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cholestasis pregnancy and newborn

D Güven, B Z Altunkaynak, G Altun, I Alkan, I Kocak
Pregnancy complications may cause morphological changes and circulation defects in the placenta, which may lead to morbidity and mortality in fetuses and newborns. We investigated structural changes in the placenta and umbilical cord under various abnormal maternal conditions. Placenta and umbilical cord specimens were obtained from pregnant women during labor at 37 - 42 weeks gestation. Volumetric measurements were made for each placenta and umbilical cord using the Cavalieri method. Significant differences were observed for volumetric densities of total villi, syncytial knots, intervillous vessels and perivillous fibrin deposition...
January 25, 2018: Biotechnic & Histochemistry: Official Publication of the Biological Stain Commission
Maria Maldonado, Ali Alhousseini, Michael Awadalla, Jay Idler, Robert Welch, Karoline Puder, Manasi Patwardhan, Bernard Gonik
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy is seldom associated with significant vitamin K deficiency. We report a case of a 16-year-old primigravid patient at 24 weeks and 3 days of gestation who presented with pruritus, hematuria, and preterm labor. Laboratory work-up showed severe coagulopathy with Prothrombin Time (PT) of 117.8 seconds, International Normalized Ratio (INR) of 10.34, and elevated transaminases suggestive of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy. Her serum vitamin K level was undetectable (<0...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
Ines Mack, Marie-Anne Burckhardt, Ulrich Heininger, Friederike Prüfer, Sven Schulzke, Sven Wellmann
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most frequent congenital virus infection worldwide. The risk of congenital CMV (cCMV) transmission is highest in seronegative women who acquire primary CMV infection during pregnancy. A growing body of evidence indicates that secondary CMV infections in pregnant women with preconceptual immunity (either through reactivation of latent virus or re-infection with a new strain of CMV) contribute to a much greater proportion of symptomatic cCMV than was previously thought. Here, we describe a case of symptomatic cCMV infection in the newborn of a woman with proven immunity prior to pregnancy...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Berrin Günaydin, Merih Bayram, Melis Altuğ, Semra Cevher, Nuray Bozkurt
BACKGROUND/AIM: Maternal, fetal, and neonatal outcomes in parturients with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) have been retrospectively documented. We aimed to present pregnancy outcomes of parturients with ICP who underwent delivery. The study was conducted during a 1-year period. MATERIALS AND METHODS: After ethics committee approval, data from 1 January to 31 December 2015 were collected to identify parturients with ICP. RESULTS: Ten out of 37 patients underwent normal spontaneous vaginal delivery (NSVD), and the remaining 27 parturients underwent cesarean section (CS)...
April 18, 2017: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
G G Türkmen, H Timur, Z Yilmaz, A Kirbas, K Daglar, A Tokmak, D Uygur, N Danişman
OBJECTIVE: In this study, we aimed to evaluate whether the changes in the first and second trimester maternal serum biochemical markers used for prenatal screening are associated with euploid pregnancies complicated by intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). METHODS: A total of 94 pregnant women were included in this retrospective comparative study. Thirty-seven women whose pregnancy was complicated with ICP constituted the study group whereas 57 of them constituted the control group...
2016: Journal of Neonatal-perinatal Medicine
A Giraud, F Ramond, C Cremillieux, R Touraine, H Patural, J-L Stephan
ARC syndrome (arthrogryposis - renal dysfunction - cholestasis) is a rare lethal multisystemic autosomal recessive disease. A newborn of consanguineous parents of Algerian descent presented cholestatic jaundice, dehydration, and Fanconi syndrome at 10 days of life. The blood smear showed a very characteristic gray appearance of platelets. A homozygous mutation was evidenced in the VPS33B gene. This gene codes for a protein involved in trafficking of intracellular vesicles. The mutation (c.604-2A>G) present in the heterozygous state in the parents affects an invariant base of the splice acceptor site and to our knowledge has not been reported yet...
February 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
Laura Romany, Nicolas Garrido, Ana Cobo, Belen Aparicio-Ruiz, Vicente Serra, Marcos Meseguer
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to assess outcomes after magnetic-activated cell sorting (MACS) technology on obstetric and perinatal outcomes compared with those achieved after swim up from randomized controlled trial. METHODS: This is a two-arm, unicentric, prospective, randomized, and triple-blinded trial and has a total of 237 infertile couples, between October 2010 and January 2013. A total of 65 and 66 newborns from MACS and control group, respectively, were described...
February 2017: Journal of Assisted Reproduction and Genetics
Nehama Linder, Liran Hiersch, Elana Fridman, Gil Klinger, Daniel Lubin, Franck Kouadio, Nir Melamed
OBJECTIVE: To determine the independent association of post-term pregnancy with neonatal outcome in low-risk newborns. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: Tertiary university-affiliated medical centre. PATIENTS: All newborns of low-risk singleton pregnancies born at 39+0 to 44+0 weeks' gestation over a 5-year period. EXCLUSION CRITERIA: multiple gestation, maternal hypertensive disorder, diabetes or cholestasis, placental abruption or intrapartum fever (>38°C), small for gestational age (<10th centile) and major congenital or chromosomal anomalies...
July 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood. Fetal and Neonatal Edition
Susanne Macher, Thomas Wagner, Konrad Rosskopf, Friedrich Reiterer, Bence Csapo, Peter Schlenke, Philipp Klaritsch
BACKGROUND: Anti-C(w) are rarely found as a source for severe fetal and neonatal hemolytic diseases. We report a case with serial intrauterine transfusions complicated by pancytopenia and cholestasis in the neonatal period. CASE REPORT: A 37-year-old woman revealed anti-C(w) with a titer of 512 in her fourth pregnancy. The fetus developed fetal anemia and a severe hydrops requiring three intrauterine red blood cell (RBC) transfusions. After birth at 33 + 0 weeks the newborn presented only transfused RBCs and suffered from anemia, thrombocytopenia, leukopenia, and a cholestatic liver disease...
January 2016: Transfusion
Johanna Metsälä, Beata Stach-Lempinen, Mika Gissler, Johan G Eriksson, Saila Koivusalo
BACKGROUND: Overweight and obesity are well-known risk factors for several pregnancy-related complications, but the nature of the association between maternal adiposity and these complications has been less studied. The objective of the present study was to examine the shape and the magnitude of the association between maternal prepregnancy body mass index and the risk of gestational diabetes, pre-eclampsia of different severity, gestational hypertension, and obstetric cholestasis among Finnish primiparae women...
January 2016: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
Yuanyuan Zhang, Fei Li, Yao Wang, Aaron Pitre, Zhong-Ze Fang, Matthew W Frank, Christopher Calabrese, Kristopher W Krausz, Geoffrey Neale, Sharon Frase, Peter Vogel, Charles O Rock, Frank J Gonzalez, John D Schuetz
Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is associated with adverse neonatal survival and is estimated to impact between 0.4 and 5% of pregnancies worldwide. Here we show that maternal cholestasis (due to Abcb11 deficiency) produces neonatal death among all offspring within 24 h of birth due to atelectasis-producing pulmonary hypoxia, which recapitulates the neonatal respiratory distress of human ICP. Neonates of Abcb11-deficient mothers have elevated pulmonary bile acids and altered pulmonary surfactant structure...
September 29, 2015: Nature Communications
Ling-fei He, Yun Zhao, Zheng-ping Wang
OBJECTIVE: To establish a prediction model of fetal meconium-stained amniotic fluid in re-pregnant women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). METHODS: Clinical data of 180 re-pregnant women with ICP delivering in Women's Hospital, Zhejiang University School of Medicine between January 2009 to August 2014 were collected. An artificial neural network model (ANN) for risk evaluation of fetal meconium-stained fluid was established and assessed. RESULTS: The sensitivity, specificity and accuracy of ANN for predicting fetal meconium-stained fluid were 68...
May 2015: Zhejiang da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Zhejiang University. Medical Sciences
C Paulina Casanueva, R Javier Cifuentes
OBJECTIVES: A retrospective study was performed between January 2007 and December 2012 to assess the admission rates of newborns due to episodes of cyanosis PATIENTS AND METHOD: Retrospective study that included all the newborns hospitalized with episodes of cyanosis between January 2007 and December 2012. In them were employed two study protocols that considered first and second line tests, the latter in view of recurrence of events. The first line protocol considered general biochemical tests, chest x-ray and echocardiography in selected cases, while the second line protocol included electroencephalogram, electrocardiogram, nuclear magnetic resonance of the brain, expanded metabolic screening, pyruvic acid, lactic acid, and in case of seizures, cytochemical, and culture of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and PCR (polymerase chain reaction) for herpes...
July 2015: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Ibrahim Uyar, Ibrahim Gülhan, Deniz Öztekin, Cenk Gezer, Atalay Ekin, Seçil Karaca Kurtulmuş, Mehmet Özeren
BACKGROUND/AIM: To evaluate patients hospitalized in our clinic in the last 5 years with the diagnosis of intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and fifty patients hospitalized with a diagnosis of ICP between January 2008 and May 2013 were evaluated retrospectively and age, week at diagnosis, gestational age at delivery, period between diagnosis and delivery, fetal weight, transaminases, and coagulation parameters were recorded...
2015: Turkish Journal of Medical Sciences
Titta Joutsiniemi, Susanna Timonen, Maria Linden, Pia Suvitie, Ulla Ekblad
BACKGROUND: To exam the biochemical, obstetric management and pregnancy outcome in women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) and treatment with ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA). METHODS: Pregnancy outcome in patients with ICP (N = 307) was studied and patients treated with UDCA (N = 208) vs. no UDCA were compared. The data of the antenatal visits, deliveries and neonatal outcome of 307 pregnancies with ICP was collected from the hospital computerized delivery room log book...
July 29, 2015: BMC Gastroenterology
Tetsuya Kawakita, Laura I Parikh, Patrick S Ramsey, Chun-Chih Huang, Alexander Zeymo, Miguel Fernandez, Samuel Smith, Sara N Iqbal
OBJECTIVE: We sought to determine predictors of adverse neonatal outcomes in women with intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP). STUDY DESIGN: This study was a multicenter retrospective cohort study of all women diagnosed with ICP across 5 hospital facilities from January 2009 through December 2014. Obstetric and neonatal complications were evaluated according to total bile acid (TBA) level. Multivariable logistic regression models were developed to evaluate predictors of composite neonatal outcome (neonatal intensive care unit admission, hypoglycemia, hyperbilirubinemia, respiratory distress syndrome, transient tachypnea of the newborn, mechanical ventilation use, oxygen by nasal cannula, pneumonia, and stillbirth)...
October 2015: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Kim Gallina Viscio
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2014: Midwifery Today with International Midwife
Xiao-Lin Luo, Wei-Yuan Zhang
BACKGROUND: No national research on maternal and fetal complications and outcomes has been carried out in the mainland of China in recent years. This study was to provide a scientific basis for better control of obstetrical and neonatal diseases and better allocation of medical resources by analyzing the epidemiological characteristics of obstetrical diseases in the mainland of China. METHODS: Hospitalized obstetrical cases from 19 tertiary and 20 secondary hospitals in 14 provinces (nationally representative) during the period January 1, 2011 to December 31, 2011 were randomly selected...
May 5, 2015: Chinese Medical Journal
J Zhang, T Yang, X Wang, H Yu
Holoprosencephaly (HPE), a complex brain malformation resulting from incomplete cleavage of the prosencephalon into distinct cerebral hemispheres, is rare in newborns. Two preterm male neonates were born at 34 weeks' and five days' gestation in the monochorionic diamniotic twin pregnancy complicated with pre-eclampsia and intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy, and one of them was prenatally diagnosed with alobar HPE by ultrasonography with frontal bossing, hydrocephaly, hypotelorism of eyes, flat nasal bridge, macroglossia, and cheilo/palatoschisis at birth...
2015: Clinical and Experimental Obstetrics & Gynecology
Elisabeth A Wikström Shemer, Olof Stephansson, Marcus Thuresson, Malin Thorsell, Jonas F Ludvigsson, Hanns-Ulrich Marschall
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Intrahepatic cholestasis of pregnancy (ICP) is the most common liver disease in pregnancy. It is associated with hepatobiliary diseases that might predispose to cancer and also with gestational diabetes and preeclampsia. In this study, we examined associations between ICP and cancer, and immune-mediated and cardiovascular diseases. METHODS: By linking the Swedish Medical Birth Register and the Swedish Patient Register, we identified 11,388 women with ICP and 113,893 matched women without ICP who gave birth between 1973 and 2009...
August 2015: Journal of Hepatology
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