keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

meningococcal meningitis prevention and treatment

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27591787/meningococcal-pneumonia-in-japan-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#1
Jun Hirai, Takeshi Kinjo, Takaaki Tome, Mao Hagihara, Daisuke Sakanashi, Hideta Nakamura, Shusaku Haranaga, Hiroshige Mikamo, Jiro Fujita
Neisseria meningitidis often causes meningitis and meningococcemia; however, meningococcal pneumonia is quite rare. Herein, we report a case of non-invasive meningococcal pneumonia initially misdiagnosed as pneumonia due to Moraxella catarrhalis on the basis of a Gram stain in a 43-year-old woman with asthma, type 2 diabetes mellitus, and schizophrenia. She visited our hospital following a 3-day history of fever, productive cough, and shortness of breath. Since her sputum smear revealed Gram-negative diplococcus and the chest radiograph showed infiltration in the lower right lung field, her initial diagnosis was pneumonia caused by M...
August 31, 2016: Journal of Infection and Chemotherapy: Official Journal of the Japan Society of Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26844522/neisseria-meningitidis-serogroup-c-causing-primary-arthritis-in-a-child-case-report
#2
Sergiu Straticiuc, Ancuta Ignat, Elena Hanganu, Vasile Valeriu Lupu, Alexandru Bogdan Ciubara, Roxana Cretu
INTRODUCTION: Neisseria meningitidis (N. meningitidis) is associated with severe invasive infections such as meningitis and fulminant septicemia. Septic arthritis due to N. meningitidis is rare and bone infections have been reported exceptionally. We report the case of a 1-year old girl who presented with a painful, swollen right knee, accompanied by fever and agitation. Arthrocentesis of the right knee, while patient was under anesthesia, yielded grossly purulent fluid, so we made arthrotomy and drainage...
February 2016: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26707071/prevention-of-meningococcal-disease-during-the-hajj-and-umrah-mass-gatherings-past-and-current-measures-and-future-prospects
#3
Saber Yezli, Abdulaziz A Bin Saeed, Abdullah M Assiri, Rafat F Alhakeem, Muslim A Yunus, Abdulhafiz M Turkistani, Robert Booy, Badriah M Alotaibi
The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has a long history of instituting preventative measures against meningococcal disease (MD). KSA is at risk of outbreaks of MD due to its geographic location, demography, and especially because it hosts the annual Hajj and Umrah mass gatherings. Preventative measures for Hajj and Umrah include vaccination, targeted chemoprophylaxis, health awareness and educational campaigns, as well as an active disease surveillance and response system. Preventative measures have been introduced and updated in accordance with changes in the epidemiology of MD and available preventative tools...
June 2016: International Journal of Infectious Diseases: IJID
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26633782/bacterial-infections-of-the-central-nervous-system
#4
REVIEW
Karen L Roos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Bacterial infections of the central nervous system are neurologic emergencies. Prompt recognition and treatment are essential not only to prevent mortality, but also to decrease neurologic sequelae. This article focuses on the two most common central nervous system bacterial infections, bacterial meningitis and spinal epidural abscess. RECENT FINDINGS: Two outbreaks of serogroup B meningococcal disease have occurred on US college campuses. The meningococcal vaccine given to young adults does not contain serogroup B...
December 2015: Continuum: Lifelong Learning in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26357666/population-based-surveillance-of-neisseria-meningitidis-antimicrobial-resistance-in-the-united-states
#5
Brian H Harcourt, Raydel D Anderson, Henry M Wu, Amanda C Cohn, Jessica R MacNeil, Thomas H Taylor, Xin Wang, Thomas A Clark, Nancy E Messonnier, Leonard W Mayer
Background.  Antimicrobial treatment and chemoprophylaxis of patients and their close contacts is critical to reduce the morbidity and mortality and prevent secondary cases of meningococcal disease. Through the 1990's, the prevalence of antimicrobial resistance to commonly used antimicrobials among Neisseria meningitidis was low in the United States. Susceptibility testing was performed to ascertain whether the proportions of isolates with reduced susceptibility to antimicrobials commonly used for N meningitidis have increased since 2004 in the United States...
September 2015: Open Forum Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25916733/chemoprophylaxis-and-vaccination-in-preventing-subsequent-cases-of-meningococcal-disease-in-household-contacts-of-a-case-of-meningococcal-disease-a-systematic-review
#6
REVIEW
L Telisinghe, T D Waite, M Gobin, O Ronveaux, K Fernandez, J M Stuart, R J P M Scholten
Household contacts of an index case of invasive meningococcal disease (IMD) are at increased risk of acquiring disease. In revising WHO guidance on IMD in sub-Saharan Africa, a systematic review was undertaken to assess the effect of chemoprophylaxis and of vaccination in preventing subsequent cases of IMD in household contacts following an index case. A literature search for systematic reviews identified a single suitable review on chemoprophylaxis in 2004 (three studies meta-analysed). A search for primary research papers published since 2004 on chemoprophylaxis and without a date limit on vaccination was therefore undertaken...
August 2015: Epidemiology and Infection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25795150/-meningococcal-vaccines-global-epidemiological-situation-and-strategies-for-prevention-by-vaccination
#7
Irene Rivero Calle, Carmen Rodriguez-Tenreiro Sánchez, Federico Martinón-Torres
N. meningitidis is a major cause of meningitis and septicemia and a major public health problem in many countries. The disease, that can be fulminant, has a high mortality and may cause serious sequelae, even in cases of apparently optimal medical treatment. Chemoprophylaxis may prevent secondary cases among those in close contact with the ill, but, since secondary cases represent only 1%-2% of all meningococcal disease, chemoprophylaxis has a small impact when fighting most of endemic and epidemic forms. Given that al least 5% -15% of children and young adults are carriers, the fight against meningococcal disease based on chemotherapeutic elimination of nasopharyngeal colonization is virtually impossible...
April 2015: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25584885/in-hospital-management-of-children-with-bacterial-meningitis-in-italy
#8
MULTICENTER STUDY
Marta Ciofi degli Atti, Susanna Esposito, Luciana Parola, Lucilla Ravà, Gianluigi Gargantini, Riccardo Longhi
BACKGROUND: Over the years 2009-2013, we conducted a prospective study within a network established by the Italian Society of Pediatrics to describe the in-hospital management of children hospitalized for acute bacterial meningitis in 19 Italian hospitals with pediatric wards. METHODS: Hospital adherence to the study was voluntary; data were derived from clinical records. Information included demographic data, dates of onset of first symptoms, hospitalization and discharge; diagnostic evaluation; etiology; antimicrobial treatment; treatment with dexamethasone; in-hospital complications; neurological sequelae and status at hospital discharge...
2014: Italian Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25395916/estimating-costs-associated-with-a-community-outbreak-of-meningococcal-disease-in-a-colombian-caribbean-city
#9
Hernando Pinzón-Redondo, Wilfrido Coronell-Rodriguez, Inés Díaz-Martinez, Angel Guzmán-Corena, Dagna Constenla, Nelson Alvis-Guzmán
Meningococcal disease is a serious and potentially life-threatening infection that is caused by the bacterium Neisseria meningitidis (N. meningitidis), and it can cause meningitis, meningococcaemia outbreaks and epidemics. The disease is fatal in 9-12% of cases and with a death rate of up to 40% among patients with meningococcaemia. The objective of this study was to estimate the costs of a meningococcal outbreak that occurred in a Caribbean city of Colombia. We contacted experts involved in the outbreak and asked them specific questions about the diagnosis and treatment for meningococcal cases during the outbreak...
September 2014: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25104305/assessing-the-effect-of-meningitis-prevention-and-treatment
#10
Thomas L Snelling, Peter B McIntyre
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2014: Lancet Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24880614/pathogenic-neisseria-meningitidis-utilizes-cd147-for-vascular-colonization
#11
Sandra C Bernard, Nandi Simpson, Olivier Join-Lambert, Christian Federici, Marie-Pierre Laran-Chich, Nawal Maïssa, Haniaa Bouzinba-Ségard, Philippe C Morand, Fabrice Chretien, Saïd Taouji, Eric Chevet, Sébastien Janel, Frank Lafont, Mathieu Coureuil, Audrey Segura, Florence Niedergang, Stefano Marullo, Pierre-Olivier Couraud, Xavier Nassif, Sandrine Bourdoulous
Neisseria meningitidis is a cause of meningitis epidemics worldwide and of rapidly progressing fatal septic shock. A crucial step in the pathogenesis of invasive meningococcal infections is the adhesion of bloodborne meningococci to both peripheral and brain endothelia, leading to major vascular dysfunction. Initial adhesion of pathogenic strains to endothelial cells relies on meningococcal type IV pili, but the endothelial receptor for bacterial adhesion remains unknown. Here, we report that the immunoglobulin superfamily member CD147 (also called extracellular matrix metalloproteinase inducer (EMMPRIN) or Basigin) is a critical host receptor for the meningococcal pilus components PilE and PilV...
July 2014: Nature Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24579454/-primary-meningococcal-conjuctivitis-with-the-development-of-a-systemic-disease
#12
L Petrousová, L Roznovský
Neisseria meningitidis is a rare cause of acute bacterial conjunctivitis. Systemic meningococcal disease follows meningococcal conjunctivitis in approximately one quarter of patients. Systemic antibiotic treatment is indicated in the case of meningococcal conjunctivitis to prevent spread of infection. We report 6-month-old boy who presented with meningococcal conjunctivitis and developed sepsis and meningitis in 24 hours. The course of the disease was favorable.
September 2013: Klinická Mikrobiologie a Infekc̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24097654/twelve-episodes-of-meningitis-in-the-same-patient
#13
B P Paudyal
Recurrent bacterial meningitis is potentially life-threatening; resultant complications and adverse events during management take their extra toll on the patient. A rare case with 12 consecutive episodes of pyogenic meningitis, probably the maximum number ever reported in the literature, has been presented. A minor head injury but with no subsequent cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak during childhood was the index event in this patient. High resolution computerized tomography (HRCT) scan of the base of the skull clearly revealed a bony dehiscence missed on numerous previous imagings...
April 2007: Kathmandu University Medical Journal (KUMJ)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23968225/bacterial-meningitis-in-children-in-iceland-1975-2010-a-nationwide-epidemiological-study
#14
Kolfinna Snaebjarnardóttir, Helga Erlendsdóttir, Ingi Karl Reynisson, Karl Kristinsson, Sandra Halldórsdóttir, Hjördís Hardardóttir, Thórólfur Gudnason, Magnús Gottfredsson, Ásgeir Haraldsson
BACKGROUND: Bacterial meningitis is a serious and potentially rapid life-threatening disease. Therefore, to ensure appropriate treatment, early recognition of signs and symptoms is imperative, along with knowledge of the epidemiology and microbiology of the disease. METHODS: A long-term, nationwide epidemiological study of bacterial causes of meningitis in children (≤ 18 y) in Iceland during the period 1975-2010 was carried out. A detailed chart review was performed of all cases diagnosed in 1995-2010...
November 2013: Scandinavian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23908052/pre-admission-antibiotics-for-suspected-cases-of-meningococcal-disease
#15
REVIEW
Thambu D Sudarsanam, Priscilla Rupali, Prathap Tharyan, Ooriapadickal Cherian Abraham, Kurien Thomas
BACKGROUND: Meningococcal disease can lead to death or disability within hours after onset. Pre-admission antibiotics aim to reduce the risk of serious disease and death by preventing delays in starting therapy before confirmation of the diagnosis. OBJECTIVES: To study the effectiveness and safety of pre-admission antibiotics versus no pre-admission antibiotics or placebo, and different pre-admission antibiotic regimens in decreasing mortality, clinical failure and morbidity in people suspected of meningococcal disease...
2013: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23348489/advanced-therapeutic-methods-for-the-treatment-of-meningococcal-septic-shock-case-report
#16
Wiesława Duszyńska, Jakub Śmiechowicz, Barbara Adamik, Stanisław Zieliński, Andrzej Kübler
BACKGROUND: Meningitis caused by Neisseria meningitidis is primarily a disease of children and young adults. If septic shock complicates the course of meningitis, it must be treated in the intensive care unit. CASE REPORT: An 18 year-old man with symptoms of meningococcal meningitis and clinical features of septic shock was admitted to the ICU. Tachycardia (heart rate 140 min⁻¹) required vasopressor to maintain blood pressure (noradrenalin 1 μg kg⁻¹ min⁻¹) on admission...
October 2012: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23273967/priorities-for-research-on-meningococcal-disease-and-the-impact-of-serogroup-a-vaccination-in-the-african-meningitis-belt
#17
Danny Altmann, Abraham Aseffa, Margaret Bash, Nicole Basta, Ray Borrow, Claire Broome, Dominique Caugant, Tom Clark, Jean-Marc Collard, Mamoudou Djingarey, David Goldblatt, Brian Greenwood, Ulla Griffiths, Rana Hajjeh, Musa Hassan-King, Stephane Hugonnet, Ann Marie Kimball, Marc LaForce, Calman MacLennan, Martin C J Maiden, Olivier Manigart, Leonard Mayer, Nancy Messonnier, Jennifer Moisi, Katie Moore, Daugla Doumagoum Moto, Judith Mueller, Maria Nascimento, Stephen Obaro, Rasmata Ouedraogo, Anne-Laure Page, Willima Perea, Gerd Pluschke, Mari-Pierre Preziosi, Samba Sow, David Stephens, James Stuart, Madeleiene Thomson, Sylvestre Tiendrebeogo, Jean-Francois Trape, Guy Vernet
For over 100 years, large epidemics of meningococcal meningitis have occurred every few years in areas of the African Sahel and sub-Sahel known as the African meningitis belt. Until recently, the main approach to the control of these epidemics has been reactive vaccination with a polysaccharide vaccine after an outbreak has reached a defined threshold and provision of easy access to effective treatment but this approach has not prevented the occurrence of new epidemics. Meningococcal conjugate vaccines, which can prevent meningococcal carriage and thus interrupt transmission, may be more effective than polysaccharide vaccines at preventing epidemics...
March 1, 2013: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23026949/use-of-eculizumab-for-atypical-haemolytic-uraemic-syndrome-and-c3-glomerulopathies
#18
REVIEW
Julien Zuber, Fadi Fakhouri, Lubka T Roumenina, Chantal Loirat, Véronique Frémeaux-Bacchi
In the past decade, a large body of evidence has accumulated in support of the critical role of dysregulation of the alternative complement pathway in atypical haemolytic uraemic syndrome (aHUS) and C3 glomerulopathies. These findings have paved the way for innovative therapeutic strategies based on complement blockade, and eculizumab, a monoclonal antibody targeting the human complement component 5, is now widely used to treat aHUS. In this article, we review 28 case reports and preliminary data from 37 patients enrolled in prospective trials of eculizumab treatment for episodes of aHUS involving either native or transplanted kidneys...
November 2012: Nature Reviews. Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22854672/importance-of-circulating-antibodies-in-protection-against-meningococcal-disease
#19
REVIEW
Kim S Erlich, Blaise L Congeni
Neisseria meningitidis infection results in life-threatening illnesses, including bacteremia, sepsis and meningitis. Early diagnosis and treatment are a challenge due to rapid disease progression, resulting in high mortality and morbidity in survivors. Disease can occur in healthy individuals, however, risk of infection is higher in patients with certain risk factors. N meningitidis carriage and case-fatality rates are high in adolescents and young adults. The absolute incidence of meningococcal disease has decreased partially due to increasing meningococcal vaccination rates...
August 2012: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22844479/thyroid-hormone-enhances-nitric-oxide-mediated-bacterial-clearance-and-promotes-survival-after-meningococcal-infection
#20
Yao Chen, Mikael Sjölinder, Xiao Wang, Georg Altenbacher, Matthias Hagner, Pernilla Berglund, Yumin Gao, Ting Lu, Ann-Beth Jonsson, Hong Sjölinder
Euthyroid sick syndrome characterized by reduced levels of thyroid hormones (THs) is observed in patients with meningococcal shock. It has been found that the level of THs reflects disease severity and is predictive for mortality. The present study was conducted to investigate the impact of THs on host defense during meningococcal infection. We found that supplementation of thyroxine to mice infected with Neisseria meningitidis enhanced bacterial clearance, attenuated the inflammatory responses and promoted survival...
2012: PloS One
keyword
keyword
112761
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"