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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831829/dynamic-change-of-aggressive-behavior-and-victimization-among-adolescents-effectiveness-of-the-visc-program
#1
Takuya Yanagida, Dagmar Strohmeier, Christiane Spiel
The present study reports a high-quality evaluation of the ViSC Social Competence Program, which was implemented large scale in Austria. A rigorous test of program effectiveness has been performed to investigate the dynamic change of aggressive behavior and victimization and to ensure a high level of statistical conclusion validity. A cluster randomized control study was applied to examine program effectiveness regarding aggressive behavior and victimization. In sum, 1,377 adolescents (48.5% girls, Mage = 11...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827931/a-methodological-approach-for-assessing-amplified-reflection-distributed-denial-of-service-on-the-internet-of-things
#2
João José Costa Gondim, Robson de Oliveira Albuquerque, Anderson Clayton Alves Nascimento, Luis Javier García Villalba, Tai-Hoon Kim
Concerns about security on Internet of Things (IoT) cover data privacy and integrity, access control, and availability. IoT abuse in distributed denial of service attacks is a major issue, as typical IoT devices' limited computing, communications, and power resources are prioritized in implementing functionality rather than security features. Incidents involving attacks have been reported, but without clear characterization and evaluation of threats and impacts. The main purpose of this work is to methodically assess the possible impacts of a specific class-amplified reflection distributed denial of service attacks (AR-DDoS)-against IoT...
November 4, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810585/violence-towards-women-is-a-public-health-problem
#3
REVIEW
Ramazan Tetikcok, Erdal Ozer, Lutfullah Cakir, Ozgur Enginyurt, M Dogan İscanli, Soner Cankaya, Filiz Ozer
BACKGROUND: Violence within the family is a significant health problem which threatens the health of the community. The global rates of domestic violence directed at women have been reported as 10%-69% and in Turkey as 25%-30%. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of our study were obtained from the database of the official internet website of the Turkish Statistics Institute as the data related to violence between 2007 and 2012. In the evaluation of the data, SPSS 11...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774682/evaluation-of-a-prison-occupational-therapy-informal-education-program-a-pilot-study
#4
Jeffrey L Crabtree, David Ohm, Jarrod M Wall, Joseph Ray
This pilot study explored the strengths and weaknesses of an informal education program and identified elements of the program valued by participants. Participants were men living in a minimum security prison who had been incarcerated for ten or more years. The outside researcher was joined by three former program participants as co-researchers. Together, they interviewed 27 residents who completed the informal education program. Interviews were transcribed and de-identified. Researchers used the summative content analysis approach to analyze the data...
December 2016: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730668/public-figure-attacks-in-the-united-states-1995-2015
#5
J Reid Meloy, Molly Amman
An archival descriptive study of public figure attackers in the United States between 1995 and 2015 was undertaken. Fifty-six incidents were identified, primarily through exhaustive internet searches, composed of 58 attackers and 58 victims. A code book was developed which focused upon victims, offenders, pre-attack behaviors including direct threats, attack characteristics, post-offense and other outcomes, motivations and psychological abstracts. The average interrater agreement for coding of bivariate variables was 0...
September 2016: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646611/review-of-the-international-council-of-nurses-icn-framework-of-disaster-nursing-competencies
#6
Alison Hutton, Tener Goodwin Veenema, Kristine Gebbie
The International Council of Nurses (ICN; Geneva, Switzerland) and the World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM; Madison, Wisconsin USA) joined together in 2014 to review the use of the ICN Framework of Disaster Nursing Competencies. The existing ICN Framework (version 1.10; dated 2009) formed the starting point for this review. The key target audiences for this process were members of the disaster nursing community concerned with pre-service education for professional nursing and the continuing education of practicing professional nurses...
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644870/revenge-pornography-mental-health-implications-and-related-legislation
#7
Mudasir Kamal, William J Newman
Revenge pornography, also known as nonconsensual pornography, is a subtype of cyberharassment/cyberstalking, and a serious problem facing society in the Internet age. Revenge pornography can result in lifelong mental health consequences for victims, damaged relationships, and social isolation. Recently, a growing number of states have recognized the importance of this phenomenon and have enacted legislation that criminalizes it. The technology industry has also taken steps to assist victims of revenge pornography by creating web forms to request removal of links leading to the explicit content...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644865/new-technologies-new-problems-new-laws
#8
Patricia R Recupero
Forensic psychiatrists in the 21st century can expect to encounter technology-related social problems for which existing legal remedies are limited. In addition to the inadequate protection of adolescents using social media as outlined by Costello et al., current laws are often poorly suited to remedy problems such as cyberharassment, sexting among minors, and the publication of threatening or harmful communications online. Throughout history, technological developments have often preceded the introduction of new laws or the careful revision of existing laws...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459237/stimulating-influenza-vaccination-via-prosocial-motives
#9
Meng Li, Eric G Taylor, Katherine E Atkins, Gretchen B Chapman, Alison P Galvani
OBJECTIVE: Americans do not vaccinate nearly enough against Influenza (flu) infection, despite severe health and economic burden of influenza. Younger people are disproportionately responsible for transmission, but do not suffer severely from the flu. Thus, to achieve herd immunity, prosocial motivation needs to be a partial driver of vaccination decisions. Past research has not established the causal role of prosociality in flu vaccination, and the current research evaluates such causal relationship by experimentally eliciting prosociality through messages about flu victims...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27448043/adolescents-viewing-of-suicide-related-web-content-and-psychological-problems-differentiating-the-roles-of-cyberbullying-involvement
#10
Anke Görzig
Possible links of cyberbullying with suicide and psychological problems have recently received considerable attention. Suicide-related behaviors have also been linked with viewing of associated web content. Studies on traditional bullying indicate that the roles of bullying involvement (bullies, victims, and bully-victims) matter in terms of associations with specific suicide-related behaviors and psychological problems. Yet, related research in the area of cyberbullying is lacking. The current study investigates the association of cyberbullying roles with viewing of specific suicide-related web content and psychological problems...
August 2016: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27441787/proeating-disorder-websites-and-subjective-well-being-a-four-country-study-on-young-people
#11
Tuuli Turja, Atte Oksanen, Markus Kaakinen, Anu Sirola, Riittakerttu Kaltiala-Heino, Pekka Räsänen
OBJECTIVE: Proeating disorder (pro-ED) communities online encourage harmful weight-loss and weight-control practices. This study examined the association between exposure to pro-ED content online and subjective well-being (SWB) among adolescents and young adults in four countries. METHOD: Cross-national data were collected in the US, Germany, the UK and Finland from Internet users aged 15-30 years (N = 3,557; 50.15% male). The questionnaire assessed SWB, exposure to harm-advocating websites, online activity, prior victimization, and social belonging...
July 21, 2016: International Journal of Eating Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27391950/the-role-of-parental-mediation-and-peer-norms-on-the-likelihood-of-cyberbullying
#12
Hagit Sasson, Gustavo Mesch
Cyberbullying is a disturbing behavior associated with the use of communication technologies among adolescents. Many studies have been devoted to the activities of cyber victims as risk factors, while others have considered parental mediation a protective factor. However, there is a paucity of studies investigating the joint contribution of parental mediation, peer norms and risky online activities to the likelihood of being bullied on the Internet. To fill this gap, we conducted a study among a representative sample of 495 sixth to eleventh grade adolescents...
July 8, 2016: Journal of Genetic Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27344164/understanding-patterns-of-intimate-partner-abuse-in-male-male-male-female-and-female-female-couples
#13
Alexandru Gaman, Scot McAfee, Peter Homel, Theresa Jacob
Intimate Partner Abuse (IPA), a major social problem, can lead to mental health conditions and is implicated in 30 % of female and 5 % of male homicide deaths. We hypothesized that due to distinct relationship structures and power dynamics which are immersed in varying sociocultural contexts, victims of male-male, female-female and female-male dyads experience different patterns of IPA. Our objectives were: (1) To examine the demographic and clinical characteristics of victims of male victim-male abuser (M-M), female victim-male abuser (F-M), male victim-female abuser (M-F), and female victim-female abuser (F-F) dyads...
June 25, 2016: Psychiatric Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27278566/analysis-of-internet-suicide-pacts-reported-by-the-media-in-mainland-china
#14
Fang-Fan Jiang, Hui-Lan Xu, Hui-Ying Liao, Ting Zhang
BACKGROUND: In mainland China, frequent Internet suicide pacts in recent years have raised strong concerns from several social sectors and the influence of social networks on suicide is constantly growing. AIMS: To identify the epidemiological characteristics of media-reported Internet suicide pacts in mainland China. METHOD: Our study comprised 62 Internet suicide pacts involving 159 victims in mainland China before June 1, 2015. Kendall's randomness test, a trend test, and a circular distribution test were applied to identify the rising or concentrated trends in the time of occurrence of Internet suicide pacts...
June 9, 2016: Crisis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27235591/a-case-of-acute-intoxication-due-to-combined-use-of-fentanyl-and-3-4-dichloro-n-2-dimethylamino-cyclohexyl-n-methylbenzamide-u-47700
#15
Vera Coopman, Peter Blanckaert, Geert Van Parys, Serge Van Calenbergh, Jan Cordonnier
A 30-year old man was found dead in his home after inhaling fumes of a powder burned on aluminum foil. Blood and urine were taken by the medical examiner during the external body examination and submitted to the laboratory for a comprehensive systematic toxicological analysis. A toxic fentanyl level of 10.9μg/L was measured in the subclavian blood. Police investigation revealed that the man searched the internet for information on new psychotropic substances, among others including U-47700. A powder found in the victims' home was transferred to the laboratory for analysis, in which trace amounts of fentanyl (0...
September 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27208999/-factors-associated-with-suicide-attempts-by-sexual-minorities-results-from-the-2011-gay-and-lesbian-survey
#16
L-M Paget, C Chan Chee, C Sauvage, L Saboni, N Beltzer, A Velter
BACKGROUND: Since the 1990s, several studies have found higher rates of suicide attempts in homosexuals and bisexuals than in heterosexuals. The current challenge is to identify risk factors for targeting prevention. The aim of this paper was to determine, for the first time in France, the prevalence of suicide attempts over a 12-month period and associated factors in a population of men and women who self-identified as homosexuals or bisexuals. METHODS: A convenience sample cross-sectional survey was conducted in 2011 using an anonymous self-administered questionnaire made available in the gay press, and Internet sites targeting the gay or lesbian community...
June 2016: Revue D'épidémiologie et de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27161388/the-medical-response-to-the-boston-marathon-bombings-an-analysis-of-social-media-commentary-and-professional-opinion
#17
Emilie Côté, Russell Hearn
OBJECTIVES: To explore the differences in perception of the medical response to the victims of the 2013 Boston Marathon bombings between laypeople and healthcare professionals. METHODS: Commentary accessible and available on Internet discussion websites by non-medically trained persons and in the academic literature by healthcare professionals was analysed qualitatively. RESULTS: Major themes were found relating to both the pre-hospital and hospital-based phases of the medical response to the disaster...
May 9, 2016: Perspectives in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27138479/workplace-violence-experienced-by-nursing-students-a-uk-survey
#18
Stephen Tee, Yeter Sinem Üzar Özçetin, Michele Russell-Westhead
AIMS: To appreciate the nature and scope of workplace violence amongst a sample of the UK nursing student population during clinical placement and to recommend strategies universities can implement to successfully manage the impact. BACKGROUND: Workplace violence is defined as a violent act(s) directed toward workers and can include physical, psychological or verbal behaviour. It is prevalent in nursing and causes victims work-based stress that can affect not only the individual but also the quality of care...
June 2016: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27122434/somnophilia-and-sexual-abuse-using-vaginal-administration-of-triazolam
#19
Hannu Lauerma
Somnophilia is a rare paraphilia, a form of sexual fetishism which is characterized by the desire to have sex with an unconscious human object who is unable to respond. To the author's knowledge, this is the first case study concerning somnophilic sexual abuse associated with vaginal administration of triazolam. The perpetrator video-recorded his sexual acts with two unconscious female victims with whom he also had normal sexual intercourse and who were unaware of his paraphilic activities. His Internet conversations with other persons whom he thought to be interested in somnophilic sex and his plans to kidnap a child were recorded by the police...
May 2016: Journal of Forensic Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27112507/the-mediator-role-of-early-maladaptive-schemas-between-childhood-sexual-abuse-and-impulsive-symptoms-in-female-survivors-of-csa
#20
Ana Estévez, Nagore Ozerinjauregi, David Herrero-Fernández, Paula Jauregui
Child abuse is a traumatic experience that may have psychological consequences such as dysfunctional beliefs. The aim of this study was to analyze the impulsive behaviors (alcohol abuse, gambling, drug abuse, eating disorders, Internet abuse, videogame abuse, shopping and sex addiction) in sexual abuse survivors and to study the mediating role of early maladaptive schemas in the appearance of impulsive behaviors in adult female victims. The sample consisted of 182 adult women who had suffered childhood sexual abuse (CSA), mostly referred by associations for the treatment of childhood abuse and maltreatment...
April 24, 2016: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
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