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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651106/computer-based-speech-therapy-for-childhood-speech-sound-disorders
#1
REVIEW
Lisa Furlong, Shane Erickson, Meg E Morris
BACKGROUND: With the current worldwide workforce shortage of Speech-Language Pathologists, new and innovative ways of delivering therapy to children with speech sound disorders are needed. Computer-based speech therapy may be an effective and viable means of addressing service access issues for children with speech sound disorders. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy of computer-based speech therapy programs for children with speech sound disorders. METHOD: Studies reporting the efficacy of computer-based speech therapy programs were identified via a systematic, computerised database search...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28649923/detecting-abnormal-voice-prosody-through-single-word-utterances-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#2
Yasushi Nakai, Tetsuya Takiguchi, Gakuyo Matsui, Noriko Yamaoka, Satoshi Takada
Abnormal prosody is often evident in the voice intonations of individuals with autism spectrum disorders. We compared a machine-learning-based voice analysis with human hearing judgments made by 10 speech therapists for classifying children with autism spectrum disorders ( n = 30) and typical development ( n = 51). Using stimuli limited to single-word utterances, machine-learning-based voice analysis was superior to speech therapist judgments. There was a significantly higher true-positive than false-negative rate for machine-learning-based voice analysis but not for speech therapists...
January 1, 2017: Perceptual and Motor Skills
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645698/radiological-studies-of-fetal-alcohol-spectrum-disorders-in-humans-and-animal-models-an-updated-comprehensive-review
#3
Van T Nguyen, Suyinn Chong, Quang M Tieng, Karine Mardon, Graham J Galloway, Nyoman D Kurniawan
Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders encompass a wide range of birth defects in children born to mothers who consumed alcohol during pregnancy. Typical mental impairments in FASD include difficulties in life adaptation and learning and memory, deficits in attention, visuospatial skills, language and speech disabilities, mood disorders and motor disabilities. Multimodal imaging methods have enabled in vivo studies of the teratogenic effects of alcohol on the central nervous system, giving more insight into the FASD phenotype...
June 20, 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632303/audition-specific-temporal-processing-deficits-associated-with-language-function-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#4
Jennifer H Foss-Feig, Kimberly B Schauder, Alexandra P Key, Mark T Wallace, Wendy L Stone
Sensory processing alterations are highly prevalent in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Neurobiologically-based theories of ASD propose that abnormalities in the processing of temporal aspects of sensory input could underlie core symptoms of ASD. For example, rapid auditory temporal processing is critical for speech perception, and language difficulties are central to the social communication deficits defining the disorder. This study assessed visual and auditory temporal processing abilities and tested their relation to core ASD symptoms...
June 20, 2017: Autism Research: Official Journal of the International Society for Autism Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632018/exploring-the-learnability-and-usability-of-a-near-field-communication-based-application-for-semantic-enrichment-in-children-with-language-disorders
#5
Maria Luisa Lorusso, Emilia Biffi, Massimo Molteni, Gianluigi Reni
Recently, a few software applications (apps) have been developed to enhance vocabulary and conceptual networks to address the needs of children with language impairments (LI), but there is no evidence about their impact and their usability in therapy contexts. Here, we try to fill this gap presenting a system aimed at improving the semantic competence and the structural knowledge of children with LI. The goal of the study is to evaluate learnability, usability, user satisfaction and quality of the interaction between the system and the children...
February 13, 2017: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626020/lack-of-effect-of-vitamin-d3-supplementation-in-autism-a-20-week-placebo-controlled-rct
#6
Conor P Kerley, Clare Power, Louise Gallagher, David Coghlan
OBJECTIVES: Data suggest a potential role for vitamin D in autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We wanted to assess the effect of vitamin D3 supplementation compared with placebo in children with ASD. DESIGN: This was a double-blind, randomised, placebo-controlled trial. SETTING: A paediatric outpatient centre at high latitude over the winter season in Dublin, Ireland (53°N). PATIENTS: 42 children with ASD. INTERVENTIONS: 2000 IU vitamin D3 supplementation or placebo daily for 20 weeks...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621083/metacognition-in-speech-and-language-therapy-for-children-with-social-pragmatic-communication-disorders-implications-for-a-theory-of-therapy
#7
Jacqueline Gaile, Catherine Adams
BACKGROUND: Metacognition is a significant component of complex interventions for children who have developmental language disorders. Research into how metacognition operates in the content or process of developmental language therapy delivery is limited. Identification and description of proposed active therapy components, such as metacognition, may contribute to our understanding of how to deliver complex communication interventions in an optimal manner. AIMS: To analyse aspects of metacognition during therapy derived from a manualized speech and language intervention (the Social Communication Intervention Programme-SCIP) as delivered to children who have social (pragmatic) communication disorder (SPCD) and to examine the dynamic process of delivering therapy...
June 16, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614580/dynamic-assessment-for-3-and-4-year-old-children-who-use-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-evaluating-expressive-syntax
#8
Cathy Binger, Jennifer Kent-Walsh, Marika King
Purpose: The developmental readiness to produce early sentences with an iPad communication application was assessed with ten 3- and 4-year-old children with severe speech disorders using graduated prompting dynamic assessment (DA) techniques. The participants' changes in performance within the DA sessions were evaluated, and DA performance was compared with performance during a subsequent intervention. Method: Descriptive statistics were used to examine patterns of performance at various cueing levels and mean levels of cueing support...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614575/early-sentence-productions-of-3-and-4-year-old-children-who-use-augmentative-and-alternative-communication
#9
Cathy Binger, Jennifer Kent-Walsh, Marika King, Lindsay Mansfield
Purpose: This study investigated the early rule-based sentence productions of 3- and 4-year-old children with severe speech disorders who used single-meaning graphic symbols to communicate. Method: Ten 3- and 4-year-olds requiring the use of augmentative and alternative communication, who had largely intact receptive language skills, received instruction in producing up to four different semantic-syntactic targets using an Apple iPad with a communication app. A single-case, multiple-probe, across-targets design was used to assess the progress of each participant and target...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604578/long-term-outcomes-of-cochlear-implantation-in-children-with-congenital-cytomegalovirus-infection
#10
Haruo Yoshida, Haruo Takahashi, Yukihiko Kanda, Kyoko Kitaoka, Minoru Hara
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the role of the developmental delay often observed in children with congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection on the improvement of language understanding after cochlear implantation (CI). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. PATIENTS: Sixteen children with severe and/or profound hearing loss due to congenital CMV infection (CMV group) and 107 congenitally deaf children (168 ears) without CMV infection as the cause of deafness (non-CMV group)...
June 9, 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590897/cortical-auditory-evoked-potential-and-behavioral-evidence-for-differences-in-auditory-processing-between-good-and-poor-readers
#11
Matthew D Barker, Abin Kuruvilla-Mathew, Suzanne C Purdy
BACKGROUND: The relationship between auditory processing (AP) and reading is thought to be significant; however our understanding of this relationship is somewhat limited. Previous studies have investigated the relation between certain electrophysiological and behavioral measures of AP and reading abilities in children. This study attempts to further understand that relation. PURPOSE: Differences in AP between good and poor readers were investigated using electrophysiological and behavioral measures...
June 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590148/the-phonological-memory-profile-of-preschool-children-who-make-atypical-speech-sound-errors
#12
Rebecca Waring, Patricia Eadie, Susan Rickard Liow, Barbara Dodd
Previous research indicates that children with speech sound disorders (SSD) have underlying phonological memory deficits. The SSD population, however, is diverse. While children who make consistent atypical speech errors (phonological disorder/PhDis) are known to have executive function deficits in rule abstraction and cognitive flexibility, little is known about their memory profile. Sixteen monolingual preschool children with atypical speech errors (PhDis) were matched individually to age-and-gender peers with typically developing speech (TDS)...
June 7, 2017: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586822/sign-language-echolalia-in-deaf-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Aaron Shield, Frances Cooley, Richard P Meier
Purpose: We present the first study of echolalia in deaf, signing children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). We investigate the nature and prevalence of sign echolalia in native-signing children with ASD, the relationship between sign echolalia and receptive language, and potential modality differences between sign and speech. Method: Seventeen deaf children with ASD and 18 typically developing (TD) deaf children were video-recorded in a series of tasks. Data were coded for type of signs produced (spontaneous, elicited, echo, or nonecho repetition)...
June 5, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583491/adaptation-validity-and-reliability-of-the-preschool-language-scale-fifth-edition-pls-5-in-the-turkish-context-the-turkish-preschool-language-scale-5-tpls-5
#14
A Sanem Sahli, Erol Belgin
INTRODUCTION: Speech and language assessment is very important in early diagnosis of children with hearing and speech disorders. Aim of this study is to determine the validity and reliability of Preschool Language Scale (5th edition) test with its Turkish translation and adaptation. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Our study is conducted on 1320 children aged between 0-7 years 11 months. While 1044 of these children have normal hearing, language and speech development, 276 of them have receptive and/or expressive language disorder...
July 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580693/changes-in-brain-activity-following-intensive-voice-treatment-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#15
Reyhaneh Bakhtiari, Jacqueline Cummine, Alesha Reed, Cynthia M Fox, Brea Chouinard, Ivor Cribben, Carol A Boliek
Eight children (3 females; 8-16 years) with motor speech disorders secondary to cerebral palsy underwent 4 weeks of an intensive neuroplasticity-principled voice treatment protocol, LSVT LOUD(®) , followed by a structured 12-week maintenance program. Children were asked to overtly produce phonation (ah) at conversational loudness, cued-phonation at perceived twice-conversational loudness, a series of single words, and a prosodic imitation task while being scanned using fMRI, immediately pre- and post-treatment and 12 weeks following a maintenance program...
June 5, 2017: Human Brain Mapping
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577444/auditory-processing-deficits-are-sometimes-necessary-and-sometimes-sufficient-for-language-difficulties-in-children-evidence-from-mild-to-moderate-sensorineural-hearing-loss
#16
Lorna F Halliday, Outi Tuomainen, Stuart Rosen
There is a general consensus that many children and adults with dyslexia and/or specific language impairment display deficits in auditory processing. However, how these deficits are related to developmental disorders of language is uncertain, and at least four categories of model have been proposed: single distal cause models, risk factor models, association models, and consequence models. This study used children with mild to moderate sensorineural hearing loss (MMHL) to investigate the link between auditory processing deficits and language disorders...
May 31, 2017: Cognition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566956/intelligence-functioning-and-related-factors-in-children-with-cerebral-palsy
#17
Gözde Türkoğlu, Serhat Türkoğlu, Canan Çelik, Halil Uçan
INTRODUCTION: Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common significant motor impairment in childhood. CP is defined as a primary disorder of posture and movement; however, intellectual impairment is prevalent in children with CP. The purpose of this study was to examine the intelligence level associated with gross motor function and hand function, type of CP, the presence of comorbid disorders such as epilepsy, and other factors. METHODS: In total, 107 children with CP were included...
March 2017: Noro Psikiyatri Arsivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562251/reducing-information-s-speed-improves-verbal-cognition-and-behavior-in-autism-a-2-cases-report
#18
Carole Tardif, Laura Latzko, Thomas Arciszewski, Bruno Gepner
According to the temporal theory of autism spectrum disorders (ASDs), audiovisual changes in environment, particularly those linked to facial and verbal language, are often too fast to be faced, perceived, and/or interpreted online by many children with ASD, which could help explain their facial, verbal, and/or socioemotional interaction impairments. Our goal here was to test for the first time the impact of slowed-down audiovisual information on verbal cognition and behavior in 2 boys with ASD and verbal delay...
May 3, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538832/nasalance-scores-of-brazilian-portuguese-speakers-at-5-years-of-age
#19
Débora Natália de Oliveira, Ana Claudia Martins Sampaio-Teixeira, Bianca Gonçalves Alvarenga, Ana Paula Fukushiro, Renata Paciello Yamashita, Inge Elly Kiemle Trindade
Purpose: To determine nasalance scores of Brazilian Portuguese speaking children without evident speech disorders, language delay and orofacial deformities, at age 5 years, and analyze differences between types of speech samples and genders. Methods: Twenty children were analyzed, 11 males, age ranging from 4 years and 10 months to 5 years and 11 months. The Nasometer II 6450 (KayPENTAX) was used for nasalance assessment. Speech samples were eight consonant-vowel syllables and one sequence of nine words...
May 22, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538824/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-the-percentage-of-consonants-correct-revised-in-the-identification-of-speech-sound-disorder
#20
Tatiane Faria Barrozo, Luciana de Oliveira Pagan-Neves, Joyce Pinheiro da Silva, Haydée Fiszbein Wertzner
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity, and to establish cutoff points for the severity index Percentage of Consonants Correct - Revised (PCC-R) in Brazilian Portuguese-speaking children with and without speech sound disorders. Methods: 72 children between 5:00 and 7:11 years old - 36 children without speech and language complaints and 36 children with speech sound disorders. The PCC-R was applied to the figure naming and word imitation tasks that are part of the ABFW Child Language Test...
May 22, 2017: CoDAS
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