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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29339565/a-home-visiting-parenting-program-and-child-obesity-a-randomized-trial
#1
Monica Roosa Ordway, Lois S Sadler, Margaret L Holland, Arietta Slade, Nancy Close, Linda C Mayes
BACKGROUND: Young children living in historically marginalized families are at risk for becoming adolescents with obesity and subsequently adults with increased obesity-related morbidities. These risks are particularly acute for Hispanic children. We hypothesized that the prevention-focused, socioecological approach of the "Minding the Baby" (MTB) home visiting program might decrease the rate of childhood overweight and obesity early in life. METHODS: This study is a prospective longitudinal cohort study in which we include data collected during 2 phases of the MTB randomized controlled trial...
January 16, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29325517/a-cluster-randomised-controlled-trial-evaluating-the-effectiveness-and-cost-effectiveness-of-the-daily-mile-on-childhood-obesity-and-wellbeing-the-birmingham-daily-mile-protocol
#2
Katie Breheny, Peymane Adab, Sandra Passmore, James Martin, Emma Lancashire, Karla Hemming, Emma Frew
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity prevention is a public health priority. Children spend a large proportion of their waking time in school; therefore this is an appropriate setting to implement obesity prevention initiatives. Anecdotal reports suggest that implementing The Daily Mile in schools has had positive effects on childhood obesity, academic attainment and wellbeing. This trial aims to measure the effectiveness of The Daily Mile for improving health and wellbeing. METHODS: This protocol describes a cluster randomised controlled trial (RCT) in 40 primary schools located in Birmingham, UK...
January 11, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29237159/sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-weight-gain-in-children-and-adults-a-systematic-review-from-2013-to-2015-and-a-comparison-with-previous-studies
#3
Maria Luger, Max Lafontan, Maira Bes-Rastrollo, Eva Winzer, Volkan Yumuk, Nathalie Farpour-Lambert
OBJECTIVE: Partly inconsistent findings from previous reviews have fueled discussions on the impact of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) on obesity development. The aim was to systematically review the recent evidence in children and adults. METHODS: Data were retrieved from the databases MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane library for the period January 2013 to October 2015. A systematic review of prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials (RCTs) relating SSBs to weight measures was conducted...
December 14, 2017: Obesity Facts
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29234414/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-the-effect-of-lifestyle-modification-on-metabolic-control-in-overweight-children
#4
REVIEW
Angela Shin-Yu Lien, Jia-Ling Tsai, Jian-Tao Lee, Mei-Yao Wu, Yi-Der Jiang, Hung-Rong Yen
Childhood obesity is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus. We aimed to determine the effects of lifestyle modification programs on fasting plasma glucose (FPG) levels in overweight children. We queried six relevant electronic databases and manually searched for studies published before December 2016. Overweight/obese children who underwent a lifestyle modification for more than 6 months were included. A total of 3923 children from eight randomized controlled trials (RCTs) were included. Compared with the control group, the lifestyle modification group had significantly lower FPG levels by 1...
2017: Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: ECAM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232526/prevention-of-childhood-obesity-in-child-health-services-follow-up-of-the-primrose-trial
#5
Johanna Enö Persson, Benjamin Bohman, Per Tynelius, Finn Rasmussen, Ata Ghaderi
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is an urgent public health concern, and there's a need for long-term, high-quality, primary prevention trials targeting parents of young children. The aim of the current study was to evaluate the long-term effect of a parental support program based on motivational interviewing (MI). METHODS: A cluster randomized controlled trial was carried out in eight Swedish counties. Participating families (N = 1355) were enrolled when the child was 9 months old, and participated in nine sessions during ∼39 months...
December 12, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225899/a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial-for-child-and-parent-weight-management-children-and-parents-randomized-to-the-intervention-group-have-correlated-changes-in-adiposity
#6
Diane C Berry, Robert G McMurray, Todd A Schwartz, Emily G Hall, Madeline N Neal, Reuben Adatorwover
Background: Studies have suggested that obesity is linked within families and that successful interventions involve both the parent and child with obesity. However little information exists regarding similarities in adiposity and weight loss between the parent and child, especially in low socio-economic ethnically diverse households. Methods: The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between the changes from baseline over time in adiposity, weight, health behaviors, and self-efficacy in children (n = 184) and parents (n = 184) participating in an 18-month weight loss program...
2017: BMC Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29224793/validity-of-the-toddler-feeding-questionnaire-for-measuring-parent-authoritative-and-indulgent-feeding-practices-which-are-associated-with-stress-and-health-literacy-among-latino-parents-of-preschool-children
#7
William J Heerman, Julie Lounds-Taylor, Stephanie Mitchell, Shari L Barkin
Understanding the contribution of parental feeding practices to childhood obesity among Latino children is a solution-oriented approach that can lead to interventions supporting healthy childhood growth and lowering rates of obesity. The purpose of this study was to confirm the reliability and validity of the Toddler Feeding Questionnaire (TFQ) to measure parental feeding practices among a sample of Spanish-speaking parent-preschool child pairs (n = 529), and to test the hypothesis that parent characteristics of body mass index (BMI), stress, and health literacy are associated with more indulgent and less authoritative feeding practices...
November 3, 2017: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192008/pastor-villaescusa-b-ca%C3%A3-ete-md-caballero-villarraso-j-et-al-metformin-for-obesity-in-prepubertal-and-pubertal-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial-pediatrics-2017-140-1-e20164285
#8
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185787/impact-of-game-based-health-promotion-programs-on-body-mass-index-in-overweight-obese-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-randomized-controlled-trials
#9
Ahmad Ameryoun, Hormoz Sanaeinasab, Mohsen Saffari, Harold G Koenig
BACKGROUND: Sedentary lifestyle is growing among children and adolescents that may contribute to problems such as overweight and obesity. Consequently, interventions to improve weight loss in this population are necessary. The aim of this current review was to evaluate the effectiveness of game-based interventions to reduce body mass index (BMI) among children who were overweight or obese. METHODS: All randomized controlled trials with a game-based approach for lowering weight in obese/overweight youths aged 5-18 years old were identified from January 2005 to June 2017 across PubMed, Web of Science, Embase, Scopus, and ScienceDirect...
November 29, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185627/strategies-for-enhancing-the-implementation-of-school-based-policies-or-practices-targeting-risk-factors-for-chronic-disease
#10
REVIEW
Luke Wolfenden, Nicole K Nathan, Rachel Sutherland, Sze Lin Yoong, Rebecca K Hodder, Rebecca J Wyse, Tessa Delaney, Alice Grady, Alison Fielding, Flora Tzelepis, Tara Clinton-McHarg, Benjamin Parmenter, Peter Butler, John Wiggers, Adrian Bauman, Andrew Milat, Debbie Booth, Christopher M Williams
BACKGROUND: A number of school-based policies or practices have been found to be effective in improving child diet and physical activity, and preventing excessive weight gain, tobacco or harmful alcohol use. Schools, however, frequently fail to implement such evidence-based interventions. OBJECTIVES: The primary aims of the review are to examine the effectiveness of strategies aiming to improve the implementation of school-based policies, programs or practices to address child diet, physical activity, obesity, tobacco or alcohol use...
November 29, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29170543/long-term-effects-of-adolescent-obesity-time-to-act
#11
REVIEW
Thomas Reinehr
Obesity in adolescence will probably have major implications not only for the affected adolescents but also for society. Those who have obesity during adolescence usually have obesity into adulthood, which causes many medical and psychological issues that can result in premature death. Furthermore, obesity in adolescents is associated with a range of social problems, including difficulties securing an apprenticeship or a job or finding a partner. Adolescents with obesity are also at increased risk of having children with obesity later in life...
November 24, 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150147/clinic-and-home-based-behavioral-intervention-for-obesity-in-preschoolers-a-randomized-trial
#12
Lori J Stark, Stephanie Spear Filigno, Christopher Bolling, Megan B Ratcliff, Jessica C Kichler, Shannon M Robson, Stacey L Simon, Mary Beth McCullough, Lisa M Clifford, Cathleen Odar Stough, Cynthia Zion, Richard F Ittenbach
OBJECTIVE: To test the hypotheses that an innovative skills-based behavioral family clinic and home-based intervention (LAUNCH) would reduce body mass index z score (BMIz) compared with motivational interviewing and to standard care in preschool-aged children with obesity. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial with children between the ages of 2 and 5 years above the 95(th) percentile for body mass index for age and sex recruited from 27 pediatrician offices across 10 recruitment cycles between March 12, 2012 and June 8, 2015...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141692/the-marketing-plan-and-outcome-indicators-for-recruiting-and-retaining-parents-in-the-homestyles-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Colleen Delaney, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Mallory Koenings, Virginia Quick
BACKGROUND: Despite the critical importance of successful recruitment and retention to study integrity, reporting of recruitment and retention strategies along with factors associated with successful recruitment and retention of participants in health-related interventions remain rare, especially for health and obesity prevention programs. Thus, the purpose of this article is to retrospectively examine the recruitment and retention marketing plan used in the online HomeStyles randomized controlled trial (RCT) and discuss outcomes associated with completion of the intervention...
November 15, 2017: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141651/the-dose-of-behavioral-interventions-to-prevent-and-treat-childhood-obesity-a-systematic-review-and-meta-regression
#14
REVIEW
William J Heerman, Meghan M JaKa, Jerica M Berge, Erika S Trapl, Evan C Sommer, Lauren R Samuels, Natalie Jackson, Jacob L Haapala, Alicia S Kunin-Batson, Barbara A Olson-Bullis, Heather K Hardin, Nancy E Sherwood, Shari L Barkin
BACKGROUND: A better understanding of the optimal "dose" of behavioral interventions to affect change in weight-related outcomes is a critical topic for childhood obesity intervention research. The objective of this review was to quantify the relationship between dose and outcome in behavioral trials targeting childhood obesity to guide future intervention development. METHODS: A systematic review and meta-regression included randomized controlled trials published between 1990 and June 2017 that tested a behavioral intervention for obesity among children 2-18 years old...
November 15, 2017: International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127208/effectiveness-of-a-kindergarten-based-intervention-for-preventing-childhood-obesity
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Yan Hu, Jian-Rong He, Fang-Hua Liu, Wei-Dong Li, Jin-Hua Lu, Yan-Fei Xing, Sui-Fang Lin, Xian Liu, Suzanne Bartington, Qiong Feng, Hui-Min Xia, Kin Bong Hubert Lam, Kar Keung Cheng, Xiu Qiu
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Interventions to prevent childhood obesity targeting school age children have mostly reported limited effectiveness, suggesting such prevention programs may need to start at an earlier age, but evidence has been scarce. We reported a pilot study aiming to demonstrate the feasibility of a multifaceted intervention for preschool children and to provide a preliminary assessment of the effectiveness. METHODS: This nonrandomized controlled trial recruited children aged 3 to 6 years from 6 kindergartens in Guangzhou, China...
December 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119719/a-mhealth-randomized-controlled-trial-to-reduce-sugar-sweetened-beverage-intake-in-preschool-aged-children
#16
B T Nezami, D S Ward, L A Lytle, S T Ennett, D F Tate
BACKGROUND: Sugar-sweetened beverages and maternal weight are strong drivers of child obesity, but few studies have targeted these risk factors as an obesity prevention strategy in children. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to test the efficacy of a smartphone-delivered intervention to reduce parent-provided sugar-sweetened beverage and juice (SSB/juice) consumption among children ages 3-5 and maternal weight. METHODS: Mothers with overweight or obesity, who had a child ages 3-5 that consumed at least 12 fl...
November 8, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112721/tailored-communications-for-obesity-prevention-in-pediatric-primary-care-a-feasibility-study
#17
Julie A Wright, Jessica A Whiteley, Bonnie L Watson, Sherri N Sheinfeld Gorin, Laura L Hayman
Recommendations for the prevention of childhood obesity encourage providers to counsel parents and their children on healthy diet and activity behaviors. This study evaluated the feasibility of a theory-based, tailored communication intervention for obesity prevention (Team Up for Health) delivered during a well-child visit. A two-armed randomized controlled trial was used. Parents of children aged 4-10 years were recruited from a list of patients due for a well-child visit at a pediatric primary care clinic...
November 2, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29093041/screen-media-exposure-and-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents
#18
REVIEW
Thomas N Robinson, Jorge A Banda, Lauren Hale, Amy Shirong Lu, Frances Fleming-Milici, Sandra L Calvert, Ellen Wartella
Obesity is one of the best-documented outcomes of screen media exposure. Many observational studies find relationships between screen media exposure and increased risks of obesity. Randomized controlled trials of reducing screen time in community settings have reduced weight gain in children, demonstrating a cause and effect relationship. Current evidence suggests that screen media exposure leads to obesity in children and adolescents through increased eating while viewing; exposure to high-calorie, low-nutrient food and beverage marketing that influences children's preferences, purchase requests, consumption habits; and reduced sleep duration...
November 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29089408/pastor-villaescusa-b-ca%C3%A3-ete-md-villarraso-caballero-j-et-al-metformin-for-obesity-in-prepubertal-and-pubertal-children-a-randomized-controlled-trial-pediatrics-2017-140-1-e20164285
#19
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079392/promoting-healthy-home-environments-and-lifestyles-in-families-with-preschool-children-homestyles-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Gayle Alleman Povis, John Worobey, Nobuko Hongu, Virginia Quick
The purpose of the HomeStyles randomized controlled trial was to determine the effect of participation in the HomeStyles intervention vs an attention control condition on the weight-related aspects of the home environment and lifestyle behavioral practices of families with preschool children. Parents of preschool children (n=489) were systematically randomized to experimental or attention control group after completing the baseline survey. Baseline and post surveys comprehensively assessed study outcomes using a socio-ecological approach incorporating valid, reliable intrapersonal (e...
October 24, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
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