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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209459/progressive-subcortical-calcifications-secondary-to-venous-hypertension-in-an-intracranial-dural-arteriovenous-fistula
#1
Heather M Pascoe, Elaine H Lui, Peter Mitchell, Frank Gaillard
Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (dAVF) are acquired lesions, with the most commonly reported findings on CT haemorrhage or focal oedema. We describe a case of progressive subcortical calcification on CT secondary to venous hypertension from a high grade dAVF.
February 13, 2017: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience: Official Journal of the Neurosurgical Society of Australasia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28209359/safety-and-efficacy-of-fimasartan-in-mexican-patients-with-grade-1-2-essential-hypertension
#2
Ernesto G Cardona-Muñoz, Agustín López-Alvarado, Ignacio Conde-Carmona, Gerardo Sánchez-Mejorada, Sara Pascoe-González, Ramiro G Banda-Elizondo, Armando García-Castillo, Guillermo González-Gálvez, Raúl G Velasco-Sánchez, Maricela Vidrio-Velázquez, José L Leiva-Pons, Efraín Villeda-Espinosa, Arturo Guerra-López, Ramón M Esturau-Santalo
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy and safety of 60mg and 120mg Fimasartan (FMS) alone or combined with 12.5mg hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) in Mexican population. METHODS: Six month, treat-to-target, open study in subjects with grade 1-2 hypertension. Subjects were initially treated with 60mg FMS once daily; on week 8, those with Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP) <90mmHg continued on the same FMS dose during the rest of the study while those with DBP ≥90mmHg were randomized to either 120mg FMS or 60mg FMS+12...
February 10, 2017: Archivos de Cardiología de México
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207315/diagnosis-of-lumbosacral-diskospondylosis-in-a-bucking-bull-assisted-by-high-definition-thermal-and-nuclear-scintigraphic-imaging
#3
Marc Caldwell, Thomas Passler, Ram C Purohit, David Pascoe, Dwight F Wolfe
CASE DESCRIPTION An 8-year-old Brahman-cross bull was evaluated for left hind limb lameness of 2 months' duration. The lameness was first noticed during a rodeo bucking performance, immediately after the bull appeared to land inappropriately on the affected limb. CLINICAL FINDINGS Physical examination findings revealed left hind limb lameness, ataxia, and left-sided epaxial muscle atrophy. Palpation per rectum along the lumbar portion of the vertebral column revealed evidence of exostosis of the ventral aspect...
March 1, 2017: Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205536/genomic-structure-and-insertion-sites-of-helicobacter-pylori-prophages-from-various-geographical-origins
#4
Filipa F Vale, Alexandra Nunes, Mónica Oleastro, João P Gomes, Daniel A Sampaio, Raquel Rocha, Jorge M B Vítor, Lars Engstrand, Ben Pascoe, Elvire Berthenet, Samuel K Sheppard, Matthew D Hitchings, Francis Mégraud, Jamuna Vadivelu, Philippe Lehours
Helicobacter pylori genetic diversity is known to be influenced by mobile genomic elements. Here we focused on prophages, the least characterized mobile elements of H. pylori. We present the full genomic sequences, insertion sites and phylogenetic analysis of 28 prophages found in H. pylori isolates from patients of distinct disease types, ranging from gastritis to gastric cancer, and geographic origins, covering most continents. The genome sizes of these prophages range from 22.6-33.0 Kbp, consisting of 27-39 open reading frames...
February 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28183859/association-of-socio-economic-position-with-technique-failure-and-mortality-in-australian-non-indigenous-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#5
Samuel Chan, Yeoungjee Cho, Yung H Koh, Neil C Boudville, Philip A Clayton, Stephen P McDonald, Elaine M Pascoe, Ross S Francis, David W Mudge, Monique Borlace, Sunil V Badve, Kamal Sud, Carmel M Hawley, David W Johnson
♦ Background: Few studies have examined the relationship between socio-economic position (SEP) and peritoneal dialysis (PD) outcomes, particularly at a country level. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationships between SEP, technique failure, and mortality in PD patients undertaking treatment in Australia. ♦ Methods: The study included all Australian non-indigenous incident PD patients between January 1, 1997, and December 31, 2014, using Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant (ANZDATA) Registry data...
February 9, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28156471/relationship-between-pain-and-depression-among-patients-with-cancer-at-a-community-teaching-hospital
#6
Damoun Safarpour, Khin N Aung, Neil Pasco, Benjamin Levron, Amy Fung, Atefah Kalantary, Mario Hernandez, Byron Cary, Ratesh Khillan, Kalpana Panigrahi, Madhumati R Kalavar
: 81 Background: While depression is often under-diagnosed in the general population, the rate of under-diagnosis among patients with cancer may be far higher. The American Cancer Society reports that a quarter of all patients with cancer may suffer from depression. We seek to identify a link between pain and depression among patients with cancer which may signal an enhanced need both for the involvement of mental health services and for more effective pain management. METHODS: This is an observational cross-sectional study evaluating depression among patients with cancer in an outpatient setting...
October 9, 2016: Journal of Clinical Oncology: Official Journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28147581/interior-sound-field-control-using-generalized-singular-value-decomposition-in-the-frequency-domain
#7
Yann Pasco, Philippe-Aubert Gauthier, Alain Berry, Stéphane Moreau
The problem of controlling a sound field inside a region surrounded by acoustic control sources is considered. Inspired by the Kirchhoff-Helmholtz integral, the use of double-layer source arrays allows such a control and avoids the modification of the external sound field by the control sources by the approximation of the sources as monopole and radial dipole transducers. However, the practical implementation of the Kirchhoff-Helmholtz integral in physical space leads to large numbers of control sources and error sensors along with excessive controller complexity in three dimensions...
January 2017: Journal of the Acoustical Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138385/prospective-surveillance-of-healthcare-associated-infections-in-a-cambodian-pediatric-hospital
#8
Pasco Hearn, Thyl Miliya, Soklin Seng, Chanpheaktra Ngoun, Nicholas P J Day, Yoel Lubell, Claudia Turner, Paul Turner
BACKGROUND: Healthcare associated infections (HAI) are the most common preventable adverse events following admission to healthcare facilities. Data from low-income countries are scarce. We sought to prospectively define HAI incidence at Angkor Hospital for Children (AHC), a Cambodian pediatric referral hospital. METHODS: Prospective HAI surveillance was introduced for medical admissions to AHC. Cases were identified on daily ward rounds and confirmed using locally adapted Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) definitions...
2017: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138360/serum-levels-of-undercarboxylated-osteocalcin-are-related-to-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-and-healthy-subjects
#9
Sergio Sanchez-Enriquez, Isabel Thalia Ballesteros-Gonzalez, José Rafael Villafán-Bernal, Sara Pascoe-Gonzalez, Edgar Alfonso Rivera-Leon, Blanca Estela Bastidas-Ramirez, Jorge David Rivas-Carrillo, Juan Luis Alcala-Zermeno, Juan Armendariz-Borunda, Iris Monserrat Llamas-Covarrubias, Abraham Zepeda-Moreno
AIM: To determine a potential relationship between serum undercarboxylated (ucOC) concentration and cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes (T2D) patients and healthy subjects (HS). METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted on 140 subjects classified into two groups, 70 with T2D and 70 HS. Medical history and physical examination with anthropometric measurements were obtained from all subjects. Body fat percentage was determined by bioelectrical impendency analysis...
January 15, 2017: World Journal of Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28137661/the-role-of-parenting-behaviors-in-childhood-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-a-meta-analytic-review
#10
REVIEW
Victoria Williamson, Cathy Creswell, Pasco Fearon, Rachel M Hiller, Jennifer Walker, Sarah L Halligan
Studies that have examined the association between parenting behaviors and childhood post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) have yielded mixed findings. To clarify the role of parenting in childhood PTSD we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of 14 studies that investigated the association between parenting and youth PTSD symptoms (total n=4010). Negative parenting behaviors (e.g. overprotection, hostility) accounted for 5.3% of the variance in childhood PTSD symptoms. Positive parenting behaviors (e...
January 20, 2017: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28127861/mass-rearing-and-augmentative-biological-control-evaluation-of-rhynocoris-fuscipes-hemiptera-reduviidae-against-multiple-pests-of-cotton
#11
Majesh Thomson, Kitherian Sahayaraj, Vivek Kumar, Pasco B Avery, Cindy L McKenzie, Lance S Osborne
BACKGROUND: Rhynocoris fuscipes (Fab.) (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) is a generalist predator of cotton pests and is commonly found inhabiting cotton growing regions in southern India. With the goal to integrate this predator in standard management practices used against cotton pests on a commercial scale, 1) we developed a protocol for adult group rearing of this predator inside Micro Environmental Cages (MECs), and 2) evaluated the biocontrol potential of mass produced predators against cotton pests under potted and field conditions...
January 27, 2017: Pest Management Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28115376/genome-wide-identification-of-host-segregating-epidemiological-markers-for-source-attribution-in-campylobacter-jejuni
#12
Amandine Thépault, Guillaume Méric, Katell Rivoal, Ben Pascoe, Leonardos Mageiros, Fabrice Touzain, Valérie Rose, Véronique Béven, Marianne Chemaly, Samuel K Sheppard
: Campylobacter is among the most common worldwide causes of bacterial gastroenteritis. This organism is part of the commensal microbiota of numerous host species, including livestock, and these animals constitute potential sources of human infection. Molecular typing approaches, especially multi-locus sequence typing (MLST), have been used to attribute the source of human campylobacteriosis by quantifying the relative abundance of alleles, at 7 MLST loci, among isolates from animal reservoirs and human infection, implicating chicken as a major infection source...
January 23, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28102619/editorial-making-clinical-trials-smarter-and-more-interesting
#13
EDITORIAL
R M Pasco Fearon
At its heart, the field of child psychology and psychiatry is geared towards using science to develop interventions that promote children's healthy development and treat behavioural and emotional difficulties when they arise. While there have been some successes (e.g. stimulant medication for ADHD, parent training for child conduct problems, Fonagy et al., ) serious challenges lie ahead if we are to achieve reliable and lasting improvements for a larger number of children, and for a broader spectrum of problems...
February 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28089616/foreword-pediatric-psychopharmacology-for-primary-care-clinicians
#14
EDITORIAL
John M Pascoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 12, 2017: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28079180/the-herbivore-induced-plant-volatiles-methyl-salicylate-and-menthol-positively-affect-growth-and-pathogenicity-of-entomopathogenic-fungi
#15
Yongwen Lin, Muhammad Qasim, Mubasher Hussain, Komivi Senyo Akutse, Pasco Bruce Avery, Chandra Kanta Dash, Liande Wang
Some herbivore-induced-plant volatiles (HIPVs) compounds are vital for the functioning of an ecosystem, by triggering multi-trophic interactions for natural enemies, plants and herbivores. However, the effect of these chemicals, which play a crucial role in regulating the multi-trophic interactions between plant-herbivore-entomopathogenic fungi, is still unknown. To fill this scientific gap, we therefore investigated how these chemicals influence the entomopathogenic fungi growth and efficacy. In this study, Lipaphis erysimi induced Arabidopsis thaliana HIPVs were collected using headspace system and detected with GC-MS, and then analyzed the effects of these HIPVs chemicals on Lecanicillium lecanii strain V3450...
January 12, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28067019/a-19th-century-ideal-oil-paint-medium-a-complex-hybrid-organic-inorganic-gel
#16
Laurence de Viguerie, Maguy Jaber, Hélène Pasco, Jacques Lalevée, Fabrice Morlet-Savary, Guylaine Ducouret, Baptiste Rigaud, Thierry Pouget, Clément Sanchez, Philippe Walter
British 19th century painters such as J. M. W. Turner, commonly modified the properties of their paint by using gels called "gumtions". These gels allowed them to easily tune the paint handling and drying properties. The fascinating properties of these "gumtions" were obtained by adding lead acetate to a ternary system based on mastic resin, linseed oil and turpentine. Herein, we report and investigate in depth the rheological properties of these gels as well as their structure at a molecular and supra-molecular scale...
January 9, 2017: Angewandte Chemie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062484/heterogeneity-of-airway-dimensions-in-humans-a-critical-determinant-of-lung-function-in-asthmatics-and-non-asthmatics
#17
Christopher D Pascoe, Chun Y Seow, Tillie-Louise Hackett, Peter D Paré, Graham M Donovan
Airway remodeling, a key feature of asthma, alters every layer of the airway wall but most strikingly the airway smooth muscle (ASM) layer. Airway remodeling in asthmatics contributes to fixed airflow obstruction and can amplify airway narrowing caused by ASM activation. Previous modeling studies have shown that the increase in ASM mass has the largest effect on increasing maximal airway narrowing. Simulated heterogeneity in the dimensions and properties of the airway wall can further amplify airway narrowing...
January 6, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28055065/effect-of-fish-oil-supplementation-and-aspirin-use-on-arteriovenous-fistula-failure-in-patients-requiring-hemodialysis-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#18
Ashley B Irish, Andrea K Viecelli, Carmel M Hawley, Lai-Seong Hooi, Elaine M Pascoe, Peta-Anne Paul-Brent, Sunil V Badve, Trevor A Mori, Alan Cass, Peter G Kerr, David Voss, Loke-Meng Ong, Kevan R Polkinghorne
Importance: Vascular access dysfunction is a leading cause of morbidity and mortality in patients requiring hemodialysis. Arteriovenous fistulae are preferred over synthetic grafts and central venous catheters due to superior long-term outcomes and lower health care costs, but increasing their use is limited by early thrombosis and maturation failure. ω-3 Polyunsaturated fatty acids (fish oils) have pleiotropic effects on vascular biology and inflammation and aspirin impairs platelet aggregation, which may reduce access failure...
February 1, 2017: JAMA Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042933/teaching-peritoneal-dialysis-in-australia-an-opportunity-for-improvement
#19
N Boudville, Y Cho, K L Equinox, A E Figueiredo, C M Hawley, K Howard, D W Johnson, M Jose, A Lee, Mal Maley, J Maley, E M Pascoe, G Z Steiner, M Tomlins, D Voss, J Chow
INTRODUCTION: Up to a 10-fold difference in clinical outcomes between Australian peritoneal dialysis (PD) units exists. There is an international focus on the harmonisation of educational practices in PD to determine whether this may lead to improved patient outcomes. AIMS: Evaluate the current teaching practices of nurses and patients in Australian PD units. METHODS: An online survey with questions on nurse and patient training was made available to PD units in Australia...
January 2, 2017: Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28025860/musculoskeletal-decline-and-mortality-prospective-data-from-the-geelong-osteoporosis-study
#20
Julie A Pasco, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Kara L Holloway, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Natalie K Hyde, Mark A Kotowicz
BACKGROUND: We aimed to examine the relationship between musculoskeletal deterioration and all-cause mortality in a cohort of women studied prospectively over a decade. METHODS: A cohort of 750 women aged 50-94 years was followed for a decade after femoral neck bone mineral density (BMD) and appendicular lean mass (ALM) were measured using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, in conjunction with comorbidities, health behaviour data, and other clinical measures. The outcome was all-cause mortality identified from the Australian National Deaths Index...
December 26, 2016: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
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