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Wellness in adolescents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334605/induction-chemotherapy-plus-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-versus-concurrent-chemoradiotherapy-alone-in-locoregionally-advanced-nasopharyngeal-carcinoma-in-children-and-adolescents-a-matched-cohort-analysis
#1
Yang Li, Lin-Quan Tang, Li-Ting Liu, Shan-Shan Guo, Yu-Jing Liang, Xue-Song Sun, Qing-Nan Tang, Jin-Xin Bei, Jing Tan, Shuai Chen, Jun Ma, Chong Zhao, Qiu-Yan Chen, Hai-Qiang Mai
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the long-term clinical outcome and toxicity of induction chemotherapy (IC) followed by concomitant chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) compared with CCRT alone for the treatment of children and adolescent locoregionally advanced nasopharyngeal carcinoma (LACANPC). Patients and Methods: A total of 194 locoregionally advanced NPC patients younger than 21 years who received CCRT with or without IC before were included in the study population...
January 8, 2018: Cancer Research and Treatment: Official Journal of Korean Cancer Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334132/oxybutynin-3-gel-for-the-treatment-of-primary-focal-hyperhidrosis-in-adolescents-and-young-adults
#2
Nicholas V Nguyen, Jane Gralla, James Abbott, Anna L Bruckner
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: There are no reliably effective, well-tolerated topical agents for the treatment of hyperhidrosis. We sought to evaluate the efficacy and tolerability of oxybutynin 3% gel in adolescents and young adults with primary focal hyperhidrosis. METHODS: Patients with severe axillary hyperhidrosis were treated with topical oxybutynin 3% gel for 4 weeks. Response to treatment was assessed by calculating change in Hyperhidrosis Disease Severity Score from baseline to weeks 1 and 4...
January 15, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333642/early-adolescents-emotional-well-being-in-the-classroom-the-role-of-personal-and-contextual-assets
#3
Eva Oberle
BACKGROUND: The objective was to predict early adolescents' emotional well-being from personal and contextual assets in the classroom. Emotional well-being is a key indicator of health. Aligned with the positive youth development (PYD) framework, a supportive classroom environment and positive relationships with teachers and peers were contextual assets in the present study; positive self-concept was a personal asset. METHODS: The sample was 406 grade 4 to 7 public elementary school students from diverse backgrounds (mean = 11...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333640/comparing-mental-health-of-us-children-of-immigrants-and-non-immigrants-in-4-racial-ethnic-groups
#4
JaHun Kim, Semret Nicodimos, Siri E Kushner, Isaac C Rhew, Elizabeth McCauley, Ann Vander Stoep
BACKGROUND: To compare the mental health status of children of immigrant (COI) and non-immigrant (NI) parents and to determine whether differences in mental health status between COI and NI vary across 4 racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: We conducted universal mental health screening of 2374 sixth graders in an urban public school district. To screen, we administered well-validated adolescent depression and disruptive behavior problem questionnaires. We evaluated associations between child mental health, parent immigration status, and race/ethnicity using binomial regression...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332684/racial-ethnic-sleep-disparities-in-us-school-aged-children-and-adolescents-a-review-of-the-literature
#5
REVIEW
Dana Guglielmo, Julie A Gazmararian, Joon Chung, Ann E Rogers, Lauren Hale
Sleep is essential for optimal health, well-being, and cognitive functioning, and yet nationwide, youth are not obtaining consistent, adequate, or high-quality sleep. In fact, more than two-thirds of US adolescents are sleeping less than 8 hours nightly on school nights. Racial and ethnic minority children and adolescents are at an increased risk of having shorter sleep duration and poorer sleep quality than their white peers. In this review, we critically examined and compared results from 23 studies that have investigated racial/ethnic sleep disparities in American school-aged children and adolescents ages 6-19 years...
February 2018: Sleep Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29332172/spirituality-as-a-protective-health-asset-for-young-people-an-international-comparative-analysis-from-three-countries
#6
Fiona Brooks, Valerie Michaelson, Nathan King, Jo Inchley, William Pickett
OBJECTIVES: Spirituality has been proposed as a potential health asset a 'developmental engine' that works by fostering the search for connectedness, meaning and purpose. The aim is to examine to what extent spiritual health might be protective of young people's overall health and well-being. METHODS: In 2014, young people aged 11, 13, and 15 years in England, Scotland and Canada were surveyed as part of the HBSC study (n = 26,701). The perceived importance of spiritual health and domains (connections with self, others, nature, and the transcendent) was measured in these countries...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331823/pre-pregnancy-maternal-depressive-symptoms-and-low-birth-weight-and-preterm-birth-outcomes-assessment-of-adolescent-background-characteristics-and-birth-outcomes-in-adulthood
#7
Stephen Nkansah-Amankra
PURPOSE: In the United States and other countries of the world , high prevalence of pre-pregnancy depressive symptoms and depression during pregnancy is an important public health concern, as they are associated with low birth weight (LBW) and preterm birth (PTB) outcomes in adulthood. However, the relationships among pre-pregnancy depressive symptoms, low birth weight, preterm birth outcomes and household characteristics have not been well established. METHODS: The study used data from 7120 adolescent female participants in the National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent to Adult Health data from Waves I (1994-1995 in-school interview), II (1996 as in-home), III (2001-2002 as in-home interview), IV (2008 as in-home interview) and Wave V is currently underway...
December 13, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331681/endogenous-cortisol-in-keratinized-matrices-systematic-determination-of-baseline-cortisol-levels-in-hair-and-the-influence-of-sex-age-and-hair-color
#8
T M Binz, L Rietschel, F Streit, M Hofmann, J Gehrke, M Herdener, B B Quednow, N G Martin, M Rietschel, T Kraemer, M R Baumgartner
The measurement of hair cortisol is increasingly used to measure long-term cumulative cortisol levels and investigate its role as an important stress mediator. In this study a comparative statistical analysis of five independent studies (all analyzed in our laboratory) was performed to investigate baseline ranges of cortisol values in hair and evaluate potential influences of sex, age and hair color. Cortisol concentrations in hair of 554 subjects were measured and a comparative statistical analysis was performed...
December 24, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331269/clinical-benefits-of-autologous-haematopoietic-stem-cell-transplantation-in-type-1-diabetes-patients
#9
B Gu, H Miao, J Zhang, J Hu, W Zhou, W Gu, W Wang, G Ning
Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is characterized by severe damage to pancreas islet function through immunological attack; therefore, it is also called 'insulin-dependent diabetes'. The present study aimed to evaluate the safety and clinical efficacy of autologous haematopoietic stem cell transplantation (AHSCT) in adolescent patients with newly diagnosed T1D. A phase-II prospective, parallel-assignment, non-randomized trial was conducted from March 2008 to December 2011 with 40 T1D patients, of whom 20 received AHSCT therapy and 20 were treated only with insulin injections...
December 22, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331096/promoting-physical-activity-and-improving-dietary-quality-of-singaporean-adolescents-effectiveness-of-a-school-based-fitness-and-wellness-program
#10
Claudine Loong, Latasha Leo, Danielle Goh, Pei Sin Lim, Wai Mun Loke
Limited data are available on the effectiveness of the school-based structured fitness and wellness program to influence dietary quality and physical activity levels in Singaporean adolescents. The study examined if a 20-h (over 10 weeks) school-based structured fitness and wellness module affects the diet quality indices, energy intakes, physical activity levels and the associated energy expenditures in a group of healthy, male adolescents with low diet quality and physical activity levels. Participant demography, anthropometry, dietary intake and daily physical activity were obtained at the beginning, mid-point and end of the 10-week program...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331075/an-examination-of-the-clinical-outcomes-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-broad-autism-spectrum-traits-and-autism-spectrum-disorder-and-anorexia-nervosa-a-multi-centre-study
#11
Bruno Palazzo Nazar, Vanessa Peynenburg, Charlotte Rhind, Rebecca Hibbs, Ulrike Schmidt, Simon Gowers, Pamela Macdonald, Elizabeth Goddard, Gillian Todd, Nadia Micali, Janet Treasure
OBJECTIVES: To compare the clinical outcomes of adolescents and young adults with anorexia nervosa (AN) comorbid with broad autism spectrum disorder (ASD) or ASD traits. METHOD: The developmental and well-being assessment and social aptitude scale were used to categorize adolescents and young adults with AN (N = 149) into those with ASD traits (N = 23), and those who also fulfilled diagnostic criteria for a possible/probable ASD (N = 6). We compared both eating disorders specific measures and broader outcome measures at intake and 12 months follow-up...
January 13, 2018: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330745/-treatment-of-rotational-malalignment-of-the-lower-leg
#12
REVIEW
P Keppler
BACKGROUND: Rotational malalignment after intramedullary nailing of tibial shaft fractures is not uncommon. In-toeing and out-toeing conditions in children are often the reason for orthopedic and traumatological medical consultation. OBJECTIVE: Evaluation of diagnostic modalities and therapeutic options for rotational malalignment in relationship to the patient's age. Surgical indications and efficacy of specific surgical techniques. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Systematic literature search in the German Institute for Medical Documentation and Information (DIMDI) and MEDLINE and evaluation of the currently published articles...
January 12, 2018: Der Unfallchirurg
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330733/intergenerational-continuity-in-depression-the-importance-of-time-varying-effects-maternal-co-morbid-health-risk-behaviors-and-child-s-gender
#13
Megan Bears Augustyn, Celia J Fulco, Kimberly L Henry
Intergenerational continuity in depressive symptoms is well established between mother and child, but there are still important facets of this relationship that are underexplored. We examine intergenerational continuity in depressive symptoms between mother-child dyads as a flexible function of child age and account for the potential moderating role of maternal co-morbid health risk behaviors. Using prospective, self-report data collected yearly from 413 mother-child dyads (210 mother-son dyads and 203 mother-daughter dyads) between child ages 12-17, the results indicate that the effect of maternal depressive symptoms on daughters' depressive symptoms steadily increases throughout adolescence whereas the effect of maternal depressive symptoms on sons' depressive symptoms is relatively small, stable, and non-significant during mid-adolescence before increasing in effect in later adolescence...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330572/effects-of-whole-body-vibration-on-muscle-strength-bone-mineral-content-and-density-and-balance-and-body-composition-of-children-and-adolescents-with-down-syndrome-a-systematic-review
#14
REVIEW
M B Saquetto, F F Pereira, R S Queiroz, C M da Silva, C S Conceição, M Gomes Neto
The aim of this study is to verify the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) training on the muscle strength of children and adolescents with Down syndrome. We searched MEDLINE, Cochrane, SciELO, Lilacs and PUBMED databases and included manual searches to identify randomised controlled trials to investigate the effects of WBV on the structure and body function of children and adolescents with Down syndrome. Two reviewers independently selected the studies and performed statistical analysis. In total, five studies with 171 patients that compared WBV with exercise and/or control were included...
January 12, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329440/executive-function-and-internalizing-symptoms-in-adolescents-and-young-adults-with-congenital-heart-disease-the-role-of-coping
#15
Jamie L Jackson, Gina M Gerardo, Jennifer D Monti, Kyle A Schofield, Kathryn Vannatta
Executive functioning deficits have been documented among congenital heart disease (CHD) survivors and may contribute to emotional distress. Little research has investigated the role of coping in this association. This study examined the role of coping in accounting for the association between self-reported executive function problems and internalizing symptoms among adolescents and emerging adults (AEAs), as well as young adults (YAs) with CHD. Participants included 74 AEA ( M age  = 19.32  ±  3.47 years, range 15-25 years) and 98 YA CHD survivors ( M age  = 32...
January 10, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29328977/skin-lightening-practices-among-female-high-school-students-in-ghana
#16
M Osei, M Ali, A Owusu, F Baiden
OBJECTIVE: The practice of skin lightening (SL) persist despite warnings about its harmful health effects. Adolescents are particularly vulnerable and at risk of prolonged use of SL products. We explored SL practices among high school students in Ghana, West Africa. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey. METHODS: We used a self-administered questionnaire in a survey on SL practices among randomly selected female students in five Senior High Schools in the Brong Ahafo Region of Ghana...
January 9, 2018: Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327521/cerebrospinal-fluid-a-clinicopathologic-analysis
#17
Asha Shenoy, Heena Desai, Aparna Mandvekar
Context and Objective: This study aims to emphasize the importance of an appropriate CSF examination in patients of suspected CNS disease and the necessity of correlating it with the clinico-radiologic findings which will help in early diagnosis of CNS diseases and guide the further management of the disease. Design: In this 2 year study, 215 CSF samples from patients with clinically suspected diseases of the CNS were studied. The CSF samples were analyzed for gross examination, protein, sugar, adenosine deaminase (ADA) levels, microscopic examination and microbiologic examination...
December 2017: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327339/electronic-registry-for-the-management-of-childhood-obesity-in-greece
#18
Penio Kassari, Panagiotis Papaioannou, Antonis Billiris, Haralampos Karanikas, Stergiani Eleftheriou, Eleftherios Thireos, Yannis Manios, George P Chrousos, Evangelia Charmandari
BACKGROUND: Obesity in childhood and adolescence represents a major health problem in our century. In Greece, more than 30-35% of children and adolescents are either overweight or obese. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Using information and communication technologies, we developed a "National Registry for the Prevention and Management of Overweight and Obesity in Childhood and Adolescence" for guidance and training of Pediatricians and General Practitioners. The application supports interoperability with other national infrastructures and multi-layered security spanning preventive, detective and administrative controls...
January 11, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327095/longitudinal-links-between-gambling-participation-and-academic-performance-in-youth-a-test-of-four-models
#19
Frank Vitaro, Mara Brendgen, Alain Girard, Ginette Dionne, Michel Boivin
Gambling participation and low academic performance are related during adolescence, but the causal mechanisms underlying this link are unclear. It is possible that gambling participation impairs academic performance. Alternatively, the link between gambling participation and low academic performance could be explained by common underlying risk factors such as impulsivity and socio-family adversity. It could also be explained by other current correlated problem behaviors such as substance use. The goal of the present study was to examine whether concurrent and longitudinal links between gambling participation and low academic performance exist from age 14 to age 17 years, net of common antecedent factors and current substance use...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Gambling Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326196/young-adults-perspectives-on-living-with-kidney-failure-a-systematic-review-and-thematic-synthesis-of-qualitative-studies
#20
Phillippa K Bailey, Alexander J Hamilton, Rhian L Clissold, Carol D Inward, Fergus J Caskey, Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Amanda Owen-Smith
INTRODUCTION: Young adults fare worse than younger adolescents or older adults on a broad range of health indicators. Those with a chronic illness such as renal failure are a particularly vulnerable group, who experience poor outcomes compared with both children and older adults. Understanding how being in receipt of renal replacement therapy (RRT) affects the lives of young adults might help us to better prepare and support these individuals for and on RRT, and improve outcomes. This study aimed to synthesise research describing young adults' experiences of the psychosocial impact of kidney failure and RRT...
January 10, 2018: BMJ Open
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