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Obesity children rct

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728887/effectiveness-of-exercise-intervention-on-improving-fundamental-movement-skills-and-motor-coordination-in-overweight-obese-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review
#1
REVIEW
Ahreum Han, Allan Fu, Stephen Cobley, Ross H Sanders
OBJECTIVES: Childhood obesity is negatively associated with fundamental movement skill and motor coordination, which in turn constrains physical activity participation and adherence thereby forming a 'vicious cycle'. However, developing motor skill and coordination in childhood could help to break the vicious cycle to reduce childhood obesity. The objective of this systematic review was to determine the effectiveness of exercise and physical activity interventions on improving fundamental movement skill and motor coordination in overweight/obese children and adolescents...
July 8, 2017: Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685168/recruitment-challenges-and-enrollment-observations-from-a-community-based-intervention-mothers-in-motion-for-low-income-overweight-and-obese-women
#2
Mei-Wei Chang, Susan Nitzke, Roger Brown, M Jean Brancheau Egan, Christopher M Bendekgey, Diana Buist
BACKGROUND: Mothers In Motion (MIM), a randomized controlled trial, aimed to help young, low-income overweight and obese mothers prevent weight gain by promoting stress management, healthy eating, and physical activity. This paper describes MIM recruitment challenges and reports demographic characteristics affecting enrollment. METHODS: Participants who were African American or Non-Hispanic White were recruited from the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) in Michigan...
March 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28682745/a-community-resource-map-to-support-clinical-community-linkages-in-a-randomized-controlled-trial-of-childhood-obesity-eastern-massachusetts-2014-2016
#3
Lauren Fiechtner, Gabriella C Puente, Mona Sharifi, Jason P Block, Sarah Price, Richard Marshall, Jeff Blossom, Monica W Gerber, Elsie M Taveras
BACKGROUND: Novel approaches to health care delivery that leverage community resources could improve outcomes for children at high risk for obesity. COMMUNITY CONTEXT: We describe the process by which we created an online interactive community resources map for use in the Connect for Health randomized controlled trial. The trial was conducted in the 6 pediatric practices that cared for the highest percentage of children with overweight or obesity within a large multi-specialty group practice in eastern Massachusetts...
July 6, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679435/associations-between-the-physical-activity-levels-of-fathers-and-their-children-at-20%C3%A2-months-3-5-and-five-years-of-age
#4
Adam D Walsh, David Crawford, Adrian J Cameron, Karen J Campbell, Kylie D Hesketh
BACKGROUND: Early childhood (under five years of age) is a critical developmental period when children's physical activity behaviours are shaped and when physical activity patterns begin to emerge. Physical activity levels track from early childhood through to adolescence with low levels of physical activity associated with poorer health. The aims of this study were to examine cross-sectional and longitudinal associations between the physical activity levels of fathers and their children at the ages of 20 months, 3...
July 5, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651555/prevalence-of-high-blood-pressure-subtypes-and-its-associations-with-bmi-in-chinese-children-a-national-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Yide Yang, Bin Dong, Shuo Wang, Yanhui Dong, Zhiyong Zou, Lianguo Fu, Jun Ma
BACKGROUND: Data on prevalence and characteristics of different high blood pressure subtypes are lacking among Chinese children. Regarding the mechanistic differences between isolated systolic high blood pressure and isolated diastolic high blood pressure and their different impact on end organ diseases, it is necessary to examine the prevalence of different high blood pressure subtypes in Chinese children and explore their associations with adiposity. METHODS: Data were derived from the baseline data of a multi-centered cluster randomized controlled trial involving participants from China...
June 26, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622956/obesity-visceral-adipose-tissue-and-cognitive-function-in-childhood
#6
Lauren B Raine, Naiman A Khan, Eric S Drollette, Matthew B Pontifex, Arthur F Kramer, Charles H Hillman
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effects of a 9-month physical activity intervention on changes in adiposity and cognitive control based on pretrial weight status (ie, healthy weight vs obese) in children. STUDY DESIGN: Participants included obese (n = 77) and matched healthy-weight (n = 77) preadolescents (8-9 years) who participated in a 9-month physical activity randomized controlled trial. Cognitive function was assessed with an inhibitory control task (modified flanker task)...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614826/under-what-conditions-do-water-intervention-studies-significantly-improve-child-body-weight
#7
Jodi D Stookey
There are particular conditions that may optimize the effects of drinking-water interventions on body weight change and risk of obesity. Strategic planning to create and sustain conditions for optimal effects of drinking water may maximize the impact of school-based interventions to reduce childhood obesity. This paper proposes questions about the target population, type of diet and activity level that will be maintained during the intervention, and planned intervention message(s). The proposed questions are motivated by conditions associated with significant effects of drinking water in randomized controlled trials...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600160/family-based-obesity-prevention-for-infants-design-of-the-mothers-others-randomized-trial
#8
Heather M Wasser, Amanda L Thompson, Chirayath M Suchindran, Eric A Hodges, Barbara D Goldman, Eliana M Perrin, Myles S Faith, Cynthia M Bulik, M Jane Heinig, Margaret E Bentley
OBJECTIVE: Our goal is to test the efficacy of a family-based, multi-component intervention focused on infants of African-American (AA) mothers and families, a minority population at elevated risk for pediatric obesity, versus a child safety attention-control group to promote healthy weight gain patterns during the first two years of life. DESIGN, PARTICIPANTS, AND METHODS: The design is a two-group randomized controlled trial among 468 AA pregnant women in central North Carolina...
June 21, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599644/parent-engagement-and-attendance-in-peach%C3%A2-qld-an-up-scaled-parent-led-childhood-obesity-program
#9
Susan L Williams, Wendy Van Lippevelde, Anthea Magarey, Carly J Moores, Debbie Croyden, Emma Esdaile, Lynne Daniels
BACKGROUND: Parenting, Eating and Activity for Child Health (PEACH™) is a multicomponent treatment program delivered over ten group sessions to parents of overweight/obese primary school-aged children. It has been shown to be efficacious in an RCT and was recently translated to a large-scale community intervention funded by the Queensland (Australia) Government. Engagement (enrolment and attendance) was critical to achieving program outcomes and was challenging. The purpose of the present study was to examine sample characteristics and mediating factors that potentially influenced program attendance...
June 9, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596023/prebiotic-reduces-body-fat-and-alters-intestinal-microbiota-in-children-with-overweight-or-obesity
#10
Alissa C Nicolucci, Megan P Hume, Inés Martínez, Shyamchand Mayengbam, Jens Walter, Raylene A Reimer
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It might be possible to manipulate the intestinal microbiota with prebiotics or other agents to prevent or treat obesity. However, little is known about the ability of prebiotics to specifically modify gut microbiota in children with overweight/obesity or reduce body weight. We performed a randomized controlled trial to study the effects of prebiotics on body composition, markers of inflammation, bile acids in fecal samples, and composition of the intestinal microbiota in children with overweight or obesity...
June 3, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578900/family-home-food-environment-and-nutrition-related-parent-and-child-personal-and-behavioral-outcomes-of-the-healthy-home-offerings-via-the-mealtime-environment-home-plus-program-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Jayne A Fulkerson, Sarah Friend, Melissa Horning, Colleen Flattum, Michelle Draxten, Dianne Neumark-Sztainer, Olga Gurvich, Ann Garwick, Mary Story, Martha Y Kubik
BACKGROUND: Research has demonstrated a significant positive association between frequent family meals and children's dietary intake; however, the promotion of healthful family meals has not been rigorously tested for key food environment and nutrition-related behavioral outcomes in a randomized trial. OBJECTIVE: To describe family home food environment and nutrition-related parent and child personal and behavioral outcomes of the Healthy Home Offerings via the Mealtime Environment Plus program, the first rigorously tested family meals intervention targeting childhood obesity prevention...
June 1, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557722/improving-self-regulation-for-obesity-prevention-in-head-start-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#12
Julie C Lumeng, Alison L Miller, Mildred A Horodynski, Holly E Brophy-Herb, Dawn Contreras, Hannah Lee, Julie Sturza, Niko Kaciroti, Karen E Peterson
OBJECTIVES: To determine the effect of an intervention to improve emotional and behavioral self-regulation in combination with an obesity-prevention program on the prevalence of obesity and obesity-related behaviors in preschoolers. METHODS: This was a cluster-randomized intervention trial in Head Start (HS) classrooms conducted in each of 4 academic years from 2011 to 2015. Participants (697 children; 49% boys; mean age: 4.1 ± 0.5 years; 48% white, 30% African American, 12% Hispanic) were randomly assigned by classroom to 1 of 3 intervention arms: (1) HS + Preschool Obesity Prevention Series (POPS) + Incredible Years Series (IYS) (HS enhanced by the POPS [program targeting evidence-based obesity-prevention behaviors] and the IYS [program to improve children's self-regulation]), (2) HS+POPS, or (3) HS...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526669/development-of-an-evidence-informed-blog-to-promote-healthy-eating-among-mothers-use-of-the-intervention-mapping-protocol
#13
Audrée-Anne Dumas, Simone Lemieux, Annie Lapointe, Véronique Provencher, Julie Robitaille, Sophie Desroches
BACKGROUND: Low adherence to dietary guidelines and a concurrent rise of obesity-related chronic diseases emphasize the need for effective interventions to promote healthy eating. There is growing recognition that behavior change interventions should draw on theories of behavior change. Online interventions grounded in theory lead to increased effectiveness for health behavior change; however, few theory-driven social media-based health promotion interventions have been described in the literature...
May 19, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511584/a-pilot-intervention-designed-to-address-behavioral-factors-that-place-overweight-obese-young-children-at-risk-for-later-life-obesity
#14
Leigh Small, Leroy Thacker, Heather Aldrich, Darya Bonds-McClain, Bernadette Melnyk
The purpose of this pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) was to intervene with parents of overweight/obese 4- to 8-year-old children to improve child internalizing and externalizing behaviors. Parent-child dyads ( N = 60) were randomly assigned to treatment or comparison conditions. Parents attended four intervention sessions at their child's primary health care office over 3 months. Child behaviors were assessed at 0, 3, 6, and 12 months post intervention. Parental beliefs in their skills/abilities increased in the experimental group parents, but there was no statistical difference between groups at any time...
May 1, 2017: Western Journal of Nursing Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28511471/internet-based-obesity-prevention-program-for-thai-school-children-a-randomized-control-trial
#15
Lakkana Rerksuppaphol, Sanguansak Rerksuppaphol
INTRODUCTION: Internet based obesity prevention program is one approach in learning strategies to improve healthy behaviour. It has been advocated as one strategy to address the rising prevalence of childhood obesity; however, their efficacy is not seen consistently. AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of internet based obesity prevention program in Thai school children. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Healthy children studying in public schools in one township of central Thailand were randomly assigned to either the intervention (internet based) program or the control group...
March 2017: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508579/childhood-obesity-treatment-telephone-coaching-is-as-good-as-usual-care-in-maintaining-weight-loss-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
A Bohlin, E Hagman, S Klaesson, P Danielsson
There is a need for more flexible treatment strategies to help patients reach relevant treatment outcomes and adhere better to treatment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term efficacy, in terms of patients' weight status, of replacing usual care (UC) physical visits with more frequent but shorter telephone coaching (TC) sessions as part of a structured childhood obesity treatment. In this controlled study, patients aged 5-14 years from the Södertälje outpatient clinic, Sweden were randomized to either UC or TC over an 18-month period after participating in an initial standard obesity treatment programme...
August 2017: Clinical Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28498482/effects-of-an-antenatal-lifestyle-intervention-on-offspring-obesity-a-five-year-follow-up-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#17
Ann-Kristin Ronnberg, Ulf Hanson, Kerstin Nilsson
Strategies to limit excessive maternal gestational weight gain could also have positive health effects for the offspring. This study informs us on the effect of an antenatal lifestyle intervention on offspring body mass index (BMI) trajectory until age five MATERIAL AND METHODS: A secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial aimed at reducing gestational weight gain, set in Ørebro, Sweden.Offspring were followed with standardised measures of weight and height until age five. Mean BMI z-score and proportion (%) of over- and undernutrition (BMI z-score >+2 standard deviation) was compared between groups...
May 12, 2017: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446496/mobile-based-intervention-intended-to-stop-obesity-in-preschool-aged-children-the-ministop-randomized-controlled-trial
#18
Christine Delisle Nyström, Sven Sandin, Pontus Henriksson, Hanna Henriksson, Ylva Trolle-Lagerros, Christel Larsson, Ralph Maddison, Francisco B Ortega, Jeremy Pomeroy, Jonatan R Ruiz, Kristin Silfvernagel, Toomas Timpka, Marie Löf
Background: Traditional obesity prevention programs are time- and cost-intensive. Mobile phone technology has been successful in changing behaviors and managing weight; however, to our knowledge, its potential in young children has yet to be examined.Objective: We assessed the effectiveness of a mobile health (mHealth) obesity prevention program on body fat, dietary habits, and physical activity in healthy Swedish children aged 4.5 y.Design: From 2014 to 2015, 315 children were randomly assigned to an intervention or control group...
April 26, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442452/homestyles-a-web-based-childhood-obesity-prevention-program-for-families-with-preschool-children-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#19
Carol Byrd-Bredbenner, Jennifer Martin-Biggers, Mallory Koenings, Virginia Quick, Nobuko Hongu, John Worobey
BACKGROUND: The home environment is where young children spend most of their time, and is critically important to supporting behaviors that promote health and prevent obesity. However, the home environment and lifestyle patterns remain understudied, and few interventions have investigated parent-led makeovers designed to create home environments that are supportive of optimal child health and healthy child weights. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the HomeStyles randomized controlled trial (RCT) is to determine whether the Web-based HomeStyles intervention enables and motivates parents to shape the weight-related aspects of their home environments and lifestyle behavioral practices (diet, exercise, and sleep) to be more supportive of their preschool children's optimal health and weight...
April 25, 2017: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28374550/parental-beliefs-about-portion-size-not-children-s-own-beliefs-predict-child-bmi
#20
C Potter, D Ferriday, R L Griggs, J P Hamilton-Shield, P J Rogers, J M Brunstrom
BACKGROUND: Increases in portion size are thought by many to promote obesity in children. However, this relationship remains unclear. Here, we explore the extent to which a child's BMI is predicted both by parental beliefs about their child's ideal and maximum portion size and/or by the child's own beliefs. METHODS: Parent-child (5-11 years) dyads (N = 217) were recruited from a randomized controlled trial (n = 69) and an interactive science centre (n = 148)...
April 4, 2017: Pediatric Obesity
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