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speech disorder in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899341/quality-of-mobile-phone-and-tablet-mobile-apps-for-speech-sound-disorders-protocol-for-an-evidence-based-appraisal
#1
Lisa M Furlong, Meg E Morris, Shane Erickson, Tanya A Serry
BACKGROUND: Although mobile apps are readily available for speech sound disorders (SSD), their validity has not been systematically evaluated. This evidence-based appraisal will critically review and synthesize current evidence on available therapy apps for use by children with SSD. OBJECTIVE: The main aims are to (1) identify the types of apps currently available for Android and iOS mobile phones and tablets, and (2) to critique their design features and content using a structured quality appraisal tool...
November 29, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893232/narrative-production-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-and-children-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd-similarities-and-differences
#2
Sanne J M Kuijper, Catharina A Hartman, Suzanne T M Bogaerds-Hazenberg, Petra Hendriks
The present study focuses on the similarities and differences in language production between children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) and children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). In addition, we investigated whether Theory of Mind (ToM), working memory, and response inhibition are associated with language production. Narratives, produced by 106 Dutch-speaking children (36 with ASD, 34 with ADHD, and 36 typically developing) aged 6 to 12 during ADOS assessment, were examined on several linguistic measures: verbal productivity, speech fluency, syntactic complexity, lexical semantics, and discourse pragmatics...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27882295/neuroanatomical-correlates-of-childhood-apraxia-of-speech-a-connectomic-approach
#3
Simona Fiori, Andrea Guzzetta, Jhimli Mitra, Kerstin Pannek, Rosa Pasquariello, Paola Cipriani, Michela Tosetti, Giovanni Cioni, Stephen E Rose, Anna Chilosi
Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) is a paediatric speech sound disorder in which precision and consistency of speech movements are impaired. Most children with idiopathic CAS have normal structural brain MRI. We hypothesize that children with CAS have altered structural connectivity in speech/language networks compared to controls and that these altered connections are related to functional speech/language measures. Whole brain probabilistic tractography, using constrained spherical deconvolution, was performed for connectome generation in 17 children with CAS and 10 age-matched controls...
2016: NeuroImage: Clinical
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27868264/profiles-of-children-with-down-syndrome-who-meet-screening-criteria-for-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd-a-comparison-with-children-diagnosed-with-asd-attending-specialist-schools
#4
G Warner, P Howlin, E Salomone, J Moss, T Charman
BACKGROUND: Recent research suggests that around 16% to 18% of children with Down syndrome (DS) also meet diagnostic criteria for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). However, there are indications that profiles of autism symptoms in this group may vary from those typically described in children with ASD. METHOD: Rates of autism symptoms and emotional and behavioural problems among children with DS who screened positive for ASD on the Social Communication Questionnaire (SCQ) (n = 183) were compared with a group of children with clinical diagnoses of ASD (n = 189) attending specialist schools in the UK...
November 21, 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865228/specific-subtype-of-fluency-disorder-affecting-french-speaking-children-a-phonological-analysis
#5
Nadia Brejon Teitler, Sandrine Ferré, Clémentine Dailly
PURPOSE: Clinicians working with fluency disorders sometimes see children whose word repetitions are mostly located at the end of words and do not induce physical tension. Prior studies on the topic have proposed several names for these disfluencies including "end word repetitions", "final sound repetitions" and "atypical disfluency". The purpose of this study was to use phonological analysis to explore the patterns of this poorly recognized fluency disorder in order to better understand its specific speech characteristics...
December 2016: Journal of Fluency Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859986/effectiveness-of-1-1-speech-and-language-therapy-for-older-children-with-developmental-language-disorder
#6
Susan H Ebbels, Lisa Wright, Sally Brockbank, Caroline Godfrey, Catherine Harris, Hannah Leniston, Kate Neary, Hilary Nicoll, Lucy Nicoll, Jackie Scott, Nataša Marić
BACKGROUND: Evidence of the effectiveness of therapy for older children with (developmental) language disorder (DLD), and particularly those with receptive language impairments, is very limited. The few existing studies have focused on particular target areas, but none has looked at a whole area of a service. AIMS: To establish whether for students with (developmental) language disorder attending a specialist school, 1:1 intervention with an SLT during one school term improves performance on targeted areas, compared with untreated control areas...
November 18, 2016: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27857809/delayed-speech-hyperactivity-and-coarse-facies-does-sanfilippo-syndrome-come-to-mind
#7
Ayşe Kartal
Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IIIA (MPS IIIA) or Sanfilippo-A syndrome is caused by a deficiency in lysosomal a-heparan N-sulfatase. Its clinical manifestations include progressive dementia, hyperactivity, and aggressive behavior. Unlike other mucopolysaccharide disorders, the diagnosis of MPS IIIA is challenging in both adults and children. This diagnostic challenge has been associated with the high incidence of false negative results encountered on urinary screening tests. We herein describe Sanfilippo-A syndrome in a pediatric patient who presented with progressive hyperactivity, delayed language, and developmental delay and a negative urine screening test...
July 2016: Journal of Pediatric Neurosciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27852336/underlying-manifestations-of-developmental-phonological-disorders-in-french-speaking-pre-schoolers
#8
Françoise Brosseau-Lapré, Susan Rvachew
This study examined the psycholinguistic profiles of Quebec French-speaking children with developmental phonological disorders (DPD). The purpose was to determine whether the endophenotypes that have been identified in English-speaking children with DPD are similarly associated with speech impairment in French-speaking children. Seventy-two children with DPD and ten children with normally developing speech, aged four to six years, received a comprehensive assessment battery that included measures at the phenotype level (i...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Child Language
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27849248/what-we-know-of-the-central-auditory-disorders-in-children-exposed-to-alcohol-during-pregnancy-systematic-review
#9
Humberto de Oliveira Simões, Sthella Zanchetta, Erikson Felipe Furtado
Purpose: To identify the effects of alcohol intake during pregnancy on the central auditory nervous system in relation to their possible diagnosis, Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, partial Fetal Alcohol Syndrome, Alcohol-Related Birth Defects and Alcohol-Related Neurodevelopmental Disorder, his extension and the hearing assessment method. Research strategy: Systematic and integrative review searched the databases PubMed, LILACS and SciELO, with terms in Portuguese and English "fetal alcohol syndrome", "alcohol-related disorders" associated with "hearing"...
September 2016: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843043/hyperekplexia-report-on-phenotype-and-genotype-of-16-jordanian-patients
#10
Amira Masri, Seo-Kyung Chung, Mark I Rees
BACKGROUND: Hyperekplexia, is a rare disorder characterized by excessive startle response to acoustic, visual, or other stimuli. It is inherited in autosomal recessive and dominant pattern. OBJECTIVE: To describe the clinical and genetic features of hyperekplexia in Jordanian patients. METHODS: This retrospective study includes all patients with proved genetic diagnosis of hyperekplexia who presented to our clinic at the Jordan University Hospital from January 2001 through July 2015...
November 11, 2016: Brain & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843007/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-intensive-multidisciplinary-intervention-for-pediatric-feeding-disorders-how-standard-is-the-standard-of-care
#11
William G Sharp, Valerie M Volkert, Lawrence Scahill, Courtney E McCracken, Barbara McElhanon
OBJECTIVE: To assess models of care and conduct a meta-analysis of program outcomes for children receiving intensive, multidisciplinary intervention for pediatric feeding disorders. STUDY DESIGN: We searched Medline, PsycINFO, and PubMed databases (2000-2015) in peer-reviewed journals for studies that examined the treatment of children with chronic food refusal receiving intervention at day treatment or inpatient hospital programs. Inclusion criteria required the presentation of quantitative data on food consumption, feeding behavior, and/or growth status before and after intervention...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27829034/auditory-motor-mapping-training-comparing-the-effects-of-a-novel-speech-treatment-to-a-control-treatment-for-minimally-verbal-children-with-autism
#12
Karen Chenausky, Andrea Norton, Helen Tager-Flusberg, Gottfried Schlaug
This study compared Auditory-Motor Mapping Training (AMMT), an intonation-based treatment for facilitating spoken language in minimally verbal children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), to a matched control treatment, Speech Repetition Therapy (SRT). 23 minimally verbal children with ASD (20 male, mean age 6;5) received at least 25 sessions of AMMT. Seven (all male) were matched on age and verbal ability to seven participants (five male) who received SRT. Outcome measures were Percent Syllables Approximated, Percent Consonants Correct (of 86), and Percent Vowels Correct (of 61) produced on two sets of 15 bisyllabic stimuli...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820942/language-parameters-of-4-to-7-year-old-persian-speaking-children-with-cleft-lip-and-palate
#13
Zahra Ghayoumi Anaraki, Maryam Faham, Fatemeh Derakhshandeh, Hedieh Hashemi Hosseinabad, Fatemeh Haresabadi
OBJECTIVE: There are several risk factors including hearing difficulties, lack of language stimulation, and parents' low level of expectation leading to language disorders in children with cleft palate. Therefore, formal language assessments of children with cleft palate are of great importance in order to prevent further disabilities. The purpose of the present study is to evaluate language parameters in 4- to 7-year old Persian-speaking children with cleft palate. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 16 children with unilateral and bilateral cleft lip and palate aged between 4 and 7 years participated in the experiment...
November 8, 2016: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818061/young-children-who-screen-positive-for-autism-stability-change-and-comorbidity-over-two-years
#14
Anne-Katrin Kantzer, Elisabeth Fernell, Joakim Westerlund, Bibbi Hagberg, Christopher Gillberg, Carmela Miniscalco
BACKGROUND: Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a developmental disorder with a wide variety of clinical phenotypes and co-occurrences with other neurodevelopmental conditions. Symptoms may change over time. AIMS: The aim of the present study was to prospectively follow 96 children, initially assessed for suspected ASD at an average age of 2.9 years. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: All children had been identified with autistic symptoms in a general population child health screening program, and had been referred to the Child Neuropsychiatry Clinic in Gothenburg, Sweden for further assessment by a multi-professional team at Time 1 (T1)...
November 3, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802895/a-connective-tissue-disorder-may-underlie-essence-problems-in-childhood
#15
REVIEW
Carolina Baeza-Velasco, Rodney Grahame, Jaime F Bravo
BACKGROUND: Ehlers-Danlos syndrome hypermobility type, also known as Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (EDS-HT/JHS), is the most common hereditary disorder of the connective tissue (HDCT). It is characterized by tissue fragility, joint hypermobility and a wide range of articular and non-articular manifestations, which often appear in infancy. The clinical picture of EDS-HT/JHS is poorly known by the medical community, as is the presence of "ESSENCE" (Early Symptomatic Syndromes Eliciting Neurodevelopmental Clinical Examinations) problems in affected children...
October 29, 2016: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796692/externalizing-outcomes-of-youth-with-and-without-adhd-time-varying-prediction-by-parental-adhd-and-mediated-effects
#16
Elizabeth Moroney, Irene Tung, Whitney A Brammer, Tara S Peris, Steve S Lee
Although parental attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a risk factor for multiple negative youth outcomes, it is unknown how change in parental ADHD symptoms over time affects change in child ADHD symptoms; moreover, mediators of these predictions are largely unknown. Parents of 230 5-10 year-old children (68 % male) with (n = 120) and without ADHD (n = 110) were followed prospectively for 6-7 years across three separate waves. Parents self-reported their ADHD and depression symptoms and similarly rated offspring ADHD, oppositional defiant disorder (ODD), and conduct disorder (CD) symptoms; youth self-reported their substance use...
October 29, 2016: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789174/-pediatric-obstructive-sleep-apnea-syndrome-treatment-strategy
#17
J Cohen-Lévy, J Potenza, V Couloigner
Pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) has a multifactorial origin. For the child with no dysmorphic disorders or comorbidities, its main etiology is pharyngeal soft tissue hypertrophy, a dimensional reduction of the facial skeletal frame restricting the airway, an anomaly of muscular tone, or a combination of these factors. Consequently, proper diagnosis and treatment planning for these children can require several medical specialties, according to the complexity, severity, and persistence of OSAS: ear-nose-throat specialists (ENT), pneumologists/allergologists, dentofacial orthopedists/orthodontists, and physical therapists/speech therapists...
October 24, 2016: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785865/mothers-speak-differently-to-infants-at-risk-for-dyslexia
#18
Marina Kalashnikova, Usha Goswami, Denis Burnham
Dyslexia is a neurodevelopmental disorder manifested in deficits in reading and spelling skills that is consistently associated with difficulties in phonological processing. Dyslexia is genetically transmitted, but its manifestation in a particular individual is thought to depend on the interaction of epigenetic and environmental factors. We adopt a novel interactional perspective on early linguistic environment and dyslexia by simultaneously studying two pre-existing factors, one maternal and one infant, that may contribute to these interactions; and two behaviours, one maternal and one infant, to index the effect of these factors...
October 27, 2016: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27785593/communication-deficits-and-the-motor-system-exploring-patterns-of-associations-in-autism-spectrum-disorder-asd
#19
M Mody, A M Shui, L A Nowinski, S B Golas, C Ferrone, J A O'Rourke, C J McDougle
Many children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have notable difficulties in motor, speech and language domains. The connection between motor skills (oral-motor, manual-motor) and speech and language deficits reported in other developmental disorders raises important questions about a potential relationship between motor skills and speech-language deficits in ASD. To this end, we examined data from children with ASD (n = 1781), 2-17 years of age, enrolled in the Autism Speaks-Autism Treatment Network (AS-ATN) registry who completed a multidisciplinary evaluation that included diagnostic, physical, cognitive and behavioral assessments as part of a routine standard of care protocol...
October 26, 2016: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774762/hearing-characterization-in-oculoauriculovertebral-spectrum-a-prospective-study-with-10-patients
#20
Thayse Bienert Goetze, Pricila Sleifer, Rafael Fabiano Machado Rosa, Alessandra Pawelec da Silva, Carla Graziadio, Paulo Ricardo Gazzola Zen
Oculoauriculovertebral spectrum (OAVS), also known as Goldenhar syndrome, is considered a condition associated to failing of embryogenesis involving the first and second branchial arches, leading to structural abnormalities arising from it. The aim of this study is to verify the hearing features presented by patients with OAVS and provide additional information that may contribute to improvement of speech therapy. The sample consisted of 10 individuals diagnosed with OAVS and cared for by the Clinical Genetics Service...
October 24, 2016: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
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