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Nutrition in adolescents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28105511/bone-density-in-the-obese-child-clinical-considerations-and-diagnostic-challenges
#1
Jennifer C Kelley, Nicola Crabtree, Babette S Zemel
The prevalence of obesity in children has reached epidemic proportions. Concern about bone health in obese children, in part, derives from the potentially increased fracture risk associated with obesity. Additional risk factors that affect bone mineral accretion, may also contribute to obesity, such as low physical activity and nutritional factors. Consequences of obesity, such as inflammation, insulin resistance, and non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, may also affect bone mineral acquisition, especially during the adolescent years when rapid increases in bone contribute to attaining peak bone mass...
January 20, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104469/culturally-grounded-diabetes-prevention-program-for-obese-latino-youth-rationale-design-and-methods
#2
A N Williams, Y P Konopken, C S Keller, F G Castro, K Arcoleo, E Barraza, D L Patrick, M L Olson, G Q Shaibi
BACKGROUND: Type 2 diabetes (T2D) disproportionately impacts Latino youth yet few diabetes prevention programs address this important source of health disparities. OBJECTIVES: To address this knowledge gap, we describe the rationale, design, and methodology underpinning a culturally-grounded T2D prevention program for obese Latino youth. The study aims to: 1) to test the efficacy of the intervention for reducing T2D risk, 2) explore potential mediators and moderators of changes in health behaviors and health outcomes and, 3) examine the incremental cost-effectiveness for reducing T2D risk...
January 16, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28098048/folate-and-vitamin-b12-concentrations-are-associated-with-plasma-dha-and-epa-fatty-acids-in-european-adolescents-the-healthy-lifestyle-in-europe-by-nutrition-in-adolescence-helena-study
#3
I Iglesia, I Huybrechts, M González-Gross, T Mouratidou, J Santabárbara, V Chajès, E M González-Gil, J Y Park, S Bel-Serrat, M Cuenca-García, M Castillo, M Kersting, K Widhalm, S De Henauw, M Sjöström, F Gottrand, D Molnár, Y Manios, A Kafatos, M Ferrari, P Stehle, A Marcos, F J Sánchez-Muniz, L A Moreno
This study aimed to examine the association between vitamin B6, folate and vitamin B12 biomarkers and plasma fatty acids in European adolescents. A subsample from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence study with valid data on B-vitamins and fatty acid blood parameters, and all the other covariates used in the analyses such as BMI, Diet Quality Index, education of the mother and physical activity assessed by a questionnaire, was selected resulting in 674 cases (43 % males). B-vitamin biomarkers were measured by chromatography and immunoassay and fatty acids by enzymatic analyses...
January 18, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28087266/assessment-of-sex-differences-in-body-composition-among-adolescents-with-anorexia-nervosa
#4
Jason M Nagata, Neville H Golden, Rebecka Peebles, Jin Long, Stuart B Murray, Mary B Leonard, Jennifer L Carlson
PURPOSE: To compare deficits in fat mass (FM) and lean body mass (LM) among male and female adolescents with anorexia nervosa (AN) and to identify other covariates associated with body composition. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed electronic medical records of all subjects aged 9-20 years with a Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition diagnosis of AN and dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry scans after initial evaluation at Stanford between March 1997 and February 2011...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081054/quickstats-prevalence-of-untreated-dental-caries-%C3%A2-in-permanent-teeth-among-children-and-adolescents-aged-6-19-years-by-age-group-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-united-states-2011-2014
#5
(no author information available yet)
During 2011-2014, 13.3% of children and adolescents aged 6-19 years had untreated dental caries in their permanent teeth. The percentage of children and adolescents with untreated dental caries increased with age: 6.1% among those aged 6-11 years, 14.5% among those aged 12-15 years, and 22.6% among those aged 16-19 years.
January 13, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076923/how-schools-can-promote-healthy-development-for-newly-arrived-immigrant-and-refugee-adolescents-research-priorities
#6
Clea A McNeely, Lyn Morland, S Benjamin Doty, Laurie L Meschke, Summer Awad, Altaf Husain, Ayat Nashwan
BACKGROUND: The US education system must find creative and effective ways to foster the healthy development of the approximately 2 million newly arrived immigrant and refugee adolescents, many of whom contend with language barriers, limited prior education, trauma, and discrimination. We identify research priorities for promoting the school success of these youth. METHODS: The study used the 4-phase priority-setting method of the Child Health and Nutrition Research Initiative...
February 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28075147/evaluating-the-efficacy-of-the-feeding-exercise-randomized-trial-in-overweight-and-obese-adolescents
#7
Anna Patsopoulou, Zoi Tsimtsiou, Antonios Katsioulis, Eleni Malissiova, George Rachiotis, Christos Hadjichristodoulou
BACKGROUND: The Feeding Exercise Trial in Adolescents (FETA) aimed to evaluate whether a community-based, parents-involving, combined physical activity and nutritional education program was effective in improving adiposity profiles in overweight and obese adolescents. METHODS: A total of 181 overweight and obese adolescents aged 13-15 years old were randomized in the three study groups ("Diet & Activity," "Activity," and Control). The Activity intervention included a 45-minute, 3-day per week supervised training program, while the Diet & Activity intervention included a supplementary 15 minutes of group-based sessions attended by the parents...
January 11, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073713/the-french-muskoka%C3%A2-fund-origin-objectives-and-implementation
#8
S Aboubaker, C Grimaldi
Through its Priority Solidarity Fund, France set up a partnership with four United Nations agencies, WHO, UNICEF, UNFPA, and UN WOMEN for the years 2011-2015 with an annual budget of 19 M €. An additional sixth year supplementary is underway. The program was developed through a common framework of actions coordinated and harmonized at the level of the target countries: integrated management of childhood diseases, mother-child nutrition, prenatal, perinatal, and postpartum follow-up, sexual and reproductive health, and adolescent health...
November 1, 2016: Médecine et Santé Tropicales
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28073617/district-policies-and-practices-vary-in-their-association-with-adolescents-consumption-of-milk-and-100-fruit-juice
#9
Sarah A Sliwa, Gabrielle F Miller, Nancy D Brener, Sohyun Park, Caitlin L Merlo
PURPOSE: Researchers previously examined the relationship between school beverage policies and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption. This study addressed a research gap by examining cross-sectional associations between district-level policies and practices and U.S. high school students' consumption of milk and 100% fruit juice. METHODS: Data from the 2012 School Health Policies and Practices Study and 2013 Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System were linked for 12 large urban school districts...
January 7, 2017: Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070750/examining-trends-in-prediabetes-and-its-relationship-with-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-us-adolescents-1999-2014
#10
Arthur M Lee, Cyrelle R Fermin, Stephanie L Filipp, Matthew J Gurka, Mark D DeBoer
AIMS: We sought to investigate temporal trends in prediabetes prevalence among US adolescents using two definitions and evaluate relationships with obesity and a MetS-severity score. METHODS: We evaluated data from 5418 non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic adolescents aged 12-19 participating in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2014 with complete data regarding MetS and hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c). Prediabetes status was defined by American Diabetes Association (ADA) criteria: fasting glucose 100-125 mg/dL or HbA1c 5...
January 9, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069900/impact-of-donor-and-recipient-adiposity-on-feto-placental-growth-in-adolescent-sheep
#11
Jacqueline M Wallace, John S Milne, Clare L Adam, Raymond P Aitken
The influence of maternal obesity during oocyte development and its putative interaction with nutrient reserves at conception on pregnancy outcome were examined in an adolescent sheep model. Donor ewes were nutritionally managed to achieve contrasting adiposity (control [CD]/obese [ObD]) for 6 weeks prior to superovulation, and inseminated by a non-obese sire. Morulae from 6 CD and 7 ObD were transferred in singleton into adolescent recipients of identical age but differing adiposity, classified as relatively fat or thin, respectively...
January 9, 2017: Reproduction: the Official Journal of the Society for the Study of Fertility
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069093/development-and-evaluation-of-a-nutrition-transition-ffq-for-adolescents-in-south-india
#12
Nida I Shaikh, Jennifer K Frediani, Usha Ramakrishnan, Shailaja S Patil, Kathryn M Yount, Reynaldo Martorell, Km Venkat Narayan, Solveig A Cunningham
OBJECTIVE: To develop and evaluate a Nutrition Transition-FFQ (NT-FFQ) to measure nutrition transition among adolescents in South India. DESIGN: We developed an interviewer-administered NT-FFQ comprising a 125-item semi-quantitative FFQ and a twenty-seven-item eating behaviour survey. The reproducibility and validity of the NT-FFQ were assessed using Spearman correlations, intra-class correlation coefficients (ICC), and levels of agreement using Bland-Altman and cross-classification over 2 months (NT-FFQ1 and NT-FFQ2)...
January 10, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28068960/nutritional-status-among-primary-school-children-in-rural-sri-lanka-a-public-health-challenge-for-a-country-with-high-child-health-standards
#13
N P G C R Naotunna, M Dayarathna, H Maheshi, G S Amarasinghe, V S Kithmini, M Rathnayaka, L Premachandra, N Premarathna, P C Rajasinghe, G Wijewardana, T C Agampodi, S B Agampodi
BACKGROUND: Nutritional status of pre adolescent children is not widely studied in Sri Lanka. The purpose of this study was to determine the nutritional status among pre-adolescent school children in a rural province of Sri Lanka. METHODS: A school based cross sectional study was carried out in North Central Province in 100 rural schools, selected using multi stage cluster sampling with probability proportionate to size. Children in grade one to five were enrolled with a maximum cluster size of fifty...
January 10, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065734/laparoscopic-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-in-adolescents-with-severe-obesity-amos-a-prospective-5-year-swedish-nationwide-study
#14
Torsten Olbers, Andrew J Beamish, Eva Gronowitz, Carl-Erik Flodmark, Jovanna Dahlgren, Gustaf Bruze, Kerstin Ekbom, Peter Friberg, Gunnar Göthberg, Kajsa Järvholm, Jan Karlsson, Staffan Mårild, Martin Neovius, Markku Peltonen, Claude Marcus
BACKGROUND: Severe obesity in adolescence is associated with reduced life expectancy and impaired quality of life. Long-term benefits of conservative treatments in adolescents are known to be modest, whereas short-term outcomes of adolescent bariatric surgery are promising. We aimed to compare 5-year outcomes of adolescent surgical patients after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass with those of conservatively treated adolescents and of adults undergoing Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, in the Adolescent Morbid Obesity Surgery (AMOS) study...
January 5, 2017: Lancet Diabetes & Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063258/eating-attitudes-and-its-relationship-with-nutritional-status-a-micro-level-study-on-a-group-of-adolescent-girls-in-the-city-of-howrah-west-bengal
#15
Nadira Mallick, Susmita Mukhopadhyay, Subha Ray
BACKGROUND: To assess the relationship between eating attitudes and nutritional status. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among 400 adolescent girls (258 aged 14-17 years and 142 aged 18-21 years) from the city of Howrah, West Bengal. Eating attitude was measured using eating distress syndrome (EDS) questionnaire. Nutritional status was assessed using body mass index, waist-hip ratio (WHR) and body fat percentage (BF%). RESULTS: Participants with disordered eating attitudes revealed significantly higher values for body mass index (BMI), WHR and BF% than those with normal eating attitudes (p≤0...
January 7, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058532/comparison-of-definitions-for-the-metabolic-syndrome-in-adolescents-the-helena-study
#16
Tine Vanlancker, Emmily Schaubroeck, Krishna Vyncke, Cristina Cadenas-Sanchez, Christina Breidenassel, Marcela González-Gross, Frederic Gottrand, Luis A Moreno, Laurent Beghin, Denes Molnár, Yannis Manios, Marc J Gunter, Kurt Widhalm, Catherine Leclercq, Jean Dallongeville, Marcos Ascensión, Anthony Kafatos, Manuel J Castillo, Stefaan De Henauw, Francisco B Ortega, Inge Huybrechts
: Various definitions are used to define metabolic syndrome in adolescents. This study aimed to compare, in terms of prevalence and differences, five frequently used definitions for this population: International Diabetes Federation, National Cholesterol Education Program Adult Treatment Panel III (NCEP-ATP) modified by Cook, pediatric American Heart Association (AHA), World Health Organization, and Jolliffe and Janssen. A sample of 1004 adolescents (12.5-17.0 years) from the Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence (HELENA) study was considered...
February 2017: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053924/association-between-periodontal-condition-and-nutritional-status-of-brazilian-adolescents-a-population-based-study
#17
Alessandro L Cavalcanti, Ianny A Ramos, Andreia M R Cardoso, Liege Helena F Fernandes, Amanda S Aragão, Fábio G Santos, Yêska P C Aguiar, Danielle F Carvalho, Carla C M Medeiros, Renata De S C Soares, Ricardo D Castro
BACKGROUND: Obesity is a serious problem of public health and affects all socio-economic groups, irrespective of age, sex or ethnicity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between periodontal condition and nutritional status of adolescents. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study using a probability cluster sampling, and the sample was defined by statistical criterion, consisting of 559 students aged 15-19 yr enrolled in public schools of adolescents of Campina Grande, PB, Brazil in 2012...
December 2016: Iranian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050995/anaemia-in-adolescent-girls-an-intervention-of-diet-editing-and-counselling
#18
Andezhath K Susheela, Rashmi Gupta, Nisith K Mondal
BACKGROUND: Though a major public health problem of nutritional anaemia in schoolchildren is being addressed by iron supplementation and/or fortified food, they continue to be anaemic. We aimed to study the effect of fluoride consumption on haemoglobin levels and whether elimination of fluoride from the diet would correct anaemia in children. METHODS: Two hundred and fifty adolescent girls, 10-17 years of age, from a government senior secondary girls school in East Delhi, participated in the programme...
July 2016: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050409/prevalence-of-anaemia-and-its-associated-risk-factors-among-adolescent-girls-of-central-kerala
#19
P M Siva, A Sobha, V D Manjula
INTRODUCTION: Adolescent age group is the window of opportunity to correct nutritional status of children. If we intervene correctly during this period we can prevent future consequences of nutritional deficiencies. Very few studies have been conducted in kerala regarding adolescent anaemia. AIM: To estimate prevalence of anaemia and its associated factors among adolescent girls of central Kerala, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 257 adolescent girls of ettumanoor panchayat, the field practice area of Government Medical College, Kottayam...
November 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049743/alternative-indexes-to-estimate-the-functional-capacity-from-the-6-minute-walk-test-in-children-and-adolescents-with-cystic-fibrosis
#20
Renata Tiemi Okuro, Maria Angela Gonçalves de Oliveira Ribeiro, José Dirceu Ribeiro, Rafaela Coelho Minsky, Camila Isabel Santos Schivinski
BACKGROUND: Cystic fibrosis is a multi-systemic disease related to reduced functional capacity. The distance covered in the 6-min walk test (6MWT) has been known to assess functional capacity, but little is known about other indexes that can be derived. We sought to compare the performance during the 6MWT and the estimated indexes of functional capacity from the 6MWT between subjects with cystic fibrosis (CF) and healthy individuals as well as to assess the relationship among these indexes and disease severity, pulmonary function, and nutritional status in CF...
January 3, 2017: Respiratory Care
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