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Chd epidemiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762858/evaluation-of-cardiovascular-risk-profile-a-comparative-analysis-between-cuore-algorithm-and-the-framingham-risk-scores
#1
G La Torre, V Palmeri, L Pagano, G Nati, S Sernia, A Mannocci
OBJECTIVE: Coronary heart diseases (CHD) are the leading cause of premature death and loss of disability adjusted life years in Europe. In order to implement appropriate health interventions as preventive tools, it is necessary to understand the epidemiological stratification of cardiovascular risk and the specific situation of each individual reality. This study investigates the reliability of two algorithms used to assess cardiovascular risk: the Framingham algorithm and the CUORE algorithm...
April 2018: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29708924/can-we-still-learn-from-the-seven-countries-study
#2
Alessandro Menotti, Paolo Emilio Puddu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The Seven Countries Study (SCS) of Cardiovascular Diseases started midway last century and was the pioneer investigation of coronary heart disease (CHD) at international level. The 16 cohorts of middle-aged men enrolled in eight nations of seven countries allowed to show large differences of CHD incidence and mortality across different cultures, partly explained by average levels of serum cholesterol and dietary habits, that is, Western type patterns in the high-risk populations, and Mediterranean or Oriental type in Southern Europe and Japan...
April 26, 2018: Current Opinion in Lipidology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29706397/cardiovascular-risk-goes-up-as-your-mood-goes-down-interaction-of-depression-and-socioeconomic-status-in-determination-of-cardiovascular-risk-in-the-constances-cohort
#3
Emmanuel Wiernik, Pierre Meneton, Jean-Philippe Empana, Jack Siemiatycki, Nicolas Hoertel, Hélène Vulser, Hermann Nabi, Frédéric Limosin, Sébastien Czernichow, Marcel Goldberg, Anna Ozguler, Marie Zins, Cédric Lemogne
BACKGROUND: Recent evidence suggests that the association of psychological variables with the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) might depend upon socioeconomic status (SES). However, it is unclear whether the association between depressive symptoms and CHD risk might differ according to three SES indicators (education, occupational status and household monthly income). METHODS: Among 34,836 working participants of the French CONSTANCES cohort (16,221 men, mean age [SD]: 44...
July 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704902/administrative-health-databases-for-addressing-emerging-issues-in-adults-with-chd-a-systematic-review
#4
Sarah Cohen, Harel Gilutz, Ariane J Marelli, Laurence Iserin, Arriel Benis, Damien Bonnet, Anita Burgun
The need for population-based studies of adults with CHD has motivated the growing use of secondary analyses of administrative health data in a variety of jurisdictions worldwide. We aimed at systematically reviewing all studies using administrative health data sources for adult CHD research from 2006 to 2016. Using PubMed and Embase (1 January, 2006 to 1 January, 2016), we identified 2217 abstracts, from which 59 studies were included in this review. These comprised 12 different data sources from six countries...
April 29, 2018: Cardiology in the Young
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623835/apoe4-may-be-a-promising-target-for-treatment-of-coronary-heart-disease-and-alzheimer-s-disease
#5
Wei Chen, Fengzhong Jin, Guihua Cao, Rong Mei, Yayun Wang, Pan Long, Xiaoming Wang, Wei Ge
Alzheimer disease (AD) is most common neurodegenerative disorder of dementia, as we all know, ApoE4 is the greatest genetic risk factor of late-onset Alzheimer's disease (LOAD). Coronary heart disease (CHD) lead to one-fourth of all deaths in industrialized countries, it is reported that ApoE4 increases the risk of coronary heart disease as well. Furthermore, evidence show that coronary heart disease also increases the incidence of Alzheimer's disease. Whether ApoE4 is a bridge connecting AD with CHD or not? And what are the special mechanism and therapeutic methods? Researchers found that cholesterol metabolic disorder is common causes and risk factors of AD and CHD...
April 5, 2018: Current Drug Targets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623098/high-density-lipoprotein-hdl-functionality-and-its-relevance-to-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-disease
#6
REVIEW
Constantine E Kosmas, Ian Martinez, Andreas Sourlas, Kyriaki V Bouza, Frederick N Campos, Verenisse Torres, Peter D Montan, Eliscer Guzman
Several prospective epidemiological studies have shown that there is a clear inverse relationship between serum high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) concentrations and risk for coronary heart disease (CHD), even at low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (LDL-C) levels below 70 mg/dL. However, more recent evidence from genetic studies and clinical research has come to challenge the long-standing notion that higher HDL-C levels are always beneficial, while lower HDL-C levels are always detrimental. Thus, it becomes apparent that HDL functionality plays a much more important role in atheroprotection than circulating HDL-C levels...
2018: Drugs in Context
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29601369/quality-of-life-for-parents-of-children-with-congenital-heart-defect-a-systematic-review
#7
Mary R Becky Gregory, Paula M Prouhet, Cynthia L Russell, Brenda R Pfannenstiel
BACKGROUND: As survival rates for infants born with severe forms of cardiac defects (congenital heart defect [CHD]) improve, attention is directed to evaluating factors that affect the child's short- and long-term outcomes including parental quality of life (QOL). PURPOSE: The purpose of this review was to identify how parental QOL is affected when having a child with a CHD. Factors that influence parental QOL when having a child with a CHD will also be described...
March 29, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577518/quantification-of-serum-markers-of-hepatitis-b-hbv-and-delta-virus-hdv-infections-in-patients-with-chronic-hdv-infection
#8
Gabriele Ricco, Delia Codruta Popa, Daniela Cavallone, Speranta Iacob, Antonio Salvati, Daniela Tabacelia, Filippo Oliveri, Giovanni Mascolo, Ferruccio Bonino, Quan Yuan, Ning-Shao Xia, Liana Gheorghe, Maurizia Rossana Brunetto
The interplay between hepatitis B (HBV) and Delta (HDV) viruses is complex and not always characterized during chronic HDV infection. We assessed the clinical usefulness of new quantitative assays for HBV and HDV serum markers in a retrospective cross-sectional study. Sera obtained from 122 HDV-genotype-1 and HBV-genotype-D co-infected, anti-HIV-negative patients [71 males; median age 49.8 (21.7-66.9) years], recruited consecutively in two geographic areas (Italy 69 patients, Romania 53) with different HBV and HDV epidemiology, were tested for HBsAg, HBV-DNA, HBcrAg, total anti-HBc, HDV-RNA, IgM and total anti-HDV using quantitative assays...
March 25, 2018: Journal of Viral Hepatitis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29549330/publisher-correction-protein-altering-variants-associated-with-body-mass-index-implicate-pathways-that-control-energy-intake-and-expenditure-in-obesity
#9
Valérie Turcot, Yingchang Lu, Heather M Highland, Claudia Schurmann, Anne E Justice, Rebecca S Fine, Jonathan P Bradfield, Tõnu Esko, Ayush Giri, Mariaelisa Graff, Xiuqing Guo, Audrey E Hendricks, Tugce Karaderi, Adelheid Lempradl, Adam E Locke, Anubha Mahajan, Eirini Marouli, Suthesh Sivapalaratnam, Kristin L Young, Tamuno Alfred, Mary F Feitosa, Nicholas G D Masca, Alisa K Manning, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Poorva Mudgal, Maggie C Y Ng, Alex P Reiner, Sailaja Vedantam, Sara M Willems, Thomas W Winkler, Gonçalo Abecasis, Katja K Aben, Dewan S Alam, Sameer E Alharthi, Matthew Allison, Philippe Amouyel, Folkert W Asselbergs, Paul L Auer, Beverley Balkau, Lia E Bang, Inês Barroso, Lisa Bastarache, Marianne Benn, Sven Bergmann, Lawrence F Bielak, Matthias Blüher, Michael Boehnke, Heiner Boeing, Eric Boerwinkle, Carsten A Böger, Jette Bork-Jensen, Michiel L Bots, Erwin P Bottinger, Donald W Bowden, Ivan Brandslund, Gerome Breen, Murray H Brilliant, Linda Broer, Marco Brumat, Amber A Burt, Adam S Butterworth, Peter T Campbell, Stefania Cappellani, David J Carey, Eulalia Catamo, Mark J Caulfield, John C Chambers, Daniel I Chasman, Yii-Der I Chen, Rajiv Chowdhury, Cramer Christensen, Audrey Y Chu, Massimiliano Cocca, Francis S Collins, James P Cook, Janie Corley, Jordi Corominas Galbany, Amanda J Cox, David S Crosslin, Gabriel Cuellar-Partida, Angela D'Eustacchio, John Danesh, Gail Davies, Paul I W Bakker, Mark C H Groot, Renée Mutsert, Ian J Deary, George Dedoussis, Ellen W Demerath, Martin Heijer, Anneke I Hollander, Hester M Ruijter, Joe G Dennis, Josh C Denny, Emanuele Di Angelantonio, Fotios Drenos, Mengmeng Du, Marie-Pierre Dubé, Alison M Dunning, Douglas F Easton, Todd L Edwards, David Ellinghaus, Patrick T Ellinor, Paul Elliott, Evangelos Evangelou, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, I Sadaf Farooqi, Jessica D Faul, Sascha Fauser, Shuang Feng, Ele Ferrannini, Jean Ferrieres, Jose C Florez, Ian Ford, Myriam Fornage, Oscar H Franco, Andre Franke, Paul W Franks, Nele Friedrich, Ruth Frikke-Schmidt, Tessel E Galesloot, Wei Gan, Ilaria Gandin, Paolo Gasparini, Jane Gibson, Vilmantas Giedraitis, Anette P Gjesing, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Mathias Gorski, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Struan F A Grant, Niels Grarup, Helen L Griffiths, Megan L Grove, Vilmundur Gudnason, Stefan Gustafsson, Jeff Haessler, Hakon Hakonarson, Anke R Hammerschlag, Torben Hansen, Kathleen Mullan Harris, Tamara B Harris, Andrew T Hattersley, Christian T Have, Caroline Hayward, Liang He, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Andrew C Heath, Iris M Heid, Øyvind Helgeland, Jussi Hernesniemi, Alex W Hewitt, Oddgeir L Holmen, G Kees Hovingh, Joanna M M Howson, Yao Hu, Paul L Huang, Jennifer E Huffman, M Arfan Ikram, Erik Ingelsson, Anne U Jackson, Jan-Håkan Jansson, Gail P Jarvik, Gorm B Jensen, Yucheng Jia, Stefan Johansson, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, J Wouter Jukema, Bratati Kahali, René S Kahn, Mika Kähönen, Pia R Kamstrup, Stavroula Kanoni, Jaakko Kaprio, Maria Karaleftheri, Sharon L R Kardia, Fredrik Karpe, Sekar Kathiresan, Frank Kee, Lambertus A Kiemeney, Eric Kim, Hidetoshi Kitajima, Pirjo Komulainen, Jaspal S Kooner, Charles Kooperberg, Tellervo Korhonen, Peter Kovacs, Helena Kuivaniemi, Zoltán Kutalik, Kari Kuulasmaa, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, David Lamparter, Ethan M Lange, Leslie A Lange, Claudia Langenberg, Eric B Larson, Nanette R Lee, Terho Lehtimäki, Cora E Lewis, Huaixing Li, Jin Li, Ruifang Li-Gao, Honghuang Lin, Keng-Hung Lin, Li-An Lin, Xu Lin, Lars Lind, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Ching-Ti Liu, Dajiang J Liu, Yongmei Liu, Ken S Lo, Artitaya Lophatananon, Andrew J Lotery, Anu Loukola, Jian'an Luan, Steven A Lubitz, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Satu Männistö, Gaëlle Marenne, Angela L Mazul, Mark I McCarthy, Roberta McKean-Cowdin, Sarah E Medland, Karina Meidtner, Lili Milani, Vanisha Mistry, Paul Mitchell, Karen L Mohlke, Leena Moilanen, Marie Moitry, Grant W Montgomery, Dennis O Mook-Kanamori, Carmel Moore, Trevor A Mori, Andrew D Morris, Andrew P Morris, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Patricia B Munroe, Mike A Nalls, Narisu Narisu, Christopher P Nelson, Matt Neville, Sune F Nielsen, Kjell Nikus, Pål R Njølstad, Børge G Nordestgaard, Dale R Nyholt, Jeffrey R O'Connel, Michelle L O'Donoghue, Loes M Olde Loohuis, Roel A Ophoff, Katharine R Owen, Chris J Packard, Sandosh Padmanabhan, Colin N A Palmer, Nicholette D Palmer, Gerard Pasterkamp, Aniruddh P Patel, Alison Pattie, Oluf Pedersen, Peggy L Peissig, Gina M Peloso, Craig E Pennell, Markus Perola, James A Perry, John R B Perry, Tune H Pers, Thomas N Person, Annette Peters, Eva R B Petersen, Patricia A Peyser, Ailith Pirie, Ozren Polasek, Tinca J Polderman, Hannu Puolijoki, Olli T Raitakari, Asif Rasheed, Rainer Rauramaa, Dermot F Reilly, Frida Renström, Myriam Rheinberger, Paul M Ridker, John D Rioux, Manuel A Rivas, David J Roberts, Neil R Robertson, Antonietta Robino, Olov Rolandsson, Igor Rudan, Katherine S Ruth, Danish Saleheen, Veikko Salomaa, Nilesh J Samani, Yadav Sapkota, Naveed Sattar, Robert E Schoen, Pamela J Schreiner, Matthias B Schulze, Robert A Scott, Marcelo P Segura-Lepe, Svati H Shah, Wayne H-H Sheu, Xueling Sim, Andrew J Slater, Kerrin S Small, Albert V Smith, Lorraine Southam, Timothy D Spector, Elizabeth K Speliotes, John M Starr, Kari Stefansson, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Kathleen E Stirrups, Konstantin Strauch, Heather M Stringham, Michael Stumvoll, Liang Sun, Praveen Surendran, Amy J Swift, Hayato Tada, Katherine E Tansey, Jean-Claude Tardif, Kent D Taylor, Alexander Teumer, Deborah J Thompson, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Betina H Thuesen, Anke Tönjes, Gerard Tromp, Stella Trompet, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Anne Tybjaerg-Hansen, Jonathan P Tyrer, Rudolf Uher, André G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, Sander W Laan, Cornelia M Duijn, Nienke Leeuwen, Jessica van Setten, Mauno Vanhala, Anette Varbo, Tibor V Varga, Rohit Varma, Digna R Velez Edwards, Sita H Vermeulen, Giovanni Veronesi, Henrik Vestergaard, Veronique Vitart, Thomas F Vogt, Uwe Völker, Dragana Vuckovic, Lynne E Wagenknecht, Mark Walker, Lars Wallentin, Feijie Wang, Carol A Wang, Shuai Wang, Yiqin Wang, Erin B Ware, Nicholas J Wareham, Helen R Warren, Dawn M Waterworth, Jennifer Wessel, Harvey D White, Cristen J Willer, James G Wilson, Daniel R Witte, Andrew R Wood, Ying Wu, Hanieh Yaghootkar, Jie Yao, Pang Yao, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Robin Young, Eleftheria Zeggini, Xiaowei Zhan, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Wei Zhao, Wei Zhao, Wei Zhou, Krina T Zondervan, Jerome I Rotter, John A Pospisilik, Fernando Rivadeneira, Ingrid B Borecki, Panos Deloukas, Timothy M Frayling, Guillaume Lettre, Kari E North, Cecilia M Lindgren, Joel N Hirschhorn, Ruth J F Loos
In the version of this article originally published, one of the two authors with the name Wei Zhao was omitted from the author list and the affiliations for both authors were assigned to the single Wei Zhao in the author list. In addition, the ORCID for Wei Zhao (Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Perelman School of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, USA) was incorrectly assigned to author Wei Zhou. The errors have been corrected in the HTML and PDF versions of the article.
May 2018: Nature Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29467335/apolipoproteins-e-and-ciii-interact-to-regulate-hdl-metabolism-and-coronary-heart-disease-risk
#10
Allyson M Morton, Manja Koch, Carlos O Mendivil, Jeremy D Furtado, Anne Tjønneland, Kim Overvad, Liyun Wang, Majken K Jensen, Frank M Sacks
BACKGROUND: Subspecies of HDL contain apolipoprotein E (apoE) and/or apoCIII. Both proteins have properties that could affect HDL metabolism. The relation between HDL metabolism and risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) is not well understood. METHODS: Eighteen participants were given a bolus infusion of [D3]L-leucine to label endogenous proteins on HDL. HDL was separated into subspecies containing apoE and/or apoCIII and then into 4 sizes. Metabolic rates for apoA-I in HDL subspecies and sizes were determined by interactive modeling...
February 22, 2018: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426137/spatial-pattern-and-variations-in-the-prevalence-of-congenital-heart-disease-in-children-aged-4-18-years-in-the-qinghai-tibetan-plateau
#11
Li-Guang Ma, Qiu-Hong Chen, Yuan-Yuan Wang, Jing Wang, Zhou-Peng Ren, Zong-Fu Cao, Yan-Rong Cao, Xu Ma, Bin-Bin Wang
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the spatial distribution pattern of the prevalence of congenital heart disease (CHD) in children in Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau (QTP), a high-altitude region in China. METHODS: Epidemiological data from a survey on the prevalence of CHD in Qinghai Province including 288,066 children (4-18 years) were used in this study. The prevalence and distribution pattern of CHD was determined by sex, CHD subtype, and nationality and altitude...
June 15, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391804/impact-of-depression-on-change-in-coronary-heart-disease-risk-status-the-korean-genome-and-epidemiology-study-koges
#12
Ha Young Jang, Yun-Kyoung Song, Jae Hyun Kim, Myeong Gyu Kim, Nayoung Han, Hae-Young Lee, In-Wha Kim, Jung Mi Oh
Purpose: The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between depression and change in coronary heart disease (CHD) risk status by an analysis of examination data in the general Korean population. Patients and methods: We examined 1,851 men and 1,689 women (aged 43-73 years) for the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study Ansan between 2005 and 2012. The estimated CHD risk score of participants was calculated using the Framingham CHD risk score in baseline and after 8-year follow-up period...
2018: Therapeutics and Clinical Risk Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29367652/9c11tcla-modulates-11t18-1-and-9t18-1-induced-inflammations-differently-in-human-umbilical-vein-endothelial-cells
#13
Jing Li, Sheng-Ben Hu, Yue-Ming He, Cheng-Fei Zhuo, Ruo-Lin Zhou, Fang Chen, Hong-Yan Li, Ze-Yuan Deng
Endothelial inflammation is recognized as the initial stage of a multistep process leading to coronary heart disease (CHD). Recently, the different effects of industrial trans fatty acids (elaidic acid, 9t18:1) and ruminant trans fatty acids (vaccenic acid, 11t18:1) on CHD have been reported in epidemiological and animal studies, however, the mechanism was not fully studied. Therefore, the objective of this study was to explore the underlying mechanism by which 9t18:1 and 11t18:1 affect human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) inflammation...
January 24, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29357719/role-of-risk-of-bias-in-systematic-review-for-chemical-risk-assessment-a-case-study-in-understanding-the-relationship-between-congenital-heart-defects-and-exposures-to-trichloroethylene
#14
Daniele Wikoff, Jon D Urban, Seneca Harvey, Laurie C Haws
The National Academy of Science has recommended that a risk of bias (RoB; credibility of the link between exposure and outcome) assessment be conducted on studies that are used as primary data sources for hazard identification and dose-response assessment. Few applications of such have been conducted. Using trichloroethylene and congenital heart defects (CHDs) as a case study, we explore the role of RoB in chemical risk assessment using the National Toxicology Program's Office of Health Assessment and Translation RoB tool...
March 2018: International Journal of Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349257/the-tyranny-of-the-averages-and-the-indiscriminate-use-of-risk-factors-in-public-health-the-case-of-coronary-heart-disease
#15
Juan Merlo, Shai Mulinari, Maria Wemrell, S V Subramanian, Bo Hedblad
Modern medicine is overwhelmed by a plethora of both established risk factors and novel biomarkers for diseases. The majority of this information is expressed by probabilistic measures of association such as the odds ratio (OR) obtained by calculating differences in average "risk" between exposed and unexposed groups. However, recent research demonstrates that even ORs of considerable magnitude are insufficient for assessing the ability of risk factors or biomarkers to distinguish the individuals who will develop the disease from those who will not...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327893/heart-failure-in-grown-up-congenital-heart-disease
#16
Alessia Faccini, Angelo Micheletti, Diana G Negura, Luca Giugno, Gianfranco Butera, Mario Carminati, Alessandro Giamberti, Massimo Chessa
The increasing survival in the adulthood of patients with congenital heart disease (CHD) has changed the epidemiology of adult CHD (ACHD) patients and has led to an increment in hospitalization rates due to heart failure (HF). ACHD patients hospitalized for HF have a five-fold higher risk of death HF than those compensated. HF occurs predominantly in patients with tetralogy of Fallot, single ventricles, and after the Mustard operation for transposition of the great arteries. Diagnostic strategies applied in acquired HF patients are usually used to evaluate ACHD patients, but sometimes this can postpone the identification of HF that can become manifest with unusual and peculiar signs or symptoms...
January 10, 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212987/association-of-coronary-artery-calcification-with-estimated-coronary-heart-disease-risk-from-prediction-models-in-a-community-based-sample-of-japanese-men-the-shiga-epidemiological-study-of-subclinical-atherosclerosis-sessa
#17
Akira Fujiyoshi, Hisatomi Arima, Sachiko Tanaka-Mizuno, Takahashi Hisamatsu, Sayaka Kadowaki, Aya Kadota, Maryam Zaid, Akira Sekikawa, Takashi Yamamoto, Minoru Horie, Katsuyuki Miura, Hirotsugu Ueshima
AIM: The clinical significance of coronary artery calcification (CAC) is not fully determined in general East Asian populations where background coronary heart disease (CHD) is less common than in USA/Western countries. We cross-sectionally assessed the association between CAC and estimated CHD risk as well as each major risk factor in general Japanese men. METHODS: Participants were 996 randomly selected Japanese men aged 40-79 y, free of stroke, myocardial infarction, or revascularization...
December 5, 2017: Journal of Atherosclerosis and Thrombosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29210861/risk-of-stroke-and-coronary-heart-disease-among-various-levels-of-blood-pressure-in-diabetic-and-nondiabetic-chinese-patients
#18
Yuqing Zhang, Xueli Jiang, Jian Bo, Lu Yin, Hui Chen, Yang Wang, Hongwei Yu, Xingyu Wang, Wei Li
OBJECTIVE: To compare the risk of stroke and coronary heart disease (CHD) among various blood pressure (BP) levels in diabetic and people without diabetes Chinese patients. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was part of Prospective Urban Rural Epidemiology China study. Patients aged 35 to70 years were recruited from 12 provinces of China between 2005 and 2009. The participants were classified into three groups: hypertension (HTN), high normal BP, and normal BP, and also into SBP and DBP quintiles...
January 2018: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29183091/systematic-review-of-the-epidemiology-and-natural-history-of-the-metabolic-vascular-syndrome-and-its-coincidence-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-cardiovascular-diseases-in-different-european-countries
#19
Caroline Kwasny, Ulf Manuwald, Joachim Kugler, Ulrike Rothe
The objectives of this systematic review were to estimate the incidence, prevalence and natural history of the metabolic (vascular) syndrome (MVS) among adults in different European countries. Furthermore, we assessed its co-incidence with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) and cardiovascular diseases (CVD). PubMed, MedLine, and EMBASE (via Ovid) were searched for relevant studies. After reading 116 full-text articles to find eligible ones, 66 publications met our inclusion criteria. Data for the incidence are based on a study from Portugal, in which the incidence rate for the MVS was 47...
March 2018: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29175647/gamma-glutamyl-transferase-and-the-risk-of-atherosclerosis-and-coronary-heart-disease
#20
REVIEW
Gjin Ndrepepa, Roisin Colleran, Adnan Kastrati
Gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) is a ubiquitous cell surface enzyme that cleaves extracellular glutathione (G-SH) or other gamma-glutamyl compounds. GGT serves to increase the availability of amino acids, primarily cysteine, for intracellular G-SH synthesis and plays a crucial role in maintaining G-SH homeostasis and defense against oxidative stress in organisms. Measurement of circulating GGT activity is widely used for the diagnosis of liver and obstructive biliary diseases and as an indicator of alcohol consumption...
January 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
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