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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28599118/sensory-metrics-of-neuromechanical-trust
#1
William Softky, Criscillia Benford
Today digital sources supply a historically unprecedented component of human sensorimotor data, the consumption of which is correlated with poorly understood maladies such as Internet addiction disorder and Internet gaming disorder. Because both natural and digital sensorimotor data share common mathematical descriptions, one can quantify our informational sensorimotor needs using the signal processing metrics of entropy, noise, dimensionality, continuity, latency, and bandwidth. Such metrics describe in neutral terms the informational diet human brains require to self-calibrate, allowing individuals to maintain trusting relationships...
June 9, 2017: Neural Computation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559870/visual-representations-of-sexual-violence-in-online-news-outlets
#2
Sandra Schwark
To study visual representations of sexual violence, photographs accompanying German Internet news articles that appeared between January 2013 and March 2015 (N = 42) were subjected to thematic analysis. Two main themes, consisting of several sub-themes, emerged from the data. The first theme was "rape myths," illustrating a stereotypical view of sexual violence. It consisted of three sub-themes: "beauty standards," referring to the fact that all women in our sample fit western beauty standards, "physical violence," as most images implied some form of physical violence, and finally "location," suggesting that rape only happens in secluded outdoor areas...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539957/the-relationship-of-sexual-abuse-with-self-esteem-depression-and-problematic-internet-use-in-korean-adolescents
#3
Bung-Nyun Kim, Subin Park, Min-Hyeon Park
The association of sexual victimization with self-esteem, depression, and problematic internet use was examined in Korean adolescents. A total of 695 middle and high school students were recruited (413 boys, 282 girls, mean age, 14.06±1.37 years). The participants were administered the Early Trauma Inventory Self Report-Short Form (ETISR-SF), Rosenberg's Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), the Children's Depression Inventory (CDI), and Young's Internet Addiction Test (IAT). The associations between sexual abuse and the level of self-esteem, depressive symptoms, and problematic internet use were analyzed...
May 2017: Psychiatry Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28514981/essential-lessons-in-a-potential-sarin-attack-disaster-plan-for-a-resource-constrained-environment
#4
Matthew John Watermeyer, Nicole Dippenaar, Nelly Clotildea Tchouambou Simo, Sean Buchanan, Abdullah Ebrahim Laher
Sarin is a potent nerve agent chemical weapon that was originally designed for military purposes as a fast-acting anti-personnel weapon that would kill or disable large numbers of enemy troops. Its potent toxicity, ease of deployment, and rapid degradation allow for rapid deployment by an attacking force, who can safely enter the area of deployment a short while after its release. Sarin has been produced and stockpiled by a number of countries, and large quantities of it still exist despite collective agreements to cease manufacture and destroy stockpiles...
May 18, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28432846/pathological-internet-use-cyberbullying-and-mobile-phone-use-in-adolescence-a-school-based-study-in-greece
#5
Zoi Tsimtsiou, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Anastasios Drontsos, Fotini Dantsi, Zafiria Sekeri, Evangelos Drosos, Nikolaos Trikilis, Theodoros Dardavesis, Panagiotis Nanos, Malamatenia Arvanitidou
Purpose This study investigated the prevalence of Internet addiction (IA) and cyberbullying and examined profiles of adolescents with increased risk to develop pathological behaviors. Methods In this cross-sectional, school-based study, 8053 students of 30 middle and 21 high schools (12-18 years old) were invited to participate, based on a multistage stratified random sampling technique. The Internet aiddiction test (IAT) was used along with information on socio-demographics, Internet activities and cyberbullying experience...
April 22, 2017: International Journal of Adolescent Medicine and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28399089/-the-topical-problems-of-the-application-of-the-taser-electroshock-devices
#6
I V Kondratova, K Yu Kulinkovich
The objective of the present study was the analysis of publications in the foreign medical literature concerning the problems of safety, clinical diagnostics, pathological morphology, and treatment of the patients subjected to the impact by various models of the TASER electroshock devices. The materials for this article were borrowed from the available Internet resources and libraries. The methods of scientific analysis were employed to follow up the dynamics of publication and to determine the number of publications on the issues of interest...
2017: Sudebno-meditsinskaia Ekspertiza
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397175/detecting-hijacked-journals-by-using-classification-algorithms
#7
Mona Andoohgin Shahri, Mohammad Davarpanah Jazi, Glenn Borchardt, Mehdi Dadkhah
Invalid journals are recent challenges in the academic world and many researchers are unacquainted with the phenomenon. The number of victims appears to be accelerating. Researchers might be suspicious of predatory journals because they have unfamiliar names, but hijacked journals are imitations of well-known, reputable journals whose websites have been hijacked. Hijacked journals issue calls for papers via generally laudatory emails that delude researchers into paying exorbitant page charges for publication in a nonexistent journal...
April 10, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28395194/neuroticism-as-a-risk-factor-for-child-abuse-in-victims-of-childhood-sexual-abuse
#8
Coralie Boillat, Nathalie Schwab, Matthias Stutz, Marlon O Pflueger, Marc Graf, Timm Rosburg
Findings on the relationship of experienced sexual abuse and abuse behavior in adulthood are ambiguous. However, associations between experienced abuse and neuroticism as well as between neuroticism and active child abuse have been reported repeatedly. In our study, we compared pedosexual child abusers with consumers of internet child pornography and control subjects with adult-sexual preference with regard to traumatic childhood experience (Childhood Trauma Questionnaire, CTQ), personality traits (NEO - Personality Inventory - Revised, NEO-PI-R), and sexual abnormalities (Multiphasic Sex Inventory, MSI)...
April 7, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28148338/psychological-correlates-of-civilian-preparedness-for-conflicts
#9
Moran Bodas, Maya Siman-Tov, Shulamith Kreitler, Kobi Peleg
OBJECTIVES: Preparedness for emergencies and disasters is imperative for public resilience. Previous studies have revealed low levels of civilian preparedness for conflicts. Classic behavioral models prove inapt in describing preparedness patterns in victimized populations chronically exposed to this threat. In an effort to expand this perspective, we hypothesized that other psychological constructs are correlated with preparedness. METHODS: A cross-sectional, Internet-based study was performed in Israel in early 2016...
February 2, 2017: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080133/associations-between-internet-attachment-cyber-victimization-and-internalizing-symptoms-among-adolescents
#10
Brett Holfeld, Paweena Sukhawathanakul
With increasing frequency of Internet use among adolescents, there are growing concerns about their risk for becoming attached to these forms of communication and increased vulnerability for negative online experiences, including cyber victimization. The effect of these experiences on adolescent mental health is not well understood. In this study, we examine how Internet attachment is related to anxiety and depression and assess the mediating effect of cyber victimization on these associations. Participants included 1,151 middle school students (51...
February 2017: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931891/a-systematic-review-of-anxiety-prevalence-in-adults-within-primary-care-and-community-settings-in-malaysia
#11
REVIEW
Chin Hoong Wong, Zia U Bakt Sultan Shah, Cheong Lieng Teng, Tzi Quen Lin, Zainab Abdul Majeed, Chun Wai Chan
BACKGROUND: Anxiety disorders are common mental health disorders with significant impact on the individual as well as burden on the country as a whole. METHODS: A systematic review of databases, reference lists, internet sources, and input from content experts revealed 42 studies that documented the prevalence of anxiety symptoms or disorders. 12 of these studies specifically evaluated anxiety disorders. RESULTS: 4 studies looked at the prevalence of anxiety disorders in the general population, whilst the remainder focused on selected population groups: university students (4 studies); substance abuse (3 studies); and victims of abuse (1 study)...
December 2016: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831829/dynamic-change-of-aggressive-behavior-and-victimization-among-adolescents-effectiveness-of-the-visc-program
#12
Takuya Yanagida, Dagmar Strohmeier, Christiane Spiel
The present study reports a high-quality evaluation of the ViSC Social Competence Program, which was implemented large scale in Austria. A rigorous test of program effectiveness has been performed to investigate the dynamic change of aggressive behavior and victimization and to ensure a high level of statistical conclusion validity. A cluster randomized control study was applied to examine program effectiveness regarding aggressive behavior and victimization. In sum, 1,377 adolescents (48.5% girls, Mage = 11...
November 10, 2016: Journal of Clinical Child and Adolescent Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27827931/a-methodological-approach-for-assessing-amplified-reflection-distributed-denial-of-service-on-the-internet-of-things
#13
João José Costa Gondim, Robson de Oliveira Albuquerque, Anderson Clayton Alves Nascimento, Luis Javier García Villalba, Tai-Hoon Kim
Concerns about security on Internet of Things (IoT) cover data privacy and integrity, access control, and availability. IoT abuse in distributed denial of service attacks is a major issue, as typical IoT devices' limited computing, communications, and power resources are prioritized in implementing functionality rather than security features. Incidents involving attacks have been reported, but without clear characterization and evaluation of threats and impacts. The main purpose of this work is to methodically assess the possible impacts of a specific class-amplified reflection distributed denial of service attacks (AR-DDoS)-against IoT...
November 4, 2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27810585/violence-towards-women-is-a-public-health-problem
#14
Ramazan Tetikcok, Erdal Ozer, Lutfullah Cakir, Ozgur Enginyurt, M Dogan İscanli, Soner Cankaya, Filiz Ozer
BACKGROUND: Violence within the family is a significant health problem which threatens the health of the community. The global rates of domestic violence directed at women have been reported as 10%-69% and in Turkey as 25%-30%. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The data of our study were obtained from the database of the official internet website of the Turkish Statistics Institute as the data related to violence between 2007 and 2012. In the evaluation of the data, SPSS 11...
November 2016: Journal of Forensic and Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27774682/evaluation-of-a-prison-occupational-therapy-informal-education-program-a-pilot-study
#15
Jeffrey L Crabtree, David Ohm, Jarrod M Wall, Joseph Ray
This pilot study explored the strengths and weaknesses of an informal education program and identified elements of the program valued by participants. Participants were men living in a minimum security prison who had been incarcerated for ten or more years. The outside researcher was joined by three former program participants as co-researchers. Together, they interviewed 27 residents who completed the informal education program. Interviews were transcribed and de-identified. Researchers used the summative content analysis approach to analyze the data...
December 2016: Occupational Therapy International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730668/public-figure-attacks-in-the-united-states-1995-2015
#16
J Reid Meloy, Molly Amman
An archival descriptive study of public figure attackers in the United States between 1995 and 2015 was undertaken. Fifty-six incidents were identified, primarily through exhaustive internet searches, composed of 58 attackers and 58 victims. A code book was developed which focused upon victims, offenders, pre-attack behaviors including direct threats, attack characteristics, post-offense and other outcomes, motivations and psychological abstracts. The average interrater agreement for coding of bivariate variables was 0...
September 2016: Behavioral Sciences & the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27646611/review-of-the-international-council-of-nurses-icn-framework-of-disaster-nursing-competencies
#17
Alison Hutton, Tener Goodwin Veenema, Kristine Gebbie
The International Council of Nurses (ICN; Geneva, Switzerland) and the World Association for Disaster and Emergency Medicine (WADEM; Madison, Wisconsin USA) joined together in 2014 to review the use of the ICN Framework of Disaster Nursing Competencies. The existing ICN Framework (version 1.10; dated 2009) formed the starting point for this review. The key target audiences for this process were members of the disaster nursing community concerned with pre-service education for professional nursing and the continuing education of practicing professional nurses...
December 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644870/revenge-pornography-mental-health-implications-and-related-legislation
#18
Mudasir Kamal, William J Newman
Revenge pornography, also known as nonconsensual pornography, is a subtype of cyberharassment/cyberstalking, and a serious problem facing society in the Internet age. Revenge pornography can result in lifelong mental health consequences for victims, damaged relationships, and social isolation. Recently, a growing number of states have recognized the importance of this phenomenon and have enacted legislation that criminalizes it. The technology industry has also taken steps to assist victims of revenge pornography by creating web forms to request removal of links leading to the explicit content...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27644865/new-technologies-new-problems-new-laws
#19
Patricia R Recupero
Forensic psychiatrists in the 21st century can expect to encounter technology-related social problems for which existing legal remedies are limited. In addition to the inadequate protection of adolescents using social media as outlined by Costello et al., current laws are often poorly suited to remedy problems such as cyberharassment, sexting among minors, and the publication of threatening or harmful communications online. Throughout history, technological developments have often preceded the introduction of new laws or the careful revision of existing laws...
September 2016: Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459237/stimulating-influenza-vaccination-via-prosocial-motives
#20
Meng Li, Eric G Taylor, Katherine E Atkins, Gretchen B Chapman, Alison P Galvani
OBJECTIVE: Americans do not vaccinate nearly enough against Influenza (flu) infection, despite severe health and economic burden of influenza. Younger people are disproportionately responsible for transmission, but do not suffer severely from the flu. Thus, to achieve herd immunity, prosocial motivation needs to be a partial driver of vaccination decisions. Past research has not established the causal role of prosociality in flu vaccination, and the current research evaluates such causal relationship by experimentally eliciting prosociality through messages about flu victims...
2016: PloS One
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