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speech disorder in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538832/nasalance-scores-of-brazilian-portuguese-speakers-at-5-years-of-age
#1
Débora Natália de Oliveira, Ana Claudia Martins Sampaio-Teixeira, Bianca Gonçalves Alvarenga, Ana Paula Fukushiro, Renata Paciello Yamashita, Inge Elly Kiemle Trindade
Purpose: To determine nasalance scores of Brazilian Portuguese speaking children without evident speech disorders, language delay and orofacial deformities, at age 5 years, and analyze differences between types of speech samples and genders. Methods: Twenty children were analyzed, 11 males, age ranging from 4 years and 10 months to 5 years and 11 months. The Nasometer II 6450 (KayPENTAX) was used for nasalance assessment. Speech samples were eight consonant-vowel syllables and one sequence of nine words...
May 22, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538824/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-the-percentage-of-consonants-correct-revised-in-the-identification-of-speech-sound-disorder
#2
Tatiane Faria Barrozo, Luciana de Oliveira Pagan-Neves, Joyce Pinheiro da Silva, Haydée Fiszbein Wertzner
Purpose: The purpose of the study was to determine the sensitivity and specificity, and to establish cutoff points for the severity index Percentage of Consonants Correct - Revised (PCC-R) in Brazilian Portuguese-speaking children with and without speech sound disorders. Methods: 72 children between 5:00 and 7:11 years old - 36 children without speech and language complaints and 36 children with speech sound disorders. The PCC-R was applied to the figure naming and word imitation tasks that are part of the ABFW Child Language Test...
May 22, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538046/general-pediatrician-staffed-behavioral-developmental-access-clinic-decreases-time-to-evaluation-of-early-childhood-developmental-disorders
#3
Meghan Harrison, Persephone Jones, Iman Sharif, Matthew D Di Guglielmo
OBJECTIVE: To describe and evaluate the effectiveness of a quality improvement project to decrease wait time to evaluation for children referred to Developmental Behavioral Pediatricians (DBPs). METHODS: The authors created a Behavioral/Developmental Access Clinic (BDAC) staffed by a general pediatrician (GP) and pediatric psychologist. Clinicians in the BDAC provided comprehensive developmental evaluations for children in a discrete age range (<5 yr old). We describe the establishment of the BDAC along with referrals, diagnoses, and recommended follow-up for patients seen by the GP...
May 22, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28530252/new-trends-in-rehabilitation-of-children-with-ent-disorders
#4
R Bovo, P Trevisi, E Zanoletti, D Cazzador, T Volo, E Emanuelli, A Martini
In the last 20 years, neonatal survival has progressively increased due to the constant amelioration of neonatal medical treatment and surgical techniques. Thus, the number of children with congenital malformations and severe chronic pathologies who need rehabilitative care has progressively increased. Rehabilitation programs for paediatric patients with disorders of voice, speech and language, communication and hearing, deglutition and breathing are not widely available in hospital settings or in long-term care facilities...
May 22, 2017: Acta Otorhinolaryngologica Italica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28525581/tutorial-speech-assessment-for-multilingual-children-who-do-not-speak-the-same-language-s-as-the-speech-language-pathologist
#5
Sharynne McLeod, Sarah Verdon
Purpose: The aim of this tutorial is to support speech-language pathologists (SLPs) undertaking assessments of multilingual children with suspected speech sound disorders, particularly children who speak languages that are not shared with their SLP. Method: The tutorial was written by the International Expert Panel on Multilingual Children's Speech, which comprises 46 researchers (SLPs, linguists, phoneticians, and speech scientists) who have worked in 43 countries and used 27 languages in professional practice...
May 19, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515550/communication-impairments-in-children-with-inborn-errors-of-metabolism-a-preliminary-study
#6
Shivani Tiwari, Divya Kallianpur, Kelly Ann DeSilva
PURPOSE: Inborn Errors of Metabolism (IEMs) are a group of complex genetic conditions, predominantly affecting the pediatric population. While the understanding and identification of various IEMs has significantly improved over recent times, not much is known about the communication disorders in this population. The present study focused on identification and profiling of communication impairments in children diagnosed with IEMs. METHODS: Data was obtained retrospectively from medical records of children visiting a tertiary care hospital over a period of ten years (2005 - 2014)...
March 2017: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28515542/the-role-of-cognitive-factors-in-childhood-social-anxiety-social-threat-thoughts-and-social-skills-perception
#7
Rianne E van Niekerk, Anke M Klein, Esther Allart-van Dam, Jennifer L Hudson, Mike Rinck, Giel J M Hutschemaekers, Eni S Becker
Models of cognitive processing in anxiety disorders state that socially anxious children display several distorted cognitive processes that maintain their anxiety. The present study investigated the role of social threat thoughts and social skills perception in relation to childhood trait and state social anxiety. In total, 141 children varying in their levels of social anxiety performed a short speech task in front of a camera and filled out self-reports about their trait social anxiety, state anxiety, social skills perception and social threat thoughts...
2017: Cognitive Therapy and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28513182/-it-just-opens-up-their-world-autism-empathy-and-the-therapeutic-effects-of-equine-interactions
#8
Roslyn Malcolm, Stefan Ecks, Martyn Pickersgill
Experiences of autism-spectrum disorder are now increasingly studied by social scientists. Human-animal relations have also become a major focus of social inquiry in recent years. Examining horse-assisted therapy for autistic spectrum disorders, this is the first paper that brings these fields together. Drawing on participant observation and interviews at a UK horse therapy Centre, this article examines how staff and the parents of riders account for the successes and limitations of equine therapy. To the respondents, horses 'open up' autistic children and make possible interactions that seemed impossible before...
May 17, 2017: Anthropology & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507360/psychometric-properties-of-conversion-disorder-scale-revised-cds-for-children
#9
Tazvin Ijaz, Attikah Nasir, Naema Sarfraz, Shirmeen Ijaz
OBJECTIVE: To revise conversion disorder scale and to establish the psychometric properties of the revised scale. METHODS: This case-control study was conducted from February to June, 2014, at the Government College University, Lahore, Pakistan, and comprised schoolchildren and children with conversion disorder. In order to generate items for revised version of conversion disorder scale, seven practising mental health professionals were consulted. A list of 42 items was finalised for expert ratings...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506442/boosting-syntax-training-with-temporally-regular-musical-primes-in-children-with-cochlear-implants
#10
N Bedoin, A-M Besombes, E Escande, A Dumont, P Lalitte, B Tillmann
OBJECTIVES: Previous research has suggested the use of rhythmic structures (implemented in musical material) to improve linguistic structure processing (i.e., syntax processing), in particular for populations showing deficits in syntax and temporal processing (e.g., children with developmental language disorders). The present study proposes a long-term training program to improve syntax processing in children with cochlear implants, a population showing syntax processing deficits in perception and production...
May 11, 2017: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28492866/response-to-de-wit-et-al-2016-characteristics-of-auditory-processing-disorders-a-systematic-review
#11
Deborah Moncrieff
Purpose: This letter to the editor is in response to a review by de Wit et al. (2016), "Characteristics of Auditory Processing Disorders: A Systematic Review," published in April 2016 by Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research. Conclusion: The author argues that the conclusions in the de Wit et al. (2016) review are unfortunate in light of advances made in the clinical diagnosis and treatment of bottom-up auditory processing disorders in children.
May 24, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488981/a-survey-of-parents-with-children-on-the-autism-spectrum-experience-with-services-and-treatments
#12
Tracy A Becerra, Maria L Massolo, Vincent M Yau, Ashli A Owen-Smith, Frances L Lynch, Phillip M Crawford, Kathryn A Pearson, Magdalena E Pomichowski, Virginia P Quinn, Cathleen K Yoshida, Lisa A Croen
INTRODUCTION: Autism spectrum disorders (ASD) are lifelong neurodevelopmental disorders, and little is known about how parents address the health and psychosocial consequences of ASD. Few studies have examined use of various treatments and services in a large, diverse sample of children with ASD and their families. OBJECTIVE: This paper presents methods to create an autism research resource across multiple large health delivery systems and describes services and treatments used by children with ASD and their families...
2017: Permanente Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488902/designing-augmentative-and-alternative-communication-applications-the-results-of-focus-groups-with-speech-language-pathologists-and-parents-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#13
Jamie B Boster, John W McCarthy
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to gain insight from speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) regarding appealing features of augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) applications. METHOD: Two separate 1-hour focus groups were conducted with 8 SLPs and 5 parents of children with ASD to identify appealing design features of AAC Apps, their benefits and potential concerns. Participants were shown novel interface designs for communication mode, play mode and incentive systems...
May 10, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation. Assistive Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484666/hearing-and-balance-disorders-in-the-state-of-hawai-i-demographics-and-demand-for-services
#14
Mohsin Ahmed M Shaikh, James W Hall, Cindy McManus, Henry L Lew
Hearing and balance disorders affect people of all ages. Among children, hearing loss affects speech and language development, academic performance, and psychosocial development. Hearing loss in adults negatively impacts work productivity, cognitive function, and psychosocial status. Prevalence of hearing loss in children in Hawai'i is higher than the national average. Research indicates that hearing loss is a prevalent condition among veterans and advanced age adults. This is of particular concern in Hawai'i as the state is home to many military training facilities and has a large elderly population...
May 2017: Hawai'i Journal of Medicine & Public Health: a Journal of Asia Pacific Medicine & Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480480/autism-in-southeast-europe-a-survey-of-caregivers-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#15
Amy M Daniels, Ariel Como, Sabri Hergüner, Krasimira Kostadinova, Jasmina Stosic, Andy Shih
The aim of this study was to understand the diagnostic, service and lived experiences of families affected by ASD in Southeast Europe. A total of 758 caregivers from Albania, Bulgaria, Croatia and Turkey were surveyed from 2013 to 2015 about characteristics of the child with ASD; service encounters; and caregiver perceptions. The average age at first concern was 24.4 months (SD 11.8) and at diagnosis, 40.0 months (SD 19.0). Psychiatrists were the most common diagnostician; most children received some ASD-related service, most frequently speech and language therapy...
May 8, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28479488/the-development-of-offspring-from-mothers-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-systematic-review
#16
REVIEW
Fjodor A Yousef Yengej, Annet van Royen-Kerkhof, Ronald H W M Derksen, Ruth D E Fritsch-Stork
OBJECTIVE: To analyze published data on the influence of maternal systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) on different aspects of child development. METHODS: A systematic review was conducted using PubMed and Embase searches for SLE or SLE-related antibodies and physical, neurocognitive, psychiatric or motor development outcomes in children. RESULTS: In total 24 cohort and 4 case-control studies were included after initial screening of 1853 hits...
May 4, 2017: Autoimmunity Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475658/a-comparison-of-the-metalinguistic-performance-and-spelling-development-of-children-with-inconsistent-speech-sound-disorder-and-their-age-matched-and-reading-matched-peers
#17
Brigid C McNeill, Julie Wolter, Gail T Gillon
Purpose: This study explored the specific nature of a spelling impairment in children with speech sound disorder (SSD) in relation to metalinguistic predictors of spelling development. Method: The metalinguistic (phoneme, morphological, and orthographic awareness) and spelling development of 28 children ages 6-8 years with a history of inconsistent SSD were compared to those of their age-matched (n = 28) and reading-matched (n = 28) peers. Analysis of the literacy outcomes of children within the cohort with persistent (n = 18) versus resolved (n = 10) SSD was also conducted...
May 17, 2017: American Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470820/semantic-richness-and-word-learning-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#18
Allison Gladfelter, Lisa Goffman
Semantically rich learning contexts facilitate semantic, phonological, and articulatory aspects of word learning in children with typical development (TD). However, because children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) show differences at each of these processing levels, it is unclear whether they will benefit from semantic cues in the same manner as their typical peers. The goal of this study was to track how the inclusion of rich, sparse, or no semantic cues influences semantic, phonological, and articulatory aspects of word learning in children with ASD and TD over time...
May 4, 2017: Developmental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28462671/the-impact-of-tympanostomy-tubes-on-speech-and-language-development-in-children-with-cleft-palate
#19
Amber D Shaffer, Matthew D Ford, Sukgi S Choi, Noel Jabbour
Objective Describe the impact of hearing loss, tympanostomy tube placement before palatoplasty, and number of tubes received on speech outcomes in children with cleft palate. Study Design Case series with chart review. Setting Tertiary care children's hospital. Subjects and Methods Records from 737 children born between April 2005 and April 2015 who underwent palatoplasty at a tertiary children's hospital were reviewed. Exclusion criteria were cleft repair at an outside hospital, intact secondary palate, absence of postpalatoplasty speech evaluation, sensorineural or mixed hearing loss, no tubes, first tubes after palatoplasty, or first clinic after 12 months of age...
April 1, 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28436889/design-and-implementation-of-a-tactile-stimulation-device-to-increase-auditory-discrimination
#20
Shahrzad Abbasi Baharanchi, Majid MohammadBeigi, Fatemeh Abnavi, Samira Tavakol
Reading is a complex process that requires various simultaneous brain processes. One of the most common types of reading disorders is developmental dyslexia, and one of the objectives of speech therapy sessions for children with developmental dyslexia is to increase their auditory discrimination. One of the most commonly used Auditory Discrimination Tests (ADTs) is Wepman's Auditory Discrimination Test (WADT). It includes minimal pair words categorized by characteristics of vowels and consonants. The goal of this research is to design and implement a tactile stimulation device based on Wepman's test to increase auditory discrimination in children with developmental dyslexia in therapy sessions, so that while playing each word for the children, vibrational cues are presented to their left palm and fingers...
April 24, 2017: IEEE Transactions on Haptics
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