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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088668/near-infrared-light-triggered-drug-delivery-system-for-higher-efficacy-of-combined-chemo-photothermal-treatment
#1
Yi Chen, Haohuan Li, Yueyang Deng, Haifeng Sun, Xue Ke, Tianyuan Ci
: The combination of chemotherapy and photothermal therapy is a promising strategy for cancer treatment. In the present study, indocyanine green (ICG), a widely used near-infrared (NIR) dye in photothermal therapy, and chemotherapeutic drug-doxorubicin (DOX) were loaded within the nanoparticles of novel designed arylboronic ester and cholesterol modified hyaluronic acid (PPE-Chol1-HA), denoted as PCH-DI. We take advantage of reactive oxygen species (ROS) production capability of ICG and ROS-sensitivity of arylboronic ester to realize controllable drug release...
January 11, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28071906/single-conformation-spectroscopy-of-suberoylanilide-hydroxamic-acid-saha-a-molecule-bites-its-tail
#2
Di Zhang, Karl N Blodgett, Xiao Zhu, Timothy S Zwier
Suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (C6H5NHCO(CH2)6CONHOH, SAHA) is a histone deacetylase inhibitor that causes growth arrest and differentiation of many tumor types and is an approved drug for the treatment of cancer. With a hydrogen-bonding amide group adjacent to its phenyl ring "head", and a hydroxamic acid group at the "tail" end of a C6 alkyl chain linker, SAHA possesses an interesting potential energy landscape to be probed by single-conformation methods. The alkyl chain's preference for extended structures is in competition with tail-to-head (T-H) or head-to-tail (H-T) hydrogen bonds between the amide and hydroxamic acid groups...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28070104/comparative-photodynamic-therapy-cytotoxicity-of-mannose-conjugated-chlorin-and-talaporfin-sodium-in-cultured-human-and-rat-cells
#3
Yo Shinoda, Tsutomu Takahashi, Jiro Akimoto, Megumi Ichikawa, Hiromi Yamazaki, Atsushi Narumi, Shigenobu Yano, Yasuyuki Fujiwara
Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a Food and Drug Administration authorized method for cancer treatment, which uses photosensitizer and laser photo-irradiation to generate reactive oxygen species to induce cell death in tumors. Photosensitizers have been progressively developed, from first to third generation, with improvements in cell specificity, reduced side effects and toxicity, increased sensitivity for irradiation and reduced persistence of photosensitizer in healthy cells. These improvements have been achieved by basic comparative experiments between current and novel photosensitizers using cell lines; however, photosensitizers should be carefully evaluated because they may have cell type specificity...
2017: Journal of Toxicological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069501/photothermal-and-biodegradable-polyaniline-porous-silicon-hybrid-nanocomposites-as-drug-carriers-for-combined-chemo-photothermal-therapy-of-cancer
#4
Bing Xia, Bin Wang, Jisen Shi, Yu Zhang, Qi Zhang, Zhenyu Chen, Jiachen Li
: To develop photothermal and biodegradable nanocarriers for combined chemo-photothermal therapy of cancer, polyaniline/porous silicon hybrid nanocomposites had been successfully fabricated via surface initiated polymerization of aniline onto porous silicon nanoparticles in our experiments. As-prepared polyaniline/porous silicon nanocomposites could be well dispersed in aqueous solution without any extra hydrophilic surface coatings, and showed a robust phototherml effect under near-infrared (NIR) laser irradiation...
January 6, 2017: Acta Biomaterialia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28069084/transoral-laser-resection-of-glottic-carcinoma-what-is-the-significance-of-anterior-commissure-involvement
#5
K A Stephenson, J J Fagan
BACKGROUND: The optimal management of glottic carcinoma involving the anterior commissure is controversial. METHOD: A retrospective analysis was conducted of 76 patients with glottic squamous cell carcinoma treated by transoral carbon dioxide laser resection by a single surgeon. RESULTS: Sixty-three patients (with tumour stage Tis-T3) were eligible for inclusion. Thirty patients had involvement of the anterior commissure; these patients were significantly more likely to have either uncertain or positive margins (63...
January 10, 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057717/pathology-driven-comprehensive-proteomic-profiling-of-the-prostate-cancer-tumour-microenvironment
#6
Lisa Staunton, Claire Tonry, Rosina Lis, Virginia Espina, Lance Liotta, Rosanna Inziatari, Michaela Bowden, Aurelie Fabre, John O'Leary, Stephen P Finn, Massimo Loda, Stephen R Pennington
: Prostate cancer (PCa) is the second most common cancer in men worldwide. Gleason grading is an important predictor of PCa outcomes and is influential in determining patient treatment options. Clinical decisions based on a Gleason score of 7 are difficult as the prognosis for individuals diagnosed with Gleason 4+3 cancer is much worse than for those diagnosed with Gleason 3+4 cancer. Laser capture microdissection (LCM) is a highly precise method to isolate specific cell populations or discrete microregions from tissues...
January 5, 2017: Molecular Cancer Research: MCR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050693/technical-success-technique-efficacy-and-complications-of-minimally-invasive-imaging-guided-percutaneous-ablation-procedures-of-breast-cancer-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#7
Giovanni Mauri, Luca Maria Sconfienza, Lorenzo Carlo Pescatori, Maria Paola Fedeli, Marco Alì, Giovanni Di Leo, Francesco Sardanelli
OBJECTIVES: To systematically review studies concerning imaging-guided minimally-invasive breast cancer treatments. METHODS: An online database search was performed for English-language articles evaluating percutaneous breast cancer ablation. Pooled data and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated. Technical success, technique efficacy, minor and major complications were analysed, including ablation technique subgroup analysis and effect of tumour size on outcome...
January 3, 2017: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048768/su-f-i-03-correction-of-intra-fractional-set-up-errors-and-target-coverage-based-on-cone-beam-computed-tomography-for-cervical-cancer-patients
#8
J Y Zhang, D L Hong
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study is to investigate the patient set-up error and interfraction target coverage in cervical cancer using image-guided adaptive radiotherapy (IGART) with cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). METHODS: Twenty cervical cancer patients undergoing intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) were randomly selected. All patients were matched to the isocenter using laser with the skin markers. Three dimensional CBCT projections were acquired by the Varian Truebeam treatment system...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048327/su-f-p-58-squamous-cell-and-basal-cell-carcinoma-of-the-skin-treated-with-a-freiburg-flap-applicator
#9
K Dou, B Li, M Jacobs, B Laser
PURPOSE: To treat squamous cell and basal cell carcinoma of the skin with the Freiburg flap applicator using a high dose rate modality of an Elekta Flexitron or MicroSelectron for radiation delivery by compensating the dose deviation resulting from the incomplete scatter environment. METHODS: Patients were selected to have lesions greater than or equal to 2cm. A mask might be needed depending on special locations. The lesions on the eyelid and face presented in this research were, however, treated without a mask...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28048276/su-f-t-525-monitordeep-inspiratory-breathhold-with-a-laser-sensor-for-radiation-therapy-of-left-breast-cancer
#10
A Tai, D J Li, A Currey, X Allen Li
PURPOSE: Radiation therapy (RT) of left sided breast cancers with deep-inspiratory breathhold (DIBH) can reduce the dose to heart. The purpose of this study is to develop and test a new laser-based tool to improve ease of RT delivery using DIBH. METHODS: A laser sensor together with breathing monitor device (Anzai Inc., Japan) was used to record the surface breathing motion of phantom/volunteers. The device projects a laser beam to the chestwall and the reflected light creates a focal spot on a light detecting element...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28047568/we-fg-bra-12-research-work-of-the-radio-dynamic-treatment-mechanism
#11
Quanshi Zhang, Q Y Sun, G P Xiao, J Zeng, L Wang, L L Chen, C M C Ma
PURPOSE: The finite penetration depth of Laser light has limited clinical applications for PDT. This present work investigates the activation of photosensitizers using Cerenkov light emission from 45MV photon beams produced in an LA45 cancer therapy accelerator. We have named this new treatment technique Radio-Dynamic Therapy (RDT). METHODS: Monte Carlo simulations were made on various Cerenkov emission energies and their spectroscopy in excited target areas in order to estimate their photosensitizer inner activation efficiency...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046937/th-cd-207a-02-implementation-of-live-epid-based-inspiration-level-assessment-leila-for-deepinspiration-breath-hold-dibh-monitoring-using-mv-fluoroscopy
#12
J Lehmann, J Sun, M Doebrich, B Zwan, T Fuangrod, S Bhatia, P Greer
PURPOSE: As prior work has shown that current DIBH monitoring approaches using surrogate measures (marker block on chest) do not always correspond with the clinical quantity of interest (lung depth, LD), a software tool and workflow are introduced to use MV fluoroscopy during treatment for real-time / Live EPID-based Inspiration Level Assessment (LEILA). METHODS: A prototype software tool calculates and displays the LD during the treatment of left sided breast cancer...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046843/su-f-t-665-confocal-microscopy-imaging-of-cell-cycle-distribution-in-cells-treated-with-pegylated-gold-nanoshells
#13
D Sadetaporn, D Flint, C McFadden, A Asaithamby, G Sawakuchi
PURPOSE: To use confocal microscopy to distinguish cells in different phases of the cell cycle before and after treatment with pegylated gold nanoshells (PEG-AuNSs). METHODS: Transfected fibrosarcoma cells (HT1080-EYFP-53BP1-FUCCI) were cultured in T-25 flasks and seeded in glass bottom dishes. These cells express the fluorescent probe AmCyan during the G2/S phases of the cell cycle, mCherry during the G1 phase, and EYFP tagged to the DNA repair protein 53BP1. After allowing cells 4 h to adhere to dishes, PEG-AuNS (Nanospectra Biosciences, Houston, TX) at a concentration of 0...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28046666/su-f-j-03-treatment-planning-for-laser-ablation-therapy-in-presence-of-heterogeneous-tissue-a-retrospective-study
#14
R Madankan, C MacLellan, S Fahrenholtz, J Weinberg, G Rao, J Hazle, R Stafford, D Fuentes
PURPOSE: MR guided Laser Induced Thermal Therapy (MRgLITT) is an effective technique for cancerous tissue destruction in brain. Precise modeling of the thermal ablation procedure is important for treatment planning for MRgLITT. Physical properties of target tissue such as optical attenuation (µ) highly affect the outcome of thermal ablation modeling. Hence to ensure accuracy of modeling scheme, it is crucial to precisely estimate patient specific heterogeneity in these parameters. METHODS: A steady-state Bioheat model is used for simulation of temperature field over the heterogeneous target tissue...
June 2016: Medical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28040545/multifunctional-near-infrared-dye-magnetic-nanoparticles-for%C3%A2-bioimaging-and-cancer-therapy
#15
Xiaoyang Hou, Huige Zhou, Liming Wang, Jianqin Tang, Guan Jiang, Chunying Chen, Yanqun Liu
Theranostics based on nanoparticles have developed rapidly in the past decade and have been widely used in the diagnosis and treatment of liver cancer, breast cancer, and other tumors. However, for skin cancers, there are limited studies. In the present study, we successfully synthesized a theranostic nanoparticle by grating IR820 onto the surface of chitosan-coated magnetic iron oxide, IR820-CS-Fe3O4, showing an excellent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) capability and cytotoxic effects against melanoma under irradiation with a near-infrared (NIR) laser (808 nm) in vitro...
December 29, 2016: Cancer Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039759/human-papillomavirus-hpv-persistence-and-hpv-31-predict-the-risk-of-recurrence-in-high-grade-vaginal-intraepithelial-neoplasia
#16
Giorgio Bogani, Fabio Martinelli, Antonino Ditto, Francesca Taverna, Claudia Lombardo, Mauro Signorelli, Valentina Chiappa, Umberto Leone Roberti Maggiore, Caterina Fontanella, Ilaria Sabatucci, Chiara Borghi, Dario Recalcati, Alice Indini, Domenica Lorusso, Francesco Raspagliesi
OBJECTIVE: High-grade vaginal intraepithelial neoplasia (vaginal HSIL) represents an uncommon entity. Here, we sought to identify predictors for recurrence and risk factor for developing genital cancers after primary treatment for vaginal HSIL. METHODS: Data of consecutive 5104 women who had human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA test were searched for identify women with histological confirmed vaginal HSIL. Disease-free interval and the risk of developing HPV-related gynecological cancers were assessed using Kaplan-Meier and Cox proportional hazard models...
December 23, 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033467/multifunctional-metal-organic-framework-nanoprobe-for-cathepsin-b-activated-cancer-cell-imaging-and-chemo-photodynamic-therapy
#17
Jintong Liu, Lei Zhang, Jianping Lei, Hong Shen, Huangxian Ju
Integration of a photodynamic therapy platform with a drug-delivery system in a porous structure is an urgent challenge for enhanced anticancer therapy. Here, an amino-functionalized metal-organic framework (MOF), which is useful as efficient delivery vehicle for drugs and provides the -NH2 group for postsynthetic modification, is chosen and well-designed for cell imaging and chemo-photodynamic therapy. The multifunctional MOF nanoprobe was first assembled with camptothecine drug via noncovalent encapsulation and then bound with folic acid as the targeted element and chlorine e6 (Ce6)-labeled CaB substrate peptide as the recognition moiety and signal switch...
January 12, 2017: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28033148/transurethral-en-bloc-resection-of-nonmuscle-invasive-bladder-cancer-trend-or-hype
#18
Thomas R W Herrmann, Mathias Wolters, Mario W Kramer
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Inherent limitations of conventional transurethral resection of bladder tumors as the standard approach for diagnosis and treatment of bladder cancer are well know: staging error because of insufficient assessment of resection depth as well as intravesical tumor fragmentation that complicates histopathological evaluation. The purpose of this review is to present recent clinical data on en bloc resection of bladder tumor (ERBT) that has been demonstrated to offer high potential to overcome these limitations...
December 28, 2016: Current Opinion in Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028922/n-dihydrogalactochitosan-as-a-potent-immune-activator-for-dendritic-cells
#19
Ahmed El-Hussein, Samuel S K Lam, Joseph Raker, Wei R Chen, Michael R Hamblin
Immunotherapy has become one of the fastest growing areas of cancer research. A promising in situ autologous cancer vaccine (inCVAX) uses a novel immune activator, N-dihydrogalactochitosan (GC), that possesses the ability to stimulate dendritic cells (DC). inCVAX is a combination treatment procedure involving treatment of the tumor with a thermal near-infrared laser to liberate whole cell tumor antigens, followed by injection of GC (a glucosamine polymer with galactose attached to the amino groups) into the treated tumor thereby inducing a systemic anti-tumor immune response...
December 28, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28028607/transoral-laser-microsurgery-for-t1b-glottic-cancer-review-of-51-cases
#20
Bernhard G Weiss, Friedrich Ihler, Yiannis Pilavakis, Hendrik A Wolff, Martin Canis, Christian Welz, Wolfgang Steiner
For the treatment of T1b glottic carcinoma, different treatment options, such as transoral laser microsurgery, open surgical techniques, and primary radiotherapy, are under discussion. In this context, the aim of the present study was to describe oncologic results and complication rates of transoral laser microsurgery in treatment of T1b glottic carcinoma. This is a retrospective unicenter chart review of patients treated at an academic tertiary referral center between 1986 and 2006. Fifty-one previously untreated T1b cases were exclusively treated by transoral laser microsurgery and included into this study, 47 were male, and 4 were female...
December 27, 2016: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
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