keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Academic Outcomes

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912825/how-well-does-intraoperative-audiologic-monitoring-predict-hearing-outcome-during-middle-fossa-vestibular-schwannoma-resection
#1
Daniel Q Sun, C Blake Sullivan, Raymund W Kung, Megan Asklof, Marlan R Hansen, Bruce J Gantz
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the association between signal changes during intraoperative audiologic monitoring and postoperative audiometric outcome in patients undergoing vestibular schwannoma (VS) resection via middle cranial fossa (MCF) approach. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. SETTING: Academic tertiary referral center. PATIENTS: One hundred twenty-six consecutive patients (mean age 48.6 yrs, range 16-67; mean tumor size 9...
June 15, 2018: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912811/innovations-in-energy-expenditure-assessment
#2
Najate Achamrah, Taku Oshima, Laurence Genton
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Optimal nutritional therapy has been associated with better clinical outcomes and requires providing energy as closed as possible to measured energy expenditure. We reviewed the current innovations in energy expenditure assessment in humans, focusing on indirect calorimetry and other new alternative methods. RECENT FINDINGS: Although considered the reference method to measure energy expenditure, the use of indirect calorimetry is currently limited by the lack of an adequate device...
June 15, 2018: Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition and Metabolic Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912735/effectiveness-of-a-model-bundle-payment-initiative-for-femur-fracture-patients
#3
Ariana Lott, Rebekah Belayneh, Jack Haglin, Sanjit Konda, Kenneth A Egol
OBJECTIVES: Analyze the effectiveness of a BPCI (Bundle Payments for Care Improvement) initiative for patients who would be included in a future potential Surgical Hip and Femur Fracture Treatment (SHFFT) bundle. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort SETTING:: Single Academic Institution PATIENTS/PARTICIPANTS:: Patients discharged with operative fixation of a hip or femur fracture (DRG codes 480-482) between 1/2015-10/2016 were included. A BPCI initiative based upon an established program for BPCI Total Joint Arthroplasty (TJA) was initiated for patients with hip and femur fractures in January 2016...
May 28, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29912422/age-and-outcomes-following-guided-de-escalation-of-antiplatelet-treatment-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-undergoing-percutaneous-coronary-intervention-results-from-the-randomized-tropical-acs-trial
#4
Dirk Sibbing, Lisa Gross, Dietmar Trenk, Claudius Jacobshagen, Tobias Geisler, Martin Hadamitzky, Béla Merkely, Róbert Gábor Kiss, András Komócsi, Radoslaw Parma, Stephan B Felix, Franz-Josef Neumann, Jörg Hausleiter, Monika Baylacher, Lukasz Koltowski, Julinda Mehilli, Kurt Huber, Zenon Huczek, Dániel Aradi, Steffen Massberg
Aims: Guided de-escalation of P2Y12-inhibitor treatment was recently identified as an effective alternative treatment strategy in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention. Safety and efficacy of this strategy may differ in relation to patient's age. This pre-specified analysis of the TROPICAL-ACS trial aimed to assess the impact of age on clinical outcomes following guided de-escalation of antiplatelet treatment in ACS patients. Methods and results: Patients were randomly assigned in a 1:1 fashion to either standard treatment with prasugrel for 12 months (control group) or to a guided de-escalation regimen (1 week prasugrel followed by 1 week clopidogrel and platelet function testing guided maintenance therapy with clopidogrel or prasugrel from day 14 after hospital discharge; guided de-escalation group)...
June 14, 2018: European Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911876/childhood-self-regulation-as-a-mechanism-through-which-early-overcontrolling-parenting-is-associated-with-adjustment-in-preadolescence
#5
Nicole B Perry, Jessica M Dollar, Susan D Calkins, Susan P Keane, Lilly Shanahan
We examined longitudinal associations across an 8-year time span between overcontrolling parenting during toddlerhood, self-regulation during early childhood, and social, emotional, and academic adjustment in preadolescence (N = 422). Overcontrolling parenting, emotion regulation (ER), and inhibitory control (IC) were observed in the laboratory; preadolescent adjustment was teacher-reported and child self-reported. Results from path analysis indicated that overcontrolling parenting at age 2 was associated negatively with ER and IC at age 5, which, in turn, were associated with more child-reported emotional and school problems, fewer teacher-reported social skills, and less teacher-reported academic productivity at age 10...
June 18, 2018: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29911285/towards-environmental-health-equity-in-health-impact-assessment-innovations-and-opportunities
#6
REVIEW
Chris G Buse, Valerie Lai, Katie Cornish, Margot W Parkes
OBJECTIVES: As global environmental change drives inequitable health outcomes, novel health equity assessment methodologies are increasingly required. We review literatures on equity-focused HIA to clarify how equity is informing HIA practice, and to surface innovations for assessing health equity in relation to a range of exposures across geographic and temporal scales. METHODS: A narrative review of the health equity and HIA literatures analysed English articles published between 2003 and 2017 across PubMed, PubMed Central, Biomed Central and Ovid Medline...
June 18, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910752/gender-differences-in-how-family-income-and-parental-education-relate-to-reading-achievement-in-china-the-mediating-role-of-parental-expectation-and-parental-involvement
#7
Xiaolin Guo, Bo Lv, Huan Zhou, Chunhui Liu, Juan Liu, Kexin Jiang, Liang Luo
The impact of social economic status (SES) on children's academic outcomes has been well documented. However, the mechanisms underlying this relationship remain poorly understood. Furthermore, the process by which SES relates to academic achievement needs to be studied separately for boys and girls. Using a sample of 598 Chinese children (299 boys, 299 girls) in grades 4 to 6 and their parents, this study examined the process of how family SES, specifically family income and parental education, indirectly relates to children's reading achievement through parental expectation and parental involvement and whether this process differs between boys and girls...
2018: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29910072/differing-perceptions-of-preoperative-communication-among-surgical-team-members
#8
Sebastian A Cruz, Olumuyiwa Idowu, Alisha Ho, Michael J Lee, Lewis L Shi
BACKGROUND: Although preoperative communication is an emerging means through which surgical teams prepare for cases, little is known regarding its current state. This study investigated this topic in a survey of surgical team members. METHODS: An 11-question survey regarding the current state of and barriers to preoperative communication among surgical team members (surgeons, anesthesiologists, and surgical nurses and technologists) was distributed at a United States academic medical center utilizing the SurveyMonkey online questionnaire tool...
June 12, 2018: American Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909860/outcomes-and-associated-factors-in-malpractice-litigation-involving-inferior-vena-cava-filters
#9
REVIEW
Kenny Oh, Anil Hingorani
OBJECTIVE: Placement of inferior vena cava (IVC) filters is a controversial focus of medical malpractice. Clinicians currently have little information to guide them regarding key issues and outcomes in litigation. In this retrospective legal case review, we analyzed the factors associated with malpractice actions involving IVC filters. METHODS: The legal databases LexisNexis and Westlaw were searched from 1967 to 2016 for all published legal cases in the United States involving placement of IVC filters...
July 2018: Journal of Vascular Surgery. Venous and Lymphatic Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909713/how-does-exposure-to-violence-affect-school-delay-and-academic-motivation-for-adolescents-living-in-socioeconomically-disadvantaged-communities-in-south-africa
#10
Rocio Herrero Romero, James Hall, Lucie Cluver, Franziska Meinck, Eleanor Hinde
To date, little is known about the effects of violence on the educational outcomes of adolescents in disadvantaged communities in South Africa. In response, self-report data were collected from a socioeconomically disadvantaged sample of 503 adolescents aged 10 to 18 participating in a child abuse prevention trial in the Eastern Cape. Adolescents were purposively selected in the trial. This study applies Latent Profile Analysis (LPA) to examine relationships between past-month exposure to violence, school delay, and academic motivation...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29909709/study-habits-and-academic-achievement-among-medical-students-a-comparison-between-male-and-female-subjects
#11
Saad S Alzahrani, Yoon Soo Park, Ara Tekian
PURPOSE: Study habits of medical students contribute to better understanding learner achievement and success. This study examines the relationship between study habits, including gender and nonacademic factors that affect learning, to investigate their relationship with performance outcomes. METHODS: This study was conducted in March 2015 at the College of Medicine and Applied Medical Science at Taif University. A survey was administered, measuring study habits such as study time, study partners, source of study, breaks, study interruptions, difficulty concentrating, study activity, and delayed study...
June 16, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908709/shorter-interval-between-radiation-therapy-and-salvage-laryngopharyngeal-surgery-increases-complication-rates-following-microvascular-free-tissue-transfer
#12
Eric J Formeister, A Sean Alemi, Ivan El-Sayed, Jonathan R George, Patrick Ha, P Daniel Knott, William R Ryan, Rahul Seth, Matthew L Tamplen, Chase M Heaton
PURPOSE: To evaluate how the interval between radiation and salvage surgery for advanced laryngeal cancer with free tissue transfer reconstruction influences complication rates. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This is a retrospective series of 26 patients who underwent salvage laryngectomy or laryngopharyngectomy with vascularized free tissue reconstruction (anterolateral thigh or radial forearm) following radiation or chemoradiation between 2012 and 2017 at a single academic center...
June 6, 2018: American Journal of Otolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908436/adverse-experiences-in-infancy-and-toddlerhood-relations-to-adaptive-behavior-and-academic-status-in-middle-childhood
#13
Lorraine M McKelvey, Nicola Conners Edge, Glenn R Mesman, Leanne Whiteside-Mansell, Robert H Bradley
Findings from the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) study articulated the negative effects of childhood trauma on long-term well-being. The purpose of the current study is to examine the associations between ACEs experienced in infancy and toddlerhood and adaptive behavior and academic status in middle childhood. We used data collected from a sample of low-income families during the impacts study of Early Head Start (EHS). Data were collected by trained interviewers demonstrating at least 85% reliability with protocols...
June 13, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908329/the-incidence-of-vocal-fold-motion-impairment-after-primary-thyroid-and-parathyroid-surgery-for-a-single-high-volume-academic-surgeon-determined-by-pre-and-immediate-post-operative-fiberoptic-laryngoscopy
#14
Vaninder K Dhillon, Eleni Rettig, Salem I Noureldine, Dane J Genther, Ahmed Hassoon, Mai G Al Khadem, Ozan B Ozgursoy, Ralph P Tufano, Charles W Cummings
BACKGROUND: Vocal fold motion impairment (VFMI) is a well-recognized complication of thyroid and parathyroid surgery. Preoperative counseling requires a thorough understanding of the incidence, risk factors, and value of early diagnosis of postoperative VFMI. Our objective is to describe the incidence of and risk factors for VFMI for a single high-volume academic surgeon, and to assess the utility of immediate postoperative fiberoptic laryngoscopy (FOL) in early diagnosis of VFMI. METHODS: Retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing primary thyroid and parathyroid procedures by a single high-volume surgeon at an academic tertiary care center...
June 13, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908198/in-hospital-delays-result-in-worse-patient-outcomes-and-higher-cost-after-cardiac-surgery
#15
Diane R M Somlo, Nelson P Repenning, Abeel A Mangi
BACKGROUND: Contemporary reimbursement systems allow hospitals to maintain profitability by offering procedural services. However, increasing procedural volume can be met with structural inefficiencies that in turn cause delays, worse patient outcomes, and increased cost. METHODS: A multidisciplinary team assessed operations and outcomes at the Heart and Vascular Center at Yale New Haven Hospital, a tertiary academic medical center. Data were analyzed retrospectively to assess delays in transferring patients between care environments, patient outcomes, and cost...
June 13, 2018: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908013/patient-reported-disease-activity-and-adverse-pregnancy-outcomes-in-systemic-lupus-erythematosus-and-rheumatoid-arthritis
#16
Nathaniel Harris, Amanda Eudy, Megan Clowse
OBJECTIVES: While increased rheumatic disease activity during pregnancy has been associated with adverse pregnancy outcomes, this activity is typically assessed by the physician. Little is known, however, about the association between patient-reported measures of disease activity and pregnancy outcomes. METHODS: Univariate and multivariable regression models were used to assess the relationship between patient and physician-reported measures of disease activity and adverse pregnancy outcomes in 225 patients with lupus or rheumatoid arthritis (RA) enrolled in a prospective registry at a single academic center from 2008-2016...
June 15, 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907552/beyond-maximum-grade-modernising-the-assessment-and-reporting-of-adverse-events-in-haematological-malignancies
#17
REVIEW
Gita Thanarajasingam, Lori M Minasian, Frederic Baron, Franco Cavalli, R Angelo De Claro, Amylou C Dueck, Tarec C El-Galaly, Neil Everest, Jan Geissler, Christian Gisselbrecht, John Gribben, Mary Horowitz, S Percy Ivy, Caron A Jacobson, Armand Keating, Paul G Kluetz, Aviva Krauss, Yok Lam Kwong, Richard F Little, Francois-Xavier Mahon, Matthew J Matasar, María-Victoria Mateos, Kristen McCullough, Robert S Miller, Mohamad Mohty, Philippe Moreau, Lindsay M Morton, Sumimasa Nagai, Simon Rule, Jeff Sloan, Pieter Sonneveld, Carrie A Thompson, Kyriaki Tzogani, Flora E van Leeuwen, Galina Velikova, Diego Villa, John R Wingard, Sophie Wintrich, John F Seymour, Thomas M Habermann
Tremendous progress in treatment and outcomes has been achieved across the whole range of haematological malignancies in the past two decades. Although cure rates for aggressive malignancies have increased, nowhere has progress been more impactful than in the management of typically incurable forms of haematological cancer. Population-based data have shown that 5-year survival for patients with chronic myelogenous and chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, indolent B-cell lymphomas, and multiple myeloma has improved markedly...
June 12, 2018: Lancet Haematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907223/an-evidence-based-intraoperative-communication-tool-for-emergency-general-surgery-a-pilot-study
#18
Alexandra B Columbus, Manuel Castillo-Angeles, William R Berry, Adil H Haider, Ali Salim, Joaquim M Havens
BACKGROUND: Emergency general surgery (EGS) is characterized by high rates of morbidity and mortality. Though checklists and associated communication-based huddle strategies have improved outcomes, these tools have never been specifically examined in EGS. We hypothesized that use of an evidence-based communication tool aimed to trigger intraoperative discussion could improve communication in the EGS operating room (OR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We designed a set of discussion prompts based on modifiable factors identified from previously published studies aimed to encourage all team members to speak up and to centralize awareness of patient disposition and intraoperative transfusion practices...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907207/utilization-and-effectiveness-of-multimodal-discharge-analgesia-for-postoperative-pain-management
#19
Karishma Desai, Ian Carroll, Steven M Asch, Tina Seto, Kathryn M McDonald, Catherine Curtin, Tina Hernandez-Boussard
BACKGROUND: Although evidence-based guidelines recommend a multimodal approach to pain management, limited information exists on adherence to these guidelines and its association with outcomes in a generalized population. We sought to assess the association between discharge multimodal analgesia and postoperative pain outcomes in two diverse health care settings. METHODS: We evaluated patients undergoing four common surgeries associated with high pain in electronic health records from an academic hospital (AH) and Veterans Health Administration (VHA)...
August 2018: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29907112/a-systematic-review-of-stakeholder-views-of-selection-methods-for-medical-schools-admission
#20
M E Kelly, F Patterson, S O'Flynn, J Mulligan, A W Murphy
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to systematically review the literature with respect to stakeholder views of selection methods for medical school admissions. METHODS: An electronic search of nine databases was conducted between January 2000-July 2014. Two reviewers independently assessed all titles (n = 1017) and retained abstracts (n = 233) for relevance. Methodological quality of quantitative papers was assessed using the MERSQI instrument. The overall quality of evidence in this field was low...
June 15, 2018: BMC Medical Education
keyword
keyword
112855
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"