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speech disorder in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238445/the-social-validity-of-telepractice-among-spanish-speaking-caregivers-of-english-learners-an-examination-of-moderators
#1
Lisa Fitton, Kristina N Bustamante, Carla Wood
The purpose of the present paper was to examine the social validity of telepractice as a service delivery model for Spanish-speaking families of English learners. Quantitative survey methodology was employed to examine 79 caregivers' opinions regarding telepractice and to obtain background information about participants' home environments. Findings revealed that approximately 46% of the participant sample reported being interested in their children receiving services via telepractice. Caregivers reported limited familiarity with telepractice as an option, but were likely to express interest if their child had an identified speech or language disorder or if they were interested in increased access to Spanish language support for their children...
2017: International Journal of Telerehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236903/ultrasound-analysis-of-tongue-contour-for-the-sound-j-in-adults-and-children
#2
Luciana da Silva Barberena, Simone Nicolini de Simoni, Rosalina Correa Sobrinho de Souza, Denis Altieri de Oliveira Moraes, Larissa Cristina Berti, Márcia Keske-Soares
PURPOSE: Analyze and compare the mean tongue contours and articulatory gestures in the production of the sound [j] in adults and children with typical and atypical speech development. The children with atypical development presented speech sound disorders. METHODS: The diagnosis was determined by speech assessments. The study sample was composed of 90 individuals divided into three groups: 30 adults with typical speech development aged 19-44 years (AT), 30 children with typical speech development (CT), and 30 children with speech sound disorders, named as atypical in this study, aged four years to eight years and eleven months (CA)...
December 11, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232055/outcome-of-orthodontic-palatal-plate-therapy-for-orofacial-dysfunction-in-children-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
F Javed, Z Akram, A P Barillas, S V Kellesarian, H B Ahmed, J Khan, K Almas
To evaluate the effects of orthodontic palatal plate therapy (OPPT) in the treatment of orofacial dysfunction in children with Down syndrome (DS). Indexed databases were searched. Clinical trials in DS allocated to test (treatment with palatal plates) versus control group (without palatal plates/special physiotherapy for orofacial stimulation) with follow-up of any time duration and assessing mouth closure, tongue position, active and inactive muscle function as outcomes. Study designs, subject demographics, frequency and duration of palatal plate therapy, method for assessment, follow-up period and outcomes were reported according to the PRISMA guidelines...
December 12, 2017: Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29227168/assessment-of-communication-abilities-in-multilingual-children-language-rights-or-human-rights
#4
Madalena Cruz-Ferreira
Communication involves a sender, a receiver and a shared code operating through shared rules. Breach of communication results from disruption to any of these basic components of a communicative chain, although assessment of communication abilities typically focuses on senders/receivers, on two assumptions: first, that their command of features and rules of the language in question (the code), such as sounds, words or word order, as described in linguists' theorisations, represents the full scope of linguistic competence; and second, that languages are stable, homogeneous entities, unaffected by their users' communicative needs...
December 11, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225339/early-speech-development-in-koolen-de-vries-syndrome-limited-by-oral-praxis-and-hypotonia
#5
Angela T Morgan, Leenke van Haaften, Karen van Hulst, Carol Edley, Cristina Mei, Tiong Yang Tan, David Amor, Simon E Fisher, David A Koolen
Communication disorder is common in Koolen de Vries syndrome (KdVS), yet its specific symptomatology has not been examined, limiting prognostic counselling and application of targeted therapies. Here we examine the communication phenotype associated with KdVS. Twenty-nine participants (12 males, 4 with KANSL1 variants, 25 with 17q21.31 microdeletion), aged 1.0-27.0 years were assessed for oral-motor, speech, language, literacy, and social functioning. Early history included hypotonia and feeding difficulties...
December 11, 2017: European Journal of Human Genetics: EJHG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223492/young-children-s-family-history-of-stuttering-and-their-articulation-language-and-attentional-abilities-an-exploratory-study
#6
Dahye Choi, Edward G Conture, Victoria Tumanova, Chagit E Clark, Tedra A Walden, Robin M Jones
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to determine whether young children who do (CWS) and do not stutter (CWNS) with a positive versus negative family history of stuttering differ in articulation, language and attentional abilities and family histories of articulation, language and attention related disorders. METHOD: Participants were 25 young CWS and 50 young CWNS. All 75 participants' caregivers consistently reported a positive or negative family history of stuttering across three consecutive time points that were about 8 months apart for a total of approximately 16 months...
November 26, 2017: Journal of Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218830/effectiveness-of-vocabulary-intervention-for-older-children-with-developmental-language-disorder
#7
Lisa Wright, Tim Pring, Susan Ebbels
BACKGROUND: Children with developmental language disorder (DLD) frequently have difficulties with word learning and understanding vocabulary. For these children, this can significantly impact on social interactions, daily activities and academic progress. Although there is literature providing a rationale for targeting word learning in such children, there is little evidence for the effectiveness of specific interventions in this area for children with identified DLD. AIMS: To establish whether direct one-to-one intervention for children with DLD over 9 years of age leads to improved abilities to identify, comprehend, define, and use nouns and verbs targeted in intervention as compared with non-targeted control items and whether or not the participants' rating of their own knowledge of the words changes with intervention...
December 7, 2017: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215027/altered-human-voice-processing-in-the-frontal-cortex-and-a-developmental-language-delay-in-3-to-5-year-old-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Yuko Yoshimura, Mitsuru Kikuchi, Norio Hayashi, Hirotoshi Hiraishi, Chiaki Hasegawa, Tetsuya Takahashi, Manabu Oi, Gerard B Remijn, Takashi Ikeda, Daisuke N Saito, Hirokazu Kumazaki, Yoshio Minabe
The inferior frontal and superior temporal areas in the left hemisphere are crucial for human language processing. In the present study, we investigated the magnetic mismatch field (MMF) evoked by voice stimuli in 3- to 5-year-old typically developing (TD) children and children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) using child-customized magnetoencephalography (MEG). The children with ASD exhibited significantly decreased activation in the left superior temporal gyrus compared with the TD children for the MMF amplitude...
December 7, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201823/speech-and-linguistic-features-of-children-with-articulation-disorder
#9
Jiyong Kim, Seong Woo Kim, Ha Ra Jeon, Mee Ryung Woo, Hyo In Kim
Objective: To analyze speech and linguistic features in children with articulation disorder characterized by consonant and vowel phonological errors. Methods: Between February 2007 and June 2015, 117 children who showed articulation disorder were selected for the study. Based on comprehensive speech and language assessments, the subjects were classified into articulation dysfunction (AD), or AD overlapping with language delay. Detailed information of articulation, including percentage of consonants correct (PCC) and normal percentage of variable consonants derived from the Assessment of Phonology and Articulation for Children test, were compared between the two groups...
October 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188278/comparing-traditional-service-delivery-and-telepractice-for-speech-sound-production-using-a-functional-outcome-measure
#10
Kathy Coufal, Douglas Parham, Melissa Jakubowitz, Cassandra Howell, Jared Reyes
Purpose: Using American Speech-Language-Hearing Association's (ASHA's) National Outcomes Measurement System (NOMS) Functional Communication Measure (FCM) as a common metric, this investigation compared traditional service delivery and telepractice service delivery for children receiving therapy for the NOMS diagnostic category of "speech sound production." Method: De-identified cases were secured from ASHA's NOMS database and a proprietary database from a private e-learning provider...
November 29, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29182947/low-level-neural-auditory-discrimination-dysfunctions-in-specific-language-impairment-a-review-on-mismatch-negativity-findings
#11
REVIEW
Teija Kujala, Miika Leminen
In specific language impairment (SLI), there is a delay in the child's oral language skills when compared with nonverbal cognitive abilities. The problems typically relate to phonological and morphological processing and word learning. This article reviews studies which have used mismatch negativity (MMN) in investigating low-level neural auditory dysfunctions in this disorder. With MMN, it is possible to tap the accuracy of neural sound discrimination and sensory memory functions. These studies have found smaller response amplitudes and longer latencies for speech and non-speech sound changes in children with SLI than in typically developing children, suggesting impaired and slow auditory discrimination in SLI...
October 24, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29177617/do-parents-model-gestures-differently-when-children-s-gestures-differ
#12
Şeyda Özçalışkan, Lauren B Adamson, Nevena Dimitrova, Stephanie Baumann
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or with Down syndrome (DS) show diagnosis-specific differences from typically developing (TD) children in gesture production. We asked whether these differences reflect the differences in parental gesture input. Our systematic observations of 23 children with ASD and 23 with DS (Mages = 2;6)-compared to 23 TD children (Mage = 1;6) similar in expressive vocabulary-showed that across groups children and parents produced similar types of gestures and gesture-speech combinations...
November 24, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176312/validation-of-a-paediatric-speech-and-language-screening-ralf
#13
Marisa Lousada, Ana Rita S Valente, Ana Mendes
BACKGROUND/AIMS: This study aims to analyse psychometric characteristics of the Portuguese Paediatric Speech and Language Screening (RALF) test. METHODS: 202 Portuguese children aged 3; 0-5; 11 were recruited from 4 kindergartens participating in this study. Reliability and validity (sensitivity and specificity) data were obtained and analysed. RESULTS: Content validity, analysed by an expert panel (general practitioner, kindergarten, teacher, nurse, and speech and language pathologist) revealed that the items were representative and relevant for the content the instrument intends to measure...
October 26, 2017: Folia Phoniatrica et Logopaedica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173718/a-pediatrician-s-guide-to-communication-disorders-secondary-to-cleft-lip-palate
#14
REVIEW
Ann W Kummer
This article describes how different types of clefts affect the child's function and, in particular, the child's communication abilities. This article also describes the evaluation process and various options for the treatment of affected speech. Because these children have many complicated needs over their entire growth period, it is important that they are referred by the pediatrician to a cleft palate/craniofacial team for the best care and best ultimate outcomes.
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173716/the-role-of-the-speech-language-pathologist-in-creating-a-model-for-interprofessional-practice-in-an-ambulatory-care-clinic
#15
REVIEW
Tommie L Robinson, Debra Anderson, Sahira Long
There is a need to better coordinate services for children in urban settings who are at risk for communication disorders. This article addresses the barriers to obtaining services and discusses the process for creating a model for interprofessional practice to better serve patients from lower socioeconomic backgrounds.
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173712/using-the-international-classification-of-functioning-disability-and-health-framework-to-achieve-interprofessional-functional-outcomes-for-young-children-a-speech-language-pathology-perspective
#16
REVIEW
Lemmietta G McNeilly
The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) framework is an excellent tool to facilitate the writing of functional goals for children who exhibit communication disorders and other developmental problems that require services from professionals in multiple therapeutic areas. The holistic view of children provides each professional with an approach that integrates how one's specific health conditions and contextual factors influence a child's functioning and participation in daily activities...
February 2018: Pediatric Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173597/congenital-heart-disease-and-neurodevelopment-clinical-manifestations-genetics-mechanisms-and-implications
#17
REVIEW
Sarah N Nattel, Laura Adrianzen, Erica C Kessler, Gregor Andelfinger, Mathieu Dehaes, Gabriel Côté-Corriveau, M Pilar Trelles
Children with congenital heart disease (CHD) are at increased risk of neurodevelopmental disorders (NDDs) and psychiatric conditions. These include cognitive, adaptive, motor, speech, behavioural, and executive functioning deficits, as well as autism spectrum disorder and psychiatric conditions. Structural and functional neuroimaging have demonstrated brain abnormalities in young children with CHD before undergoing surgical repair, likely as a result of an in utero developmental insult. Surgical factors do not seem to play a significant role in neurodevelopmental outcomes...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170941/a-sibling-mediated-intervention-for-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-using-the-natural-language-paradigm-nlp
#18
Vicki Spector, Marjorie H Charlop
We taught three typically developing siblings to occasion speech by implementing the Natural Language Paradigm (NLP) with their brothers with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). A non-concurrent multiple baseline design across children with ASD and sibling dyads was used. Ancillary behaviors of happiness, play, and joint attention for the children with ASD were recorded. Generalization of speech for the children with ASD across setting and peers was also measured. During baseline, the children with ASD displayed few target speech behaviors and the siblings inconsistently occasioned speech from their brothers...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170936/symbolic-play-in-school-aged-minimally-verbal-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#19
Ya-Chih Chang, Wendy Shih, Rebecca Landa, Ann Kaiser, Connie Kasari
Few interventions exist for school-aged minimally verbal children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Even though play skills are associated with children's production of language, few studies have focused on play for minimally verbal children. Fifty-eight minimally verbal children with ASD received a naturalistic developmental behavioral intervention. Children were randomized to receive a speech generating device in the context of the intervention or not. Children in both conditions improved in play skills at exit...
November 23, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29167377/oropharyngeal-dysphagia-and-cerebral-palsy
#20
Katherine A Benfer, Kelly A Weir, Kristie L Bell, Robert S Ware, Peter S W Davies, Roslyn N Boyd
OBJECTIVES: To determine the progression of oropharyngeal dysphagia (OPD) in preschool-aged children with cerebral palsy (CP) according to gross motor function. It was hypothesized that fewer children would have OPD at 60 months compared with 18 to 24 months (predominately Gross Motor Function Classification System [GMFCS] I-II). METHODS: Longitudinal population-based cohort of 179 children (confirmed CP diagnosis, born in Queensland in 2006-2009, aged 18-60 months at study entry [mean = 34...
November 22, 2017: Pediatrics
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