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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29470463/monitoring-intracellular-nanomolar-calcium-using-fluorescence-lifetime-imaging
#1
Kaiyu Zheng, Thomas P Jensen, Dmitri A Rusakov
Nanomolar-range fluctuations of intracellular [Ca2+ ] are critical for brain cell function but remain difficult to measure. We have advanced a microscopy technique to monitor intracellular [Ca2+ ] in individual cells in acute brain slices (also applicable in vivo) using fluorescence lifetime imaging (FLIM) of the Ca2+ -sensitive fluorescent indicator Oregon Green BAPTA1 (OGB-1). The OGB-1 fluorescence lifetime is sensitive to [Ca2+ ] within the 10-500 nM range but not to other factors such as viscosity, temperature, or pH...
March 2018: Nature Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468939/objectively-measuring-pain-using-facial-expression-is-the-technology-finally-ready
#2
Thomas Richard Dawes, Ben Eden-Green, Claire Rosten, Julian Giles, Ricardo Governo, Francesca Marcelline, Charles Nduka
Currently, clinicians observe pain-related behaviors and use patient self-report measures in order to determine pain severity. This paper reviews the evidence when facial expression is used as a measure of pain. We review the literature reporting the relevance of facial expression as a diagnostic measure, which facial movements are indicative of pain, and whether such movements can be reliably used to measure pain. We conclude that although the technology for objective pain measurement is not yet ready for use in clinical settings, the potential benefits to patients in improved pain management, combined with the advances being made in sensor technology and artificial intelligence, provide opportunities for research and innovation...
February 22, 2018: Pain Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29468459/rht24-reduces-height-in-the-winter-wheat-population-solit%C3%A3-r-%C3%A3-bussard-without-adverse-effects-on-fusarium-head-blight-infection
#3
Cathérine Pauline Herter, Erhard Ebmeyer, Sonja Kollers, Viktor Korzun, Willmar Lukas Leiser, Tobias Würschum, Thomas Miedaner
The dwarfing gene Rht24 on chromosome 6A acts in the wheat population 'Solitär × Bussard', considerably reducing plant height without increasing Fusarium head blight severity and delaying heading stage. The introduction of the Reduced height (Rht)-B1 and Rht-D1 semi-dwarfing genes led to remarkable increases in wheat yields during the Green Revolution. However, their utilization also brings about some unwanted characteristics, including the increased susceptibility to Fusarium head blight. Thus, Rht loci that hold the potential to reduce plant height in wheat without concomitantly increasing Fusarium head blight (FHB) susceptibility are urgently required...
February 21, 2018: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466429/population-nutrikinetics-of-green-tea-extract
#4
Catharina Scholl, Anna Lepper, Thorsten Lehr, Nina Hanke, Katharina Luise Schneider, Jürgen Brockmöller, Thomas Seufferlein, Julia Carolin Stingl
Green tea polyphenols may contribute to the prevention of cancer and other diseases. To learn more about the pharmacokinetics and interindividual variation of green tea polyphenols after oral intake in humans we performed a population nutrikinetic study of standardized green tea extract. 84 healthy participants took green tea extract capsules standardized to 150 mg epigallocatechin-gallate (EGCG) twice a day for 5 days. On day 5 catechin plasma concentrations were analyzed using non-compartmental and population pharmacokinetic methods...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29458874/comparative-analysis-of-gut-bacterial-communities-of-green-turtles-chelonia-mydas-pre-hospitalization-and-post-rehabilitation-by-high-throughput-sequencing-of-bacterial-16s-rrna-gene
#5
Md Shamim Ahasan, Thomas B Waltzek, Roger Huerlimann, Ellen Ariel
Stranded green turtles (Chelonia mydas) are often cared for in rehabilitation centers until they recover. Although the specific causal agents of diseases in stranded turtles are difficult to diagnose, we know that gut microbiota of green turtles play a vital role in health as well as a wide range of diseases. The objective of this study was to characterize and compare the gut bacterial communities between pre-hospitalization (PH) and post-rehabilitation (PR) stranded green turtles using high-throughput sequencing analysis targeting V1-V3 regions of the bacterial 16S rRNA gene...
March 2018: Microbiological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454751/strain-dependent-variation-in-acute-ischemic-muscle-injury
#6
Cameron A Schmidt, Adam J Amorese, Terence E Ryan, Emma J Goldberg, Michael D Tarpey, Thomas D Green, Reema R Karnekar, Dean J Yamaguchi, Espen E Spangenburg, Joseph M McClung
Limited efficacy of clinical interventions for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) necessitates a better understanding of the environmental and genetic determinants of tissue pathology. Existing research has largely ignored the early skeletal muscle injury response during hindlimb ischemia (HLI). We compared the hindlimb muscle response, following six hours of ischemia, in two mouse strains that differ dramatically in their post-ischemic extended recovery: C57BL/6J and BALB/cJ. Perfusion, measured by laser Doppler and normalized to the control limb, differed only slightly between strains following HLI (<12% across all measures)...
February 15, 2018: American Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446686/survey-of-foodborne-pathogens-aerobic-plate-counts-total-coliform-counts-and-escherichia-coli-counts-in-leafy-greens-sprouts-and-melons-marketed-in-the-united-states
#7
Guodong Zhang, Yi Chen, Lijun Hu, David Melka, Hua Wang, Anna Laasri, Eric W Brown, Errol Strain, Marc Allard, Vincent K Bunning, Mickey Parish, Steven M Musser, Thomas S Hammack
The objective of this research was to assess the microbiological status of leafy greens, sprouts, and melons from U.S. markets. A total of 14,183 samples of leafy greens, 2,652 samples of sprouts, and 3,411 samples of melons were collected throughout the United States from 2009 to 2014. The samples were analyzed for aerobic plate counts, total coliform counts, Escherichia coli counts, and the presence and levels of Salmonella, Shigella, Listeria monocytogenes, and Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), depending on the year and type of produce...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Food Protection
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29446198/mutational-spectrum-in-a-worldwide-study-of-29-700-families-with-brca1-or-brca2-mutations
#8
Timothy R Rebbeck, Tara M Friebel, Eitan Friedman, Ute Hamann, Dezheng Huo, Ava Kwong, Edith Olah, Olufunmilayo I Olopade, Angela R Solano, Soo-Hwang Teo, Mads Thomassen, Jeffrey N Weitzel, T L Chan, Fergus J Couch, David E Goldgar, Torben A Kruse, Edenir Inêz Palmero, Sue Kyung Park, Diana Torres, Elizabeth J van Rensburg, Lesley McGuffog, Michael T Parsons, Goska Leslie, Cora M Aalfs, Julio Abugattas, Julian Adlard, Simona Agata, Kristiina Aittomäki, Lesley Andrews, Irene L Andrulis, Adalgeir Arason, Norbert Arnold, Banu K Arun, Ella Asseryanis, Leo Auerbach, Jacopo Azzollini, Judith Balmaña, Monica Barile, Rosa B Barkardottir, Daniel Barrowdale, Javier Benitez, Andreas Berger, Raanan Berger, Amie M Blanco, Kathleen R Blazer, Marinus J Blok, Valérie Bonadona, Bernardo Bonanni, Angela R Bradbury, Carole Brewer, Bruno Buecher, Saundra S Buys, Trinidad Caldes, Almuth Caliebe, Maria A Caligo, Ian Campbell, Sandrine Caputo, Jocelyne Chiquette, Wendy K Chung, Kathleen B M Claes, J Margriet Collée, Jackie Cook, Rosemarie Davidson, Miguel de la Hoya, Kim De Leeneer, Antoine de Pauw, Capucine Delnatte, Orland Diez, Yuan Chun Ding, Nina Ditsch, Susan M Domchek, Cecilia M Dorfling, Carolina Velazquez, Bernd Dworniczak, Jacqueline Eason, Douglas F Easton, Ros Eeles, Hans Ehrencrona, Bent Ejlertsen, Christoph Engel, Stefanie Engert, D Gareth Evans, Laurence Faivre, Lidia Feliubadaló, Sandra Fert Ferrer, Lenka Foretova, Jeffrey Fowler, Debra Frost, Henrique C R Galvão, Patricia A Ganz, Judy Garber, Marion Gauthier-Villars, Andrea Gehrig, Anne-Marie Gerdes, Paul Gesta, Giuseppe Giannini, Sophie Giraud, Gord Glendon, Andrew K Godwin, Mark H Greene, Jacek Gronwald, Angelica Gutierrez-Barrera, Eric Hahnen, Jan Hauke, Alex Henderson, Julia Hentschel, Frans B L Hogervorst, Ellen Honisch, Evgeny N Imyanitov, Claudine Isaacs, Louise Izatt, Angel Izquierdo, Anna Jakubowska, Paul James, Ramunas Janavicius, Uffe Birk Jensen, Esther M John, Vijai Joseph, Katarzyna Kaczmarek, Beth Y Karlan, Karin Kast, KConFab Investigators, Sung-Won Kim, Irene Konstantopoulou, Jacob Korach, Yael Laitman, Adriana Lasa, Christine Lasset, Conxi Lázaro, Annette Lee, Min Hyuk Lee, Jenny Lester, Fabienne Lesueur, Annelie Liljegren, Noralane M Lindor, Michel Longy, Jennifer T Loud, Karen H Lu, Jan Lubinski, Eva Machackova, Siranoush Manoukian, Véronique Mari, Cristina Martínez-Bouzas, Zoltan Matrai, Noura Mebirouk, Hanne E J Meijers-Heijboer, Alfons Meindl, Arjen R Mensenkamp, Ugnius Mickys, Austin Miller, Marco Montagna, Kirsten B Moysich, Anna Marie Mulligan, Jacob Musinsky, Susan L Neuhausen, Heli Nevanlinna, Joanne Ngeow, Huu Phuc Nguyen, Dieter Niederacher, Henriette Roed Nielsen, Finn Cilius Nielsen, Robert L Nussbaum, Kenneth Offit, Anna Öfverholm, Kai-Ren Ong, Ana Osorio, Laura Papi, Janos Papp, Barbara Pasini, Inge Sokilde Pedersen, Ana Peixoto MSc, Nina Peruga MSc, Paolo Peterlongo, Esther Pohl, Nisha Pradhan Ba, Karolina Prajzendanc, Fabienne Prieur, Pascal Pujol, Paolo Radice, Susan J Ramus, Johanna Rantala, Muhammad Usman Rashid, Kerstin Rhiem, Mark Robson, Gustavo C Rodriguez, Mark T Rogers, Vilius Rudaitis, Ane Y Schmidt, Rita Katharina Schmutzler, Leigha Senter, Payal D Shah, Priyanka Sharma, Lucy E Side, Jacques Simard, Christian F Singer, Anne-Bine Skytte, Thomas P Slavin, Katie Snape, Hagay Sobol, Melissa Southey, Linda Steele, Doris Steinemann, Grzegorz Sukiennicki, Christian Sutter, Csilla I Szabo, Yen Y Tan, Manuel R Teixeira, Mary Beth Terry, Alex Teulé, Abigail Thomas, Darcy L Thull, Marc Tischkowitz, Silvia Tognazzo, Amanda Ewart Toland, Sabine Topka, Alison H Trainer, Nadine Tung, Christi J van Asperen, Annemieke H van der Hout, Lizet E van der Kolk, Rob B van der Luijt, Mattias Van Heetvelde, Liliana Varesco, Raymonda Varon-Mateeva, Ana Vega, Cynthia Villarreal-Garza, Anna von Wachenfeldt, Lisa Walker, Shan Wang-Gohrke, Barbara Wappenschmidt, Bernhard H F Weber, Drakoulis Yannoukakos, Sook-Yee Yoon, Cristina Zanzottera, Jamal Zidan, Kristin K Zorn, Christina G Hutten Selkirk, Peter J Hulick, Georgia Chenevix-Trench, Amanda B Spurdle, Antonis C Antoniou, Katherine L Nathanson
The prevalence and spectrum of germline mutations in BRCA1 and BRCA2 have been reported in single populations, with the majority of reports focused on Caucasians in Europe and North America. The Consortium of Investigators of Modifiers of BRCA1/2 (CIMBA) has assembled data on 18,435 families with BRCA1 mutations and 11,351 families with BRCA2 mutations ascertained from 69 centers in 49 countries on 6 continents. This study comprehensively describes the characteristics of the 1,650 unique BRCA1 and 1,731 unique BRCA2 deleterious (disease-associated) mutations identified in the CIMBA database...
February 15, 2018: Human Mutation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443960/tgf%C3%AE-attenuates-tumour-response-to-pd-l1-blockade-by-contributing-to-exclusion-of-t-cells
#9
Sanjeev Mariathasan, Shannon J Turley, Dorothee Nickles, Alessandra Castiglioni, Kobe Yuen, Yulei Wang, Edward E Kadel Iii, Hartmut Koeppen, Jillian L Astarita, Rafael Cubas, Suchit Jhunjhunwala, Romain Banchereau, Yagai Yang, Yinghui Guan, Cecile Chalouni, James Ziai, Yasin Şenbabaoğlu, Stephen Santoro, Daniel Sheinson, Jeffrey Hung, Jennifer M Giltnane, Andrew A Pierce, Kathryn Mesh, Steve Lianoglou, Johannes Riegler, Richard A D Carano, Pontus Eriksson, Mattias Höglund, Loan Somarriba, Daniel L Halligan, Michiel S van der Heijden, Yohann Loriot, Jonathan E Rosenberg, Lawrence Fong, Ira Mellman, Daniel S Chen, Marjorie Green, Christina Derleth, Gregg D Fine, Priti S Hegde, Richard Bourgon, Thomas Powles
Therapeutic antibodies that block the programmed death-1 (PD-1)-programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) pathway can induce robust and durable responses in patients with various cancers, including metastatic urothelial cancer. However, these responses only occur in a subset of patients. Elucidating the determinants of response and resistance is key to improving outcomes and developing new treatment strategies. Here we examined tumours from a large cohort of patients with metastatic urothelial cancer who were treated with an anti-PD-L1 agent (atezolizumab) and identified major determinants of clinical outcome...
February 14, 2018: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435949/a-pharmacokinetic-model-for-amiodarone-in-infants-developed-from-an-opportunistic-sampling-trial-and-published-literature-data
#10
Samantha H Dallefeld, Andrew M Atz, Ram Yogev, Janice E Sullivan, Amira Al-Uzri, Susan R Mendley, Matthew Laughon, Christoph P Hornik, Chiara Melloni, Barrie Harper, Andrew Lewandowski, Jeff Mitchell, Huali Wu, Thomas P Green, Michael Cohen-Wolkowiez
Amiodarone is a first-line antiarrhythmic for life-threatening ventricular fibrillation or ventricular tachycardia in children, yet little is known about its pharmacokinetics (PK) in this population. We developed a population PK (PopPK) model using samples collected via an opportunistic study design of children receiving amiodarone per standard of care supplemented by amiodarone PK data from the literature. Both study data and literature data were predominantly from infants < 2 years old, so our analysis was restricted to this group...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424689/research-sci-hub-provides-access-to-nearly-all-scholarly-literature
#11
Daniel Scott Himmelstein, Ariel Rodriguez Romero, Jacob G Levernier, Thomas Anthony Munro, Stephen Reid McLaughlin, Bastian Greshake Tzovaras, Casey S Greene
The website Sci-Hub enables users to download PDF versions of scholarly articles, including many articles that are paywalled at their journal's site. Sci-Hub has grown rapidly since its creation in 2011, but the extent of its coverage was unclear. Here we report that, as of March 2017, Sci-Hub's database contains 68.9% of the 81.6 million scholarly articles registered with Crossref and 85.1% of articles published in toll access journals. We find that coverage varies by discipline and publisher, and that Sci-Hub preferentially covers popular, paywalled content...
February 9, 2018: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420888/theory-of-anisotropic-circular-dichroism-of-excitonically-coupled-systems-application-to-the-baseplate-of-green-sulfur-bacteria
#12
Dominik Lindorfer, Thomas Renger
A simple exciton theory for the description of anisotropic circular dichroism (ACD) spectra of multichromophoric systems is presented that is expected to be of general use for the analysis of structure-function relationships of molecular aggregates such as photosynthetic light-harvesting antennae. The theory is applied to the baseplate of green sulfur bacteria. It is demonstrated that only the combined analysis of ACD and CD spectra for the present baseplate bacteriochlorophyll (BChl) a dimer allows for an unambiguous determination of the parameters of the exciton Hamiltonian from experimental data...
February 8, 2018: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29420863/functional-biogeography-and-host-specificity-of-bacterial-communities-associated-with-the-marine-green-alga-ulva-spp
#13
Alexandra J Roth-Schulze, José Pintado, Enrique Zozaya-Valdés, Javier Cremades, Patricia Ruiz, Staffan Kjelleberg, Torsten Thomas
Bacterial communities play an essential role for the function of marine macroalgae. Recent work has shown that bacterial communities associated with individual macroalgae possess on a local scale a functional core that is likely derived from diverse members of functional guilds. It is not known if such functional cores also exist across large spatial scales or between closely related host species. To address this, we studied here the bacterial communities on three species of the green macroalgal genus Ulva from different geographic locations...
February 8, 2018: Molecular Ecology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29408694/fructose-and-sugar-a-major-mediator-of-nonalcoholic-fatty-liver-disease
#14
REVIEW
Thomas Jensen, Manal F Abdelmalek, Shelby Sullivan, Kristen J Nadeau, Melanie Green, Carlos Roncal, Takahiko Nakagawa, Masanari Kuwabara, Yuka Sato, Duk-Hee Kang, Dean R Tolan, Laura G Sanchez-Lozada, Hugo R Rosen, Miguel A Lanaspa, Anna Mae Diehl, Richard J Johnson
Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease (NAFLD) is the hepatic manifestation of metabolic syndrome, and its rising prevalence parallels the rise in obesity and diabetes. Historically thought to result from overnutrition and sedentary lifestyle, recent evidence suggests that diets high in sugar (from sucrose and/or high fructose corn syrup (HFCS)) not only increases the risk for NAFLD, but also, nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH). Here we review the experimental and clinical evidence that fructose precipitates fat accumulation in the liver, due to both increased lipogenesis and impaired fat oxidation...
January 31, 2018: Journal of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400511/first-search-for-nontensorial-gravitational-waves-from-known-pulsars
#15
B P Abbott, R Abbott, T D Abbott, F Acernese, K Ackley, C Adams, T Adams, P Addesso, R X Adhikari, V B Adya, C Affeldt, M Afrough, B Agarwal, M Agathos, K Agatsuma, N Aggarwal, O D Aguiar, L Aiello, A Ain, P Ajith, G Allen, A Allocca, P A Altin, A Amato, A Ananyeva, S B Anderson, W G Anderson, S Antier, S Appert, K Arai, M C Araya, J S Areeda, N Arnaud, K G Arun, S Ascenzi, G Ashton, M Ast, S M Aston, P Astone, P Aufmuth, C Aulbert, K AultONeal, A Avila-Alvarez, S Babak, P Bacon, M K M Bader, S Bae, P T Baker, F Baldaccini, G Ballardin, S W Ballmer, S Banagiri, J C Barayoga, S E Barclay, B C Barish, D Barker, F Barone, B Barr, L Barsotti, M Barsuglia, D Barta, J Bartlett, I Bartos, R Bassiri, A Basti, J C Batch, C Baune, M Bawaj, M Bazzan, B Bécsy, C Beer, M Bejger, I Belahcene, A S Bell, B K Berger, G Bergmann, C P L Berry, D Bersanetti, A Bertolini, J Betzwieser, S Bhagwat, R Bhandare, I A Bilenko, G Billingsley, C R Billman, J Birch, R Birney, O Birnholtz, S Biscans, A Bisht, M Bitossi, C Biwer, M A Bizouard, J K Blackburn, J Blackman, C D Blair, D G Blair, R M Blair, S Bloemen, O Bock, N Bode, M Boer, G Bogaert, A Bohe, F Bondu, R Bonnand, B A Boom, R Bork, V Boschi, S Bose, Y Bouffanais, A Bozzi, C Bradaschia, P R Brady, V B Braginsky, M Branchesi, J E Brau, T Briant, A Brillet, M Brinkmann, V Brisson, P Brockill, J E Broida, A F Brooks, D A Brown, D D Brown, N M Brown, S Brunett, C C Buchanan, A Buikema, T Bulik, H J Bulten, A Buonanno, D Buskulic, C Buy, R L Byer, M Cabero, L Cadonati, G Cagnoli, C Cahillane, J Calderón Bustillo, T A Callister, E Calloni, J B Camp, M Canepa, P Canizares, K C Cannon, H Cao, J Cao, C D Capano, E Capocasa, F Carbognani, S Caride, M F Carney, J Casanueva Diaz, C Casentini, S Caudill, M Cavaglià, F Cavalier, R Cavalieri, G Cella, C B Cepeda, L Cerboni Baiardi, G Cerretani, E Cesarini, S J Chamberlin, M Chan, S Chao, P Charlton, E Chassande-Mottin, D Chatterjee, B D Cheeseboro, H Y Chen, Y Chen, H-P Cheng, A Chincarini, A Chiummo, T Chmiel, H S Cho, M Cho, J H Chow, N Christensen, Q Chu, A J K Chua, S Chua, A K W Chung, S Chung, G Ciani, R Ciolfi, C E Cirelli, A Cirone, F Clara, J A Clark, F Cleva, C Cocchieri, E Coccia, P-F Cohadon, A Colla, C G Collette, L R Cominsky, M Constancio, L Conti, S J Cooper, P Corban, T R Corbitt, K R Corley, N Cornish, A Corsi, S Cortese, C A Costa, M W Coughlin, S B Coughlin, J-P Coulon, S T Countryman, P Couvares, P B Covas, E E Cowan, D M Coward, M J Cowart, D C Coyne, R Coyne, J D E Creighton, T D Creighton, J Cripe, S G Crowder, T J Cullen, A Cumming, L Cunningham, E Cuoco, T Dal Canton, S L Danilishin, S D'Antonio, K Danzmann, A Dasgupta, C F Da Silva Costa, V Dattilo, I Dave, M Davier, D Davis, E J Daw, B Day, S De, D DeBra, J Degallaix, M De Laurentis, S Deléglise, W Del Pozzo, T Denker, T Dent, V Dergachev, R De Rosa, R T DeRosa, R DeSalvo, J Devenson, R C Devine, S Dhurandhar, M C Díaz, L Di Fiore, M Di Giovanni, T Di Girolamo, A Di Lieto, S Di Pace, I Di Palma, F Di Renzo, Z Doctor, V Dolique, F Donovan, K L Dooley, S Doravari, I Dorrington, R Douglas, M Dovale Álvarez, T P Downes, M Drago, R W P Drever, J C Driggers, Z Du, M Ducrot, J Duncan, S E Dwyer, T B Edo, M C Edwards, A Effler, H-B Eggenstein, P Ehrens, J Eichholz, S S Eikenberry, R A Eisenstein, R C Essick, Z B Etienne, T Etzel, M Evans, T M Evans, M Factourovich, V Fafone, H Fair, S Fairhurst, X Fan, S Farinon, B Farr, W M Farr, E J Fauchon-Jones, M Favata, M Fays, H Fehrmann, J Feicht, M M Fejer, A Fernandez-Galiana, I Ferrante, E C Ferreira, F Ferrini, F Fidecaro, I Fiori, D Fiorucci, R P Fisher, R Flaminio, M Fletcher, H Fong, P W F Forsyth, S S Forsyth, J-D Fournier, S Frasca, F Frasconi, Z Frei, A Freise, R Frey, V Frey, E M Fries, P Fritschel, V V Frolov, P Fulda, M Fyffe, H Gabbard, M Gabel, B U Gadre, S M Gaebel, J R Gair, L Gammaitoni, M R Ganija, S G Gaonkar, F Garufi, S Gaudio, G Gaur, V Gayathri, N Gehrels, G Gemme, E Genin, A Gennai, D George, J George, L Gergely, V Germain, S Ghonge, Abhirup Ghosh, Archisman Ghosh, S Ghosh, J A Giaime, K D Giardina, A Giazotto, K Gill, L Glover, E Goetz, R Goetz, S Gomes, G González, J M Gonzalez Castro, A Gopakumar, M L Gorodetsky, S E Gossan, M Gosselin, R Gouaty, A Grado, C Graef, M Granata, A Grant, S Gras, C Gray, G Greco, A C Green, P Groot, H Grote, S Grunewald, P Gruning, G M Guidi, X Guo, A Gupta, M K Gupta, K E Gushwa, E K Gustafson, R Gustafson, B R Hall, E D Hall, G Hammond, M Haney, M M Hanke, J Hanks, C Hanna, O A Hannuksela, J Hanson, T Hardwick, J Harms, G M Harry, I W Harry, M J Hart, C-J Haster, K Haughian, J Healy, A Heidmann, M C Heintze, H Heitmann, P Hello, G Hemming, M Hendry, I S Heng, J Hennig, J Henry, A W Heptonstall, M Heurs, S Hild, D Hoak, D Hofman, K Holt, D E Holz, P Hopkins, C Horst, J Hough, E A Houston, E J Howell, Y M Hu, E A Huerta, D Huet, B Hughey, S Husa, S H Huttner, T Huynh-Dinh, N Indik, D R Ingram, R Inta, G Intini, H N Isa, J-M Isac, M Isi, B R Iyer, K Izumi, T Jacqmin, K Jani, P Jaranowski, S Jawahar, F Jiménez-Forteza, W W Johnson, D I Jones, R Jones, R J G Jonker, L Ju, J Junker, C V Kalaghatgi, V Kalogera, S Kandhasamy, G Kang, J B Kanner, S Karki, K S Karvinen, M Kasprzack, M Katolik, E Katsavounidis, W Katzman, S Kaufer, K Kawabe, F Kéfélian, D Keitel, A J Kemball, R Kennedy, C Kent, J S Key, F Y Khalili, I Khan, S Khan, Z Khan, E A Khazanov, N Kijbunchoo, Chunglee Kim, J C Kim, W Kim, W S Kim, Y-M Kim, S J Kimbrell, E J King, P J King, R Kirchhoff, J S Kissel, L Kleybolte, S Klimenko, P Koch, S M Koehlenbeck, S Koley, V Kondrashov, A Kontos, M Korobko, W Z Korth, I Kowalska, D B Kozak, C Krämer, V Kringel, B Krishnan, A Królak, G Kuehn, P Kumar, R Kumar, S Kumar, L Kuo, A Kutynia, S Kwang, B D Lackey, K H Lai, M Landry, R N Lang, J Lange, B Lantz, R K Lanza, A Lartaux-Vollard, P D Lasky, M Laxen, A Lazzarini, C Lazzaro, P Leaci, S Leavey, C H Lee, H K Lee, H M Lee, H W Lee, K Lee, J Lehmann, A Lenon, M Leonardi, N Leroy, N Letendre, Y Levin, T G F Li, A Libson, T B Littenberg, J Liu, R K L Lo, N A Lockerbie, L T London, J E Lord, M Lorenzini, V Loriette, M Lormand, G Losurdo, J D Lough, C O Lousto, G Lovelace, H Lück, D Lumaca, A P Lundgren, R Lynch, Y Ma, S Macfoy, B Machenschalk, M MacInnis, D M Macleod, I Magaña Hernandez, F Magaña-Sandoval, L Magaña Zertuche, R M Magee, E Majorana, I Maksimovic, N Man, V Mandic, V Mangano, G L Mansell, M Manske, M Mantovani, F Marchesoni, F Marion, S Márka, Z Márka, C Markakis, A S Markosyan, E Maros, F Martelli, L Martellini, I W Martin, D V Martynov, K Mason, A Masserot, T J Massinger, M Masso-Reid, S Mastrogiovanni, A Matas, F Matichard, L Matone, N Mavalvala, N Mazumder, R McCarthy, D E McClelland, S McCormick, L McCuller, S C McGuire, G McIntyre, J McIver, D J McManus, T McRae, S T McWilliams, D Meacher, G D Meadors, J Meidam, E Mejuto-Villa, A Melatos, G Mendell, R A Mercer, E L Merilh, M Merzougui, S Meshkov, C Messenger, C Messick, R Metzdorff, P M Meyers, F Mezzani, H Miao, C Michel, H Middleton, E E Mikhailov, L Milano, A L Miller, A Miller, B B Miller, J Miller, M Millhouse, O Minazzoli, Y Minenkov, J Ming, C Mishra, S Mitra, V P Mitrofanov, G Mitselmakher, R Mittleman, A Moggi, M Mohan, S R P Mohapatra, M Montani, B C Moore, C J Moore, D Moraru, G Moreno, S R Morriss, B Mours, C M Mow-Lowry, G Mueller, A W Muir, Arunava Mukherjee, D Mukherjee, S Mukherjee, N Mukund, A Mullavey, J Munch, E A M Muniz, P G Murray, K Napier, I Nardecchia, L Naticchioni, R K Nayak, G Nelemans, T J N Nelson, M Neri, M Nery, A Neunzert, J M Newport, G Newton, K K Y Ng, T T Nguyen, D Nichols, A B Nielsen, S Nissanke, A Nitz, A Noack, F Nocera, D Nolting, M E N Normandin, L K Nuttall, J Oberling, E Ochsner, E Oelker, G H Ogin, J J Oh, S H Oh, F Ohme, M Oliver, P Oppermann, Richard J Oram, B O'Reilly, R Ormiston, L F Ortega, R O'Shaughnessy, D J Ottaway, H Overmier, B J Owen, A E Pace, J Page, M A Page, A Pai, S A Pai, J R Palamos, O Palashov, C Palomba, A Pal-Singh, H Pan, B Pang, P T H Pang, C Pankow, F Pannarale, B C Pant, F Paoletti, A Paoli, M A Papa, H R Paris, W Parker, D Pascucci, A Pasqualetti, R Passaquieti, D Passuello, B Patricelli, B L Pearlstone, M Pedraza, R Pedurand, L Pekowsky, A Pele, S Penn, C J Perez, A Perreca, L M Perri, H P Pfeiffer, M Phelps, O J Piccinni, M Pichot, F Piergiovanni, V Pierro, G Pillant, L Pinard, I M Pinto, M Pitkin, R Poggiani, P Popolizio, E K Porter, A Post, J Powell, J Prasad, J W W Pratt, V Predoi, T Prestegard, M Prijatelj, M Principe, S Privitera, R Prix, G A Prodi, L G Prokhorov, O Puncken, M Punturo, P Puppo, M Pürrer, H Qi, J Qin, S Qiu, V Quetschke, E A Quintero, R Quitzow-James, F J Raab, D S Rabeling, H Radkins, P Raffai, S Raja, C Rajan, M Rakhmanov, K E Ramirez, P Rapagnani, V Raymond, M Razzano, J Read, T Regimbau, L Rei, S Reid, D H Reitze, H Rew, S D Reyes, F Ricci, P M Ricker, S Rieger, K Riles, M Rizzo, N A Robertson, R Robie, F Robinet, A Rocchi, L Rolland, J G Rollins, V J Roma, R Romano, C L Romel, J H Romie, D Rosińska, M P Ross, S Rowan, A Rüdiger, P Ruggi, K Ryan, S Sachdev, T Sadecki, L Sadeghian, M Sakellariadou, L Salconi, M Saleem, F Salemi, A Samajdar, L Sammut, L M Sampson, E J Sanchez, V Sandberg, B Sandeen, J R Sanders, B Sassolas, B S Sathyaprakash, P R Saulson, O Sauter, R L Savage, A Sawadsky, P Schale, J Scheuer, E Schmidt, J Schmidt, P Schmidt, R Schnabel, R M S Schofield, A Schönbeck, E Schreiber, D Schuette, B W Schulte, B F Schutz, S G Schwalbe, J Scott, S M Scott, E Seidel, D Sellers, A S Sengupta, D Sentenac, V Sequino, A Sergeev, D A Shaddock, T J Shaffer, A A Shah, M S Shahriar, L Shao, B Shapiro, P Shawhan, A Sheperd, D H Shoemaker, D M Shoemaker, K Siellez, X Siemens, M Sieniawska, D Sigg, A D Silva, A Singer, L P Singer, A Singh, R Singh, A Singhal, A M Sintes, B J J Slagmolen, B Smith, J R Smith, R J E Smith, E J Son, J A Sonnenberg, B Sorazu, F Sorrentino, T Souradeep, A P Spencer, A K Srivastava, A Staley, M Steinke, J Steinlechner, S Steinlechner, D Steinmeyer, B C Stephens, R Stone, K A Strain, G Stratta, S E Strigin, R Sturani, A L Stuver, T Z Summerscales, L Sun, S Sunil, P J Sutton, B L Swinkels, M J Szczepańczyk, M Tacca, D Talukder, D B Tanner, M Tápai, A Taracchini, J A Taylor, R Taylor, T Theeg, E G Thomas, M Thomas, P Thomas, K A Thorne, K S Thorne, E Thrane, S Tiwari, V Tiwari, K V Tokmakov, K Toland, M Tonelli, Z Tornasi, C I Torrie, D Töyrä, F Travasso, G Traylor, D Trifirò, J Trinastic, M C Tringali, L Trozzo, K W Tsang, M Tse, R Tso, D Tuyenbayev, K Ueno, D Ugolini, C S Unnikrishnan, A L Urban, S A Usman, H Vahlbruch, G Vajente, G Valdes, M Vallisneri, N van Bakel, M van Beuzekom, J F J van den Brand, C Van Den Broeck, D C Vander-Hyde, L van der Schaaf, J V van Heijningen, A A van Veggel, M Vardaro, V Varma, S Vass, M Vasúth, A Vecchio, G Vedovato, J Veitch, P J Veitch, K Venkateswara, G Venugopalan, D Verkindt, F Vetrano, A Viceré, A D Viets, S Vinciguerra, D J Vine, J-Y Vinet, S Vitale, T Vo, H Vocca, C Vorvick, D V Voss, W D Vousden, S P Vyatchanin, A R Wade, L E Wade, M Wade, R Walet, M Walker, L Wallace, S Walsh, G Wang, H Wang, J Z Wang, M Wang, Y-F Wang, Y Wang, R L Ward, J Warner, M Was, J Watchi, B Weaver, L-W Wei, M Weinert, A J Weinstein, R Weiss, L Wen, E K Wessel, P Weßels, T Westphal, K Wette, J T Whelan, B F Whiting, C Whittle, D Williams, R D Williams, A R Williamson, J L Willis, B Willke, M H Wimmer, W Winkler, C C Wipf, H Wittel, G Woan, J Woehler, J Wofford, K W K Wong, J Worden, J L Wright, D S Wu, G Wu, W Yam, H Yamamoto, C C Yancey, M J Yap, Hang Yu, Haocun Yu, M Yvert, A Zadrożny, M Zanolin, T Zelenova, J-P Zendri, M Zevin, L Zhang, M Zhang, T Zhang, Y-H Zhang, C Zhao, M Zhou, Z Zhou, S J Zhu, X J Zhu, M E Zucker, J Zweizig, S Buchner, I Cognard, A Corongiu, P C C Freire, L Guillemot, G B Hobbs, M Kerr, A G Lyne, A Possenti, A Ridolfi, R M Shannon, B W Stappers, P Weltevrede
We present results from the first directed search for nontensorial gravitational waves. While general relativity allows for tensorial (plus and cross) modes only, a generic metric theory may, in principle, predict waves with up to six different polarizations. This analysis is sensitive to continuous signals of scalar, vector, or tensor polarizations, and does not rely on any specific theory of gravity. After searching data from the first observation run of the advanced LIGO detectors for signals at twice the rotational frequency of 200 known pulsars, we find no evidence of gravitational waves of any polarization...
January 19, 2018: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398178/relationships-between-clinical-processes-and-arteriovenous-fistula-cannulation-and-maturation-a%C3%A2-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study
#16
Michael Allon, Peter B Imrey, Alfred K Cheung, Milena Radeva, Charles E Alpers, Gerald J Beck, Laura M Dember, Alik Farber, Tom Greene, Jonathan Himmelfarb, Thomas S Huber, James S Kaufman, John W Kusek, Prabir Roy-Chaudhury, Michelle L Robbin, Miguel A Vazquez, Harold I Feldman
BACKGROUND: Half of surgically created arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) require additional intervention to effectively support hemodialysis. Postoperative care and complications may affect clinical maturation. STUDY DESIGN: Hemodialysis Fistula Maturation (HFM) Study, a 7-center prospective cohort study. SETTING & PARTICIPANTS: 491 patients with single-stage AVFs who had neither thrombosis nor AVF intervention before a 6-week postoperative ultrasonographic examination and who required maintenance hemodialysis...
February 2, 2018: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396306/a-30-min-nucleic-acid-amplification-point-of-care-test-for-genital-chlamydia-trachomatis-infection-in-women-a-prospective-multi-center-study-of-diagnostic-accuracy
#17
E M Harding-Esch, E C Cousins, S-L C Chow, L T Phillips, C L Hall, N Cooper, S S Fuller, A V Nori, R Patel, S Thomas-William, G Whitlock, S J E Edwards, M Green, J Clarkson, B Arlett, J K Dunbar, C M Lowndes, S T Sadiq
BACKGROUND: Rapid Point-Of-Care Tests for Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) may reduce onward transmission and reproductive sexual health (RSH) sequelae by reducing turnaround times between diagnosis and treatment. The io® single module system (Atlas Genetics Ltd.) runs clinical samples through a nucleic acid amplification test (NAAT)-based CT cartridge, delivering results in 30min. METHODS: Prospective diagnostic accuracy study of the io® CT-assay in four UK Genito-Urinary Medicine (GUM)/RSH clinics on additional-to-routine self-collected vulvovaginal swabs...
January 10, 2018: EBioMedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394064/facile-and-efficient-decontamination-of-thorium-from-rare-earths-based-on-selective-selenite-crystallization
#18
Yaxing Wang, Huangjie Lu, Xing Dai, Tao Duan, Xiaojing Bai, Yawen Cai, Xuemiao Yin, Lanhua Chen, Juan Diwu, Shiyu Du, Ruhong Zhou, Zhifang Chai, Thomas E Albrecht-Schmitt, Ning Liu, Shuao Wang
The coexistence of radioactive contaminants (e.g., thorium, uranium, and their daughters) in rare earth minerals introduces significant environmental, economic, and technological hurdles in modern rare earth production. Efficient, low cost, and green decontamination strategies are therefore desired to ameliorate this problem. We report here a single-step and quantitative decontamination strategy of thorium from rare earths based on a unique periodic trend in the formation of crystalline selenite compounds across the lanthanide series, where Ce(III) is fully oxidized in situ to Ce(IV)...
February 2, 2018: Inorganic Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29391385/the-nice-gut-trial-protocol-a-randomised-placebo-controlled-trial-of-oral-nitazoxanide-for-the-empiric-treatment-of-acute-gastroenteritis-among-australian-aboriginal-children
#19
Claire S Waddington, Charlie McLeod, Peter Morris, Asha Bowen, Mark Naunton, Jonathan Carapetis, Keith Grimwood, Roy Robins-Browne, Carl D Kirkwood, Robert Baird, David Green, Ross Andrews, Deborah Fearon, Joshua Francis, Julie A Marsh, Thomas Snelling
INTRODUCTION: Diarrhoeal disease is the second leading cause of death in children under 5 years globally, killing 525 000 annually. Australian Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander (hereafter Aboriginal) children suffer a high burden of disease. Randomised trials in other populations suggest nitazoxanide accelerates recovery for children with Giardia, amoebiasis, Cryptosporidium, Rotavirus and Norovirus gastroenteritis, as well as in cases where no enteropathogens are found. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: This double blind, 1:1 randomised, placebo controlled trial is investigating the impact of oral nitazoxanide on acute gastroenteritis in hospitalised Australian Aboriginal children aged 3 months to <5 years...
February 1, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29389750/18f-florbetapir-positron-emission-tomography-determined-cerebral-%C3%AE-amyloid-deposition-and-neurocognitive-performance-after-cardiac-surgery
#20
Rebecca Y Klinger, Olga G James, Salvador Borges-Neto, Tiffany Bisanar, Yi-Ju Li, Wenjing Qi, Miles Berger, Niccolò Terrando, Mark F Newman, P Murali Doraiswamy, Joseph P Mathew, Michael W Weiner, Paul Aisen, Michael Weiner, Paul Aisen, Ronald Petersen, Clifford R Jack, William Jagust, John Q Trojanowki, Arthur W Toga, Laurel Beckett, Robert C Green, Andrew J Saykin, John Morris, Leslie M Shaw, Zaven Khachaturian, Greg Sorensen, Maria Carrillo, Lew Kuller, Marc Raichle, Steven Paul, Peter Davies, Howard Fillit, Franz Hefti, David Holtzman, M Marcel Mesulam, William Potter, Peter Snyder, Adam Schwartz, Robert C Green, Tom Montine, Ronald Petersen, Paul Aisen, Ronald G Thomas, Michael Donohue, Sarah Walter, Devon Gessert, Tamie Sather, Gus Jiminez, Archana B Balasubramanian, Jennifer Mason, Iris Sim, Laurel Beckett, Danielle Harvey, Michael Donohue, Clifford R Jack, Matthew Bernstein, Nick Fox, Paul Thompson, Norbert Schuff, Charles DeCArli, Bret Borowski, Jeff Gunter, Matt Senjem, Prashanthi Vemuri, David Jones, Kejal Kantarci, Chad Ward, William Jagust, Robert A Koeppe, Norm Foster, Eric M Reiman, Kewei Chen, Chet Mathis, Susan Landau, John C Morris, Louis Nigel J Cairns, Erin Franklin, Lisa Taylor-Reinwald, Leslie M Shaw, John Q Trojanowki, Virginia Lee, Magdalena Korecka, Michal Figurski, Arthur W Toga, Karen Crawford, Scott Neu, Andrew J Saykin, Tatiana M Foroud, Steven Potkin, Li Shen, Kelley Faber, Sungeun Kim, Kwangsik Nho, Michael W Weiner, Lean Thal, Zaven Khachaturian, Leon Thal, Neil Buckholtz, Michael W Weiner, Peter J Snyder, William Potter, Steven Paul, Marilyn Albert, Richard Frank, Zaven Khachaturian, John Hsiao, Jeffrey Kaye, Joseph Quinn, Lisa Silbert, Betty Lind, Raina Carter, Sara Dolen, Lon S Schneider, Sonia Pawluczyk, Mauricio Becerra, Liberty Teodoro, Bryan M Spann, James Brewer, Helen Vanderswag, Adam Fleisher, Judith L Heidebrink, Joanne L Lord, Ronald Petersen, Sara S Mason, Colleen S Albers, David Knopman, Kris Johnson, Rachelle S Doody, Javier Villanueva-Meyer, Valory Pavlik, Victoria Shibley, Munir Chowdhury, Susan Rountree, Mimi Dang, Yaakov Stern, Lawrence S Honig, Karen L Bell, Beau Ances, John C Morris, Maria Carroll, Mary L Creech, Erin Franklin, Mark A Mintun, Stacy Schneider, Angela Oliver, Daniel Marson, David Geldmacher, Marissa Natelson Love, Randall Griffith, David Clark, John Brockington, Erik Roberson, Hillel Grossman, Effie Mitsis, Raj C Shah, Leyla deToledo-Morrell, Ranjan Duara, Maria T Greig-Custo, Warren Barker, Marilyn Albert, Chiadi Onyike, Daniel D'Agostino, Stephanie Kielb, Martin Sadowski, Mohammed O Sheikh, Anaztasia Ulysse, Mrunalini Gaikwad, Jeffrey R Petrella, Terence Z Wong, Edward Coleman, Steven E Arnold, Jason H Karlawish, David A Wolk, Christopher M Clark, Charles D Smith, Greg Jicha, Peter Hardy, Partha Sinha, Elizabeth Oates, Gary Conrad, Oscar L Lopez, MaryAnn Oakley, Donna M Simpson, Anton P Porsteinsson, Bonnie S Goldstein, Kim Martin, Kelly M Makino, M Saleem Ismail, Connie Brand, Steven G Potkin, Adrian Preda, Dana Nguyen, Kyle Womack, Dana Mathews, Mary Quiceno, Allan I Levey, James J Lah, Janet S Cellar, Jeffrey M Burns, Russell H Swerdlow, William M Brooks, Liana Apostolova, Kathleen Tingus, Ellen Woo, Daniel H S Silverman, Po H Lu, George Bartzokis, Neill R Graff-Radford, Francine Parfitt, Kim Poki-Walker, Martin R Farlow, Ann Marie Hake, Brandy R Matthews, Jared R Brosch, Scott Herring, Christopher H van Dyck, Richard E Carson, Martha G MacAvoy, Pradeep Varma, Howard Chertkow, Howard Bergman, Chris Hosein, Sandra Black, Bojana Stefanovic, Curtis Caldwell, Ging-Yuek, Robin Hsiung, Benita Mudge, Vesna Sossi, Howard Feldman, Michele Assaly, Elizabeth Finger, Stephen Pasternack, Irina Rachisky, Dick Trost, Andrew Kertesz, Charles Bernick, Donna Munic, Marek-Marsel Mesulam, Emily Rogalski, Kristine Lipowski, Sandra Weintraub, Borna Bonakdarpour, Diana Kerwin, Chuang-Kuo Wu, Nancy Johnson, Carl Sadowsky, Teresa Villena, Raymond Scott Turner, Kathleen Johnson, Brigid Reynolds, Reisa A Sperling, Keith A Johnson, Gad Marshall, Jerome Yesavage, Joy L Taylor, Barton Lane, Allyson Rosen, Jared Tinklenberg, Marwan N Sabbagh, Christine M Belden, Sandra A Jacobson, Sherye A Sirrel, Neil Kowall, Ronald Killiany, Andrew E Budson, Alexander Norbash, Patricia Lynn Johnson, Thomas O Obisesan, Saba Wolday, Joanne Allard, Alan Lerner, Paula Ogrocki, Curtis Tatsuoka, Parianne Fatica, Evan Fletcher, Pauline Maillard, John Olichney, Charles DeCarli, Owen Carmichael, Smita Kittur, Michael Borrie, T-Y Lee, Dr Rob Bartha, Sterling Johnson, Sanjay Asthana, Cynthia M Carlsson, Steven G Potkin, Adrian Preda, Dana Nguyen, Pierre Tariot, Anna Burke, Ann Marie Milliken, Nadira Trncic, Adam Fleisher, Stephanie Reeder, Vernice Bates, Horacio Capote, Michelle Rainka, Douglas W Scharre, Maria Kataki, Brendan Kelley, Earl A Zimmerman, Dzintra Celmins, Alice D Brown, Godfrey D Pearlson, Karen Blank, Karen Anderson, Laura A Flashman, Marc Seltzer, Mary L Hynes, Robert B Santulli, Kaycee M Sink, Leslie Gordineer, Jeff D Williamson, Pradeep Garg, Franklin Watkins, Brian R Ott, Geoffrey Tremont, Lori A Daiello, Stephen Salloway, Paul Malloy, Stephen Correia, Howard J Rosen, Bruce L Miller, David Perry, Jacobo Mintzer, Kenneth Spicer, David Bachman, Elizabeth Finger, Stephen Pasternak, Irina Rachinsky, John Rogers, Andrew Kertesz, Dick Drost, Nunzio Pomara, Raymundo Hernando, Antero Sarrael, Susan K Schultz, Karen Ekstam Smith, Hristina Koleva, Ki Won Nam, Hyungsub Shim, Norman Relkin, Gloria Chiang, Michael Lin, Lisa Ravdin, Amanda Smith, Balebail Ashok Raj, Kristin Fargher, Michael W Weiner, Paul Aisen, Michael Weiner, Paul Aisen, Ronald Petersen, Robert C Green, Danielle Harvey, Clifford R Jack, William Jagust, John C Morris, Andrew J Saykin, Leslie M Shaw, Arthur W Toga, John Q Trojanowki, Thomas Neylan, Jordan Grafman, Jordan Grafman, Robert C Green, Tom Montine, Michael Weiner, Ronald Petersen, Paul Aisen, Ronald G Thomas, Michael Donohue, Devon Gessert, Tamie Sather, Melissa Davis, Rosemary Morrison, Gus Jiminez, Thomas Neylan, Jacqueline Hayes, Shannon Finely, Danielle Harvey, Michael Donohue, Clifford R Jack, Matthew Bernstein, Bret Borowski, Jeff Gunter, Matt Senjem, Kejal Kantarci, Chad Ward, William Jagust, Robert A Koeppe, Norm Foster, Eric M Reiman, Kewei Chen, Susan Landau, John C Morris, Nigel J Cairns, Erin Householder, Leslie M Shaw, John Q Trojanowki, Virginia Lee, Magdalena Korecka, Michal Figurski, Arthur W Toga, Karen Crawford, Scott Neu, Andrew J Saykin, Tatiana M Foroud, Steven Potkin, Li Shen, Kelley Faber, Sungeun Kim, Kwangsik Nho, Michael W Weiner, Karl Friedl, Lon S Schneider, Sonia Pawluczyk, Mauricio Becerra, James Brewer, Helen Vanderswag, Yaakov Stern, Lawrence S Honig, Karen L Bell, Debra Fleischman, Konstantinos Arfanakis, Raj C Shah, Ranjan Duara, Daniel Varon, Maria T Greig, Jeffrey R Petrella, Anton P Porsteinsson, Bonnie Goldstein, Kimberly S Martin, Steven G Potkin, Adrian Preda, Dana Nguyen, Jacobo Mintzer, Dino Massoglia, Olga Brawman-Mintzer, Carl Sadowsky, Walter Martinez, Teresa Villena, William Jagust, Susan Landau, Howard Rosen, David Perry, Raymond Scott Turner, Kelly Behan, Brigid Reynolds, Reisa A Sperling, Keith A Johnson, Gad Marshall, Marwan N Sabbagh, Sandra A Jacobson, Sherye A Sirrel, Thomas O Obisesan, Saba Wolday, Joanne Allard, Sterling C Johnson, J Jay Fruehling, Sandra Harding, Elaine R Peskind, Eric C Petrie, Gail Li, Jerome A Yesavage, Joy L Taylor, Ansgar J Furst, Steven Chao, Norman Relkin, Gloria Chiang, Lisa Ravdin, James A Blumenthal, Jorn A Karhausen, Miklos D Kertai, Mihai V Podgoreanu, Mark Stafford-Smith, Madhav Swaminathan, David S Warner, Bonita L Funk, Narai Balajonda, Rachele Brassard, Mary Cooter, Yanne Toulgoat-Dubois, Peter Waweru, Michael A Babyak, James A Blumenthal, Jeffrey N Browndyke, Kathleen A Welsh-Bohmer, Michael H Sketch, Ellen R Bennett, Carmelo Graffagnino, Daniel T Laskowitz, Warren J Strittmatter, Kevin Collins, Greg Smigla, Ian Shearer, Thomas A D'Amico, Mani A Daneshmand, R Jeffrey G Gaca, Donald D Glower, Jack Haney, R David Harpole, Mathew G Hartwig, G Chad Hughes, Jacob A Klapper, Shu S Lin, Andrew J Lodge, Carmelo A Milano, Ryan P Plichta, Jacob N Schroeder, Peter K Smith, Betty C Tong
BACKGROUND: Amyloid deposition is a potential contributor to postoperative cognitive dysfunction. The authors hypothesized that 6-week global cortical amyloid burden, determined by F-florbetapir positron emission tomography, would be greater in those patients manifesting cognitive dysfunction at 6 weeks postoperatively. METHODS: Amyloid deposition was evaluated in cardiac surgical patients at 6 weeks (n = 40) and 1 yr (n = 12); neurocognitive function was assessed at baseline (n = 40), 6 weeks (n = 37), 1 yr (n = 13), and 3 yr (n = 9)...
February 1, 2018: Anesthesiology
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