubella-meningoencephalitis
#5
A Nasri, M Mansour, M Messelmani, A Riahi, H Derbali, I Bedoui, J Zaouali, R Mrissa
INTRODUCTION: Opsoclonus-myoclonus-ataxia (OMS) is a rare clinical syndrome, of paraneoplastic infectious, post-infectious, post-vaccinal or idiopathic origin. CASE REPORT: We report a 24-year-old young man who presented with gait disorder preceded by a febrile rash and retroauricular lymph nodes. Three days before admission, he had headache, vertigo, nausea and vomiting followed by gait unsteadiness and movement disorders of limbs and eyes. On examination, he had OMS syndrome...
March 29, 2016: La Revue de Médecine Interne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26960272/-multiple-cerebral-artery-occlusion-due-to-non-bacterial-thrombotic-endocarditis-an-autopsy-case-report
#6
Yoshinari Nagakane, Hidesato Takezawa, Kanade Katsura, Yasumasa Yamamoto
A 60-year-old man was admitted to our hospital because of vertigo and repeated vomiting, which suddenly occurred 25 hours before admission. Neurologic examination revealed Wallenberg syndrome on the left side, and brain MRI showed acute infarcts in the left lateral medulla as well as in the left internal carotid artery (ICA) territory. MR angiography did not depict the left vertebral artery (VA) and the left ICA. Despite antithrombotic treatment, he developed bulbar palsy, and then, brain herniation due to infarct growth in the left middle cerebral artery territory...
2016: Rinshō Shinkeigaku, Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26935119/atypical-presentation-of-aneurysmal-subarachnoid-hemorrhage-incidence-and-clinical-importance
#7
Yukari Ogasawara, Katsuhiro Ito, Hiroki Ohkuma
BACKGROUND: The symptoms of sudden severe headache and/or diminished consciousness characterize the onset of aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). However, several studies have suggested that some patients show an atypical presentation at the onset: symptoms lacking sudden headache and diminished consciousness. The aim of this study was to investigate the incidence and clinical features of cases with atypical onset. METHODS: Retrospective observational study based on the data collected prospectively from all patients with SAH admitted to our hospital was performed...
May 2016: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26913053/rhabdomyolysis-after-lamotrigine-overdose-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#8
Sokratis E Karaoulanis, Markos Syngelakis, Konstantinos Fokas
BACKGROUND: Lamotrigine is an effective anticonvulsant drug that has also been demonstrated to be effective in the treatment of bipolar disorder. We report a case of rhabdomyolysis after intentional overdose in a woman aged 48. CASE PRESENTATION: A 48-year-old female presented to the emergency department after an acute ingestion of 6 g of lamotrigine. The patient suffered from bipolar disorder, and she was taking lamotrigine and olanzapine. At that point, she had a major depressive episode, and she wanted to commit suicide...
2016: Annals of General Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26762347/an-unusual-cause-of-cerebellovestibular-symptoms
#9
Muayad A Alzuabi, Anas M Saad, Muneer J Al-Husseini, Maha A Nada
Hashimoto encephalopathy (HE) is a controversial autoimmune disorder, probably underdiagnosed, that causes a wide variety of neurological manifestations. Symptoms differ among patients and may be very severe in some cases. However, it can be treated, with a very good prognosis. In our case, a teenaged girl with a family history of migraine, vitiligo and benign paroxysmal positional vertigo presented with severe ataxia, vomiting and hypotension. She had a history of similar, but milder, symptoms and was misdiagnosed several times...
2016: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26757711/lifestyle-factors-and-migraine-in-childhood
#10
REVIEW
Antonio Russo, Antonio Bruno, Francesca Trojsi, Alessandro Tessitore, Gioacchino Tedeschi
Migraine is one of the most common pain symptoms in children. Indeed, a high percentage of adult migraine patients report to have suffered from recurrent headache during the childhood. In particular, children could experience the so-called childhood periodic syndromes (such as cyclic vomiting, abdominal migraine, and benign paroxysmal vertigo) that have been usually considered precursors of migraine or they could develop overt migraine headaches. However, typical cohort of migraine symptoms could be absent and children could not achieve all clinical features necessary for a migraine attack diagnosis according to classification criteria...
February 2016: Current Pain and Headache Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26715519/dorsal-penile-nerve-block-with-ropivacaine-versus-intravenous-tramadol-for-the-prevention-of-catheter-related-bladder-discomfort-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Jing-yi Li, Ren Liao
BACKGROUND: Catheter-related bladder discomfort (CRBD) is common in male patients under general anesthesia, and it may cause patient agitation and exacerbated postoperative pain. In this study, we will enroll male patients undergoing elective surgery with urinary catheterization after anesthetic induction and compare the efficacy of a dorsal penile nerve block (DPNB) and intravenous tramadol for the prevention of CRBD. METHODS/DESIGN: This trial is a prospective, open-label, randomized controlled trial that will test the superiority of a dorsal penile nerve block with 0...
December 30, 2015: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26649768/clinical-association-between-brain-mri-findings-with-epidural-blood-patch-in-spontaneous-intracranial-hypotension
#12
Won-Joong Kim, Hwa-Yong Shin, Yong-Chul Kim, Jee Youn Moon
BACKGROUND: Spontaneous intracranial hypotension (SIH) is characterized by spontaneous postural headache with neck stiffness, nausea, vomiting, tinnitus, and vertigo in patients with low cerebrospinal fluid pressure. Epidural blood patch (EBP) can be a treatment of choice in patients nonresponsive to the initial noninvasive treatments. We compared brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings and clinical variables between patients with conservative management only and patients with added EBP, to help physicians plan the management modalities for SIH patients...
April 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26622254/favorable-results-after-conservative-management-of-316-valproate-intoxicated-patients
#13
Shahin Shadnia, Hasan Amiri, Hossein Hassanian-Moghaddam, Mahdi Rezai, Zohreh Vasei, Nillofar Ghodrati, Nasim Zamani
BACKGROUND: Valproic acid (VPA) is an effective antiepileptic drug widely used worldwide. Despite several studies indicating the usefulness of intravenous L-carnitine in the treatment of VPA poisoning, this drug is not readily available in Iran. The aim of this study was to determine whether supportive care without antidote would result in acceptable outcomes in VPA poisoned patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In an observational, retrospective, single-center case series, all patients >12-year-old with VPA overdose who had referred to a tertiary center between 2009 and 2013 were consecutively enrolled...
July 2015: Journal of Research in Medical Sciences: the Official Journal of Isfahan University of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26569158/wallenberg-syndrome-an-exceptional-cause-of-acute-vertigo-in-children
#14
Aude Ménétrey Ehresmann, Hélène Cao Van, Laura Merlini, Joel Fluss
The assessment of acute vertigo in childhood is often challenging, but fortunately a central cause is rarely identified. We present the case of a 7-year-old boy who developed, after a mild head trauma, a rotary vertigo associated with nausea and vomiting. A posttraumatic peripheral vestibular dysfunction was first suspected but not confirmed by an otoneurological evaluation. When subtle neurological signs were elicited, a brain magnetic resonance imaging was promptly requested. This showed a small infarct on the lateral posterior left part of the medulla oblongata of the brainstem, typical of Wallenberg syndrome...
January 2016: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26513951/wegener-granulomatosis-as-possible-cause-of-vertigo-case-report-and-review
#15
REVIEW
J Goderis, S De Schepper, P Vannieuwenhuyze, B Schmelzer
OBJECTIVE: Wegener granulomatosis (WG) or granulomatosis with polyangiitis (GPA) is a multi-system necrotizing granulomatous vasculitis that classically affects the upper respiratory tract, lungs and kidneys. We report the unusual clinical course of a patient with WG, and we present a literature review on the association between WG and vertigo. RESULTS: In our case, a 56-year-old female presented with a several-month history of chronic sinusitis and otalgia that was refractory to all initiated outpatient therapies...
2015: B-ENT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26500545/wallenberg-syndrome-with-associated-motor-weakness-in-a-two-week-postpartum-female
#16
David W Louis, Nimit Dholakia, Michael J Raymond
A 30-year-old, right-handed female presented 2 weeks postpartum with acute-onset severe headache, vertigo, and vomiting. Initial neurologic examination illustrated lingual dysarthria, horizontal nystagmus, right dysmetria on finger-to-nose testing, and weakness of the extremities. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a large, left lateral medullary infarction (Wallenberg syndrome) with cephalad extension into the ipsilateral pons as well as involvement of the left middle cerebellar peduncle. The patient was discharged 3 weeks later to an inpatient rehabilitation facility with gradual improvement of her symptoms...
September 2015: Case Reports in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26475881/sinus-venosus-atrial-septal-defect-presenting-with-brain-abscesses-in-a-77-year-old-immunocompetent-patient
#17
Yaser S M Alhamshari, Chitra Punjabi, Gregg S Pressman, Anita Govil
We present a case of 77-year-old immunocompetent patient who initially presented with vertigo, nausea and vomiting, with symptoms later progressing to headaches and increased lethargy. Brain MRI revealed ring-enhancing lesions typical of abscesses in the right cerebellum. Transoesophageal echocardiogram (TEE) was performed to look for the source of his abscesses, and uncovered a sinus venosus type atrial septal defect. Cardiac CT was carried out; the patient was found to have a sinus venosus atrial septal defect with partial anomalous pulmonary venous return...
2015: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26396618/infratentorial-hemorrhagic-cerebral-proliferative-angiopathy-a-rare-presentation-of-a-rare-disease
#18
Sunil Kumar, Mukesh Sharma, Trilochan Srivastava, Virendra Deo Sinha
Cerebral proliferative angiopathy (CPA) is a unique and rare vascular malformation with distinct clinico-radiological features. CPA is associated with low risk of hemorrhage as compared to classical cerebral arteriovenous malformations (AVMs). Infratentorial location of diffuse nidus is also an uncommon presentation. Infratentorial hemorrhagic presentation of CPA is a rare co-occurrence. Herein, we report a case of an elderly old male, who presented with acute onset severe headache, recurrent vomiting, vertigo and swaying toward left side while walking...
July 2015: Asian Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26346729/epidemiology-and-clinical-presentation-of-stroke-in-upper-egypt-desert-area
#19
Hamdy N El Tallawy, Wafaa M Farghaly, Reda Badry, Nermin A Hamdy, Ghaydaa A Shehata, Tarek A Rageh, Nabil A Metwally, Enas M Hassan, Sayed S Elsayed, Mohamed A Yehia, Wael T Soliman
BACKGROUND: Stroke is a common cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. Four out of five strokes occur in the low- and middle-income countries. This study aims to find lifetime prevalence of stroke in Upper Egypt and to identify clinical presentations and possible risk factors of stroke in this population. METHODS: This is a door-to-door (every door) study conducted on all inhabitants in Al Kharga district (representative of western desert) and Al Quseir city (representative of eastern desert)...
2015: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26165536/cerebral-arterial-gas-embolism-in-a-professional-diver-with-a-persistent-foramen-ovale
#20
Colin M Wilson, Martin Dj Sayer
A 33-year-old, male professional scallop diver diving on the Outer Hebrides in Scotland rapidly developed symptoms of cerebral arterial gas embolism following a provocative dive with possibly a fast ascent. During transfer by helicopter to the mainland for treatment, his symptoms improved on surface oxygen. He was recompressed on a Royal Navy Treatment Table 62 (RN TT62) with complete resolution. Just over six weeks later, again diving on the Outer Hebrides and after adopting more conservative diving practices, he developed symptoms and signs of vestibular decompression sickness after a problem-free dive, with dizziness, poor co-ordination and gait, nausea and vomiting, and rotational vertigo...
June 2015: Diving and Hyperbaric Medicine: the Journal of the South Pacific Underwater Medicine Society
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