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Obesity children rct

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141692/the-marketing-plan-and-outcome-indicators-for-recruiting-and-retaining-parents-in-the-homestyles-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Colleen Delaney, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Mallory Koenings, Virginia Quick
BACKGROUND: Despite the critical importance of successful recruitment and retention to study integrity, reporting of recruitment and retention strategies along with factors associated with successful recruitment and retention of participants in health-related interventions remain rare, especially for health and obesity prevention programs. Thus, the purpose of this article is to retrospectively examine the recruitment and retention marketing plan used in the online HomeStyles randomized controlled trial (RCT) and discuss outcomes associated with completion of the intervention...
November 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141651/the-dose-of-behavioral-interventions-to-prevent-and-treat-childhood-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression
#2
REVIEW
William J Heerman, Meghan M JaKa, Jerica M Berge, Erika S Trapl, Evan C Sommer, Lauren R Samuels, Natalie Jackson, Jacob L Haapala, Alicia S Kunin-Batson, Barbara A Olson-Bullis, Heather K Hardin, Nancy E Sherwood, Shari L Barkin
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the optimal "dose" of behavioral interventions to affect change in weight-related outcomes is a critical topic for childhood obesity intervention research. The objective of this review was to quantify the relationship between dose and outcome in behavioral trials targeting childhood obesity to guide future intervention development. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-regression included randomized controlled trials published between 1990 and June 2017 that tested a behavioral intervention for obesity among children 2-18 years old...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127208/effectiveness-of-a-kindergarten-based-intervention-for-preventing-childhood-obesity
#3
Yan Hu, Jian-Rong He, Fang-Hua Liu, Wei-Dong Li, Jin-Hua Lu, Yan-Fei Xing, Sui-Fang Lin, Xian Liu, Suzanne Bartington, Qiong Feng, Hui-Min Xia, Kin Bong Hubert Lam, Kar Keung Cheng, Xiu Qiu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Interventions to prevent childhood obesity targeting school age children have mostly reported limited effectiveness, suggesting such prevention programs may need to start at an earlier age, but evidence has been scarce. We reported a pilot study aiming to demonstrate the feasibility of a multifaceted intervention for preschool children and to provide a preliminary assessment of the effectiveness. METHODS: This nonrandomized controlled trial recruited children aged 3 to 6 years from 6 kindergartens in Guangzhou, China...
November 10, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119719/a-mhealth-randomized-controlled-trial-to-reduce-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-in-preschool-aged-children
#4
B T Nezami, D S Ward, L A Lytle, S T Ennett, D F Tate
BACKGROUND: Sugar-sweetened beverages and maternal weight are strong drivers of child obesity, but few studies have targeted these risk factors as an obesity prevention strategy in children. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the efficacy of a smartphone-delivered intervention to reduce parent-provided sugar-sweetened beverage and juice (SSB/juice) consumption among children ages 3-5 and maternal weight. METHODS: Mothers with overweight or obesity, who had a child ages 3-5 that consumed at least 12 fl...
November 8, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112721/tailored-communications-for-obesity-prevention-in-pediatric-primary-care-a-feasibility-study
#5
Julie A Wright, Jessica A Whiteley, Bonnie L Watson, Sherri N Sheinfeld Gorin, Laura L Hayman
Recommendations for the prevention of childhood obesity encourage providers to counsel parents and their children on healthy diet and activity behaviors. This study evaluated the feasibility of a theory-based, tailored communication intervention for obesity prevention (Team Up for Health) delivered during a well-child visit. A two-armed randomized controlled trial was used. Parents of children aged 4-10 years were recruited from a list of patients due for a well-child visit at a pediatric primary care clinic...
November 2, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093041/screen-media-exposure-and-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#6
REVIEW
Thomas N Robinson, Jorge A Banda, Lauren Hale, Amy Shirong Lu, Frances Fleming-Milici, Sandra L Calvert, Ellen Wartella
Obesity is one of the best-documented outcomes of screen media exposure. Many observational studies find relationships between screen media exposure and increased risks of obesity. Randomized controlled trials of reducing screen time in community settings have reduced weight gain in children, demonstrating a cause and effect relationship. Current evidence suggests that screen media exposure leads to obesity in children and adolescents through increased eating while viewing; exposure to high-calorie, low-nutrient food and beverage marketing that influences children's preferences, purchase requests, consumption habits; and reduced sleep duration...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089408/pastor-villaescusa-b-ca%C3%A3-ete-md-villarraso-caballero-j-et-al-metformin-for-obesity-in-prepubertal-and-pubertal-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial-pediatrics-2017-140-1-e20164285
#7
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079392/promoting-healthy-home-environments-and-lifestyles-in-families-with-preschool-children-homestyles-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#8
Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Gayle Alleman Povis, John Worobey, Nobuko Hongu, Virginia Quick
The purpose of the HomeStyles randomized controlled trial was to determine the effect of participation in the HomeStyles intervention vs an attention control condition on the weight-related aspects of the home environment and lifestyle behavioral practices of families with preschool children. Parents of preschool children (n=489) were systematically randomized to experimental or attention control group after completing the baseline survey. Baseline and post surveys comprehensively assessed study outcomes using a socio-ecological approach incorporating valid, reliable intrapersonal (e...
October 24, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29071100/effectiveness-of-educational-and-lifestyle-interventions-to-prevent-paediatric-obesity-systematic-review-and-meta-analyses-of-randomized-and-non-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
D Gori, F Guaraldi, S Cinocca, G Moser, P Rucci, M P Fantini
OBJECTIVE: This review and meta-analysis aim at updating a previous meta-analysis carried out by Waters et al. on the efficacy of interventions aimed at preventing childhood obesity and at identifying predictors of outcome. METHODS: Using an ad-hoc search string, PubMed database was searched for studies assessing body mass index reduction associated with programmes lasting ≥12 weeks in overweight and obese children aged 2-18 years. Studies designed for children with eating disorders or relevant comorbidities were excluded...
September 2017: Obesity Science & Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067819/an-interactive-web-based-intervention-to-achieve-healthy-weight-in-young-children
#10
Ellen R Wald, Linda J Ewing, Stacey C L Moyer, Jens C Eickhoff
This prospective, randomized, controlled trial for parents of overweight and obese 3- to 7-year-olds was performed to assess the feasibility of a program promoting healthy eating and lifestyle by targeting parents as agents of change. The intervention was composed of 6-in-person group sessions and a customized website over 12 months. The control group received customary care. The primary outcome was feasibility of the intervention to promote healthy behavior change measured by attendance. The secondary outcome was effectiveness assessed by attaining reduced body mass index (BMI) z scores, healthy behavior changes and increased parent self-efficacy...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049868/a-novel-home-based-intervention-for-child-and-adolescent-obesity-the-results-of-the-wh%C3%A4-nau-pakari-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Yvonne C Anderson, Lisa E Wynter, Cameron C Grant, Tami L Cave, José G B Derraik, Wayne S Cutfield, Paul L Hofman
OBJECTIVE: To report 12-month outcomes from a multidisciplinary child obesity intervention program, targeting high-risk groups. METHODS: In this unblinded randomized controlled trial, participants (recruited January 2012-August 2014) were aged 5 to 16 years, resided in Taranaki, Aotearoa/New Zealand, and had BMI ≥ 98th percentile or BMI > 91st percentile with weight-related comorbidities. Randomization was by minimization (age and ethnicity), with participants assigned to an intense intervention group (home-based assessments at 6-month intervals and a 12-month multidisciplinary program with weekly group sessions) or to a minimal-intensity control group with home-based assessments and advice at each 6-month follow-up...
October 19, 2017: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031582/validation-of-a-shortened-version-of-the-children-s-eating-behavior-questionnaire-and-associations-with-bmi-in-a-clinical-sample-of-latino-children
#12
Alma I Behar, Noe C Crespo, Melawhy L Garcia, Guadalupe X Ayala, Nadia Campbell, Lisa M Shadron, John P Elder
OBJECTIVE: To examine the validity of the Children's Eating Behavior Questionnaire (CEBQ) through the associations of its 3 subscale scores (food responsiveness, slowness in eating, and satiety responsiveness) with body mass index (BMI). DESIGN: Cross-sectional study of baseline data from a clinic-based obesity prevention and control randomized controlled trial. PARTICIPANTS: Latino pediatric patients (n = 295) aged 5-11 years from a federally qualified health center in San Diego County, CA, with BMI percentiles ranging from 75...
October 11, 2017: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019418/texting-motivational-interviewing-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-motivational-interviewing-text-messages-designed-to-augment-childhood-obesity-treatment
#13
Sarah Armstrong, Alan Mendelsohn, Gary Bennett, Elsie Taveras, Amanda Kimberg, Alex R Kemper
BACKGROUND: Text messages improve health outcomes for adults engaged in weight management. Little is known about whether text messaging parents of children enrolled in obesity treatment will improve child health. METHODS: We conducted a 2-group randomized controlled study among 101 children aged 5-12 and their parent/guardian enrolling in tertiary-care obesity treatment. Participants were randomized to standard care or standard care plus daily motivational interviewing-based text messages...
October 11, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992513/evaluation-of-second-step-child-protection-videos-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
Amanda B Nickerson, Jennifer A Livingston, Kimberly Kamper-DeMarco
This randomized controlled trial (RCT) examined the effects of the Second Step Child Protection Unit videos on parents' knowledge, motivation, and self-reported communication with their child about personal safety and childhood sexual abuse prevention. Parents of children between the ages of 3-11 years were randomly assigned to the intervention (watching the Second Step videos) or the control (watching videos on child obesity) groups. They completed measures assessing their knowledge of child sexual abuse (CSA), motivation to discuss CSA, self-reported discussions of CSA, child history of victimization, parent exposure to CSA, and comparable measures on topics of health and nutrition at pre-test...
October 6, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988240/economic-evaluation-of-intensive-inpatient-treatments-for-severely-obese-children-and-adolescents
#15
Sabine Makkes, Johanna M van Dongen, Carry M Renders, Olga H van der Baan-Slootweg, Jacob C Seidell, Judith E Bosmans
BACKGROUND: Considering the large economic consequences of severe childhood obesity for the society, we aimed to conduct an economic evaluation comparing two intensive 1-year lifestyle treatments with varying inpatient periods for severely obese children and adolescents with regard to standard deviation score BMI (SDS-BMI) and quality-adjusted life years (QALYs). METHODS: An economic evaluation from a societal perspective accompanying a randomized controlled trial with a 24-month follow-up...
October 7, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981460/the-impact-of-a-school-based-weight-management-program-involving-parents-via-mhealth-for-overweight-and-obese-children-and-adolescents-with-intellectual-disability-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Regina Lai-Tong Lee, Cynthia Leung, Hong Chen, Lobo H T Louie, Michael Brown, Jyu-Lin Chen, Gordon Cheung, Paul H Lee
There is a scarcity of resources and studies that utilize targeted weight management interventions to engage parents via mHealth tools targeting obese children and adolescents with mild intellectual disabilities (MIDs) extended from school to a home setting. To test the feasibility and acceptability of a school-based weight program (SBWMP) involving parents via mHealth tools designed to reduce weight, enhance knowledge and adopt healthy lifestyles, and thereby achieve better psychosocial well-being among children and adolescents with MIDs...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28954544/two-year-outcomes-of-the-enabling-mothers-to-prevent-pediatric-obesity-through-web-based-education-and-reciprocal-determinism-empower-randomized-control-trial
#17
Adam P Knowlden, Eric Conrad
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight and obesity is a public health epidemic with far-reaching medical, economic, and quality of life consequences. Brief, web-based interventions have received increased attention for their potential to combat childhood obesity. The purpose of our study was to evaluate a web-based, maternal-facilitated childhood obesity prevention intervention dubbed Enabling Mothers to Prevent Pediatric Obesity Through Web-Based Education and Reciprocal Determinism (EMPOWER), for its capacity to elicit sustained effects at the 2-year postintervention follow-up mark...
September 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28931384/early-food-for-future-health-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effect-of-an-ehealth-intervention-aiming-to-promote-healthy-food-habits-from-early-childhood
#18
Christine Helle, Elisabet Rudjord Hillesund, Mona Linge Omholt, Nina Cecilie Øverby
BACKGROUND: Childhood overweight and obesity is a global public health challenge. Primary prevention initiatives targeting parents have been called for to encourage a positive feeding environment and healthy eating habits that may lay a good foundation for future health. At the same time, there is a need for interventions which combine accessibility and scalability with cost effectiveness. Today's parents are extensive Internet-users, but only a few randomized controlled trials have investigated the use of Internet to promote healthy eating habits in early childhood...
September 20, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917242/comprehensive-school-based-intervention-to-control-overweight-and-obesity-in-china-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Haiquan Xu, Yanping Li, Qian Zhang, Xiaoqi L Hu, Ailing Liu, Songming Du, Tingyu Li, Hongwei Guo, Ying Li, Guifa Xu, Weijia Liu, Jun Ma, Guansheng Ma
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: With prevalence of childhood obesity increasing rapidly, developing of effective and sustainable intervention strategies is becoming more and more important for the prevention of childhood obesity in China. A trial was developed to evaluate the effect of comprehensive school-based intervention on childhood obesity. METHODS AND STUDY DESIGN: A multi-center cluster randomized controlled trial was conducted among urban children (n=9,867) aged 6-13 years in 38 primary schools from six large cities...
2017: Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887030/association-of-picky-eating-with-weight-status-and-dietary-quality-among-low-income-preschoolers
#20
Callie L Brown, Eliana M Perrin, Karen E Peterson, Holly E Brophy Herb, Mildred A Horodynski, Dawn Contreras, Alison L Miller, Danielle P Appugliese, Sarah C Ball, Julie C Lumeng
BACKGROUND: Picky eating is common in children. Few studies have examined predictors of picky eating, and the association of picky eating with weight status and dietary quality is inconsistent in prior literature. We aimed to identify predictors of picky eating and to test the association of picky eating with child body mass index z-score (BMIz), dietary quality, and micronutrient intake. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial to prevent obesity among 506 preschoolers attending Head Start...
September 5, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
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