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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224219/measuring-school-functioning-in-students-with-chronic-fatigue-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#1
Michelle Tollit, Jennifer Politis, Sarah Knight
BACKGROUND: It is often surmised that school functioning is significantly impacted in chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS); however, how this phenomenon manifests itself has rarely been characterized. METHODS: This systematic review synthesized and critically appraised methods, constructs, and instruments used to assess school functioning in students with CFS. Searches were conducted in electronic databases (CINAHL, MEDLINE, PubMed, ERIC, and PsycINFO) to locate empirical studies that measured school functioning in children and adolescents with CFS...
January 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223435/atrial-fibrillation-decision-support-tool-population-perspective
#2
Mark H Eckman, Alexandru Costea, Mehran Attari, Jitender Munjal, Ruth E Wise, Carol Knochelmann, Matthew L Flaherty, Pete Baker, Robert Ireton, Brett M Harnett, Anthony C Leonard, Dylan Steen, Adam Rose, John Kues
BACKGROUND: Appropriate thromboprophylaxis for patients with atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter (AF) remains a national challenge. The recent availability of direct oral anticoagulants (DOACs) with comparable efficacy and improved safety compared with warfarin alters the balance between risk factors for stroke and benefit of anticoagulation. Our objective was to examine the impact of DOACs as an alternative to warfarin on the net benefit of oral anticoagulant therapy (OAT) in a real-world population of AF patients...
December 2017: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222741/exploratory-study-of-barriers-to-successful-office-contacts-for-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#3
Jayde T Hooven, Benjamin N Fogel, James G Waxmonsky, Deepa L Sekhar
The American Academy of Pediatrics published attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) guidelines, but significant variability exists in care. This exploratory study aimed to understand barriers to compliance with primary care office contacts for ADHD medication management. The study was conducted at a single academic medical center via retrospective chart review between 6/1/15 and 5/31/16 in combination with telephone interviews. Participants included 306 children 6-12 years old with an ADHD-related ICD-9/ICD-10 diagnosis...
December 8, 2017: Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222670/venetoclax-for-treating-chronic-lymphocytic-leukaemia-an-evidence-review-group-perspective-of-a-nice-single-technology-appraisal
#4
REVIEW
Hema Mistry, Chidozie Nduka, Martin Connock, Jill Colquitt, Theodoros Mantopoulos, Emma Loveman, Renata Walewska, James Mason
Venetoclax is licensed to treat relapsed or refractory (R/R) chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL). As part of the Single Technology Appraisal (STA) ID944, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) invited AbbVie, the manufacturer, to submit evidence on the use of venetoclax, within its licensed indication. The Evidence Review Group (ERG), Warwick Evidence, was asked to provide an independent and critical review of the submitted evidence. Evidence came from three single-arm trials in CLL patients with or without 17p deletion [del(17p])/TP53 chromosomal abnormalities...
December 8, 2017: PharmacoEconomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222563/quantitative-analysis-and-classification-of-the-nasal-base-using-a-parametric-model
#5
Christian H Barnes, Heidi Chen, Jason J Chen, Erica Su, Wesley J Moy, Brian J F Wong
Importance: The nasal base view is often overlooked in rhinoplasty analysis and, unlike lateral and frontal views, lacks detailed quantitative analysis and descriptors. While shape-category analysis of the nasal base is well established, these descriptive methods remain subjective and do not facilitate quantitative analysis. Objective: To establish a simple and quantitative classification scheme using a multiple-parameter numerical model for analyzing and describing the shape of the nasal base...
December 7, 2017: JAMA Facial Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221741/balloon-expandable-transaortic-transcatheter-aortic-valve-implantation-with-or-without-predilation
#6
Nikolaos Bonaros, Markus Kofler, Derk Frank, Riccardo Cocchieri, Dariusz Jagielak, Marco Aiello, Joel Lapeze, Mika Laine, Sidney Chocron, Douglas Muir, Walter Eichinger, Matthias Thielmann, Louis Labrousse, Vinayak Bapat, Kjell Arne Rein, Jean-Philippe Verhoye, Gino Gerosa, Hardy Baumbach, Cornelia Deutsch, Peter Bramlage, Martin Thoenes, Mauro Romano
OBJECTIVE: It has been reported that balloon aortic valvuloplasty immediately before transfemoral or transapical transcatheter aortic valve implantation has mostly little to no clinical value. We aimed to provide data on the need for balloon aortic valvuloplasty in patients undergoing transaortic transcatheter aortic valve implantation. METHODS: Patients undergoing transaortic transcatheter aortic valve implantation with the Edwards SAPIEN XT (Nyon, Switzerland) or 3 transcatheter heart valve were prospectively included at 18 sites across Europe...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221641/p53-expression-in-patients-with-renal-cell-carcinoma-correlates-with-a-higher-probability-of-disease-progression-and-increased-cancer-specific-mortality-after-surgery-but-does-not-enhance-the-predictive-accuracy-of-robust-outcome-models
#7
Laura Morshaeuser, Matthias May, Maximilian Burger, Wolfgang Otto, Georg C Hutterer, Martin Pichler, Tobias Klatte, Peter Wild, Lorenz Buser, Sabine Brookman-May
OBJECTIVE: Due to lacking external validation, molecular biomarkers are currently not applied for risk-stratification of patients with localized renal cell carcinoma. The objective of this study was to externally validate a molecular multi-marker panel included in a previously proposed prognostic nomogram for the prediction of postoperative disease-free survival. METHODS AND MATERIALS: Besides pathologic tumor stage (pT) and ECOG-Performance Status, the nomogram includes 5 molecular markers (Ki-67, p53, VEGFR-1 endothelial or epithelial, and VEGF-D epithelial)...
December 5, 2017: Urologic Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221535/outcomes-of-global-public-health-training-program-for-us-minority-students-a-case-report
#8
Noa Krawczyk, Luz Claudio
The numbers and success of minority students in science and the health fields remain relatively low. This study presents the outcomes of a research training program as an illustrative case study. The Short-Term Training Program for Minority Students (STPMS) recruits underrepresented minority undergraduate and graduate students for immersion in research training. A total of 69 students participated in the STPMS between 1995 and 2012, and 59 of these completed our survey to determine the perceived impact of the program on the students' motivations and professional development...
May 2017: Annals of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220384/rope-skipping-increases-bone-mineral-density-at-calcanei-of-pubertal-girls-in-hong-kong-a-quasi-experimental-investigation
#9
Amy S Ha, Johan Y Y Ng
Bone mineral accrual during puberty is important, especially in girls, because it is related to reduced risks of osteoporosis in adulthood. Previous research has shown that jumping or plyometric exercises may be effective in increasing bone mineral density in adolescents. Rope skipping is a form of activity that involves jumping, thus regular skipping may also increase bone mineral density in pubertal girls. To this end, we conducted a quasi-experimental to examine the effects of rope skipping on girls' bone mineral density and cardiovascular fitness...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29219876/effectiveness-of-patient-centered-interventions-on-falls-in-the-acute-care-setting-compared-to-usual-care-a-systematic-review
#10
Donna Avanecean, Dawn Calliste, Teresita Contreras, Yeogyeong Lim, Aileen Fitzpatrick
BACKGROUND: Unintentional falls during hospitalization remain a concern for healthcare institutions globally despite implementation of various improvement strategies. Although the incidence of falls has been of heightened focus for many years and numerous studies have been done evaluating different approaches for fall prevention, fall rates remain high in acute care settings. Patient fall risk scales tend to address only particular intrinsic and extrinsic factors but do not adequately assess a patient's current fall risk status, subsequently warranting more patient-centered risk assessments and interventions...
December 2017: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218957/impact-of-health-literacy-on-medication-adherence-in-older-people-with-chronic-diseases
#11
Yun-Mi Lee, Hye Yon Yu, Mi-Ae You, Youn-Jung Son
Medication adherence is a key factor of the therapy of chronic diseases in older people with chronic diseases. Inadequate health literacy results in poor health outcomes. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the effect of health literacy on medication adherence to provide information for improving health outcomes in older people with chronic disease. This was a cross-sectional study of older people (people aged over 65 years) with chronic diseases in Korea taking one or more medications for 6 months and over from an academic referral medical center...
2017: Collegian: Journal of the Royal College of Nursing, Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218886/clingen-cancer-somatic-working-group-standardizing-and-democratizing-access-to-cancer-molecular-diagnostic-data-to-drive-translational-research
#12
Subha Madhavan, Deborah Ritter, Christine Micheel, Shruti Rao, Angshumoy Roy, Dmitriy Sonkin, Matthew Mccoy, Malachi Griffith, Obi L Griffith, Peter Mcgarvey, Shashikant Kulkarni
A growing number of academic and community clinics are conducting genomic testing to inform treatment decisions for cancer patients (1). In the last 3-5 years, there has been a rapid increase in clinical use of next generation sequencing (NGS) based cancer molecular diagnostic (MolDx) testing (2). The increasing availability and decreasing cost of tumor genomic profiling means that physicians can now make treatment decisions armed with patient-specific genetic information. Accumulating research in the cancer biology field indicates that there is significant potential to improve cancer patient outcomes by effectively leveraging this rich source of genomic data in treatment planning (3)...
2018: Pacific Symposium on Biocomputing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218672/effect-of-academic-status-on-outcomes-of-surgery-for-rectal-cancer
#13
Kristen Cagino, Maria S Altieri, Jie Yang, Lizhou Nie, Mark Talamini, Konstantinos Spaniolas, Paula Denoya, Aurora Pryor
BACKGROUND: The purpose of our study was to investigate surgical outcomes following advanced colorectal procedures at academic versus community institutions. METHODS: The SPARCS database was used to identify patients undergoing Abdominoperineal resection (APR) and Low Anterior Resection between 2009 and 2014. Linear mixed models and generalized linear mixed models were used to compare outcomes. Laparoscopic versus open procedures, surgery type, volume status, and stoma formation between academic and community facilities were compared...
December 7, 2017: Surgical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218645/trajectories-of-italian-children-s-peer-rejection-associations-with-aggression-prosocial-behavior-physical-attractiveness-and-adolescent-adjustment
#14
Laura Di Giunta, Concetta Pastorelli, Eriona Thartori, Anna Silvia Bombi, Emma Baumgartner, Richard A Fabes, Carol Lynn Martin, Craig K Enders
In the present study, the predictors and outcomes associated with the trajectories of peer rejection were examined in a longitudinal sample of Italian children (338 boys, 269 girls) ages 10 to 14 years. Follow-up assessments included 60% of the original sample at age 16-17. Low, medium, and high rejection trajectory groups were identified using growth mixture models. Consistent with previous studies, we found that (a) being less prosocial and more physically aggressive at age 10 was characteristic of those children with the high rejection trajectory; (b) being less attractive was related to higher peer rejection from age 10 to 14; and (c) boys with a high rejection trajectory showed high levels of delinquency and anxiety-depression and low levels of academic aspiration at age 16-17, whereas girls with a high rejection trajectory showed low levels of academic aspiration and social competence at age 16-17...
December 8, 2017: Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217234/outcomes-following-three-factor-inactive-prothrombin-complex-concentrate-versus-recombinant-activated-factor-vii-administration-during-cardiac-surgery
#15
Patrick C Harper, Mark M Smith, Nathan J Brinkman, Melissa A Passe, Darrell R Schroeder, Sameh M Said, Gregory A Nuttall, William C Oliver, David W Barbara
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes following inactive prothrombin complex concentrate (PCC) or recombinant activated factor VII (rFVIIa) administration during cardiac surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective propensity-matched analysis. SETTING: Academic tertiary-care center. PARTICIPANTS: Patients undergoing cardiac surgery requiring cardiopulmonary bypass who received either rFVIIa or the inactive 3-factor PCC. INTERVENTIONS: Outcomes following intraoperative administration of rFVIIa (263) or factor IX complex (72) as rescue therapy to treat bleeding...
July 12, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217021/practice-patterns-in-the-interdisciplinary-management-of-corneal-abrasions
#16
Michael Ross, Jean Deschênes
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the treatment and follow-up patterns of corneal abrasions at an academic health centre. METHODS: This is a retrospective review of 90 cases of corneal abrasions over a 2-year period at a tertiary care academic hospital, of which 75 were seen by the ophthalmology department. All consultations primarily for corneal abrasion, as determined by the emergency department physician, were included in the study. Information on treatment regimen, corneal findings by emergency and ophthalmology physicians, time between follow-ups, and final outcomes was collected...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29217020/cataract-surgery-outcomes-and-complications-in-retinal-dystrophy-patients
#17
Emma C Davies, Roberto Pineda
OBJECTIVE: To investigate intraoperative complications, postoperative findings, and visual acuity outcomes in patients with retinal dystrophy after cataract surgery. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review at an academic tertiary referral centre. PARTICIPANTS: Thirty eyes from 18 patients with retinitis pigmentosa and other retinal dystrophies (Usher syndrome, Refsum disease, and Leber congenital amaurosis) who underwent cataract surgery were identified by searching the electronic medical record system from January 2010 to September 2015 for all patients treated by a single physician with billing codes for retinal dystrophy and cataract surgery...
December 2017: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology. Journal Canadien D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216782/reduction-in-central-line-associated-bloodstream-infections-correlated-with-the-introduction-of-a-novel-silver-plated-dressing-for-central-venous-catheters-and-maintained-for-6-years
#18
Rachel Karlnoski, Elia Charbel Abboud, Peggy Thompson, Asa Z Oxner, John T Sinnott, Jorge E Marcet
OBJECTIVE: To assess a novel silver-plated dressing (SD) for central venous catheters in comparison to chlorhexidine gluconate-impregnated sponge (CHGIS) dressings in preventing central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in adult intensive care unit (ICU) patients. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study. SETTING: Tampa General Hospital, an academic medical tertiary care center. PATIENTS: All adult ICU patients of an academic medical tertiary care center from January 2009 to December 2010...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216609/what-kinds-of-factors-affect-the-academic-outcomes-of-university-students-with-mental-disorders-a-retrospective-study-based-on-medical-records
#19
Terumi Ishii, Hirokazu Tachikawa, Yuki Shiratori, Takafumi Hori, Miyuki Aiba, Keisuke Kuga, Tetsuaki Arai
AIMS: University students that suffer from mental disorders seem to have difficulty graduating. Therefore, we investigated risk and protective factors of dropping out with the aim of improving such students' academic outcomes. METHODS: First, we statistically compared the academic outcomes of 203 undergraduate students who received treatment in the Department of Psychiatry of the Tsukuba University Health Center to those of matched controls. Second, clinical factors of 370 mentally ill students were statistically compared between the dropout and graduate groups...
December 2, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29216569/a-randomized-controlled-pilot-study-of-warm-handoff-versus-fax-referral-for-hospital-initiated-smoking-cessation-among-people-living-with-hiv-aids
#20
Laura M Mussulman, Babalola Faseru, Sharon Fitzgerald, Niaman Nazir, Vivek Patel, Kimber P Richter
INTRODUCTION: The prevalence of smoking among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) remains higher than the general population. Life expectancy among PLWHA has increased over the past decade, however, PLWHA who smoke will die younger than their non-smoking peers. The primary aim of this pilot study was to examine the effects of warm handoff versus fax referral to the quitline for smoking cessation among hospitalized smokers living with HIV/AIDS. METHODS: 25 smokers with a diagnosis of HIV/AIDS hospitalized at a Midwestern academic medical center in 2012-2013 (19 male; mean age=47...
November 26, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
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