keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

modified electroconvulsive therapy

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27759808/the-maintenance-of-modified-electroconvulsive-therapy-combined-with-risperidone-is-better-than-risperidone-alone-in-preventing-relapse-of-schizophrenia-and-improving-cognitive-function
#1
Ying Yang, Xiaojing Cheng, Qingzhi Xu, Renjun Li, Zengxun Liu, Liping Wang, Yanqing Zhang, Guoqiang Ren, Jintong Liu
Objective: To evaluate the effect of maintenance modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) on schizophrenic patients. Methods: From June 2012 to June 2014, 62 patients with schizophrenia, who had recovered from a successful course of acute MECT, were recruited. Thirty-one patients received maintenance MECT and risperidone, as the experimental group. Another 31 patients were enrolled in the control group, and received risperidone only. The effects on cognitive functions, clinical symptoms and relapse rate were determined...
October 2016: Arquivos de Neuro-psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27758708/the-role-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-ect-in-bipolar-disorder-effectiveness-in-522-patients-with-bipolar-depression-mixed-state-mania-and-catatonic-features
#2
Giulio Perugi, Pierpaolo Medda, Cristina Toni, Michela Giorgi Mariani, Chiara Socci, Mauro Mauri
We evaluated the effectiveness of Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT) in the treatment of Bipolar Disorder (BD) in a large sample of bipolar patients with drug resistant depression, mania, mixed state and catatonic features. <p> Method: 522 consecutive patients with DSM-IV-TR BD were evaluated prior to and after the ECT course. Responders and nonresponders were compared in subsamples of depressed and mixed patients. Descriptive analyses were reported for patients with mania and with catatonic features. <p> Results: Of the original sample only 22 patients were excluded for the occurrence of side effects or consent withdrawal...
October 17, 2016: Current Neuropharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27668944/factors-related-to-the-changes-in-quality-of-life-for-patients-with-depression-after-an-acute-course-of-electroconvulsive-therapy
#3
Chun-Jen Huang, Yu-Hui Huang, Ching-Hua Lin
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) on quality of life (QOL), depressive symptoms, and functioning for patients with depression, and to explore the variables related to QOL changes. METHODS: Ninety-five inpatients with depression receiving at least 6 ECT sessions and completed all measures were included. Quality of life, symptom severity, and functioning were assessed using Short Form 36 (SF-36), the 17-item Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (HAMD-17), and the Modified Work and Social Adjustment Scale (MWSAS), before and after ECT...
September 23, 2016: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462511/effects-of-modified-electroconvulsive-therapy-on-the-electroencephalogram-of-schizophrenia-patients
#4
Ling Zhao, Yansheng Jiang, Hongxing Zhang
BACKGROUND: This study aimed to investigate the modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) on the electroencephalogram (EEG) of schizophrenia patients. A total of 26 schizophrenia patients who received MECT were recruited. EEG recording was initiated at 30 min before 1st and 6th MECT and terminated on the 2nd day. Images without artifacts were selected for the analysis of δ, θ, α1, α2 and β bands. The wave energy at each frequency, index of waves at different bands from the same lead, index of waves at the same band from different leads, time of epileptic discharge, time of resting state, and time to the stable EEG were determined and compared...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27384628/-clinical-characteristics-of-patients-treated-with-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-a-public-hospital-in-peru
#5
Carla Cortez-Vergara, Lizardo Cruzado, Ira Galia Rojas-Rojas, Miguel Sánchez-Fernández, Guillermo Ladd-Huarachi
With the purpose of describe the profile of use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) on hospitalized patients at "Honorio Delgado - Hideyo Noguchi" National Institute of Mental Health in Lima, Peru, the medical records of patients receiving ECT between 2001 and 2011 were reviewed. The main findings were: four hundred and nineteen ECT courses were applied to 372 patients, with a total of 5439 applications the most common diagnosis was paranoid schizophrenia (70.7%), the most common indication was resistance to treatment (80...
March 2016: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27207907/acute-and-chronic-electroconvulsive-seizures-ecs-differentially-regulate-the-expression-of-epigenetic-machinery-in-the-adult-rat-hippocampus
#6
Madhavi Pusalkar, Shreya Ghosh, Minal Jaggar, Basma Fatima Anwar Husain, Sanjeev Galande, Vidita A Vaidya
BACKGROUND: Electroconvulsive seizure treatment is a fast-acting antidepressant therapy that evokes rapid transcriptional, neurogenic, and behavioral changes. Epigenetic mechanisms contribute to altered gene regulation, which underlies the neurogenic and behavioral effects of electroconvulsive seizure. We hypothesized that electroconvulsive seizure may modulate the expression of epigenetic machinery, thus establishing potential alterations in the epigenetic landscape. METHODS: We examined the influence of acute and chronic electroconvulsive seizure on the gene expression of histone modifiers, namely histone acetyltransferases, histone deacetylases, histone methyltransferases, and histone (lysine) demethylases as well as DNA modifying enzymes, including DNA methyltransferases, DNA demethylases, and methyl-CpG-binding proteins in the hippocampi of adult male Wistar rats using quantitative real time-PCR analysis...
May 17, 2016: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27109143/interventions-for-adults-with-mild-intellectual-disabilities-and-mental-ill-health-a-systematic-review
#7
M Osugo, S-A Cooper
BACKGROUND: People with intellectual disabilities have very high rates of mental ill health. Standard psychosocial interventions designed for the general population may not be accessible for people with mild intellectual disabilities, and drug usage tends to be modified - 'start low and go slow'. This systematic review aims to synthesise the evidence on psychological, pharmacological and electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) interventions for adults with mild intellectual disabilities and mental ill health...
June 2016: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26977130/sudden-cardiac-death-after-modified-electroconvulsive-therapy
#8
Zhihui Wang, Jiyu Wang
Sudden deaths associated with the use of electroconvulsive therapy are rare. In this case report a 58-year-old male with a 20-year history of bipolar disorder and no history or signs of cardiac illness died from cardiac arrest within one hour of receiving an initial session of modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) to treat a recurrent episode of non-psychotic mania. The patient regained consciousness and was medically stable immediately after the MECT session (which did not produce a convulsion) but deteriorated rapidly after transfer to the recovery room...
October 2015: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26915018/long-term-effectiveness-of-modified-electroconvulsive-therapy-compared-with-repetitive-transcranial-magnetic-stimulation-for-the-treatment-of-recurrent-major-depressive-disorder
#9
Xi-Long Jin, Wei-Qin Xu, Ya-Juan Le, Xiong-Kai Dai
This retrospective study recruited 150 patients with recurrent major depressive disorder (MDD) who received modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) and 150 cases treated with repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS), which aimed to compare the short- and long-term effectiveness, as well as economic outcomes, of MECT and rTMS with a large sample size in patients with recurrent MDD. The results showed that the response rate of patients in the rTMS group was lower than that in the MECT group (46.0% vs 58...
June 2016: Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26755993/ect-practices-in-iraq-a-national-audit
#10
REVIEW
Nesif Alhemiary, Zainab Ali, Mohammed J Abbas
Aims and method This national audit examined practice of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in Iraq against local standards. Data were collected by a questionnaire sent to heads of departments or medical directors in the 10 Iraqi hospitals which provide ECT and by examining case notes of all patients who had ECT in the first 6 months of 2013. Results Of the 26 psychiatric hospitals in Iraq, 10 provide ECT. There were some resource shortcomings in the ECT clinics (e.g. only 2 had a minimum of 2 rooms and all had no EEG monitoring)...
December 2015: BJPsych Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26742413/-the-effectiveness-of-combining-remifentanil-with-propofol-to-achieve-seizure-adequacy-in-a-patient-undergoing-modified-electroconvulsive-therapy
#11
Tatsunori Watanabe, Kiyohiro Yoshinaga, Yutaro Suzuki, Toshiyuki Someya, Hiroshi Baba
A patient with medication resistant schizophrenia underwent modified electroconvulsive therapy (12 sessions). Propofol was chosen as a hypnotic agent and the adjustment of its dose and stimulus intensity was attempted. However, despite using propofol of a dose minimally required for hypnosis, adequate seizures could not be induced even with the maximum stimulation. Assuming that propofol was preventing the induction of seizures, it was decided to reduce its dose and at the same time to combine it with remifentanil 100 μg starting from the fifth session...
October 2015: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26595234/prolonged-apnea-during-modified-electroconvulsive-therapy-in-a-patient-of-suicidal-attempt-by-organophosphorus-poisoning-a-case-report
#12
Rajesh Dhakne, Kshirod K Mishra, Vinay Kumar, Praveen Khairkar
Organophosphorus (OP) pesticides are commonly used in agricultural fields to control pests in India. However, exposure to it can cause poisoning in humans and animals, or it can be taken intentionally as poison to commit suicide. We present a case of a 35-year-old suicidal man who developed prolonged apnea for almost 4 hours on day 13 of OP poisoning after brief general anesthesia induced by propofol and 1 mg/kg of suxamethonium, during the first session of the third cycle of modified electroconvulsive therapy, despite all due precautions...
June 2016: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26573499/-clinical-characteristics-of-276-patients-treated-with-electroconvulsive-therapy-at-a-university-clinic-in-medell%C3%A3-n-colombia
#13
María Victoria Ocampo, Clara Isabel Ramírez, José G Franco, Lina María Gómez, Gloria Cardona, Carolina Restrepo
OBJECTIVE: To describe the socio-demographic and clinical characteristics of patients undergoing Electroconvulsive Therapy with Anesthesia and Relaxation (ECTAR) for 10 years in a university clinic. METHODOLOGY: Review of 276 medical records of patients who had undergone ECTAR between 1997 and 2007 at the Clínica Universitaria Bolivariana de Medellín, Colombia. Data was collected through an instrument designed for that purpose and then was analyzed. RESULTS: During 10 years, more than 2000 ECT procedures were performed; most of the patients were female 67...
June 2012: Revista Colombiana de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26508965/increases-in-ips-transcription-factor-oct4-sox2-c-myc-and-klf4-gene-expression-after-modified-electroconvulsive-therapy
#14
Masaki Nishiguchi, Hiroki Kikuyama, Tetsufumi Kanazawa, Atsushi Tsutsumi, Takao Kaneko, Hiroyuki Uenishi, Yasuo Kawabata, Seiya Kawashige, Jun Koh, Hiroshi Yoneda
OBJECTIVE: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is a reasonable option for intractable depression or schizophrenia, but a mechanism of action has not been established. One credible hypothesis is related to neural plasticity. Three genes (Oct4, Sox2, c-Myc) involved in the induction of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells are Wnt-target genes, which constitute a key gene group involved in neural plasticity through the TCF family. Klf4 is the other gene among Yamanaka's four transcription factors, and increases in its expression are induced by stimulation of the canonical Wnt pathway...
October 2015: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26332499/electroconvulsive-therapy-practice-in-spain-a-national-survey
#15
Ignacio Vera, Javier Sanz-Fuentenebro, Mikel Urretavizcaya, Ernesto Verdura, Virginia Soria, Erika Martínez-Amorós, Miquel Bernardo
OBJECTIVES: The use of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in Spain has not been systematically evaluated since 2000 to 2001. The aim of this study is to assess the current use of ECT in Spain. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted covering every psychiatric unit in Spain as of December 31, 2012. RESULTS: About 93.2% of the centers answered the questionnaire. About 54.9% of the psychiatric units applied ECT at a rate of 0.66 patients per 10,000 inhabitants...
March 2016: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26252558/changes-in-problem-solving-capacity-and-association-with-spontaneous-brain-activity-after-a-single-electroconvulsive-treatment-in-major-depressive-disorder
#16
Lian Du, Haitang Qiu, Haixia Liu, Wenjing Zhao, Yong Tang, Yixiao Fu, Xirong Li, Tian Qiu, Hua Hu, Huaqing Meng, Qinghua Luo
BACKGROUND: Modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) has been regarded as the most effective antidepressant therapy, despite its cognitive side effects. However, how MECT influences problem-solving capacity in major depressive disorder (MDD), as well as its underlying neurobiological mechanisms, remains unclear. The present study aimed to assess alterations in problem-solving capacity after MECT and to explore spontaneous brain activity using amplitudes of low-frequency fluctuations (ALFF)/fractional ALFF...
March 2016: Journal of ECT
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25998093/memantine-in-the-prevention-or-alleviation-of-electroconvulsive-therapy-induces-cognitive-disorders-a-placebo-controlled-trial
#17
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Mohammad Abbasinazari, Ladan Adib-Eshgh, Azin Rostami, Narges Beyraghi, Shideh Dabir, Reyhaneh Jafari
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of memantine administration on the adverse cognitive effects of electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). Forty patients diagnosed with a major depressive disorder for which ECT was indicated as a treatment for their current episode were randomly allocated to either the memantine (5mg/day) group or the placebo group. All patients underwent the same protocol for anaesthesia and ECT procedures. The patients received memantine or the placebo for the whole period of ECT treatment, starting the day before ECT and continuing until the fourth session of ECT...
June 2015: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25963957/study-of-modified-electroconvulsive-therapy-combined-with-risperidone-oral-solution-in-the-treatment-of-agitation-in-the-acute-stage-of-epilepsy-and-expression-level-changes-of-insulin-like-growth-factor-1
#18
Jiansheng Li, Chengyan Li
BACKGROUND: The aim of this paper was to explore the efficacy of modified electroconvulsive therapy (MECT) combined with risperidone oral solution in the treatment of agitation in the acute stage of epilepsy, and the effects of insulin-like growth factor-1 mRNA and protein expression. METHODS: Forty-six cases with seizures and agitation in the acute stage were included from February 2012 to February 2014. This study was approved by the ethics committee in our hospital...
September 2016: Journal of Neurosurgical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25916397/autism-like-behavior-in-btbr-mice-is-improved-by-electroconvulsive-therapy
#19
Eunice Hagen, Dana Shprung, Elena Minakova, James Washington, Udaya Kumar, Don Shin, Raman Sankar, Andrey Mazarati
Autism is a developmental disorder characterized by impairments in social and communication abilities, as well as by restricted and repetitive behaviors. Incidence of autism is higher than earlier estimates, and treatments have limited efficacy and are costly. Limited clinical and experimental evidence suggest that patients with autism may benefit from electroconvulsive therapy (ECT). We examined the therapeutic potential of ECT in BTBR T+ tf/j mice, which represent a validated model of autism. A series of 13 electroconvulsive shocks (ECS) delivered twice a day over 7 days reversed core autism-like behavioral abnormalities-impaired sociability, social novelty, and repetitive behavior-when the animals were tested 24 h after the last ECS...
July 2015: Neurotherapeutics: the Journal of the American Society for Experimental NeuroTherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25850383/effect-of-electroconvulsive-seizures-on-pattern-separation
#20
Maria Svensson, Matilda Grahm, Joakim Ekstrand, Pouya Movahed-Rad, Mikael Johansson, Anders Tingström
Strategies employing different techniques to inhibit or stimulate neurogenesis have implicated a role for adult-born neurons in the therapeutic effect of antidepressant drugs, as well as a role in memory formation. Electroconvulsive seizures (ECS), an animal model of electroconvulsive therapy, robustly stimulate hippocampal neurogenesis, but it is not known how this relates to either therapeutic efficacy or unwanted cognitive side effects. We hypothesized that the ECS-derived increase in adult-born neurons would manifest in improved pattern separation ability, a memory function that is believed to be both hippocampus-dependent and coupled to neurogenesis...
November 2015: Hippocampus
keyword
keyword
112829
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"