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iron and vitamin d

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615379/daily-consumption-of-lipid-based-nutrient-supplements-containing-250-%C3%AE-g-iodine-does-not-increase-urinary-iodine-concentrations-in-pregnant-and-postpartum-women-in-bangladesh
#1
Malay K Mridha, Susana L Matias, Rina Rani Paul, Sohrab Hussain, Md Showkat Ali Khan, Zakia Siddiqui, Barkat Ullah, Mostofa Sarker, Mokbul Hossain, Rebecca T Young, Charles D Arnold, Kathryn G Dewey
Background: Maternal iodine deficiency during pregnancy and lactation is common in Bangladesh.Objective: We evaluated the effect of lipid-based nutrient supplements for pregnant and lactating women (LNS-PL) on urinary iodine concentration (UIC).Methods: We conducted a cluster-randomized controlled effectiveness trial in which we enrolled 4011 pregnant women at ≤20 gestational weeks. Women in 48 clusters received iron and folic acid (IFA; 60 mg Fe/d + 400 μg folic acid/d) and women in 16 clusters received LNS-PL (20 g/d, 118 kcal) containing 22 vitamins and minerals (including 250 μg I)...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615265/adequacy-of-nutritional-intake-from-food-and-supplements-in-a-cohort-of-pregnant-women-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-canada-the-3d-cohort-study-design-develop-discover
#2
Lise Dubois, Maikol Diasparra, Brigitte Bédard, Cynthia K Colapinto, Bénédicte Fontaine-Bisson, Anne-Sophie Morisset, Richard E Tremblay, William D Fraser
Background: Assessments of the dietary intakes in various populations suggest that pregnant women have difficulty meeting all their nutritional requirements through diet alone. Few large-scale studies have considered both food sources and supplements in assessing the adequacy of nutritional intakes during pregnancy.Objectives: Our study aimed to assess nutritional intakes during pregnancy by examining dietary sources and supplements. It then compared these findings with Dietary Reference Intakes.Design: We conducted a nutrition study in a large pregnancy cohort using a 3-d food record during the second trimester of pregnancy...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606572/effect-of-dietary-fatty-acid-and-micronutrient-intake-energy-ratio-on-serum-diamine-oxidase-activity-in-healthy-women
#3
Makoto Miyoshi, Manami Ueno, Mari Matsuo, Yasuhiro Hamada, Michiko Takahashi, Masashi Yamamoto, Ikuko Yamamoto, Reiko Mikajiri, Satoko Tabuchi, Kumiko Wakida, Misa Yamanishi, Midori Hirai, Makoto Usami
OBJECTIVE: Serum diamine oxidase (DAO) activity varies to a greater extent in women than in men. DAO activity during the luteal phase was higher than that during the follicular phase in healthy women. Recent reports have indicated that duodenal lipid infusion increased DAO activity in the intestinal lymph in rats. The aim of this study was to elucidate the effect of dietary nutrient intake on serum DAO activity in healthy women. METHODS: Thirty-four healthy Japanese women were recruited...
July 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592513/iron-zinc-folate-and-vitamin-b-12-status-increased-among-women-and-children-in-yaound%C3%A3-and-douala-cameroon-1-year-after-introducing-fortified-wheat-flour
#4
Reina Engle-Stone, Martin Nankap, Alex O Ndjebayi, Lindsay H Allen, Setareh Shahab-Ferdows, Daniela Hampel, David W Killilea, Marie-Madeleine Gimou, Lisa A Houghton, Avital Friedman, Ann Tarini, Rosemary A Stamm, Kenneth H Brown
Background: Few data are available on the effectiveness of large-scale food fortification programs.Objective: We assessed the impact of mandatory wheat flour fortification on micronutrient status in Yaoundé and Douala, Cameroon.Methods: We conducted representative surveys 2 y before and 1 y after the introduction of fortified wheat flour. In each survey, 10 households were selected within each of the same 30 clusters (n = ∼300 households). Indicators of inflammation, malaria, anemia, and micronutrient status [plasma ferritin, soluble transferrin receptor (sTfR), zinc, folate, and vitamin B-12] were assessed among women aged 15-49 y and children 12-59 mo of age...
June 7, 2017: Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592096/-survey-on-dietary-nutrients-intake-of-chinese-residents-between-2010-and-2012
#5
Q Y Guo, L Y Zhao, Y N He, Y H Fang, H Y Fang, X L Xu, F M Jia, D M Yu
Objective: To investigate the average dietary nutrients intake status among Chinese residents between 2010-2012, and to compare the difference between rural and urban areas. Methods: Data were collected from Chinese Nutrition and Health Surveillance between 2010-2012. Based on regional features and economic development levels, China's county-level divisions were classified into four types: big city, medium and small city, ordinary rural area and poor rural area. A total of 62 857 valid subjects, including 14 017, 16 539, 19 910 and 12 391 respondents in each group separately, were enrolled by Multi-stage stratified proportion to the population cluster random sampling method...
June 6, 2017: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577750/-strategies-aiming-to-control-hyperphosphatemia-in-chronic-kidney-disease
#6
Pablo Antonio Ureña Torres
Chronic kidney disease is known to be associated with phosphate retention. The mechanisms are complex and the early increase in serum phosphate levels in chronic kidney disease is not strictly related to the dietary phosphate load or to the degree of phosphate retention. It also implicates the activity of intestinal sodium-phosphate cotransporters, the degree of bone turnover and the retention and/or phosphate release from the skeleton, and the feedback mechanisms regulating the phosphaturia. Indeed, the increase in serum phosphate levels is only a reflection of underlying complex mechanisms, and many important factors play a role including parathyroid hormone, vitamin D, fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), and others...
April 2017: Néphrologie & Thérapeutique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28572943/influence-of-low-dose-of-gamma-radiation-and-storage-on-some-vitamins-and-mineral-elements-of-dried-oyster-mushrooms-pleurotus-ostreatus
#7
Nii Korley Kortei, George Tawia Odamtten, Mary Obodai, Michael Wiafe-Kwagyan, Edward Adotey Addo
Mushrooms contain some of the most potent natural medicines on the planet. Vitamins A, C, D, Mineral elements, contents, as well as total soluble solids (Brix(o)) of dried composition of Pleurotus ostreatus were investigated after exposing to gamma radiation doses of 0 (control), 0.5, 1, 1.5, and 2 kGy at a dose rate of 1.7 kGy per hour in air from a Cobalt 60 source (SLL 515, Hungary) batch irradiator prior to storage (0 month) and after storage (12 months) at room temperature (28 ± 2°C). Results obtained showed some significant (p < ...
May 2017: Food Science & Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28571654/is-nutrient-content-and-other-label-information-for-prescription-prenatal-supplements-different-from-nonprescription-products
#8
Leila G Saldanha, Johanna T Dwyer, Karen W Andrews, LaVerne L Brown, Rebecca B Costello, Abby G Ershow, Pavel A Gusev, Constance J Hardy, Pamela R Pehrsson
BACKGROUND: Prenatal supplements are often recommended to pregnant women to help meet their nutrient needs. Many products are available, making it difficult to choose a suitable supplement because little is known about their labeling and contents to evaluate their appropriateness. OBJECTIVE: To determine differences between prescription and nonprescription prenatal supplements available in the United States regarding declared nutrient and nonnutrient ingredients and the presence of dosing and safety-related information...
May 29, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565892/metabolic-surgery-and-nutritional-deficiencies
#9
Christine Stroh, Thomas Manger, Frank Benedix
The increasing prevalence of morbid obesity in Germany is associated with an increasing number of metabolic surgical interventions. Short-term surgical and long-term metabolic complications such as nutrient deficiencies can be considered as the main risks of metabolic surgery with its malabsorptive but also restrictive procedures. The aim of this review is to characterize the most relevant metabolic complications specific for the various bariatric procedures, which, subsequently, require a permanent surveillance and supplementation, respectively...
May 30, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28546302/considerations-and-controversies-in-managing-chronic-kidney-disease-an-update
#10
REVIEW
Lalita Prasad-Reddy, Diana Isaacs, Alexander Kantorovich
PURPOSE: Current considerations and controversies surrounding the management of chronic kidney disease (CKD) are reviewed. SUMMARY: Patients diagnosed with CKD require a unique clinical approach to prevent medication toxicities and ensure appropriate management of disease-progressing comorbidities, and they require attention to commonly occurring complications that may affect disease control and impact quality of life, including anemia and CKD-bone-mineral disorder (CKD-BMD)...
June 1, 2017: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540886/effect-of-hemodialysis-on-oxidants-and-antioxidant-factors-in-chronic-renal-failure
#11
Ramin Tajbakhsh, Mostafa Qorbani, Golbarg Mehrpour, Mitra Rahimzadeh, Mohammad Mehdi Azimzadeh, Hossein Mirmiranpour
The current study was conducted to assess the effect of hemodialysis (HD) on the status of plasma oxidants and antioxidants among patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). These parameters can have an influence on the HD process and can also be useful for follow-up of these patients. The participants of this cross-sectional study comprised 91 patients with a mean age of 51.1 ± 8.2 years on chronic HD with kt/v between 1.2 and 1.4. The etiology of ESRD in these patients was as follows: diabetes mellitus in 39, hypertension in 35, and glomerulonephritis in 17 patients...
May 2017: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28537576/an-infant-and-mother-with-severe-b12-deficiency-vitamin-b12-status-assessment-should-be-determined-in-pregnant-women-with-anaemia
#12
A Sobczyńska-Malefora, R Ramachandran, D Cregeen, E Green, P Bennett, D J Harrington, H A Lemonde
The vitamin B12 status of infants depends on maternal B12 status during pregnancy, and during lactation if breastfed. We present a 9-month-old girl who was admitted to the metabolic unit for assessment of developmental delay. She was exclusively breastfed and the introduction of solids at 5 months was unsuccessful. Investigations revealed pancytopenia, undetectable B12 and highly elevated methylmalonic acid and homocysteine. Methylmalonic acid and homocysteine normalised following B12 injections. Marked catch-up of developmental milestones was noted after treatment with B12...
May 24, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532720/the-dietary-composition-of-women-who-delivered-preterm-and-full-term-infants
#13
Wioletta Waksmańska, Rafał Bobiński, Izabela Ulman-Włodarz, Anna Pielesz, Monika Mikulska
OBJECTIVES: Literature data show that excess and primary deficiency in particular nutrients, vitamins and minerals may lead to pre-eclampsia, gestational diabetes, hypertension and neural tube defects in the foetus. The aim of the study was to determine differences in average daily consumption of selected nutrients during pregnancy in women who did not supplement their diet and to evaluate the influence of dietary habits on the occurrence of pre-term delivery and hypertension in pregnant women...
June 2017: Applied Nursing Research: ANR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531358/vitamin-b1-deficiency-in-patients-with-postural-tachycardia-syndrome-pots
#14
Svetlana Blitshteyn
OBJECTIVE: POTS is a heterogeneous disorder of the autonomic nervous system that can result from multiple etiologies. An increased prevalence of vitamin B12, vitamin D 25-OH and iron deficiencies has been observed in patients with POTS. This study examined the prevalence of vitamin B1 deficiency and assessed response to vitamin B1 supplementation in the deficient POTS patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: Medical records of 65 consecutive patients with POTS evaluated at our clinic were reviewed...
May 21, 2017: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526433/risk-of-low-birth-weight-and-micronutrient-deficiencies-in-neonates-from-mothers-after-gastric-bypass-a-case-control-study
#15
Geraldine Gascoin, Maxime Gerard, Agnès Sallé, Guillaume Becouarn, Stephanie Rouleau, Loïc Sentilhes, Régis Coutant
BACKGROUND: An increased risk of small-for-gestational-age infants after maternal bariatric surgery has been shown. The risk of micronutrients deficiencies in these neonates is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To screen for micronutrients deficiencies in newborns of mothers with gastric bypass. SETTINGS: University hospital in Angers, France. METHODS: This study compared the clinical and cord blood biological characteristics of 56 newborns of mothers with prior Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and 56 newborns of nonobese healthy mothers after normal pregnancy (controls), followed between January 3, 2008 and October 31, 2012...
March 27, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526387/adequacy-of-nutrient-intake-in-women-with-restrictive-anorexia-nervosa
#16
Chiara Chiurazzi, Iolanda Cioffi, Carmela De Caprio, Emilia De Filippo, Maurizio Marra, Rosa Sammarco, Maria Luisa Di Guglielmo, Franco Contaldo, Fabrizio Pasanisi
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to assess energy and nutrient intake in a group of women with restrictive AN (r-AN) compared with a control group. METHODS: Thirteen r-AN patients and 13 healthy female controls completed 7-d food records. Intake of macro- and micronutrients was compared between the two groups as well as to the Dietary Reference Intake for the Italian Population (LARN) for specific ages. Additionally, the r-AN patients underwent indirect calorimetry for measuring resting energy expenditure (REE)...
June 2017: Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508256/the-role-of-micronutrients-in-alopecia-areata-a-review
#17
REVIEW
Jordan M Thompson, Mehwish A Mirza, Min Kyung Park, Abrar A Qureshi, Eunyoung Cho
Alopecia areata (AA) is a common, non-scarring form of hair loss caused by immune-mediated attack of the hair follicle. As with other immune-mediated diseases, a complex interplay between environment and genetics is thought to lead to the development of AA. Deficiency of micronutrients such as vitamins and minerals may represent a modifiable risk factor associated with development of AA. Given the role of these micronutrients in normal hair follicle development and in immune cell function, a growing number of investigations have sought to determine whether serum levels of these nutrients might differ in AA patients, and whether supplementation of these nutrients might represent a therapeutic option for AA...
May 15, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28483341/red-meat-s-role-in-addressing-nutrients-of-public-health-concern
#18
Kevin D Cashman, Aoife Hayes
The role of red meat, particularly lean cuts, in healthy eating guidelines has been highlighted in most developed nations. Despite this, the public have received some mixed messages in relation to meat. Nutrition claims in Europe and nutrient content claims in the US may have important roles in providing consumer confidence and a better appreciation of the importance of red meat to achieving nutrient adequacy. In particular, it is noteworthy that nutrition/nutrient content claims for red meat could be made for four out of the seven nutrients of public health concern as designated in the 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans, namely sodium, potassium, iron, vitamin D, the intakes of which have also been shown to be problematic for European populations...
April 27, 2017: Meat Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28482093/can-nutrition-or-inflammation-moderate-the-age-cognition-association-among-older-adults
#19
Elizabeth P Handing, Brent J Small, Ross Andel, Cathy L McEvoy, Nagi Kumar
Objectives: Previous research has shown that nutrition can influence cognitive abilities in older adults. We examined whether nutritional factors or inflammatory biomarkers moderate the age-cognition association. Method: Analyses included 1,308 participants (age ≥60) from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey III. Macronutrients (% of calories from fat, protein, and carbohydrates), micronutrients/amino acids (blood serum values: Vitamins B12, C, D, E, folate, iron, homocysteine, and β-carotene), and inflammatory biomarkers (serum C-reactive protein, plasma fibrinogen, and serum ferritin) were examined as moderators with cognition...
May 6, 2017: Journals of Gerontology. Series B, Psychological Sciences and Social Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468867/medication-errors-by-caregivers-at-home-in-neonates-discharged-from-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit
#20
Ritanshu Solanki, Nivedita Mondal, Thulasingam Mahalakshmy, Vishnu Bhat
OBJECTIVE: To determine the frequency of medication errors by caregivers at home in neonates discharged from the neonatal intensive care unit and to identify the associated risk factors. METHODS: A descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in the High Risk Newborn Follow-up Clinic of our institute, on a sample of 166 children, <3 months old. The medications prescribed (syrup preparations of vitamin D, multivitamins, calcium, iron and levetiracetam, tablet L-thyroxine and ursodeoxycholic acid and human milk fortifier powder) were noted from the discharge summary...
May 3, 2017: Archives of Disease in Childhood
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