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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040895/economic-analysis-of-prenatal-screening-strategies-for-down-syndrome-in-singleton-pregnancies-in-turkey
#1
Zeynep Güldem Ökem, Gökçen Örgül, Berna Tari Kasnakoglu, Mehmet Çakar, M Sinan Beksaç
OBJECTIVES: To examine the costs and outcomes of different screening strategies for Down Syndrome (DS) in singleton pregnancies. STUDY DESIGN: A decision-analytic model was developed to compare the costs and the outcomes of different prenatal screening strategies. Five strategies were compared for women under 35-year of age: 1A) triple test (TT), 2A); combined test (CT), 3A) Non-invasive Prenatal Screening Test by using cell free fetal DNA (NIPT), 4A) and 5A) NIPT as a second-step screening for high-risk patients detected by either TT, or CT respectively...
October 5, 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040638/low-serum-progesterone-on-the-day-of-embryo-transfer-is-associated-with-a-diminished-ongoing-pregnancy-rate-in-oocyte-donation-cycles-after-artificial-endometrial-preparation-a-prospective-study
#2
E Labarta, G Mariani, N Holtmann, P Celada, J Remohí, E Bosch
STUDY QUESTION: Is there a relationship between serum progesterone (P) and endometrial volume on the day of embryo transfer (ET) with ongoing pregnancy rate (OPR) in artificial endometrium preparation cycles? SUMMARY ANSWER: Patients with serum P < 9.2 ng/ml on the day of ET had a significantly lower OPR but endometrial volume was not related with OPR. WHAT IS KNOWN ALREADY: A window of optimal serum P levels during the embryo implantation period has been described in artificial endometrium preparation cycles...
October 13, 2017: Human Reproduction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036957/-a-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials-of-bismuth-containing-quadruple-therapy-combined-with-probiotic-supplement-for-eradication-of-helicobacter-pylori
#3
X B Si, Y Lan, L Qiao
Objective: The bismuth containing quadruple therapy (BCQT) acts as first-line therapy in China. Probiotics supplement also shows Helicobacter pylori eradication effects. Adding probiotics along with BCQT may improve eradication rate of Helicobacter pylori. Methods: Electronic databases including Medline, Embase, Wanfang Database, etc. were searched by the established searching strategy. After that, a funnel plot was adopted to evaluate publication bias. The meta-analysis was supplemented in fixed effect model for low heterogeneity and randomized effect model for high heterogeneity conversely...
October 1, 2017: Zhonghua Nei Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Internal Medicine]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035427/differences-in-the-korea-acute-myocardial-infarction-registry-compared-with-western-registries
#4
REVIEW
Doo Sun Sim, Myung Ho Jeong
The Korea Acute Myocardial Infarction Registry (KAMIR) is the first nationwide registry that reflects current therapeutic approaches and acute myocardial infarction (AMI) management in Korea. The results of the KAMIR demonstrated different risk factors and responses to medical and interventional treatments. The results indicated that the incidence of ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) was relatively high, and that the prevalence of dyslipidemia was relatively low with higher triglyceride and lower high-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels...
September 18, 2017: Korean Circulation Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035132/hybrid-lipid-polymer-nanoparticles-for-pulmonary-delivery-of-sirna-development-and-fate-upon-in-vitro-deposition-on-the-human-epithelial-airway-barrier
#5
Ivana d'Angelo, Gabriella Costabile, Estelle Durantie, Paola Brocca, Valeria Rondelli, Annapina Russo, Giulia Russo, Agnese Miro, Fabiana Quaglia, Alke Petri-Fink, Barbara Rothen-Rutishauser, Francesca Ungaro
BACKGROUND: Nowadays, the downregulation of genes involved in the pathogenesis of severe lung diseases through local siRNA delivery appears an interesting therapeutic approach. In this study, we propose novel hybrid lipid-polymer nanoparticles (hNPs) consisting of poly(lactic-co-glycolic) acid (PLGA) and dipalmitoyl phosphatidylcholine (DPPC) as siRNA inhalation system. METHODS: A panel of DPPC/PLGA hNPs was prepared by emulsion/solvent diffusion and fully characterized...
October 16, 2017: Journal of Aerosol Medicine and Pulmonary Drug Delivery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034185/ashtawarga-plants-suffering-a-triple-standardization-syndrome
#6
REVIEW
Jaswinder Kaur Virk, Vikas Gupta, Sanjiv Kumar, Ranjit Singh, Parveen Bansal
Ayurveda is one of the oldest known holistic health care systems recommending diverse medicinal uses of plants for prevention and cure of diseases and illness. World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that the holistic system is gaining more popularity due to its easy availability, low cost, congeniality, better accessibility and higher safety than allopathic medicine. Demand of herbal drugs is increasing day-by-day because of increasing popularity of herbal drugs; however market fails to meet this supply due to numerous factors, one of the important factors being the extinction of these plants from local flora...
October 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031923/deae-dextran-coated-paclitaxel-nanoparticles-act-as-multifunctional-nano-system-for-intranuclear-delivery-to-triple-negative-breast-cancer-through-vegf-and-notch1-inhibition
#7
Anita K Bakrania, Bhavesh C Variya, Lalji V Rathod, Snehal S Patel
Triple negative breast cancer revolution has identified a plethora of therapeutic targets making it apparent that a single target for its treatment could be rare hence creating an urge to develop robust technologies for combination drug therapy. Paclitaxel, hailed as the most significant advancement in chemotherapy faces several underpinnings due to its low solubility and permeability. Advancing research has demonstrated the role of interferons in cancer. DEAE-Dextran, an emerging molecule with evidence of interferon induction was utilized in the present study to develop a nanoformulation in conjugation with paclitaxel to target multiple therapeutic pathways, with diminution of paclitaxel adverse effects and develop a specific targeted nano system...
October 11, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutics and Biopharmaceutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031688/vitamin-d-deficiency-is-associated-with-poor-breast-cancer-prognostic-features-in-postmenopausal-women
#8
Benedito de Sousa Almeida-Filho, Heloisa De Luca Vespoli, Eduardo Carvalho Pessoa, Murilo Machado, Jorge Nahas-Neto, Eliana Aguiar Petri Nahas
This study aimed to evaluate the association between pretreatment vitamin D (VD) deficiency with breast cancer prognostic features in Brazilian postmenopausal women. An analytical cross sectional study was conducted with 192 women, aged 45-75 years, attended at University Hospital. Women with recent diagnosis of breast cancer, in amenorrhea >12months and age ≥45 years, without medication use or clinical conditions that interfere with VD values were included. Clinical and anthropometric data were collected...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024822/pubertally-initiated-high-fat-diet-promotes-mammary-tumorigenesis-in-obesity-prone-fvb-mice-similarly-to-obesity-resistant-balb-c-mice
#9
Yirong Zhu, Mark D Aupperlee, Sandra Z Haslam, Richard C Schwartz
Premenopausal breast cancer is associated with increased animal fat consumption among normal-weight but not overweight women. Our previous findings in obesity-resistant BALB/c mice showed that a diet high in saturated animal fat (HFD) promotes mammary tumorigenesis in both DMBA carcinogenesis and Trp53-null transplant models. Having made these observations in BALB/c mice, which have very modest HFD weight gain, we determined the effects of HFD in FVB mice, which gain significant weight on HFD. Three-week-old FVB mice fed a low-fat diet or HFD were subjected to 7,12-dimethylbenz[a]anthracene-induced carcinogenesis...
October 9, 2017: Translational Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022676/vitamin-d-deficiency-in-acute-coronary-syndrome-clinically-relevant-or-incidental-finding
#10
Marijana Knežević Praveček, Željka Vuković-Arar, Blaženka Miškić, Irzal Hadžibegović
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with cardiovascular disease. The aim of this study was to determine serum concentration of 25 hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) in patients with acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and to assess the prognostic role of serum vitamin D level in ACS patients during 3-year follow up. METHODS: The study included 60 ACS patients hospitalized at cardiology department for ACS between March 2012 and October 2012, and 60 age- and sex-matched control patients without ACS...
September 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022489/adar1-expression-is-associated-with-tumour-infiltrating-lymphocytes-in-triple-negative-breast-cancer
#11
In Hye Song, Young-Ae Kim, Sun-Hee Heo, In Ah Park, Miseon Lee, Won Seon Bang, Hye Seon Park, Gyungyub Gong, Hee Jin Lee
Tumours with a high mutation burden exhibit considerable neoantigens and tumour-infiltrating lymphocytes. RNA editing by ADAR1 is a source of changes in epitope. However, ADAR1 expression in cancer cells and tumour-infiltrating lymphocyte levels in triple-negative breast cancer have not been well evaluated. We immunohistochemically examined ADAR1 expression in 681 triple-negative breast cancer patients and analysed their clinicopathological characteristics. We also analysed basal-like tumours using The Cancer Genome Atlas data...
October 2017: Tumour Biology: the Journal of the International Society for Oncodevelopmental Biology and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021806/erecta-regulates-cell-elongation-by-activating-auxin-biosynthesis-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#12
Xiaoya Qu, Zhong Zhao, Zhaoxia Tian
The ERECTA family genes, ERECTA (ER), ERECTA-LIKE1 (ERL1), and ERECTA-LIKE2 (ERL2), encode leucine-rich repeat receptor-like kinases in Arabidopsis thaliana. Knocking out these three genes can cause severe phenotypes, which indicates that they play significant roles in plant growth and development. However, the molecular mechanism within remains unclear. Here we show that the short hypocotyl phenotypes of er erl1 erl2 mutants are mainly due to the defects of cell elongation rather than the cell division. In contrast, in the ERECTA overexpression transgenic plants, the hypocotyl length is increased with elongated cells...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021293/ppar%C3%AE-ligand-induced-annexin-a1-expression-determines-chemotherapy-response-via-deubiquitination-of-death-domain-kinase-rip-in-triple-negative-breast-cancers
#13
Luxi Chen, Yi Yuan, Shreya Kar, Madhu M Kanchi, Suruchi Arora, Ji E Kim, Pei F Koh, Einas Yousef, Ramar P Samy, Muthu K Shanmugam, Tuan Z Tan, Sung W Shin, Frank Arfuso, Han M Shen, Henry Yang, Boon C Goh, Joo I Park, Louis Gaboury, Peter E Lobie, Gautam Sethi, Lina H K Lim, Alan P Kumar
Metastatic breast cancer is still incurable so far; new specifically targeted and more effective therapies for triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC) are required in the clinic. In this study, our clinical data have established that basal and claudin-low subtypes of breast cancer (TNBC types) express significantly higher levels of Annexin A1 (ANXA1) with poor survival outcomes. Using human cancer cell lines that model the TNBC subtype, we observed a strong positive correlation between expression of ANXA1 and PPARγ...
August 15, 2017: Molecular Cancer Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020525/social-determinants-of-adherence-to-pulmonary-rehabilitation-for-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#14
Gabriela R Oates, Bryant W Hamby, Irena Stepanikova, Sara J Knight, Surya P Bhatt, Jason Hitchcock, Christopher Schumann, Mark T Dransfield
Adherence to pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) is low. Previous studies have focused on clinical predictors of PR completion. We aimed to identify social determinants of adherence to PR. A cross-sectional analysis of a database of COPD patients (N = 455) in an outpatient PR program was performed. Adherence, a ratio of attended-to-prescribed sessions, was coded as low (<35%), moderate (35-85%), and high (>85%). Individual-level measures included age, sex, race, BMI, smoking status, pack-years, baseline 6-minute walk distance (6MWD: <150, 150-249, ≥250), co-morbidities, depression, and prescribed PR sessions (≤20, 21-30, >30)...
October 11, 2017: COPD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018036/ccnd2-overexpression-enhances-the-regenerative-potency-of-human-induced-pluripotent-stem-cell-derived-cardiomyocytes-remuscularization-of-injured-ventricle
#15
Wuqiang Zhu, Meng Zhao, Saidulu Mattapally, Sifeng Chen, Jianyi Zhang
Rationale: The effectiveness of transplanted, human induced pluripotent stem cell-derived cardiomyocytes (hiPSC-CMs) for treatment of ischemic myocardial injury is limited by the exceptionally low engraftment rate. Objective: To determine whether overexpression of the cell-cycle activator CCND2 in hiPSC-CMs can increase the graft size and improve myocardial recovery in a mouse model of myocardial infarction (MI) by increasing the proliferation of grafted cells. Methods and Results: Human CCND2 was delivered to hiPSCs via lenti-viral mediated gene transfection...
October 10, 2017: Circulation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017883/effect-of-salt-on-the-coil-helix-transition-of-gelatin-at-early-stages-optical-rotation-rheology-and-dsc-studies
#16
Congde Qiao, Jianlong Zhang, Xianguang Ma, Weiliang Liu, Qinze Liu
The influence of the concentration and type of salt on the physical gelation of gelatin at early stages was explored by polarimeter, rheometer and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC). With the increase of salt concentration, both the triple helix content and the storage modulus of gelatin increased slightly and then decreased in CaCl2 solutions, whereas they decreased monotonically in NaCl and CrCl3 solutions. The addition of CaCl2 at low concentrations facilitated the coil-helix transition of gelatin, which could be significantly inhibited by high salt concentrations...
October 7, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016628/hazardous-air-pollutants-and-primary-liver-cancer-in-texas
#17
Luca Cicalese, Giuseppe Curcuru, Mauro Montalbano, Ali Shirafkan, Jeremias Georgiadis, Cristiana Rastellini
The incidence of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), the most common primary liver cancer, is increasing in the US and tripled during the past two decades. The reasons for such phenomenon remain poorly understood. Texas is among continental states with the highest incidence of liver cancer with an annual increment of 5.7%. Established risk factors for HCC include Hepatitis B and C (HBV, HCV) viral infection, alcohol, tobacco and suspected risk factors include obesity and diabetes. While distribution of these risk factors in the state of Texas is similar to the national data and homogeneous, the incidence of HCC in this state is exceptionally higher than the national average and appears to be dishomogeneous in various areas of the state suggesting that other non-recognized risk factors might play a role...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016491/expanding-prenatal-care-to-unauthorized-immigrant-women-and-the-effects-on-infant-health
#18
Jonas J Swartz, Jens Hainmueller, Duncan Lawrence, Maria I Rodriguez
OBJECTIVE: To measure the effect of access to prenatal care on unauthorized and low-income, new legal permanent resident immigrant women and their offspring. METHODS: We used a difference-in-differences design that leverages the staggered rollout of Emergency Medicaid Plus by county from 2008 to 2013 as a natural experiment to estimate the effect on health service utilization for women and health outcomes for their infants. Regular Medicaid pregnancies were used as an additional control in a triple difference design...
October 6, 2017: Obstetrics and Gynecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993176/comparing-parents-and-overweight-adolescents-reports-on-parent-mealtime-actions
#19
Carolina Bertagnoli Volpe, Maria Luiza Blanques Petty, Altay Alves Lino de Souza, Maria Arlete Meil Schimith Escrivão
This study aimed to compare answers given by parents and their adolescent children to the Portuguese version of the Parent Mealtime Action Scale (PMAS) and to assess associations among the reported behaviors. To compare these answers, a cross-sectional study was conducted in a sample of 72 patients of the Obesity Clinic of the Division of Nutrology of the Pediatrics Department at the Federal University of São Paulo (Unifesp), Brazil. These patients were aged from 10 years to 19 years and 11 months, and their parents or legal guardians also participated...
October 6, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991374/synaptopodin-2-suppresses-metastasis-of-triple-negative-breast-cancer-via-inhibition-of-yap-taz-activity
#20
Junling Liu, Liping Ye, Qingyuan Li, Xianqiu Wu, Bin Wang, Ying Ouyang, Zhongyu Yuan, Jun Li, Chuyong Lin
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) represents the most aggressive subtype of breast cancer with a high incidence of distant metastasis; however, the underlying mechanism for this frequent recurrence remains unclear. Herein, we find that Synaptopodin 2, a putative tumor suppressor in aggressive cancer, is frequently downregulated in TNBC by methylation of the promoter of SYNPO2. Low expression levels of SYNPO2 correlated significantly with 5-year metastatic relapse, and predicted poorer prognosis in breast cancer patients...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Pathology
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