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Wellness in adolescents

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27926743/antecedents-of-new-onset-major-depressive-disorder-in-children-and-adolescents-at-high-familial-risk
#1
Frances Rice, Ruth Sellers, Gemma Hammerton, Olga Eyre, Rhys Bevan-Jones, Ajay K Thapar, Stephan Collishaw, Gordon T Harold, Anita Thapar
Importance: Early-onset major depressive disorder (MDD) is common in individuals at high familial risk of depression and is associated with poor long-term mental health, social, and educational outcomes. Objectives: To examine the developmental pathways that lead to first-episode adolescent-onset MDD (incident cases) in those at high familial risk and to postulate a theoretically informed model that enables simultaneous testing of different pathways to incident adolescent-onset MDD composed of contributions from familial/genetic and social risk factors, as well as effects via specific clinical antecedents...
December 7, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925708/determinants-of-the-use-of-dietary-supplements-among-secondary-and-high-school-students
#2
Karolina Gajda, Monika Zielińska, Anna Ciecierska, Jadwiga Hamułka
Background: All over the world, including Poland, the sale of dietary supplements is increasing. More and more often, people including children and youths, use dietary supplements on their own initiative and without any medical indications or knowledge in this field. Objectives: Analysis of the conditions of using the dietary supplements with vitamins and minerals among secondary school and high school students in Poland. Material and methods: The study included 396 students aged 13-18 years (249 girls and 147 boys)...
2016: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925503/persistence-of-protective-anti-hbs-antibody-levels-and-anamnestic-response-to-hbv-booster-vaccination-a-cross-sectional-study-among-healthcare-students-20%C3%A2-years-following-the-universal-immunization-campaign-in-italy
#3
Guglielmo Dini, Alessandra Toletone, Ilaria Barberis, Nicoletta Debarbieri, Emanuela Massa, Chiara Paganino, Francesca Bersi, Alfredo Montecucco, Cristiano Alicino, Paolo Durando
Vaccination against Hepatitis B Virus (HBV) became mandatory in Italy for all newborns and twelve years-old individuals in the 1991. The immunogenicity of HBV vaccine and the effectiveness of the universal immunization strategy have been widely demonstrated. However the need to assess the antibody concentrations above the well known serological correlate of protection for HBV infection (≥ 10 mIU/mL), established in individuals immunized with a three doses vaccination course, is still recommended in subjects exposed to occupational risks in different settings, particularly the healthcare services...
December 7, 2016: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27925499/non-adherence-to-psychotropic-medication-among-adolescents-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#4
Alexander Häge, Lisa Weymann, Lucia Bliznak, Viktoria Märker, Konstantin Mechler, Ralf W Dittmann
INTRODUCTION: Whether patients take their medication as prescribed is of increasing importance in adolescent psychiatry since both the number of efficacious pharmaceutical treatments and the rate of prescriptions of psychotropic compounds are on the rise. Previous research showed high rates of medication nonadherence among both adolescents with medical disorders and adult patients with psychiatric disorders. METHODS: The present review was performed according to PRISMA guidelines and evaluates existing scientific literature concerning adherence to psychotropic medication among adolescents...
December 7, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Kinder- und Jugendpsychiatrie und Psychotherapie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923859/non-growing-follicle-density-is-increased-following-adriamycin-bleomycin-vinblastine-and-dacarbazine-abvd-chemotherapy-in-the-adult-human-ovary
#5
M McLaughlin, T W Kelsey, W H B Wallace, R A Anderson, E E Telfer
STUDY QUESTION: Do the chemotherapeutic regimens of ABVD (adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine and dacarbazine) or OEPA-COPDAC (combined vincristine, etoposide, prednisone, doxorubicin (OEPA) and cyclophosphamide, vincristine, prednisone, dacarbazine (COPDAC)) used to treat Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), affect the density, morphology and in vitro developmental potential of human ovarian follicles? SUMMARY ANSWER: Ovarian tissue from women treated with ABVD contained a higher density of non-growing follicles (NGFs) per cubic millimetre and increased numbers of multiovular follicles but showed reduced in vitro growth compared with patients with lymphoma who had not received chemotherapy, patients treated with OEPA-COPDAC, age-matched healthy women and age-related model-predicted values...
December 5, 2016: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923780/attentional-bias-modification-with-serious-game-elements-evaluating-the-shots-game
#6
Wouter J Boendermaker, Soraya Sanchez Maceiras, Marilisa Boffo, Reinout W Wiers
BACKGROUND: Young adults often experiment with heavy use of alcohol, which poses severe health risks and increases the chance of developing addiction problems. In clinical patients, cognitive retraining of automatic appetitive processes, such as selective attention toward alcohol (known as "cognitive bias modification of attention," or CBM-A), has been shown to be a promising add-on to treatment, helping to prevent relapse. OBJECTIVE: To prevent escalation of regular use into problematic use in youth, motivation appears to play a pivotal role...
December 6, 2016: JMIR Serious Games
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923496/neural-correlates-of-rdoc-reward-constructs-in-adolescents-with-diverse-psychiatric-symptoms-a-reward-flanker-task-pilot-study
#7
Kailyn A L Bradley, Julia A C Case, Rachel D Freed, Emily R Stern, Vilma Gabbay
BACKGROUND: There has been growing interest under the Research Domain Criteria initiative to investigate behavioral constructs and their underlying neural circuitry. Abnormalities in reward processes are salient across psychiatric conditions and may precede future psychopathology in youth. However, the neural circuitry underlying such deficits has not been well defined. Therefore, in this pilot, we studied youth with diverse psychiatric symptoms and examined the neural underpinnings of reward anticipation, attainment, and positive prediction error (PPE, unexpected reward gain)...
December 1, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923434/listening-to-the-patient-voice-in-narcolepsy-diagnostic-delay-disease-burden-and-treatment-efficacy
#8
Kiran Maski, Erin Steinhart, David Williams, Thomas Scammell, Julie Flygare, Kimberly McCleary, Monica Gow
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Describe common symptoms, comorbidities, functional limitations, and treatment responsiveness among patients with narcolepsy. Investigate the effect of pediatric onset of narcolepsy symptoms on time to diagnosis of narcolepsy and presence of comorbid depression. METHODS: Cross-sectional survey of 1,699 people in the United States with self-reported diagnosis of narcolepsy. We utilized mixed-methods data analyses to report study findings. RESULTS: Most participants reported receiving a diagnosis of narcolepsy more than 1 y after symptom onset...
November 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923279/does-exercise-training-affect-resting-metabolic-rate-in-adolescents-with-obesity
#9
Angela S Alberga, Denis Prud'homme, Ronald J Sigal, Gary S Goldfield, Stasia Hadjiyannakis, Réjeanne Gougeon, Penny Phillips, Janine Malcolm, George A Wells, Steve Doucette, Jinhui Ma, Glen P Kenny
We evaluated the hypothesis that resistance exercise training performed alone or in combination with aerobic exercise training would increase resting metabolic rate (RMR) relative to aerobic-only and nonexercising control groups. Postpubertal adolescents (N = 304) aged 14-18 years with obesity (body mass index (BMI) ≥ 95th percentile) or overweight (BMI ≥ 85th percentile + additional diabetes risk factor(s)) were randomized to 4 groups for 22 weeks: Aerobic exercise training, Resistance exercise training, Combined aerobic and resistance exercise training, or Control...
August 22, 2016: Applied Physiology, Nutrition, and Metabolism, Physiologie Appliquée, Nutrition et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27922636/dna-methylation-and-substance-use-risk-a-prospective-genome-wide-study-spanning-gestation-to-adolescence
#10
C A M Cecil, E Walton, R G Smith, E Viding, E J McCrory, C L Relton, M Suderman, J-B Pingault, W McArdle, T R Gaunt, J Mill, E D Barker
Epigenetic processes have been implicated in addiction; yet, it remains unclear whether these represent a risk factor and/or a consequence of substance use. Here, we believe we conducted the first genome-wide, longitudinal study to investigate whether DNA methylation patterns in early life prospectively associate with substance use in adolescence. The sample comprised of 244 youth (51% female) from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), with repeated assessments of DNA methylation (Illumina 450k array; cord blood at birth, whole blood at age 7) and substance use (tobacco, alcohol and cannabis use; age 14-18)...
December 6, 2016: Translational Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921216/neural-correlates-of-rumination-in-adolescents-with-remitted-major-depressive-disorder-and-healthy-controls
#11
Katie L Burkhouse, Rachel H Jacobs, Amy T Peters, Olu Ajilore, Edward R Watkins, Scott A Langenecker
The aim of the present study was to use fMRI to examine the neural correlates of engaging in rumination among a sample of remitted depressed adolescents, a population at high risk for future depressive relapse. A rumination induction task was used to assess differences in the patterns of neural activation during rumination versus a distraction condition among 26 adolescents in remission from major depressive disorder (rMDD) and in 15 healthy control adolescents. Self-report depression and rumination, as well as clinician-rated depression, were also assessed among all participants...
December 5, 2016: Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921164/m-type-phospholipase-a2-receptor-pla2r-glomerular-staining-in-pediatric-idiopathic-membranous-nephropathy
#12
Shoichiro Kanda, Shigeru Horita, Takeshi Yanagihara, Akira Shimizu, Motoshi Hattori
BACKGROUND: Identifying M-type phospholipase A2 receptor (PLA2R) is a landmark breakthrough for understanding adult idiopathic membranous nephropathy (iMN). However, potential roles for PLA2R in pediatric iMN have not been well investigated. METHODS: A total of 34 pediatric iMN patients who underwent kidney biopsy between 1972 and 2015 were enrolled in this study. The study cohort consisted of 15 children aged from 3 to 9 years and 19 aged from 10 to 15 years...
December 5, 2016: Pediatric Nephrology: Journal of the International Pediatric Nephrology Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921049/metabolic-syndrome-in-children-and-adolescents
#13
REVIEW
Christine Graf, Nina Ferrari
BACKGROUND: Juvenile obesity is associated with multiple cardiometabolic comorbidities, which may culminate in the metabolic syndrome (MetS). METHODS: Based on a narrative review, the current knowledge of prevalence and the underlying metabolic principles regarding juvenile obesity and MetS are summarized to compile up-to-date information. In addition, the role of lifestyle as well as positive and negative influencing factors are focused on. RESULTS: The prevalence of MetS occurs between 1 and up to 23% in the total pediatric population and in up to 60% amongst the obese and overweight...
October 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919919/subjective-well-being-and-training-load-predict-in-season-injury-and-illness-risk-in-female-youth-soccer-players
#14
Andrew Watson, Stacey Brickson, Alison Brooks, Warren Dunn
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of training load (TL) and well-being on injury and illness risk in youth soccer players. METHODS: Throughout a 20-week season, 75 female adolescent soccer players reported mood, fatigue, stress, soreness, sleep quality, sleep hours, TL, injuries and illnesses. Well-being measures were recorded from -3 (worst) to +3 (best). TL was expressed as daily, weekly and monthly, as well as an acute:chronic workload ratio (weekly divided by monthly)...
December 5, 2016: British Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919863/applying-multiple-data-collection-tools-to-quantify-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-communication-on-twitter
#15
Philip M Massey, Amy Leader, Elad Yom-Tov, Alexandra Budenz, Kara Fisher, Ann C Klassen
BACKGROUND: Human papillomavirus (HPV) is the most common sexually transmitted infection in the United States. There are several vaccines that protect against strains of HPV most associated with cervical and other cancers. Thus, HPV vaccination has become an important component of adolescent preventive health care. As media evolves, more information about HPV vaccination is shifting to social media platforms such as Twitter. Health information consumed on social media may be especially influential for segments of society such as younger populations, as well as ethnic and racial minorities...
December 5, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919499/quality-of-life-and-its-correlates-in-adolescent-multiple-sclerosis-patients
#16
Slavica Ostojic, Dejan Stevanovic, Jasna Jancic
INTRODUCTION: Measures of health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are considered to be more comprehensive in health outcome assessments than scales assessing only the degree of neurological deficit. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to evaluate HRQOL and its correlates among adolescents with multiple sclerosis (MS) in Serbia. METHODS: Demographic, clinical, and patient-reported outcome data were collected for 21 adolescents with MS, aged 14-18 years...
November 2016: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919001/the-impact-of-changing-neighborhoods-switching-schools-and-experiencing-relationship-disruption-on-children-s-adjustment-to-a-new-placement-in-foster-care
#17
Kya Fawley-King, Emily V Trask, Jinjin Zhang, Gregory A Aarons
When children enter a new foster care placement they may experience several different transitions. Not only will a child move in with a new family, he or she may move to a different neighborhood, change schools, lose contact with old friends, be placed apart from one or more siblings, and have limited contact with his or her biological parents. The current study examined the impact of these transitions on foster children's adjustment to a new placement in out-of-home care. The sample consisted of 152 youth ages 6-17...
December 2, 2016: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918951/subjective-alcohol-responses-in-a-cross-sectional-field-based-study-of-adolescents-and-young-adults-effects-of-age-drinking-level-and-dependence-consequences
#18
Hayley Treloar, Mark A Celio, Stephen A Lisman, Robert Miranda, Linda P Spear
BACKGROUND: Adolescents are physically, cognitively, socially, and emotionally different than adults in ways that may partially explain why alcohol misuse typically develops during this period. Ample animal-science evidence and nascent ecological evidence points toward developmentally limited differences in sensitivity to alcohol's stimulatory and sedative effects. Field-based research methods were used to test for such age-related differences in a sample of adolescents through young adults...
November 16, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918948/adult-autism-subthreshold-spectrum-adas-spectrum-validation-of-a-questionnaire-investigating-subthreshold-autism-spectrum
#19
L Dell'Osso, C Gesi, E Massimetti, I M Cremone, M Barbuti, G Maccariello, I Moroni, S Barlati, G Castellini, M Luciano, L Bossini, M Rocchetti, M Signorelli, E Aguglia, A Fagiolini, P Politi, V Ricca, A Vita, C Carmassi, M Maj
AIM: Increasing literature has shown the usefulness of a dimensional approach to autism. The present study aimed to determine the psychometric properties of the Adult Autism Subthreshold Spectrum (AdAS Spectrum), a new questionnaire specifically tailored to assess subthreshold forms of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in adulthood. METHODS: 102 adults endorsing at least one DSM-5 symptom criterion for ASD (ASDc), 143 adults diagnosed with a feeding and eating disorder (FED), and 160 subjects with no mental disorders (CTL), were recruited from 7 Italian University Departments of Psychiatry and administered the following: SCID-5, Autism-Spectrum Quotient (AQ), Ritvo Autism and Asperger Diagnostic Scale 14-item version (RAADS-14), and AdAS Spectrum...
November 9, 2016: Comprehensive Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27918172/an-experimental-test-of-the-bridges-to-high-school-intervention-on-harsh-parenting-and-early-age-intercourse-among-mexican-american-adolescents
#20
Miguelina Germán, Nancy A Gonzales, Stephen G West, Lorey A Wheeler
OBJECTIVE: Can an intervention that contained no content on sex or contraception reduce rates of early-age intercourse among Mexican American adolescents? The current study examined whether the Bridges to High School intervention designed, in part, to decrease harsh parenting, had a longitudinal effect on decreasing rates of early-age intercourse in the treatment versus control groups, as well as the moderating role of gender and linguistic acculturation. METHOD: The sample consisted of 516 Mexican American adolescents (Mage = 12...
December 5, 2016: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
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