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Demodex mite

K Raoufinejad, P Mansouri, M Rajabi, Z Naraghi, R Jebraeili
BACKGROUND: Rosacea is a chronic, multifactorial, dermatological condition. Increased density of Demodex folliculorum mites in the skin of rosacea patients suggests a possible role for these mites in the pathophysiology of rosacea. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of permethrin 5% topical gel vs. placebo on Demodex density (Dd) and clinical presentations of rosacea patients, and also to further refine the quantitative assessment of Dd in the non-invasive standard skin surface biopsy (SSSB)...
September 7, 2016: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
Fabienne M N Forton, Viviane De Maertelaer
Diagnosing papulopustular rosacea is not always straightforward; no specific diagnostic test is currently available. A high density of Demodex mites is consistently observed in this condition. This retrospective study assesses an improved method for evaluating Demodex density among 1,044 patients presenting to our dermatology practice. The skin was cleaned with ether and Demodex densities were measured in 2 consecutive standardized skin surface biopsies taken from the same site. Mean densities in patients with rosacea and demodicosis were much higher than those in healthy controls and patients with other facial dermatoses...
August 30, 2016: Acta Dermato-venereologica
Peter C Smith, Caroline J Zeiss, Amanda P Beck, Jodi A Scholz
Demodex musculi, a prostigmatid mite that has been reported infrequently in laboratory mice, has been identified with increasing frequency in contemporary colonies of immunodeficient mice. Here we describe 2 episodes of D. musculi infestation with associated clinical signs in various genetically engineered mouse strains, as well as treatment strategies and an investigation into transmissibility and host susceptibility. The first case involved D. musculi associated with clinical signs and pathologic lesions in BALB/c-Tg(DO11...
2016: Comparative Medicine
Yang Luo, Yu-Jiao Sun, Li Zhang, Xiu-Li Luan
OBJECTIVE: Treatment of Demodex infestations is often inadequate and associated with low effective rate. We sought to evaluate the efficacy of an ornidazole-based sequential therapy for mites folliculitis treatment. METHODS: Two-hundred patients with mites folliculitis were sequentially treated with either an ornidazole- or metronidazole-based regimen. Sebum cutaneum was extruded from the sebaceous glands of each patient's nose and the presence of Demodex mites were examined by light microscopy...
July 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
Josete Garcia Bersano, Márcia Cristina Mendes, Fernanda Calvo Duarte, Claudia Del Fava, Sueli Moda de Oliveira, Elizabeth Spósito Filha, Eliana Scarcelli Pinheiro, Alessandra Figueiredo de Castro Nassar, Maria Cristina de Vasconcellos Bilynskyj, Renato Akio Ogata, Paulo Henrique Selbmann Sampaio, Margareth Élide Genovez
This paper reports the occurrence of porcine demodicosis caused by the mite Demodex phylloides in hogs reared in a peri-urban family farm located in Francisco Morato, a municipality of the Metropolitan Region of São Paulo, capital city of the state of São Paulo, Brazil. In a parcel of forty Landrace - Large White cross hogs, approximately four months old, four animals presented severe skin lesions in the form of small nodules over their entire body, especially in the periocular region, snout, lower abdomen and flanks...
June 8, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Michael J Yabsley, Sarah E Clay, Samantha E J Gibbs, Mark W Cunningham, Michaela G Austel
Demodex mites, although usually nonpathogenic, can cause a wide range of dermatological lesions ranging from mild skin irritation and alopecia to severe furunculosis. Recently, a case of demodicosis from a white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) revealed a Demodex species morphologically distinct from Demodex odocoilei. All life cycle stages were considerably larger than D. odocoilei and although similar in size to D. kutzeri and D. acutipes from European cervids, numerous morphometrics distinguished the four species...
2013: ISRN parasitology
A Tenorio-Abreu, J C Sánchez-España, L E Naranjo-González, M C González-Gallego, C Hidalgo-Grass, C Ruíz-Frutos
OBJECTIVE: To standardize the relative quantification by mass of tissue parasitism by Demodex folliculorum infestation from neoplastic skin biopsies periocular using molecular amplification to study the possible relationship of the appearance of eyelid basal cell carcinoma with the presence and density of the mite in later works. METHODS: A quantitative PCR was developed real-time probes TaqMan. PCR was tested in a pilot 46 actual biopsy samples nodular basal cell carcinoma series...
August 2016: Revista Española de Quimioterapia: Publicación Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
Ülkü Karaman, Zeynep Kolören, Özgür Enginyurt, Cemil Çolak
Demodex folliculorum and Demodex brevis are common ectoparasites in humans. Demodex parasite infestations have not been determined in the province of Ordu. We determined the prevalence of Demodex species among humans in Ordu Provience, Turkey. Seven hundred ninety-nine subjects (438 males and 361 females) aged ≥ 18 years living in the central districts of Ordu Province, Turkey, were selected using the World Health Organization cluster sampling method. A superficial skin biopsy of the face was obtained from each subject...
March 2016: Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health
Sigurlaug Gunnarsdottir, Arni Kristmundsson, Mark A Freeman, Olafur Mar Bjornsson, Gunnar Mar Zoega
UNLABELLED: Meibomian gland dysfunction (MGD) is a common cause of dry eye disease. Demodex mites can cause MGD with symptoms like itching, dryness and general ocular discomfort. It is important to consider infestation with Demodex mites in individuals who are non responsive to traditional MGD treatment but also equally important when cylindrical dandruff is seen at the base of the eye lashes.. We report two individuals who had not responded to ocular and systemic treatment for MGD and were then diagnosed with Demodex mites...
May 2016: Læknablađiđ
Stephen G Nicholls, Carmen L Oakley, Andrea Tan, Brendan J Vote
Demodex brevis and Demodex folliculorum are likely ubiquitous organisms associated with human eyelashes. However, they have also been implicated in the pathogenesis of external ocular diseases. This article reviews the current literature in regards to life cycle, morphology, pathogenesis and treatment of underlying Demodex spp. infestation and outlines the previously undescribed in vivo behaviour of the mites. Images were obtained from the epilation of lashes from 404 patients seen in clinical practice. Epilated lashes were placed on a microscope slide which had been coated with optically clear hypromellose/carbomer gel (Genteal gel, Novartis pharmaceuticals corporation, East Hanover, New Jersey)...
May 9, 2016: International Ophthalmology
Zuzanna Marcinowska, Danuta Kosik-Bogacka, Natalia Lanocha-Arendarczyk, Damian Czepita, Aleksandra Lanocha
Demodex are cosmopolitan mites occurring in many species of mammals. Two morphologically distinct Demodex species parasitize on humans: Demodexfolliculorum (Simon, 1842) and Demodex brevis (Akbulatova, 1963). Until recently, these species have been regarded as commensals; now they are considered as parasitic organisms. In people, Demodex spp. can be found mainly in the sebaceous glands of the skin (mainly in the area of the forehead, cheeks, nose, behind ears and neck), in hearing aids, and on the scalp, covered with hair...
2015: Pomeranian Journal of Life Sciences
Kibeb Seid, Sisay Amare, Yacob Hailu Tolossa
A cross sectional study of small ruminant mange mites was conducted from November 2011 to April 2012 on a total of 324 sheep and 680 goats, to determine the prevalence of mange mites in sheep and goats, identifying the major species of mite and to determine the potential risk factors significantly predicting the disease. The result showed an overall mange mite prevalence of 7.5 % (95 % CI 5.5-9.5) in goats and 1.2 % (95 % CI 0.5-1.9) in sheep. The mites identified were Sarcoptes and Demodex in goats and Sarcoptes and Psoroptes in sheep...
March 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
Leah A Cardwell, Hossein Alinia, Sara Moradi Tuchayi, Steven R Feldman
Rosacea is a chronic dermatological disorder with a variety of clinical manifestations localized largely to the central face. The unclear etiology of rosacea fosters therapeutic difficulty; however, subtle clinical improvement with pharmacologic treatments of various drug categories suggests a multifactorial etiology of the disease. Factors that may contribute to disease pathogenesis include immune abnormality, vascular abnormality, neurogenic dysregulation, presence of cutaneous microorganisms, UV damage, and skin barrier dysfunction...
2016: Clinical, Cosmetic and Investigational Dermatology
Robert H Six, Csilla Becskei, Mark M Mazaleski, Josephus J Fourie, Sean P Mahabir, Melanie R Myers, Nathalie Slootmans
The efficacy of sarolaner (Simparica™, Zoetis) was evaluated against Demodex spp. in dogs with generalized demodicosis and against Otodectes cynotis (otodectic mange) in dogs with induced infestations. In the first study, 16 dogs with clinical signs of generalized demodicosis and positive for Demodex spp. mites were randomly assigned to treatment with either sarolaner (2mg/kg) orally on Days 0, 30 and 60, or topical imidacloprid (10mg/kg) plus moxidectin (2.5mg/kg) solution every 7 days from Day 0 to Day 81...
May 30, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Asli Turgut Erdemir, Mehmet Salih Gurel, Ayse Esra Koku Aksu, Tugba Falay, Esma Inan Yuksel, Ebru Sarikaya
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Demodex mite density is emphasised in the aetiopathogenesis of acne rosacea. Reflectance confocal microscopy (RCM) has been shown to be a good method for determining demodex mite density. The objective was to determine demodex mite density using RCM in acne rosacea patients and compare them with controls. METHODS: In all, 30 papulopustular rosacea (PPR) and 30 erythematotelangiectatic rosacea (ETR) totally 60 acne rosacea patients and 40 controls, were enrolled in the study...
March 11, 2016: Australasian Journal of Dermatology
Wissam Helou, Emily Avitan-Hersh, Reuven Bergman
Demodex is a saprophytic mite in humans commonly present in the pilosebaceous units, which has been implicated as a pathogen in several skin conditions. The clinical presentation and histopathology of Demodex folliculitis of the scalp have been described in only a few case reports. This study was performed to further elucidate the clinicopathological features of this entity. We have studied 333 consecutively submitted scalp biopsies performed for hair loss and alopecia. All specimens were completely step-sectioned...
September 2016: American Journal of Dermatopathology
Leon H Kircik, James Q Del Rosso, Alison M Layton, Jürgen Schauber
Although the broad-spectrum anti-parasitic effects of the avermectin derivative ivermectin are well documented, its anti-inflammatory activity has only recently been demonstrated. For over 25 years, ivermectin has been used to treat parasitic infections in mammals, with a good safety profile that may be attributed to its high affinity to invertebrate neuronal ion channels and its inability to cross the blood-brain barrier in humans and other mammals. Numerous studies report low rates of adverse events, as an oral treatment for parasitic infections, scabies and head lice...
March 2016: Journal of Drugs in Dermatology: JDD
Kassahun Asmare, Rahmeto Abebe, Desie Sheferaw, Randi I Krontveit, Wieland Barbara
Mange mites are economically important ectoparasites of sheep and goats responsible for rejection or downgrading of skins in tanneries or leather industries in Ethiopia. The objective of this systematic review was to compute the pooled prevalence estimate and identify factors influencing mange mite prevalence in sheep and goats at national level based on the available research evidence. Articles on mange mite infestation of small ruminants in Ethiopia were searched in PubMed, Web of Science, Google scholar and African journals on-line...
March 15, 2016: Veterinary Parasitology
Joanna N Izdebska, Sławomira Fryderyk, Leszek Rolbiecki
A new species of demodecid mite, Demodex castoris sp. nov. (Acari: Prostigmata: Demodecidae), is described based on adult stages from the skin of the nasal region of the Eurasian beaver Castor fiber Linnaeus, 1758, collected in Poland. This is the first detection of a representative demodecid mite in rodents of the suborder Castorimorpha and also represents the first detection of a skin mite in Eurasian beavers. The new species is a small skin mite (average 173 µm in length) characterized by sexual dimorphism related to body proportions...
February 11, 2016: Diseases of Aquatic Organisms
Sumanas Bunyaratavej, Chuda Rujitharanawong, Pranee Kasemsarn, Waranya Boonchai, Chanai Muanprasert, Lalita Matthapan, Charussi Leeyaphan
BACKGROUND: Standardized skin surface biopsy (SSSB) is considered to be the gold standard technique to evaluate the density of Demodex mites for the diagnosis of demodicidosis. Potassium hydroxide (KOH) preparation of skin scrapings is a much simpler procedure that can be used to detect pathogens in the superficial skin. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the reliability of potassium hydroxide preparation of skin scrapings as compared to the standard skin biopsy technique with regard to capacity to detect Demodex mites, time consumed and technician satisfaction...
September 2016: Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology and Leprology
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