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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773950/could-autism-be-associated-with-nutritional-status-in-the-palestinian-population-the-outcomes-of-the-palestinian-micronutrient-survey
#1
Mohammad Altamimi
Background: Autism spectrum disorder is a neurodevelopmental disorder. It is believed that the cause of autism is multifactorial, where genetic predispositions interact with environmental factors. In this context, micronutrients play a crucial role. Objective: To present evidence on current micronutrient status in Palestine and highlight its possible role in increasing problems of neurodevelopment disorders in general and autism in particular. Method: Analytical review of results...
2018: Nutrition and Metabolic Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29769814/combined-deficiencies-of-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-and-anemia-in-preschool-children-with-severe-early-childhood-caries-a-case-control-study
#2
Shannon Deane, Robert J Schroth, Atul Sharma, Celia Rodd
Background: Severe early childhood caries (S-ECC) is common and has adverse affects on children's health. Children with S-ECC have been shown to have anemia or vitamin D deficiency. No studies have assessed the presence of combined deficiencies with S-ECC. The purpose of our study was to examine whether those with S-ECC had a higher prevalence of combined anemia and low 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) compared to controls. Covariates associated with elevated parathyroid hormone (PTH), previously noted in S-ECC, were examined...
May 2018: Paediatrics & Child Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762472/weaning-time-in-preterm-infants-an-audit-of-italian-primary-care-paediatricians
#3
Maria Elisabetta Baldassarre, Antonio Di Mauro, Annarita Pedico, Valentina Rizzo, Manuela Capozza, Fabio Meneghin, Gianluca Lista, Nicola Laforgia
INTRODUCTION: According to the 2016 Italian National Institute of Statistics (Istat) data in Italy, about 6.7% of all newborns are born prematurely. Due to the lack of data on current complementary feeding in preterm infants in Italy, the aim of the survey was to evaluate individual attitudes of primary care paediatricians, concerning the introduction of complementary foods in preterm infants. METHODS: An internet-based survey was conducted among primary care paediatricians, working in Italy, regarding (1) timing of the introduction of complementary foods to preterm newborns; (2) type of complementary foods introduced; (3) vitamin D and iron supplementations...
May 15, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759248/qualitative-and-quantitative-analysis-of-human-nails-to-find-correlation-between-nutrients-and-vitamin-d-deficiency-using-libs-and-icp-aes
#4
M A Almessiere, R Altuwiriqi, M A Gondal, R K AlDakheel, H F Alotaibi
In this work, we analysed human fingernails of people who suffer from vitamin D deficiency using the laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy(LIBS) and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES)techniques. The measurements have been conducted on 71 nail samples collected randomly from volunteers of different genders and ages ranged between 20 and 50 years. The main aim of this study is to find the correlation between vitamin D deficiency and the intensity of some dominated lines in the LIBS spectra...
August 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748511/implementation-of-dietary-reference-intake-standards-in-preschool-menus-in-poland
#5
Joanna Myszkowska-Ryciak, Anna Harton
Although the nutritional value of preschool menus largely determines the proper nutrition of attending children, their nutrient composition often does not meet the standards. The purpose of the study was to assess the nutritional value of menus served in preschools throughout Poland. We analyzed a sample of 10 daily menus and inventory reports reflecting foods and beverages served in 270 full-board government-sponsored preschools. Nutrient content was calculated per child per day, and compared with 70% of dietary reference intake (DRI) for children aged 1⁻3 and 4⁻6...
May 10, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734823/from-the-field-improving-fetal-and-infant-growth-in-vulnerable-populations
#6
Seth Adu-Afarwuah
BACKGROUND: This article summarizes a presentation given at the 2017 Dairy for Global Nutrition Conference in Boise, Idaho. OBJECTIVE: To give an overview of the pattern of early growth faltering in developing countries and examine the implications of the iLiNS-DYAD randomized trial in Ghana. METHODS: The pattern of growth faltering in developing countries was outlined. In Ghana, 1320 women ≤ 20 weeks of pregnancy were assigned to 20 g/d small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplement (SQ-LNS; LNS group) or multiple micronutrients (MMNs) containing 22 and 18 vitamins and minerals, respectively, until 6 months postpartum, or iron and folic acid (IFA) until delivery, and thereafter placebo until 6 months postpartum...
January 1, 2018: Food and Nutrition Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721404/consequences-of-inadequate-intakes-of-vitamin-a-vitamin-b-12-vitamin-d-calcium-iron-and-folate-in-older-persons
#7
REVIEW
Jessica Watson, Marissa Lee, Maria Nieves Garcia-Casal
Purpose of Review: This review broadly discusses the consequences of inadequate consumption, by deficit or excess, of selected micronutrients on the quality of life and morbidity during aging, specifically considering increases in life expectancy and the costs of care in the older persons. Recent Findings: A literature review of the periods 2012 to 2018, focusing on vitamins A, B12 , and D, calcium, iron and folate, was completed as these micronutrients are found to significantly affect the aging process...
2018: Current Geriatrics Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693403/second-national-integrated-micronutrient-survey-in-iran-study-design-and-preliminary-findings
#8
Hamed Pouraram, Abolghasem Djazayery, Kazem Mohammad, Mahboobeh Parsaeian, Zahra Abdollahi, Ahmadreza Dorosty Motlagh, Mahmoud Djalali, Katayoon Khodaverdian, Gity Sotoudeh, Amirhusein Yarparvar, Ramin Heshmat, Fereydoun Siassi
BACKGROUND: The main objective of the Second National Integrated Micronutrient Survey (NIMS-II) was to assess the nutritional status of four micronutrients, namely iron, zinc, and vitamins A and D, and also to conduct an anthropometric assessment of selected groups of children, adolescents, pregnant women, and adults, disaggregated by sex and residential area in nationally representative samples. This paper reports the design of the study along with preliminary findings. METHODS: In this study, 32 770 individuals were selected by using single-stage cluster sampling...
April 1, 2018: Archives of Iranian Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627089/key-nutritional-strategies-to-optimize-performance-in-para-athletes
#9
REVIEW
Jacque Scaramella, Nuwanee Kirihennedige, Elizabeth Broad
Para athletes are a high-risk population for inadequate dietary intake leading to insufficiencies in nutrients important to athletic performance. This is partly due to minimal support and resources, especially in sport nutrition education, combined with limited prior nutrition knowledge and risks associated with different impairment types. Inadequate energy, carbohydrate, protein, iron, and vitamin D status are of particular concern in Para athletes. Assessment of these key nutrients, along with sport nutrition education, is needed to empower Para athletes with the knowledge to understand their individual nutrition needs and maximize athletic performance...
May 2018: Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29613921/markers-of-environmental-enteric-dysfunction-are-associated-with-neurodevelopmental-outcomes-in-tanzanian-children
#10
Analee J Etheredge, Karim Manji, Mark Kellogg, Hao Tran, Enju Liu, Christine M McDonald, Rodrick Kisenge, Said Aboud, Wafaie Fawzi, David Bellinger, Andrew T Gewirtz, Christopher P Duggan
BACKGROUND: Chronic exposure to enteropathogens may result in environmental enteric dysfunction (EED), a subclinical condition associated with poor child growth. Growth faltering is strongly associated with poor neurodevelopment, and occurs during sensitive periods of postnatal brain development. We investigated the role of novel EED biomarkers, systemic inflammation, and micronutrient status on neurodevelopment in Tanzanian children. METHODS: Non-stunted subjects with 6-week and 6-month blood samples and neurodevelopmental measures (n = 107) were included in this study...
April 2, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29610943/restless-legs-syndrome-is-a-relevant-comorbidity-in-patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease
#11
Janek Becker, Felix Berger, Katharina A Schindlbeck, Denis Poddubnyy, Peter M Koch, Jan C Preiß, Britta Siegmund, Frank Marzinzik, Jochen Maul
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: In patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), restless legs syndrome (RLS) may occur as an extraintestinal disease manifestation. Iron deficiency (ID) or folate deficiency/vitamin B12 deficiency (FD/VB12 D) has previously been described to cause RLS. Here, we determined the prevalence and severity of RLS in IBD patients and evaluated the effect of iron and/or folic acid/vitamin B12 supplementation. METHODS: Patients were screened for ID and RLS by a gastroenterologist...
April 3, 2018: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29606182/review-dairy-foods-red-meat-and-processed-meat-in-the-diet-implications-for-health-at-key-life-stages
#12
D I Givens
Social and health care provision have led to substantial increases in life expectancy. In the UK this has become higher than 80 years with an even greater proportional increase in those aged 85 years and over. The different life stages give rise to important nutritional challenges and recent reductions in milk consumption have led to sub-optimal intakes of calcium by teenage females in particular when bone growth is at its maximum and of iodine during pregnancy needed to ensure that supply/production of thyroid hormones to the foetus is adequate...
April 2, 2018: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29605475/evaluation-of-reported-contents-in-prescription-and-over-the-counter-prenatal-multivitamins
#13
Kelsey DeSalvo, Carol A Stamm, Laura M Borgelt
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the reported amount of 14 vitamins and 10 minerals in over-the-counter (OTC) and prescription (Rx) prenatal multivitamins and minerals (PMVMs) and compare them to the Health and Medicine Division (HMD) of the National Academies recommended dietary allowances (RDAs) and tolerable upper intake levels for intake. DESIGN: Observational convenience sample of supplemental facts labels on OTC and Rx PMVMs identified and evaluated from online retailers, grocery stores, and pharmacies...
March 28, 2018: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599901/management-of-restless-legs-syndrome-in-chronic-liver-disease-a-challenge-for-the-correct-diagnosis-and-therapy
#14
Rita Moretti, Paola Caruso, Marzia Tecchiolli, Silvia Gazzin, Claudio Tiribelli
AIM: To investigate the association between restless legs syndrome (RLS) and well-defined chronic liver disease, and the possible therapeutic options. METHODS: Two hundred and eleven patients with chronic liver disease, complaining of sleep disturbances, painful leg sensation and daily sleepiness, were included. Patients with persistent alcohol intake, recent worsening of clinical conditions, or hepatitis C virus were excluded. Diagnosis of RLS was suggested by the Johns Hopkins questionnaire and verified by fulfilling the diagnostic criteria by Allen...
March 27, 2018: World Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29567059/conversion-of-standard-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-to-distal-bypass-for-weight-loss-failure-and-metabolic-syndrome-3-year-follow-up-and-evolution-of-technique-to-reduce-nutritional-complications
#15
Saber Ghiassi, Kelvin Higa, Steven Chang, Pearl Ma, Aaron Lloyd, Keith Boone, Eric J DeMaria
BACKGROUND: Standard proximal Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) fails to achieve long-term weight maintenance and/or control of metabolic syndrome in up to 35% of patients. OBJECTIVES: To improve the performance of the standard proximal gastric bypass by increasing the biliopancreatic limb length at the expense of the common channel. SETTINGS: Academic-affiliated private practice. METHODS: A retrospective review of all patients who underwent conversion to distal RYGB from 2010 to 2016 was performed...
January 31, 2018: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29558518/risk-factors-for-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-an-exposure-wide-umbrella-review-of-meta-analyses
#16
Vanesa Bellou, Lazaros Belbasis, Ioanna Tzoulaki, Evangelos Evangelou
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a global epidemic associated with increased health expenditure, and low quality of life. Many non-genetic risk factors have been suggested, but their overall epidemiological credibility has not been assessed. METHODS: We searched PubMed to capture all meta-analyses and Mendelian randomization studies for risk factors of T2DM. For each association, we estimated the summary effect size, its 95% confidence and prediction interval, and the I2 metric...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29520704/prevalence-of-micronutrient-deficiencies-prior-to-bariatric-surgery-tehran-obesity-treatment-study-tots
#17
Golaleh Asghari, Alireza Khalaj, Maryam Ghadimi, Maryam Mahdavi, Hossein Farhadnejad, Majid Valizadeh, Fereidoun Azizi, Maryam Barzin, Farhad Hosseinpanah
BACKGROUND: Micronutrient deficiencies are major concerns after bariatric surgery, although these conditions often go undiagnosed pre-surgery. OBJECTIVE: To assess pre-surgery micronutrient status of an Iranian population of morbidly obese candidates of bariatric surgery in a cross-sectional study. METHODS: A cross-sectional analysis of 2008 candidates for bariatric surgery, aged 15-65 years, with either body mass index (BMI) ≥ 40 kg/m2 or 30 < BMI < 35 kg/m2 with a medical comorbidity was conducted...
March 8, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29517182/influence-of-selected-dietary-components-on-the-functioning-of-the-human-nervous-system
#18
Agnieszka Wendołowicz, Ewa Stefańska, Lucyna Ostrowska
The diet is directly connected not only with the physical status but also with the functioning of the brain and the mental status. The potentially beneficial nutrients with a protective effect on the nervous system function include amino acids (tryptophan, phenylalanine, tyrosine, taurine), glucose and vitamins C, E, D and beta-carotene, B group vitamins (vitamin B12, vitamin B6, vitamin B4, vitamin B1) and minerals (selenium, zinc, magnesium, sodium, iron, copper, manganese, iodine). The presence of antioxidants in the diet protects against oxidative damage to nervous system cells...
2018: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29510788/nutritional-considerations-for-the-vegetarian-and-vegan-dancer
#19
Derrick D Brown
Vegetarianism provides a catchall term for a variety of diets that exclude the consumption of some or all animal products. Contrary to popular claims, appropriately designed and managed vegetarian diets contain foods nutritionally sufficient for health, well-being, and physical performance. Vegetarian dancers can meet their protein needs from primarily or exclusively (vegan) plant-based sources when a variety of these foods are consumed daily and energy intake is adequate. However, the quality and timing of dietary intake is of key importance to meet the physical demands typical of high intensity, intermittent types of dance styles...
March 15, 2018: Journal of Dance Medicine & Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29509277/periodontal-disease-severity-is-associated-with-micronutrient-intake
#20
P-P Luo, H-S Xu, Y-W Chen, S-P Wu
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to examine if specific micronutrients were associated with periodontal disease using data from the US National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) from 2011 to 2014. METHODS: Participants who were aged 30 years or more and received complete periodontal examinations were included. Regression analyses were performed to determine associations of variables of interest with periodontal disease. RESULTS: Data of 6415 NHANES participants were included in the analysis...
March 6, 2018: Australian Dental Journal
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