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Wellness in adolescents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28548619/stages-of-change-model-has-limited-value-in-explaining-the-change-in-use-of-cannabis-among-adolescent-participants-in-an-efficacious-motivational-interviewing-intervention
#1
Hans B Dupont, Math J J M Candel, Paul Lemmens, Charles D Kaplan, Dike van de Mheen, Nanne K De Vries
Previously, a Dutch randomized controlled trial evaluating an intervention aimed at changing adolescents' cannabis use, called Moti-4, has shown its efficacy. A secondary analysis of the Moti-4 data investigated the process of change specified by the Stage of Change (SOC) model in cannabis use during the trial. Seventy-one Moti-4 participants and 60 controls were recruited for the study with a pre-test, post-test (T1), and six-month follow-up (T2). All participants showed signs of problematic cannabis use. No contribution of the Moti-4 intervention to a change in SOC between T1 and T2 was found...
May 26, 2017: Journal of Psychoactive Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28547135/sedentary-behaviour-and-bone-health-in-children-adolescents-and-young-adults-a-systematic-review
#2
REVIEW
J B Koedijk, J van Rijswijk, W A Oranje, J P van den Bergh, S P Bours, H H Savelberg, N C Schaper
Sedentary behaviour (SB) is increasing in Western societies and some studies suggest a deleterious effect of SB on bone. The aim of this systematic review was to examine the association between SB and bone health in children, adolescents and young adults. Electronic databases (PubMed, MEDLINE, PsycINFO and Science Citation Index) were searched for relevant articles up to January 9, 2017. Studies were included when results on bone health (e.g. strength, mass and structure) and either subjectively (questionnaires) or objectively (accelerometry) measured SB were reported in healthy participants ≤24 years...
May 26, 2017: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545787/youth-secrets-are-associated-with-poorer-sleep-and-asthma-symptoms-via-negative-affect
#3
Ledina Imami, Samuele Zilioli, Erin T Tobin, Daniel J Saleh, Heidi S Kane, Richard B Slatcher
OBJECTIVE: Among older children and adolescents, keeping secrets from parents is consistently associated with lower levels of psychological well-being. Further, concealing one's thoughts and emotions has been associated with poor physical health outcomes in adults. However, it remains an open question whether secret-keeping is associated with poorer health and health-related behaviors (such as sleep) among youth and, if those hypothesized links exist, what the psychological mechanisms might be...
May 2017: Journal of Psychosomatic Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545545/a-focused-ethnography-of-a-child-and-adolescent-mental-health-service-factors-relevant-to-the-implementation-of-a-depression-trial
#4
C E W Kitchen, S Lewis, P A Tiffin, P R Welsh, L Howey, D Ekers
BACKGROUND: Prior to commencing a randomised controlled trial, we conducted a focused ethnography to ensure that the trial was well suited to the proposed setting. METHODS: A six-month observation of a Child and Adolescent Mental Health Service site in the North-East of England was undertaken to observe the site procedures, staff culture and patient care pathways. During this period, documentary data were collected and interviews were conducted with key informants to provide insight into staff perceptions of the proposed trial...
May 25, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545398/advanced-glycation-end-products-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-and-early-reduced-diastolic-heart-function
#5
Leif Brunvand, Martin Heier, Cathrine Brunborg, Kristian F Hanssen, Drude Fugelseth, Knut Haakon Stensaeth, Knut Dahl-Jørgensen, Hanna Dis Margeirsdottir
BACKGROUND: Reduced diastolic function is an early sign of diabetes cardiomyopathy in adults and is associated with elevated levels of HbA1c and advanced glycation end products (AGEs). OBJECTIVE: To assess the associations between early reduced diastolic function and elevated levels of HbA1c and AGEs in children and adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D). METHODS: One hundred fourty six T1D patients (age 8-18 years) without known diabetic complications were examined with tissue Doppler imaging and stratified into two groups according to diastolic function...
May 25, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545008/psychiatric-disorders-in-a-cohort-of-individuals-with-prader-willi-syndrome
#6
L Shriki-Tal, H Avrahamy, Y Pollak, V Gross-Tsur, L Genstil, H J Hirsch, F Benarroch
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric manifestations in Prader-Willi Syndrome (PWS) are common and often are the most debilitating problem in these individuals. We present an epidemiological nation-wide survey of psychiatric diagnoses in the PWS population, based on full-range psychiatric interviews. METHODS: We studied the distribution of psychiatric diagnoses (as opposed to a symptom-based approach) in the Israel national cohort of adolescents and adults with PWS. There was a total of 53 (32 males) ages 12 years and older...
April 5, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544995/intrauterine-exposure-to-tobacco-and-executive-functioning-in-high-school
#7
Ruth Rose-Jacobs, Mark A Richardson, Kathryn Buchanan-Howland, Clara A Chen, Howard Cabral, Timothy C Heeren, Jane Liebschutz, Leah Forman, Deborah A Frank
BACKGROUND: Executive functioning (EF), an umbrella construct encompassing gradual maturation of cognitive organization/management processes, is important to success in multiple settings including high school. Intrauterine tobacco exposure (IUTE) correlates with negative cognitive/behavioral outcomes, but little is known about its association with adolescent EF and information from real-life contexts is sparse. We evaluated the impact of IUTE on teacher-reported observations of EF in urban high school students controlling for covariates including other intrauterine and adolescent substance exposures...
May 10, 2017: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544874/the-relative-safety-of-paternal-maternal-and-traditional-foster-care-placements
#8
Jesse J Helton, Brian B Boutwell, Michael DiBernardo
When children are placed into foster care the caseworker must give preference to an adult relative, many of whom are grandparents, over an unrelated caregiver. This kinship preference is based in evolutionary biology, which suggests that the imperative to care for a child should be greater for kin versus non-kin. However, not all kin are related to a child in the same way, and level of paternity uncertainty may influence level of care provided. For instance, maternal grandparents can be assured that they share genetic material with their grandchild, while paternal grandparents may not have the same level of certainty...
May 22, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544180/a-cognitive-behavioral-program-for-parents-of-children-with-chronic-musculoskeletal-pain-a-feasibility-study
#9
C Wiertz, M Goossens, E M Spek, J A Verbunt
BACKGROUND: The purpose of the study is to evaluate the feasibility of a newly developed parent program for parents of children with non-specific chronic musculoskeletal pain. This program is part of the child's interdisciplinary outpatient pain rehabilitation treatment. The goal of the parent program is to change parent's thoughts/behaviour regarding pain with the ultimate intention to further improve their child's functioning. There were two main objectives in the study: First, to evaluate the feasibility of the parent program...
May 23, 2017: European Journal of Pain: EJP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544045/are-there-sensitive-periods-when-child-maltreatment-substantially-elevates-suicide-risk-results-from-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-adolescents
#10
Stephanie H Gomez, Jenny Tse, Yan Wang, Brianna Turner, Alexander J Millner, Matthew K Nock, Erin C Dunn
BACKGROUND: Although child maltreatment is a well documented risk factor for suicidal behavior, little is known about whether the timing of child maltreatment differentially associates with risk of suicidal ideation, suicide plans, or suicide attempts. The goal of this study was to examine whether a first exposure to physical or sexual abuse during specific developmental periods significantly elevated risk for suicidal behavior in adolescents. METHODS: Data came from the National Comorbidity Survey Adolescent Supplement, a population-based sample of US adolescents aged 13-18 years old (n = 9,272)...
May 23, 2017: Depression and Anxiety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28544009/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effects-of-delaying-onset-of-adolescent-substance-abuse-on-cognitive-development-and-addiction-following-a-selective-personality-targeted-intervention-program-the-co-venture-trial
#11
Maeve O'Leary-Barrett, Benoit Mâsse, Robert Pihl, Sherry Stewart, Jean R Séguin, Patricia Conrod
AIMS: Substance use and binge drinking during early adolescence are associated with neurocognitive abnormalities, mental health problems and an increased risk for future addiction. The trial aims to evaluate the protective effects of an evidence-based substance use prevention program on the onset of alcohol and drug use in adolescence, as well as on cognitive, mental health and addiction outcomes over 5 years. DESIGN: Thirty-eight high schools will be recruited, with a final sample of 31 schools assigned to intervention or control conditions (approximately 3800 youth)...
May 21, 2017: Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28543923/sex-differences-in-fitness-and-cardiac-function-during-exercise-in-adolescents-with-chronic-fatigue
#12
Paolo T Pianosi, Eric Emerling, Kristin C Mara, Amy L Weaver, Philip R Fischer
Females demonstrate less robust Frank-Starling mechanism with respect to cardiac preload than males at rest. We asked whether this phenomenon would also affect cardiac performance during exercise. We hypothesized that stroke volume (SV) response to exercise would be more limited in deconditioned females such that cardiac output would be mainly rate dependent, compared with males. We conducted a chart audit of clinical exercise tests performed by adolescents with chronic fatigue. Oxygen uptake (VO2 ) was measured breath-by-breath at rest and during cycle ergometry, while cardiac output was measured by acetylene rebreathing at rest plus 2-3 sub-threshold workloads...
May 24, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542455/factors-influencing-interest-in-recreational-sports-participation-and-its-rural-urban-disparity
#13
Chiehfeng Chen, Liang-Ting Tsai, Ching-Feng Lin, Chun-Ching Huang, Yao-Tsung Chang, Ruey-Yu Chen, Shu-Yu Lyu
OBJECTIVES: Recreational sports are important leisure activities. However, most studies investigating barrier factors and motivation for participation in recreational sports have been limited to specific areas (e.g., a city or school) or demographic groups (e.g., adolescents). Therefore, this study set out to gain a more comprehensive understanding of the behavioral and socioeconomic factors influencing interest in recreational sports participation in Taiwan, as well as to evaluate the effect of any urban-rural divide...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542108/contralateral-spondylolysis-and-fracture-of-the-lumbar-pedicle-in-a-young-athlete
#14
Eran Kessous, Tracy Borsinger, Ayesha Rahman, Pierre A d'Hemecourt
STUDY DESIGN: Clinical case report of unilateral pedicular stress fracture with a contralateral spondylolysis in a male high school athlete presenting with low back pain. OBJECTIVES: To report this uncommon cause of low back pain in an adolescent athlete, and review the relevant literature. SUMMARY AND BACKGROUND DATA: The incidence of spondylolysis in the caucasian population was found to be about 3-6%. This number is probably higher in the athletic adolescent age group, with reports ranging from 8-15%...
May 24, 2017: Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541508/self-efficacy-and-short-term-adherence-to-continuous-positive-airway-pressure-treatment-in-children
#15
Melissa S Xanthopoulos, Ji Young Kim, Michael Blechner, Ming-Yu Chang, Mary Kate Menello, Christina Brown, Edward Matthews, Terri E Weaver, Justine Shults, Carole L Marcus
Study Objectives: Infants, children and adolescents are increasingly being prescribed continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) for treatment of obstructive sleep apnea (OSAS), yet adherence is often poor. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between caregiver and patient-reported health cognitions about CPAP prior to starting CPAP, and CPAP adherence at one month. We hypothesized that greater caregiver-reported self-efficacy would be positively associated with CPAP adherence in children...
May 24, 2017: Sleep
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541062/antisocial-and-human-capital-pathways-to-socioeconomic-exclusion-a-42-year-prospective-study
#16
Jukka Savolainen, W Alex Mason, Anna-Liisa Lyyra, Lea Pulkkinen, Katja Kokko
Nordic welfare states have been very successful at reducing poverty and inequality among their citizens. However, the presence of a strong social safety net in these countries has not solved the problem of socioeconomic exclusion, manifesting in such outcomes as chronic unemployment and welfare dependency. In an effort to understand this phenomenon, the current study builds on the assumption that psychological risk factors emerge as important determinants of socioeconomic disadvantage in an environment where ascribed characteristics have less impact on educational and occupational attainment...
May 25, 2017: Developmental Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28541057/promoting-resilience-in-stress-management-for-parents-prism-p-an-intervention-for-caregivers-of-youth-with-serious-illness
#17
Joyce P Yi-Frazier, Kaitlyn Fladeboe, Victoria Klein, Lauren Eaton, Claire Wharton, Elizabeth McCauley, Abby R Rosenberg
INTRODUCTION: It is well-known that parental stress and coping impacts the well-being of children with serious illness. The current study aimed to evaluate the feasibility and satisfaction of a novel resilience promoting intervention, the Promoting Resilience in Stress Management Intervention for Parents (PRISM-P) among parents of adolescents and young adults with Type 1 diabetes or cancer. Secondary analyses explored the effect of the PRISM-P on parent-reported resilience and distress...
May 25, 2017: Families, Systems & Health: the Journal of Collaborative Family Healthcare
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540996/factors-associated-with-emotional-distress-in-children-and-adolescents-during-early-treatment-for-cancer
#18
In Jung Sohn, Jung Woo Han, Seung Min Hahn, Dong Ho Song, Chuhl Joo Lyu, Keun Ah Cheon
PURPOSE: Children and adolescents diagnosed with cancer experience emotional distress, such as sadness, worrying, and irritability. However, there is little information about the psychological well-being of parents at the time of their child's diagnosis. We sought to identify factors that were associated with emotional distress in cancer patients as a basis for developing innovative psychological interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review was performed on patients newly diagnosed with cancer at a single center in Korea from 2014 to 2016...
July 2017: Yonsei Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539957/the-relationship-of-sexual-abuse-with-self-esteem-depression-and-problematic-internet-use-in-korean-adolescents
#19
Bung-Nyun Kim, Subin Park, Min-Hyeon Park
The association of sexual victimization with self-esteem, depression, and problematic internet use was examined in Korean adolescents. A total of 695 middle and high school students were recruited (413 boys, 282 girls, mean age, 14.06±1.37 years). The participants were administered the Early Trauma Inventory Self Report-Short Form (ETISR-SF), Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), and Young's Internet Addiction Test (IAT). The associations between sexual abuse and the level of self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and problematic internet use were analyzed...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539900/learning-potential-in-narrative-writing-measuring-the-psychometric-properties-of-an-assessment-tool
#20
Léia G Gurgel, Mônica M C de Oliveira, Maria C R A Joly, Caroline T Reppold
Objective: The Computerized and Dynamic Writing Test (TIDE) is designed to examine the learning potential of adolescents in narrative writing. This was a validation study of the TIDE based on its internal structure. Learning potential is responsible for cognitive modifiabilty according to the Theory of Cognitive Structural Modifiability (CSM) developed by Feüerstein. Method: Included 304 participants between 10 and 17 years of age from schools in the South of Brazil. The data collection involved student groups that were divided according to age and school grade...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
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