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iron and vitamin d

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27898998/nutritional-supplementation-for-hip-fracture-aftercare-in-older-people
#1
REVIEW
Alison Avenell, Toby O Smith, James P Curtain, Jenson Cs Mak, Phyo K Myint
BACKGROUND: Older people with hip fractures are often malnourished at the time of fracture, and subsequently have poor food intake. This is an update of a Cochrane review first published in 2000, and previously updated in 2010. OBJECTIVES: To review the effects (benefits and harms) of nutritional interventions in older people recovering from hip fracture. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group Specialised Register, CENTRAL, MEDLINE, MEDLINE In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, Embase, CAB Abstracts, CINAHL, trial registers and reference lists...
November 30, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887750/chronic-kidney-disease
#2
REVIEW
Angela C Webster, Evi V Nagler, Rachael L Morton, Philip Masson
The definition and classification of chronic kidney disease (CKD) have evolved over time, but current international guidelines define this condition as decreased kidney function shown by glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of less than 60 mL/min per 1·73 m(2), or markers of kidney damage, or both, of at least 3 months duration, regardless of the underlying cause. Diabetes and hypertension are the main causes of CKD in all high-income and middle-income countries, and also in many low-income countries. Incidence, prevalence, and progression of CKD also vary within countries by ethnicity and social determinants of health, possibly through epigenetic influence...
November 22, 2016: Lancet
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27875288/high-dose-vitamin-d3-administration-is-associated-with-increases-in-hemoglobin-concentrations-in-mechanically-ventilated-critically-ill-adults-a-pilot-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-trial
#3
Ellen M Smith, Jennifer L Jones, Jenny E Han, Jessica A Alvarez, John H Sloan, Robert J Konrad, Susu M Zughaier, Greg S Martin, Thomas R Ziegler, Vin Tangpricha
BACKGROUND: Anemia and vitamin D deficiency are highly prevalent in critical illness, and vitamin D status has been associated with hemoglobin concentrations in epidemiologic studies. We examined the effect of high-dose vitamin D therapy on hemoglobin and hepcidin concentrations in critically ill adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mechanically ventilated critically ill adults (N = 30) enrolled in a pilot double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of high-dose vitamin D3 (D3) were included in this analysis...
November 9, 2016: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865356/temporal-trends-in-dietary-supplement-prescriptions-of-united-states-military-service-members-suggest-a-decrease-in-pyridoxine-and-increase-in-vitamin-d-supplements-from-2005-to-2013
#4
Joseph J Knapik, Rosenie T Jean, Krista G Austin, Ryan A Steelman, Julia Gannon, Emily K Farina, Harris R Lieberman
Dietary supplements (DSs) can be obtained over-the-counter but can also be prescribed by health-care providers for therapeutic reasons. Few studies have documented this later source despite the fact that 79% of physicians and 82% of nurses have recommended DSs to patients. This investigation assessed prevalence and temporal trends in oral DS prescriptions filled by all United States service members (SMs) from 2005 to 2013 (n = 1 427 080 ± 22 139, mean ± standard deviation (SD)/y). We hypothesize that there would be temporal variations in specific types of DSs...
October 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863993/association-between-micronutrients-intake-status-and-carotid-intima-media-thickness-a-systematic-review
#5
Banafshe Hosseini, Ahmad Saedisomeolia, Michael R Skilton
BACKGROUND: Carotid intima media thickness (IMT) is a noninvasive marker of the extent and severity of subclinical atherosclerosis. Micronutrient intake may affect atherosclerosis and play a major role in the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). OBJECTIVE: The primary aim of this review was to synthesize the evidence regarding the association between carotid IMT and selected micronutrients. METHOD: The authors searched PubMed, Cochrane, and EMBASE databases from inception to June 2016 for selected micronutrients, CVD, carotid IMT, and antioxidants...
November 15, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27855294/evidence-for-the-vitamin-d-hypothesis-the-nhanes-iii-extended-mortality-follow-up
#6
Ahmad H Daraghmeh, Monica L Bertoia, Mazen O Al-Qadi, Abdulrahman M Abdulbaki, Mary B Roberts, Charles B Eaton
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Emerging evidence suggests that low levels of vitamin D may be an important risk factor for multiple chronic diseases and mortality, but the evidence is mixed. Vitamin D levels are associated with sun exposure, diet, and metabolic status. One potential explanation for the lack of consistent findings amongst various studies is that low vitamin levels may be associated with poor diets or other risk factors that we were not adequately controlled for in different analyses...
April 9, 2016: Atherosclerosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27837349/comparison-of-body-composition-and-nutrients-deficiencies-between-portuguese-rink-hockey-players
#7
Maria-Raquel G Silva, Hugo-Henrique Silva
: We evaluated dietary intake and body composition of child and adolescent rink-hockey players and controls. Seventy-two male rink-hockey players (38 children and 34 adolescents) and 79 male controls (43 children and 36 adolescents) were evaluated in order to collect training data, detailed dietary intake and body composition. Rink-hockey players presented significantly lower body fat (BF) and higher fat-free mass (FFM) than controls. Mean intakes of carbohydrate and protein were considered to be adequate, but mean intakes of fat were above the recommended levels in athletes...
November 12, 2016: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27825941/consumption-of-ultra-processed-foods-predicts-diet-quality-in-canada
#8
Jean-Claude Moubarac, M Batal, M L Louzada, E Martinez Steele, C A Monteiro
This study describes food consumption patterns in Canada according to the types of food processing using the Nova classification and investigates the association between consumption of ultra-processed foods and the nutrient profile of the diet. Dietary intakes of 33,694 individuals from the 2004 Canadian Community Health Survey aged 2 years and above were analyzed. Food and drinks were classified using Nova into unprocessed or minimally processed foods, processed culinary ingredients, processed foods and ultra-processed foods...
November 4, 2016: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27809560/longitudinal-trends-in-use-of-dietary-supplements-by-u-s-army-personnel-differ-from-those-of-civilians
#9
Krista G Austin, Lori Lyn Price, Susan M McGraw, Tom M McLellan, Harris R Lieberman
Prevalence and patterns of dietary supplement (DS) use by U.S. Army soldiers differ from the civilian population. Longitudinal trends in use of DSs by civilians have been examined, but are unavailable in subpopulations such as military service members. The present study examined longitudinal changes in DS use by soldiers. A standardized questionnaire on DS use was administered in 2006-2007 (N = 989) and 2010-2011 (N = 1196) to convenience samples of active duty soldiers. Data were weighted for total population demographics of age, sex, and rank...
December 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27804863/candidate-biomarkers-for-fatigue-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-a-critical-review
#10
Mary A Mahieu, Rosalind Ramsey-Goldman
Fatigue impacts 80-90% of patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE), and an incomplete understanding of fatigue mechanisms limits effective treatment. Disease activity indices and laboratory markers inconsistently correlate with fatigue severity in SLE populations. Identification of fatigue biomarkers has important implications for understanding pathogenesis and defining novel therapeutic targets, but a paucity of evidence exists for fatigue biomarkers in SLE. The evidence for adipokines, reduced glutathione, iron deficiency, and vitamin D as potential biomarkers for SLE-related fatigue are reviewed...
October 29, 2016: Current Rheumatology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769076/the-role-of-dietary-supplements-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-a-systematic-review
#11
Roberta E Rossi, Tara Whyand, Charles D Murray, Mark I Hamilton, Dario Conte, Martyn E Caplin
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) are chronic immune disorders of unclear aetiology. Dietary deficiencies may be a potential pathogenic factor in their development. Patients often take food supplements without knowledge of any evidence base. We have therefore assessed the evidence for food supplementation in the management of IBD. A PubMed search was performed for the terms Inflammatory bowel disease; nutritional deficiencies; dietary supplements; curcumin; green tea; vitamin D/other vitamins; folic acid; iron; zinc; probiotics; andrographis paniculata; and boswellia serrate...
December 2016: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27764168/effects-of-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-treatment-on-improvement-in-anemia-results-from-the-mbd-5d-study
#12
Motoko Tanaka, Kazuki Yoshida, Shingo Fukuma, Kazuko Ito, Kazutaka Matsushita, Masafumi Fukagawa, Shunichi Fukuhara, Tadao Akizawa
OBJECTIVES: Anemia is an important prognostic factor in hemodialysis patients. It has been reported that parathyroidectomy ameliorates anemia and reduces the requirement of postoperative erythropoiesis-stimulating agents. The objective of this study was to assess the effect of cinacalcet, which is considered as a pharmacological parathyroidectomy, on anemia in hemodialysis patients. METHODS: We used data from a prospective cohort of Japanese hemodialysis patients with secondary hyperparathyroidism; the criteria were: intact parathyroid hormone concentrations ≥ 180 pg/mL or use of an intravenous or oral vitamin D receptor activator...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27754423/maternal-diet-and-nutrient-requirements-in-pregnancy-and-breastfeeding-an-italian-consensus-document
#13
Franca Marangoni, Irene Cetin, Elvira Verduci, Giuseppe Canzone, Marcello Giovannini, Paolo Scollo, Giovanni Corsello, Andrea Poli
The importance of lifestyle and dietary habits during pregnancy and breastfeeding, for health of mothers and their offspring, is widely supported by the most recent scientific literature. The consumption of a varied and balanced diet from the preconceptional period is essential to ensure both maternal well-being and pregnancy outcomes. However, the risk of inadequate intakes of specific micronutrients in pregnancy and lactation is high even in the most industrialized countries. This particularly applies to docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), iron, iodine, calcium, folic acid, and vitamin D, also in the Italian population...
October 14, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744386/comparison-of-dietary-intakes-between-a-large-online-cohort-study-etude-nutrinet-sant%C3%A3-and-a-nationally-representative-cross-sectional-study-etude-nationale-nutrition-sant%C3%A3-in-france-addressing-the-issue-of-generalizability-in-e-epidemiology
#14
Valentina A Andreeva, Valérie Deschamps, Benoît Salanave, Katia Castetbon, Charlotte Verdot, Emmanuelle Kesse-Guyot, Serge Hercberg
Despite some advantages over traditional methods, Web-based studies elicit concerns about generalizability. To address this issue, we compared dietary intakes between an electronic (e-) cohort study and a nationally representative survey. We studied 49,443 French volunteers aged 18-74 years recruited during 2009-2010 in the NutriNet-Santé Study, a general population-based e-cohort study. The Etude Nationale Nutrition Santé (ENNS; 2006-2007), a cross-sectional study with a nationally representative sample of 2,754 French adults aged 18-74 years, served as the reference data set...
November 1, 2016: American Journal of Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27733520/on-farm-crop-species-richness-is-associated-with-household-diet-diversity-and-quality-in-subsistence-and-market-oriented-farming-households-in-malawi
#15
Andrew D Jones
BACKGROUND: On-farm crop species richness (CSR) may be important for maintaining the diversity and quality of diets of smallholder farming households. OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to 1) determine the association of CSR with the diversity and quality of household diets in Malawi and 2) assess hypothesized mechanisms for this association via both subsistence- and market-oriented pathways. METHODS: Longitudinal data were assessed from nationally representative household surveys in Malawi between 2010 and 2013 (n = 3000 households)...
October 12, 2016: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27728472/association-of-vitamin-d-and-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-with-hemoglobin-level-and-iron-profile-in-patients-with-ckd
#16
Harendra Pratap Singh, S K Sonkar, Sant Pandey, G K Sonkar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27727100/the-dietary-quality-of-food-pantry-users-a%C3%A2-systematic-review-of-existing-literature
#17
Anja Simmet, Julia Depa, Peter Tinnemann, Nanette Stroebele-Benschop
Users of food pantries often have a long history of food insecurity and may be vulnerable to nutritional deficiencies. The quality of their diets is not well researched. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize the published evidence about the dietary quality of food pantry users. Systematic database searches of PubMed, PsycINFO, PsycARTICLES, and Psychology Behavioral Sciences Collection, and hand searches of references were conducted to identify cross-sectional, cohort, and intervention studies reporting baseline data, conducted in high-income countries and published between 1980 and 2015, which reported on the nutritional adequacy of individuals who have used a food pantry at least once in the previous 12 months...
October 7, 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27715070/-clinically-relevant-possibilities-and-limits-of-differential-diagnosis-of-megaloblastic-anemia-and-myelodysplastic-syndrome%C3%A2-refractory-anemia-type-in-bone-marrow-biopsies
#18
Petra Vašeková, Peter Szépe, Ján Marcinek, Tomáš Balhárek, Lukáš Plank
INTRODUCTION: Megaloblastic anemia (MA) represents a subtype of macrocytic anemia caused by impaired DNA synthesis, mostly due to folate and vitamin B12 deficiency. Its mildest forms lead to macrocytosis without concomitant anemia, but more severe forms to thrombocytopenia and/or leucopenia as well. In majority of the cases, the diagnosis of MA dose not represent a serious clinical problem, however, other causes of macrocytosis including myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS) must be excluded...
2016: Vnitr̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27702428/food-sources-of-energy-and-nutrients-in-finnish-girls-and-boys-6-8-years-of-age-the-panic-study
#19
Aino-Maija Eloranta, Taisa Venäläinen, Sonja Soininen, Henna Jalkanen, Sanna Kiiskinen, Ursula Schwab, Timo A Lakka, Virpi Lindi
BACKGROUND: Data on food sources of nutrients are needed to improve strategies to enhance nutrient intake among girls and boys in Western countries. OBJECTIVE: To identify major food sources of energy, energy nutrients, dietary fibre, and micronutrients, and to study gender differences in these food sources among children. DESIGN: We assessed food consumption and nutrient intake using 4-day food records in a population sample of Finnish girls (n=213) and boys (n=217) aged 6-8 years from the Physical Activity and Nutrition in Children Study...
2016: Food & Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27690092/food-and-nutrient-intake-among-12-month-old-norwegian-somali-and-norwegian-iraqi-infants
#20
Navnit Kaur Grewal, Lene Frost Andersen, Cathrine Solheim Kolve, Ingrid Kverndalen, Liv Elin Torheim
The aim of the present paper was to describe food and nutrient intake among 12-month-old Norwegian-Somali and Norwegian-Iraqi infants, with a focus on iron and vitamin D intake. A cross-sectional survey was conducted from August 2013 through September 2014. Eighty-nine mothers/infants of Somali origin and 77 mothers/infants of Iraqi origin residing in Eastern Norway participated in the study. Data were collected using two 24-h multiple-pass recalls. Forty percent of the Norwegian-Somali infants and 47% of the Norwegian-Iraqi infants were breastfed at 12 months of age (p = 0...
2016: Nutrients
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