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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29407606/family-poly-victimization-and-cyberbullying-among-adolescents-in-a-chinese-school-sample
#1
QiQi Chen, Camilla K M Lo, Yuhong Zhu, Anne Cheung, Ko Ling Chan, Patrick Ip
The sustained increase in their use of social networking facilitates the development of adolescents but comes with the risk of cyberbullying, which creates new challenges in regard to adolescent protection. Past evidence shows that family victimization may play an essential role in the way adolescents learn cyberbullying behaviors. Yet, research on the co-occurrence of family victimization and cyberbullying is limited. This study aims to investigate the associations between cyberbullying and family victimization among adolescents, and to examine the health correlates of cyberbullying and family poly-victimization...
February 1, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405891/campus-sexual-assault-climate-surveys-a-brief-exploration-of-publicly-available-reports
#2
Carrie A Moylan, Courtney Hatfieldm, Jenna Randall
OBJECTIVE: Despite popularity of climate surveys as a tool produce accurate data on campus sexual assault, little is known about how campuses are administering these surveys, what they are assessing, and what they are finding. PARTICIPANTS: A sample of 105 campus climate survey reports was located with an internet search during the 2015-2016 academic year. METHODS: Review of climate survey reports assessed the methodology used, such as sampling method, use of incentives and sample size and response rate...
February 6, 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29394919/prevention-of-violent-revictimization-in-depressed-patients-with-an-add-on-internet-based-emotion-regulation-training-iert-study-protocol-for-a-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Carolien Christ, Marleen M de Waal, Digna J F van Schaik, Martijn J Kikkert, Matthijs Blankers, Claudi L H Bockting, Aartjan T F Beekman, Jack J M Dekker
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric patients are at high risk of becoming victim of a violent crime compared to the general population. Although most research has focused on patients with severe mental illness, depressed patients have been demonstrated to be prone to victimization as well. Victimization is associated with more severe symptomatology, decreased quality of life, and high risk of revictimization. Hence, there is a strong need for interventions that focus on preventing violent revictimization...
February 2, 2018: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295016/cyberbullying-among-adolescents-the-influence-of-different-modes-of-inquiry
#4
Sandra Brochado, Sílvia Fraga, Sara Soares, Elisabete Ramos, Henrique Barros
The use of different modes of inquiry about interpersonal violence experiences may result in different frequency estimates. Thus, we measured the frequency and identified the factors associated with cyberbullying among urban school-going adolescents using different tools. Participants were enrolled at the four largest public schools in Porto for seventh- to 12th-grade students and were evaluated during the 2014-2015 academic year. We studied 2,624 adolescents (1,186 males and 1,438 females), 60% of all eligible students...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294894/cyberbullying-victimization-as-a-predictor-of-cyberbullying-perpetration-body-image-dissatisfaction-healthy-eating-and-dieting-behaviors-and-life-satisfaction
#5
Leslie Ramos Salazar
Cyberbullying victimization and perpetration continues to be a serious public health, criminal justice, victimology, and educational problem in middle schools in the United States. Adolescents are at a higher risk of experiencing cyberbullying as a victim and/or as a bully given the frequency of their use of the Internet via social networking sites such as Facebook and mobile devices such as cell phones and tablets. To address this important problem, the purpose of this investigation was to examine cyberbullying victimization through communication technology as a predictor of cyberbullying perpetration, body image, healthy eating and dieting behaviors, and life satisfaction of sixth-, seventh-, and eighth-grade-level middle school students...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294827/internet-facilitated-rape-a-multivariate-model-of-offense-behavior
#6
Louise Almond, Michelle Ann McManus, Hannah Chatterton
Recent statistics report a significant increase in individuals reporting they have been raped by a stranger whom they have met through the Internet (Internet facilitated rape [IFR]). Previous literature has primarily focused on child victims; hence, the overriding aim of this study is to further our understanding of IFR in terms of crime scene behavior. One hundred forty-four IFR cases and two comparative samples of age-matched stranger rapists (confidence approach and surprise approach) were coded for 38 crime scene behaviors...
July 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095040/prevalence-and-risk-factors-among-minors-for-online-sexual-solicitations-and-interactions-with-adults
#7
Patricia de Santisteban, Manuel Gámez-Guadix
The research on online child sexual victimization has mainly focused on the sexual solicitation of minors (i.e., sexual requests by an adult), with scarce information available on sexual interactions (e.g., cybersex or meeting in person) in which a minor is exploited by an adult. In the present study, we analyzed the prevalence and risk factors associated with both sexual solicitations and interactions of minors with adults. The sample included 2,731 minors between 12 and 15 years old (50.6% female). The minors completed several self-report questionnaires about sexual solicitations and interactions with adults, including possible risk factors (e...
November 2, 2017: Journal of Sex Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29061413/aggression-in-schools-cyberbullying-and-gender-issues
#8
Drishti Sharma, Jugal Kishore, Nandini Sharma, Mona Duggal
Due to increasing internet and mobile penetration, children in India are at risk of cyberbullying. A survey of 174 middle graders in Delhi showed that, of total, 8% indulged in cyberbullying and 17% reported being victimized by such acts. However, prevalence of in-person bullying, fighting and victimization by either was 16%, 12% and 17% respectively. Males were more likely to bully and fight in-person than females. They were also more likely to be victims of both online and offline aggression. Interwoven modes of bullying along with safe use of technology need to be understood...
October 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048938/cybercrime-victimization-and-subjective-well-being-an-examination-of-the-buffering-effect-hypothesis-among-adolescents-and-young-adults
#9
Markus Kaakinen, Teo Keipi, Pekka Räsänen, Atte Oksanen
The wealth of beneficial tools for online interaction, consumption, and access to others also bring new risks for harmful experiences online. This study examines the association between cybercrime victimization and subjective well-being (SWB) and, based on the buffering effect hypothesis, tests the assumption of the protective function of social belonging in cybercrime victimization. Cross-national data from the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and Finland (N = 3,557; Internet users aged 15-30 years; 49...
October 19, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036900/toward-a-robust-security-paradigm-for-bluetooth-low-energy-based-smart-objects-in-the-internet-of-things
#10
Shi-Cho Cha, Kuo-Hui Yeh, Jyun-Fu Chen
Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) has emerged as one of the most promising technologies to enable the Internet-of-Things (IoT) paradigm. In BLE-based IoT applications, e.g., wearables-oriented service applications, the Bluetooth MAC addresses of devices will be swapped for device pairings. The random address technique is adopted to prevent malicious users from tracking the victim's devices with stationary Bluetooth MAC addresses and accordingly the device privacy can be preserved. However, there exists a tradeoff between privacy and security in the random address technique...
October 14, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28981466/negative-peer-relationships-on-piracy-behavior-a-cross-sectional-study-of-the-associations-between-cyberbullying-involvement-and-digital-piracy
#11
Santiago Yubero, Elisa Larrañaga, Beatriz Villora, Raúl Navarro
The present study examines the relationship between different roles in cyberbullying behaviors (cyberbullies, cybervictims, cyberbullies-victims, and uninvolved) and self-reported digital piracy. In a region of central Spain, 643 (49.3% females, 50.7% males) students (grades 7-10) completed a number of self-reported measures, including cyberbullying victimization and perpetration, self-reported digital piracy, ethical considerations of digital piracy, time spent on the Internet, and leisure activities related with digital content...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28975231/death-and-cardiac-arrest-in-u-s-triathlon-participants-1985-to-2016-a-case-series
#12
Kevin M Harris, Lawrence L Creswell, Tammy S Haas, Taylor Thomas, Monica Tung, Erin Isaacson, Ross F Garberich, Barry J Maron
Background: Reports of race-related triathlon fatalities have raised questions regarding athlete safety. Objective: To describe death and cardiac arrest among triathlon participants. Design: Case series. Setting: United States. Participants: Participants in U.S. triathlon races from 1985 to 2016. Measurements: Data on deaths and cardiac arrests were assembled from such sources as the U...
October 17, 2017: Annals of Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810934/does-cyberbullying-prevalence-among-adolescents-relate-with-country-socioeconomic-and-development-indicators-an-ecological-study-of-31-countries
#13
Sara Soares, Sandra Brochado, Henrique Barros, Sílvia Fraga
BACKGROUND: In addition to individual characteristics, it is also important to evaluate how the environment may influence the dynamics of cyberbullying. We aim to study the correlation between cyberbullying prevalence among adolescents and selected country-level indicators. METHODS: We used two different data sources: data from a previously published literature review, to identify information on cyberbullying prevalence across countries, and data from the World Bank databases, to extract information on country-level indicators...
October 1, 2017: Violence and Victims
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28781898/suicide-by-ingestion-of-caffeine
#14
Frédéric Aknouche, Emilie Guibert, Alison Tessier, Aude Eibel, Pascal Kintz
BACKGROUND: Mr K, aged 48, was found sweating by his partner at home at 11.50 pm. He claimed to have attempted suicide. She immediately called the Emergency Unit to ask for support. At the phone, the physician on duty indicated her to give a pill of Lysanxia (prazepam) to decrease the level of stress of the victim. However, the clinical situation worsened and he was taken to the hospital at 1.00 am. At his arrival at 1.28 am he was in cardiac arrest. Despite intensive resuscitation manoeuvres, death was pronounced at 2...
2017: Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771645/opportunity-for-collaboration-between-radiation-injury-treatment-network-centers-and-medical-toxicology-specialists
#15
Elizabeth Davlantes, Samuel Shartar, Jennifer Venero, Alaina Steck, Amelia Langston, Ziad N Kazzi
OBJECTIVES: The Radiation Injury Treatment Network (RITN) comprises >50 centers across the United States that are poised to care for victims of a radiation emergency. The network is organized around bone marrow transplant centers because these facilities excel in both radiation medicine and the care of patients with severe bone marrow depression. A radiation emergency may cause not only irradiation from an external source but also internal contamination with radioactive material. Because medical toxicologists are trained in radiation injury management and have expertise in the management of internal contamination, RITN centers may benefit from partnerships with medical toxicology resources, which may be located at academic medical centers, hospital inpatient clinical services, outpatient clinics, or poison control centers...
August 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28766877/munchausen-by-proxy-a-qualitative-investigation-into-online-perceptions-of-medical-child-abuse
#16
Anoushka P A Anderson, Marc D Feldman, Joanne Bryce
In Munchausen by proxy (MBP) maltreatment, increasingly termed "medical child abuse" (MCA), a caregiver fabricates or induces illness in another. The perpetrator's goal for the behavior is to meet personal emotional needs by forcing unnecessary or misguided medical or psychological treatment. Generally, a mother is the perpetrator and her child is the victim. There is a serious lack of research into most aspects of MCA, and this study is the first to utilize the anonymity of an Internet forum to investigate victims' first-hand experiences of, and the public's opinions about, suspected and confirmed MCA...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715937/offense-processes-of-online-sexual-grooming-and-abuse-of-children-via-internet-communication-platforms
#17
Juliane A Kloess, Catherine E Hamilton-Giachritsis, Anthony R Beech
The aim of the present study was to provide an inclusive and realistic account of the offense processes of naturally occurring, sexually exploitative interactions between offenders and victims that took place via Internet communication platforms, and develop an offense process diagram of online sexual grooming and abuse. Five case series, comprising 29 transcripts of 22 interactions, were analyzed using the qualitative approach of thematic analysis. Police reports were reviewed for descriptive and case-specific information...
July 1, 2017: Sexual Abuse: a Journal of Research and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657785/cyber-dependent-crime-victimization-the-same-risk-for-everyone
#18
Marie Christine Bergmann, Arne Dreißigacker, Bennet von Skarczinski, Gina Rosa Wollinger
The Internet has simplified daily life activities. However, besides its comfortability, the Internet also presents the risk of victimization by several kinds of crimes. The present article addresses the question of which factors influence cyber-dependent crime and how they vary between three kinds of cyber-dependent offences: malware infection, ransomware infection, and misuse of personal data. According to the Routine Activity Approach, it is assumed that crime is determined by a motivated offender, the behavior of the Internet user, and the existence of prevention factors...
June 28, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28657776/correlates-of-mono-and-dual-victims-of-cybergrooming-and-cyberbullying-evidence-from-four-countries
#19
Sebastian Wachs, Helen C Whittle, Catherine Hamilton-Giachritsis, Karsten D Wolf, Alexander T Vazsonyi, Marianne Junger
Today's adolescents grow up using information and communication technologies as an integral part of their everyday life. This affords them with extensive opportunities, but also exposes them to online risks, such as cybergrooming and cyberbullying victimization. The aims of this study were to investigate correlates of cybergrooming and cyberbullying victimization and examine whether victims of both cybergrooming and cyberbullying (dual-cybervictims) show higher involvement in compulsive Internet use (CIU) and troubled offline behavior (TOB) compared to victims of either cybergrooming or cyberbullying (mono-cybervictims)...
June 28, 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599118/sensory-metrics-of-neuromechanical-trust
#20
William Softky, Criscillia Benford
Today digital sources supply a historically unprecedented component of human sensorimotor data, the consumption of which is correlated with poorly understood maladies such as Internet addiction disorder and Internet gaming disorder. Because both natural and digital sensorimotor data share common mathematical descriptions, one can quantify our informational sensorimotor needs using the signal processing metrics of entropy, noise, dimensionality, continuity, latency, and bandwidth. Such metrics describe in neutral terms the informational diet human brains require to self-calibrate, allowing individuals to maintain trusting relationships...
September 2017: Neural Computation
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