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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918585/prevalence-and-risk-factors-for-intestinal-carriage-of-ctx-m-type-esbls-in-enterobacteriaceae-from-a-thai-community
#1
P R Niumsup, U Tansawai, A Na-Udom, D Jantapalaboon, K Assawatheptawee, A Kiddee, T Romgaew, S Lamlertthon, T R Walsh
The incidence of infections caused by antimicrobial-resistant Enterobacteriaceae in Thailand is increasing and human intestinal flora is an important reservoir for these organisms. This study was carried out to determine the intestinal carriage of bla CTX-M extended spectrum ß-lactamase-positive Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL + E) and AmpC-positive Enterobacteriaceae in a community setting in Northern Thailand, and to identify potential risk factors for carriage. A total of 307 fecal samples were collected from healthy volunteers in Phitsanulok province, and cefotaxime-resistant Enterobacteriaceae (CtxRE) were isolated using selective media...
September 16, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Microbiology & Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918583/evidence-for-contrasting-accumulation-pattern-of-cadmium-in-relation-to-other-elements-in-senilia-senilis-and-tagelus-adansoni-from-the-bijag%C3%A3-s-archipelago-guinea-bissau
#2
Teresa Catry, Paula Figueira, Lina Carvalho, Rui Monteiro, Pedro Coelho, Pedro Miguel Lourenço, Paulo Catry, Quintino Tchantchalam, Inês Catry, Maria J Botelho, Eduarda Pereira, José Pedro Granadeiro, Carlos Vale
Shellfish harvesting in intertidal areas is a widespread and economically important activity in many countries across West Africa. However, in some areas, there is virtually no information concerning the levels of contaminants (and other elements related to nutritional aspects) in the harvested species. We collected sediments and several individuals of the West African bloody cockle Senilia senilis and of the razor clam Tagelus adansoni during the dry season of 2015 nearby three islands in the Bijagós archipelago, Guinea-Bissau...
September 16, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918575/optimum-spacing-between-electrodes-in-an-air-cathode-single-chamber-microbial-fuel-cell-with-a-low-cost-polypropylene-separator
#3
Sanath Kondaveeti, Jung Mi Moon, Booki Min
The performance of a single chamber microbial fuel cell (MFC) with a low-cost polypropylene separator was investigated at various electrode interspaces in a separator electrode assembly (SEA). The lag period was shortened (3.74-0.17 days) and voltage generation was enhanced (0.2-0.5 V) as electrode spacing was increased from 0 to 9 mm. Power density was increased from 220 to 370 mW/m(2) with increased spacing. The highest power density of 488 mW/m(2) was obtained in polarization analysis with 6 mm. The oxygen mass transfer coefficients with 0 mm (K o = 3...
September 16, 2017: Bioprocess and Biosystems Engineering
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918573/anti-inflammatory-effects-of-ginkgo-biloba-extract-against-trimethyltin-induced-hippocampal-neuronal-injury
#4
Sukhwinder Kaur, Neha Sharma, Bimla Nehru
BACKGROUND: Despite the immense neuromodulatory potentials of Ginkgo biloba extract as a memory enhancer, its underlying mechanism seems inadequate particularly with regard to its anti-inflammatory properties. AIM: The objective of the present study is to investigate the protective potentials of Ginkgo biloba extract (GBE) against hippocampal neuronal injury induced by trimethyltin (TMT), a potent neurotoxicant. METHODS: Male SD rats were administered trimethyltin (8...
September 16, 2017: Inflammopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918560/margin-free-excision-of-small-solid-breast-carcinomas-using-the-intact-breast-lesion-excision-system-%C3%A2-is-it-feasible
#5
Ioannis K Papapanagiotou, Dimitra Koulocheri, Vasileios Kalles, Paraskevi Liakou, Nikolaos V Michalopoulos, Wasim Al-Harethee, Georgia Georgiou, Maria Matiatou, Afroditi Nonni, Anastasia Pazaiti, Georgios E Theodoropoulos, Evangelos Menenakos, Georgios C Zografos
BACKGROUND: The Breast Lesion Excision System(®) (BLES(®)) is a stereotactic vacuum-assisted breast biopsy device that utilizes radiofrequency in order to excise non-palpable mammographic lesions for pathologic diagnosis. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of BLES(®) in performing complete, margin-free excisions of small solid carcinomas. METHODS: Our retrospective study of prospectively enrolled patients included 50 cases of non-palpable, BIRADS ≥ 4, solid by means of mammography and sonography, lesions...
September 16, 2017: Breast Cancer: the Journal of the Japanese Breast Cancer Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918555/prognostic-factors-for-mortality-in-middle-aged-and-older-hemodialysis-patients-a-5-year-observational-study
#6
Kojiro Nagai, Motokazu Matsuura, Kenji Tsuchida, Hiro-Omi Kanayama, Toshio Doi, Jun Minakuchi
Clinical guidelines for hemodialysis therapy have been described in an evidence-based manner with most evidence from randomized control trials or retrospective studies in which all generations of the hemodialysis patients were enrolled. Therefore, the question still remains whether these guidelines can be applied to increasing older patients. This study is an observational study, including 735 patients who received maintenance hemodialysis in April 2006. At baseline, the participants' age was 62.1 ± 12...
September 16, 2017: Journal of Artificial Organs: the Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Artificial Organs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918455/in-hospital-outcomes-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-with-cardiogenic-shock-caused-by-right-coronary-artery-occlusion-vs-left-coronary-artery-occlusion
#7
Yousuke Taniguchi, Kenichi Sakakura, Yusuke Adachi, Naoyuki Akashi, Yusuke Watanabe, Masamitsu Noguchi, Kei Yamamoto, Yusuke Ugata, Hiroshi Wada, Shin-Ichi Momomura, Hideo Fujita
In-hospital outcomes of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) with cardiogenic shock (CS) were still not satisfactory even in the primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) era. The aim of this study was to compare in-hospital outcomes of AMI with CS caused by right coronary artery (RCA) occlusion vs. left coronary artery (LCA) occlusion. Consecutive 894 AMI patients from January 2010 to March 2015 were screened for inclusion. A total of 114 AMI patients with CS were included as the final study population, and were divided into the RCA group (n = 56) and LCA group (n = 58)...
September 16, 2017: Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918281/distribution-of-vocs-in-urban-and-rural-atmospheres-of-subtropical-india-temporal-variation-source-attribution-ratios-ofp-and-risk-assessment
#8
Amit Kumar, Deepak Singh, Krishan Kumar, Braj Bihari Singh, Vinod Kumar Jain
This paper reports the first study which comprises the seasonal, diurnal variability, source characterization, ozone forming potential and risk assessment of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) at three sites (two urban and one rural) in the National Capital Territory of Delhi, India. The study was performed during three seasons of the year 2013-14 and two different categories of VOCs (aromatics and halogenated) have been selected. The study used the sampling and analytical procedures of NIOSH methods. Results showed that the mean concentration of sum of VOCs (∑VOC) is significantly higher at urban sites (110...
September 14, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918185/isolated-limb-perfusion-for-locally-advanced-angiosarcoma-in-extremities-a-multi-centre-study
#9
E A Huis In 't Veld, D J Grünhagen, C Verhoef, H G Smith, A C J van Akkooi, R Jones, F van Coevorden, A J Hayes, W J van Houdt
BACKGROUND: Angiosarcomas are rare and aggressive soft-tissue sarcomas. The only potential curative treatment is complete surgical excision. This study reports the outcome of isolated limb perfusion (ILP) with high-dose melphalan and tumour necrosis factor α for locally advanced angiosarcoma. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All patients who underwent an ILP for angiosarcomas between 1991 and 2016 in three tertiary referral centres were identified from prospectively maintained databases...
September 14, 2017: European Journal of Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918162/how-high-level-of-anxiety-in-panic-disorder-can-interfere-in-working-memory-a-computer-simulation-and-electrophysiological-investigation
#10
Luiza Wanick Di Giorgio Silva, Danielle Aprigio, Jesse Di Giacomo, Mariana Gongora, Henning Budde, Juliana Bittencourt, Mauricio Cagy, Silmar Teixeira, Pedro Ribeiro, Marcele Regine de Carvalho, Rafael Freire, Antonio Egidio Nardi, Luis Fernando Basile, Bruna Velasques
Panic disorder (PD) is characterized by repeated and unexpected attacks of intense anxiety, which are not restricted to a determined situation or circumstance. The coherence function has been used to investigate the communication among brain structures through the quantitative EEG (qEEG). The objective of this study is to analyze if there is a difference in frontoparietal gamma coherence (GC) between panic disorder patients (PDP) and healthy controls (HC) during the Visual oddball paradigm; and verify if high levels of anxiety (produced by a computer simulation) affect PDP's working memory...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918142/mortality-and-health-treatment-rates-of-dairy-calves-in-automated-milk-feeding-systems-in-the-upper-midwest-of-the-united-states
#11
M W Jorgensen, A Adams-Progar, A M de Passillé, J Rushen, J A Salfer, M I Endres
Automated calf feeding systems are increasing in use across the United States, yet information regarding health and mortality outcomes of animals in these systems is limited. The objective of this study was to investigate the relationship between farm management practices, housing, and environmental factors with mortality and health treatment rates of preweaned dairy calves housed in groups with automated feeding systems. Farm records were collected for health treatments and mortality on 26 farms in the Upper Midwest of the United States...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918133/short-communication-short-term-intravenous-amino-acid-infusions-as-a-method-to-detect-limiting-amino-acids-in-dairy-cattle-diets
#12
Roni Yair, Michael S Allen
We hypothesized that the addition of limiting AA increases dry matter intake (DMI) by reducing anaplerosis and hepatic oxidation. Accordingly, the objective of this work was to examine the effects of short-term intravenous infusions of Met, Lys, and His (which are considered the most limiting AA) on DMI as a method to detect whether specific AA are limiting in dairy cow diets. We conducted 4 experiments using Holstein cows in the immediate postpartum period to address this objective. The first experiment used 4 cows 6 to 10 d postpartum (PP) in a 4 × 4 Latin square design with 1-d periods including 12 h for infusions and 12 h for recovery...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918094/post-acute-care-for-children-with-special-health-care-needs
#13
Charles D Phillips, Chau Truong, Hye-Chung Kum, Obioma Nwaiwu, Robert Ohsfeldt
BACKGROUND: Almost all studies of post-acute care (PAC) focus on older persons, frequently those suffering from chronic health problems. Some research is available on PAC for the pediatric population in general. However, very few studies focus on PAC services for children with special health care needs (SHCN). OBJECTIVE: To investigate factors affecting the provision of PAC to children with SHCN. METHODS: Pooled cross-sectional data from Texas Department of State Health Services hospital discharge database from 2011-2014 were analyzed...
September 8, 2017: Disability and Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918087/left-atrial-enlargement-and-anticoagulation-status-in-patients-with-acute-ischemic-stroke-and-atrial-fibrillation
#14
Katarina Dakay, Andrew D Chang, Morgan Hemendinger, Shawna Cutting, Ryan A McTaggart, Mahesh V Jayaraman, Antony Chu, Nikhil Panda, Christopher Song, Alexander Merkler, Gino Gialdini, Benjamin Kummer, Michael P Lerario, Hooman Kamel, Mitchell S V Elkind, Karen L Furie, Shadi Yaghi
BACKGROUND: Despite anticoagulation therapy, ischemic stroke risk in atrial fibrillation (AF) remains substantial. We hypothesize that left atrial enlargement (LAE) is more prevalent in AF patients admitted with ischemic stroke who are therapeutic, as opposed to nontherapeutic, on anticoagulation. METHODS: We included consecutive patients with AF admitted with ischemic stroke between April 1, 2015, and December 31, 2016. Patients were divided into two groups based on whether they were therapeutic (warfarin with an international normalized ratio ≥ 2...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918003/relevance-of-adding-a-triangular-dynamic-cushion-on-a-traditional-chair-a-3d-analysis-of-seated-schoolchildren
#15
T Fettweis, M N Onkelinx, C Schwartz, C Demoulin, J L Croisier, M Vanderthommen
BACKGROUND: Low back pain is highly prevalent in the general population and is even reported as early as at primary school. A poor sitting position has been suggested as an etiologic factor. This study analysed, in primary schoolchildren, the influence of a triangular dynamic cushion that aims to help children maintain their physiological lumbar lordosis and to induce movement to reduce the static effect of the sitting position. METHODS: Thirty 8-year-old children took part in this study...
September 8, 2017: Clinical Biomechanics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917996/poor-efficacy-of-tnf-inhibitors-in-non-radiographic-axial-spondyloarthritis-in-the-absence-of-objective-signs-a-bicentric-retrospective-study
#16
Céline Vidal, Cédric Lukas, Bernard Combe, Francis Berenbaum, Yves Marie Pers, Christian Jorgensen, Jérémie Sellam, Jacques Morel
OBJECTIVE: To compare BASDAI 50 response rate to TNFi in axial spondyloarthritis (axSpA) depending on the presence or not of objective signs of axSpA and to look for predictive factors of TNFi efficacy. METHODS: Patients diagnosed with axSpA according to ASAS criteria "clinical arm" and treated between January 2001 and September 2015 with TNFi were included. First group included patients with at least one objective sign such as arthritis, dactylitis, enthesitis, uveitis, inflammatory bowel disease, elevated C-reactive protein or radiological sacroiliitis, and second group included non-radiographic axSpA (nr-axSpA) patients without any objective sign corresponding to patients with inflammatory back pain and either a good response to NSAID or a SpA family history...
September 13, 2017: Joint, Bone, Spine: Revue du Rhumatisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917949/linear-association-between-number-of-modifiable-risk-factors-and-multiple-chronic-conditions-results-from-the-behavioral-risk-factor-surveillance-system
#17
Mary L Adams, Joseph Grandpre, David L Katz, Douglas Shenson
Multiple (≥2) chronic conditions (MCCs) are responsible for a large fraction of healthcare costs. Our aim was to examine possible associations between MCCs and composite measures of behavioral risk factors (RFs). Data were publicly available 2013 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System and included 483,865 non-institutionalized US adults ages ≥18years. Chronic conditions included asthma, arthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, cognitive impairment, heart disease, stroke, cancer, and kidney disease...
September 13, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917740/switchable-zipper-like-thermoresponsive-molecularly-imprinted-polymers-for-selective-recognition-and-extraction-of-estradiol
#18
Huihuang Xiong, Xiaqing Wu, Wenhui Lu, Junqing Fu, Hailong Peng, Jinhua Li, Xiaoyan Wang, Hua Xiong, Lingxin Chen
Zipper-like thermoresponsive molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) were prepared based on interpolymer complexation via the synergy of dual functional monomers of acrylamide (AAm) and 2-acrylamide-2-methyl propanesulfonic acid (AMPS) for selective recognition and extraction of estradiol (E2) by temperature regulation. The resulting E2-MIPs attained controlled adsorption and release of E2 in response to temperature change, with higher adsorption capacity (8.78mg/g) and stronger selectivity (imprinting factor was 3...
January 1, 2018: Talanta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917519/endoscopic-or-arthroscopic-iliopsoas-tenotomy-for-iliopsoas-impingement-followingtotal-hip-replacement-a-prospective-multicenter-64-case-series
#19
W Guicherd, N Bonin, T Gicquel, J E Gedouin, X Flecher, M Wettstein, M Thaunat, N Prevost, E Ollier, O May
INTRODUCTION: Impingement between the acetabular component and the iliopsoas tendon is a cause of anterior pain after total hip replacement (THR). Treatment can be non-operative, endoscopic or arthroscopic, or by open revision of the acetabular component. Few studies have assessed these options. The present study hypothesis was that endo/arthroscopic treatment provides rapid pain relief with a low rate of complications. METHODS: A prospective multicenter study included 64 endoscopic or arthroscopic tenotomies for impingement between the acetabular component and the iliopsoas tendon, performed in 8 centers...
September 13, 2017: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917499/association-of-sleep-with-sudden-unexpected-death-in-epilepsy
#20
REVIEW
Ahmer Ali, Shasha Wu, Naoum P Issa, Sandra Rose, Vernon L Towle, Peter Warnke, James X Tao
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the association of sleep with sudden unexpected death in epilepsy (SUDEP). METHODS: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis based on literature search from databases PubMed, Web of Science, and Scopus using keywords "SUDEP", or "sudden unexpected death in epilepsy", or "sudden unexplained death in epilepsy". Sudden unexpected death in epilepsy was considered to occur during sleep if the patient was found in bed, if the SUDEP cases were documented as in sleep, or if the patient was found at bedside on the bedroom floor...
September 13, 2017: Epilepsy & Behavior: E&B
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