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Severe malnutrition children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631133/bone-density-in-pediatric-crohn-s-disease-a-cross-sectional-observation-from-south-india
#1
Shiraz Salim Khan, Sagar S Patil
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) frequently manifests in the second and third decades of life. Malnutrition and corticosteroid therapy may affect bone mineralization and delay bone growth. Our aim was to study bone mineral density and factors associated low bone mineral density (BMD) in pediatric CD. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study in children with CD (aged 5 to <18 years) was done. Demographic and treatment details were noted. Vitamin D levels <20 ng/mL were considered as deficiency...
June 20, 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628142/-epidemic-status-and-secular-trends-of-malnutrition-among-children-and-adolescents-aged-7-18-years-from-2005-to-2014-in-china
#2
Y H Dong, Z H Wang, Z G Yang, X J Wang, Y J Chen, Z Y Zou, J Ma
OBJECTIVE: To understand and analyze the current situation and secular trends for prevalence of malnutrition among Chinese children and adolescents aged 7-18 years from 2005 to 2014, and to provide important scientific basis for students' nutrition improvement. METHODS: All the subjects aged 7-18 years in both sexes were sampled from 2005, 2010 and 2014 Chinese National Surveys on Students Constitution and Health. According to the new students' health standard of "Screening Standard for Malnutrition of school-age children and adolescents"(WS/T456-2014) in 2014 of China, the nutritional status of children in 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities, excluding Hong Kong, Macao and Taiwan province) were analyzed and compared in different ages, genders, regions and provinces from 2005 to 2014...
June 18, 2017: Beijing da Xue Xue Bao. Yi Xue Ban, Journal of Peking University. Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625042/selenium-status-and-fungi-in-the-protein-losing-enteropathy-of-persistent-diarrhea
#3
Pramita G Dwipoerwantoro, Widjaja Lukito, Diana Aulia, Josiane Arnaud, Anne-Marie Roussel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: A vicious cycle of infection, malabsorption, and malnutrition has been implicated in the perpetuation of diarrheal disease. This study examined whether persistent diarrhea is associated with changes in selenium status and stool alpha-1 antitrypsin (AAT) concentration. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: This cross-sectional study included 30 children aged 1-12 years with persistent diarrhea who were hospitalized in Cipto Mangunkusumo Hospital and Fatmawati Hospital, Jakarta, and 30 apparently healthy children who were matched by age and sex and lived in a rural area of Jakarta...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625038/chronic-liver-disease-is-a-risk-factor-for-malnutrition-and-growth-retardation-in-children
#4
Ariani Dewi Widodo, Eva J Soelaeman, Novitria Dwinanda, Prajnya P Narendraswari, Budi Purnomo
BACKGROUND: Despite distinct advancements in nutritional therapy, malnutrition and growth retardation remain inevitable consequences of chronic liver disease. The global prevalence of chronic liver disease in children is about 3%, with a quarter undernourished. Malnutrition itself is a negative prognostic indicator of survival. Further research is necessary for delivering adequate nutritional support to reduce morbidity and mortality. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the nutritional status and growth of children with chronic liver disease and its contributing factors...
June 2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606173/tuberculosis-caseload-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-related-with-high-hospital-based-mortality-in-lusaka-zambia
#5
Tendai Munthali, Chishala Chabala, Elson Chama, Raider Mugode, Nathan Kapata, Patrick Musonda, Charles Michelo
BACKGROUND: Tuberculosis and severe acute malnutrition (SAM) in children pose a major treatment and care challenge in high HIV burden countries in Africa. We investigated the prevalence of Tuberculosis notifications among hospitalised under-five children with severe acute malnutrition. A retrospective review of medical records for all children aged 0-59 months admitted to the University Teaching Hospital from 2009 to 2013 was performed. Descriptive statistics were employed to estimate TB caseload...
June 12, 2017: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604513/severe-sarcopenia-and-increased-fat-stores-in-pediatric-patients-with-liver-kidney-or-intestine-failure
#6
Richard S Mangus, Weston J Bush, Chandrashekhar A Kubal, Christina Miller
OBJECTIVES: Malnutrition and wasting predict clinical outcomes in children with severe chronic illness. Objectively calculated malnutrition in children with end-stage organ failure has not been well studied. This analysis compares children with kidney, liver or intestine failure to healthy controls to quantitate the disparity in muscle and fat stores. METHODS: Children younger than age 19 with end stage liver, kidney or intestine failure and with pre-transplant computed tomography (CT) imaging were selected from the transplant database...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598454/prevalence-of-malnutrition-in-a-rural-residential-sanskrit-school-in-baglung-nepal
#7
B Amatya, N Shrestha
INTRODUCTION: Under-nutrition is a condition in which there is inadequate consumption, poor absorption or excessive loss of nutrients. Nepal still faces high chronic as well as acute under-nutrition in children. The following study was conducted a Sanskrit school in rural Baglung to find the prevalence of malnutrition among the children which could reflect the nutritional status of the community. METHODS: Out of 60 students admitted to the school, only 43 were present at the time when we collected our data...
January 2017: JNMA; Journal of the Nepal Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592288/stool-frequency-recording-in-severe-acute-malnutrition-stoolsam-an-agreement-study-comparing-maternal-recall-versus-direct-observation-using-diapers
#8
Wieger Voskuijl, Isabel Potani, Robert Bandsma, Anne Baan, Sarah White, Celine Bourdon, Marko Kerac
BACKGROUND: Approximately 50% of the deaths of children under the age of 5 can be attributed to undernutrition, which also encompasses severe acute malnutrition (SAM). Diarrhoea is strongly associated with these deaths and is commonly diagnosed solely based on stool frequency and consistency obtained through maternal recall. This trial aims to determine whether this approach is equivalent to a 'directly observed method' in which a health care worker directly observed stool frequency using diapers in hospitalised children with complicated SAM...
June 7, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28591166/assessment-of-the-effectiveness-of-a-small-quantity-lipid-based-nutrient-supplement-on-reducing-anaemia-and-stunting-in-refugee-populations-in-the-horn-of-africa-secondary-data-analysis
#9
Sarah Style, Melody Tondeur, Carlos Grijalva-Eternod, Josephine Pringle, Ismail Kassim, Caroline Wilkinson, Allison Oman, Carmel Dolan, Paul Spiegel, Andrew Seal
Stunting and micronutrient malnutrition are persistent public health problems in refugee populations. UNHCR and its partner organisations implement blanket supplementary feeding programmes using a range of special nutritional products as one approach to address these issues. The evidence base for the efficacy and effectiveness of a small quantity lipid-based nutrient supplement, Nutributter®, in reducing stunting and anaemia is limited. Secondary data analysis was used to assess the effectiveness of Nutributter® distribution on anaemia and stunting in children aged 6-23 months (programme target group) and 6-59 months (the standard age group sampled in routine nutrition surveys)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589415/noma-in-an-hiv-infected-patient-in-guinea-bissau-a-case-report
#10
Tina Madsen, Candida Medina, Sanne Jespersen, Christian Wejse, Bo Langhoff Hønge
BACKGROUND: Noma is a multifactorial and multibacterial opportunistic infection that initially causes necrotic gingivitis but rapidly spreads to the nearby orofacial tissue resulting in sloughing and severe deformation of the facial structures. The majority of cases are seen in young children under the age of 6 years. Noma is strongly associated with poverty, malnutrition and immunosuppression, and is often preceded by severe systemic infections such as measles and malaria. Only few cases of noma infection in adults have been described...
June 6, 2017: Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588982/efficacy-of-three-feeding-regimens-for-home-based-management-of-children-with-uncomplicated-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-randomised-trial-in-india
#11
Nita Bhandari, Sanjana Brahmawar Mohan, Anuradha Bose, Sharad D Iyengar, Sunita Taneja, Sarmila Mazumder, Ruby Angeline Pricilla, Kirti Iyengar, Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Venkata Raghava Mohan, Virendra Suhalka, Sachiyo Yoshida, Jose Martines, Rajiv Bahl
OBJECTIVE: To assess the efficacy of ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF), centrally produced RUTF (RUTF-C) or locally prepared RUTF (RUTF-L) for home-based management of uncomplicated severe acute malnutrition (SAM) compared with micronutrient-enriched (augmented) energy-dense home-prepared foods (A-HPF, the comparison group). METHODS: In an individually randomised multicentre trial, we enrolled 906 children aged 6-59 months with uncomplicated SAM. The children enrolled were randomised to receive RUTF-C, RUTF-L or A-HPF...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588566/gut-bacteria-missing-in-severe-acute-malnutrition-can-we-identify-potential-probiotics-by-culturomics
#12
Maryam Tidjani Alou, Matthieu Million, Sory I Traore, Donia Mouelhi, Saber Khelaifia, Dipankar Bachar, Aurelia Caputo, Jeremy Delerce, Souleymane Brah, Daouda Alhousseini, Cheikh Sokhna, Catherine Robert, Bouli A Diallo, Aldiouma Diallo, Philippe Parola, Michael Golden, Jean-Christophe Lagier, Didier Raoult
Severe acute malnutrition is the world-leading cause of children under-five's death. Recent metagenomics studies have established a link between gut microbiota and severe acute malnutrition, describing an immaturity with a striking depletion in oxygen-sensitive prokaryotes. Amoxicillin and therapeutic diet cure most of the children with severe acute malnutrition but an irreversible disruption of the gut microbiota is suspected in the refractory and most severe cases. In these cases, therapeutic diet may be unable to reverse the microbiota alteration leading to persistent impaired development or death...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28582817/nutritional-status-and-dietary-diversity-of-kamea-in-gulf-province-papua-new-guineas
#13
Janny M Goris, Nienke Zomerdijk, Victor J Temple
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To assess the nutritional status of infants, children and non-pregnant women and underlying factors, dietary diversity and community food security, in the Kamea community in Gulf Province, Papua New Guinea. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: Prospective cross sectional study. Study population 69 infants (0-59 months), 151 children (6-12 years) and 79 non-pregnant women from 10 villages in Kotidanga Local Level Government, Kerema District, Gulf Province, Papua New Guinea...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579716/clinically-confirmed-congenital-rubella-syndrome-the-role-of-echocardiography
#14
Demeke Mekonnen
BACKGROUND: Congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) affects thousands of children in the developing world because rubella vaccination is not routinely available in most of these countries. Among its many manifestations, congenital heart disease is life threatening. CASE DETAILS: A 9-month-old infant presented with whitish lesions over her left eye. She was evaluated with echocardiography that revealed peripheral pulmonary stenosis and patent ductus arteriosus. She had severe acute malnutrition and clinically confirmed congenital rubella syndrome (CRS)...
March 2017: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567278/psychosocial-stimulation-interventions-for-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-systematic-review
#15
Allison I Daniel, Robert H Bandsma, Lyubov Lytvyn, Wieger P Voskuijl, Isabel Potani, Meta van den Heuvel
BACKGROUND: The WHO Guidelines for the inpatient treatment of severely malnourished children include a recommendation to provide sensory stimulation or play therapy for children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM). This systematic review was performed to synthesize evidence around this recommendation. Specifically, the objective was to answer the question: "In children with severe acute malnutrition, does psychosocial stimulation improve child developmental, nutritional, or other outcomes?" METHODS: A review protocol was registered on the International Prospective Register of Systematic Reviews (PROSPERO 2016: CRD42016036403)...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559814/the-rare-case-of-pemphigus-vegetans-in-association-with-malnutrition-children-in-the-multidisciplinary-management
#16
Oki Suwarsa, Endang Sutedja, Hartati Purbo Dharmadji, Pramita Kusuma, July Rahardja, Reti Hindritiani, Hendra Gunawan
Pemphigus vegetans is a clinical variant of pemphigus vulgaris, accounting for 1-2% of all very rare pemphigus cases in children. The involvement of the oral mucosa in this disease is usually accompanied by severe pain that aggravates the patient's malnourished condition. Conversely, malnutrition may also reduce vulnerability towards autoimmune diseases. Although pemphigus vegetans has never been reported to develop in a child with marasmus before, we encountered a case of pemphigus vegetans in a severely malnourished patient...
January 2017: Case Reports in Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28540669/tropical-enteropathies
#17
REVIEW
John Louis-Auguste, Paul Kelly
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The term 'tropical enteropathy' originated in observations in the 1960s that small intestinal morphology and function differed in the tropics from the norms found in temperate climates. It was subsequently shown that this enteropathy is more closely related to environmental conditions than latitude, and it was re-labelled 'environmental enteropathy'. It is now recognised that environmental enteropathy (also now called environmental enteric dysfunction) has implications for the health and linear growth of children in low- and middle-income countries, and it may underlie poor responses to oral vaccination in these countries...
July 2017: Current Gastroenterology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28531148/early-childhood-dental-caries-mouth-pain-and-malnutrition-in-the-ecuadorian-amazon-region
#18
Marvin So, Yianni A Ellenikiotis, Hannah M Husby, Cecilia Leonor Paz, Brittany Seymour, Karen Sokal-Gutierrez
Malnutrition and dental caries in early childhood remain persistent and intertwined global health challenges, particularly for indigenous and geographically-remote populations. To examine the prevalence and associations between early childhood dental caries, parent-reported mouth pain and malnutrition in the Amazonian region of Ecuador, we conducted a cross-sectional study of the oral health and nutrition status of 1407 children from birth through age 6 in the "Alli Kiru" program (2011-2013). We used multivariate regression analysis to examine relationships between severe caries, parent-reported mouth pain measures, and nutritional status...
May 22, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28523054/acute-bacterial-meningitis-in-children-presenting-to-the-children-s-hospital-lahore-before-and-after-pneumococcal-vaccine-in-pakistan-national-immunization-program-a-comparison
#19
Attia Bari, Fatima Zeeshan, Aizza Zafar, Hasan Ejaz, Uzma Jabeen, Ahsan Waheed Rathore
OBJECTIVE: To describe bacteriological profile, morbidity and mortality of acute bacterial meningitis (ABM) in children and to compare these parameters before and after the introduction of Pneumococcal vaccine in Pakistan National Immunization Program. METHODS: The present descriptive study was conducted at the Department of Paediatric Medicine of The Children's Hospital Lahore from January 2012 to December 2015. A total of 503 children one month to five years of age admitted with diagnosis of meningitis were included...
March 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493871/ileus-in-children-presenting-with-diarrhea-and-severe-acute-malnutrition-a-chart-review
#20
Mohammod Jobayer Chisti, Abu Smsb Shahid, K M Shahunja, Pradip Kumar Bardhan, Abu Syeed Golam Faruque, Lubaba Shahrin, Sumon Kumar Das, Dipesh Kumar Barua, Md Iqbal Hossain, Tahmeed Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Severely malnourished children aged under five years requiring hospital admission for diarrheal illness frequently develop ileus during hospitalization with often fatal outcomes. However, there is no data on risk factors and outcome of ileus in such children. We intended to evaluate predictive factors for ileus during hospitalization and their outcomes. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: This was a retrospective chart review that enrolled severely malnourished children under five years old with diarrhea, admitted to the Dhaka Hospital of the International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh between April 2011 and August 2012...
May 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
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