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Obesity children rct

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768728/evaluation-of-complex-community-based-childhood-obesity-prevention-interventions
#1
REVIEW
D Karacabeyli, S Allender, S Pinkney, S Amed
BACKGROUND: Multi-setting, multi-component community-based interventions have shown promise in preventing childhood obesity; however, evaluation of these complex interventions remains a challenge. OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study is to systematically review published methodological approaches to outcome evaluation for multi-setting community-based childhood obesity prevention interventions and synthesize a set of pragmatic recommendations. METHODS: MEDLINE, CINAHL and PsycINFO were searched from inception to 6 July 2017...
May 16, 2018: Obesity Reviews: An Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756984/sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-and-obesity-in-children-s-meta-analyses-reaching-wrong-answers-for-right-questions
#2
Mariela Nissensohn, Daniel Fuentes Lugo, Lluis Serra-Majem
BACKGROUND: Recent studies assert that sugar-containing drinks may play a key role in the etiology of obesity. However, scientific reviews show contradictory results. Whether there is just association or clear causation still is a matter of debate. It is also subject to discussion whether the quality/adequacy of the different studies may influence their outcome. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study is to explore the most recent scientific evidence focused on sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB) and child obesity and to further analyze the adequacy of the meta-analyses in terms of their results, with special emphasis in the methodology, clarity and transparence of their procedures...
April 4, 2018: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29748932/increased-metformin-clearance-in-overweight-and-obese-adolescents-a-pharmacokinetic-substudy-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Anne van Rongen, Marloes P van der Aa, Maja Matic, Ron H N van Schaik, Vera H M Deneer, Marja M van der Vorst, Catherijne A J Knibbe
BACKGROUND: In view of the increased use of metformin in obese adolescents, the aim of this study was to determine the pharmacokinetics of metformin in overweight and obese adolescents. METHODS: In overweight and obese adolescents receiving metformin 500 or 1000 mg twice daily for 37 weeks during a clinical trial, blood samples were collected over 8 h during an oral glucose tolerance test. Population pharmacokinetic modeling was performed using NONMEM. RESULTS: Data for 22 overweight and obese adolescents with a mean total body weight (TBW) of 79...
May 10, 2018: Paediatric Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29747047/a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-orthodontist-based-brief-advice-to-prevent-child-obesity
#4
Melbourne F Hovell, Katharine E Schmitz, Sandy Liles, Kristi Robusto, C Richard Hofstetter, Jeanne F Nichols, Cheryl L Rock, Veronica Irvin, Melanie S Parker, Santiago A Surillo, David Noel
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a randomized controlled trial to test whether brief exercise and diet advice provided during child patient visits to their orthodontic office could improve diet, physical activity, and age-and-gender-adjusted BMI. METHODS: We enrolled orthodontic offices in Southern California and Tijuana, Mexico, and recruited their patients aged 8-16 to participate in a two-year study. At each office visit, staff provided the children with "prescriptions" for improving diet and exercise behaviors...
May 7, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717377/a-systematic-review-of-sleep-hypertension-and-cardiovascular-risk-in-children-and-adolescents
#5
REVIEW
Aaron D Fobian, Lindsey Elliott, Tinnie Louie
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many of the risk factors for heart disease have recently been shown to develop during childhood such as left ventricular hypertrophy and fibrous plaque lesions. As risk for cardiovascular disease in children and adolescents has risen, sleep duration has decreased, and inadequate sleep in children and adolescents has been found to be associated with cardiovascular disease risk. The aims of this manuscript are to provide an updated systematic review of the literature assessing sleep, hypertension, and cardiovascular risk and evaluate the strength of the evidence based on the available research...
May 1, 2018: Current Hypertension Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642628/promoting-water-consumption-on-a-caribbean-island-an-intervention-using-children-s-social-networks-at-schools
#6
Saskia C M Franken, Crystal R Smit, Moniek Buijzen
Sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and the associated childhood obesity are major concerns in the Caribbean, creating a need for interventions promoting water consumption as a healthy alternative. A social network-based intervention (SNI) was tested among Aruban children to increase their water consumption and behavioral intention to do so and, consequently, to decrease SSB consumption and the associated behavioral intention. In this study, the moderating effects of descriptive and injunctive norms were tested...
April 10, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601997/effectiveness-of-a-carbohydrate-restricted-diet-to-treat-non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-in-adolescents-with-obesity-trial-design-and-methodology
#7
Shima Dowla, May Pendergrass, Mark Bolding, Barbara Gower, Kevin Fontaine, Ambika Ashraf, Taraneh Soleymani, Shannon Morrison, Amy Goss
BACKGROUND: Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common liver disorder among children in the developed world and can progress to cirrhosis, hepatocellular carcinoma, and liver failure. No evidence-based dietary guidelines exist on the most effective diet prescription to treat NAFLD. OBJECTIVE: To compare the effect of a carbohydrate (CHO)-restricted diet vs fat-restricted diet, the current standard of care, on changes in hepatic fat infiltration, body composition, and metabolic health over an 8-week period among overweight and obese children diagnosed with NAFLD...
March 27, 2018: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29593658/economic-evaluation-of-primrose-a-trial-based-analysis-of-an-early-childhood-intervention-to-prevent-obesity
#8
Nora Döring, Niklas Zethraeus, Per Tynelius, Jeroen de Munter, Diana Sonntag, Finn Rasmussen
Background: Childhood obesity is a major clinical and economic health concern. Alongside the clinical understanding of obesity, there is a growing interest in designing and implementing interventions that are worth their money given the scarce resources in the health care sector. This study is one of the first efforts to provide evidence by assessing the effects and costs of a population-based primary prevention intervention targeting pre-school children attending child health centers in Sweden...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29534700/a-narrative-account-of-implementation-lessons-learnt-from-the-dissemination-of-an-up-scaled-state-wide-child-obesity-management-program-in-australia-peach%C3%A2-parenting-eating-and-activity-for-child-health-queensland
#9
Debbie L Croyden, Helen A Vidgen, Emma Esdaile, Emely Hernandez, Anthea Magarey, Carly J Moores, Lynne Daniels
BACKGROUND: PEACH™QLD translated the PEACH™ Program, designed to manage overweight/obesity in primary school-aged children, from efficacious RCT and small scale community trial to a larger state-wide program. This paper describes the lessons learnt when upscaling to universal health coverage. METHODS: The 6-month, family-focussed program was delivered in Queensland, Australia from 2013 to 2016. Its implementation was planned by researchers who developed the program and conducted the RCT, and experienced project managers and practitioners across the health continuum...
March 13, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29501475/the-association-of-flavored-milk-consumption-with-milk-and-energy-intake-and-obesity-a-systematic-review
#10
REVIEW
Anisha I Patel, Sepideh Dibay Moghadam, Michael Freedman, Aakash Hazari, Min-Lin Fang, Isabel E Allen
Taxes on sugary drinks are being implemented to prevent chronic diseases. Sugar-sweetened milk has been exempt from such policies because of its nutritional value. This systematic review sought to examine whether flavored milk consumption was associated with milk and energy intake, and obesity among children. A search of PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane, CINAHL, Web of Science, Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials and the grey literature was conducted for peer-reviewed publications published before June 6, 2016 that met the following criteria: 1) English-language publications 2) studies of children ages 1 to 18 years, 3) controlled experimental, cohort, case-control, systematic reviews, or meta-analysis studies 4) dependent variable: flavored milk consumption 5) independent variable: weight, weight gain, weight change, body mass index, metabolic syndrome, waist circumference, cholesterol, triglycerides, blood pressure, serum glucose, calories, sugar, or milk consumed...
June 2018: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446437/effects-of-total-fat-intake-on-bodyweight-in-children
#11
REVIEW
Celeste E Naude, Marianne E Visser, Kim A Nguyen, Solange Durao, Anel Schoonees
BACKGROUND: As part of efforts to prevent childhood overweight and obesity, we need to understand the relationship between total fat intake and body fatness in generally healthy children. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of total fat intake on measures of weight and body fatness in children and young people not aiming to lose weight. SEARCH METHODS: For this update we revised the previous search strategy and ran it over all years in the Cochrane Library, MEDLINE (Ovid), MEDLINE (PubMed), and Embase (Ovid) (current to 23 May 2017)...
February 15, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366922/motor-skills-intervention-research-of-children-with-disabilities
#12
REVIEW
Jason C Bishop, Melissa Pangelinan
BACKGROUND: Physical inactivity and obesity among children with physical and cognitive disabilities is an emerging public health issue. Children's motor skill development is a determinant of lifelong physical activity and obesity. AIMS: The purpose of this article is to critically evaluate motor skill intervention literature among children with physical and cognitive disabilities. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Electronic searches were completed to identity research articles published from 1984 to 2014...
March 2018: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29360829/long-term-risks-and-benefits-associated-with-cesarean-delivery-for-mother-baby-and-subsequent-pregnancies-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
Oonagh E Keag, Jane E Norman, Sarah J Stock
BACKGROUND: Cesarean birth rates continue to rise worldwide with recent (2016) reported rates of 24.5% in Western Europe, 32% in North America, and 41% in South America. The objective of this systematic review is to describe the long-term risks and benefits of cesarean delivery for mother, baby, and subsequent pregnancies. The primary maternal outcome was pelvic floor dysfunction, the primary baby outcome was asthma, and the primary subsequent pregnancy outcome was perinatal death. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Medline, Embase, Cochrane, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases were systematically searched for published studies in human subjects (last search 25 May 2017), supplemented by manual searches...
January 2018: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357894/embedding-weight-management-into-safety-net-pediatric-primary-care-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Judith Wylie-Rosett, Adriana E Groisman-Perelstein, Pamela M Diamantis, Camille C Jimenez, Viswanathan Shankar, Beth A Conlon, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Carmen R Isasi, Sarah N Martin, Mindy Ginsberg, Nirupa R Matthan, Alice H Lichtenstein
BACKGROUND: Implementing evidence-based recommendations for treating pediatric overweight and obesity is challenging in low-resource settings. We conducted a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effects of implementing the American Academy of Pediatrics overweight/obesity recommendations using a Standard Care approach alone or with the addition of an enhanced program in a safety-net pediatric primary care setting (located in Bronx, New York, United States). METHODS: In a 12-month trial, families of children (age 7-12 years; body mass index ≥85th American percentile for age and sex; 74% self-identified as Hispanic/Latino; n = 360) were randomly assigned to receive Standard Care Alone or Standard Care + Enhanced Program...
January 22, 2018: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339565/a-home-visiting-parenting-program-and-child-obesity-a-randomized-trial
#15
Monica Roosa Ordway, Lois S Sadler, Margaret L Holland, Arietta Slade, Nancy Close, Linda C Mayes
BACKGROUND: Young children living in historically marginalized families are at risk for becoming adolescents with obesity and subsequently adults with increased obesity-related morbidities. These risks are particularly acute for Hispanic children. We hypothesized that the prevention-focused, socioecological approach of the "Minding the Baby" (MTB) home visiting program might decrease the rate of childhood overweight and obesity early in life. METHODS: This study is a prospective longitudinal cohort study in which we include data collected during 2 phases of the MTB randomized controlled trial...
February 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325517/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-the-daily-mile-on-childhood-obesity-and-wellbeing-the-birmingham-daily-mile-protocol
#16
Katie Breheny, Peymane Adab, Sandra Passmore, James Martin, Emma Lancashire, Karla Hemming, Emma Frew
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity prevention is a public health priority. Children spend a large proportion of their waking time in school; therefore this is an appropriate setting to implement obesity prevention initiatives. Anecdotal reports suggest that implementing The Daily Mile in schools has had positive effects on childhood obesity, academic attainment and wellbeing. This trial aims to measure the effectiveness of The Daily Mile for improving health and wellbeing. METHODS: This protocol describes a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) in 40 primary schools located in Birmingham, UK...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237159/sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-weight-gain-in-children-and-adults-a-systematic-review-from-2013-to-2015-and-a-comparison-with-previous-studies
#17
Maria Luger, Max Lafontan, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Eva Winzer, Volkan Yumuk, Nathalie Farpour-Lambert
OBJECTIVE: Partly inconsistent findings from previous reviews have fueled discussions on the impact of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) on obesity development. The aim was to systematically review the recent evidence in children and adults. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane library for the period January 2013 to October 2015. A systematic review of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) relating SSBs to weight measures was conducted...
2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234414/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effect-of-lifestyle-modification-on-metabolic-control-in-overweight-children
#18
REVIEW
Angela Shin-Yu Lien, Jia-Ling Tsai, Jian-Tao Lee, Mei-Yao Wu, Yi-Der Jiang, Hung-Rong Yen
Childhood obesity is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We aimed to determine the effects of lifestyle modification programs on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels in overweight children. We queried six relevant electronic databases and manually searched for studies published before December 2016. Overweight/obese children who underwent a lifestyle modification for more than 6 months were included. A total of 3923 children from eight randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Compared with the control group, the lifestyle modification group had significantly lower FPG levels by 1...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232526/prevention-of-childhood-obesity-in-child-health-services-follow-up-of-the-primrose-trial
#19
Johanna Enö Persson, Benjamin Bohman, Per Tynelius, Finn Rasmussen, Ata Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is an urgent public health concern, and there's a need for long-term, high-quality, primary prevention trials targeting parents of young children. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the long-term effect of a parental support program based on motivational interviewing (MI). METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial was carried out in eight Swedish counties. Participating families (N = 1355) were enrolled when the child was 9 months old, and participated in nine sessions during ∼39 months...
February 2018: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225899/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-for-child-and-parent-weight-management-children-and-parents-randomized-to-the-intervention-group-have-correlated-changes-in-adiposity
#20
Diane C Berry, Robert G McMurray, Todd A Schwartz, Emily G Hall, Madeline N Neal, Reuben Adatorwover
Background: Studies have suggested that obesity is linked within families and that successful interventions involve both the parent and child with obesity. However little information exists regarding similarities in adiposity and weight loss between the parent and child, especially in low socio-economic ethnically diverse households. Methods: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between the changes from baseline over time in adiposity, weight, health behaviors, and self-efficacy in children ( n  = 184) and parents ( n  = 184) participating in an 18-month weight loss program...
2017: BMC Obesity
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