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Black Female Thought

James Doolittle, Patricia Walker, Thomas Mills, Jane Thurston
Current published estimates of the prevalence of hyperhidrosis in the United States are outdated and underestimate the true prevalence of the condition. The objectives of this study are to provide an updated estimate of the prevalence of hyperhidrosis in the US population and to further assess the severity and impact of sweating on those affected by the condition. For the purposes of obtaining prevalence, a nationally representative sample of 8160 individuals were selected using an online panel, and information as to whether or not they experience hyperhidrosis was obtained...
October 15, 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
Nisha A Gilotra, Adam Shpigel, Ike S Okwuosa, Ruth Tamrat, Deirdre Flowers, Stuart D Russell
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data describing patient-identified precipitants of heart failure (HF) hospitalization. We hypothesized a patient's perception of reason for or preventability of an admission may be related to 30-day readmission rates. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ninety-four patients admitted with decompensated HF from July 2014 to March 2015 completed a brief questionnaire regarding circumstances leading to admission. Thirty-day outcomes were assessed via telephone call and chart review...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Cardiac Failure
Robert Medairos, Vicky Kang, Carissa Aboubakare, Matthew Kramer, Sheila Ann Dugan
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to identify patterns of use and preferences related to technology platforms that could support physical activity (PA) programs in an underserved population. METHODS: A 29-item questionnaire was administered at five health and wellness sites targeting low income communities in Chicago. Frequency tables were generated for Internet, cell phone, and social media use and preferences. Chi-squared analysis was used to evaluate differences across age and income groups...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
Dominique G Ruggieri, Sarah Bauerle Bass
School-based body mass index (BMI) screenings can help parents make informed decisions about their child's health, but schools have questioned parents' understanding and attitudes about BMI measures and report cards. Although researchers have investigated minority parents' perceptions of their child's weight, no research has explored minority parents' knowledge and perceptions related to BMI measurements, school-based BMI screening programs, and BMI report cards. To address this gap, focus groups were conducted (n = 20) with female Black or African-American parents/guardians from a large urban school district...
June 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
Mary Smith
"Get the camera!" I yelled. As my young son came running towards me with the camera, I pointed up to the sky. Therethey were, four magnificent gleaming rainbows. The cloudssurrounding were a moody bluish black and the sun swiftly andgracefully beamed through them. The shimmering and glistening rainbows in that brief moment of sunshine pierced throughmy own darkness. In the last few months in my First Nationscommunity, we had experienced many deaths. Some of thesedeaths were relatives and friends. Years later, I would gaze atthe picture taken through hot tears, Nagweyaab geebawug orrainbow spirits I thought--these are the ancestors, those whohave passed reminding us to never give up...
October 2015: CANNT Journal, Journal ACITN
Dewey Cornell, Francis Huang
Many adolescents engage in risk behaviors such as substance use and aggression that jeopardize their healthy development. This study tested the hypothesis that an authoritative school climate characterized by strict but fair discipline and supportive teacher-student relationships is conducive to lower risk behavior for high school students. Multilevel logistic regression models were used to analyze cross-sectional, student-report survey data from a statewide sample of 47,888 students (50.6 % female) in 319 high schools...
January 19, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Amy C Arnold, Luis E Okamoto, Alfredo Gamboa, Bonnie K Black, Satish R Raj, Fernando Elijovich, David Robertson, Cyndya A Shibao, Italo Biaggioni
Primary autonomic failure is characterized by disabling orthostatic hypotension, but at least half of these patients have paradoxical supine hypertension. Renin-angiotensin mechanisms were not initially thought to contribute to this hypertension because plasma renin activity is often undetectable in autonomic failure. Plasma aldosterone levels are normal, however, and we recently showed that plasma angiotensin II is elevated and acts at AT1 (angiotensin type 1) receptors to contribute to hypertension in these patients...
February 2016: Hypertension
Nam-Gyoon Kim, Heejung Son
Facial expressions of emotion are thought to convey expressers' behavioral intentions, thus priming observers' approach and avoidance tendencies appropriately. The present study examined whether detecting expressions of behavioral intent influences perceivers' estimation of the expresser's distance from them. Eighteen undergraduates (nine male and nine female) participated in the study. Six facial expressions were chosen on the basis of degree of threat-anger, hate (threatening expressions), shame, surprise (neutral expressions), pleasure, and joy (safe expressions)...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
Lani Valencia Jones, Beverly Guy-Sheftall
An examination of the literature on epidemiology, etiology, and use of services for this population reveals an insufficient application of culturally congruent approaches to intervening with black women. An exploration of the social work practice literature and other relevant fields indicate that black feminist perspectives offer the opportunity to gain a clearer understanding of the intersection and influence of oppression among black women struggling with psychiatric issues and provide a useful framework for mental health practice with this population...
October 2015: Social Work
Mark Jesin, Stephanie Rashewsky, Michael Shapiro, William Tobler, Suresh Agarwal, Peter Burke, Andrew Salama
OBJECTIVE: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis was undertaken to determine the impact of race and insurance status on trauma outcomes in patients admitted to a Level I trauma center following head and neck fractures. STUDY DESIGN: Putative predictive factors, including injury mechanism, hemorrhagic shock, injury severity score (ISS), race, gender, and insurance status, were used in a multivariate outcome analysis to determine their influence on length of hospital stay, number of procedures performed, discharge status, and mortality; P < ...
January 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
Luis E Okamoto, Satish R Raj, Alfredo Gamboa, Cyndya A Shibao, Amy C Arnold, Emily M Garland, Bonnie K Black, Ginnie Farley, André Diedrich, Italo Biaggioni
Sympathetic activation is thought to contribute to the inflammatory process associated with obesity, which is characterized by elevated circulating C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). To evaluate whether sympathetic activation is associated with inflammation in the absence of obesity, we studied patients with postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS), a condition characterized by increased sympathetic tone in otherwise healthy individuals. Compared with 23 lean controls, 43 lean female POTS had greater vascular sympathetic modulation (low-frequency blood pressure variability, LFSBP, 3...
December 15, 2015: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
Louise Mc Grath-Lone, Sophie Day, Claudia Schoenborn, Helen Ward
BACKGROUND: Inequalities in cancer research participation are thought to exist with certain groups under-represented in research populations; however, much of the evidence is based on small-scale studies. The aim of this study was to explore data from in-depth interviews with cancer patients and a large national survey to investigate variation in who is asked to participate in research and who takes part. METHODS: Factors associated with research discussion and participation were explored in National Cancer Patient Experience Survey data using multivariate logistic regression and during in-depth interviews with 25 breast cancer patients...
2015: BMC Cancer
Brian R Winters, John L Gore, Sarah K Holt, Jonathan D Harper, Daniel W Lin, Jonathan L Wright
INTRODUCTION: Cystic renal cell carcinoma (cystic RCC) is thought to carry an improved prognosis relative to clear cell RCC (CCRCC); however, this is based on small case series. We used a population-based tumor registry to compare clinicopathologic features and cancer-specific mortality (CSM) of cystic RCC with those of CCRCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was queried for all patients diagnosed and treated for cystic RCC and CCRCC between 2001 and 2010...
December 2015: Urologic Oncology
M S Church
Metric and morphological techniques employed by forensic anthropologists for determination of race are reviewed. Included are several studies which examine cranial morphological techniques such as presence of the oval window of the inner ear, which occurs more frequently in Whites than in Native Americans; or the shape of the alveolar region which distinguishes between Asian, African, and North American Indian groups. A table of common cranial morphologic traits is presented. Metric techniques have also been used to determine race from the skull...
June 1995: Forensic Science Review
Peter M Smith, Ron Saunders, Marni Lifshen, Ollie Black, Morgan Lay, F Curtis Breslin, Anthony D LaMontagne, Emile Tompa
Injuries at work have a substantial economic and societal burden. Often groups of labour market participants, such as young workers, recent immigrants or temporary workers are labelled as being "vulnerable" to work injury. However, defining groups in this way does little to enable a better understanding of the broader factors that place workers at increased risk of injury. In this paper we describe the development of a new measure of occupational health and safety (OH&S) vulnerability. The purpose of this measure was to allow the identification of workers at increased risk of injury, and to enable the monitoring and surveillance of OH&S vulnerability in the labour market...
September 2015: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
Nancy P Gordon, Beverly B Green
BACKGROUND: The one-sample fecal immunochemical test (FIT) is gaining popularity for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening of average-risk people. However, uptake and annual use remain suboptimal. METHODS: In 2013, we mailed questionnaires to three groups of nonHispanic White, Black, and Latino Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC) members ages 52-76 who received FIT kits in 2010-2012: Continuers did the FIT all 3 years; Converts in 2012, but not 2010 or 2011; and Nonusers in none of the 3 years...
2015: BMC Public Health
Sisi Liu, Mo Wang, Xianchun Li
Melanism has long been thought to be a habitat adaptation with a fitness cost. Here we reported a homozygous melanic strain (SEM) of Spodoptera exigua (Hübner) (Insecta: Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) established with black pupae spontaneously occurring within a typical laboratory population (SEW). The melanization is expressed globally, and only in the pupal stage. After pupation, the melanic SEM pupae gradually accumulate melanin to become completely black within 6 hours, whereas the wild-type SEW pupae gradually turn yellow-brown...
2015: Scientific Reports
Anders Hougaard, Bettina Hagström Jensen, Faisal Mohammad Amin, Egill Rostrup, Michael B Hoffmann, Messoud Ashina
Hemispheric asymmetry of a wide range of functions is a hallmark of the human brain. The visual system has traditionally been thought of as symmetrically distributed in the brain, but a growing body of evidence has challenged this view. Some highly specific visual tasks have been shown to depend on hemispheric specialization. However, the possible lateralization of cerebral responses to a simple checkerboard visual stimulation has not been a focus of previous studies. To investigate this, we performed two sessions of blood-oxygenation level dependent (BOLD) functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) in 54 healthy subjects during stimulation with a black and white checkerboard visual stimulus...
2015: PloS One
Anna Katherine Black, Joshua C Fulwiler, Todd A Smitherman
BACKGROUND: Recurrent headache sufferers are often fearful of pain, which disrupts thought processes, interferes with daily activities, and may maintain headache-related disability through avoidance and associated negative reinforcement. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this cross-sectional study was to (1) examine differences in fear of pain (FOP) between headache sufferers and non-headache controls; (2) examine differences in FOP across primary headache diagnostic groups; (3) assess the extent to which FOP predicts headache variables (eg...
May 2015: Headache
William Kilembe, Kristin M Wall, Mammekwa Mokgoro, Annie Mwaanga, Elisabeth Dissen, Miriam Kamusoko, Hilda Phiri, Jean Sakulanda, Jonathan Davitte, Tarylee Reddy, Mark Brockman, Thumbi Ndung'u, Susan Allen
OBJECTIVE: Couples' voluntary HIV counseling and testing (CVCT) significantly decreases HIV transmission within couples, the largest risk group in sub-Saharan Africa, but it is not currently offered in most HIV testing facilities. To roll out such an intervention, understanding locale-specific knowledge barriers is critical. In this study, we measured knowledge of HIV serodiscordance, transmission, and prevention before and after receipt of CVCT services in Durban. DESIGN: Pre- and post-CVCT knowledge surveys were administered to a selection of individuals seeking CVCT services...
2015: PloS One
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