keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

modified electroconvulsive therapy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534691/a-case-report-of-schizoaffective-disorder-with-ritualistic-behaviors-and-catatonic-stupor-successful-treatment-by-risperidone-and-modified-electroconvulsive-therapy
#1
Yuanhan Bai, Xi Yang, Zhiqiang Zeng, Haichen Yang
BACKGROUND: Ritualistic behaviors are common in obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), while catatonic stupor occasionally occurs in psychotic or mood disorders. Schizoaffective disorder is a specific mental disorder involving both psychotic and affective symptoms. The syndrome usually represents a specific diagnosis, as in the case of the 10th edition of the International Classification of Diseases (ICD-10) or the 5th edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-5)...
March 13, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29527046/kilpauk-mental-hospital-the-bethlem-of-south-asia-a-recall-of-its-history-prior-to-1970
#2
O Somasundaram, Ponnudurai Ratnaraj
Period of Custodial Care Only: The magnificent "Institute of Mental Health" has its history almost from 1795 when the East India company appointed Surgeon Valentine Conolly to be in charge of a "House for accommodating persons of unsound mind." After a few transitions, backed by a government order for the construction of a lunatic asylum in a 66 1/2 acre site, the asylum started functioning from 1871. The period of about six decades from its inception could be referred to as "the period of custodial care...
February 2018: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29505804/outcome-of-a-three-phase-treatment-algorithm-for-inpatients-with-melancholic-depression
#3
Marlijn Vermeiden, Astrid M Kamperman, Witte J G Hoogendijk, Walter W van den Broek, Tom K Birkenhäger
BACKGROUND: In patients suffering from major depressive disorder, non-response to initial antidepressant monotherapy is relatively common. The use of treatment algorithms may optimize and enhance treatment outcome. METHODS: A single-center 3-phase treatment algorithm was evaluated for inpatients with major depressive disorder, i.e. phase I (n = 85): 7 weeks optimal antidepressant monotherapy (imipramine or venlafaxine); phase II (n = 39): 4 weeks subsequent plasma level-targeted dose lithium addition in case of insufficient improvement of antidepressant monotherapy; and phase III (n = 8): subsequent electroconvulsive therapy in case of insufficient improvement of antidepressant‑lithium treatment...
March 2, 2018: Progress in Neuro-psychopharmacology & Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29497193/use-of-modified-bilateral-electroconvulsive-therapy-during-pregnancy-a-case-series
#4
Sandeep Grover, Pooja Sikka, Shiv Sajan Saini, Neeru Sahni, Subho Chakrabarti, Devakshi Dua, Anisha Aggarwal, Anita Thakur, Shallu Dhiman, Amal Jolly, Swapnajeet Sahoo, Aseem Mehra, Aditya Somani
There is limited literature on the use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) during pregnancy. ECT is considered as a treatment of last resort during pregnancy. In this case series, we present the data of five patients who were administered ECT during pregnancy. The use of ECT required multidisciplinary approach involving psychiatrist, gynecologist, anesthetist and neonatologist. Two patients received ECT during the second trimester and three patients received ECT during the third trimester. In all the patients, ECT was administered by placing the patients in the left lateral position, glycopyrrolate was used for premedication, thiopentone was used for induction, and succinylcholine was used for muscle relaxation...
October 2017: Indian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476250/antidepressant-treatment-effects-on-dopamine-transporter-availability-in-patients-with-major-depression-a-prospective-123-i-fp-cit-spect-imaging-genetic-study
#5
Sabine Hellwig, Lars Frings, Annette Masuch, Werner Vach, Katharina Domschke, Claus Normann, Philipp T Meyer
We investigated if sleep deprivation (SD) and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) affect striatal dopamine transporter (DAT) availability assessed by single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) and123 I-FP-CIT, if dopamine transporter gene (SLC6A3; DAT) variation modifies aforementioned parameters, and if SD response or SD-induced DAT changes correlate with ECT response. Sixteen patients with major depression (MDD) referred for ECT and 12 matched controls were prospectively recruited for imaging and SLC6A3 VNTR genotyping...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117910/increased-resting-state-global-functional-connectivity-density-of-default-mode-network-in-schizophrenia-subjects-treated-with-electroconvulsive-therapy
#6
Huan Huang, Yuchao Jiang, Mengqing Xia, Yingying Tang, Tianhong Zhang, Huiru Cui, Junjie Wang, Yu Li, Lihua Xu, Adrian Curtin, Jianhua Sheng, Yuping Jia, Dezhong Yao, Chunbo Li, Cheng Luo, Jijun Wang
Modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) has been widely applied to help treat schizophrenia patients who are treatment-resistant to pharmaceutical therapy. Although the technique is increasingly prevalent, the underlying neural mechanisms have not been well clarified. We conducted a longitudinal study to investigate the alteration of global functional connectivity density (gFCD) in schizophrenia patients undergoing MECT using resting state fMRI (functional magnetic resonance imaging). Two groups of schizophrenia inpatients were recruited...
November 6, 2017: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29063349/electroconvulsive-therapy-does-not-alter-the-synaptic-protein-neurogranin-in-the-cerebrospinal-fluid-of-patients-with-major-depression
#7
Laura Kranaster, Kaj Blennow, Henrik Zetterberg, Alexander Sartorius
Neurogranin (Ng) is a dendritic protein associated with synaptic plasticity, proposed to be a novel biomarker to measure synaptic dysfunction and degeneration in Alzheimer's disease. Since electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) has been suggested to facilitate neurogenesis and neural plasticity, we tested whether ECT could modify CSF Ng concentrations measured before and after a course of ECT in 12 patients with major depression. CSF Ng concentrations did not change, but baseline levels were positively correlated with the therapeutic response...
December 2017: Journal of Neural Transmission
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28829187/mass-killing-under-the-guise-of-ect-the-darkest-chapter-in-the-history-of-biological-psychiatry
#8
G Gazdag, G S Ungvari, H Czech
Following its inception, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT), rapidly spread all over the world, including Nazi Germany. Paradoxically, at the same time, the euthanasia programme was started in Germany: the extermination of people with intellectual disabilities and severe psychiatric disorders. In Lower Austria, Dr Emil Gelny, who had been granted a specialist qualification in psychiatry after three months of clinical training, took control of two psychiatric hospitals, in Gugging and Mauer-Öhling. In 1944, he began systematically killing patients with an ECT machine, something that was not practised anywhere else before or after, and remains unprecedented in the history of convulsive therapy...
December 2017: History of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694625/does-gender-influence-electroconvulsive-therapy-sessions-required-across-psychiatric-diagnoses-a-5-year-experience-from-a-single-center
#9
Harshini Manohar, Karthick Subramanian, Vikas Menon, Shivanand Kattimani
CONTEXT: There is a paucity of systematic data reflecting the practice of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) from developing countries. AIM: We aimed to identify the number of ECT sessions required to yield response and gender diffeferences in the number of sessions across various diagnostic categories. SETTING AND DESIGN: A record-based study from a teaching cum tertiary care hospital in South India. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Case records of patients who received modified ECT from January 2011 to January 2016 were reviewed...
July 2017: Journal of Neurosciences in Rural Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579785/dexmedetomidine-for-the-management-of-postictal-agitation-after-electroconvulsive-therapy-with-s-ketamine-anesthesia
#10
Suna Su Aksay, Jan Malte Bumb, Dmitry Remennik, Manfred Thiel, Laura Kranaster, Alexander Sartorius, Christoph Janke
OBJECTIVES: Postictal agitation (PIA) represents one of the most common complications during a modified electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) course. Its clinical management can be challenging especially in cases with poor response to benzodiazepines. Dexmedetomidine, a highly selective alpha-2 adrenoceptor agonist acting predominantly in the locus coeruleus, exerts sedative effects without causing relevant respiratory depression. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that aimed to assess the impact of dexmedetomidine use with S-ketamine anesthesia on PIA reduction in ECT...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28503107/the-role-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-ect-in-bipolar-disorder-effectiveness-in-522-patients-with-bipolar-depression-mixed-state-mania-and-catatonic-features
#11
Giulio Perugi, Pierpaolo Medda, Cristina Toni, Michela Giorgi Mariani, Chiara Socci, Mauro Mauri
OBJECTIVE: We evaluated the effectiveness of Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) in the treatment of Bipolar Disorder (BD) in a large sample of bipolar patients with drug resistant depression, mania, mixed state and catatonic features. METHOD: 522 consecutive patients with DSM-IV-TR BD were evaluated prior to and after the ECT course. Responders and nonresponders were compared in subsamples of depressed and mixed patients. Descriptive analyses were reported for patients with mania and with catatonic features...
April 2017: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28431383/protocolized-hyperventilation-enhances-electroconvulsive-therapy
#12
Aida de Arriba-Arnau, Antonia Dalmau, Virginia Soria, Neus Salvat-Pujol, Carmina Ribes, Ana Sánchez-Allueva, José Manuel Menchón, Mikel Urretavizcaya
BACKGROUND: Hyperventilation is recommended in electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) to enhance seizures and to increase patients' safety. However, more evidence is needed regarding its effects and the optimum method of application. METHODS: This prospective study involving 21 subjects compared two procedures, protocolized hyperventilation (PHV) and hyperventilation as usual (HVau), applied to the same patient in two consecutive sessions. Transcutaneous partial pressure of carbon dioxide (TcPCO2) was measured throughout all sessions...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430980/the-relationship-between-symptom-relief-and-psychosocial-functional-improvement-during-acute-electroconvulsive-therapy-for-patients-with-major-depressive-disorder
#13
Ching-Hua Lin, Wei-Cheng Yang
Background: We aimed to compare the degree of symptom relief to psychosocial functional (abbreviated as "functional") improvement and explore the relationships between symptom relief and functional improvement during acute electroconvulsive therapy for patients with major depressive disorder. Methods: Major depressive disorder inpatients (n=130) requiring electroconvulsive therapy were recruited. Electroconvulsive therapy was generally performed for a maximum of 12 treatments...
July 1, 2017: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417028/general-anaesthesia-protocols-for-patients-undergoing-electroconvulsive-therapy-retrospective-analysis-of-504-sessions-over-a-five-year-period-at-a-tertiary-care-hospital-in-oman
#14
Aravind Narayanan, Chandar Lal, Hamed Al-Sinawi
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to review general anaesthesia protocols for patients undergoing electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) at a tertiary care hospital in Oman, particularly with regards to clinical profile, potential drug interactions and patient outcomes. METHODS: This retrospective study took place at the Sultan Qaboos University Hospital (SQUH), Muscat, Oman. The electronic medical records of patients undergoing ECT at SQUH between January 2010 and December 2014 were reviewed for demographic characteristics and therapy details...
February 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28218214/antidepressant-effects-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-unrelated-to-the-brain-s-functional-network-connectivity-alterations-at-an-individual-level
#15
Guang-Dong Chen, Feng Ji, Gong-Ying Li, Bo-Xuan Lyu, Wei Hu, Chuan-Jun Zhuo
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) can alleviate the symptoms of treatment-resistant depression (TRD). Functional network connectivity (FNC) is a newly developed method to investigate the brain's functional connectivity patterns. The first aim of this study was to investigate FNC alterations between TRD patients and healthy controls. The second aim was to explore the relationship between the ECT treatment response and pre-ECT treatment FNC alterations in individual TRD patients...
February 20, 2017: Chinese Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217049/effectiveness-of-sodium-thiopentone-propofol-and-etomidate-as-an-ideal-intravenous-anesthetic-agent-for-modified-electroconvulsive-therapy
#16
Altaf Hussain Mir, Nida Farooq Shah, Mehraj Ud Din, Shabir Ahmad Langoo, Fayaz Ahmad Reshi
INTRODUCTION: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a well-established psychiatric treatment in which seizures are electrically induced in patients for therapeutic effects. ECT can produce severe disturbances in the cardiovascular system and a marked increase in cerebral blood flow and intracranial pressure. These cardiovascular changes may be altered using various anesthetic drugs. AIM AND OBJECTIVES: This study was undertaken to compare the effects of intravenous (IV) sodium thiopentone, propofol, and etomidate, used as IV anesthetic agents in modified ECT as regards, induction time and quality of anesthesia, alteration of hemodynamics, seizure duration, and recovery time...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28141630/neuroprotective-effect-of-modified-electroconvulsive-therapy-for-schizophrenia-a-proton-magnetic-resonance-spectroscopy-study
#17
Jing-Li Gan, Hui-Feng Duan, Zheng-Xiang Cheng, Jia-Ming Yang, Xi-Quan Zhu, Cun-You Gao, Lan-Min Zhao, Xue-Jun Liang
The underlying mechanism of modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) treatment for drug-resistant and catatonic schizophrenia remains unclear. Here, we aim to investigate whether MECT exerts its antipsychotic effects through elevating N-acetylaspartate (NAA) concentration measured by proton magnetic resonance spectroscopy (H-MRS). Multiple-voxel H-MRS was acquired in the bilateral prefrontal cortex (PFC) and thalamus to obtain measures of neurochemistry in 32 MECT, 34 atypical antipsychotic-treated schizophrenic patients, and 34 healthy controls...
June 2017: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065233/optimal-treatment-strategies-of-clozapine-for-refractory-schizophrenia
#18
Yuan-Yuan Li, Yun-Shu Zhang, Jian Wang, Ke-Qing Li, Hong-Ying Wang
Objective To systematically evaluate the efficacy of clozapine combined with other antipsychotic drugs in the treatment of refractory schizophrenia. Methods We searched Medline, EMBASE, and China Biology Medicine databases in both English and Chinese for randomized controlled trials, quasi-randomization controlled trials, and clinical controlled trials concerning the combinations of clozapine with other antipsychotic drugs for refractory schizophrenia. Quality assessment and data extraction were conducted with the Cochrane collaboration's RevMan 5...
December 20, 2016: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27998332/-electroshock-therapy-in-the-third-reich
#19
Lara Rzesnitzek, Sascha Lang
The history of 'electroshock therapy' (now known as electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)) in Europe in the Third Reich is still a neglected chapter in medical history. Since Thomas Szasz's 'From the Slaughterhouse to the Madhouse', prejudices have hindered a thorough historical analysis of the introduction and early application of electroshock therapy during the period of National Socialism and the Second World War. Contrary to the assumption of a 'dialectics of healing and killing', the introduction of electroshock therapy in the German Reich and occupied territories was neither especially swift nor radical...
January 2017: Medical History
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27957514/goal-oriented-anesthesia-week-for-ms-iii-students
#20
Margaret A O'Donoghue, Jeffrey Martel
BACKGROUND: Third year medical students at our institution are required to complete a one-week rotation in anesthesia as part of their required twelve week surgery clerkship. During this constrained time, our aim was to provide students with a focused and goal-oriented preview of anesthesiology which would allow students going into various fields to have an appreciation of the field. CURRICULUM DESIGN: The one-week curriculum is a combination of lecture, simulation, operating room teaching and hands on experience aimed at providing students with some fundamentals of procedural skills and a knowledge base of anesthesia...
July 2016: Journal of Education in Perioperative Medicine: JEPM
keyword
keyword
112829
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"