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speech disorder in children

Manon Robillard, Annie Roy-Charland, Sylvie Cazabon
Purpose: This study examined the role of cognition on the navigational process of a speech-generating device (SGD) among individuals with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The objective was to investigate the role of various cognitive factors (i.e., cognitive flexibility, sustained attention, categorization, fluid reasoning, and working memory) on the ability to navigate an SGD with dynamic paging and taxonomic grids in individuals with ASD. Method: Twenty individuals aged 5 to 20 years with ASD were assessed using the Leiter International Performance Scale-Revised (Roid & Miller, 1997) and the Automated Working Memory Assessment (Alloway, 2007)...
June 22, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
L S Chutko, S Yu Surushkina, E A Yakovenko, A V Sergeev, A V Rozhkova
AIM: To assess cognitive and emotional disorders in children of primary school age who have a history of specific language impairment (SLI). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Eighty-six children, aged 7-9 years, who were previously studied at age of 3-6 years with a diagnosis of SLI with a predominant disorder of expressive speech, were examined. Common neurological examination, psychological and psychometric testing were performed. RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Clinical manifestations of the developmental disorder of expressive speech of moderate degree remained in 19...
2018: Zhurnal Nevrologii i Psikhiatrii Imeni S.S. Korsakova
María Del Carmen Pamplona, Pablo Antonio Ysunza
Children with cleft palate frequently show speech and language disorders. In the related scientific literature, several reports have described the use of different strategies for treating speech disorders in children with cleft palate. However, only a few studies have addressed the use of these strategies within a meaningful linguistic context.Deliberate practice is a procedure or strategy, which proposes that the key for achieving high levels of expert performance is dedicating long time for practice. Deliberate practice has been studied mainly in the areas of sports and intellectual games...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Mario Manto
More than a century after the description of its cardinal components, the cerebellar motor syndrome (CMS) remains a cornerstone of daily clinical ataxiology, in both children and adults. Anatomically, motor cerebellum involves lobules I-V, VI, and VIII. CMS is typically associated with errors in the metrics of voluntary movements and a lack of coordination. Symptoms and motor signs consist of speech deficits, impairments of limb movements, and abnormalities of posture/gait. Ataxic dysarthria has a typical scanning (explosive with staccato) feature, voice has a nasal character, and speech is slurred...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Bianca Arrhenius, David Gyllenberg, Roshan Chudal, Venla Lehti, Minna Sucksdorff, Ona Sourander, Juha-Pekka Virtanen, Jutta Torsti, Andre Sourander
BACKGROUND: Broadly defined learning and coordination disorders (LCDs) are common in the population and have previously been associated with familial social risk factors and male sex. However, comprehensive nationwide studies of these risk factors in LCD subgroups are lacking. Our objective was to assess different LCDs in relation to sex and maternal education, marital status and socioeconomic status based on occupation. METHODS: We conducted a nationwide register-based study...
June 15, 2018: BMC Public Health
Eleanor Sugden, Elise Baker, Natalie Munro, A Lynn Williams, Carol M Trivette
BACKGROUND: When planning evidence-based intervention services for children with phonology-based speech sound disorders (SSD), speech and language therapists (SLTs) need to integrate research evidence regarding service delivery and intervention intensity within their clinical practice. However, relatively little is known about the optimal intensity of phonological interventions and whether SLTs' services align with the research evidence. AIMS: The aims are twofold...
June 14, 2018: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Aaron Shield, Richard P Meier
The parts of the body that are used to produce and perceive signed languages (the hands, face, and visual system) differ from those used to produce and perceive spoken languages (the vocal tract and auditory system). In this paper we address two factors that have important consequences for sign language acquisition. First, there are three types of lexical signs: one-handed, two-handed symmetrical, and two-handed asymmetrical. Natural variation in hand dominance in the population leads to varied input to children learning sign...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
Eric S Hall, Jennifer M McAllister, Scott L Wexelblatt
The objective was to compare diagnosis rates representing developmental outcomes and medical complications between infants with intrauterine opioid exposures who did not receive pharmacologic treatment for neonatal abstinence syndrome at the time of birth and infants for whom no exposure to substances of abuse were detected. This retrospective, descriptive study included approximately 95% of Hamilton County, Ohio resident births in 2014 and 2015. Universal maternal drug test results, performed at the time of birth, were documented and linked to electronic health records representing pediatric primary and subspecialty follow-up care as well as urgent care, emergency care, and inpatient services provided by Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center through 2017, when all children were at least 24 months old...
June 12, 2018: Population Health Management
Coriene Catsman-Berrevoets, Zoltan Patay
Cerebellar mutism most commonly, but not exclusively, develops in children after surgery for midline cerebellar or intraventricular tumors in the posterior fossa, typically medulloblastoma. Cerebellar mutism syndrome (CMS) comprises a complex set of neurologic and neurocognitive signs and symptoms, the cardinal and central component of which is an initially profound but usually reversible speech disorder. As such, CMS is currently recognized as an extreme form of the so-called cerebellar cognitive affective syndrome (Schmahmann syndrome)...
2018: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
Ellen Raben Pedersen
OBJECTIVE: This study evaluates the Danish test battery for auditory processing disorder (APD). The battery consists of four behavioural tests, two speech and two non-speech stimuli tests. The evaluation includes determination of: (1) new cut-off values (pass-fail criteria), (2) the sensitivity and the specificity of the entire test battery and (3) the failure rate of different test combinations. DESIGN: For each test in the battery, cut-off values were determined using the weighted Youden index...
June 10, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
Rahilsadat Hosseini, Bridget Walsh, Fenghua Tian, Shouyi Wang
Stuttering is a communication disorder that affects approximately 1% of the population. Although 5-8% of preschool children begin to stutter, the majority will recover with or without intervention. There is a significant gap, however, in our understanding of why many children recover from stuttering while others persist and stutter throughout their lives. Detecting neurophysiological biomarkers of stuttering persistence is a critical objective of this paper. In this paper, we developed a novel supervised sparse feature learning approach to discover discriminative biomarkers from functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) brain imaging data recorded during a speech production experiment from 46 children in three groups: children who stutter ( ); children who do not stutter ( ); and children who recovered from stuttering ( )...
June 2018: IEEE Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering
Nicole R Karcher, Deanna M Barch, Shelli Avenevoli, Mark Savill, Rebekah S Huber, Tony J Simon, Ingrid N Leckliter, Kenneth J Sher, Rachel L Loewy
Importance: Childhood psychoticlike experiences (PLEs) are associated with greater odds of a diagnosis of a psychotic disorder during adulthood. However, no known, well-validated self-report tools have been designed to measure childhood PLEs. Objective: To examine the construct validity and psychometric properties of a measure of PLEs, the Prodromal Questionnaire-Brief Child Version (PQ-BC). Design, Setting, and Participants: This validation study used data from the first wave of the Adolescent Brain and Cognitive Development (ABCD) Study, a prospective longitudinal study aimed at assessing risk factors associated with adverse physical and mental health outcomes from ages 9 to 10 years into late adolescence and early adulthood...
June 6, 2018: JAMA Psychiatry
Charles R Doarn, Stephanie Zacharias, Casey Stewart Keck, Meredith Tabangin, Alessandro DeAlarcon, Lisa Kelchner
PURPOSE: This article describes the design and implementation of a web-based portal developed to provide supported home practice between weekly voice therapy sessions delivered through telehealth to children with voice disorders. This in-between care consisted of supported home practice that was remotely monitored by speech-language pathologists (SLPs). METHODS: A web-based voice therapy portal (VTP) was developed as a platform so participants could complete voice therapy home practice by an interdisciplinary team of SLPs (specialized in pediatric voice therapy), telehealth specialists, biomedical informaticians, and interface designers...
June 5, 2018: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Anniek Van Doornik, Ellen Gerrits, Sharynne McLeod, Hayo Terband
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to examine the role of familiarity of a communication partner on Dutch parents' perception of their child's intelligibility, for children with typically-developing speech (TD) or speech sound disorder (SSD). METHOD: Participants were 67 Dutch-speaking children (48-84 months), 48 with TD and 19 with SSD. Item scores on the parent-rated Intelligibility in Context Scale: Dutch (ICS-NL) were compared between groups and related to naive listeners' ratings of children's intelligibility (IR), and a measure of speech accuracy (i...
June 2018: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
Christina M Roup, Emily Post, Jessica Lewis
BACKGROUND: There is a growing body of evidence demonstrating self-reported hearing difficulties (HD; i.e., substantial difficulty in understanding speech in complex listening situations) in adults with normal pure-tone sensitivity. Anecdotally, some audiologists have tried personal mild-gain amplification as a treatment option for adults with HD. In 2008, Kuk and colleagues reported positive results of a mild-gain hearing aid trial for children with auditory processing disorders. To date, however, there have been no studies investigating the benefit of mild-gain amplification to treat HD in adults with normal audiograms...
June 2018: Journal of the American Academy of Audiology
Nassim Hashemi, Ali Ghorbani, Zahra Soleymani, Mohmmad Kamali, Zohreh Ziatabar Ahmadi, Saeid Mahmoudian
OBJECTIVE: Auditory discrimination of speech sounds is an important perceptual ability and a precursor to the acquisition of language. Auditory information is at least partially necessary for the acquisition and organization of phonological rules. There are few standardized behavioral tests to evaluate phonemic distinctive features in children with or without speech and language disorders. The main objective of the present study was the development, validity, and reliability of the Persian version of auditory word discrimination test (P-AWDT) for 4-8-year-old children...
July 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Martina Tresoldi, Maria Rosaria Barillari, Federico Ambrogi, Elena Sai, Umberto Barillari, Elvira Tozzi, Letizia Scarponi, Antonio Schindler
OBJECTIVES: As a standardized instrument to assess speech sound development in Italian-speaking children is currently lacking, norms used to diagnose speech sound disorders (SSD) are mainly based on studies including English-speaking participants. This application may result in misidentification of SSD due to linguistic differences. The aims of the study were to establish normative data on speech sound development of Italian-speaking children and to evaluate psychometric properties of Rossi's articulation test, the picture-naming test selected to assess speech sound development...
July 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
Angela T Morgan, Elizabeth Murray, Frederique J Liégeois
BACKGROUND: Childhood apraxia of speech (CAS) affects a child's ability to produce sounds and syllables precisely and consistently, and to produce words and sentences with accuracy and correct speech rhythm. It is a rare condition, affecting only 0.1% of the general population. Consensus has been reached that three core features have diagnostic validity: (1) inconsistent error production on both consonants and vowels across repeated productions of syllables or words; (2) lengthened and impaired coarticulatory transitions between sounds and syllables; and (3) inappropriate prosody (ASHA 2007)...
May 30, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
R Schönweiler
In the first part of this seminar paper, speech-language development tests were presented and the importance of the differential diagnosis of the underlying causes of the diagnosed language development disorder was discussed. The second part focuses on counseling and training of the parents, as well as the different treatment methods used for speech-language therapy for affected children in out- and inpatient settings. These procedures should be applied according to the individual developmental age. The official guidelines are to be respected, especially for medical speech-language therapy...
May 29, 2018: HNO
Megan-Brette Hamilton, Henry Angulo-Jiménez, Christine Taylo, Laura S DeThorne
Purpose: The purpose of this clinical focus piece is to increase familiarity with Philippine English (PE) and highlight clinical implications for working with nonmainstream dialect speakers. Method: The clinical focus draws on descriptive case study data from 2 Filipino kindergarten boys who live in the United States. Multiple ethnographic data sources were subjected to contrastive analyses regarding nonmainstream features in the children's speech that might be consistent with PE...
May 9, 2018: Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools
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