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calcium channel bockers

Marco Landwehr, Peter Redecker, Daniela C Dieterich, Karin Richter, Tobias M Böckers, Eckart D Gundelfinger, Michael R Kreutz
Caldendrin is a neuronal calcium-binding protein, which is highly enriched in the postsynaptic density fraction and exhibits a prominent somato-dendritic distribution in brain. Two additional splice variants derive from the caldendrin gene, which have unrelated N-termini and were previously only detected in the retina. We now show that these isoforms are present in neurohypophyseal axons and on secretory granules of endocrine cells. In light of the described interaction of the Caldendrin C-terminus with Q-type Ca(v)2...
July 17, 2003: FEBS Letters
J M Bocker, F J Miller, C L Oltman, D A Chappell, D D Gutterman
Endothelium-dependent vasodilation is impaired in atherosclerosis. Oxidized low density lipoprotein (ox-LDL) plays an important role, possibly through alterations in G-protein activation. We examined the effect of acute exposure to ox-LDL on the dilator responses of isolated rabbit aorta segments. We sought also to evaluate the specificity of this dysfunction for dilator stimuli that traditionally operate through a Gi-protein mechanism. Aortic segments were prepared for measurement of isometric tension. After contraction with prostaglandin F2alpha, relaxation to thrombin, adenosine diphosphate (ADP), or the endothelium-independent agonists, sodium nitroprusside (SNP) or papaverine was examined...
May 2001: Japanese Heart Journal
R H Böcker, F P Guengerich
4-Substituted 2,6-dimethyl-3,5-bis(alkoxycarbonyl)-1,4-dihydropyridines are important because of their roles as calcium channel blockers. The mixed-function oxidation of 14 4-aryl- and four 4-alkyl-substituted derivatives by human liver microsomes was examined. The major product of enzymatic oxidation of all the 4-aryl compounds was the pyridine derivative containing the 4-aryl group. The 4-alkyl compounds, in contrast, formed a pyridine derivative in which a hydrogen atom was present at the 4-position and the alkyl group was lost; these compounds also inactivated cytochrome P-450 and caused the loss of nifedipine oxidase activity after enzymatic oxidation...
September 1986: Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
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