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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28341696/a-low-frequency-inactivating-akt2-variant-enriched-in-the-finnish-population-is-associated-with-fasting-insulin-levels-and-type-2-diabetes-risk
#1
Alisa Manning, Heather M Highland, Jessica Gasser, Xueling Sim, Taru Tukiainen, Pierre Fontanillas, Niels Grarup, Manuel A Rivas, Anubha Mahajan, Adam E Locke, Pablo Cingolani, Tune H Pers, Ana Viñuela, Andrew A Brown, Ying Wu, Jason Flannick, Christian Fuchsberger, Eric R Gamazon, Kyle J Gaulton, Hae Kyung Im, Tanya M Teslovich, Thomas W Blackwell, Jette Bork-Jensen, Noël P Burtt, Yuhui Chen, Todd Green, Christopher Hartl, Hyun Min Kang, Ashish Kumar, Claes Ladenvall, Clement Ma, Loukas Moutsianas, Richard D Pearson, John R B Perry, N William Rayner, Neil R Robertson, Laura J Scott, Martijn van de Bunt, Johan G Eriksson, Antti Jula, Seppo Koskinen, Terho Lehtimäki, Aarno Palotie, Olli T Raitakari, Suzanne Br Jacobs, Jennifer Wessel, Audrey Y Chu, Robert A Scott, Mark O Goodarzi, Christine Blancher, Gemma Buck, David Buck, Peter S Chines, Stacey Gabriel, Anette P Gjesing, Christopher J Groves, Mette Hollensted, Jeroen R Huyghe, Anne U Jackson, Goo Jun, Johanne Marie Justesen, Massimo Mangino, Jacquelyn Murphy, Matt Neville, Robert Onofrio, Kerrin S Small, Heather M Stringham, Joseph Trakalo, Eric Banks, Jason Carey, Mauricio O Carneiro, Mark DePristo, Yossi Farjoun, Timothy Fennell, Jacqueline I Goldstein, George Grant, Martin Hrabé de Angelis, Jared Maguire, Benjamin M Neale, Ryan Poplin, Shaun Purcell, Thomas Schwarzmayr, Khalid Shakir, Joshua D Smith, Tim M Strom, Thomas Wieland, Jaana Lindstrom, Ivan Brandslund, Cramer Christensen, Gabriela L Surdulescu, Timo A Lakka, Alex S F Doney, Peter Nilsson, Nicholas J Wareham, Claudia Langenberg, Tibor V Varga, Paul W Franks, Olov Rolandsson, Anders H Rosengren, Vidya S Farook, Farook Thameem, Sobha Puppala, Satish Kumar, Donna M Lehman, Christopher P Jenkinson, Joanne E Curran, Daniel Esten Hale, Sharon P Fowler, Rector Arya, Ralph A DeFronzo, Hanna E Abboud, Ann-Christine Syvänen, Pamela J Hicks, Nicholette D Palmer, Maggie C Y Ng, Donald W Bowden, Barry I Freedman, Tõnu Esko, Reedik Mägi, Lili Milani, Evelin Mihailov, Andres Metspalu, Narisu Narisu, Leena Kinnunen, Lori L Bonnycastle, Amy Swift, Dorota Pasko, Andrew R Wood, João Fadista, Toni I Pollin, Nir Barzilai, Gil Atzmon, Benjamin Glaser, Barbara Thorand, Konstantin Strauch, Annette Peters, Michael Roden, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Liming Liang, Jennifer Kriebel, Thomas Illig, Harald Grallert, Christian Gieger, Christa Meisinger, Lars Lannfelt, Solomon K Musani, Michael Griswold, Herman A Taylor, Gregory Wilson, Adolfo Correa, Heikki Oksa, William R Scott, Uzma Afzal, Sian-Tsung Tan, Marie Loh, John C Chambers, Jobanpreet Sehmi, Jaspal Singh Kooner, Benjamin Lehne, Yoon Shin Cho, Jong-Young Lee, Bok-Ghee Han, Annemari Käräjämäki, Qibin Qi, Lu Qi, Jinyan Huang, Frank B Hu, Olle Melander, Marju Orho-Melander, Jennifer E Below, David Aguilar, Tien Yin Wong, Jianjun Liu, Chiea-Chuen Khor, Kee Seng Chia, Wei Yen Lim, Ching-Yu Cheng, Edmund Chan, E Shyong Tai, Tin Aung, Allan Linneberg, Bo Isomaa, Thomas Meitinger, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Liisa Hakaste, Jasmina Kravic, Marit E Jørgensen, Torsten Lauritzen, Panos Deloukas, Kathleen E Stirrups, Katharine R Owen, Andrew J Farmer, Timothy M Frayling, Stephen P O'Rahilly, Mark Walker, Jonathan C Levy, Dylan Hodgkiss, Andrew T Hattersley, Teemu Kuulasmaa, Alena Stančáková, Inês Barroso, Dwaipayan Bharadwaj, Juliana Chan, Giriraj R Chandak, Mark J Daly, Peter J Donnelly, Shah B Ebrahim, Paul Elliott, Tasha Fingerlin, Philippe Froguel, Cheng Hu, Weiping Jia, Ronald C W Ma, Gilean McVean, Taesung Park, Dorairaj Prabhakaran, Manjinder Sandhu, James Scott, Rob Sladek, Nikhil Tandon, Yik Ying Teo, Eleftheria Zeggini, Richard M Watanabe, Heikki A Koistinen, Y Antero Kesaniemi, Matti Uusitupa, Timothy D Spector, Veikko Salomaa, Rainer Rauramaa, Colin N A Palmer, Inga Prokopenko, Andrew D Morris, Richard N Bergman, Francis S Collins, Lars Lind, Erik Ingelsson, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Fredrik Karpe, Leif Groop, Torben Jørgensen, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Johanna Kuusisto, Gonçalo Abecasis, Graeme I Bell, John Blangero, Nancy J Cox, Ravindranath Duggirala, Mark Seielstad, James G Wilson, Josee Dupuis, Samuli Ripatti, Craig L Hanis, Jose C Florez, Karen L Mohlke, James B Meigs, Markku Laakso, Andrew P Morris, Michael Boehnke, David Altshuler, Mark I McCarthy, Anna L Gloyn, Cecilia M Lindgren
To identify novel coding association signals and facilitate characterization of mechanisms influencing glycemic traits and type 2 diabetes risk, we analyzed 109,215 variants derived from exome array genotyping together with an additional 390,225 variants from exome sequence in up to 39,339 normoglycemic individuals from five ancestry groups. We identified a novel association between the coding variant (p.Pro50Thr) in AKT2 and fasting insulin, a gene in which rare fully penetrant mutations are causal for monogenic glycemic disorders...
March 24, 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28314574/apol1-a-case-in-point-for-replacing-race-with-genetics
#2
Girish N Nadkarni, Christina M Wyatt, Barbara Murphy, Michael J Ross
Ethnicity-specific differences in apolipoprotein L1 (APOL1) polymorphisms are associated with racial disparities in kidney transplantation outcomes. APOL1 genotyping may better help define graft outcome risk pre-transplantation; however, more research is needed.
April 2017: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28247526/naltrexone-ameliorates-functional-network-abnormalities-in-alcohol-dependent-individuals
#3
Laurel S Morris, Kwangyeol Baek, Roger Tait, Rebecca Elliott, Karen D Ersche, Remy Flechais, John McGonigle, Anna Murphy, Liam J Nestor, Csaba Orban, Filippo Passetti, Louise M Paterson, Ilan Rabiner, Laurence Reed, Dana Smith, John Suckling, Eleanor M Taylor, Edward T Bullmore, Anne R Lingford-Hughes, Bill Deakin, David J Nutt, Barbara J Sahakian, Trevor W Robbins, Valerie Voon
Naltrexone, an opioid receptor antagonist, is commonly used as a relapse prevention medication in alcohol and opiate addiction, but its efficacy and the mechanisms underpinning its clinical usefulness are not well characterized. In the current study, we examined the effects of 50-mg naltrexone compared with placebo on neural network changes associated with substance dependence in 21 alcohol and 36 poly-drug-dependent individuals compared with 36 healthy volunteers. Graph theoretic and network-based statistical analysis of resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) data revealed that alcohol-dependent subjects had reduced functional connectivity of a dispersed network compared with both poly-drug-dependent and healthy subjects...
February 28, 2017: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207630/clinical-trials-for-immunosuppression-in-transplantation-the-case-for-reform-and-change-in-direction
#4
Philip J O'Connell, Dirk Kuypers, Roslyn R Mannon, Michael Abecassis, Stephen Chadban, John S Gill, Barbara Murphy, Peter W Nickerson, Jesse D Schold, Peter Stock, Daniel Seron, Rita Alloway, Jonathan Bromberg, Klemens Budde, Stanley Jordan, Christophe Legendre, Carmen Lefaucheur, Minnie Sarwall, Dorry Segev, Mark D Stegall, Stefan G Tullius, Germaine Wong, E Steve Woodle, Nancy Ascher, Randall E Morris
Currently trials of immunosuppression in transplantation are in decline because their objectives remain focused on improving acute rejection rates and graft survival in the first 12 months. With 1 year renal graft survival rates of greater than 90% the best that can be hoped for is noninferiority trial outcomes compared to current standard of care. Current trial design is not leading to novel therapies improving long term outcomes and safety, and hence important unmet clinical needs in transplantation remain unanswered...
February 15, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28191589/assessment-of-musculoskeletal-impairment-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#5
Michael K Ghiam, Kyle Mannion, Mary S Dietrich, Kristen L Stevens, Jill Gilbert, Barbara A Murphy
PURPOSE: This study aims to describe the types of musculoskeletal impairment in head and neck cancer survivors and to evaluate objective and subjective measures of musculoskeletal impairment and identify areas of need in future studies. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional pilot study of 29 head and neck cancer patients who were treated with resection and reconstruction. Subjective measures of musculoskeletal impairment (Neck Disability Index, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index, Vanderbilt Head and Neck Symptom Survey, General Symptom Survey) were collected and compared to objective measures (Cervical Range of Motion Device, Inter-incisal Distance)...
February 13, 2017: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28130388/stress-management-training-should-be-an-integral-component-of-cardiac-rehabilitation
#6
Barbara M Murphy
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 27, 2017: Evidence-based Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28107327/oncology-nurse-navigation-results-of-the-2016-role-delineation-study
#7
Barbara G Lubejko, Sonia Bellfield, Elisa Kahn, Carrie Lee, Nicole Peterson, Traudi Rose, Cynthia Miller Murphy, Michele McCorkle
BACKGROUND: In 2011, an oncology nurse navigator (ONN) role delineation survey (RDS) was conducted by the Oncology Nursing Society (ONS) when the role was relatively new to oncology. Results did not demonstrate a unique skill set for the ONN; however, since then, the role has expanded. OBJECTIVES: ONS and the Oncology Nursing Certification Corporation partnered in 2016 to complete an RDS of ONNs to redefine the role and determine the need for an ONN certification examination...
February 1, 2017: Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062570/moving-biomarkers-toward-clinical-implementation-in-kidney-transplantation
#8
Madhav C Menon, Barbara Murphy, Peter S Heeger
Long-term kidney transplant outcomes remain suboptimal, delineating an unmet medical need. Although current immunosuppressive therapy in kidney transplant recipients is effective, dosing is conventionally adjusted empirically on the basis of time after transplant or altered in response to detection of kidney dysfunction, histologic evidence of allograft damage, or infection. Such strategies tend to detect allograft rejection after significant injury has already occurred, fail to detect chronic subclinical inflammation that can negatively affect graft survival, and ignore specific risks and immune mechanisms that differentially contribute to allograft damage among transplant recipients...
March 2017: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051114/novel-therapeutics-identification-for-fibrosis-in-renal-allograft-using-integrative-informatics-approach
#9
Li Li, Ilana Greene, Benjamin Readhead, Madhav C Menon, Brian A Kidd, Andrew V Uzilov, Chengguo Wei, Nimrod Philippe, Bernd Schroppel, John Cijiang He, Rong Chen, Joel T Dudley, Barbara Murphy
Chronic allograft damage, defined by interstitial fibrosis and tubular atrophy (IF/TA), is a leading cause of allograft failure. Few effective therapeutic options are available to prevent the progression of IF/TA. We applied a meta-analysis approach on IF/TA molecular datasets in Gene Expression Omnibus to identify a robust 85-gene signature, which was used for computational drug repurposing analysis. Among the top ranked compounds predicted to be therapeutic for IF/TA were azathioprine, a drug to prevent acute rejection in renal transplantation, and kaempferol and esculetin, two drugs not previously described to have efficacy for IF/TA...
January 4, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029303/e1308-phase-ii-trial-of-induction-chemotherapy-followed-by-reduced-dose-radiation-and-weekly-cetuximab-in-patients-with-hpv-associated-resectable-squamous-cell-carcinoma-of-the-oropharynx-ecog-acrin-cancer-research-group
#10
Shanthi Marur, Shuli Li, Anthony J Cmelak, Maura L Gillison, Weiqiang J Zhao, Robert L Ferris, William H Westra, Jill Gilbert, Julie E Bauman, Lynne I Wagner, David R Trevarthen, Jahagirdar Balkrishna, Barbara A Murphy, Nishant Agrawal, A Dimitrios Colevas, Christine H Chung, Barbara Burtness
Purpose Human papillomavirus (HPV)-associated oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OPSCC) is treatment-responsive. Definitive chemoradiation results in high cure rates but causes long-term toxicity and may represent overtreatment of some patients. This phase II trial evaluated whether complete clinical response (cCR) to induction chemotherapy (IC) could select patients with HPV-associated OPSCC for reduced radiation dose as a means of sparing late sequelae. Methods Patients with HPV16 and/or p16-positive, stage III-IV OPSCC received three cycles of IC with cisplatin, paclitaxel, and cetuximab...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27927780/genomic-analysis-of-kidney-allograft-injury-identifies-hematopoietic-cell-kinase-as-a-key-driver-of-renal-fibrosis
#11
Chengguo Wei, Li Li, Madhav C Menon, Weijia Zhang, Jia Fu, Brian Kidd, Karen L Keung, Christopher Woytovich, Ilana Greene, Wenzhen Xiao, Fadi Salem, Zhengzi Yi, John Cijiang He, Joel T Dudley, Barbara Murphy
Renal fibrosis is the common pathway of progression for patients with CKD and chronic renal allograft injury (CAI), but the underlying mechanisms remain obscure. We performed a meta-analysis in human kidney biopsy specimens with CAI, incorporating data available publicly and from our Genomics of Chronic Renal Allograft Rejection study. We identified an Src family tyrosine kinase, hematopoietic cell kinase (Hck), as upregulated in allografts in CAI. Querying the Kinase Inhibitor Resource database revealed that dasatinib, a Food and Drug Administration-approved drug, potently binds Hck with high selectivity...
December 7, 2016: Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: JASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27917309/deutetrabenazine-in-tics-associated-with-tourette-syndrome
#12
Joseph Jankovic, Joohi Jimenez-Shahed, Cathy Budman, Barbara Coffey, Tanya Murphy, David Shprecher, David Stamler
BACKGROUND: Deutetrabenazine, an inhibitor of vesicular monoamine transporter type 2 (VMAT2) depletes presynaptic dopamine and is useful in the treatment of hyperkinetic movement disorders. This study explored the safety, tolerability, and preliminary efficacy of deutetrabenazine in adolescents with moderate-to-severe tics associated with Tourette syndrome (TS). METHODS: In this open-label study of 12-18-year-old patients with TS-related tics, deutetrabenazine was titrated up to 36 mg/day over 6 weeks to adequately suppress tics without bothersome adverse effects (AEs), followed by maintenance at optimal dose for 2 weeks...
2016: Tremor and Other Hyperkinetic Movements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27790103/a-voxel-based-morphometry-study-reveals-local-brain-structural-alterations-associated-with-ambient-fine-particles-in-older-women
#13
Ramon Casanova, Xinhui Wang, Jeanette Reyes, Yasuyuki Akita, Marc L Serre, William Vizuete, Helena C Chui, Ira Driscoll, Susan M Resnick, Mark A Espeland, Jiu-Chiuan Chen
Objective: Exposure to ambient fine particulate matter (PM2.5: PM with aerodynamic diameters < 2.5 μm) has been linked with cognitive deficits in older adults. Using fine-grained voxel-wise analyses, we examined whether PM2.5 exposure also affects brain structure. Methods: Brain MRI data were obtained from 1365 women (aged 71-89) in the Women's Health Initiative Memory Study and local brain volumes were estimated using RAVENS (regional analysis of volumes in normalized space). Based on geocoded residential locations and air monitoring data from the U...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27766312/insulin-resistance-uncoupled-from-dyslipidemia-due-to-c-terminal-pik3r1-mutations
#14
Isabel Huang-Doran, Patsy Tomlinson, Felicity Payne, Alexandra Gast, Alison Sleigh, William Bottomley, Julie Harris, Allan Daly, Nuno Rocha, Simon Rudge, Jonathan Clark, Albert Kwok, Stefano Romeo, Emma McCann, Barbara Müksch, Mehul Dattani, Stefano Zucchini, Michael Wakelam, Lazaros C Foukas, David B Savage, Rinki Murphy, Stephen O'Rahilly, Inês Barroso, Robert K Semple
Obesity-related insulin resistance is associated with fatty liver, dyslipidemia, and low plasma adiponectin. Insulin resistance due to insulin receptor (INSR) dysfunction is associated with none of these, but when due to dysfunction of the downstream kinase AKT2 phenocopies obesity-related insulin resistance. We report 5 patients with SHORT syndrome and C-terminal mutations in PIK3R1, encoding the p85α/p55α/p50α subunits of PI3K, which act between INSR and AKT in insulin signaling. Four of 5 patients had extreme insulin resistance without dyslipidemia or hepatic steatosis...
October 20, 2016: JCI Insight
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753718/under-reporting-of-risky-drug-use-among-primary-care-patients-in-federally-qualified-health-centers
#15
Curtis Bone, Lilian Gelberg, Mani Vahidi, Barbara Leake, Julia Yacenda-Murphy, Ronald M Andersen
OBJECTIVE: The Affordable Care Act encourages integration of behavioral health into primary care. We aim to estimate the level of under-reporting of drug use in federally qualified health centers (FQHCs) among self-reported risky drug users. METHODS: Adult patients in the waiting rooms of 4 FQHCs who self-reported risky drug use on the screening instrument World Health Organization's Alcohol, Smoking and Substance Involvement Screening Test (score 4-26), who participated in the "Quit Using Drugs Intervention Trial," submitted urine samples for drug testing...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Addiction Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27697275/development-of-the-head-and-neck-cancer-caregiving-task-inventory
#16
Stewart M Bond, Karen Schumacher, Amanda Sherrod, Mary S Dietrich, Nancy Wells, Robert H Lindau, Barbara A Murphy
PURPOSE: Family caregivers provide vital support for patients with head and neck cancer (HNC), yet few studies have focused on HNC caregiving. Our objective was to develop and conduct initial validation of the HNC Caregiving Task Inventory, an instrument to characterize caregiving task burden in the HNC population. METHODS: This 5-phase instrument development project involved the conceptualization of caregiving task burden (Phase 1), initial instrument development (Phase 2), assessment of content validity through expert panel review (Phase 3), assessment of face validity through family caregiver review (Phase 4), and preliminary validation in a sample of 106 family caregivers (Phase 5)...
October 2016: European Journal of Oncology Nursing: the Official Journal of European Oncology Nursing Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27617837/perceived-symptom-experience-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients-with-lymphedema
#17
Jie Deng, Sheila Ridner, Russell Rothman, Barbara Murphy, Kerry Sherman, Lee Moore, Kourtney Hall, Betsy Weiner
BACKGROUND: Lymphedema frequently develops as a long-term effect from cancer and/or its treatment, including head and neck cancer (HNC). There is a substantial lack of understanding regarding the symptoms and experiences related to head and neck lymphedema. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to explore HNC patients' experiences of lymphedema, with emphasis on physical findings and associated symptom burden. DESIGN: This was a qualitative, descriptive study...
December 2016: Journal of Palliative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27600363/acute-naltrexone-does-not-remediate-fronto-striatal-disturbances-in-alcoholic-and-alcoholic-polysubstance-dependent-populations-during-a-monetary-incentive-delay-task
#18
Liam J Nestor, Anna Murphy, John McGonigle, Csaba Orban, Laurence Reed, Eleanor Taylor, Remy Flechais, Louise M Paterson, Dana Smith, Edward T Bullmore, Karen D Ersche, John Suckling, Roger Tait, Rebecca Elliott, Bill Deakin, Ilan Rabiner, Anne Lingford-Hughes, David J Nutt, Barbara Sahakian, Trevor W Robbins
There is a concerted research effort to investigate brain mechanisms underlying addiction processes that may predicate the development of new compounds for treating addiction. One target is the brain's opioid system, because of its role in the reinforcing effects of substances of abuse. Substance-dependent populations have increased numbers of the mu opioid receptor (MOR) in fronto-striatal regions that predict drug relapse, and demonstrate disturbances in these regions during the processing of non-drug rewards...
September 6, 2016: Addiction Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27587788/a-meta-analysis-of-multiple-myeloma-risk-regions-in-african-and-european-ancestry-populations-identifies-putatively-functional-loci
#19
Kristin A Rand, Chi Song, Eric Dean, Daniel J Serie, Karen Curtin, Xin Sheng, Donglei Hu, Carol Ann Huff, Leon Bernal-Mizrachi, Michael H Tomasson, Sikander Ailawadhi, Seema Singhal, Karen Pawlish, Edward S Peters, Cathryn H Bock, Alex Stram, David J Van Den Berg, Christopher K Edlund, David V Conti, Todd Zimmerman, Amie E Hwang, Scott Huntsman, John Graff, Ajay Nooka, Yinfei Kong, Silvana L Pregja, Sonja I Berndt, William J Blot, John Carpten, Graham Casey, Lisa Chu, W Ryan Diver, Victoria L Stevens, Michael R Lieber, Phyllis J Goodman, Anselm J M Hennis, Ann W Hsing, Jayesh Mehta, Rick A Kittles, Suzanne Kolb, Eric A Klein, Cristina Leske, Adam B Murphy, Barbara Nemesure, Christine Neslund-Dudas, Sara S Strom, Ravi Vij, Benjamin A Rybicki, Janet L Stanford, Lisa B Signorello, John S Witte, Christine B Ambrosone, Parveen Bhatti, Esther M John, Leslie Bernstein, Wei Zheng, Andrew F Olshan, Jennifer J Hu, Regina G Ziegler, Sarah J Nyante, Elisa V Bandera, Brenda M Birmann, Sue A Ingles, Michael F Press, Djordje Atanackovic, Martha J Glenn, Lisa A Cannon-Albright, Brandt Jones, Guido Tricot, Thomas G Martin, Shaji K Kumar, Jeffrey L Wolf, Sandra L Deming Halverson, Nathaniel Rothman, Angela R Brooks-Wilson, S Vincent Rajkumar, Laurence N Kolonel, Stephen J Chanock, Susan L Slager, Richard K Severson, Nalini Janakiraman, Howard R Terebelo, Elizabeth E Brown, Anneclaire J De Roos, Ann F Mohrbacher, Graham A Colditz, Graham G Giles, John J Spinelli, Brian C Chiu, Nikhil C Munshi, Kenneth C Anderson, Joan Levy, Jeffrey A Zonder, Robert Z Orlowski, Sagar Lonial, Nicola J Camp, Celine M Vachon, Elad Ziv, Daniel O Stram, Dennis J Hazelett, Christopher A Haiman, Wendy Cozen
BACKGROUND: Genome-wide association studies (GWAS) in European populations have identified genetic risk variants associated with multiple myeloma. METHODS: We performed association testing of common variation in eight regions in 1,318 patients with multiple myeloma and 1,480 controls of European ancestry and 1,305 patients with multiple myeloma and 7,078 controls of African ancestry and conducted a meta-analysis to localize the signals, with epigenetic annotation used to predict functionality...
December 2016: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27573830/captivity-humanizes-the-primate-microbiome
#20
Jonathan B Clayton, Pajau Vangay, Hu Huang, Tonya Ward, Benjamin M Hillmann, Gabriel A Al-Ghalith, Dominic A Travis, Ha Thang Long, Bui Van Tuan, Vo Van Minh, Francis Cabana, Tilo Nadler, Barbara Toddes, Tami Murphy, Kenneth E Glander, Timothy J Johnson, Dan Knights
The primate gastrointestinal tract is home to trillions of bacteria, whose composition is associated with numerous metabolic, autoimmune, and infectious human diseases. Although there is increasing evidence that modern and Westernized societies are associated with dramatic loss of natural human gut microbiome diversity, the causes and consequences of such loss are challenging to study. Here we use nonhuman primates (NHPs) as a model system for studying the effects of emigration and lifestyle disruption on the human gut microbiome...
September 13, 2016: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
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