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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223528/inhibition-of-%C3%AE-9%C3%AE-10-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-prevents-chemotherapy-induced-neuropathic-pain
#1
Haylie K Romero, Sean B Christensen, Lorenzo Di Cesare Mannelli, Joanna Gajewiak, Renuka Ramachandra, Keith S Elmslie, Douglas E Vetter, Carla Ghelardini, Shawn P Iadonato, Jose L Mercado, Baldomera M Olivera, J Michael McIntosh
Opioids are first-line drugs for moderate to severe acute pain and cancer pain. However, these medications are associated with severe side effects, and whether they are efficacious in treatment of chronic nonmalignant pain remains controversial. Medications that act through alternative molecular mechanisms are critically needed. Antagonists of α9α10 nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) have been proposed as an important nonopioid mechanism based on studies demonstrating prevention of neuropathology after trauma-induced nerve injury...
February 21, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28222901/pharmacotherapy-in-smoking-cessation-corticotropin-releasing-factor-receptors-as-emerging-intervention-targets
#2
REVIEW
Ioannis Sotiriou, Kleanthi Chalkiadaki, Christos Nikolaidis, Kyriaki Sidiropoulou, Ekaterini Chatzaki
Smoking represents perhaps the single most important health risk factor and a global contributor to mortality that can unquestionably be prevented. Smoking is responsible for many diseases, including various types of cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, coronary heart disease, peripheral vascular disease and peptic ulcer, while it adversely affects fetal formation and development. Since smoking habit duration is a critical factor for mortality, the goal of treatment should be its timely cessation and relapse prevention...
February 14, 2017: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28077796/tumor-cell-migration-is-inhibited-by-a-novel-therapeutic-strategy-antagonizing-the-alpha-7-receptor
#3
Chris Pepper, Henry Tu, Paul Morrill, Sara Garcia-Rates, Chris Fegan, Susan Greenfield
A 14mer peptide (T14) derived from the C-terminus of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) selectively activates metastatic breast cancer cells via the alpha-7 nicotinic receptor (α7 nAChR). This naturally occurring peptide is also present in brain, is elevated in Alzheimer's disease, and is antagonised by a cyclized variant (NBP-14). Here we investigated the effects of NBP-14 in six different cancer cell lines, primary leukemia B-cells and normal B-cells. All cells tested expressed α7 nAChR, intracellular and extracellular T14...
January 6, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28045487/probing-the-allosteric-role-of-the-%C3%AE-5-subunit-of-%C3%AE-3%C3%AE-4%C3%AE-5-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-by-functionally-selective-modulators-and-ligands
#4
Caroline Ray, Erik J Soderblom, Yushi Bai, F Ivy Carroll, Marc G Caron, Larry S Barak
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors regulate the nicotine dependence encountered with cigarette smoking, and this has stimulated a search for drugs binding the responsible receptor subtypes. Studies link a gene cluster encoding for α3β4α5-D398N nicotinic acetylcholine receptors to lung cancer risk as well as link a second mutation in this cluster to an increased risk for nicotine dependence. However, there are currently no recognized drugs for discriminating α3β4α5 signaling. In this study, we describe the development of homogeneous HEK-293 cell clones of α3β4 and α3β4α5 receptors appropriate for drug screening and characterizing biochemical and pharmacological properties of incorporated α5 subunits...
January 24, 2017: ACS Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27801769/adult-onset-opsoclonus-myoclonus-syndrome-associated-with-ganglionic-acetylcholine-receptor-autoantibody
#5
Jonathan R Galli, Stacey L Clardy, M Mateo Paz Soldán
INTRODUCTION: Opsoclonus-myoclonus syndrome (OMS) may have a toxin induced, parainfectious, or paraneoplastic etiology. Several autoantibodies have been associated with adult-onset OMS, most commonly antineuronal nuclear antibody 2 (Ri), and it is most frequently associated with breast or small cell lung cancer. The nicotinic ganglionic acetylcholine receptor autoantibody (α3-AChR Ab) has not been described in association. CASE REPORT: A 46-year-old woman was evaluated for symptoms of oscillopsia, tremor, gait imbalance, and mild cognitive deficits that began 6 weeks prior...
November 2016: Neurologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769050/protein-phosphatase-mg2-mn2-dependent-1f-promotes-smoking-induced-breast-cancer-by-inactivating-phosphorylated-p53-induced-signals
#6
Shih-Hsin Tu, Yin-Ching Lin, Chi-Cheng Huang, Po-Sheng Yang, Hui-Wen Chang, Chien-Hsi Chang, Chih-Hsiung Wu, Li-Ching Chen, Yuan-Soon Ho
We previously demonstrated that the activation of α9-nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (α9-nAchR) signaling by smoking promotes breast cancer formation. To investigate the downstream signaling molecules involved in α9-nAChR-induced breast tumorigenesis, we used real-time polymerase chain reactions and Western blotting to assess expression of protein phosphatase Mg2+/Mn2+ dependent 1F (PPM1F), a Ser/Thr protein phosphatase, in human breast cancer samples (n=167). Additionally, stable PPM1F-knockdown and -overexpressing cell lines were established to evaluate the function of PPM1F...
October 18, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27666821/the-tobacco-specific-carcinogen-operated-calcium-channel-promotes-lung-tumorigenesis-via-igf2-exocytosis-in-lung-epithelial-cells
#7
Hye-Jin Boo, Hye-Young Min, Hyun-Ji Jang, Hye Jeong Yun, John Kendal Smith, Quanri Jin, Hyo-Jong Lee, Diane Liu, Hee-Seok Kweon, Carmen Behrens, J Jack Lee, Ignacio I Wistuba, Euni Lee, Waun Ki Hong, Ho-Young Lee
Nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) binding to the tobacco-specific carcinogen 4-(methylnitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) induces Ca(2+) signalling, a mechanism that is implicated in various human cancers. In this study, we investigated the role of NNK-mediated Ca(2+) signalling in lung cancer formation. We show significant overexpression of insulin-like growth factors (IGFs) in association with IGF-1R activation in human preneoplastic lung lesions in smokers. NNK induces voltage-dependent calcium channel (VDCC)-intervened calcium influx in airway epithelial cells, resulting in a rapid IGF2 secretion via the regulated pathway and thus IGF-1R activation...
September 26, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27623933/%C3%AE-cryptoxanthin-reduced-lung-tumor-multiplicity-and-inhibited-lung-cancer-cell-motility-by-downregulating-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-%C3%AE-7-signaling
#8
Anita R Iskandar, Benchun Miao, Xinli Li, Kang-Quan Hu, Chun Liu, Xiang-Dong Wang
Despite the consistent association between a higher intake of the provitamin A carotenoid β-cryptoxanthin (BCX) and a lower risk of lung cancer among smokers, potential mechanisms supporting BCX as a chemopreventive agent are needed. We first examined the effects of BCX on 4-[methyl nitrosamino]-1-[3-pyridyl]-1-butanone (NNK)-induced lung tumorigenesis in A/J mice. BCX supplementation was given daily to the mice starting 2 weeks prior to the injection of NNK and continued 16 weeks after NNK injection. BCX supplementation resulted in a dose-dependent increase of BCX concentration in both serum and lungs of the mice without a significant alteration of vitamin A (retinol and retinyl palmitate) concentration...
November 2016: Cancer Prevention Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27606721/differential-receptor-dependencies-expression-and-significance-of-muscarinic-m1-receptors-in-the-biology-of-prostate-cancer
#9
Abdul Mannan Baig, Naveed A Khan, Vardah Effendi, Zohaib Rana, H R Ahmad, Farhat Abbas
Recent reports on acetylcholine muscarinic receptor subtype 3 (CHRM3) have shown its growth-promoting role in prostate cancer. Additional studies report the proliferative effect of the cholinergic agonist carbachol on prostate cancer by its agonistic action on CHRM3. This study shows that the type 1 acetylcholine muscarinic receptor (CHRM1) contributes toward the proliferation and growth of prostate cancer. We used growth and cytotoxic assays, the prostate cancer microarray database and CHRM downstream pathways' homology of CHRM subtypes to uncover multiple signals leading to the growth of prostate cancer...
January 2017: Anti-cancer Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27509656/-the-role-of-estrogens-in-the-carcinogenesis-of-lung-cancer
#10
REVIEW
E Uchikova, A Uchikov, E Dimitrakova, P Uchikov
Morbidity and mortality from lung cancer has dramatically increased in women as compared to men over the past few years. Historically, smoking has been considered the major risk factor for lung cancer regardless of gender. Several recent lines of evidence implicate gender differences in the observed differences in prevalence and histologic type which cannot be explained based on the carcinogenic action of nicotine. Several recent studies underscore the importance of reproductive and hormonal factors in the carcinogenesis of lung cancer Lung cancer morbidity and mortality in Bulgaria was 16...
2016: Akusherstvo i Ginekologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27462996/an-efficient-method-to-genotype-the-polymorphisms-of-cholinergic-nicotinic-receptor-subunit-genes-and-their-associations-with-copd-onset-risk
#11
Zhuxiang Zhao, Yumin Zhou, Yujun Li, Changbin Jiang, Dongxing Zhao, Ziwen Zhao, Zhaohui Liu, Pixin Ran
BACKGROUND: Single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in the cholinergic nicotinic receptor subunit genes on chromosome 15q25.1, including CHRNA3, CHRNB4 and CHRNA5, are well-established biomarkers of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and lung cancer. Thus, there is great demand for a rapid, easy and inexpensive method to detect these variations for purpose of risk prediction in large populations. AIM OF THE STUDY: The aim of this study was to establish an accurate and efficient method for genotyping CHRN SNPs and testing their association with age at onset of COPD in Chinese population as well as the clinical stage in COPD patients...
June 2016: Experimental Lung Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27409670/role-of-%C3%AE-7-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptor-in-nicotine-induced-invasion-and-epithelial-to-mesenchymal-transition-in-human-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-cells
#12
Chun Zhang, Xu-Ping Ding, Qing-Nan Zhao, Xin-Jie Yang, Shi-Min An, Hao Wang, Lu Xu, Liang Zhu, Hong-Zhuan Chen
Nicotine via nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) stimulates non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell invasion and epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) which underpin the cancer metastasis. However, the receptor subtype-dependent effects of nAChRs on NSCLC cell invasion and EMT, and the signaling pathway underlying the effects remain not fully defined. We identified that nicotine induced NSCLC cell invasion, migration, and EMT; the effects were suppressed by pharmacological intervention using α7-nAChR selective antagonists or by genetic intervention using α7-nAChR knockdown via RNA inference...
September 13, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27234470/nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-in-head-and-neck-cancer-and-their-correlation-to-tumor-site-and-progression
#13
Claudia Scherl, Renate Schäfer, Anne Schlabrakowski, Konstantin Tziridis, Heinrich Iro, Olaf Wendler
BACKGROUND: Nicotine contributes to tumorigenesis through stimulation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (SCC). Although many factors have been found to be involved in the pathogenesis of head and neck cancer, the effect of nAChRs is still unclear. The study provides information on different subtypes in SCC and normal mucosa (NM) and their clinicopathological correlation to tumor progression. METHODS: SCC (n = 34) of oropharynx, hypopharynx, larynx and corresponding NM (n = 38) were analyzed by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction, immunoblotting and immunohistochemistry and correlated to tumor grading and Union for International Cancer Control (UICC) stage...
2016: ORL; Journal for Oto-rhino-laryngology and its related Specialties
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27228072/nicotine-mediated-regulation-of-nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-in-non-small-cell-lung-adenocarcinoma-by-e2f1-and-stat1-transcription-factors
#14
Courtney Schaal, Srikumar Chellappan
Cigarette smoking is the major risk factor for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), which accounts for 80% of all lung cancers. Nicotine, the addictive component of tobacco smoke, can induce proliferation, migration, invasion, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), angiogenesis, and survival in NSCLC cell lines, as well as growth and metastasis of NSCLC in mice. This nicotine-mediated tumor progression is facilitated through activation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), specifically the α7 subunit; however, how the α7 nAChR gene is regulated in lung adenocarcinoma is not fully clear...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27158893/nicotine-receptor-partial-agonists-for-smoking-cessation
#15
REVIEW
Kate Cahill, Nicola Lindson-Hawley, Kyla H Thomas, Thomas R Fanshawe, Tim Lancaster
BACKGROUND: Nicotine receptor partial agonists may help people to stop smoking by a combination of maintaining moderate levels of dopamine to counteract withdrawal symptoms (acting as an agonist) and reducing smoking satisfaction (acting as an antagonist). OBJECTIVES: To review the efficacy of nicotine receptor partial agonists, including varenicline and cytisine, for smoking cessation. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Tobacco Addiction Group's specialised register for trials, using the terms ('cytisine' or 'Tabex' or 'dianicline' or 'varenicline' or 'nicotine receptor partial agonist') in the title or abstract, or as keywords...
May 9, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27132993/the-%C3%AE-9%C3%AE-10-nicotinic-receptor-antagonist-%C3%AE-conotoxin-rgia-prevents-neuropathic-pain-induced-by-oxaliplatin-treatment
#16
Alessandra Pacini, Laura Micheli, Mario Maresca, Jacopo Juno Valerio Branca, J Michael McIntosh, Carla Ghelardini, Lorenzo Di Cesare Mannelli
Oxaliplatin, a third-generation diaminocyclohexane platinum drug, is widely used alone or in combination with 5-fluorouracil and leucovorin to treat metastatic colorectal, ovarian, and pancreatic cancers. Oxaliplatin long-term treatment is associated with the development of a dose-limiting painful neuropathy that dramatically impairs the patient's quality of life and therapy possibility. To study novel strategies to treat oxaliplatin-induced neuropathy, we evaluated α-conotoxin RgIA, a peptide that potently blocks the α9α10 nicotinic acetylcholine receptor (nAChR) subtype in a rat model of oxaliplatin-dependent neurotoxicity (2...
August 2016: Experimental Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27123240/nicotinic-acetylcholine-receptors-and-cancer
#17
Ningning Dang, Xianguang Meng, Haiyan Song
Nicotine, the primary addictive constituent of cigarettes, is believed to contribute to cancer promotion and progression through the activation of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), which are membrane ligand-gated cation channels. nAChRs activation can be triggered by the neurotransmitter Ach, or certain other biological compounds, such as nicotine. In recent years, genome-wide association studies have indicated that allelic variation in the α5-α3-β4 nAChR cluster on chromosome 15q24-15q25.1 is associated with lung cancer risk...
May 2016: Biomedical Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27116542/tobacco-carcinogen-induces-both-lung-cancer-and-non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis-and-hepatocellular-carcinomas-in-ferrets-which-can-be-attenuated-by-lycopene-supplementation
#18
Koichi Aizawa, Chun Liu, Sanyuan Tang, Sudipta Veeramachaneni, Kang-Quan Hu, Donald E Smith, Xiang-Dong Wang
Early epidemiologic studies have reported that tobacco smoking, which is causally associated with liver cancer, is an independent risk factor for non-alcoholic fatty liver diseases (NAFLD). Lycopene from tomatoes has been shown to be a potential preventive agent against NAFLD and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In the present study, we investigated whether the tobacco carcinogen 4-(N-methyl-N-nitrosamino)-1-(3-pyridyl)-1-butanone (NNK) induces lesions in both lungs and livers of ferrets with or without lycopene intervention...
September 1, 2016: International Journal of Cancer. Journal International du Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112689/autoimmune-autonomic-disorders
#19
REVIEW
Andrew Mckeon, Eduardo E Benarroch
Autoimmune autonomic disorders occur because of an immune response directed against sympathetic, parasympathetic, and enteric ganglia, autonomic nerves, or central autonomic pathways. In general, peripheral autoimmune disorders manifest with either generalized or restricted autonomic failure, whereas central autoimmune disorders manifest primarily with autonomic hyperactivity. Some autonomic disorders are generalized, and others are limited in their anatomic extent, e.g., isolated gastrointestinal dysmotility...
2016: Handbook of Clinical Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27083142/cholinergic-system-and-cell-proliferation
#20
REVIEW
F J Campoy, C J Vidal, E Muñoz-Delgado, M F Montenegro, J Cabezas-Herrera, S Nieto-Cerón
The cholinergic system, comprising acetylcholine, the proteins responsible for acetylcholine synthesis and release, acetylcholine receptors and cholinesterases, is expressed by most human cell types. Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter, but also a local signalling molecule which regulates basic cell functions, and cholinergic responses are involved in cell proliferation and apoptosis. So, activation of nicotinic and muscarinic receptors has a proliferative and anti-apoptotic effect in many cells. The content of choline acetyltransferase, acetylcholine receptors and cholinesterases is altered in many tumours, and cholinesterase content correlates with patient survival in some cancers...
November 25, 2016: Chemico-biological Interactions
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