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Black Female Thought

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933186/effect-of-type-and-amount-of-dietary-carbohydrate-on-biomarkers-of-glucose-homeostasis-and-c-reactive-protein-in-overweight-or-obese-adults-results-from-the-omnicarb-trial
#1
Stephen P Juraschek, Edgar R Miller, Elizabeth Selvin, Vincent J Carey, Lawrence J Appel, Robert H Christenson, Frank M Sacks
OBJECTIVE: The glycemic index (GI) of dietary carbohydrate is thought to affect glucose homeostasis. Recently, the Effect of Amount and Type of Dietary Carbohydrates on Risk for Cardiovascular Heart Disease and Diabetes Study (OmniCarb) trial reported that a low-GI diet did not improve insulin sensitivity. We conducted this ancillary study of the OmniCarb trial to determine the effects of GI and carbohydrate content on glucose homeostasis and inflammation. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: OmniCarb was a randomized cross-over feeding study conducted in overweight or obese adults without diabetes (N=163)...
2016: BMJ Open Diabetes Research & Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27832817/prevalence-of-psychological-symptoms-among-adults-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-korle-bu-teaching-hospital-ghana
#2
Michael Tetteh Anim, Joseph Osafo, Felix Yirdong
BACKGROUND: Previous research revealed high prevalence of psychological symptoms among sickle cell disease (SCD) patients in the West and Europe. In some Black SCD populations such as Nigeria and Jamaica, anxiety and depression had low prevalence rates compared to Europe. With difficulty locating research data on the prevalence of psychological symptoms in Ghana, this study aimed at exploring psychological symptoms among adults with SCD in a Teaching Hospital in Accra, Ghana. METHODS: Two hundred and one participants (males 102 and females 99) who were HbSS (n = 131) and HbSC (n = 70), aged 18 years and above were purposively recruited...
November 10, 2016: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27824002/clinical-manifestations-of-fibrosing-mediastinitis-in-chinese-patients
#3
Yan Hu, Jian-Xing Qiu, Ji-Ping Liao, Hong Zhang, Zhe Jin, Guang-Fa Wang
BACKGROUND: Fibrosing mediastinitis (FM) is a rare disease. FM is thought to be related to prior granulomatous mediastinal infection, such as histoplasmosis or tuberculosis. The majority of cases have been reported in endemic regions for histoplasmosis. The characteristics of cases of FM in China, where the prevalence of tuberculosis is high, have not been reported. We analyzed the clinical, imaging, and bronchoscopic features of Chinese patients with FM to promote awareness of this disease...
2016: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795757/-cutaneous-depigmentation-in-black-female-population-for-cosmetic-purposes-results-of-a-kap-survey-conducted-in-abidjan-ivory-coast
#4
Sarah Kourouma, Ildevert Patrice Gbery, Mamadou Kaloga, Elidjé Joseph Ecra, Abdoulaye Sangaré, Isidore Yao Kouassi, Komenan Kassi, Alexandre Kouamé Kouassi, Pauline Yao Yoboué
INTRODUCTION: Cutaneous depigmentation for cosmeticis purposes is a widespread practice among black African women. It has many complications that have been well documented for decades. However, the reasons of practitioners are not well known. The aim of our study was to understand the motivating reasons of these women in order to conduct a communication campaign for behavior change. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional KAP survey (Knowledge/Attitudes/Practices) at the Dermatology Department of the University Hospital of Treichville (Abidjan) Data were analyzed using Epi Info 3...
2016: Pan African Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27744497/hyperhidrosis-an-update-on-prevalence-and-severity-in-the-united-states
#5
James Doolittle, Patricia Walker, Thomas Mills, Jane Thurston
Current published estimates of the prevalence of hyperhidrosis in the United States are outdated and underestimate the true prevalence of the condition. The objectives of this study are to provide an updated estimate of the prevalence of hyperhidrosis in the US population and to further assess the severity and impact of sweating on those affected by the condition. For the purposes of obtaining prevalence, a nationally representative sample of 8160 individuals were selected using an online panel, and information as to whether or not they experience hyperhidrosis was obtained...
December 2016: Archives of Dermatological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742454/patients-commonly-believe-their-heart-failure-hospitalizations-are-preventable-and-identify-worsening-heart-failure-non-adherence-and-a-knowledge-gap-as-reasons-for-admission
#6
Nisha A Gilotra, Adam Shpigel, Ike S Okwuosa, Ruth Tamrat, Deirdre Flowers, Stuart D Russell
BACKGROUND: There is a paucity of data describing patient-identified precipitants of heart failure (HF) hospitalization. We hypothesized a patient's perception of reason for or preventability of an admission may be related to 30-day readmission rates. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ninety-four patients admitted with decompensated HF from July 2014 to March 2015 completed a brief questionnaire regarding circumstances leading to admission. Thirty-day outcomes were assessed via telephone call and chart review...
October 11, 2016: Journal of Cardiac Failure
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618680/physical-activity-in-an-underserved-population-identifying-technology-preferences
#7
Robert Medairos, Vicky Kang, Carissa Aboubakare, Matthew Kramer, Sheila Ann Dugan
INTRODUCTION: This study aims to identify patterns of use and preferences related to technology platforms that could support physical activity (PA) programs in an underserved population. METHODS: A 29-item questionnaire was administered at five health and wellness sites targeting low income communities in Chicago. Frequency tables were generated for Internet, cell phone, and social media use and preferences. Chi-squared analysis was used to evaluate differences across age and income groups...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27271073/african-american-parents-knowledge-and-perceptions-about-bmi-measurements-school-based-bmi-screening-programs-and-bmi-report-cards-results-from-a-qualitative-investigation-and-implications-for-school-to-parent-communication
#8
Dominique G Ruggieri, Sarah Bauerle Bass
School-based body mass index (BMI) screenings can help parents make informed decisions about their child's health, but schools have questioned parents' understanding and attitudes about BMI measures and report cards. Although researchers have investigated minority parents' perceptions of their child's weight, no research has explored minority parents' knowledge and perceptions related to BMI measurements, school-based BMI screening programs, and BMI report cards. To address this gap, focus groups were conducted (n = 20) with female Black or African-American parents/guardians from a large urban school district...
June 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26964420/nagweyaab-geebawug-a-retrospective-autoethnography-of-the-lived-experience-of-kidney-donation
#9
Mary Smith
"Get the camera!" I yelled. As my young son came running towards me with the camera, I pointed up to the sky. Therethey were, four magnificent gleaming rainbows. The cloudssurrounding were a moody bluish black and the sun swiftly andgracefully beamed through them. The shimmering and glistening rainbows in that brief moment of sunshine pierced throughmy own darkness. In the last few months in my First Nationscommunity, we had experienced many deaths. Some of thesedeaths were relatives and friends. Years later, I would gaze atthe picture taken through hot tears, Nagweyaab geebawug orrainbow spirits I thought--these are the ancestors, those whohave passed reminding us to never give up...
October 2015: CANNT Journal, Journal ACITN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26781806/authoritative-school-climate-and-high-school-student-risk-behavior-a-cross-sectional-multi-level-analysis-of-student-self-reports
#10
Dewey Cornell, Francis Huang
Many adolescents engage in risk behaviors such as substance use and aggression that jeopardize their healthy development. This study tested the hypothesis that an authoritative school climate characterized by strict but fair discipline and supportive teacher-student relationships is conducive to lower risk behavior for high school students. Multilevel logistic regression models were used to analyze cross-sectional, student-report survey data from a statewide sample of 47,888 students (50.6 % female) in 319 high schools...
January 19, 2016: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26644241/mineralocorticoid-receptor-activation-contributes-to-the-supine-hypertension-of-autonomic-failure
#11
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Amy C Arnold, Luis E Okamoto, Alfredo Gamboa, Bonnie K Black, Satish R Raj, Fernando Elijovich, David Robertson, Cyndya A Shibao, Italo Biaggioni
Primary autonomic failure is characterized by disabling orthostatic hypotension, but at least half of these patients have paradoxical supine hypertension. Renin-angiotensin mechanisms were not initially thought to contribute to this hypertension because plasma renin activity is often undetectable in autonomic failure. Plasma aldosterone levels are normal, however, and we recently showed that plasma angiotensin II is elevated and acts at AT1 (angiotensin type 1) receptors to contribute to hypertension in these patients...
February 2016: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26635708/how-facial-expressions-of-emotion-affect-distance-perception
#12
Nam-Gyoon Kim, Heejung Son
Facial expressions of emotion are thought to convey expressers' behavioral intentions, thus priming observers' approach and avoidance tendencies appropriately. The present study examined whether detecting expressions of behavioral intent influences perceivers' estimation of the expresser's distance from them. Eighteen undergraduates (nine male and nine female) participated in the study. Six facial expressions were chosen on the basis of degree of threat-anger, hate (threatening expressions), shame, surprise (neutral expressions), pleasure, and joy (safe expressions)...
2015: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26489355/conquering-the-black-girl-blues
#13
Lani Valencia Jones, Beverly Guy-Sheftall
An examination of the literature on epidemiology, etiology, and use of services for this population reveals an insufficient application of culturally congruent approaches to intervening with black women. An exploration of the social work practice literature and other relevant fields indicate that black feminist perspectives offer the opportunity to gain a clearer understanding of the intersection and influence of oppression among black women struggling with psychiatric issues and provide a useful framework for mental health practice with this population...
October 2015: Social Work
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26455290/predictors-of-mortality-hospital-utilization-and-the-role-of-race-in-outcomes-in-head-and-neck-trauma
#14
Mark Jesin, Stephanie Rashewsky, Michael Shapiro, William Tobler, Suresh Agarwal, Peter Burke, Andrew Salama
OBJECTIVE: A retrospective cross-sectional analysis was undertaken to determine the impact of race and insurance status on trauma outcomes in patients admitted to a Level I trauma center following head and neck fractures. STUDY DESIGN: Putative predictive factors, including injury mechanism, hemorrhagic shock, injury severity score (ISS), race, gender, and insurance status, were used in a multivariate outcome analysis to determine their influence on length of hospital stay, number of procedures performed, discharge status, and mortality; P < ...
January 2016: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26453329/sympathetic-activation-is-associated-with-increased-il-6-but-not-crp-in-the-absence-of-obesity-lessons-from-postural-tachycardia-syndrome-and-obesity
#15
Luis E Okamoto, Satish R Raj, Alfredo Gamboa, Cyndya A Shibao, Amy C Arnold, Emily M Garland, Bonnie K Black, Ginnie Farley, André Diedrich, Italo Biaggioni
Sympathetic activation is thought to contribute to the inflammatory process associated with obesity, which is characterized by elevated circulating C-reactive protein (hsCRP) and interleukin-6 (IL-6). To evaluate whether sympathetic activation is associated with inflammation in the absence of obesity, we studied patients with postural tachycardia syndrome (POTS), a condition characterized by increased sympathetic tone in otherwise healthy individuals. Compared with 23 lean controls, 43 lean female POTS had greater vascular sympathetic modulation (low-frequency blood pressure variability, LFSBP, 3...
December 15, 2015: American Journal of Physiology. Heart and Circulatory Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26341736/exploring-research-participation-among-cancer-patients-analysis-of-a-national-survey-and-an-in-depth-interview-study
#16
Louise Mc Grath-Lone, Sophie Day, Claudia Schoenborn, Helen Ward
BACKGROUND: Inequalities in cancer research participation are thought to exist with certain groups under-represented in research populations; however, much of the evidence is based on small-scale studies. The aim of this study was to explore data from in-depth interviews with cancer patients and a large national survey to investigate variation in who is asked to participate in research and who takes part. METHODS: Factors associated with research discussion and participation were explored in National Cancer Patient Experience Survey data using multivariate logistic regression and during in-depth interviews with 25 breast cancer patients...
2015: BMC Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26319351/cystic-renal-cell-carcinoma-carries-an-excellent-prognosis-regardless-of-tumor-size
#17
Brian R Winters, John L Gore, Sarah K Holt, Jonathan D Harper, Daniel W Lin, Jonathan L Wright
INTRODUCTION: Cystic renal cell carcinoma (cystic RCC) is thought to carry an improved prognosis relative to clear cell RCC (CCRCC); however, this is based on small case series. We used a population-based tumor registry to compare clinicopathologic features and cancer-specific mortality (CSM) of cystic RCC with those of CCRCC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database was queried for all patients diagnosed and treated for cystic RCC and CCRCC between 2001 and 2010...
December 2015: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26270337/determination-of-race-from-the-skeleton-through-forensic-anthropological-methods
#18
REVIEW
M S Church
Metric and morphological techniques employed by forensic anthropologists for determination of race are reviewed. Included are several studies which examine cranial morphological techniques such as presence of the oval window of the inner ear, which occurs more frequently in Whites than in Native Americans; or the shape of the alveolar region which distinguishes between Asian, African, and North American Indian groups. A table of common cranial morphologic traits is presented. Metric techniques have also been used to determine race from the skull...
June 1995: Forensic Science Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26103437/the-development-of-a-conceptual-model-and-self-reported-measure-of-occupational-health-and-safety-vulnerability
#19
Peter M Smith, Ron Saunders, Marni Lifshen, Ollie Black, Morgan Lay, F Curtis Breslin, Anthony D LaMontagne, Emile Tompa
Injuries at work have a substantial economic and societal burden. Often groups of labour market participants, such as young workers, recent immigrants or temporary workers are labelled as being "vulnerable" to work injury. However, defining groups in this way does little to enable a better understanding of the broader factors that place workers at increased risk of injury. In this paper we describe the development of a new measure of occupational health and safety (OH&S) vulnerability. The purpose of this measure was to allow the identification of workers at increased risk of injury, and to enable the monitoring and surveillance of OH&S vulnerability in the labour market...
September 2015: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26062732/factors-associated-with-use-and-non-use-of-the-fecal-immunochemical-test-fit-kit-for-colorectal-cancer-screening-in-response-to-a-2012-outreach-screening-program-a-survey-study
#20
Nancy P Gordon, Beverly B Green
BACKGROUND: The one-sample fecal immunochemical test (FIT) is gaining popularity for colorectal cancer (CRC) screening of average-risk people. However, uptake and annual use remain suboptimal. METHODS: In 2013, we mailed questionnaires to three groups of nonHispanic White, Black, and Latino Kaiser Permanente Northern California (KPNC) members ages 52-76 who received FIT kits in 2010-2012: Continuers did the FIT all 3 years; Converts in 2012, but not 2010 or 2011; and Nonusers in none of the 3 years...
2015: BMC Public Health
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