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Severe malnutrition children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28814393/soya-maize-and-sorghum-based-ready-to-use-therapeutic-food-with-amino-acid-is-as-efficacious-as-the-standard-milk-and-peanut-paste-based-formulation-for-the-treatment-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-children-a-noninferiority-individually-randomized-controlled
#1
Paluku Bahwere, Peter Akomo, Mwawi Mwale, Hitoshi Murakami, Chrissy Banda, Sylvester Kathumba, Chimwemwe Banda, Solomon Jere, Kate Sadler, Steve Collins
Background: Development of more cost-effective ready-to-use therapeutic food (RUTF) is a global public health priority. To date, previous lower-cost recipes have been less effective than the standard peanut and milk (PM)-based RUTF, particularly in children aged <24 mo.Objective: We aimed to compare the efficacy of the PM-RUTF to a milk-free soya, maize, and sorghum (FSMS)-RUTF enriched with crystalline amino acids without cow milk powder and a milk, soya, maize, and sorghum (MSMS)-RUTF containing 9.3% skim cow milk powder...
August 16, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810666/monitoring-and-discharging-children-being-treated-for-severe-acute-malnutrition-using-mid-upper-arm-circumference-secondary-data-analysis-from-rural-gambia
#2
Alice Burrell, Marko Kerac, Helen Nabwera
Background: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) is a major public health problem. Mid-upper arm circumference (MUAC) is widely used to admit children to treatment programmes. However, insufficient data supporting MUAC discharge criterion limits its use as a stand-alone tool. Our aim was to evaluate MUAC for monitoring nutritional recovery and discharge. Methods: This was a secondary analysis of clinical data from children 6-59 months-old treated for SAM from January 2003 to December 2013 at the Nutritional Rehabilitation Unit in rural Gambia...
July 1, 2017: International Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762594/evaluation-of-outpatient-therapeutic-programme-otp-for-treatment-of-severe-acute-malnutrition-in-yemen-a-focus-on-treatment-default-and-its-risk-factors
#3
Mohammed Al Amad, Lina Al-Eryani, Abdulwahed Al Serouri, Yousef S Khader
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to measure the treatment default rate among children with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) who were admitted to the outpatient therapeutic programme (OTP) in Yemen and determine its risk factors. METHODS: A prospective study was conducted among children with SAM who were newly admitted to the 11 OTPs in primary health centres of Sana'a city. A pretested semistructured questionnaire was used for data collection at admission and at after 2 months of admission to the OTP...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760785/food-insecurity-and-maternal-child-nutritional-status-in-mexico-cross-sectional-analysis-of-the-national-health-and-nutrition-survey-2012
#4
Teresa Shamah-Levy, Verónica Mundo-Rosas, Carmen Morales-Ruan, Lucia Cuevas-Nasu, Ignacio Méndez-Gómez-Humarán, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla
OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between household food insecurity (HFI) and risk of childhood stunting and to determine whether this association is modified by maternal-child overweight/obesity. DESIGN: Observational cross-sectional study. SETTING: Data come from the Mexican National Health and Nutrition Survey (ENSANUT 2012 by its initials in Spanish), representative of rural and urban areas. PARTICIPANTS: Our study sample included 5087 mother-preschool child pairs and 7181 mother-schoolchild pairs...
July 31, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750860/impaired-barrier-function-and-autoantibody-generation-in-malnutrition-enteropathy-in-zambia
#5
Beatrice Amadi, Ellen Besa, Kanekwa Zyambo, Patrick Kaonga, John Louis-Auguste, Kanta Chandwe, Phillip I Tarr, Donna M Denno, James P Nataro, William Faubion, Anne Sailer, Sunil Yeruva, Tricia Brantner, Joseph Murray, Andrew J Prendergast, Jerrold R Turner, Paul Kelly
Intestinal damage in malnutrition constitutes a threat to the survival of many thousands of children globally. We studied children in Lusaka, Zambia, with severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and persistent diarrhea using endoscopy, biopsy and analysis of markers and protective proteins in blood and intestinal secretions. We carried out parallel investigations in apparently healthy adults, and analyzed biomarkers only in apparently healthy children. Villus height and crypt depth did not differ in children with SAM and adult controls, but epithelial surface was reduced in children with SAM (median 445, interquartile range (IQR) 388, 562μm per 100μm muscularis mucosae) compared to adults (578, IQR 465,709; P=0...
August 2017: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743238/determinants-of-stunting-and-severe-stunting-among-burundian-children-aged-6-23-months-evidence-from-a-national-cross-sectional-household-survey-2014
#6
Sandra Nkurunziza, Bruno Meessen, Jean-Pierre Van Geertruyden, Catherine Korachais
BACKGROUND: Burundi is one of the poorest countries and is among the four countries with the highest prevalence of stunting (58%) among children aged less than 5 years. This situation undermines the economic growth of the country as undernutrition is strongly associated with less schooling and reduced economic productivity. Identifying the determinants of stunting and severe stunting may help policy-makers to direct the limited Burundian resources to the most vulnerable segments of the population, and thus make it more cost effective...
July 25, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730929/development-of-a-screening-tool-to-predict-malnutrition-among-children-under-two-years-old-in-zambia
#7
Junko Hasegawa, Yoichi M Ito, Taro Yamauchi
BACKGROUND: Maternal and child undernutrition is an important issue, particularly in low- and middle-income countries. Children at high risk of malnutrition should be prioritized to receive necessary interventions to minimize such risk. Several risk factors have been proposed; however, until now, there has been no appropriate evaluation method to identify these children. In sub-Saharan Africa, children commonly receive regular check-ups from community health workers. A simple and easy nutrition assessment method is therefore needed for use by semi-professional health workers...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710451/selection-of-complementary-foods-based-on-optimal-nutritional-values
#8
Partho Sen, Adil Mardinogulu, Jens Nielsen
Human milk is beneficial for growth and development of infants. Several factors result in mothers ceasing breastfeeding which leads to introduction of breast-milk substitutes (BMS). In some communities traditional foods are given as BMS, in others they are given as complementary foods during weaning. Improper food selection at this stage is associated with a high prevalence of malnutrition in children under 5 years. Here we listed the traditional foods from four continents and compared them with human milk based on their dietary contents...
July 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705254/correlates-of-whole-blood-polyunsaturated-fatty-acids-among-young-children-with-moderate-acute-malnutrition
#9
C W Yaméogo, B Cichon, C Fabiansen, M J H Rytter, D Faurholt-Jepsen, K D Stark, A Briend, S Shepherd, A S Traoré, V B Christensen, K F Michaelsen, H Friis, L Lauritzen
BACKGROUND: Severe acute malnutrition (SAM) has been associated with low polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) status. However, investigations regarding PUFA status and correlates in children with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) from low-income countries are scarce. The aim of this study was to describe whole-blood PUFA levels in children with moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) and to identify correlates of PUFAs. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study using baseline data from a prospective nutritional intervention trial among 1609 children with MAM aged 6-23 months in Burkina Faso,West Africa...
July 13, 2017: Nutrition Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699610/survival-and-recovery-in-severely-wasted-under-five-children-without-community-management-of-acute-malnutrition-programme
#10
Harshpal Singh Sachdev, Sikha Sinha, Neha Sareen, R M Pandey, Umesh Kapil
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate recovery and survival of severely wasted children without community management of acute malnutrition programme. DESIGN: Single time point follow-up (24th December 2013 - 2nd April, 2014) of severely wasted children identified in a community-based cross-sectional survey (September 2012 - October 2013). SETTING: Rural Meerut District, Uttar Pradesh, India. PARTICIPANTS: 409 severely wasted (WHO weight-for-height <-3Z), 6- to 59-month-old children...
July 11, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693012/stress-measured-by-allostatic-load-in-neurologically-impaired-children-the-importance-of-nutritional-status
#11
Valeria Calcaterra, Hellas Cena, Annalisa de Silvestri, Riccardo Albertini, Mara De Amici, Mario Valenza, Gloria Pelizzo
BACKGROUND: Allostatic load (AL) is the cumulative physiological wear and tear that results from repeated efforts to adapt to stressors over time. The life stress response is modified by nutritional status. AIM: We estimated AL scores among neurologically impaired (NI) children; the association with malnutrition was also evaluated. METHODS: Forty-one patients with severe disabilities were included. Data based on 15 biomarkers were used to create the AL score...
July 10, 2017: Hormone Research in Pædiatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28690950/the-role-of-parents-literacy-in-malnutrition-of-children-under-the-age-of-five-years-in-a-semi-urban-community-of-pakistan-a-case-control-study
#12
Umme K Khattak, Saima P Iqbal, Haider Ghazanfar
OBJECTIVES: According to a recent survey, Pakistan was ranked as the third highest country with malnutrition and the under-five child mortality. No realistic solution for this growing problem has been found despite the fact that the struggle to tackle the issue of malnutrition among young Pakistani children has been going on for the last several decades. The objective of our study was to look into the relationship between parental education and malnutrition in Pakistan and to make a recommendation to improve the nutritional condition of the children...
June 5, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678315/clinical-tools-to-assess-nutritional-risk-and-malnutrition-in-hospitalized-children-and-adolescents
#13
E Rinninella, A Ruggiero, P Maurizi, S Triarico, M Cintoni, M C Mele
Malnutrition in children and adolescents may be underestimated during hospital stay. In western countries, children were often hospitalized for acute or chronic diseases that are not necessarily related to malnutrition. However, acute or chronic injuries may hamper nutritional status, prolonging recovery after admission and consequently length of hospital stay. Several methods and techniques are known to investigate malnutrition in children, even if their use is not widespread in clinical practice. Many of these are simple and easy to perform and could be useful to a better management of every kind of illness...
June 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675134/overview-of-the-infant-and-young-child-feeding-policy-environment-in-pakistan-federal-sindh-and-punjab-context
#14
Hana Mahmood, Yasmeen Suleman, Tabish Hazir, Durre Samin Akram, Shahadat Uddin, Michael J Dibley, Saleem Abassi, Amara Shakeel, Narjis Kazmi, Anne Marie Thow
BACKGROUND: Appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices have been identified as important for appropriate child growth and development. (Ministry of Planning and Development, Ministry of National Health Services, Regulations and Coordination (2012)) Children in Pakistan still experience high rates of malnutrition, indicating a likely need for stronger IYCF policy. The purpose of this study was to identify major stakeholders who shape the IYCF policy environment and analyze which policies protect, promote and support IYCF practices, either directly or indirectly...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670966/malnutrition-in-hiv-infected-children-is-an-indicator-of-severe-disease-with-an-impaired-response-to-antiretroviral-therapy
#15
Maximilian Muenchhoff, Michael Healy, Ravesh Singh, Julia Roider, Andreas Groll, Chirjeev Kindra, Thobekile Sibaya, Angeline Moonsamy, Callum McGregor, Michelle Q Phan, Alejandro Palma, Henrik Kloverpris, Alasdair Leslie, Raziya Bobat, Philip S LaRussa, Thumbi Ndung'u, Philip Jr Goulder, Magdalena E Sobieszczyk, Mohendran Archary
Objectives This observational study aimed to describe immunopathogenesis and treatment outcomes in children with and without severe acute malnutrition (SAM) and HIV-infection. Design We studied markers of microbial translocation (16sDNA), intestinal damage (iFABP), monocyte activation (sCD14), T-cell activation (CD38, HLA-DR) and immune exhaustion (PD1) in 32 HIV-infected children with and 41 HIV-infected children without SAM prior to initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART) and cross-sectionally compared these children to 15 HIV-uninfected children with and 19 HIV-uninfected children without SAM...
July 2, 2017: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667722/randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-probiotics-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-pediatric-gastroenterologist-s-viewpoint
#16
Rohan Malik
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667721/randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-probiotics-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-pediatrician-s-viewpoint
#17
Praveen Kumar
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28667720/randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-probiotics-in-children-with-severe-acute-malnutrition-evidence-based-medicine-viewpoint
#18
J L Mathew
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657963/maternal-hiv-infection-is-an-important-health-determinant-in-non-hiv-infected-infants
#19
María Rupérez, Raquel González, Sonia Maculuve, Llorenç Quintó, Elisa López-Varela, Orvalho Augusto, Anifa Vala, Arsénio Nhacolo, Esperança Sevene, Denise Naniche, Clara Menéndez
OBJECTIVE: To assess morbidity and mortality in HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) children to help guiding appropriate clinical care and effective preventive interventions. DESIGN: This is a longitudinal study comparing two cohorts of children; one born to HIV-infected women and the other born to HIV-uninfected women. METHODS: We have analyzed prospectively obtained information on nutritional status, morbidity and mortality from 966 HEU and 909 HIV-unexposed infants followed up until their first 18 months of life at a referral health facility in southern Mozambique...
July 17, 2017: AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28631133/bone-density-in-pediatric-crohn-s-disease-a-cross-sectional-observation-from-south-india
#20
Shiraz Salim Khan, Sagar S Patil
BACKGROUND: Crohn's disease (CD) frequently manifests in the second and third decades of life. Malnutrition and corticosteroid therapy may affect bone mineralization and delay bone growth. Our aim was to study bone mineral density and factors associated low bone mineral density (BMD) in pediatric CD. METHODS: A cross-sectional observational study in children with CD (aged 5 to <18 years) was done. Demographic and treatment details were noted. Vitamin D levels <20 ng/mL were considered as deficiency...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Gastroenterology: Official Journal of the Indian Society of Gastroenterology
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