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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918408/effectiveness-cost-utility-and-implementation-of-a-decision-aid-for-patients-with-localised-prostate-cancer-and-their-partners-study-protocol-of-a-stepped-wedge-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial
#1
Hoda H M Al-Itejawi, Cornelia F van Uden-Kraan, Peter M van de Ven, Veerle M H Coupé, André N Vis, Jakko A Nieuwenhuijzen, Jeroen A van Moorselaar, Irma M Verdonck-de Leeuw
INTRODUCTION: Patient decision aids (PDAs) have been developed to help patients make an informed choice for a treatment option. Despite proven benefits, structural implementation falls short of expectations. The present study aims to assess the effectiveness and cost-utility of the PDA among newly diagnosed patients with localised prostate cancer and their partners, alongside implementation of the PDA in routine care. METHODS/ANALYSIS: A stepped-wedge cluster randomised trial will be conducted...
September 15, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918391/genetic-polymorphisms-associated-with-the-risk-of-concussion-in-1056-college-athletes-a-multicentre-prospective-cohort-study
#2
Thomas Roland Terrell, Ruth Abramson, Jeffery T Barth, Ellen Bennett, Robert C Cantu, Richard Sloane, Daniel T Laskowitz, David M Erlanger, Douglas McKeag, Gregory Nichols, Verle Valentine, Leslie Galloway
BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate the association of genetic polymorphisms APOE, APOE G-219T promoter, microtubule associated protein(MAPT)/tau exon 6 Ser(53)Pro, MAPT/tau Hist(47)Tyr, IL-6572 G/C and IL-6R(Asp)358(Ala) with the risk of concussion in college athletes. METHODS: A 23-centre prospective cohort study of 1056 college athletes with genotyping was completed between August 2003 and December 2012. All athletes completed baseline medical and concussion questionnaires, and post-concussion data were collected for athletes with a documented concussion...
September 16, 2017: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915301/the-work-of-us-public-health-service-officers-in-puerto-rico-1898-1919
#3
Jose G Rigau-Pérez
The history of the US Public Health Service (PHS) is usually presented in terms of diseases or discoveries; this article examines twenty years' activity in one location. When the United States invaded Puerto Rico in 1898, the Marine Hospital Service (now PHS) took responsibility for foreign quarantine, inspection of immigrants, and medical care for merchant seamen. Its officers evaluated the sanitary conditions of port cities, helped reorganize local disease surveillance and control, and investigated endemic diseases (e...
September 2017: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914722/factors-associated-with-pediatric-ventilator-associated-conditions-in-six-u-s-hospitals-a-nested-case-control-study
#4
Noelle M Cocoros, Gregory Priebe, James E Gray, Philip Toltzis, Gitte Y Larsen, Latania K Logan, Susan Coffin, Julia S Sammons, Kathleen Deakins, Kelly Horan, Matthew Lakoma, Jessica Young, Michael Burton, Michael Klompas, Grace M Lee
OBJECTIVES: A newly proposed surveillance definition for ventilator-associated conditions among neonatal and pediatric patients has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality among ventilated patients in cardiac ICU, neonatal ICU, and PICU. This study aimed to identify potential risk factors associated with pediatric ventilator-associated conditions. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Six U.S. hospitals PATIENTS:: Children less than or equal to 18 years old ventilated for greater than or equal to 1 day...
September 13, 2017: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28912114/understanding-the-natural-progression-of-spina-bifida-prospective-study
#5
Judy Thibadeau, Matthew R Reeder, Jennifer Andrews, Katherine Ong, Marcia L Feldkamp, Sydney Rice, Ann Alriksson-Schmidt
BACKGROUND: Spina bifida (SB) is monitored through birth defects surveillance across the United States and in most developed countries. Although much is known about the management of SB and its many comorbid conditions in affected individuals, there are few systematic, longitudinal studies on population-based cohorts of children or adults. The natural history of SB across the life course of persons with this condition is not well documented. Earlier identification of comorbidities and secondary conditions could allow for earlier intervention that might enhance the developmental trajectory for children with SB...
September 14, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911750/effect-of-counselling-on-health-care-seeking-behaviours-and-rabies-vaccination-adherence-after-dog-bites-in-haiti-2014-15-a-retrospective-follow-up-survey
#6
Melissa Dominique Etheart, Maxwell Kligerman, Pierre Dilius Augustin, Jesse D Blanton, Benjamin Monroe, Ludder Fleurinord, Max Millien, Kelly Crowdis, Natael Fenelon, Ryan MacLaren Wallace
BACKGROUND: Haiti has an integrated bite case management (IBCM) programme to counsel animal-bite victims on the risk of rabies and appropriate treatment, as well as the Haiti Animal Rabies Surveillance Program (HARSP) to examine the animals. We assessed the usefulness of the IBCM programme to promote best practices for rabies prophylaxis after exposure in a low-income rabies-endemic setting. METHODS: We did a retrospective follow-up survey of randomly selected bite victims who were counselled by Haiti's IBCM programme between May 15, 2014, and Sept 15, 2015...
October 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910932/-downscaling-research-of-spatial-distribution-of-incidence-of-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-based-on-area-to-area-poisson-kriging-method
#7
J X Wang, M G Hu, S C Yu, G X Xiao
Objective: To understand the spatial distribution of incidence of hand foot and mouth disease (HFMD) at scale of township and provide evidence for the better prevention and control of HFMD and allocation of medical resources. Methods: The incidence data of HFMD in 108 counties (district) in Shandong province in 2010 were collected. Downscaling interpolation was conducted by using area-to-area Poisson Kriging method. The interpolation results were visualized by using geographic information system (GIS). The county (district) incidence was interpolated into township incidence to get the distribution of spatial distribution of incidence of township...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910158/interaction-between-rare-variants-in-notch1-and-betel-quid-chewing-in-oral-squamous-cell-carcinoma
#8
Chia-Min Chung, Chien-Hung Lee, Mu-Kuan Chen, Ming-Hsui Tsai, Ying-Chin Ko
BACKGROUND: In this study, we investigated rare variants of the NOTCH1 gene located near somatic mutations as surrogate markers, as well as the relationship of these rare variants with betel quid (BQ) chewing and the occurrence of oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 410 patients diagnosed with OSCC and 282 unrelated, healthy subjects without cancer were recruited from two medical centers in Taiwan. Odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) were assessed by logistic regression...
September 14, 2017: Genetic Testing and Molecular Biomarkers
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905395/st-louis-encephalitis-virus-possibly-transmitted-through-blood-transfusion-arizona-2015
#9
Heather Venkat, Laura Adams, Rebecca Sunenshine, Elisabeth Krow-Lucal, Craig Levy, Tammy Kafenbaum, Tammy Sylvester, Kirk Smith, John Townsend, Melissa Dosmann, Hany Kamel, Roberto Patron, Matthew Kuehnert, Pallavi Annambhotla, Sridhar V Basavaraju, Ingrid B Rabe
BACKGROUND: St. Louis encephalitis virus is a mosquito-borne flavivirus that infrequently causes epidemic central nervous system infections. In the United States, blood donors are not screened for St. Louis encephalitis virus infection, and transmission through blood transfusion has not been reported. During September 2015, St. Louis encephalitis virus infection was confirmed in an Arizona kidney transplant recipient. An investigation was initiated to determine the infection source. STUDY DESIGN AND METHODS: The patient was interviewed, and medical records were reviewed...
September 14, 2017: Transfusion
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903515/update-from-the-advisory-committee-on-immunization-practices
#10
Sean T O'Leary, Yvonne A Maldonado, Carrie L Byington
The Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP), a group of medical and public health experts, meets 3 times per year to develop recommendations for vaccine use in the United States. The group has 15 voting members, and each member's term is 4 years. ACIP members and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) staff discuss the epidemiology of vaccine-preventable diseases and vaccine research, effectiveness, safety data, and clinical trial results. Representatives from the American Academy of Pediatrics (C...
September 1, 2017: Journal of the Pediatric Infectious Diseases Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903154/incidence-and-trends-of-sepsis-in-us-hospitals-using-clinical-vs-claims-data-2009-2014
#11
Chanu Rhee, Raymund Dantes, Lauren Epstein, David J Murphy, Christopher W Seymour, Theodore J Iwashyna, Sameer S Kadri, Derek C Angus, Robert L Danner, Anthony E Fiore, John A Jernigan, Greg S Martin, Edward Septimus, David K Warren, Anita Karcz, Christina Chan, John T Menchaca, Rui Wang, Susan Gruber, Michael Klompas
Importance: Estimates from claims-based analyses suggest that the incidence of sepsis is increasing and mortality rates from sepsis are decreasing. However, estimates from claims data may lack clinical fidelity and can be affected by changing diagnosis and coding practices over time. Objective: To estimate the US national incidence of sepsis and trends using detailed clinical data from the electronic health record (EHR) systems of diverse hospitals. Design, Setting, and Population: Retrospective cohort study of adult patients admitted to 409 academic, community, and federal hospitals from 2009-2014...
September 13, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902265/-model-for-a-risk-focused-approach-to-health-inspection-surveillance-and-control-in-colombia
#12
Álvaro Aroca, Javier Guzmán
Colombian Ministry of Health Resolution 1229 of 2013 established that health inspection, surveillance, and control (IVC, Spanish acronym) should be based on a risk-focused approach. In 2014 Colombia´s National Food and Drugs Surveillance Institute (INVIMA) designed and implemented a risk-based health surveillance model called IVC-SOA. This model measures the risks of drugs, medical devices, food, and cosmetics by taking into account three factors: severity of the product (S), occurrence of product failure (O), and the potentially affected population (A) - hence its name, SOA...
August 21, 2017: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899840/estimation-of-seasonal-influenza-vaccine-effectiveness-using-data-collected-in-primary-care-in-france-comparison-of-the-test-negative-design-and-the-screening-method
#13
Ana-Maria Vilcu, Cécile Souty, Vincent Enouf, Lisandru Capai, Clément Turbelin, Shirley Masse, Sylvie Behillil, Martine Valette, Caroline Guerrisi, Louise Rossignol, Thierry Blanchon, Bruno Lina, Thomas Hanslik, Alessandra Falchi
OBJECTIVES: In this study we discuss which method between the test-negative design and the screening method could provide more robust real-time and end-of-season vaccine effectiveness estimates, using data collected from routine influenza surveillance in primary care. METHODS: We used data collected during two influenza seasons (2014/15 and 2015/16). SCREENING METHOD: we estimated end-of-season vaccine effectiveness in preventing medically attended influenza-like illness and laboratory-confirmed influenza among the population at risk...
September 9, 2017: Clinical Microbiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28895451/risk-factors-for-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-and-subsequent-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-and-mental-health-disorders-among-us-army-soldiers
#14
Dennis Edward Scofield, Susan P Proctor, Joseph R Kardouni, Owen T Hill, Craig J McKinnon
To determine the association of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) with subsequent Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and mental health disorders (MHD) and the intervening role of Acute Stress Disorder (ASD). This matched case-control study utilized the Total Army Injury and Health Outcomes Database (TAIHOD) to analyze Soldiers' (N=1,261,297) medical encounter data between 2002 and 2011. International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision (ICD-9) codes were used to identify: mTBI (following CDC surveillance definition for mTBI), MHD (ICD-9 codes for depression and anxiety, excluding PTSD), PTSD (ICD-9 309...
September 12, 2017: Journal of Neurotrauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894555/information-management-in-iranian-maternal-mortality-surveillance-system
#15
Farahnaz Sadoughi, Afsaneh Karimi, Leila Erfannia
BACKGROUND: Maternal mortality is preventable by proper information management and is the main target of the Maternal Mortality Surveillance System (MMSS). AIM: This study aimed to determine the status of information management in the Iranian Maternal Mortality Surveillance System (IMMSS). METHODS: The population of this descriptive and analytical study, which was conducted in 2016, included 96 administrative staff of health and treatment deputies of universities of medical sciences and the Ministry of Health in Iran...
July 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893677/accuracy-of-self-reported-heart-failure-the-atherosclerosis-risk-in-communities-aric-study
#16
Ricky Camplain, Anna Kucharska-Newton, Laura Loehr, Thomas C Keyserling, J Bradley Layton, Lisa Wruck, Aaron R Folsom, Alain G Bertoni, Gerardo Heiss
OBJECTIVE: To estimate agreement of self-reported heart failure (HF) with physician diagnosed HF and compare the prevalence of HF by method of ascertainment. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: ARIC cohort members (60-83 years of age) were asked annually whether a physician indicated they have HF. For those self-reporting HF, physicians were asked to confirm their patient's HF status. Physician diagnosed HF included surveillance of hospitalized HF, and hospitalized and outpatient HF identified in administrative claims databases...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892473/a-multi-center-field-study-of-two-point-of-care-tests-for-circulating-wuchereria-bancrofti-antigenemia-in-africa
#17
Cédric B Chesnais, Naomi-Pitchouna Awaca-Uvon, Fatoma K Bolay, Michel Boussinesq, Peter U Fischer, Lincoln Gankpala, Aboulaye Meite, François Missamou, Sébastien D Pion, Gary J Weil
BACKGROUND: The Global Programme to Eliminate Lymphatic Filariasis uses point-of-care tests for circulating filarial antigenemia (CFA) to map endemic areas and for monitoring and evaluating the success of mass drug administration (MDA) programs. We compared the performance of the reference BinaxNOW Filariasis card test (ICT, introduced in 1997) with the Alere Filariasis Test Strip (FTS, introduced in 2013) in 5 endemic study sites in Africa. METHODOLOGY: The tests were compared prior to MDA in two study sites (Congo and Côte d'Ivoire) and in three sites that had received MDA (DRC and 2 sites in Liberia)...
September 11, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892083/depression-and-anxiety-following-hematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-a-prospective-population-based-study-in-germany
#18
K Kuba, P Esser, A Mehnert, C Johansen, A Schwinn, L Schirmer, F Schulz-Kindermann, M Kruse, U Koch, A Zander, N Kröger, H Götze, A Scherwath
In this prospective multicenter study, we investigated the course of depression and anxiety during hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) until 5 years after transplantation adjusting for medical information. Patients were consulted before HSCT (n=239), at 3 months (n=150), 12 months (n=102) and 5 years (n=45) after HSCT. Depression and anxiety were assessed with the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Detailed medical and demographic information was collected. Prevalence rates were compared with an age- and gender-matched control group drawn from a large representative sample (n=4110)...
September 11, 2017: Bone Marrow Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891237/the-incidence-and-prevalence-of-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-in-san-francisco-county-california-the-california-lupus-surveillance-project
#19
Maria Dall'Era, Miriam G Cisternas, Kurt Snipes, Lisa J Herrinton, Caroline Gordon, Charles G Helmick
OBJECTIVE: Estimates of the incidence and prevalence of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) in the US have varied widely. The purpose of this study was to conduct the California Lupus Surveillance Project (CLSP) to determine credible estimates of SLE incidence and prevalence, with a special focus on Hispanics and Asians. METHODS: The CLSP, which is funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is a population-based registry of individuals with SLE residing in San Francisco County, CA, from January 1, 2007 through December 31, 2009...
September 10, 2017: Arthritis & Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28890523/nation-wide-implementation-of-disaster-medical-coordinators-in-japan
#20
Shinichi Egawa, Tomomi Suda, Tracey Elizabeth Claire Jones-Konneh, Aya Murakami, Hiroyuki Sasaki
In the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake (GEJE), successful medical and public health coordination by pre-assigned disaster medical coordinators saved many affected people, though the coordination itself had difficulties. This study aims to clarify the implementation and the challenges of disaster medical coordinators in Japan. We performed questionnaire surveillance in 2012 and 2014 to all prefectural government on assignment of disaster medical coordinators, their expected roles and supporting system. Out of all 47 prefectures, assignment or planning of disaster medical coordinators jumped up from four (8...
2017: Tohoku Journal of Experimental Medicine
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