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Nutrition in adolescents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921373/association-between-the-prevalence-of-dental-caries-in-children-and-factors-related-to-their-mothers
#1
B-M Shin, D-Y Park
OBJECTIVES: We assessed the association between the socio-economic, behavioural, psychological and oral health status factors of Korean mothers with the status of dental caries in their children using nationwide representative data from the Fourth Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. METHODS: Children were categorized into child (CG, 6-11 years) and adolescent (AG, 12-18 years) groups. Responses from both the child and his/her mother were included in the analysis...
December 6, 2016: International Journal of Dental Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917483/it-takes-a-village-promoting-parent-and-family-education-on-healthy-lifestyles-for-minnesota-secondary-students
#2
Mary O Hearst, Qi Wang, Katherine Grannon, Cynthia S Davey, Marilyn S Nanney
BACKGROUND: This study examines school strategies to educate parents over time about physical activity and nutrition and how those strategies are related to adolescent health behaviors. METHODS: Data from the Minnesota School Health Profiles Lead Health Education Teacher survey (2008-2012) and the Minnesota Student Survey (MSS, 2013) included provisions for parent education about physical activity and nutrition and student physical activity and dietary intake behaviors...
January 2017: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27916891/comparison-of-site-specific-bone-mineral-densities-between-endurance-runners-and-sprinters-in-adolescent-women
#3
Aoi Ikedo, Aya Ishibashi, Saori Matsumiya, Aya Kaizaki, Kumiko Ebi, Satoshi Fujita
We aimed to compare site-specific bone mineral densities (BMDs) between adolescent endurance runners and sprinters and examine the relationship of fat-free mass (FFM) and nutrient intake on BMD. In this cross-sectional study, 37 adolescent female endurance runners and sprinters (16.1 ± 0.8 years) were recruited. BMD and FFM were assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Nutrient intake and menstrual state were evaluated by questionnaires. After adjusting for covariates, spine and total bone less head (TBLH) BMDs were significantly higher in sprinters than endurance runners (TBLH, 1...
November 30, 2016: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912975/patient-reported-swedish-nationwide-outcomes-of-children-and-adolescents-with-total-colonic-aganglionosis
#4
Pernilla Stenström, Matilda Brautigam, Helena Borg, Christina Graneli, Helene Engstrand Lilja, Tomas Wester
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to evaluate the nationwide outcome of children with total colonic aganglionosis (TCA) during the last 20years. METHODS: This was an observational, cross-sectional study where all patients with TCA, including aganglionosis of 0-50cm of ileum, born in Sweden 1995-2014 were included. Data were collected from the medical records. Patients >4years old without stoma answered a questionnaire regarding bowel function (bowel function score, BFS, score 1-20), medical treatment and nutrition...
November 17, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27912974/pulmonary-function-and-nutritional-morbidity-in-children-and-adolescents-with-congenital-diaphragmatic-hernia
#5
Beth Haliburton, Marialena Mouzaki, Monping Chiang, Vikki Scaini, Margaret Marcon, Wenming Duan, David Wilson, Priscilla Pl Chiu, Theo J Moraes
BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is common among congenital diaphragmatic hernia (CDH) survivors and may result from elevated respiratory effort. We evaluated body mass index (BMI), measured resting energy expenditure (mREE) and pulmonary function test (PFT) results in children and adolescents with CDH to determine if there is a correlation. METHODS: With ethics approval (REB# 1000035323), anthropometrics, indirect calorimetry (IC) results and PFTs were collected from patients 5-17years of age during CDH clinic visits between 2000 and 2016...
November 14, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900427/the-impact-of-excess-body-fat-on-bone-remodeling-in-adolescents
#6
L N Mosca, T B L Goldberg, V N da Silva, C S Kurokawa, A C B Rizzo, C C da Silva, A Dos Santos Teixeira, J E Corrente
: The impact of excess body fat on bone remodeling was evaluated in overweight, obese, and extremely obese adolescents. In adolescents with excess weight, it was observed that the higher the bone mineral content and bone mineral density values, the lower the levels of the biomarkers. Nutritional imbalances by excess had a negative effect on bone formation in this stage of life. INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of excess body fat on bone remodeling in adolescents...
November 30, 2016: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891415/urban-rural-comparison-of-anthropometry-and-menarcheal-status-of-adolescent-school-going-girls-of-jodhpur-rajasthan-india
#7
Shyama Choudhary, Satyendra Khichar, Dhanraj Dabi, Manish Parakh, Pawan K Dara, Poonam Parakh, Suyasha Vyas, Bindu Deopa
INTRODUCTION: Adolescence is the formative period of life. Poor adolescent health translates into poor maternal health leading to increased maternal morbidity with inter-generational consequences. AIM: To compare anthropometric, socio-demographic, menstrual and nutritional status of rural and urban adolescent school going girls of Western Rajasthan, India. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional comparative study was conducted in two rural schools and one urban school of Jodhpur region...
October 2016: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27887752/changes-in-plasma-fatty-acid-composition-are-associated-with-improvements-in-obesity-and-related-metabolic-disorders-a-therapeutic-approach-to-overweight-adolescents
#8
Marcela Guerendiain, Rosa Montes, Gemma López-Belmonte, Miguel Martín-Matillas, Ana I Castellote, Elena Martín-Bautista, Amelia Martí, J Alfredo Martínez, Luis Moreno, Jesús Mª Garagorri, Julia Wärnberg, Javier Caballero, Ascensión Marcos, M Carmen López-Sabater, Cristina Campoy
BACKGROUND & AIMS: In recent years, obesity has reached alarming levels among children and adolescents. The study of plasma fatty acid (FA) composition, as a reflection of diet, and its associations with other parameters, that are closely linked to obesity and the cardiometabolic profile, may be useful for setting nutritional goals for obesity treatment and prevention. This study explored the relationship between plasma FA levels and body fat and cardiometabolic risk markers, in overweight adolescents...
November 11, 2016: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27886704/position-of-the-academy-of-nutrition-and-dietetics-vegetarian-diets
#9
Vesanto Melina, Winston Craig, Susan Levin
It is the position of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics that appropriately planned vegetarian, including vegan, diets are healthful, nutritionally adequate, and may provide health benefits for the prevention and treatment of certain diseases. These diets are appropriate for all stages of the life cycle, including pregnancy, lactation, infancy, childhood, adolescence, older adulthood, and for athletes. Plant-based diets are more environmentally sustainable than diets rich in animal products because they use fewer natural resources and are associated with much less environmental damage...
December 2016: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884414/low-muscle-mass-is-associated-with-metabolic-syndrome-in-korean-adolescents-the-korea-national-health-and-nutrition-examination-survey-2009-2011
#10
Jeong-Hyeon Kim, Yong Soon Park
Little is known about the relationship between low muscle mass (LMM) and metabolic risk factors in adolescents. We hypothesized that LMM in adolescents is associated with metabolic syndrome (MetS) and its components in Korean adolescents. This cross-sectional study included 1420 participants (749 males and 671 females), aged 12 to 19 years, who participated in the 2009-2011 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys. Appendicular skeletal muscle mass was divided by body weight, and any value below the lower quintile of the study population, according to each age and sex category, was considered to represent LMM...
November 3, 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27881390/dietary-quality-of-the-us-child-and-adolescent-population-trends-from-1999-to-2012-and-associations-with-the-use-of-federal-nutrition-assistance-programs
#11
Xiao Gu, Katherine L Tucker
BACKGROUND: The state of the economy, changes in federal food assistance programs, and policies related to nutrition and the food supply in the United States may influence dietary quality in children and adolescents. OBJECTIVE: We investigated dietary quality trends from 1999 to 2012 in the US child and adolescent population and their associations with socioeconomic status and participation in federal food assistance programs. DESIGN: In this study, a nationally representative sample of 38,487 children and adolescents, aged 2-18 y, in the NHANES from 1999 to 2012 were included...
November 23, 2016: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27878848/the-effectiveness-of-the-cope-healthy-lifestyles-teen-program-a-school-based-intervention-in-middle-school-adolescents-with-12-month-follow-up
#12
Aysun Ardic, Semra Erdogan
AIM: The goal of this study is to assess the applicability and long-term effectiveness of the T-COPE Healthy TEEN program on adolescent health. BACKGROUND: Obesity and mental health disorders are major public health problems in adolescents. In this context, including long-term and multiple behavioural obesity prevention programs are becoming increasingly important. DESIGN: A quasi-experimental design with pre-test/post-test control group and repeated measurements METHODS: Eighty-seven (45 in intervention group, 42 in control group) adolescents were included from two different middle schools in the intervention program...
November 23, 2016: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27873431/hypoglycemia-is-common-in-children-with-cystic-fibrosis-and-seen-predominantly-in-females
#13
Belma Haliloglu, Yasemin Gokdemir, Zeynep Atay, Saygin Abali, Tulay Guran, Fazilet Karakoc, Refika Ersu, Bulent Karadag, Serap Turan, Abdullah Bereket
OBJECTIVE: To determine the prevalence of hypoglycemia in children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis (CF) in 2-hour oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) under free-living conditions. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: Height, weight, body mass index (BMI), hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), and Forced expiratory volume (FEV1%) were measured in children with CF (aged 5-18 years). Following OGTT, CGM was installed for 3 days. The total hypoglycemic and hyperglycemic time (%) during 3 days was measured...
November 22, 2016: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872168/accurate-carbohydrate-counting-is-an-important-determinant-of-postprandial-glycemia-in-children-and-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-on-insulin-pump-therapy
#14
Asma Deeb, Ahlam Al Hajeri, Iman Alhmoudi, Nico Nagelkerke
BACKGROUND: Carbohydrate (CHO) counting is a key nutritional intervention utilized in the management of diabetes to optimize postprandial glycemia. The aim of the study was to examine the impact of accuracy of CHO counting on the postprandial glucose in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes on insulin pump therapy. METHODS: Children/adolescents with type 1 diabetes who were on insulin pump therapy for a minimum of 6 months are enrolled in the study. Patients were instructed to record details of meals consumed, estimated CHO count per meal, and 2-hour postprandial glucose readings over 3-5 days...
November 20, 2016: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872037/internet-based-delivery-of-evidence-based-health-promotion-programs-among-american-indian-and-alaska-native-youth-a-case-study
#15
Christine M Markham, Stephanie Craig Rushing, Cornelia Jessen, Gwenda Gorman, Jennifer Torres, William E Lambert, Alexander V Prokhorov, Leslie Miller, Kelly Allums-Featherston, Robert C Addy, Melissa F Peskin, Ross Shegog
BACKGROUND: American Indian and Alaska Native (AI/AN) youth face multiple health challenges compared to other racial/ethnic groups, which could potentially be ameliorated by the dissemination of evidence-based adolescent health promotion programs. Previous studies have indicated that limited trained personnel, cultural barriers, and geographic isolation may hinder the reach and implementation of evidence-based health promotion programs among AI/AN youth. Although Internet access is variable in AI/AN communities across the United States, it is swiftly and steadily improving, and it may provide a viable strategy to disseminate evidence-based health promotion programs to this underserved population...
November 21, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865810/improvement-of-anthropometric-and-biochemical-but-not-of-vitamin-a-status-in-adolescents-who-undergo-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-a-1-year-follow-up-study
#16
Jacqueline Souza Silva, Gabriela Villaça Chaves, Ana Paula Stenzel, Silvia Elaine Pereira, Carlos José Saboya, Andréa Ramalho
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to describe anthropometric, biochemical, co-morbidity, and vitamin A nutritional status in severely obese adolescents before and 30, 180, and 365 days after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB). SETTING: Federal University of Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. METHODS: Sixty-four adolescents (15-19 years old) with a body mass index≥40 kg/m(2) were enrolled in a prospective follow-up study. Vitamin A status was evaluated before surgery (T0), and 30 (T30), 180 (T180), and 365 (T365) days after surgery, applying biochemical and functional indicators...
September 12, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865357/younger-and-older-ages-and-obesity-are-associated-with-energy-intake-underreporting-but-not-overreporting-in-japanese-boys-and-girls-aged-1-19-years-the-national-health-and-nutrition-survey
#17
Kentaro Murakami, M Barbara E Livingstone, Hitomi Okubo, Satoshi Sasaki
Evidence on the magnitude and nature of misreporting of food intake in non-Western children and adolescents is sparse. We investigated the hypothesis that under- and overreporting of energy intake (EI) is prevalent and associated with some characteristics in 3866 Japanese boys and girls aged 1-19 years using data from the 2012 National Health and Nutrition Survey, Japan. Each individual's EI was calculated based on a 1-day semiweighed household dietary record, including information on approximate proportions by which each dish was divided among the family members...
October 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863001/dietary-quality-and-household-food-insecurity-among-mexican-children-and-adolescents
#18
Luis A Rodríguez, Verónica Mundo-Rosas, Ignacio Méndez-Gómez-Humarán, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Teresa Shamah-Levy
Seventy percent of Mexican households experience some level of food insecurity (FI). Studies have shown positive associations between FI and poor dietary quality. As far as it is known, this is the first time the Healthy Eating Index (HEI-2010) has been used to assess dietary quality of children and adolescents in Mexico, and to examine if FI is related to it. The objective of this research is to assess dietary quality and its association with FI among Mexican children and adolescents from a nationally representative cross-sectional sample...
November 14, 2016: Maternal & Child Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846668/-eating-disorders-in-female-high-school-students-educational-and-migration-background-school-related-stress-and-performance-orientated-classes
#19
M Grüttner
Background: Many adolescents and young adults, especially young females, suffer from eating disorders or problematic nutrition behavior. Children and adolescents with migration background as well as from a lower social class are more likely to have eating disorders 1. Although schools are an important context in these age groups, there is a lack of scientific inquiry concerning the relationship between schooling and eating disorders. The present study investigates the relationship between performance-related stress at school and eating disorders while controlling for personnel and familial resources...
November 15, 2016: Das Gesundheitswesen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27843148/hypervulnerability-of-the-adolescent-prefrontal-cortex-to-nutritional-stress-via-reelin-deficiency
#20
M A Labouesse, O Lassalle, J Richetto, J Iafrati, U Weber-Stadlbauer, T Notter, T Gschwind, L Pujadas, E Soriano, A C Reichelt, C Labouesse, W Langhans, P Chavis, U Meyer
Overconsumption of high-fat diets (HFDs) can critically affect synaptic and cognitive functions within telencephalic structures such as the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC). The underlying mechanisms, however, remain largely unknown. Here we show that adolescence is a sensitive period for the emergence of prefrontal cognitive deficits in response to HFD. We establish that the synaptic modulator reelin (RELN) is a critical mediator of this vulnerability because (1) periadolescent HFD (pHFD) selectively downregulates prefrontal RELN(+) cells and (2) augmenting mPFC RELN levels using transgenesis or prefrontal pharmacology prevents the pHFD-induced prefrontal cognitive deficits...
November 15, 2016: Molecular Psychiatry
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