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management of sigmoid volvulus

Kenan Büyükaşık, Bünyamin Gürbulak, Emre Özoran, Yiğit Düzköylü, Esin Kabul Gürbulak, Aziz Arı, Hasan Bektaş
A number of nontraumatic acute abdomen can result in peritonitis leading to sepsis. In emergent conditions, various procedures like segmentary colectomy and/or subtotal colectomy with anastomosis, Hartmann's procedure, transverse colectomy, and/or expandable metallic stent (SEMS) placement can be performed, considering the status of the patient and the facilitaties of the institution. In our study, we examined the cases diagnosed as acute abdomen without the history of trauma, which had lead to a procedure requiring colostomy...
December 2016: Indian Journal of Surgery
Jennifer M Nishimura, Ted Farzaneh, Alessio Pigazzi
This is a case of a 54-year-old gentleman who presented to an outside hospital emergency department with lower abdominal pain. Computed tomography imaging showed a small amount of intraperitoneal free air and cystic pneumatosis coli. He was admitted, managed conservatively with intravenous antibiotics, and then discharged home after his symptoms improved. Elective laparoscopic sigmoid colectomy was subsequently performed with intraoperative findings of partial sigmoid volvulus and extensive pneumatosis coli of the sigmoid colon...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Thomas J G Chase, Joshua Luck, Lauren S Harris, Gareth Bashir
A 68-year-old male nursing home resident presented following dislodgement of a percutaneous endoscopic colostomy (PEC) tube originally sited to prevent recurrent sigmoid volvulus. Computed tomography demonstrated tube migration into the lumen of the recto-sigmoid junction, where it remained for 12 days before passing spontaneously. During this period, the patient remained asymptomatic; the residual colocutaneous fistula functioned as a decompressive valve. Originally, the patient was due to be discharged with early flexible sigmoidoscopy follow-up...
January 6, 2017: Journal of Surgical Case Reports
Alireza Tavassoli, Ghodratollah Maddah, Sadjad Noorshafiee, Maryam Salehi, Shima Imannezhad, Ehsanollah Ghorbanian
Resection is the most common treatment choice for sigmoid volvulus, a common complication in our region. A new minimally invasive technique for sigmoid resection with local anesthesia was done in this study. This method is invented to avoid general on regional anesthesia in high-risk patients. Nineteen patients were evaluated and then 14 were enrolled in this study. Sigmoidectomy with a left lower quadrant incision was performed and demographic data, the length of hospital stay, complications and procedure time were recorded...
October 2016: Acta Medica Iranica
S Castañeda, I Molina, P Jaimes, J Beltrán, J Valero, F Fierro
INTRODUCTION: The aim of the present study was to evaluate clinical presentation and management of sigmoid volvulus in children. Sigmoid volvulus is one of the three leading causes of acute obstruction of the colon and is between 50 and 90% of all large bowel volvulus. In the pediatric population only 3 to 5% of bowel obstructions are caused by volvulus and there are less than 100 cases reported in the literature. The presence of a redundant sigmoid with a narrow mesentery (dolicosigmoide) is a prerequisite for the volvulus formation...
April 15, 2015: Cirugía Pediátrica: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Cirugía Pediátrica
Lucinda Frank, Alex Moran, Ceri Beaton
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Percutaneous endoscopic colostomy provides an alternative management option for patients with recurrent sigmoid volvulus who are considered too high risk to undergo surgery. We reviewed the literature to assess whether the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence guidelines published in 2006 supporting the use of percutaneous endoscopic colostomy are still valid. METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science, and Embase...
July 2016: Endoscopy International Open
Filippo Parolini, Paolo Orizio, Anna Lavinia Bulotta, Miguel Garcia Magne, Giovanni Boroni, Gianpaolo Cengia, Fabio Torri, Daniele Alberti
Sigmoid volvulus (SV) is extremely uncommon in children and is usually associated with a long-standing history of constipation or pseudo-obstruction. An early diagnosis and management are crucial in order to prevent the appearance of hemorrhagic infarction of the twisted loop, avoiding further complications such as necrosis, perforation and sepsis. In patients with no evidence of peritonitis or ischemic bowel, treatment starts with resuscitation and detorsion of the SV, accomplished by means of sigmoidoscopy and concomitant rectal tube placement...
June 25, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
Abhishek Ranjan, Vishesh Jain, Shilpa Sharma, Devendra Kumar Gupta
Sigmoid volvulus is a rare and potentially life-threatening condition that is usually seen in adults, however, when diagnosed in children, it is often associated with Hirschsprung's disease (HD). We report a case of an 11-year-old boy who presented with a history of constipation since 1.5 months of age, with acute onset of severe abdominal pain and marked distention of the abdomen. Sigmoid volvulus was suspected, detected and successfully managed with resection of the sigmoid colon and primary Scott Boley's pull-through...
May 26, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
L Perrot, A Fohlen, A Alves, J Lubrano
Colonic volvulus is the third leading cause of colonic obstruction worldwide, occurring at two principal locations: the sigmoid colon and cecum. In Western countries, sigmoid volvulus preferentially affects elderly men whereas cecal volvulus affects younger women. Some risk factors, such as chronic constipation, high-fiber diet, frequent use of laxatives, personal past history of laparotomy and anatomic predispositions, are common to both locations. Clinical symptomatology is non-specific, including a combination of abdominal pain, gaseous distention, and bowel obstruction...
June 2016: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Shariful Islam, Devin Hosein, Patrick Harnarayan, Vijay Naraynsingh
Colonic volvulus involving the caecum and splenic flexure of the colon is an extremely rare surgical entity and, as a result, it is rarely entertained as a differential diagnosis for large bowel obstruction. The most common site of volvulus is located at the sigmoid colon (75%) followed by caecum (22%). Rare sites of colonic volvulus include the transverse colon (about 2%) and splenic flexure (1-2%). Synchronous double colonic volvulus is very rare. The presentation of this condition can be similar to the signs and symptoms of large bowel obstruction...
January 18, 2016: BMJ Case Reports
Salamat Khan, Pranil Rai, Gorakh Misra
INTRODUCTION: Prophylactic use of intra-peritoneal drain is commonly practiced by surgeons in the hope of early detection of complication and reducing mortality and morbidity. The aim of the study was to determine evidence based value of prophylactic drainage of peritoneal cavity in cases of secondary peritonitis and resection and anastomosis of small and large bowel. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and seventy one (171) cases were included in the study from March 2012-May 2013 that underwent laparotomy for peptic ulcer perforation (PUP), simple and complicated acute appendicitis (appendicular perforation with localized/generalized peritonitis), small bowel obstruction (SBO) and sigmoid volvulus, traumatic and non-traumatic perforation of small and large bowel...
October 2015: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Ahmed M Al Maksoud, Adel K Barsoum, Mohamed M Moneer
INTRODUCTION: Sigmoid volvulus is a rare cause of intestinal obstruction during pregnancy associated with high maternal and foetal mortality. Effective management represents a challenge due to delayed presentation, obstructive symptoms regarded as pregnancy-related and hesitation in using radiological evaluation. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We report a case of a lady, pregnant for 26 weeks and with a 5 day history of abdominal pain and constipation. She underwent concomitant caesarean section and laparotomy for intestinal obstruction...
2015: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Daan van Poll, Sjoerd A de Beer, Justin R de Jong, Hugo A Heij
In children with no prior history of abdominal surgery and no signs of intussusception or incarcerated inguinal hernia, mechanical ileus may have a congenital cause such as malrotation with volvulus or a persistent omphalomesenteric duct. Acquired causes include sigmoid volvulus. We present two cases of mechanical ileus in children. The first case involved a 6-year-old boy who presented with acute abdominal pain and vomiting. An emergency laparotomy was performed, with resection of the omphalomesenteric duct...
2015: Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
Siong-Seng Liau, Charlotte Cope, Malcolm MacFarlane, Neil Keeling
Pneumatosis intestinalis (PI) is a condition characterised by gas-filled cystic malformations on the intestinal wall. It is often secondary to an underlying disease process. We describe the case of a 76-year-old gentleman who presented with intermittent abdominal pain, altered bowel habits and weight loss. Barium enema was unremarkable, apart from sigmoid diverticulosis. CT scan found evidence of pneumatosis on small bowel walls with benign pneumoperitoneum. As there was no sign of intra-abdominal crisis, he was initially treated conservatively...
February 2009: Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology
P A Ba, B Diop, S A Soumah
The aim of this study is to report our experience in the management of sigmoid volvulus in a tropical environment. This retrospective study covers the period from June 1, 2010, to December 31, 2013, in the department of emergency surgery at the regional hospital of Thiés: 40 patients were admitted with sigmoid volvulus: 36 men and 4 women, with a mean age of 45 years (20-89 years). Twelve had chronic constipation. All four signs of occlusion were present in 72.5% of cases. Abdominal radiography confirmed the diagnosis in all cases...
July 2015: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
Philip Blasto Ooko, Betty Sirera, Seno Saruni, Hillary Mariko Topazian, Russell White
INTRODUCTION: Acute mechanical intestinal obstruction (IO) is one of the leading causes of surgical admissions in most emergency departments worldwide. The causes of IO vary significantly depending on geographical location. The aim of this study was to identify the etiology, management and outcomes of patients with acute mechanical IO presenting in south-western Kenya. METHODS: A 4 year (November 2009-October 2013) retrospective review of all adult patients admitted with acute mechanical IO at Tenwek Hospital in Bomet, Kenya...
2015: Pan African Medical Journal
M Bruzzi, J H Lefèvre, B Desaint, I Nion-Larmurier, M Bennis, N Chafai, E Tiret, Y Parc
AIM: The best form of prophylactic management of a decompressed sigmoid volvulus (SV) is controversial especially in the elderly. We have studied our experience with this condition to assess the short- and long-term results of SV management. METHOD: All patients treated for SV in our department between 2003 and 2013 were retrospectively included. Emergency decompression was attempted in all patients in whom there was no sign of peritonitis. Planned surgical resection was the procedure of choice in young patients...
October 2015: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Phillipo L Chalya, Joseph B Mabula
BACKGROUND: Sigmoid volvulus is a common cause of intestinal obstruction in developing countries where it affects relatively young people compared to developed countries. No prospective study has been done on this subject in Tanzania and Bugando Medical Centre in particular. This study describes in our region, the clinical presentation, management and outcome of sigmoid volvulus. METHODS: This was a descriptive prospective study of patients operated for sigmoid volvulus at Bugando Medical Centre from March 2009 to February 2014...
2015: World Journal of Emergency Surgery: WJES
B Gignoux, A Pasquer, A Vulliez, T Lanz
INTRODUCTION: The application of a fast-track recovery program after surgery can decrease the physiological impact of surgery and reduce the duration of hospitalisation compared to conventional care. This program has permitted us to consider the performance of colectomy on an outpatient basis. METHOD: After analyzing the recommendations for fast-track recovery, we developed and validated a specific protocol. Drawing on extensive experience in ambulatory surgery (inguinal hernia, cholecystectomy, adjustable gastric-banding), we formalized a protocol for outpatient colectomy...
February 2015: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Jagpal Singh Klair, M Girotra, S Medarametla, H R Shah
We present a case of a middle-aged patient presenting with acute onset abdominal pain and distension who had signs of bowel obstruction on physical exam. He was afebrile, hemodynamically stable with no peritoneal signs. Abdominal radiograph and CT scan were pathognomic for sigmoid volvulus. Through this case report we want to discuss the presentation, diagnosis, management options for sigmoid volvulus and importance of features suggestive of ischemic bowel that necessitates different management options.
November 2014: Journal of the Arkansas Medical Society
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