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Chd epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886892/the-atlantic-divide-in-coronary-heart-disease-epidemiology-and-patient-care-in-the-us-and-portugal
#1
Mariana F Lobo, Vanessa Azzone, Frederic S Resnic, Bruno Melica, Armando Teixeira-Pinto, Luís Filipe Azevedo, Alberto Freitas, Cláudia Nisa, Leonor Bacelar-Nicolau, Francisco Nuno Rocha-Gonçalves, José Pereira-Miguel, Altamiro Costa-Pereira, Sharon-Lise Normand
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: We aimed to compare access to new health technologies to treat coronary heart disease (CHD) in the health systems of Portugal and the US, characterizing the needs of the populations and the resources available. METHODS: We reviewed data for 2000 and 2010 on epidemiologic profiles of CHD and on health care available to patients. Thirty health technologies (16 medical devices and 14 drugs) introduced during the period 1980-2015 were identified by interventional cardiologists...
September 5, 2017: Portuguese Journal of Cardiology: An Official Journal of the Portuguese Society of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28874154/the-center-for-epidemiologic-studies-depression-scale-is-an-adequate-screening-instrument-for-depression-and-anxiety-disorder-in-adults-with-congential-heart-disease
#2
Ju Ryoung Moon, June Huh, Jinyoung Song, I-Seok Kang, Seung Woo Park, Sung-A Chang, Ji-Hyuk Yang, Tae-Gook Jun
BACKGROUND: The Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D) is an instrument that is commonly used to screen for depression in patients with chronic disease, but the characteristics of the CES-D in adults with congenital heart disease (CHD) have not yet been studied. The aim of this study was to investigate the criterion validities and the predictive powers of the CES-D for depression and anxiety disorders in adults with CHD. METHODS: Two hundred patients were screened with the CES-D and secondarily interviewed with a diagnostic instrument, i...
September 5, 2017: Health and Quality of Life Outcomes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865333/assessing-mood-symptoms-through-heartbeat-dynamics-an-hrv-study-on-cardiosurgical-patients
#3
Claudio Gentili, Simone Messerotti Benvenuti, Daniela Palomba, Alberto Greco, Enzo Pasquale Scilingo, Gaetano Valenza
BACKGROUND: Heart Rate Variability (HRV) is reduced both in depression and in coronary heart disease (CHD) suggesting common pathophysiological mechanisms for the two disorders. Within CHD, cardiac surgery patients (CSP) with postoperative depression are at greater risk of adverse cardiac events. Therefore, CSP would especially benefit from depression early diagnosis. Here we tested whether HRV-multi-feature analysis discriminates CSP with or without depression and provides an effective estimation of symptoms severity...
August 26, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28855533/associations-of-estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate-and-blood-urea-nitrogen-with-incident-coronary-heart-disease-the-dongfeng-tongji-cohort-study
#4
Haijing Jiang, Jun Li, Kuai Yu, Handong Yang, Xinwen Min, Huanqian Chen, Tangchun Wu
Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) has been reported to be associated with risk of incident coronary heart disease (CHD), and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) has been shown to be a strong predictor of mortality in patients with heart failure (HF). However, such epidemiological evidence from Chinese population was still limited. We used Cox proportional-hazards regression models to investigate the associations of eGFR and BUN with risk of incident CHD in the prospective Dongfeng-Tongji (DFTJ) cohort. After fully adjusted for potential confounders, a 10-unit decline in eGFR was associated with higher risk for CHD (hazard ratio [HR] 1...
August 30, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28823011/guidelines-versus-reality-is-coronary-stent-application-in-three-vessel-disease-standard-or-the-exception
#5
Roland Linder, J Zeidler, F Verheyen, J-M Graf von der Schulenburg, A Haverich, T Schilling
The national guidelines for treatment of chronic coronary heart disease (CHD) recommend surgical coronary aortic bypass grafting (CABG) rather than percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) for patients with a coronary three-vessel disease. The epidemiology of three-vessel CHD and data about the application of different revascularisation strategies raise suspicion of deviation from the guidelines in the treatment of those patients. Claims data containing records of almost 10 million patients of the largest German statutory health insurance fund (Techniker Krankenkasse) were utilised to measure adherence to the guidelines for treatment of groups of patients with one-, two-, and three-vessel CHD, respectively...
August 19, 2017: European Journal of Health Economics: HEPAC: Health Economics in Prevention and Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811093/risk-factors-for-infective-endocarditis-in-children-with-congenital-heart-diseases-a-nationwide-population-based-case-control-study
#6
Li-Chuan Sun, Chih-Cheng Lai, Cheng-Yi Wang, Ya-Hui Wang, Jen-Yu Wang, Yo-Ling Hsu, Yin-Lan Hu, En-Ting Wu, Ming-Tai Lin, Leticia B Sy, Likwang Chen
BACKGROUND: Infective endocarditis (IE) is uncommon in childhood. Its associated epidemiological characteristics in patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) remain unclear. METHODS: The study population included children born in Taiwan during the years 1997 to 2005 who were diagnosed as having CHD before 3years of age. All children were followed up until the end year of 2010, the diagnosis of infective endocarditis, or death. The demographic characteristics of patients with and without IE, the invasive procedures performed during 6months before the index date, the prophylactic antibiotics related to dental procedures, and in-hospital mortality were collected...
August 12, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28799780/lycopene-and-tomato-and-risk-of-cardiovascular-diseases-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-epidemiological-evidence
#7
Ho M Cheng, Georgios Koutsidis, John K Lodge, Ammar W Ashor, Mario Siervo, Jose Lara
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Worldwide, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) remains as the main cause of mortality. Observational studies supports an association between intake of tomato products or lycopene with a reduced CVDs risk. Our aim was to undertake a systematic review and meta-analysis of the evidence on the topic. METHODS: Medline, Web of Science, and Scopus were searched from inception until July 2017. We included longitudinal and cross-sectional studies reporting associations between lycopene and tomato consumption and cardiovascular morbidity and mortality among adult subjects...
August 11, 2017: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28793055/association-between-toll-like-receptor-4-asp299gly-polymorphism-and-coronary-heart-disease-susceptibility
#8
B W Wu, J Zhu, H M Shi, B Jin, Z C Wen
Published data on the association between Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4) Asp299Gly polymorphism and coronary heart disease (CHD) susceptibility are inconclusive. To derive a more precise estimation of the relationship, a meta-analysis was performed. English-language studies were identified by searching PubMed and Embase databases (up to November 2016). All epidemiological studies were regarding Caucasians because no TLR4 Asp/Gly and Gly/Gly genotypes have been detected in Asians. A total of 20 case-control studies involving 14,416 cases and 10,764 controls were included in the meta-analysis...
August 7, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research, Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Médicas e Biológicas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28748119/uric-acid-in-the-pathogenesis-of-metabolic-renal-and-cardiovascular-diseases-a-review
#9
REVIEW
Usama A A Sharaf El Din, Mona M Salem, Dina O Abdulazim
The association between uric acid (UA) on one side and systemic hypertension (Htn), dyslipidemia, glucose intolerance, overweight, fatty liver, renal disease and cardiovascular disease (CVD) on the other side is well recognized. However, the causal relationship between UA and these different clinical problems is still debatable. The recent years have witnessed hundreds of experimental and clinical trials that favored the opinion that UA is a probable player in the pathogenesis of these disease entities. These studies disclosed the strong association between hyperuricemia and metabolic syndrome (MS), obesity, Htn, type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM), non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, hypertriglyceridemia, acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease (CKD), coronary heart disease (CHD), heart failure and increased mortality among cardiac and CKD patients...
September 2017: Journal of Advanced Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689504/a-multinational-and-multidisciplinary-approach-to-treat-chd-in-paediatric-age-in-angola-initial-experience-of-a-medical-surgical-centre-for-children-with-heart-disease-in-angola
#10
Maria Ana S Nunes, Manuel P Magalhães, Miguel S Uva, Patrícia Heitor, Ana Henriques, Valdano Manuel, Gade Miguel, António F Júnior
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological patterns of cardiac disease differ between developed countries and African nations. Despite the collaborative efforts of developed countries, several obstacles hinder the implementation of successful programmes for the management of children with heart disease in Africa. Materials and methods This study is a retrospective analysis of a bi-national two-institution partnership programme for the treatment of children with congenital and acquired heart disease...
July 10, 2017: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671591/chocolate-consumption-and-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-stroke-and-diabetes-a-meta-analysis-of-prospective-studies
#11
Sheng Yuan, Xia Li, Yalei Jin, Jinping Lu
Although epidemiological studies have examined the role of chocolate in preventing cardiometabolic disease, the results remain inconsistent. Herein, we conducted a meta-analysis of prospective studies to determine the association between chocolate intake and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), stroke, and diabetes. A systematical search in PubMed and Embase through March 2017, together with reference scrutiny of relevant literatures, was performed to identify eligible studies. Relative risks (RRs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were pooled using random effect models...
July 2, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646806/potential-of-probiotics-in-hypercholesterolemia-a-review-of-in-vitro-and-in-vivo-findings
#12
Smriti Sharma, Seema Puri, Anura V Kurpad
Context • Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a major public health problem in developing and developed countries. Elevated cholesterol levels, especially low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol, and the emergence of CHD, have been positively correlated in many clinical and epidemiological studies. The health benefits of probiotics have received a great deal of attention, including their blood cholesterol-lowering effects on humans. Objective • The research team intended to determine the current state of research examining the effects of various probiotic strains on lipid profiles, including measures in serum of total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol...
June 23, 2017: Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28639973/sugar-sweetened-beverages-and-cardiometabolic-health
#13
Vasanti S Malik
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: It is widely accepted that sugar sweetened beverages (SSB) are implicated in weight gain and adverse cardiometabolic heath. To make informed recommendations about SSB, new evidence needs to be considered against existing literature. The present review will provide an update on the epidemiological and trial evidence linking intake of SSB to cardiometabolic outcomes. RECENT FINDINGS: The weight of the evidence from prospective cohort studies supports a strong positive association between intake of SSB and weight gain and risk type 2 diabetes (T2D) and coronary heart disease (CHD) that is independent of adiposity...
September 2017: Current Opinion in Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28545843/diabetes-and-lifetime-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease
#14
Tanvir Chowdhury Turin, Tomonori Okamura, Nahid Rumana, Arfan Raheen Afzal, Makoto Watanabe, Aya Higashiyama, Yoko M Nakao, Michikazu Nakai, Misa Takegami, Kunihiro Nishimura, Yoshihiro Kokubo, Akira Okayama, Yoshihiro Miyamoto
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological estimate lifetime risk (LTR) is a measure that expresses the probability of disease in the remaining lifetime for individuals of a specific index age. These estimates can be useful for general audience targeted knowledge translation activities against diabetes. There are only a few reports on lifetime of impact of diabetes on coronary heart disease (CHD) events. METHODS: The Suita Study, a cohort study of cardiovascular diseases (CVD), was established in 1989...
May 22, 2017: Primary Care Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542413/association-of-drinking-pattern-with-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-incidence-in-the-middle-aged-and-older-chinese-men-results-from-the-dongfeng-tongji-cohort
#15
Yizhi Zhang, Yanqiu Yu, Yu Yuan, Kuai Yu, Handong Yang, Xiulou Li, Xinwen Min, Ce Zhang, Meian He, Xiaomin Zhang, Tangchun Wu
BACKGROUND: Epidemiologic studies have found that moderate alcohol consumption was associated with a decreased risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) incidence. Nevertheless, whether the drinking pattern is associated with CHD incidence still remains inconclusive. METHODS: We included 8,469 Chinese men aged 45-81 years, who were free of CHD, stroke, or cancer at baseline from Dongfeng-Tongji cohort. A semi-structured questionnaire was used to collect information on alcohol consumption and other covariates...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28542318/predicting-congenital-heart-defects-a-comparison-of-three-data-mining-methods
#16
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Yanhong Luo, Zhi Li, Husheng Guo, Hongyan Cao, Chunying Song, Xingping Guo, Yanbo Zhang
Congenital heart defects (CHD) is one of the most common birth defects in China. Many studies have examined risk factors for CHD, but their predictive abilities have not been evaluated. In particular, few studies have attempted to predict risks of CHD from, necessarily unbalanced, population-based cross-sectional data. Therefore, we developed and validated machine learning models for predicting, before and during pregnancy, women's risks of bearing children with CHD. We compared the results of these models in a large-scale, comprehensive population-based retrospective cross-sectional epidemiological survey of birth defects in six counties in Shanxi Province, China, covering 2006 to 2008...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28508737/the-future-for-long-chain-n-3-pufa-in-the-prevention-of-coronary-heart-disease-do-we-need-to-target-non-fish-eaters
#17
W L Hall
Dietary guidelines in many countries include a recommendation to consume oily fish, mainly on the basis of evidence from prospective cohort studies that fish consumption is cardioprotective. However, average intakes are very low in a large proportion of the UK population. Some groups, such as vegans and vegetarians, purposely omit fish (along with meat) from their diet resulting in zero or trace intakes of long chain (LC) n-3 PUFA. Although the efficacy of dietary fish oil supplementation in the prevention of CVD has been questioned in recent years, the balance of evidence indicates that LC n-3 PUFA exert systemic pleiotropic effects through their influence on gene expression, cell signalling, membrane fluidity and by conversion to specialised proresolving mediators; autacoid lipid mediators that resolve inflammatory events...
August 2017: Proceedings of the Nutrition Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507837/non-alcoholic-fatty-liver-disease-association-with-cardiac-arrhythmias
#18
REVIEW
Muhammad A Mangi, Hiba Rehman, Abdul M Minhas, Muhammad Rafique, Vikas Bansal, Jonathan Constantin
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) has become a public health burden all over the world. A significant percentage of the patients with NAFLD have a co-existing metabolic syndrome that is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. Clinical as well as epidemiological research shows that NAFLD is not simply related to liver-related morbidity and mortality but is also associated with an elevated risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), irregularities of cardiac function as well as cardiac structure, valvular heart disease, and arrhythmias...
April 13, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28433577/asthma-and-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-a-meta-analysis-of-cohort-studies
#19
Huai Liu, Ying Fu, Kunpeng Wang
BACKGROUND: Few studies have investigated the incidence of coronary heart disease (CHD) in patients with asthma, and their results remain inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To conduct a meta-analysis to determine whether asthma increases the risk of CHD. METHODS: A systematic literature search of the PubMed and Embase databases from inception to August 2016, complemented with references screening of relevant articles and reviews, was performed to identify eligible studies...
June 2017: Annals of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28430629/vascular-endothelial-growth-factor-a-polymorphisms-are-associated-with-increased-risk-of-coronary-heart-disease-a-meta-analysis
#20
REVIEW
Yafeng Wang, Qiuyu Huang, Jianchao Liu, Yanan Wang, Gongfeng Zheng, Ling Lin, Hui Yu, Weifeng Tang, Ziyang Huang
Coronary heart disease (CHD) is a common complex disease resulting from the interaction of multiple environmental and genetic factors. To assess the potential relationship of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFA) rs699947 C>A, rs3025039 C>T and rs2010963 G>C polymorphisms with CHD risk, a comprehensive meta-analysis was conducted. A systematic search of EMBASE and PubMed online database for publications on VEGFA polymorphisms and risk of CHD was carried out. Crude Odds ratios (ORs) with their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated to determine the association...
May 2, 2017: Oncotarget
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