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Sarcoidosis eosinophilia

Jad Kebbe, Tony Abdo
Interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) form one of the most fascinating fields in pulmonary medicine. They also pose one of the greatest challenges for accurate diagnosis and proper treatment. Even within the recommended and warranted multidisciplinary approach, differentiating between one disease and another may lead to frustration, especially when proper lung tissue is not available for adequate pathological review. A surgical lung biopsy (SLB) might render enough tissue for histopathology, but this could come at the expense of high morbidity and even mortality, as in the case of usual interstitial pneumonia (UIP)...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
Antonino Tuttolomondo, Irene Simonetta, Domenico Di Raimondo, Tiziana Di Chiara, Roberta Conigliaro, Francesca Corpora, Valerio Vassallo, Antonio Pinto
BACKGROUND: IgG4-related disease is a rare, clinical and pathologic disease entity of unknown etiology. Its main features are increased serum concentrations of IgG4 > 1,35 g/l, lymphocyte and IgG4+plasma-cell infiltration within tissues, fibrosis or sclerosis. The classical presentation of IgG4-RSD is pancreatitis which is combined with the involvement of biliary ducts in 74 percent of patients. Extrapancreatic manifestations include: abdominal or mediastinal lymphadenopathy; the involvement of salivary glands and lacrimal glands, kidneys, lung, retroperitoneum...
2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Haru Yamamoto, David A Khan
A 45-year-old man who presented with dyspnea and chest tightness was found to have obstructive lung disease and eosinophilia of 10,300 eosinophils/μL. The differential diagnosis encompassed causes of primary eosinophilia and secondary eosinophilia associated with pulmonary disease, including asthma, environmental allergic reaction, eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis, allergic bronchopulmonary aspergillosis, acute eosinophilic pneumonia, chronic eosinophilic pneumonia, parasitic infections, tuberculosis, fungal infection, sarcoidosis, mastocytosis, drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms, lymphoproliferative hypereosinophilic syndrome, and myeloproliferative hypereosinophilic syndrome...
May 2016: Allergy and Asthma Proceedings:
Antonino Tuttolomondo, Irene Simonetta, Domenico Di Raimondo, Roberta Conigliaro, Francesca Corpora, Valerio Vassallo, Antonio Pinto
BACKGROUND: IgG4-related disease is a rare, clinical and pathologic disease entity of unknown etiology. Its main features are increased serum concentrations of IgG4 > 1,35 g/l, lymphocyte and IgG4+plasma-cell infiltration within tissues, fibrosis or sclerosis. The classical presentation of IgG4-RSD is pancreatitis which is combined with the involvement of biliary ducts in 74 percent of patients. Extrapancreatic manifestations include: abdominal or mediastinal lymphadenopathy; the involvement of salivary glands and lacrimal glands, kidneys, lung, retroperitoneum...
May 10, 2016: Current Pharmaceutical Design
Hiba Hadid, Paul Nona, Muhammad Usman, David Paje
A 51-year-old African-American man with underlying pulmonary, hepatic and splenic sarcoidosis, reported a 3-day history of headache, neck stiffness and photophobia. He was not using medication for chronic sarcoidosis. Physical examination was significant for nuchal rigidity. Lumbar puncture revealed marked eosinophilia in the cerebrospinal fluid, which, on further analysis, demonstrated a positive cryptococcal antigen. HIV antibody and PCR tests were negative. Bronchoscopy and fungal blood cultures were also negative...
December 18, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Sophie Rolls, Catherine Hyams, Michael Sheaff, Terence C O'Shaughnessy
An Afro-Caribbean woman presented with worsening breathlessness, weight loss, lethargy and fevers, developing a bilateral florid erythematous rash on her legs. She was recently diagnosed with rheumatoid arthritis and bilateral hilar lymphadenopathy was found on thoracic CT imaging. She was tachycardic and investigations revealed pancytopenia, eosinophilia, raised serum ACE, acute kidney injury and deranged liver function tests. Biopsy of the lymphadenopathy revealed mixed lymphoid cells and liver biopsy revealed extramedullary haematopoiesis, with hypercellular marrow found on bone marrow biopsy...
June 29, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Ayumu Takahashi, Satoshi Konno, Kanako Hatanaka, Yoshihiro Matsuno, Etsuro Yamaguchi, Masaharu Nishimura
A 70-year-old woman, who has had a diagnosis of sarcoidosis since she was 38 years old, showed newly appearing diffuse ground-glass opacities in the bilateral lung field, and bilateral enlargement of the hilar and mediastinal lymph nodes. Based on findings from bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) and pathology analysis, eosinophilic pneumonia accompanied by sarcoidosis was suspected. Both disease conditions (sarcoidosis and BALF eosinophilia) worsened and improved simultaneously, and she showed two similar episodes during the follow-up...
2013: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports
P Korsten, G A Müller
Interstitial nephritis is responsible for about 12 % of end-stage renal disease in Germany. It comprises an etiologically heterogenous group of inflammatory renal disorders which primarily affect the renal interstitium and tubuli. Drugs, predominantly antibiotics, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and proton pump inhibitors are causative in the majority of cases. Rheumatic diseases frequently affect the kidneys, either the glomeruli or the interstitial tissues. Inflammatory interstitial processes can be accompanied by complex functional tubular disorders...
May 2015: Zeitschrift Für Rheumatologie
Manuel Praga, Angel Sevillano, Pilar Auñón, Ester González
Acute interstitial nephritis (AIN) is an important cause of acute kidney injury that has experienced significant epidemiological and clinical changes in the last years. The classical presentation, mostly induced by antibiotics and accompanied by evident hypersensitivity manifestations (skin rash, eosinophilia, fever) has been largely replaced by oligosymptomatic presentations that require a higher index of suspicion and are increasingly recognized in the elderly, having non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents and proton pump inhibitors as frequent offending drugs...
September 2015: Nephrology, Dialysis, Transplantation
V I Vasil'ev, E V Sokol, S Kh Sedyshev, V R Gorodetskiĭ, E N Aleksandrova, O A Logvinenko, S G Pal'shina, E B Rodionova, S G Radenska-Lopovok, N A Probatova, N V Kokosadze, A I Pavlovskaia, A M Kovrigina, E Iu Varlamova, T N Safonova, A B Borovskaia, I V Gaĭduk, O V Mukhortova, I P Aslanidi, E L Nasonov
AIM: To provide the clinical, laboratory, radiological, morphological, and immunomorphological signs that permit the differential diagnosis to be made in patients with involvement of the nasal cavity and accessory sinuses (NCAS). SUBJECTS AND METHODS: In the period 2009 to 2013, the Laboratory for Intensive Therapy for Rheumatic Diseases, V.A. Nasonova Research Institute of Rheumatology, Russian Academy of Medical Sciences, associated the disease onset with NCAS involvement in 39 (7...
2014: Terapevticheskiĭ Arkhiv
Amir A Azari, Mozhgan R Kanavi, Mark Lucarelli, Vivian Lee, Ashley M Lundin, Heather D Potter, Daniel M Albert
IMPORTANCE: To report the clinical and histopathologic findings of ocular adnexal angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia, an unusual but often misdiagnosed benign disorder. OBSERVATIONS: The ophthalmologic findings of angiolymphoid hyperplasia with eosinophilia with ocular adnexal involvement are variable and include eyelid swelling, ptosis, proptosis, and loss of vision. Imaging studies typically reveal a well-circumscribed mass in the orbit. The condition may resemble other diseases that involve the orbit and ocular adnexal tissue, such as lymphoma, hemangioma, sarcoidosis, and dermoid cyst...
May 2014: JAMA Ophthalmology
S Nureki, E Miyazaki, T Ishi, T Ito, R Takenaka, M Ando, T Kumamoto
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that dendritic cells and macrophages play an important role in inflammation of eosinophilic pneumonia. The mechanism of dendritic cell and macrophage accumulation into the lung, however, is unknown. Here, we hypothesized that CCR7 ligands, CCL19 and CCL21, contribute to the accumulation of dendritic cells and alveolar macrophages in the inflamed lung of patients with eosinophilic pneumonia. METHODS: Concentrations of the CCR7 ligands as well as CCL16, CCL17 and CCL22 in the bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of 53 patients with eosinophilic pneumonia, 29 patients with sarcoidosis, 18 patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis and 12 healthy volunteers were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay...
November 2013: Allergy
Sarah N Gee, Anna C Harris, Mary Jane Zimarowski
We report a 33-year-old female with cutaneous involvement by Churg-Strauss syndrome confined to surgical scars that were obtained 13 years before. She presented to the emergency department with 2-day history of fever, night sweats, right-sided weakness, hoarseness and worsening asthma symptoms. She was found to have an eosinophilia and two sub-5-mm pulmonary nodules. The patient also reported that the scars on her right thumb, inner wrist and back had been swollen, red and painful for 2 days. Examination revealed tender, erythematous, well-healed edematous scars studded with small skin colored papules...
May 2013: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
Alexandros Kalkanis, Marc A Judson
BACKGROUND: Because pulmonary sarcoidosis often affects the airway, it is commonly confused with asthma. METHODS: This article reviews the mechanisms of airflow obstruction in sarcoidosis, the symptoms associated with this phenomenon, and the approach to distinguish sarcoidosis from asthma. DISCUSSION: Because asthma is highly likely in a patient with wheeze, cough, and chest tightness, sarcoidosis is usually not considered unless the patient has extrapulmonary manifestations of sarcoidosis or a family history of the disease...
February 2013: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Joan Felicita Samson, V Suja, K Abdul Samad, S Sankar, G K Libu
A 41-year-old HIV positive woman was started on highly active antiretroviral therapy when her CD(4) count was 54/cu mm. Three weeks later, she developed erythematous to skin-colored plaques over the face. Investigations revealed a moderate eosinophilia, raised ESR, elevated 24-hour urinary calcium and hyperglobulinemia. Skin biopsy of the facial plaque revealed prominent epithelioid cell granulomas in the dermis. Reticulin stain showed reticulin fibers within the granulomas. Five months later, all the facial lesions regressed with continuation of HAART, with no specific treatment for facial plaques...
September 2012: Indian Dermatology Online Journal
Janelle R Ricketts, Marti J Rothe, Jane M Grant-Kels
Many cutaneous conditions can mimic infection. If these lesions are not accurately recognized, they may be treated with antimicrobial agents, which adds cost, potential risk, and inconvenience to the patient and the healthcare system. The presenting signs and symptoms of many ulcerating, pustular, morbilliform, bullous, neoplastic, granulomatous, autoimmune, and neutrophilic conditions, as well as clinical vasculitis, cellulitis, folliculitis, and panniculitis, have been mistaken for infection. This review emphasizes the clinical presentation, physical exam, and diagnostic workup of many of these conditions to assist the clinician in ascertaining the correct diagnosis...
September 2011: International Journal of Dermatology
Yuhanisa Ahmad, Nur Shuhaila Shahril, Heselynn Hussein, Mohd Shahrir Mohamed Said
UNLABELLED: We would like to report a case of a 29-year-old male patient who presented with multiple lymphadenopathy and vague symptoms of low grade fever, cough, weight loss, rashes, vomiting, dry eyes and dry mouth. Physical examination revealed submandibular lymphadenopathy, vasculitic rashes over both lower limbs, and parotid gland enlargement. Blood investigations showed mild anemia with leukocytosis, predominantly eosinophilia and high erythrocyte sedimentation rate and C-reactive protein...
December 11, 2010: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Theodore Pasquali, Lynn Schoenfield, Steven J Spalding, Arun D Singh
IgG4-related sclerosing disease is a recently described systemic inflammatory disease that should be considered when evaluating patients with nonspecific orbital inflammation (pseudotumor). Orbital biopsy is necessary to establish a diagnosis and demonstrates lymphoplasmacytic infiltration, fibrosis, obliterative phlebitis of medium and small veins, and variable degrees of eosinophilia. We report the clinical and histopathological findings of 2 patients who developed chronic orbital inflammation as a manifestation of IgG4-related sclerosing disease...
October 2011: Orbit
Joanna Domagała-Kulawik, Tomasz Skirecki, Marta Maskey-Warzechowska, Hanna Grubek-Jaworska, Ryszarda Chazan
Bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) is a useful technique for differential diagnosis of various interstitial lung diseases (ILDs) and is usually realized by analysis of the differential cell count. This study was conducted to estimate the value of bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) total cell count (TCC) in the diagnosis of ILD. We analyzed 237 BAL samples from patients with ILD: sarcoidosis (SA), idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), cryptogenic organizing pneumonia (COP), hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP), chronic eosinophilic pneumonia (CEP), and smoking-related ILD (sr-ILD)...
June 2012: Inflammation
Donald Rudikoff
Dermatologists are called on to diagnose a variety of skin conditions in diverse age groups. Dermatologic diagnosis, based on identification of a primary lesion, uses morphologic clues to categorize the pathologic process causing the eruption. In addition, distribution and grouping of lesions helps support a specific diagnosis. Dermatologists consciously or unconsciously use pattern recognition to arrive at their differential diagnosis based on clinical experience and their having previously viewed similarly appearing skin lesions in lectures, texts, and journals...
September 2011: Clinics in Dermatology
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