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"Celiac disease"

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026596/flow-cytometry-of-duodenal-intraepithelial-lymphocytes-improves-diagnosis-of-celiac-disease-in-difficult-cases
#1
Julio Valle, José Mario T Morgado, Juan Ruiz-Martín, Antonio Guardiola, Miriam Lopes-Nogueras, Almudena García-Vela, Beatriz Martín-Sacristán, Laura Sánchez-Muñoz
BACKGROUND: Diagnosis of celiac disease is difficult when the combined results of serology and histology are inconclusive. Studies using flow cytometry of intraepithelial lymphocytes (IELs) have found that celiac patients have increased numbers of γδ IELs, along with a decrease in CD3-CD103 + IELs. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this article is to assess the role of flow cytometric analysis of IELs in the diagnosis of celiac disease in difficult cases. METHODS: A total of 312 patients with suspicion of celiac disease were included in the study...
October 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026595/time-trend-occurrence-of-duodenal-intraepithelial-lymphocytosis-and-celiac-disease-in-an-open-access-endoscopic-population
#2
Gloria Galli, Flaminia Purchiaroni, Edith Lahner, Maria Carlotta Sacchi, Emanuela Pilozzi, Vito Domenico Corleto, Emilio Di Giulio, Bruno Annibale
BACKGROUND: Duodenal intraepithelial lymphocytosis (DIL) is a histological finding characterized by the increase of intraepithelial CD3T-lymphocytes over the normal value without villous atrophy, mostly associated to coeliac disease (CD), Helicobacter pylori (Hp) gastritis and autoimmune diseases. OBJECTIVE: To assess the occurrence of DIL, CD and Hp gastritis in an endoscopic population over a 13 year period. METHODS: From 2003 to 2015 we included adult patients who consecutively underwent oesophago-gastro-duodenoscopy (OGD) with duodenal biopsies assessing the overall and annual occurrence of DIL and CD and the prevalence of Hp gastritis...
October 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026594/subtypes-of-chronic-gastritis-in-patients-with-celiac-disease-before-and-after-gluten-free-diet
#3
Dolores Gabrieli, Fabiana Ciccone, Annalisa Capannolo, Angelo Viscido, Giorgio Valerii, Donatella Serva, Stefano Necozione, Gino Coletti, Giuseppe Calvisi, Dina Melideo, Giuseppe Frieri, Giovanni Latella
BACKGROUND: Celiac disease (CD) often manifests with dyspeptic symptoms and chronic gastritis is a common finding. AIM: To evaluate the frequency of lymphocytic gastritis (LG), chronic active gastritis (CAG), and chronic inactive gastritis (CIG) in patients with CD, before and after gluten-free diet (GFD). METHODS: A five-year prospective study including all consecutive patients with a new diagnosis of CD was conducted. Gastric and duodenal biopsy specimens taken both at the time of the CD diagnosis and at the first endoscopic control after 18-24 months on GFD were evaluated...
October 2017: United European Gastroenterology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023457/the-dmt1-ivs4-44c-a-polymorphism-and-the-risk-of-iron-deficiency-anemia-in-children-with-celiac-disease
#4
Carlo Tolone, Giulia Bellini, Francesca Punzo, Alfonso Papparella, Erasmo Miele, Alessandra Vitale, Bruno Nobili, Caterina Strisciuglio, Francesca Rossi
BACKGROUND: Iron deficiency anemia in celiac disease is related to impaired duodenal mucosal uptake, due to villous atrophy. Iron enters the enterocytes through an apical divalent metal transporter, DMT1. Different DMT1 transcripts have been identified, depending on the presence of an iron-responsive element that allows DMT1 up-regulation during iron starvation. An intronic DMT1 polymorphism, IVS4+44C>A, has been associated with metal toxicity, and the CC-carriers show high iron levels...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29020591/celiac-disease-and-autoimmunity-the-missing-ingredient
#5
COMMENT
James T Rosenbaum
New England Journal of Medicine, Volume 377, Issue 15, Page 1489-1490, October 2017.
October 12, 2017: New England Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018047/type-1-diabetes-and-celiac-disease-causal-association-or-true-true-unrelated
#6
Christine T Ferrara, Stephen E Gitelman
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 10, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018046/co-occurrence-of-type-1-diabetes-and-celiac-disease-autoimmunity
#7
William Hagopian, Hye-Seung Lee, Edwin Liu, Marian Rewers, Jin-Xiong She, Anette-G Ziegler, Åke Lernmark, Jorma Toppari, Stephen S Rich, Jeffrey P Krischer, Henry Erlich, Beena Akolkar, Daniel Agardh
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Few birth cohorts have prospectively followed development of type 1 diabetes (T1D) and celiac disease (CD) autoimmunities to determine timing, extent of co-occurrence, and associated genetic and demographic factors. METHODS: In this prospective birth cohort study, 8676 children at high genetic risk of both diseases were enrolled and 5891 analyzed in median follow-up of 66 months. Along with demographic factors and HLA-DR-DQ, genotypes for HLA-DPB1 and 5 non-HLA loci conferring risk of both T1D and CD were analyzed...
October 10, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016564/the-role-of-an-iga-igg-deamidated-gliadin-peptide-point-of-care-test-in-predicting-persistent-villous-atrophy-in-patients-with-celiac-disease-on-a-gluten-free-diet
#8
Michelle S Lau, Peter D Mooney, William L White, Michael A Rees, Simon H Wong, Matthew Kurien, Nick Trott, Daniel A Leffler, Marios Hadjivassiliou, David S Sanders
OBJECTIVES: Mucosal healing is important in celiac disease (CD) for the prevention of complications. However, obtaining duodenal biopsies is invasive, and there is currently no reliable surrogate marker for histological remission in clinical practice. We aimed to assess the role of a point-of-care test (POCT) based on IgA/IgG-deamidated gliadin peptide, in detecting persistent villous atrophy (VA) in CD. METHODS: We prospectively recruited patients with CD attending endoscopy for the assessment of histological remission...
October 10, 2017: American Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28993260/improved-bone-microarchitecture-in-patients-with-celiac-disease-after-3-years-on-a-gluten-free-diet
#9
María B Zanchetta, Ana F Costa, Vanesa Longobardi, Roberto Mazure, Fernando Silveira, María P Temprano, Horacio Vázquez, César Bogado, Sonia I Niveloni, Edgardo Smecuol, María L Moreno, Andrea González, Eduardo Mauriño, José R Zanchetta, Julio C Bai
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 6, 2017: Clinical Gastroenterology and Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992960/tp-e-interval-and-tp-e-qt-ratio-in-patients-with-celiac-disease
#10
K Demirtaş, Ç Yayla, M Yüksel, B Açar, S Ünal, A G Ertem, M Kaplan, M Y Akpinar, Z M Y Kiliç, E Kayaçetin
OBJECTIVES: Celiac disease is a chronic immune-mediated disease of the small intestine. It has been known that dilated cardiomyopathy and ischemic coronary artery disease have become more frequent in patients with celiac disease. The aim of the study was to assess Tp-e interval and Tp-e/QT ratio in patients with celiac disease. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This study was conducted at a single center in collaboration with gastroenterology and cardiology clinics. Between January 2014 and June 2015, a total of 76 consecutive patients were enrolled (38 patients with celiac disease and 38 control subjects)...
October 7, 2017: Revista Clínica Española
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991835/celiac-disease-diagnosis-without-biopsy-is-a-10x-uln-anti-transglutaminase-result-suitable-for-a-chemiluminescence-method
#11
Giulia Previtali, Lisa Licini, Lorenzo D'Antiga, Antonio Marseglia, Rudi Ravasio, Francesca Nembrini, Salvatore Greco, Aurelio Sonzogni, Giovanna Azzarà, Paolo Ravelli, Maria Grazia Alessio
OBJECTIVES: 2012 ESPGHAN guidelines allow to establish a celiac disease (CD) diagnosis without duodenal biopsy in symptomatic pediatric patients with anti-tissue transglutaminase (anti-tTG) titers > 10 times the upper limit of normal (ULN). For some years now, new chemiluminescence immunoassays have been made available: it is important to establish the clinical performance of anti-tTG and to determine the cut-off best suited to predict Marsh ≥ 2 in order to avoid gastrointestinal endoscopy not only in children, but also in the adult population...
October 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985731/screening-for-celiac-disease-in-poorly-controlled-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-worth-it-or-not
#12
Muhammed Kizilgul, Ozgur Ozcelik, Selvihan Beysel, Hakan Akinci, Seyfullah Kan, Bekir Ucan, Mahmut Apaydin, Erman Cakal
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have demonstrated that immune factors might have a role in the pathophysiology of insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Inappropriate glycemic control in patients with T2DM is an important risk factor for the occurrence of diabetes complications. The prevalence of celiac disease (CD) is high in type 1 diabetes mellitus however, there are scarce data about its prevalence in T2DM. Our aim was to investigate the prevalence of celiac disease among insulin-using type 2 diabetes patients with inappropriate glycemic control...
October 6, 2017: BMC Endocrine Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983404/functional-heterogeneity-of-gut-resident-regulatory-t-cells
#13
REVIEW
Maik Luu, Ulrich Steinhoff, Alexander Visekruna
Regulatory T cells (Treg cells) have a central role in the maintenance of intestinal homeostasis by restraining inappropriate immune responses in the healthy gut. Although distinct intestinal immune cell populations have been described to exhibit regulatory activity, several genetic and functional studies provided a strong evidence for a pivotal role of forkhead box P3 (Foxp3)(+)CD4(+) Treg cells in prevention of dysregulated mucosal immune reactions and development of chronic immunological disorders such as celiac disease, food allergies and inflammatory bowel disease...
September 2017: Clinical & Translational Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28974086/renal-disease-in-patients-with-celiac-disease-a-review
#14
Boonphiphop Boonpheng, Wisit Cheungpasitporn, Karn Wijarnpreecha
Celiac disease, an inflammatory disease of small bowel caused by sensitivity to dietary gluten and related protein, affects approximately 0.5-1% of the population in the Western world. Extraintestinal symptoms and associated diseases are increasingly recognized including diabetes mellitus type 1, thyroid disease, dermatitis herpetiformis and ataxia. There have also been a number of reports of various types of renal involvement in patients with celiac disease including diabetes nephropathy, IgA nephropathy, membranous nephropathy, membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis, nephrotic syndrome related to malabsorption, oxalate nephropathy, and associations of celiac disease with chronic kidney disease and end-stage kidney disease...
October 3, 2017: Minerva Medica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971174/investigation-of-celiac-disease-followed-by-immune-thrombocytopenic-purpura-diagnosis-in-patients-and-comparison-with-literature
#15
Hakan Sarbay, Halil Kocamaz, Mehmet Akin, Bayram Ozhan
OBJECTIVE: Celiac disease (CD) and Immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) may occur together as a result of similar autoimmune mechanisms. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of CD in a group of ITP patients and in the literature. METHODS: A total of 29 patients in Pamukkale University Faculty of Medicine Hospital Pediatric Hematology and Oncology Department with ITP were included in the study. Test was performed for the antibodies related to CD. Positive result for celiac antibodies was confirmed with biopsy...
2017: Northern Clinics of Istanbul
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970729/patients-with-inflammatory-bowel-disease-have-increased-risk-of-autoimmune-and-inflammatory-diseases
#16
Morten L Halling, Jens Kjeldsen, Torben Knudsen, Jan Nielsen, Lars Koch Hansen
AIM: To investigate whether immune mediated diseases (IMD) are more frequent in patients with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). METHODS: In this population based registry study, a total of 47325 patients with IBD were alive and registered in the Danish National Patient Registry on December 16, 2013. Controls were randomly selected from the Danish Civil Registration System (CRS) and matched for sex, age, and municipality. We used ICD 10 codes to identify the diagnoses of the included patients...
September 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970717/helminths-as-an-alternative-therapy-for-intestinal-diseases
#17
EDITORIAL
Aytan Miranda Sipahi, Daniel Machado Baptista
Animal models and clinical studies have shown that helminth infections exert immunomodulatory activity, altering intestinal permeability and providing a potential beneficial action on autoimmune and inflammatory disorders in human beings, such as inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and celiac disease. This is consistent with the theory that intestinal microbiota is responsible for shaping human immunological responses. With the arrival of the immunobiologic era and the use of antibodies, we propose a distinctive pathway for treating patients with IBD and celiac disease...
September 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963718/tritordeum-a-novel-cereal-for-food-processing-with-good-acceptability-and-significant-reduction-in-gluten-immunogenic-peptides-in-comparison-with-wheat
#18
Luis Vaquero, Isabel Comino, Santiago Vivas, Laura Rodríguez-Martín, María J Giménez, Jorge Pastor, Carolina Sousa, Francisco Barro
BACKGROUND: Tritordeum is a novel cereal obtained from the hybridisation between durum wheat and a wild barley. This study evaluates acceptance, digestibility and immunotoxic properties of tritordeum, a novel cereal for food processing. Nineteen healthy volunteers participated in a study with different diets to compare tritordeum bread with wheat and gluten-free breads. RESULTS: Tritordeum breads had a similar acceptance to the wheat bread usually consumed and the acceptance was significantly higher than the gluten-free bread and the standardized wheat bread supplied in the study...
September 30, 2017: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28962565/a-novel-data-driven-workflow-combining-literature-and-electronic-health-records-to-estimate-comorbidities-burden-for-a-specific-disease-a-case-study-on-autoimmune-comorbidities-in-patients-with-celiac-disease
#19
Jean-Baptiste Escudié, Bastien Rance, Georgia Malamut, Sherine Khater, Anita Burgun, Christophe Cellier, Anne-Sophie Jannot
BACKGROUND: Data collected in EHRs have been widely used to identifying specific conditions; however there is still a need for methods to define comorbidities and sources to identify comorbidities burden. We propose an approach to assess comorbidities burden for a specific disease using the literature and EHR data sources in the case of autoimmune diseases in celiac disease (CD). METHODS: We generated a restricted set of comorbidities using the literature (via the MeSH® co-occurrence file)...
September 29, 2017: BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953524/iron-status-in-pediatric-celiac-disease-a-retrospective-chart-review
#20
Jelena Popov, Mina Baldawi, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Michelle Gould, Heather Mileski, Herbert Brill, Nikhil Pai
This study assessed the role of serum ferritin as a non-invasive biomarker in the diagnosis and monitoring of pediatric celiac disease. A retrospective chart review was performed on patients < 18 years old at time of diagnosis (n = 193) between 1998-2015. 653 paired values demonstrated a weak negative correlation between serum ferritin and TTG-IgA (r = -0.114; p = 0.004), necessitating further evaluation. A significant relationship was found between reduction of TTG-IgA and increase in serum ferritin after institution of a gluten-free diet (p < 0...
September 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition
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