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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209185/health-literacy-in-a-community-with-low-levels-of-education-findings-from-chakaria-a-rural-area-of-bangladesh
#1
Susmita Das, Mohammad Nahid Mia, Syed Manzoor Ahmed Hanifi, Shahidul Hoque, Abbas Bhuiya
BACKGROUND: Health literacy (HL) helps individuals to make effective use of available health services. In low-income countries such as Bangladesh, the less than optimum use of services could be due to low levels of HL. Bangladesh's health service delivery is pluralistic with a mix of public, private and informally trained healthcare providers. Emphasis on HL has been inadequate. Thus, it is important to assess the levels of HL and service utilization patterns. The findings from this study aim to bridge the knowledge gap...
February 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203619/variation-in-the-response-of-eastern-and-southern-africa-provenances-of-faidherbia-albida-delile-a-chev-seedlings-to-water-supply-a-greenhouse-experiment
#2
Grace Koech, Daniel Ofori, Anne W T Muigai, Jonathan Muriuki, Parveen Anjarwalla, Jan De Leeuw, Jeremias G Mowo
Rural communities value Faidherbia albida in farming systems and pastoralism. Faidherbia albida provides products such as medicine, fodder, fuel, wood, food and services such as shade, soil fertility and nutrient cycling. Excessive browsing by animals, branch lopping and pod harvesting, have critically reduced the natural regeneration in some areas which exposes it to challenges due to dependence upon natural regeneration. The objective of this research was to evaluate response of Faidherbia albida provenances from eastern (Taveta Wangingombe) and southern Africa (Lupaso, Kuiseb Manapools) to different watering regimes to aid in selection of provenances for domestication...
October 2016: Global Ecology and Conservation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28192276/abortion-health-services-in-canada-results-of-a-2012-national-survey
#3
Wendy V Norman, Edith R Guilbert, Christopher Okpaleke, Althea S Hayden, E Steven Lichtenberg, Maureen Paul, Katharine O'Connell White, Heidi E Jones
OBJECTIVE: To determine the location of Canadian abortion services relative to where reproductive-age women reside, and the characteristics of abortion facilities and providers. DESIGN: An international survey was adapted for Canadian relevance. Public sources and professional networks were used to identify facilities. The bilingual survey was distributed by mail and e-mail from July to November 2013. SETTING: Canada. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 94 abortion facilities were identified...
April 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190366/predictors-of-remote-practice-location-in-the-first-seven-cohorts-of-james-cook-university-mbbs-graduates
#4
Torres Woolley, Tarun Sen Gupta, Maria Bellei
INTRODUCTION: This article describes factors predicting James Cook University (JCU) medical graduates undertaking at least 1 year of remote practice. The cross-sectional design involved point-in-time (2015) analysis of the JCU medical school's ongoing longitudinal graduate tracking database. Participants were the first seven cohorts of graduates from the JCU medical school who had completed at least their postgraduate year (PGY) 4 in Australia (<i>n</i>=529); that is, PGY 4 to PGY 10 graduates...
January 2017: Rural and Remote Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28186694/pattern-of-oral-maxillofacial-trauma-from-violence-against-women-and-its-associated-factors
#5
Lorena Marques da Nóbrega, Ítalo de Macedo Bernardino, Kevan Guilherme Nóbrega Barbosa, Jéssica Antoniana Lira E Silva, Andreza Cristina de Lima Targino Massoni, Sérgio d'Avila
BACKGROUND/AIM: Violence against women is a global public health problem. The aim of this study was to characterize the profile of women victims of violence and identify factors associated with maxillofacial injuries. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study was performed based on an evaluation of 884 medico-legal and social records of women victims of physical aggression treated at the Center of Forensic Medicine and Dentistry in Brazil. The variables investigated were related to the socio-demographic characteristics of victims, circumstances of aggressions, and patterns of trauma...
February 10, 2017: Dental Traumatology: Official Publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28179114/medicinal-plants-used-to-treat-snakebite-in-central-america-review-and-assessment-of-scientific-evidence
#6
REVIEW
Peter Giovannini, Melanie-Jayne R Howes
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Every year between 1.2 and 5.5 million people worldwide are victims of snakebites, with about 400,000 left permanently injured. In Central America an estimated 5,500 snakebite cases are reported by health centres, but this is likely to be an underestimate due to unreported cases in rural regions. The aim of this study is to review the medicinal plants used traditionally to treat snakebites in seven Central American countries: Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua and Panama...
February 4, 2017: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178991/an-ethnographic-study-of-salt-use-and-humoral-concepts-in-a-latino-farm-worker-community-in-california-s-central-valley
#7
Judith C Barker, Claudia Guerra, M Judy Gonzalez-Vargas, Kristin S Hoeft
BACKGROUND: This article reports on the use of domestic or table salt for its perceived health effects and healing properties in a Latino farmworker community. It explores how contemporary salt usage beliefs can be seen to have roots in long-standing humoral theories of medicine and health. METHODS: This qualitative investigation comprised 30 in-depth individual interviews and five focus groups conducted in Spanish with Mexican and Central American immigrants in one small city in California's Central Valley (N = 61 total participants)...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166779/assessing-the-impoverishing-effects-and-factors-associated-with-the-incidence-of-catastrophic-health-care-payments-in-kenya
#8
Edwine W Barasa, Thomas Maina, Nirmala Ravishankar
BACKGROUND: Monitoring the incidence and intensity of catastrophic health expenditure, as well as the impoverishing effects of out of pocket costs to access healthcare, is a key part of benchmarking Kenya's progress towards reducing the financial burden that households experience when accessing healthcare. METHODS: The study relies on data from the nationally-representative Kenya Household Expenditure and Utilization Survey conducted in 2013 (n =33,675). We undertook health equity analysis to estimate the incidence and intensity of catastrophic expenditure...
February 6, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166575/impact-of-potential-accreditation-and-certification-in-family-medicine-maternity-care
#9
Aimee R Eden, Lars E Peterson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Advanced maternity care training in family medicine is highly variable at both the residency and fellowship levels. Declining numbers of family physicians providing maternity care services may exacerbate disparities in access to maternal and child care, especially in rural and other underserved communities. Accreditation of maternity care fellowships and board certification may be one potential avenue to address this trend. This study sought to understand the perceptions and beliefs of key family medicine stakeholders in advanced maternity care regarding the formalization of maternity care training through fellowship accreditation and the creation of a certificate of added qualification (CAQ)...
January 2017: Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28163965/ethnobotanical-survey-and-toxicity-evaluation-of-medicinal-plants-used-for-fungal-remedy-in-the-southern-highlands-of-tanzania
#10
Mourice Victor Nyangabo Mbunde, Ester Innocent, Faith Mabiki, Pher G Andersson
BACKGROUND/AIM: Some of the antifungal drugs used in the current treatments regime are responding to antimicrobial resistance. In rural areas of Southern Tanzania, indigenous people use antifungal drugs alone or together with medicinal plants to curb the effects of antibiotic resistance. This study documented ethnobotanical information of medicinal plants used for managing fungal infections in the Southern Highlands of Tanzania and further assess their safety. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Ethnobotanical survey was conducted in Makete and Mufindi districts between July 2014 and December 2015 using semi-structured questionnaires followed by two focus group discussions to verify respondents' information...
January 2017: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28159532/a-cross-sectional-survey-of-the-access-of-older-people-in-the-scottish-highlands-to-general-medical-practices-community-pharmacies-and-prescription-medicines
#11
Gordon F Rushworth, Scott Cunningham, Sharon Pfleger, Jenny Hall, Derek Stewart
BACKGROUND: Access to medicines and healthcare is more problematic in remote and rural areas. OBJECTIVES: To quantify issues of access to general practitioners (GPs), community pharmacies and prescribed medicines in older people resident in the Scottish Highlands. METHODS: Anonymized questionnaires were mailed to a random sample of 2000 older people (≥60 years) resident in the Scottish Highlands. Questionnaire items were: access and convenience to GP and pharmacy services (10 items); prescribed medicines (13 items); attitudinal statements based on the Theoretical Domains Framework (12 items); quality of life (SF8, 8 items); and demographics (12 items)...
January 25, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152725/implementing-psychosocial-distress-screening-across-a-health-system-herding-cats-or-herding-cats
#12
(no author information available yet)
: 113 Background: With the American College of Surgeons Commission on Cancer 2015 Standards in hand, Penn Medicine embarked on a project to formulate an entity-wide plan for the provision of psychosocial distress screening. Identifying psychosocial distress and providing resources to meet those needs is an essential component of quality cancer care. Penn Medicine and the Abramson Cancer Center provided more than 91,000 chemotherapy treatments, 121,000 radiation treatments, and 14,000 proton therapy treatments in FY 15 in urban, suburban and rural settings with wide variations in resources...
March 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28150036/analysis-of-eighteenth-century-neurosurgical-series
#13
Jeremy C Ganz
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new method of assessing historical clinical series with a view to obtaining more nuanced information from the relevant texts. METHOD: Seven eighteenth century clinical series were analysed by determining different parameters which could then be tabulated, thus enabling the examination of correlations within and between series. RESULTS: It could be seen that there were different patterns of practice related to different concepts of pathology and different patient characteristics...
February 1, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28143507/prevalence-and-associated-factors-of-herbal-medicine-use-among-pregnant-women-on-antenatal-care-follow-up-at-university-of-gondar-referral-and-teaching-hospital-ethiopia-a-cross-sectional-study
#14
Abebe Basazn Mekuria, Daniel Asfaw Erku, Begashaw Melaku Gebresillassie, Eshetie Melese Birru, Balem Tizazu, Alima Ahmedin
BACKGROUND: Improving maternal and child health is one of the public health priorities in several African countries including Ethiopia. However, research on herbal medicine use during pregnancy is scarce in Ethiopia. The present study aimed at assessing the prevalence and correlates of herbal medicine use among pregnant women on antenatal care (ANC) follow-up at Gondar university referral hospital, Ethiopia METHODS: An institutional-based cross sectional study was conducted on 364 pregnant women attending ANC clinic from March to May 2016 at University of Gondar referral and teaching hospital, northwest Ethiopia...
February 1, 2017: BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129759/demography-maternal-health-and-the-epidemiology-of-malaria-and-other-major-infectious-diseases-in-the-rural-department-tsamba-magotsi-ngounie-province-in-central-african-gabon
#15
R Zoleko Manego, G Mombo-Ngoma, M Witte, J Held, M Gmeiner, T Gebru, B Tazemda, J Mischlinger, M Groger, B Lell, A A Adegnika, S T Agnandji, P G Kremsner, B Mordmüller, M Ramharter, P B Matsiegui
BACKGROUND: Sub-Saharan Africa is undergoing an epidemiological transition from a predominance of infectious diseases to non-communicable and lifestyle related conditions. However, the pace of this transition and the pattern of disease epidemiology are uneven between affluent urban and rural poor populations. To address this question for a remote rural region located in the central African rainforest region of Gabon, this study was conducted to assess reasons for health care attendance and to characterize the epidemiology of malaria and other major infectious diseases for the department of Tsamba Magotsi...
January 28, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28123268/odontometric-analysis-of-permanent-maxillary-first-molar-in-gender-determination
#16
Ayesha Shireen, Syeda Arshiya Ara
AIMS: This study was conducted to assess the sex determination potential from mesiodistal (MD) and buccolingual (BL) dimensions of permanent maxillary first molar. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study was conducted in the Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Al-Badar Rural Dental College and Hospital, Gulbarga, Karnataka, on 600 subjects (300 male and 300 female), aged 17-25 years. The subjects were selected based on the inclusion and exclusion criteria set forth for the study...
September 2016: Journal of Forensic Dental Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122552/why-service-users-do-not-complain-or-have-voice-a-mixed-methods-study-from-nepal-s-rural-primary-health-care-system
#17
Gagan Gurung, Sarah Derrett, Robin Gauld, Philip C Hill
BACKGROUND: Despite abundant literature on the different aspects of health care complaint management systems in high-income countries, little is known about this area in less developed health care systems and most research to date has been conducted in hospital settings. This article seeks to address this gap by reporting on research into complaint systems in primary health care (PHC) settings in Nepal. METHODS: Using a mixed-methods design, qualitative interviews were conducted with key informants (n = 39) and six community focus groups (n = 56), in the Dang District of Nepal...
January 25, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28121686/at-a-crossroads-family-medicine-education-in-china
#18
Dan Wu, Tai Pong Lam
China is engaged in efforts to train 300,000 family doctors by 2020 to meet its population's health care needs. This Article discusses the family doctor shortage, compares family medicine training programs, examines the distributional challenges faced by these programs, and proposes directions for further experimentation. Despite an increasing number of family doctors, they represented only 5.6% of all doctors in 2013. Currently, three training programs run concurrently-the post-transfer training, residency training, and designated family medicine undergraduate education programs...
February 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115438/family-medicine-education-in-rural-communities-as-a-health-service-intervention-supporting-recruitment-and-retention-of-physicians-advancing-rural-family-medicine-the-canadian-collaborative-taskforce
#19
REVIEW
Trina Larsen Soles, C Ruth Wilson, Ivy F Oandasan
OBJECTIVE: To develop a pan-Canadian rural education road map to advance the recruitment and retention of family physicians in rural, remote, and isolated regions of Canada in order to improve access and health care outcomes for these populations. COMPOSITION OF THE TASK FORCE: Members of the task force were chosen from key stakeholder groups including educators, practitioners, the College of Family Physicians of Canada education committee chairs, deans, chairs of family medicine, experts in rural education, and key decision makers...
January 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28104003/-the-first-national-general-investigation-and-treatment-of-uterine-prolapse-1959-1966
#20
J Li
The first national general investigationon uterine prolapse is an important measure of strengthening the protection of working women. Under the guidance of the Ministry of Health, local governments are extensively carried out all rescuing works, including the adjustment of labor time by organizing traditional and western medicine practitioners to carry on the comprehensive survey and concentrated treatment, with certain effects. Across the full application of traditional Chinese medical therapies with its recipes and medicines, traditional Chinese medical practitioners were actively involved in rescuing...
September 28, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Shi za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Medical History
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