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Michael A Pascoe

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884954/impact-of-external-pneumatic-compression-target-inflation-pressure-on-transcriptome-wide-rna-expression-in-skeletal-muscle
#1
Jeffrey S Martin, Wesley C Kephart, Cody T Haun, Anna E McCloskey, Joshua J Shake, Christopher B Mobley, Michael D Goodlett, Andreas Kavazis, David D Pascoe, Lee Zhang, Michael D Roberts
Next-generation RNA sequencing was employed to determine the acute and subchronic impact of peristaltic pulse external pneumatic compression (PEPC) of different target inflation pressures on global gene expression in human vastus lateralis skeletal muscle biopsy samples. Eighteen (N = 18) male participants were randomly assigned to one of the three groups: (1) sham (n = 6), 2) EPC at 30-40 mmHg (LP-EPC; n = 6), and 3) EPC at 70-80 mmHg (MP-EPC; n = 6). One hour treatment with sham/EPC occurred for seven consecutive days...
November 2016: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846397/giving-the-community-a-voice-lessons-learned-from-a-comprehensive-survey-in-an-urban-neighborhood
#2
Tamar Mott Forrest, Dawn M Wallace-Pascoe, Michael D Webb, Howard Goldstein
Weinland Park, an urban neighborhood adjacent to The Ohio State University, has been targeted for revitalization following several decades of disinvestment. The goal of these efforts is to develop holistic solutions that break the cycle of poverty. Such an undertaking requires collecting baseline data to understand community needs, inform programming, and guide revitalization efforts. This paper describes the development and implementation of the Weinland Park Evaluation Project (WPEP) - a collaborative and comprehensive neighborhood survey and needs assessment...
February 2017: Evaluation and Program Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27708008/a-global-genetic-interaction-network-maps-a-wiring-diagram-of-cellular-function
#3
Michael Costanzo, Benjamin VanderSluis, Elizabeth N Koch, Anastasia Baryshnikova, Carles Pons, Guihong Tan, Wen Wang, Matej Usaj, Julia Hanchard, Susan D Lee, Vicent Pelechano, Erin B Styles, Maximilian Billmann, Jolanda van Leeuwen, Nydia van Dyk, Zhen-Yuan Lin, Elena Kuzmin, Justin Nelson, Jeff S Piotrowski, Tharan Srikumar, Sondra Bahr, Yiqun Chen, Raamesh Deshpande, Christoph F Kurat, Sheena C Li, Zhijian Li, Mojca Mattiazzi Usaj, Hiroki Okada, Natasha Pascoe, Bryan-Joseph San Luis, Sara Sharifpoor, Emira Shuteriqi, Scott W Simpkins, Jamie Snider, Harsha Garadi Suresh, Yizhao Tan, Hongwei Zhu, Noel Malod-Dognin, Vuk Janjic, Natasa Przulj, Olga G Troyanskaya, Igor Stagljar, Tian Xia, Yoshikazu Ohya, Anne-Claude Gingras, Brian Raught, Michael Boutros, Lars M Steinmetz, Claire L Moore, Adam P Rosebrock, Amy A Caudy, Chad L Myers, Brenda Andrews, Charles Boone
We generated a global genetic interaction network for Saccharomyces cerevisiae, constructing more than 23 million double mutants, identifying about 550,000 negative and about 350,000 positive genetic interactions. This comprehensive network maps genetic interactions for essential gene pairs, highlighting essential genes as densely connected hubs. Genetic interaction profiles enabled assembly of a hierarchical model of cell function, including modules corresponding to protein complexes and pathways, biological processes, and cellular compartments...
September 23, 2016: Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27695978/differential-vascular-reactivity-responses-acutely-following-ingestion-of-a-nitrate-rich-red-spinach-extract
#4
Cody T Haun, Wesley C Kephart, Angelia M Holland, Christopher B Mobley, Anna E McCloskey, Joshua J Shake, David D Pascoe, Michael D Roberts, Jeffrey S Martin
INTRODUCTION: Inorganic nitrate ingestion has been posited to affect arterial blood pressure and vascular function. PURPOSE: We sought to determine the acute effect of a red spinach extract (RSE) high in inorganic nitrate on vascular reactivity 1-h after ingestion in peripheral conduit and resistance arteries. METHODS: Fifteen (n = 15; males 8, females 7) apparently healthy subjects (aged 23.1 ± 3.3 years; BMI 27.2 ± 3.7 kg/m(2)) participated in this crossover design, double-blinded study...
September 30, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27618184/combined-analysis-of-variation-in-core-accessory-and-regulatory-genome-regions-provides-a-super-resolution-view-into-the-evolution-of-bacterial-populations
#5
Alan McNally, Yaara Oren, Darren Kelly, Ben Pascoe, Steven Dunn, Tristan Sreecharan, Minna Vehkala, Niko Välimäki, Michael B Prentice, Amgad Ashour, Oren Avram, Tal Pupko, Ulrich Dobrindt, Ivan Literak, Sebastian Guenther, Katharina Schaufler, Lothar H Wieler, Zong Zhiyong, Samuel K Sheppard, James O McInerney, Jukka Corander
The use of whole-genome phylogenetic analysis has revolutionized our understanding of the evolution and spread of many important bacterial pathogens due to the high resolution view it provides. However, the majority of such analyses do not consider the potential role of accessory genes when inferring evolutionary trajectories. Moreover, the recently discovered importance of the switching of gene regulatory elements suggests that an exhaustive analysis, combining information from core and accessory genes with regulatory elements could provide unparalleled detail of the evolution of a bacterial population...
September 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27445164/mammalian-target-of-rapamycin-inhibitors-and-clinical-outcomes-in-adult-kidney-transplant-recipients
#6
Sunil V Badve, Elaine M Pascoe, Michael Burke, Philip A Clayton, Scott B Campbell, Carmel M Hawley, Wai H Lim, Stephen P McDonald, Germaine Wong, David W Johnson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Emerging evidence from recently published observational studies and an individual patient data meta-analysis shows that mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor use in kidney transplantation is associated with increased mortality. Therefore, all-cause mortality and allograft loss were compared between use and nonuse of mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors in patients from Australia and New Zealand, where mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor use has been greater because of heightened skin cancer risk...
July 21, 2016: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27355579/correction-the-influence-of-age-and-sex-on-genetic-associations-with-adult-body-size-and-shape-a-large-scale-genome-wide-interaction-study
#7
Thomas W Winkler, Anne E Justice, Mariaelisa Graff, Llilda Barata, Mary F Feitosa, Su Chu, Jacek Czajkowski, Tõnu Esko, Tove Fall, Tuomas O Kilpeläinen, Yingchang Lu, Reedik Mägi, Evelin Mihailov, Tune H Pers, Sina Rüeger, Alexander Teumer, Georg B Ehret, Teresa Ferreira, Nancy L Heard-Costa, Juha Karjalainen, Vasiliki Lagou, Anubha Mahajan, Michael D Neinast, Inga Prokopenko, Jeannette Simino, Tanya M Teslovich, Rick Jansen, Harm-Jan Westra, Charles C White, Devin Absher, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Shafqat Ahmad, Eva Albrecht, Alexessander Couto Alves, Jennifer L Bragg-Gresham, Anton J M de Craen, Joshua C Bis, Amélie Bonnefond, Gabrielle Boucher, Gemma Cadby, Yu-Ching Cheng, Charleston W K Chiang, Graciela Delgado, Ayse Demirkan, Nicole Dueker, Niina Eklund, Gudny Eiriksdottir, Joel Eriksson, Bjarke Feenstra, Krista Fischer, Francesca Frau, Tessel E Galesloot, Frank Geller, Anuj Goel, Mathias Gorski, Tanja B Grammer, Stefan Gustafsson, Saskia Haitjema, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Jennifer E Huffman, Anne U Jackson, Kevin B Jacobs, Åsa Johansson, Marika Kaakinen, Marcus E Kleber, Jari Lahti, Irene Mateo Leach, Benjamin Lehne, Youfang Liu, Ken Sin Lo, Mattias Lorentzon, Jian'an Luan, Pamela A F Madden, Massimo Mangino, Barbara McKnight, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Keri L Monda, May E Montasser, Gabriele Müller, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Ilja M Nolte, Kalliope Panoutsopoulou, Laura Pascoe, Lavinia Paternoster, Nigel W Rayner, Frida Renström, Federica Rizzi, Lynda M Rose, Kathy A Ryan, Perttu Salo, Serena Sanna, Hubert Scharnagl, Jianxin Shi, Albert Vernon Smith, Lorraine Southam, Alena Stančáková, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Rona J Strawbridge, Yun Ju Sung, Ioanna Tachmazidou, Toshiko Tanaka, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Stella Trompet, Natalia Pervjakova, Jonathan P Tyrer, Liesbeth Vandenput, Sander W van der Laan, Nathalie van der Velde, Jessica van Setten, Jana V van Vliet-Ostaptchouk, Niek Verweij, Efthymia Vlachopoulou, Lindsay L Waite, Sophie R Wang, Zhaoming Wang, Sarah H Wild, Christina Willenborg, James F Wilson, Andrew Wong, Jian Yang, Loïc Yengo, Laura M Yerges-Armstrong, Lei Yu, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Ehm A Andersson, Stephan J L Bakker, Damiano Baldassarre, Karina Banasik, Matteo Barcella, Cristina Barlassina, Claire Bellis, Paola Benaglio, John Blangero, Matthias Blüher, Fabrice Bonnet, Lori L Bonnycastle, Heather A Boyd, Marcel Bruinenberg, Aron S Buchman, Harry Campbell, Yii-Der Ida Chen, Peter S Chines, Simone Claudi-Boehm, John Cole, Francis S Collins, Eco J C de Geus, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Maria Dimitriou, Jubao Duan, Stefan Enroth, Elodie Eury, Aliki-Eleni Farmaki, Nita G Forouhi, Nele Friedrich, Pablo V Gejman, Bruna Gigante, Nicola Glorioso, Alan S Go, Omri Gottesman, Jürgen Gräßler, Harald Grallert, Niels Grarup, Yu-Mei Gu, Linda Broer, Annelies C Ham, Torben Hansen, Tamara B Harris, Catharina A Hartman, Maija Hassinen, Nicholas Hastie, Andrew T Hattersley, Andrew C Heath, Anjali K Henders, Dena Hernandez, Hans Hillege, Oddgeir Holmen, Kees G Hovingh, Jennie Hui, Lise L Husemoen, Nina Hutri-Kähönen, Pirro G Hysi, Thomas Illig, Philip L De Jager, Shapour Jalilzadeh, Torben Jørgensen, J Wouter Jukema, Markus Juonala, Stavroula Kanoni, Maria Karaleftheri, Kay Tee Khaw, Leena Kinnunen, Steven J Kittner, Wolfgang Koenig, Ivana Kolcic, Peter Kovacs, Nikolaj T Krarup, Wolfgang Kratzer, Janine Krüger, Diana Kuh, Meena Kumari, Theodosios Kyriakou, Claudia Langenberg, Lars Lannfelt, Chiara Lanzani, Vaneet Lotay, Lenore J Launer, Karin Leander, Jaana Lindström, Allan Linneberg, Yan-Ping Liu, Stéphane Lobbens, Robert Luben, Valeriya Lyssenko, Satu Männistö, Patrik K Magnusson, Wendy L McArdle, Cristina Menni, Sigrun Merger, Lili Milani, Grant W Montgomery, Andrew P Morris, Narisu Narisu, Mari Nelis, Ken K Ong, Aarno Palotie, Louis Pérusse, Irene Pichler, Maria G Pilia, Anneli Pouta, Myriam Rheinberger, Rasmus Ribel-Madsen, Marcus Richards, Kenneth M Rice, Treva K Rice, Carlo Rivolta, Veikko Salomaa, Alan R Sanders, Mark A Sarzynski, Salome Scholtens, Robert A Scott, William R Scott, Sylvain Sebert, Sebanti Sengupta, Bengt Sennblad, Thomas Seufferlein, Angela Silveira, P Eline Slagboom, Jan H Smit, Thomas H Sparsø, Kathleen Stirrups, Ronald P Stolk, Heather M Stringham, Morris A Swertz, Amy J Swift, Ann-Christine Syvänen, Sian-Tsung Tan, Barbara Thorand, Anke Tönjes, Angelo Tremblay, Emmanouil Tsafantakis, Peter J van der Most, Uwe Völker, Marie-Claude Vohl, Judith M Vonk, Melanie Waldenberger, Ryan W Walker, Roman Wennauer, Elisabeth Widén, Gonneke Willemsen, Tom Wilsgaard, Alan F Wright, M Carola Zillikens, Suzanne C van Dijk, Natasja M van Schoor, Folkert W Asselbergs, Paul I W de Bakker, Jacques S Beckmann, John Beilby, David A Bennett, Richard N Bergman, Sven Bergmann, Carsten A Böger, Bernhard O Boehm, Eric Boerwinkle, Dorret I Boomsma, Stefan R Bornstein, Erwin P Bottinger, Claude Bouchard, John C Chambers, Stephen J Chanock, Daniel I Chasman, Francesco Cucca, Daniele Cusi, George Dedoussis, Jeanette Erdmann, Johan G Eriksson, Denis A Evans, Ulf de Faire, Martin Farrall, Luigi Ferrucci, Ian Ford, Lude Franke, Paul W Franks, Philippe Froguel, Ron T Gansevoort, Christian Gieger, Henrik Grönberg, Vilmundur Gudnason, Ulf Gyllensten, Per Hall, Anders Hamsten, Pim van der Harst, Caroline Hayward, Markku Heliövaara, Christian Hengstenberg, Andrew A Hicks, Aroon Hingorani, Albert Hofman, Frank Hu, Heikki V Huikuri, Kristian Hveem, Alan L James, Joanne M Jordan, Antti Jula, Mika Kähönen, Eero Kajantie, Sekar Kathiresan, Lambertus A L M Kiemeney, Mika Kivimaki, Paul B Knekt, Heikki A Koistinen, Jaspal S Kooner, Seppo Koskinen, Johanna Kuusisto, Winfried Maerz, Nicholas G Martin, Markku Laakso, Timo A Lakka, Terho Lehtimäki, Guillaume Lettre, Douglas F Levinson, Lars Lind, Marja-Liisa Lokki, Pekka Mäntyselkä, Mads Melbye, Andres Metspalu, Braxton D Mitchell, Frans L Moll, Jeffrey C Murray, Arthur W Musk, Markku S Nieminen, Inger Njølstad, Claes Ohlsson, Albertine J Oldehinkel, Ben A Oostra, Lyle J Palmer, James S Pankow, Gerard Pasterkamp, Nancy L Pedersen, Oluf Pedersen, Brenda W Penninx, Markus Perola, Annette Peters, Ozren Polašek, Peter P Pramstaller, Bruce M Psaty, Lu Qi, Thomas Quertermous, Olli T Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, Rainer Rauramaa, Paul M Ridker, John D Rioux, Fernando Rivadeneira, Jerome I Rotter, Igor Rudan, Hester M den Ruijter, Juha Saltevo, Naveed Sattar, Heribert Schunkert, Peter E H Schwarz, Alan R Shuldiner, Juha Sinisalo, Harold Snieder, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Tim D Spector, Jan A Staessen, Bandinelli Stefania, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Michael Stumvoll, Jean-Claude Tardif, Elena Tremoli, Jaakko Tuomilehto, André G Uitterlinden, Matti Uusitupa, André L M Verbeek, Sita H Vermeulen, Jorma S Viikari, Veronique Vitart, Henry Völzke, Peter Vollenweider, Gérard Waeber, Mark Walker, Henri Wallaschofski, Nicholas J Wareham, Hugh Watkins, Eleftheria Zeggini, Aravinda Chakravarti, Deborah J Clegg, L Adrienne Cupples, Penny Gordon-Larsen, Cashell E Jaquish, D C Rao, Goncalo R Abecasis, Themistocles L Assimes, Inês Barroso, Sonja I Berndt, Michael Boehnke, Panos Deloukas, Caroline S Fox, Leif C Groop, David J Hunter, Erik Ingelsson, Robert C Kaplan, Mark I McCarthy, Karen L Mohlke, Jeffrey R O'Connell, David Schlessinger, David P Strachan, Kari Stefansson, Cornelia M van Duijn, Joel N Hirschhorn, Cecilia M Lindgren, Iris M Heid, Kari E North, Ingrid B Borecki, Zoltán Kutalik, Ruth J F Loos
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1371/journal.pgen.1005378.].
June 2016: PLoS Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27245936/the-prevalence-age-distribution-and-comorbidity-of-personality-disorders-in-australian-women
#8
Shae E Quirk, Michael Berk, Julie A Pasco, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Andrew M Chanen, Heli Koivumaa-Honkanen, Lisa M Burke, Henry J Jackson, Carol Hulbert, Craig A Olsson, Paul Moran, Amanda L Stuart, Lana J Williams
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to describe the prevalence and age distribution of personality disorders and their comorbidity with other psychiatric disorders in an age-stratified sample of Australian women aged ⩾25 years. METHODS: Individual personality disorders (paranoid, schizoid, schizotypal, histrionic, narcissistic, borderline, antisocial, avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive), lifetime mood, anxiety, eating and substance misuse disorders were diagnosed utilising validated semi-structured clinical interviews (Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV-TR Axis I Disorders, Research Version, Non-patient Edition and Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis II Personality Disorders)...
May 30, 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27230871/angiotensin-converting-enzyme-inhibitors-and-risk-of-mood-disorders
#9
Lana J Williams, Julie A Pasco, Lars V Kessing, Shae E Quirk, Brisa S Fernandes, Michael Berk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2016: Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26921864/depression-is-a-risk-factor-for-incident-coronary-heart-disease-in-women-an-18-year-longitudinal-study
#10
Adrienne O'Neil, Aaron J Fisher, Katherine J Kibbey, Felice N Jacka, Mark A Kotowicz, Lana J Williams, Amanda L Stuart, Michael Berk, Paul A Lewandowski, Craig B Taylor, Julie A Pasco
BACKGROUND: According to a recent position paper by the American Heart Association, it remains unclear whether depression is a risk factor for incident Coronary Heart Disease (CHD). We assessed whether a depressive disorder independently predicts 18-year incident CHD in women. METHOD: A prospective longitudinal study of 860 women enrolled in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study (1993-2011) was conducted. Participants were derived from an age-stratified, representative sample of women (20-94 years) randomly selected from electoral rolls in South-Eastern Australia...
May 15, 2016: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26906397/the-addition-of-depression-to-the-framingham-risk-equation-model-for-predicting-coronary-heart-disease-risk-in-women
#11
Adrienne O'Neil, Aaron J Fisher, Katherine J Kibbey, Felice N Jacka, Mark A Kotowicz, Lana J Williams, Amanda L Stuart, Michael Berk, Paul A Lewandowski, John J Atherton, Craig B Taylor, Julie A Pasco
BACKGROUND: Depression is widely considered to be an independent and robust predictor of Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), however is seldom considered in the context of formal risk assessment. We assessed whether the addition of depression to the Framingham Risk Equation (FRE) improved accuracy for predicting 10-year CHD in a sample of women. DESIGN: A prospective, longitudinal design comprising an age-stratified, population-based sample of Australian women collected between 1993 and 2011 (n=862)...
June 2016: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26848571/fusing-data-mining-machine-learning-and-traditional-statistics-to-detect-biomarkers-associated-with-depression
#12
Joanna F Dipnall, Julie A Pasco, Michael Berk, Lana J Williams, Seetal Dodd, Felice N Jacka, Denny Meyer
BACKGROUND: Atheoretical large-scale data mining techniques using machine learning algorithms have promise in the analysis of large epidemiological datasets. This study illustrates the use of a hybrid methodology for variable selection that took account of missing data and complex survey design to identify key biomarkers associated with depression from a large epidemiological study. METHODS: The study used a three-step methodology amalgamating multiple imputation, a machine learning boosted regression algorithm and logistic regression, to identify key biomarkers associated with depression in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Study (2009-2010)...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26839250/statin-and-aspirin-use-and-the-risk-of-mood-disorders-among-men
#13
Lana J Williams, Julie A Pasco, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Felice N Jacka, Amanda L Stuart, Kamalesh Venugopal, Adrienne O'Neil, Michael Berk
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2, 2016: International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26833246/new-loci-for-body-fat-percentage-reveal-link-between-adiposity-and-cardiometabolic-disease-risk
#14
Yingchang Lu, Felix R Day, Stefan Gustafsson, Martin L Buchkovich, Jianbo Na, Veronique Bataille, Diana L Cousminer, Zari Dastani, Alexander W Drong, Tõnu Esko, David M Evans, Mario Falchi, Mary F Feitosa, Teresa Ferreira, Åsa K Hedman, Robin Haring, Pirro G Hysi, Mark M Iles, Anne E Justice, Stavroula Kanoni, Vasiliki Lagou, Rui Li, Xin Li, Adam Locke, Chen Lu, Reedik Mägi, John R B Perry, Tune H Pers, Qibin Qi, Marianna Sanna, Ellen M Schmidt, William R Scott, Dmitry Shungin, Alexander Teumer, Anna A E Vinkhuyzen, Ryan W Walker, Harm-Jan Westra, Mingfeng Zhang, Weihua Zhang, Jing Hua Zhao, Zhihong Zhu, Uzma Afzal, Tarunveer Singh Ahluwalia, Stephan J L Bakker, Claire Bellis, Amélie Bonnefond, Katja Borodulin, Aron S Buchman, Tommy Cederholm, Audrey C Choh, Hyung Jin Choi, Joanne E Curran, Lisette C P G M de Groot, Philip L De Jager, Rosalie A M Dhonukshe-Rutten, Anke W Enneman, Elodie Eury, Daniel S Evans, Tom Forsen, Nele Friedrich, Frédéric Fumeron, Melissa E Garcia, Simone Gärtner, Bok-Ghee Han, Aki S Havulinna, Caroline Hayward, Dena Hernandez, Hans Hillege, Till Ittermann, Jack W Kent, Ivana Kolcic, Tiina Laatikainen, Jari Lahti, Irene Mateo Leach, Christine G Lee, Jong-Young Lee, Tian Liu, Youfang Liu, Stéphane Lobbens, Marie Loh, Leo-Pekka Lyytikäinen, Carolina Medina-Gomez, Karl Michaëlsson, Mike A Nalls, Carrie M Nielson, Laticia Oozageer, Laura Pascoe, Lavinia Paternoster, Ozren Polašek, Samuli Ripatti, Mark A Sarzynski, Chan Soo Shin, Nina Smolej Narančić, Dominik Spira, Priya Srikanth, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Yun Ju Sung, Karin M A Swart, Leena Taittonen, Toshiko Tanaka, Emmi Tikkanen, Nathalie van der Velde, Natasja M van Schoor, Niek Verweij, Alan F Wright, Lei Yu, Joseph M Zmuda, Niina Eklund, Terrence Forrester, Niels Grarup, Anne U Jackson, Kati Kristiansson, Teemu Kuulasmaa, Johanna Kuusisto, Peter Lichtner, Jian'an Luan, Anubha Mahajan, Satu Männistö, Cameron D Palmer, Janina S Ried, Robert A Scott, Alena Stancáková, Peter J Wagner, Ayse Demirkan, Angela Döring, Vilmundur Gudnason, Douglas P Kiel, Brigitte Kühnel, Massimo Mangino, Barbara Mcknight, Cristina Menni, Jeffrey R O'Connell, Ben A Oostra, Alan R Shuldiner, Kijoung Song, Liesbeth Vandenput, Cornelia M van Duijn, Peter Vollenweider, Charles C White, Michael Boehnke, Yvonne Boettcher, Richard S Cooper, Nita G Forouhi, Christian Gieger, Harald Grallert, Aroon Hingorani, Torben Jørgensen, Pekka Jousilahti, Mika Kivimaki, Meena Kumari, Markku Laakso, Claudia Langenberg, Allan Linneberg, Amy Luke, Colin A Mckenzie, Aarno Palotie, Oluf Pedersen, Annette Peters, Konstantin Strauch, Bamidele O Tayo, Nicholas J Wareham, David A Bennett, Lars Bertram, John Blangero, Matthias Blüher, Claude Bouchard, Harry Campbell, Nam H Cho, Steven R Cummings, Stefan A Czerwinski, Ilja Demuth, Rahel Eckardt, Johan G Eriksson, Luigi Ferrucci, Oscar H Franco, Philippe Froguel, Ron T Gansevoort, Torben Hansen, Tamara B Harris, Nicholas Hastie, Markku Heliövaara, Albert Hofman, Joanne M Jordan, Antti Jula, Mika Kähönen, Eero Kajantie, Paul B Knekt, Seppo Koskinen, Peter Kovacs, Terho Lehtimäki, Lars Lind, Yongmei Liu, Eric S Orwoll, Clive Osmond, Markus Perola, Louis Pérusse, Olli T Raitakari, Tuomo Rankinen, D C Rao, Treva K Rice, Fernando Rivadeneira, Igor Rudan, Veikko Salomaa, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Michael Stumvoll, Anke Tönjes, Bradford Towne, Gregory J Tranah, Angelo Tremblay, André G Uitterlinden, Pim van der Harst, Erkki Vartiainen, Jorma S Viikari, Veronique Vitart, Marie-Claude Vohl, Henry Völzke, Mark Walker, Henri Wallaschofski, Sarah Wild, James F Wilson, Loïc Yengo, D Timothy Bishop, Ingrid B Borecki, John C Chambers, L Adrienne Cupples, Abbas Dehghan, Panos Deloukas, Ghazaleh Fatemifar, Caroline Fox, Terrence S Furey, Lude Franke, Jiali Han, David J Hunter, Juha Karjalainen, Fredrik Karpe, Robert C Kaplan, Jaspal S Kooner, Mark I McCarthy, Joanne M Murabito, Andrew P Morris, Julia A N Bishop, Kari E North, Claes Ohlsson, Ken K Ong, Inga Prokopenko, J Brent Richards, Eric E Schadt, Tim D Spector, Elisabeth Widén, Cristen J Willer, Jian Yang, Erik Ingelsson, Karen L Mohlke, Joel N Hirschhorn, John Andrew Pospisilik, M Carola Zillikens, Cecilia Lindgren, Tuomas Oskari Kilpeläinen, Ruth J F Loos
To increase our understanding of the genetic basis of adiposity and its links to cardiometabolic disease risk, we conducted a genome-wide association meta-analysis of body fat percentage (BF%) in up to 100,716 individuals. Twelve loci reached genome-wide significance (P<5 × 10(-8)), of which eight were previously associated with increased overall adiposity (BMI, BF%) and four (in or near COBLL1/GRB14, IGF2BP1, PLA2G6, CRTC1) were novel associations with BF%. Seven loci showed a larger effect on BF% than on BMI, suggestive of a primary association with adiposity, while five loci showed larger effects on BMI than on BF%, suggesting association with both fat and lean mass...
February 1, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26812054/evidence-for-community-transmission-of-community-associated-but-not-health-care-associated-methicillin-resistant-staphylococcus-aureus-strains-linked-to-social-and-material-deprivation-spatial-analysis-of-cross-sectional-data
#15
Olga Tosas Auguet, Jason R Betley, Richard A Stabler, Amita Patel, Avgousta Ioannou, Helene Marbach, Pasco Hearn, Anna Aryee, Simon D Goldenberg, Jonathan A Otter, Nergish Desai, Tacim Karadag, Chris Grundy, Michael W Gaunt, Ben S Cooper, Jonathan D Edgeworth, Theodore Kypraios
BACKGROUND: Identifying and tackling the social determinants of infectious diseases has become a public health priority following the recognition that individuals with lower socioeconomic status are disproportionately affected by infectious diseases. In many parts of the world, epidemiologically and genotypically defined community-associated (CA) methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) strains have emerged to become frequent causes of hospital infection. The aim of this study was to use spatial models with adjustment for area-level hospital attendance to determine the transmission niche of genotypically defined CA- and health-care-associated (HA)-MRSA strains across a diverse region of South East London and to explore a potential link between MRSA carriage and markers of social and material deprivation...
January 2016: PLoS Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26692078/the-outcomes-and-patterns-of-treatment-failure-after-surgery-for-locally-recurrent-rectal-cancer
#16
Craig A Harris, Michael J Solomon, Alexander G Heriot, Peter M Sagar, Paris P Tekkis, Liane Dixon, Rebecca Pascoe, Bruce R Dobbs, Chris M Frampton, Deena P Harji, Christos Kontovounisios, Kirk K Austin, Cherry E Koh, Peter J Lee, Andrew C Lynch, Satish K Warrier, Frank A Frizelle
OBJECTIVE: To assess the outcomes and patterns of treatment failure of patients who underwent pelvic exenteration surgery for recurrent rectal cancer. BACKGROUND: Despite advances in the management of rectal cancer, local recurrence still occurs. For appropriately selected patients, pelvic exenteration surgery can achieve long-term disease control. METHODS: Prospectively maintained databases of 5 high volume institutions for pelvic exenteration surgery were reviewed and data combined...
August 2016: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26559667/changes-in-bone-mineral-density-in-the-year-after-critical-illness
#17
Neil R Orford, Stephen E Lane, Michael Bailey, Julie A Pasco, Claire Cattigan, Tania Elderkin, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Rinaldo Bellomo, David J Cooper, Mark A Kotowicz
RATIONALE: Critical illness may be associated with increased bone turnover and loss of bone mineral density (BMD). Prospective evidence describing long-term changes in BMD after critical illness is needed to further define this relationship. OBJECTIVES: To measure the change in BMD and bone turnover markers (BTMs) in subjects 1 year after critical illness compared with population-based control subjects. METHODS: We studied adult patients admitted to a tertiary intensive care unit (ICU) who required mechanical ventilation for at least 24 hours...
April 1, 2016: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26553453/ten-weeks-of-branched-chain-amino-acid-supplementation-improves-select-performance-and-immunological-variables-in-trained-cyclists
#18
Wesley C Kephart, Taylor D Wachs, R Mac Thompson, C Brooks Mobley, Carlton D Fox, James R McDonald, Brian S Ferguson, Kaelin C Young, Ben Nie, Jeffrey S Martin, Joseph M Company, David D Pascoe, Robert D Arnold, Jordan R Moon, Michael D Roberts
We examined if supplementing trained cyclists (32 ± 2 year, 77.8 ± 2.6 kg, and 7.4 ± 1.2 year training) with 12 g/day (6 g/day L-Leucine, 2 g/day L-Isoleucine and 4 g/day L-Valine) of either branched-chain amino acids (BCAAs, n = 9) or a maltodextrin placebo (PLA, n = 9) over a 10-week training season affected select body composition, performance, and/or immune variables. Before and after the 10-week study, the following was assessed: (1) 4-h fasting blood draws; (2) dual X-ray absorptiometry body composition; (3) Wingate peak power tests; and (4) 4 km time-trials...
March 2016: Amino Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26547857/effects-of-depression-and-serotonergic-antidepressants-on-bone-mechanisms-and-implications-for-the-treatment-of-depression
#19
REVIEW
Brisa S Fernandes, Jason M Hodge, Julie A Pasco, Michael Berk, Lana J Williams
Osteoporosis is a chronic skeletal disease marked by microarchitectural deterioration of the bone matrix and depletion of bone mineral density (BMD), with a consequent increased risk for fragility fractures. It has been frequently associated with depression, which is also a chronic and debilitating disorder with high prevalence. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), first-line agents in the pharmacological treatment of mood and anxiety disorders, have also been shown to negatively affect bone metabolism...
January 2016: Drugs & Aging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26546500/the-prevalence-and-age-of-onset-of-psychiatric-disorders-in-australian-men
#20
Lana J Williams, Felice N Jacka, Julie A Pasco, Carolyn E Coulson, Shae E Quirk, Amanda L Stuart, Michael Berk
OBJECTIVE: Given the burden of common psychiatric disorders and their consequent service and planning requirements, it is important to have a thorough knowledge of their distribution and characteristics in the population. Thus, we aimed to report the prevalence and age of onset of mood, anxiety and substance-use disorders in an age-stratified representative sample of Australian men. METHOD: Psychiatric disorders (mood, anxiety and substance-use disorders) were diagnosed utilising a structured clinical interview (Structured Clinical Interview for Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-Fourth Edition, Non-Patient Edition) for 961 men aged 24-98 years enrolled in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study...
July 2016: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
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