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Umbilical cord occlusion

Mikhail E Sokolov, Farid V Bashirov, Vage A Markosyan, Tatyana V Povysheva, Filip O Fadeev, Andrey A Izmailov, Maxim S Kuztetsov, Zufar Z Safiullov, Maxim M Shmarov, Boris S Naroditskyi, András Palotás, Rustem R Islamov
Natural brain repair after stroke is extremely limited, and current therapeutic options are even more scarce with no clinical break-through in sight. Despite restricted regeneration in the central nervous system, we have previously proved that human umbilical cord blood mono-nuclear cells (UCB-MC) transduced with adenoviral vectors carrying genes encoding vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), glial cell-derived neurotrophic factor (GDNF), and neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM) successfully rescued neurons in amyotrophic lateral sclerosis and spinal cord injury...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
James D S Aridas, Tamara Yawno, Amy E Sutherland, Ilias Nitsos, Michael Ditchfield, Flora Y Wong, Rod W Hunt, Michael C Fahey, Atul Malhotra, Euan M Wallace, Graham Jenkin, Suzanne L Miller
Perinatal asphyxia remains a principal cause of infant mortality and long term neurological morbidity, particularly in low resource countries. No neuroprotective interventions are currently available. Melatonin (MLT), a potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-apoptotic agent offers promise as an intravenous (IV) or transdermal therapy to protect the brain. We aimed to determine the effect of melatonin (IV or transdermal patch) on neuropathology in a lamb model of perinatal asphyxia. Asphyxia was induced in newborn lambs via umbilical cord occlusion at birth...
February 21, 2018: Journal of Pineal Research
Willie Lin, Yogi Chang-Yo Hsuan, Mao-Tsun Lin, Ting-Wei Kuo, Cheng-Hsien Lin, Yu-Chin Su, Ko-Chi Niu, Ching-Ping Chang, Hung-Jung Lin
Microglia are the first source of a neuroinflammatory cascade, which seems to be involved in every phase of stroke-related neuronal damage. Two weeks after transient middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO), vehicle-treated rats displayed higher numbers of total ionized calcium-binding adaptor molecule 1 (Iba-1)-positive cells, greater cell body areas of Iba-1-positive cells, and higher numbers of hypertrophic Iba-1-positive cells (with a cell body area over 80 μm2) in the ipsilateral ischemic brain regions including the frontal cortex, striatum, and parietal cortex...
November 2017: Cell Transplantation
C Garabedian, Y Clermont-Hama, D Sharma, E Aubry, L Butruille, P Deruelle, L Storme, J De Jonckheere, V Houfflin-Debarge
The autonomic nervous system plays a leading role in the control of fetal homeostasis. Fetal heart rate variability (HRV) analysis is a reflection of its activity. We developed a new index (the Fetal Stress Index, FSI) reflecting parasympathetic tone. The objective of this study was to evaluate this index as a predictor of fetal acid-base status. This was an experimental study on chronically instrumented fetal lambs (n = 11, surgery at 128 +/- 2 days gestational age, term = 145 days). The model was based on 75% occlusion of the umbilical cord for a maximum of 120 minutes or until an arterial pH ≤ 7...
2018: PloS One
Kyohei Yamaguchi, Christopher A Lear, Michael J Beacom, Tomoaki Ikeda, Alistair J Gunn, Laura Bennet
Hypoxia-ischemia (HI) is a major contributor to preterm brain injury, but there are currently no reliable biomarkers to identify at risk infants. We tested the hypothesis that fetal heart rate (FHR) and FHR variability (FHRV) would identify evolving brain injury after HI. Fetal sheep at 0.7 of gestation were subjected to either 15 (15-min, n = 10) or 25 min (25-min, n = 17) of complete umbilical cord occlusion or sham occlusion (n = 12). FHR and four measures of FHRV (STV, LTV, SDNN, RMSSD) were assessed until 72 h after HI...
January 8, 2018: Journal of Physiology
Mira Abdel-Sattar, Andrew H Chon, Arlyn Llanes, Lisa M Korst, Joseph G Ouzounian, Ramen H Chmait
OBJECTIVE: To compare outcomes between 2 umbilical cord occlusion (UCO) methods: radiofrequency ablation (RFA) versus fetoscopic-guided laser photocoagulation. METHODS: Retrospective study of all monochorionic diamniotic multiple gestations that underwent UCO with RFA (preferred after 2014) or laser (preferred before 2014). In bivariate analysis, patients treated with RFA were compared with laser. Risk factors for intrauterine fetal demise (IUFD) and 30-day survival of the co-twin were identified, and multiple logistic models were fitted to examine whether the UCO method was associated with these outcomes...
December 14, 2017: Prenatal Diagnosis
Dhafer M Alahmari, Kyra Y Y Chan, Vanesa Stojanovska, Domenic LaRosa, Samantha K Barton, Ilias Nitsos, Valerie Zahra, Jade Barbuto, Michael Farrell, Shigeo Yamaoka, James T Pearson, Graeme R Polglase
PURPOSE: Injurious mechanical ventilation causes white matter (WM) injury in preterm infants through inflammatory and haemodynamic pathways. The relative contribution of each of these pathways is not known. We hypothesised that in vivo magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) can detect WM brain injury resulting from mechanical ventilation 24 h after preterm delivery. Further we hypothesised that the combination of inflammatory and haemodynamic pathways, induced by umbilical cord occlusion (UCO) increases brain injury at 24 h...
2017: PloS One
Bharath Chelluboina, Koteswara Rao Nalamolu, Gustavo G Mendez, Jeffrey D Klopfenstein, David M Pinson, David Z Wang, Krishna Kumar Veeravalli
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Stem cell treatment is one of the potential treatment options for ischemic stroke. We recently demonstrated a protective effect of human umbilical cord blood-derived mesenchymal stem cells (HUCB-MSCs) in a rat model of ischemic stroke. The treatment attenuated apoptosis and prevented DNA damage. A collection of published studies, including several from our laboratory, indicated the induction and detrimental role for several matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in post-stroke brain injury...
2017: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
Lu Liu, Juan Cen, Yong Man, Jianbin Li, Dahuan Zhang, Fei Wang, Jinhua Li, Ji Ma, Xiaoming Wang, Biansheng Ji
Accumulated evidence displayed that transplantation of stem cells may be a promising approach for the treatment of neurological disorders. However, the underlying mechanisms remain to be well elucidated. Moreover, some investigators cannot reproduce similar results as the previous. The present results showed that transplantation of fresh human umbilical cord blood mononuclear cells (cbMNCs) attenuated ischemic damage in middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) rats, accompanied with improvement of neurologic deficits, learning and memory function...
January 15, 2018: Neuroscience
J Vojtěch, L Hašlík, R Pock, K Běhávková, K Macková, P Hanulíková, H Heřman, L Krofta
OBJECTIVE: To analyze results and outcome after selective feticide for discordant anomalies in monochorionic twins. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Fetal medicine center, Institute for the Care of Mother and Child, Praha. METHODS: Analysis of outcome of monochorionic pregnancies after intrauterine surgery for structural abnormalities between January 2013 and June 2016. RESULTS: We performed 13 intrauterine operations in monochorionic twins with structural anomalies during the period...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
Tamara Yawno, Mawin Mahen, Jingang Li, Michael C Fahey, Graham Jenkin, Suzanne L Miller
Melatonin (MLT) is an endogenous hormone that controls circadian cycle. MLT has additional important properties that make it appealing as a neuroprotective agent-it is a potent anti-oxidant, with anti-apoptotic and anti-inflammatory properties. MLT is safe for administration during pregnancy or to the newborn after birth, and can reduce white matter brain injury under conditions of chronic fetal hypoxia. Accordingly, in the current study, we examined whether an intermediate dose of MLT could restore white matter brain development when administered after an acute hypoxic ischemic (HI) insult in preterm fetal sheep...
2017: Frontiers in Cellular Neuroscience
Eric S Peeples, Chikodinaka K Ezeokeke, Sandra E Juul, Pierre D Mourad
OBJECTIVES: To compare ultrasound-derived resistive indices (RIs) obtained at the level of the thalamus via fast Doppler ultrasound with traditional anterior cerebral artery measures in a model of neonatal hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy and to correlate each with clinical outcomes. METHODS: Nine nonhuman primate neonates underwent no umbilical cord occlusion (n = 3), umbilical cord occlusion without hypothermia (n = 3), or umbilical cord occlusion with hypothermia (n = 3)...
September 29, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
N N Ren, H J Chen, Q L Chen, J Eileen, Y G An, Yiguang Lin
Objectives: To investigate the effects of human umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (hUC-MSCs) on airway inflammation in an ovalbumin (OVA) induced asthma mouse model and the underlying mechanism. Methods: Twenty-four BALB/c mice were randomly divided into four equal groups: normal control group, OVA-induced asthmatic model group, hUC-MSCs treated group (50 μl of hUC-MSCs was transplanted into the trachea of asthmatic mice ) and hUC-MSCs control group (50 μl of hUC-MSCs was transplanted into the trachea of control mice)...
September 12, 2017: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Lotte G van den Heuij, Mhoyra Fraser, Suzanne L Miller, Graham Jenkin, Euan M Wallace, Joanne O Davidson, Christopher A Lear, Rebecca Lim, Guido Wassink, Alistair J Gunn, Laura Bennet
Perinatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury remains highly associated with neurodevelopmental disability after preterm birth. There is increasing evidence that disability is linked with impaired white matter maturation, but there is no specific treatment. In this study, we evaluated whether, in preterm fetal sheep, delayed intranasal infusion of human amnion epithelial cells (hAECs) given 1, 3 and 10 days after severe HI, induced by umbilical cord occlusion for 25 min, can restore white matter maturation or reduce delayed cell loss...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
Bridget Martinez, Philip V Peplow
Most of all strokes are ischemic due to occlusion of a vessel, and comprise two main types, thrombotic and embolic. Inflammation and immune response play an important role in the outcome of ischemic stroke. Pharmaceutical and cell-based therapies with immunomodulatory properties could be of benefit in treating ischemic stroke. Possible changes in microRNAs brought about by immunomodulatory treatments may be important. The pharmaceutical studies described in this review have identified several differentially regulated miRNAs associated with disregulation of mRNA targets or the upregulation of several neuroprotective genes, thereby highlighting the potential neuroprotective roles of specific miRNAs such as miR-762, -1892, -200a, -145...
June 2017: Neural Regeneration Research
Jingang Li, Tamara Yawno, Amy Sutherland, Jan Loose, Ilias Nitsos, Beth J Allison, Robert Bischof, Courtney A McDonald, Graham Jenkin, Suzanne L Miller
BACKGROUNDWhite matter brain injury in preterm infants can induce neurodevelopmental deficits. Umbilical cord blood (UCB) cells demonstrate neuroprotective properties, but it is unknown whether cells obtained from preterm cord blood (PCB) vs. term cord blood (TCB) have similar efficacy. This study compared the ability of TCB vs. PCB cells to reduce white matter injury in preterm fetal sheep.METHODSHypoxia-ischemia (HI) was induced in fetal sheep (0.7 gestation) by 25 min umbilical cord occlusion. Allogeneic UCB cells from term or preterm sheep, or saline, were administered to the fetus at 12 h after HI...
December 2017: Pediatric Research
Shariska S Petersen, Raminder Khangura, Dmitry Davydov, Ziying Zhang, Roopina Sangha
We describe a patient with Class C diabetes who presented for nonstress testing at 36 weeks and 4 days of gestation with nonreassuring fetal heart tones (NRFHT) and oligohydramnios. Upon delivery, thrombosis of the umbilical cord was grossly noted. Pathological analysis of the placenta revealed chorangiosis, vascular congestion, and 40% occlusion of the umbilical vein. Chorangiosis is a vascular change of the placenta that involves the terminal chorionic villi. It has been proposed to result from longstanding, low-grade hypoxia in the placental tissue and has been associated with such conditions such as diabetes, intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR), and hypertensive conditions in pregnancy...
2017: Case Reports in Obstetrics and Gynecology
K Běhávková, L Krofta, K Macková, J Vojtěch, L Hašlík, R Pock, L Hympánová, M Kučerová, H Heřman, Z Straňák, J Feyereisl
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to describe monochorionic twin pregnancies and their complications, born between 24th and 37th week of gestation in the Institute for the Care of Mother and Child in years 2012-2015. DESIGN: Retrospective cohort. SETTING: The Institute for the Care of Mother and Child, Praha. METHODS: From 2012 to 2015 we observed 177 monochorionic twin pregnancies from which two or one viable fetuses were born, or both fetuses died in utero...
2017: Ceská Gynekologie
Mar Bennasar, Elisenda Eixarch, Josep Maria Martinez, Eduard Gratacós
Selective intrauterine growth restriction (sIUGR) affects 10-15% of all monochorionic pregnancies. Early severe forms are associated with intrauterine demise or neurological adverse outcome for both twins. The characteristics of umbilical artery (UA) Doppler in the IUGR fetus determine three clinical types: (I) normal UA Doppler and associated with good prognosis; (II) persistently absent/reverse UA end-diastolic flow and associated with early deterioration of the IUGR twin and very preterm delivery; (III) intermittently absent/reverse end-diastolic flow in the UA, and associated with unexpected fetal demise or neurological injury in one or both twins...
December 2017: Seminars in Fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Ryan M McAdams, Bobbi Fleiss, Christopher Traudt, Leslie Schwendimann, Jessica M Snyder, Robin L Haynes, Niranjana Natarajan, Pierre Gressens, Sandra E Juul
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is the most common motor disability in childhood, with a worldwide prevalence of 1.5-4/1,000 live births. Hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) contributes to the burden of CP, but the long-term neuropathological findings of this association remain limited. METHODOLOGY: Thirty-four term Macaca nemestrina macaques were included in this long-term neuropathological study: 9 control animals delivered by cesarean section and 25 animals with perinatal asphyxia delivered by cesarean section after 15-18 min of umbilical cord occlusion (UCO)...
2017: Developmental Neuroscience
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