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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166446/maternal-education-and-age-inequalities-in-neonatal-death
#1
Sandra Costa Fonseca, Patricia Viana Guimarães Flores, Kenneth Rochel Camargo, Rejane Sobrino Pinheiro, Claudia Medina Coeli
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the interaction between maternal age and education level in neonatal mortality, as well as investigate the temporal evolution of neonatal mortality in each stratum formed by the combination of these two risk factors. METHODS: A nonconcurrent cohort study, resulting from a probabilistic relationship between the Mortality Information System and the Live Birth Information System. To investigate the risk of neonatal death we performed a logistic regression, with an odds ratio estimate for the combined variable of maternal education and age, as well as the evaluation of additive and multiplicative interaction...
November 17, 2017: Revista de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166183/the-development-of-an-interactive-health-education-model-based-on-the-djuwita-application-for-adolescent-girls
#2
Sri Djuwitaningsih, Setyowati
Alarming incidents of maternal deaths in Indonesia are due to three major causes: bleeding, sepsis, and hypertension, in addition to other non-obstetric causes and unsafe abortions. Adolescent girls contributed to maternal mortality based on early marriage, unwanted pregnancy, and childbirth. Prevention efforts have been taken through government programs and non-governmental organizations, but in practice those were considered ineffective. Thus, a preventative effort in the form of health education should be made, preferably embedded in a popular mobile application that most teenagers would be apt to use...
2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165963/post-transfer-predictors-of-poor-outcomes-in-pediatric-renal-transplant-recipients
#3
Bethany Coyne, Patricia J Hollen, Guofen Yan, John Barcia, Kenneth Brayman
The aims of this study were twofold: 1) to describe the post-transfer (defined as from pediatric to adult providers) incidence of predictors (medication nonadherence, acute rejection, and change in kidney function), as well as outcomes (graft loss) for adolescent and young adult kidney transplant recipients during a three-year post-transfer follow-up period; and 2) to identify variables to monitor these predictors, in the form of a clinical profile, so providers can promote early intervention for these medically at-risk adolescents...
March 2017: Nephrology Nursing Journal: Journal of the American Nephrology Nurses' Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165169/cardiovascular-effects-of-linalyl-acetate-in-acute-nicotine-exposure
#4
Ju Ri Kim, Purum Kang, Hui Su Lee, Ka Young Kim, Geun Hee Seol
BACKGROUD: Smoking is a risk factor for cardiovascular diseases as well as pulmonary dysfunction. In particular, adolescent smoking has been reported to have a higher latent risk for cardiovascular disease. Despite the risk to and vulnerability of adolescents to smoking, the mechanisms underlying the effects of acute nicotine exposure on adolescents remain unknown. This study therefore evaluated the mechanism underlying the effects of linalyl acetate on cardiovascular changes in adolescent rats with acute nicotine exposure...
April 24, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165126/associations-between-the-duration-of-active-commuting-to-school-and-academic-achievement-in-rural-chilean-adolescents
#5
Antonio García-Hermoso, Jose M Saavedra, Jordi Olloquequi, Robinson Ramírez-Vélez
BACKGROUND: Habitual active commuting to school may be positively associated with academic achievement. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between duration of walking or otherwise actively commuting to school and academic achievement. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 389 adolescents from seven rural schools (12-13 years). Mode and duration of active commuting to school (use of active means such as walking or biking to and from school) and screen time were self-reported...
April 4, 2017: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164828/attenuated-psychosis-and-basic-self-disturbance-as-risk-factors-for-depression-and-suicidal-ideation-behaviour-in-community-dwelling-adolescents
#6
Dan Koren, Lily Rothschild-Yakar, Liza Lacoua, Anat Brunstein-Klomek, Aya Zelezniak, Josef Parnas, Golan Shahar
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Adolescents at clinical high risk (CHR) for psychosis, as defined by the presence of attenuated psychosis symptoms (APS), exhibit increased levels of suicidal ideation and behaviour. However, no research thus far has examined the link between basic self-disturbances (SDs), an established marker for CHR, and suicidality/self-harm in this population. The goal of this pilot study was to assess the association between SD, depression and suicidal ideation and behaviour among non-help-seeking adolescents from the community...
November 22, 2017: Early Intervention in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164438/brief-report-mapping-systems-of-support-and-psychological-well-being-of-mothers-of-adolescents-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#7
Jocelyn Kuhn, Katie Ford, Leann Smith Dawalt
Parents of children with autism spectrum disorders are generally known to experience elevated levels of stress and poorer psychological well-being. To provide treatments and resources that most effectively support parent mental health, it is critical to understand how parents' connections with various networks and systems impact their well-being. This study examined the relationship between the psychological well-being of mothers of adolescents with ASD (n = 20) and their systems of support from an ecological systems theoretical framework...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164400/hepatitis-c-virus-infection-among-illicit-drug-users-in-an-archipelago-of-the-amazon
#8
Fabricio Q Silva, Francisco J A Santos, Andreia P Andrade, Suzy D B Pacheco, Benedikt Fischer, João Renato R Pinho, José Alexandre R Lemos, Aldemir B Oliveira-Filho
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection causes acute and chronic liver disease and may lead to cirrhosis, liver failure or hepatocellular carcinoma. The behavior of illicit drug users (DUs) typically exposes them to risks of viral infection. In the Brazilian Amazon region, a number of studies have identified high rates of drug use among adolescents, and a high prevalence of HBV infection in DUs, disseminated by sexual and parenteral activities. However, the epidemiological scenario of HCV infection in the region is still poorly understood...
November 21, 2017: Archives of Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164378/discrimination-and-sleep-difficulties-during-adolescence-the-mediating-roles-of-loneliness-and-perceived-stress
#9
Angelina Majeno, Kim M Tsai, Virginia W Huynh, Heather McCreath, Andrew J Fuligni
Irregular and insufficient sleep place youth at risk for adverse psychological and physical health outcomes. Recent research indicates that discrimination constitutes a type of stressor that interferes with adolescent sleep; however, the mechanisms through which discrimination affects sleep are not well understood. This study examined whether ethnic and non-ethnic (i.e., gender, age, and height/weight) discrimination were associated with adolescents' sleep duration, variability, and quality, and whether loneliness and perceived stress mediated these associations...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164276/physical-activity-and-heart-rate-variability-in-adolescents-with-abdominal-obesity
#10
Breno Quintella Farah, Aluísio Andrade-Lima, Antônio Henrique Germano-Soares, Diego Giulliano Destro Christofaro, Mauro Virgílio Gomes de Barros, Wagner Luiz do Prado, Raphael M Ritti-Dias
Physical activity is a protective factor for autonomic dysfunction. However, whether this occurs in adolescents with abdominal obesity is still unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to analyze the association between physical activity and heart rate variability (HRV) in adolescents with and without abdominal obesity. This cross-sectional study included 1152 boys (age: 17 ± 1 years). HRV measures of time (root mean square of the squared differences between adjacent normal RR intervals-RMSSD and the percentage of adjacent intervals over 50 ms-PNN50) and frequency domains (balance sympathetic-vagal-LF/HF) were evaluated, as well as total physical activity, commuting physical activity, leisure-time physical activity, and abdominal obesity...
November 21, 2017: Pediatric Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163739/obsessive-compulsive-disorder-in-a-19-year-old-female-adolescent-with-turner-syndrome
#11
Surinder S Moonga, Aaron Pinkhasov, Deepan Singh
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) in patients with Turner syndrome (TS) is an uncommon neuropsychiatric presentation that has not been well characterized in the scientific literature. Though no clear psychiatric component is syndromic to TS, the clinical manifestations of certain neuropsychiatric disorders, including mood, anxiety and eating disorders, have all been well documented in patients with TS. However, the presence of OCD in these patients has not been previously described. This report details a 19-year-old TS patient who presented with OCD since the age of 13, comorbid with several other psychiatric pathologies, including bipolar I disorder, anorexia nervosa and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD)...
December 2017: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163668/sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-and-risks-of-very-young-adolescent-refugees-and-migrants-from-myanmar-living-in-thailand
#12
Catherine Lee, Yasmina Aules, Samira Sami, Paw Kree Lar, Jennifer Schlect, Courtland Robinson
Background: The very young adolescent (VYA) population age 10-14 years is often neglected in the field of sexual and reproductive health (SRH) research due to the combined sensitivity of the topic and the young age group, resulting in little data about the SRH needs and concerns of VYA. In 2013, the Women's Refugee Commission (WRC), Johns Hopkins University (JHU), Adolescent and Reproductive Health Network (ARHN) and Karen Youth Organization (KYO) implemented qualitative participatory research to explore the SRH needs and risks of VYA...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163667/understanding-the-unique-experiences-perspectives-and-sexual-and-reproductive-health-needs-of-very-young-adolescents-somali-refugees-in-ethiopia
#13
Luis Ortiz-Echevarria, Meghan Greeley, Tenaw Bawoke, Linnea Zimmerman, Courtland Robinson, Jennifer Schlecht
Background: Kobe Refugee camp hosts roughly 39,000 refugees displaced from Somalia during the 2011-2012 Horn of Africa Crisis. Sexual and reproductive health, as with the greater issues of health and well-being for adolescents displaced from this crisis remain largely unknown and neglected. In 2013, the Women's Refugee Commission, Johns Hopkins University, and International Medical Corps in Ethiopia, implemented qualitative and quantitative research to explore the factors and risks that impact the health of very young adolescents (VYAs), those 10-14 years of age, in this setting...
2017: Conflict and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163310/perception-accuracy-of-affiliative-relationships-in-elementary-school-children-and-young-adolescents
#14
João R Daniel, Rita R Silva, António J Santos, Jordana Cardoso, Leandra Coelho, Miguel Freitas, Olívia Ribeiro
There has been a rapid growth of studies focused on selection and socialization processes of peer groups, mostly due to the development of stochastic actor-based models to analyze longitudinal social network data. One of the core assumptions of these models is that individuals have an accurate knowledge of the dyadic relationships within their network (i.e., who is and is not connected to whom). Recent cross-sectional findings suggest that elementary school children are very inaccurate in perceiving their classmates' dyadic relationships...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163090/community-violence-exposure-and-conduct-problems-in-children-and-adolescents-with-conduct-disorder-and-healthy-controls
#15
Linda Kersten, Noortje Vriends, Martin Steppan, Nora M Raschle, Martin Praetzlich, Helena Oldenhof, Robert Vermeiren, Lucres Jansen, Katharina Ackermann, Anka Bernhard, Anne Martinelli, Karen Gonzalez-Madruga, Ignazio Puzzo, Amy Wells, Jack C Rogers, Roberta Clanton, Rosalind H Baker, Liam Grisley, Sarah Baumann, Malou Gundlach, Gregor Kohls, Miguel A Gonzalez-Torres, Eva Sesma-Pardo, Roberta Dochnal, Helen Lazaratou, Zacharias Kalogerakis, Aitana Bigorra Gualba, Areti Smaragdi, Réka Siklósi, Dimitris Dikeos, Amaia Hervás, Aranzazu Fernández-Rivas, Stephane A De Brito, Kerstin Konrad, Beate Herpertz-Dahlmann, Graeme Fairchild, Christine M Freitag, Arne Popma, Meinhard Kieser, Christina Stadler
Exposure to community violence through witnessing or being directly victimized has been associated with conduct problems in a range of studies. However, the relationship between community violence exposure (CVE) and conduct problems has never been studied separately in healthy individuals and individuals with conduct disorder (CD). Therefore, it is not clear whether the association between CVE and conduct problems is due to confounding factors, because those with high conduct problems also tend to live in more violent neighborhoods, i...
2017: Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162759/pattern-and-profile-of-children-using-substances-in-india-insights-and-recommendations
#16
Anju Dhawan, Raman Deep Pattanayak, Anita Chopra, V K Tikoo, Rajesh Kumar
India has one of the largest proportion of children and adolescents in the world, but the threat posed by child substance use remains under-researched. Only recently a large study, the first of its kind in India, was carried out with a sample of nearly 4000 children using substances (school-going, out-of-school as well as street children) across more than a hundred cities/towns. We discuss (i) the existing knowledge on the prevalence of child substance abuse in India; (ii) perspectives and insights gained from the recent nation-wide study on its pattern and profile; and (iii) recommendations for substance use prevention and treatment among children in the Indian context...
July 2017: National Medical Journal of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162699/dnajb1-prkaca-fusion-kinase-interacts-with-%C3%AE-catenin-and-the-liver-regenerative-response-to-drive-fibrolamellar-hepatocellular-carcinoma
#17
Edward R Kastenhuber, Gadi Lalazar, Shauna L Houlihan, Darjus F Tschaharganeh, Timour Baslan, Chi-Chao Chen, David Requena, Sha Tian, Benedikt Bosbach, John E Wilkinson, Sanford M Simon, Scott W Lowe
A segmental deletion resulting in DNAJB1-PRKACA gene fusion is now recognized as the signature genetic event of fibrolamellar hepatocellular carcinoma (FL-HCC), a rare but lethal liver cancer that primarily affects adolescents and young adults. Here we implement CRISPR-Cas9 genome editing and transposon-mediated somatic gene transfer to demonstrate that expression of either the endogenous fusion protein or a chimeric cDNA leads to the formation of indolent liver tumors in mice that closely resemble human FL-HCC...
November 21, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162531/mylarc-a-theory-based-interactive-smartphone-app-to-support-adolescents-use-of-long-acting-reversible-contraception
#18
Sarah E Timmons, Emily Birchfield Shakibnia, Melanie A Gold, Samantha Garbers
STUDY OBJECTIVE: Develop and test the feasibility of a Health Belief Model theory-based interactive smartphone application (app) aimed at providing information and support to adolescents with long-acting reversible contraception (LARC). DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, INTERVENTIONS: Using a mixed-method design, we conducted 30 in-person interviews with adolescent LARC users who were enrolled in School-Based Health Centers (SBHCs) in New York City. Interviews were conducted in two phases: during Phase 1, 12 participants viewed a pilot version of the app (MyLARC); during Phase 2, 18 additional participants interacted with an expanded version of the app...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162195/assessing-the-interplay-between-multigenic-and-environmental-influences-on-adolescent-to-adult-pathways-of-antisocial-behaviors
#19
James J Li
The current investigation utilized a developmental psychopathology approach to test the hypothesis that multigenic (i.e., dopaminergic and serotonergic genes) and multienvironmental factors interactively contribute to developmental pathways of antisocial behavior (ASB). A sample of 8,834 Caucasian individuals from the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health (Add Health) were used to (a) examine the developmental pathways of ASB from age 13 to 32 using growth mixture modeling, (b) compute weighted multigenic risk scores (Add Health MRS) for ASB from six well-characterized polymorphisms in dopamine and serotonin genes, and (c) test the interaction between the Add Health MRS and a measures of support (incorporating indicators of both positive and negative support from parents and schools)...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162174/exploring-longitudinal-associations-between-neighborhood-disadvantage-and-cortisol-levels-in-early-childhood
#20
Eric D Finegood, Jason R D Rarick, Clancy Blair
Children who grow up in poverty are more likely to experience chronic stressors that generate "wear" on stress regulatory systems including the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis. This can have long-term consequences for health and well-being. Prior research has examined the role of proximal family and home contributions to HPA axis functioning. However, there is evidence to suggest that more distal levels of context, including neighborhoods, also matter. Prior evidence has primarily focused on adolescents and adults, with little evidence linking the neighborhood context with HPA activity in infancy and toddlerhood...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
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