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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29674986/comparing-feedback-types-in-multimedia-learning-of-speech-by-young-children-with-common-speech-sound-disorders-research-protocol-for-a-pretest-posttest-independent-measures-control-trial
#1
Wendy Doubé, Paul Carding, Kieran Flanagan, Jordy Kaufman, Hannah Armitage
Children with speech sound disorders benefit from feedback about the accuracy of sounds they make. Home practice can reinforce feedback received from speech pathologists. Games in mobile device applications could encourage home practice, but those currently available are of limited value because they are unlikely to elaborate "Correct"/"Incorrect" feedback with information that can assist in improving the accuracy of the sound. This protocol proposes a "Wizard of Oz" experiment that aims to provide evidence for the provision of effective multimedia feedback for speech sound development...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664868/active-transcutaneous-bone-conduction-implant-middle-fossa-placement-technique-in-children-with-bilateral-microtia-and-external-auditory-canal-atresia
#2
Carolina Der, Sofía Bravo-Torres, Nicolás Pons
AIM: The aim of this study is to present the middle fossa technique (MFT) as an alternative for patients who cannot undergo traditional surgery for active transcutaneous bone conduction implants (ATBCI) due to their altered anatomy or desire for future aesthetic reconstruction. DESIGN: A case series descriptive study was designed. The MFT was developed. Preoperative and postoperative information from 24 patients with external auditory canal atresia (EACA) and implanted with ATBCI was reviewed...
April 16, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664754/self-reported-upper-limb-functioning-of-pupils-with-cerebral-palsy-by-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health
#3
Zoltán Lénárt, Eszter Szabó-Szemenyei, Adrienn A Tóth, Lajos Kullmann
International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health: Children and Youth Version has shown an increasing role in the assessment of children with cerebral palsy (CP), but just a few researchers use it for individuals' self-assessment. In this study, we present the self-assessment of functioning of students with CP and changes by the end of a school year. Thirty-seven pupils with spastic CP involving upper limbs, 24 pupils with typical development, and 20 pupils with speech and language disorders were studied by International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health core sets for CP...
April 16, 2018: International Journal of Rehabilitation Research. Revue Internationale de Recherches de Réadaptation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664723/the-value-of-electrically-evoked-stapedius-reflex-in-determining-the-maximum-comfort-level-of-a-cochlear-implant
#4
Kelly Cristina Lira de Andrade, Lilian Ferreira Muniz, Pedro de Lemos Menezes, Silvio da Silva Caldas Neto, Aline Tenório Lins Carnaúba, Mariana de Carvalho Leal
BACKGROUND: One of the most important steps for good user performance with a cochlear implant (CI) is activation and programming, aimed at determining the dynamic range. In adults, current levels are determined by psychophysical measures. In babies, small children, or individuals with multiple disorders, this procedure requires techniques that may provide inconsistent responses because of auditory inexperience or the age of the child, making it a very difficult process that demands the collaboration of both the patient and the family...
April 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652302/-results-of-a-multicenter-study-on-the-efficacy-of-cortexin-in-treatment-of-cognitive-dysfunction-in-children
#5
V P Zykov, E B Serebrennikova, T N Panchenko, Ya B Sycheva, S N Presnyakova, E L Mazur, M N Salova, E S Golubeva, S K Khromova
AIM: To study the efficacy and tolerability of cortexin in the treatment of cognitive dysfunction in children. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 635 patients, aged 3-7 years. Patients were divided into 4 clinical groups: group 1 (269 children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)), group 2 (215 children with speech delay), group 3 (82 patients with the consequences of a perinatal lesion of the central nervous system), group 4 (69 patients with asthenic/neurotic syndrome)...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651830/qualitative-and-quantitative-revaluation-of-specific-learning-disabilities-a-multicentric-study
#6
Francesca F Operto, Roberta Mazza, Maura Buttiglione, Francesco Craig, Alessandro Frolli, Simone Pisano, Lucia Margari, Giangennaro Coppola
BACKGROUND: Specific learning disabilities are disorders that affect the instrumental skills of academic learning, leaving intact the general intellectual functioning. It is possible to distinguish: dyslexia, dysorthography, dysgraphia, and dyscalculia. The diagnosis is made according to DSMV. The aim of this study is to evaluate the implementation of Law N° 170 following a diagnosis of specific learning disabilities in children and their evolution over time. METHODS: The sample under examination consists of 75 children, 56 males and 18 females aged 7,8 to 16 years, with a diagnosis of specific learning disabilities; a revaluation was carried outthrough the use of standardized instruments according to age and school attended...
April 12, 2018: Minerva Pediatrica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642656/socio-economic-disparities-and-difficulties-to-access-to-healthcare-services-among-canadian-children-with-neurodevelopmental-disorders-and-disabilities
#7
Sana Raouafi, Sofiane Achiche, Maxime Raison
Objectives: The aim of this study is to identify the association between levels of severity of nurodevelopmental disorders and disabilities (NDD/D) in children, their household socio-economic status (SES), and the frequency of visits to a healthcare provider; and (2) to examine how the severity of disability differs with these determinants among NDD/D subgroups, to make a social policy change and improve access to health care system. Methods: The data from the 2006 Participation and Activity Limitation Survey (PALS) on children (5-14y), collected by Statistics Canada, was analyzed (n= 7,072 and weighted n = 340,340)...
March 29, 2018: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621800/improving-narrative-production-in-children-with-language-disorders-an-early-stage-efficacy-study-of-a-narrative-intervention-program
#8
Sandra L Gillam, Abbie Olszewski, Katie Squires, Katie Wolfe, Timothy Slocum, Ronald B Gillam
Purpose: As noted in this forum, more research is needed to support the work of school-based speech-language pathologists who are designing and implementing interventions for students with language disorders. This article presents the findings of a multiple-baseline, single-subject study that was conducted to assess the outcomes of an intervention designed to improve narrative discourse proficiency for children with language disorders. Method: Four school-age children with language disorders that included deficits in narration received an experimental version of a 3-phase narrative language intervention program called Supporting Knowledge in Language and Literacy (Gillam, Gillam, & Laing, 2014)...
April 5, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621152/taurine-administration-recovers-motor-and-learning-deficits-in-an-angelman-syndrome-mouse-model
#9
Sara Guzzetti, Luciano Calzari, Lucia Buccarello, Valentina Cesari, Ivan Toschi, Stefania Cattaldo, Alessandro Mauro, Francesca Pregnolato, Silvia Michela Mazzola, Silvia Russo
Angelman syndrome (AS, MIM 105830) is a rare neurodevelopmental disorder affecting 1:10-20,000 children. Patients show moderate to severe intellectual disability, ataxia and absence of speech. Studies on both post-mortem AS human brains and mouse models revealed dysfunctions in the extra synaptic gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors implicated in the pathogenesis. Taurine is a free intracellular sulfur-containing amino acid, abundant in brain, considered an inhibiting neurotransmitter with neuroprotective properties...
April 5, 2018: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618997/executive-functions-and-prosodic-abilities-in-children-with-high-functioning-autism
#10
Marisa G Filipe, Sónia Frota, Selene G Vicente
Little is known about the relationship between prosodic abilities and executive function skills. As deficits in executive functions (EFs) and prosodic impairments are characteristics of autism, we examined how EFs are related to prosodic performance in children with high-functioning autism (HFA). Fifteen children with HFA ( M = 7.4 years; SD = 1.12), matched to 15 typically developing peers on age, gender, and non-verbal intelligence participated in the study. The Profiling Elements of Prosody in Speech-Communication (PEPS-C) was used to assess prosodic performance...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29618865/planning-community-based-intervention-for-speech-for-children-with-cleft-lip-and-palate-from-rural-south-india-a-needs-assessment
#11
Subramaniyan Balasubramaniyan, Vaidyanathan Raghunathan, B Rajashekhar, B W C Sathiyasekaran, Roopa Nagarajan
Background and Aim: A community-based rehabilitation programme, Sri Ramachandra University-Transforming Faces project, was initiated to provide comprehensive management of communication disorders in individuals with CLP in two districts in Tamil Nadu, India. This community-based programme aims to integrate hospital-based services with the community-based initiatives and to enable long-term care. The programme was initiated in Thiruvannamalai (2005) district and extended to Cuddalore (2011)...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Plastic Surgery: Official Publication of the Association of Plastic Surgeons of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610177/nalcn-dysfunction-as-a-cause-of-disordered-respiratory-rhythm-with-central-apnea
#12
Jamie Campbell, David R FitzPatrick, Tara Azam, Neil A Gibson, Laura Somerville, Shelagh K Joss, Don S Urquhart
The sodium leak channel nonselective protein (NALCN) is a regulator of the pacemaker neurons that are responsible for rhythmic behavior (including respiration), maintaining the resting membrane potential, and are required for action potential production. NALCN -null mice show early death associated with disrupted respiratory rhythms, characterized by frequent and profound apneas. We report 3 children (2 siblings) with compound heterozygous mutations in NALCN associated with developmental impairment, hypotonia, and central sleep-disordered breathing causing apneas...
April 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29609008/atypical-cortical-entrainment-to-speech-in-the-right-hemisphere-underpins-phonemic-deficits-in-dyslexia
#13
Giovanni M Di Liberto, Varghese Peter, Marina Kalashnikova, Usha Goswami, Denis Burnham, Edmund C Lalor
Developmental dyslexia is a multifaceted disorder of learning primarily manifested by difficulties in reading, spelling, and phonological processing. Neural studies suggest that phonological difficulties may reflect impairments in fundamental cortical oscillatory mechanisms. Here we examine cortical mechanisms in children (6-12 years of age) with or without dyslexia (utilising both age- and reading-level-matched controls) using electroencephalography (EEG). EEG data were recorded as participants listened to an audio-story...
March 30, 2018: NeuroImage
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605359/caregivers-perception-of-speech-and-language-status-and-related-needs-in-children-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#14
B Subramaniyan, Roopa Nagarajan, R Vaidyanathan, B Rajashekhar, B W C Sathiyasekaran
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Comprehensive management for communication disorders in individuals with CLP was provided in a community based program in two rural districts in Tamilnadu, India. This program provides services at the community to empower the families about CLP and treatment options. OBJECTIVE: To document the caregiver perceptions' of communication status and needs in children with repaired CLP. METHOD: Six Focus Group Discussions were conducted in Thiruvannamalai and Cuddalore districts in Tamil Nadu, India...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605339/cochlear-implantation-in-children-with-auditory-neuropathy-spectrum-disorder-a-multicenter-study-on-auditory-performance-and-speech-production-outcomes
#15
Ahmad Daneshi, Marjan Mirsalehi, Seyed Basir Hashemi, Mohammad Ajalloueyan, Mohsen Rajati, Mohammad Mahdi Ghasemi, Hesamaldin Emamdjomeh, Alimohamad Asghari, Shabahang Mohammadi, Mohammad Mohseni, Saleh Mohebbi, Mohammad Farhadi
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the auditory performance and speech production outcome in children with auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder (ANSD). The effect of age on the outcomes of the surgery at the time of implantation was also evaluated. METHODS: Cochlear implantation was performed in 136 children with bilateral severe-to- profound hearing loss due to ANSD, at four tertiary academic centers. The patients were divided into two groups based on the age at the time of implantation; Group I: Children ≤24 months, and Group II: subjects >24 months...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605336/development-and-standardization-of-arabic-words-in-noise-test-in-egyptian-children
#16
Tayseer Taha Abdel Rahman
OBJECTIVES: To develop and establish norms of Arabic Words in Noise test in Egyptian children. METHOD: Total number of participants was 152 with normal hearing and ranging in age from 5 to 12 years. They are subdivided into two main groups (standardization group) which comprised 120 children with normal scholastic achievement and (application group) which comprised 32 children with different types of central auditory processing disorders. Arabic version of both Speech perception in noise (SPIN) and Words in Noise (WIN) tests were presented in each ear at zero signal to-noise ratio (SNR) using ipsilateral Cafeteria noise fixed at 50 dB sensation level (dBSL)...
May 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599011/anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-in-children-incidence-and-experience-in-hong-kong
#17
Alvin Chi-Chung Ho, Sophelia Hoi-Shan Chan, Eric Chan, Sheila Suet-Na Wong, Sharon Tsui-Hang Fung, Sharon Wan-Wah Cherk, Eva Lai-Wah Fung, Kam-Hung Ma, Kwing-Wan Tsui, Eric Kin-Cheong Yau, Virginia Chun-Nei Wong
AIM: The study aims to analyze the incidence, clinical features, investigation findings and treatment outcomes of anti-N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor encephalitis in children from Hong Kong. METHOD: A retrospective study was carried out on paediatric patients diagnosed with anti-NMDAR encephalitis in Hong Kong from January 2009 to December 2015. RESULTS: Fifteen patients (67% female, 93% Chinese) were identified over seven years and the estimated incidence in Hong Kong was 2...
March 26, 2018: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589469/assessing-speech-language-and-communication-difficulties-in-children-referred-for-adhd-a-qualitative-evaluation-of-a-uk-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-service
#18
Kelly M Y Chan, Andrew J B Fugard
BACKGROUND: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most common childhood neuropsychiatric disorders and is highly comorbid with speech, language and communication difficulties (SLCDs). However, it is unclear how often SLCDs are identified in ADHD referrals in routine practice and whether there are unidentified SLCDs within this population. METHOD: A thematic analysis was conducted on a random sample of case notes from 18 referrals for ADHD made to a child and adolescent mental health service (CAMHS) in London, United Kingdom...
March 1, 2018: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582052/the-complexity-approach-to-phonological-treatment-how-to-select-treatment-targets
#19
Holly L Storkel
Purpose: There are a number of evidence-based treatments for preschool children with phonological disorders (Baker & McLeod, 2011). However, a recent survey by Brumbaugh and Smit (2013) suggests that speech-language pathologists are not equally familiar with all evidence-based treatment alternatives, particularly the complexity approach. The goal of this clinical tutorial is to provide coaching on the implementation of the complexity approach in clinical practice, focusing on treatment target selection...
March 26, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29575355/family-aggregation-of-language-impairment-in-an-isolated-chilean-population-from-robinson-crusoe-island
#20
Zulema De Barbieri, María Angélica Fernández, Dianne F Newbury, Pía Villanueva
BACKGROUND: It has been reported that the inhabitants of the Chilean Robinson Crusoe Island have an increased frequency of specific language impairment (SLI) or developmental language disorder (DLD). AIMS: To explore the familial aggregation of DLD in this community. METHODS & PROCEDURES: We assessed the frequency of DLD amongst colonial children between the ages of 3 and 8;11 years (50 individuals from 45 nuclear families). Familial aggregation rates of language disorder were calculated by assessing all available first-degree relatives (n = 107, 77 parents, 25 siblings, five half-siblings) of the probands...
March 25, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
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