Read by QxMD icon Read


Kevin P Murphy, Liam J Healy, Lee Crush, Maria Twomey, Fiachra Moloney, Sylvia Sexton, Owen J O'Connor, Michael M Maher
AIM: To assess the effect of neutral (NC) and positive (PC) oral contrast use on patient dose in low-dose abdominal computed tomography (CT). METHODS: Low-dose clinically indicated CTs were performed on 79 Crohn's patients (35 = PC, 1 L 2% gastrografin; 44 = NC, 1.5 L polyethylene glycol). Scanner settings for both acquisitions were identical apart from 25 s difference in intravenous contrast timing. Body mass index (BMI), scan-ranges, dose-length product and size-specific dose estimated were recorded...
September 28, 2016: World Journal of Radiology
Jun Kuwabara, Yuji Watanabe, You Kojima, Naoyuki Higaki, Yoshiou Ikeda, Kouichi Sato, Motohira Yoshida, Yuji Yamamoto, Satoshi Kikuchi
INTRODUCTION: Spontaneous esophageal rupture is a rare condition with a high mortality rate, and it is generally treated by surgery. In the present report, successful non-surgical closure of spontaneous esophageal rupture by endoscopic ligation with snare loops in a patient with pyopneumothorax and septicemia is presented. CASE DESCRIPTION: The case of an 80-year-old man patient with spontaneous esophageal rupture who was cured by endoscopic ligation with snare loops is reported...
2016: SpringerPlus
Vincent Ceuterick, Herbert Decaluwé, Willy Coosemans, Philippe Nafteux, Hans Van Veer, Dirk Van Raemdonck, Paul De Leyn
Esophageal wall rupture after EUS-FNA for mediastinal staging is a severe complication. Here we describe the management of two patients with esophageal wall rupture and the presence of empyema. Management was in both cases surgical and consisted of a decortication via thoracotomy. Postoperative IV antibiotics and parenteral nutrition were continued until the first negative X-ray with gastrografin. Both patients recovered and left the hospital in good condition and with oral intake.
February 2016: Acta Chirurgica Belgica
Gianluca Costa, Paolo Ruscelli, Genoveffa Balducci, Francesco Buccoliero, Laura Lorenzon, Barbara Frezza, Piero Chirletti, Franco Stagnitti, Stefano Miniello, Francesco Stella
BACKGROUND: Intestinal obstructions/pseudo-obstruction of the small/large bowel are frequent conditions but their management could be challenging. Moreover, a general agreement in this field is currently lacking, thus SICUT Society designed a consensus study aimed to define their optimal workout. METHODS: The Delphi methodology was used to reach consensus among 47 Italian surgical experts in two study rounds. Consensus was defined as an agreement of 75.0% or greater...
2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Yaser M K Baghdadi, Asad J Choudhry, Naeem Goussous, Mohammad A Khasawneh, Stephanie F Polites, Martin D Zielinski
BACKGROUND: The gastrografin (GG) challenge is a diagnostic and therapeutic tool used to treat patients with small bowel obstruction (SBO); however, long-term data on SBO recurrence after the GG challenge remain limited. We hypothesized that patients treated with GG would have the same long-term recurrence as those treated before the implementation of the GG challenge protocol. METHODS: Patients ≥18 years who were treated for SBO between July 2009 and December 2012 were identified...
May 1, 2016: Journal of Surgical Research
Takayuki Imai, Takahiro Goto, Ko Matsumoto, Koreyuki Kurosawa, Yukinori Asada, Shigeru Saijo, Kazuto Matsuura
Free jejunal transfer is the main technique used for reconstructing a circumferential defect caused by total pharyngo-laryngo-cervical-esophagectomy in certain cancer cases. We report a rare case of severe late-onset dysphagia caused by autonomous spastic peristalsis, which led to complete obstruction of the free jejunal route. A 70-year-old man underwent treatment for hypopharyngeal cancer involving total pharyngolaryngectomy with free jejunal transfer. After uneventful peri- and postoperative recovery, he developed sudden-onset severe dysphagia 22 months later...
December 2016: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
Liu Jun, Sun ChangYi
Early intestinal obstruction is easily misdiagnosed. Many physicians consider terminal bouton if computed tomography (CT) scan is done. However, different examinations provide diverse information and significance. This retrospective, randomized, clinical study investigated the diagnostic value of three imaging modalities for intestinal obstruction, supine and upright (or decubitus) plain abdominal radiography, contrast radiography using Gastrografin, and 64 multi-slice spiral CT (MSCT). A total 142 patients with intestinal obstruction were examined...
December 2015: Indian Journal of Surgery
Konstantinos Lasithiotakis, Assad Aghahoseini, David Alexander
BACKGROUND: A defunctioning loop ileostomy mitigates the consequences of anastomotic leak from low rectal anastomosis but it is associated with significant morbidity. In this study, the outcome of early reversal of defunctioning ileostomy during the same admission with the primary operation was assessed. METHODS: This randomized study was carried out at York Teaching Hospital during the period 2003-2007. All patients with defunctioning ileostomy were considered for an early second operation if they had an uneventful recovery and were in good general condition...
July 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Christine M P Krull, Andrew C Dennison
Buried bumper syndrome is a potentially dangerous complication related to percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy tube placement. Early diagnosis of this condition is important to avoid further complications related to subcutaneous or intraperitoneal administration of tube feedings. However, diagnosis in persons with altered mental status due to brain injury is challenging because of the patient's lack of ability to communicate and report symptoms. We present 2 case studies that demonstrate both the importance of early diagnosis and management and the lack of adequate sensitivity of a Gastrografin-aided kidney, ureter, and bladder (KUB) study...
September 2016: PM & R: the Journal of Injury, Function, and Rehabilitation
K Isaksson, E Weber, R Andersson, B Tingstedt
AIM: To study and identify early clinical and radiological findings that could help to predict operative intervention for small bowel obstruction. MATERIALS AND METHODS: One hundred and nine consecutive patients with small bowel obstruction who underwent small bowel follow-through examination with Gastrografin(®) during 2005-2006. The patients were divided into an operative group and a non-operative group, n = 44 and 65, respectively. Findings primarily noted were those which were possible to register within 1-4 h from hospital arrival...
April 2011: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Kazutomo Togashi, Tomoki Fujita, Kenichi Utano, Eriko Waga, Shinichi Katsuki, Noriyuki Isohata, Shungo Endo, Alan K Lefor
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS: Sodium phosphate is a key component of bowel preparation regimen for colon capsule endoscopy (CCE), but may cause serious complications. The aim of this study is to evaluate the use of Gastrografin, substituted for sodium phosphate, in CCE bowel preparation. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In total, 29 patients (median age 64 years; 23 females) underwent CCE, covered by the national health insurance system of Japan. All had a history of laparotomy and/or previously incomplete colonoscopy...
December 2015: Endoscopy International Open
Gokulakkrishna Subhas, Anupam Gupta, Mubashir Sabir, Vijay K Mittal
Twist of stomach remnant post sleeve gastrectomy is a rare entity and difficult to diagnose pre-operatively. We are reporting a case of gastric volvulus post laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy, which was managed conservatively. A 38-year-old lady with a body mass index of 54 underwent laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy. Sleeve gastrectomy was performed over a 32 French bougie using Endo-GIA tri-stapler. On post-operative day 1, patient had nausea and non-bilious vomiting. An upper gastrointestinal gastrografin study on post-operative days 1 and 2 revealed collection of contrast in the fundic area of stomach with poor flow distally, and she vomited gastrograffin immediately post procedure...
November 27, 2015: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Lie-Jun Mei, Lin-Wei Wang, Chao-Qun Huang, Xiao-Jun Yang, Yan Li
This study was conducted to evaluate the functional impact of peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) on the gastrointestinal system by oral gastrografin radiography (OGR). OGR was performed on 105 patients with PC from abdominal malignancies. The OGR characteristics were analyzed and compared with intraoperative observations. OGR provided real-time dynamic information on the functional impacts of PC. The OGR findings were normal in 9 (8.6%) and abnormal in 96 (91.4%) cases. In terms of frequency, 33 cases (31.4%) exhibited mild intestinal aggregation and flattening of the intestinal mucosa; 29 cases (27...
September 2015: Molecular and Clinical Oncology
Jose Bueno-Lledó, Sebastian Barber, Javier Vaqué, Mateo Frasson, Eduardo Garcia-Granero, Manuel Juan-Burgueño
BACKGROUND: Gastrografin represents a useful tool in the diagnosis and management of adhesive small bowel obstruction (ASBO). The aim of this study is to identify variables with negative influence in nonoperative management with gastrografin. METHODS: From August 2008 to March 2013, 223 consecutive patients with 235 episodes of ASBO were included and received gastrografin. A protocol for prospective data collection was developed. In order to explore factors related to the failure of nonoperative treatment, univariate and multivariate analysis were performed...
2016: Digestive Surgery
Luca Mezzetto, Elio Treppiedi, Lorenzo Scorsone, Simone Giacopuzzi, Simone Perandini, Marco Macrì, Gian Franco Veraldi
BACKGROUND: Esophageal perforation involving the thoracic aorta is a rare but potentially life-threatening event. Esophageal wall dehiscence, aortoesophageal fistula, mycotic aneurysms, or mediastinitis may complicate this challenging condition, and a multidisciplinary approach is mandatory. Aggressive endoscopic and medical therapy followed by thoracic endovascular aneurysm repair (TEVAR) may be a valuable approach to reduce the mortality rate of this catastrophic event. CASE REPORT: A 79-year-old man presented at the emergency department with a 2-day history of worsening dysphagia and fever, suddenly appeared after consuming mutton meat...
January 2016: Annals of Vascular Surgery
Mohamed Amin El-Gohary
OBJECTIVE: To highlight a new phenomenon that we have encountered in children during the past 5 years. Children in this group have a pathognomonic clinical picture of sudden acute severe abdominal colic during which the child is continuously screaming for 1-2 min. All these patients were initially diagnosed on clinical and ultrasonographic grounds as acute intussusception. Careful interpretation of the radiological findings revealed faecal impaction of the terminal ileum and caecum...
2015: BMJ Open Gastroenterology
Sebastiano Biondo, Jordi Miquel, Eloy Espin-Basany, Jose Luis Sanchez, Thomas Golda, Ana Maria Ferrer-Artola, Antonio Codina-Cazador, Ricardo Frago, Esther Kreisler
BACKGROUND: Postoperative ileus is a common problem with significant clinical and economic consequences. We hypothesized that Gastrografin may have therapeutic utility by accelerating the recovery of postoperative ileus after colorectal surgery. The aim of this trial was to study the impact of oral Gastrografin administration on postoperative prolonged ileus (PPI) after elective colorectal surgery. METHODS: The main endpoint of this randomized, double-blinded, controlled trial was time of resolution of PPI...
January 2016: World Journal of Surgery
Raashid Hamid, Nisar Bhat, Aejaz Baba, Gowhar Mufti, Sheikh Khursheed, Sajad A Wani, Imran Ali, Faheem Hassan
OBJECTIVE: Ascaris-induced small bowel obstruction (SBO) is a common sequel of Ascaris lumbricoides (AL) infestation. Most cases respond to conservative treatment practiced in different centers worldwide. We conceived a prospective randomized trial to compare the conservative treatment with gastrografin administered in addition to the conservative treatment. STUDY DESIGN: This prospective randomized study was conducted between January 2011 and June 2014 at Department of Paediatric and Neonatal Surgery, a tertiary-care hospital...
December 2015: Pediatric Surgery International
Dan Azagury, Rockson C Liu, Ashley Morgan, David A Spain
The initial goal of evaluating a patient with SBO is to immediately identify strangulation and need for urgent operative intervention, concurrent with rapid resuscitation. This relies on a combination of traditional clinical signs and CT findings. In patients without signs of strangulation, a protocol for administration of Gastrografin immediately in the emergency department efficiently sorts patients into those who will resolve their obstructions and those who will fail nonoperative management.Furthermore, because of the unique ability of Gastrografin to draw water into the bowel lumen, it expedites resolution of partial obstructions, shortening time to removal of nasogastric tube liberalization of diet, and discharge from the hospital...
October 2015: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
M Ezzedien Rabie, Olajide Ogunbiyi, Abdullah Saad Al Qahtani, Sherif B M Taha, Ahmad El Hadad, Ismail El Hakeem
Background. Superior mesenteric artery (SMA) syndrome is a rare condition of duodenal obstruction, caused by the overlying SMA. Aim. To report on our experience with the management of SMA syndrome, drawing the attention to its existence. Material and Methods. We reviewed our records to identify cases diagnosed with SMA syndrome, in the period from October 1995 to January 2012. Results. Seven patients were identified, one male and six females. Their mean age was 17.1 years. Vomiting and abdominal pain were the presenting complaints in all patients and history of weight loss was present in six of them...
2015: Surgery Research and Practice
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"