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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145913/goal-setting-deficits-at-13-years-in-very-preterm-born-children
#1
Kristina M Haebich, Catherine Willmott, Rachel Ellis, Alice C Burnett, Shannon E Scratch, Leona Pascoe, Megan M Spencer-Smith, Jeanie L Y Cheong, Terrie E Inder, Lex W Doyle, Deanne K Thompson, Peter J Anderson
OBJECTIVES: Preterm children demonstrate deficits in executive functions including inhibition, working memory, and cognitive flexibility; however, their goal setting abilities (planning, organization, strategic reasoning) remain unclear. This study compared goal setting abilities between very preterm (VP: <30 weeks/<1250 grams) and term born controls during late childhood. Additionally, early risk factors (neonatal brain abnormalities, medical complications, and sex) were examined in relationship to goal setting outcomes within the VP group...
November 17, 2017: Journal of the International Neuropsychological Society: JINS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143561/beyond-lip-service-towards-human-rights-driven-our-speech-language-pathology-guidelines-for-south-african-speech-language-pathologists
#2
Michelle Pascoe, Daleen Klop, Thandeka Mdlalo, Mikateko Ndhambi
Developed with a strong awareness of past injustices, South Africa's progressive constitution emphasises a full spectrum of human rights. While the constitution celebrates many languages and cultures, speech-language pathologists (SLPs) face challenges in translating these values into practice with a diverse clientele. Similarly, Article 19 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights focuses on freedom of expression in one's language of choice, but is often perceived as a "Cinderella" right (i.e. one that is frequently neglected)...
November 16, 2017: International Journal of Speech-language Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143531/the-population-mean-mood-predicts-the-prevalence-of-depression-in-an-australian-context
#3
Aaron D Sia, Lana J Williams, Julie A Pasco, Felice N Jacka, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, J Lennert Veerman
BACKGROUND: The mean population mood has been demonstrated to strongly correlate with the prevalence of depression in European populations. Mean population mood has, therefore, been proposed as both a metric to measure the impact of population-level interventions to prevent depression and a target for public health policy. AIM: To demonstrate the relationship between mean population mood and the prevalence of depression using Australian data in order to broaden the applicability of this finding to the Australian population...
November 1, 2017: Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140724/the-significance-of-eosinophilic-inflammation-in-copd
#4
Christopher B Cooper, Guy Brusselle, Steven J Pascoe, Ian D Pavord
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 15, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110097/geographic-region-socioeconomic-position-and-the-utilisation-of-primary-total-joint-replacement-for-hip-or-knee-osteoarthritis-across-western-victoria-a-cross-sectional-multilevel-study-of-the-australian-orthopaedic-association-national-joint-replacement-registry
#5
Sharon Brennan-Olsen, Sara Vogrin, Kara L Holloway, Richard S Page, Muhammad A Sajjad, Mark A Kotowicz, Patricia M Livingston, Mustafa Khasraw, Sharon Hakkennes, Trish L Dunning, Susan Brumby, Daryl Pedler, Alasdair Sutherland, Svetha Venkatesh, Lana J Williams, Gustavo Duque, Julie A Pasco
Compared to urban residents, those in rural/regional areas often experience inequitable healthcare from specialist service providers. Independent of small between-area differences in utilisation, socially advantaged groups had the greatest uptake of joint replacement. These data suggest low correlation between 'need' vs. 'uptake' of surgery in rural/regional areas. BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Compared to urban residents, those in rural and regional areas often experience inequitable healthcare from specialist service providers, often due to geographical issues...
November 6, 2017: Archives of Osteoporosis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097149/emotional-eating-and-instructed-food-cue-processing-in-adolescents-an-erp-study
#6
Jia Wu, Cynthia J Willner, Claire Hill, Pasco Fearon, Linda C Mayes, Michael J Crowley
We examined the P3 (250-500ms) and Late Positive Potential (LPP; 500-2000ms) event-related potentials (ERPs) to food vs. nonfood cues among adolescents reporting on emotional eating (EE) behavior. Eighty-six adolescents 10-17 years old were tested using an instructed food versus nonfood cue viewing task (imagine food taste) during high-density EEG recording. Self-report data showed that EE increased with age in girls, but not in boys. Both P3 and LPP amplitudes were greater for food vs. nonfood cues (food-cue bias)...
October 31, 2017: Biological Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29081984/validity-and-reliability-of-the-fitbit-zip-as-a-measure-of-preschool-children-s-step-count
#7
Catherine A Sharp, Kelly A Mackintosh, Mihela Erjavec, Duncan M Pascoe, Pauline J Horne
OBJECTIVES: Validation of physical activity measurement tools is essential to determine the relationship between physical activity and health in preschool children, but research to date has not focused on this priority. The aims of this study were to ascertain inter-rater reliability of observer step count, and interdevice reliability and validity of Fitbit Zip accelerometer step counts in preschool children. METHODS: Fifty-six children aged 3-4 years (29 girls) recruited from 10 nurseries in North Wales, UK, wore two Fitbit Zip accelerometers while performing a timed walking task in their childcare settings...
2017: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075862/concomitant-external-pneumatic-compression-treatment-with-consecutive-days-of-high-intensity-interval-training-reduces-markers-of-proteolysis
#8
Cody T Haun, Michael D Roberts, Matthew A Romero, Shelby C Osburn, James C Healy, Angelique N Moore, Christopher B Mobley, Paul A Roberson, Wesley C Kephart, Petey W Mumford, Michael D Goodlett, David D Pascoe, Jeffrey S Martin
PURPOSE: To compare the effects of external pneumatic compression (EPC) and sham when used concurrently with high intensity interval training (HIIT) on performance-related outcomes and recovery-related molecular measures. METHODS: Eighteen recreationally endurance-trained male participants (age: 21.6 ± 2.4 years, BMI: 25.7 ± 0.5 kg/m(2), VO2peak: 51.3 ± 0.9 mL/kg/min) were randomized to balanced sham and EPC treatment groups. Three consecutive days of HIIT followed by EPC/sham treatment (Days 2-4) and 3 consecutive days of recovery (Days 5-7) with EPC/sham only on Days 5-6 were employed...
October 26, 2017: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057543/cortical-responses-before-six-months-of-life-associate-with-later-autism
#9
S Lloyd-Fox, A Blasi, G Pasco, T Gliga, E J Jones, D G Murphy, C E Elwell, T Charman, M H Johnson
Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a common, highly heritable, developmental disorder, and later-born siblings of diagnosed children are at higher risk for developing ASD than the general population. Although the emergence of behavioural symptoms of ASD in toddlerhood is well characterised, far less is known about development during the first months of life of infants at familial risk. In a prospective longitudinal study of infants at familial risk followed to 36 months, we measured functional near infrared spectroscopy (fNIRS) brain responses to social videos of people (i...
October 23, 2017: European Journal of Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037377/thermographic-imaging-in-sports-and-exercise-medicine-a-delphi-study-and-consensus-statement-on-the-measurement-of-human-skin-temperature
#10
REVIEW
Danilo Gomes Moreira, Joseph T Costello, Ciro J Brito, Jakub G Adamczyk, Kurt Ammer, Aaron J E Bach, Carlos M A Costa, Clare Eglin, Alex A Fernandes, Ismael Fernández-Cuevas, José J A Ferreira, Damiano Formenti, Damien Fournet, George Havenith, Kevin Howell, Anna Jung, Glen P Kenny, Eleazar S Kolosovas-Machuca, Matthew J Maley, Arcangelo Merla, David D Pascoe, Jose I Priego Quesada, Robert G Schwartz, Adérito R D Seixas, James Selfe, Boris G Vainer, Manuel Sillero-Quintana
The importance of using infrared thermography (IRT) to assess skin temperature (tsk) is increasing in clinical settings. Recently, its use has been increasing in sports and exercise medicine; however, no consensus guideline exists to address the methods for collecting data in such situations. The aim of this study was to develop a checklist for the collection of tsk using IRT in sports and exercise medicine. We carried out a Delphi study to set a checklist based on consensus agreement from leading experts in the field...
October 2017: Journal of Thermal Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28985065/the-origin-of-chalcogen-bonding-interactions
#11
Dominic J Pascoe, Kenneth B Ling, Scott L Cockroft
Favorable molecular interactions between group 16 elements have been implicated in catalysis, biological processes, and materials and medicinal chemistry. Such interactions have since become known as chalcogen bonds by analogy to hydrogen and halogen bonds. Although the prevalence and applications of chalcogen-bonding interactions continues to develop, debate still surrounds the energetic significance and physicochemical origins of this class of σ-hole interaction. Here, synthetic molecular balances were used to perform a quantitative experimental investigation of chalcogen-bonding interactions...
October 17, 2017: Journal of the American Chemical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28970365/early-peritonitis-and-its-outcome-in-incident-peritoneal-dialysis-patients
#12
Emily J See, David W Johnson, Carmel M Hawley, Elaine M Pascoe, Darsy Darssan, Philip A Clayton, Monique Borlace, Sunil V Badve, Kamal Sud, Neil C Boudville, Yeoungjee Cho
BACKGROUND: Early-onset peritonitis is a serious complication of peritoneal dialysis (PD) and is associated with heightened risks of technique failure and death. The risk factors for early peritonitis and its outcomes are unknown. METHODS: This registry study examined all incident Australian PD patients between 2003 and 2014. The primary outcome was early peritonitis, defined as onset within 12 months of starting therapy. Secondary outcomes were medical cure, relapse/recurrence, catheter removal, peritonitis-associated technique failure, and peritonitis-associated death...
September 28, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28965154/trabecular-bone-score-in-men-and-women-with-impaired-fasting-glucose-and-diabetes
#13
Kara L Holloway, Lelia L F De Abreu, Didier Hans, Mark A Kotowicz, Muhammad A Sajjad, Natalie K Hyde, Julie A Pasco
Diabetes is associated with increased skeletal fragility, despite higher bone mineral density (BMD). Alternative measures are necessary to more accurately determine fracture risk in individuals with diabetes. Therefore, we aimed to describe the relationship between trabecular bone score (TBS) and normoglycaemia, impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and diabetes and determine whether TBS-adjusted FRAX (Aus) score differed between these groups. This study included 555 men (68.7 ± 12.2 years) and 514 women (62.0 ± 12...
September 30, 2017: Calcified Tissue International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963884/yoga-mindfulness-based-stress-reduction-and-stress-related-physiological-measures-a-meta-analysis
#14
REVIEW
Michaela C Pascoe, David R Thompson, Chantal F Ski
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Practices that include yoga asanas and mindfulness-based stress reduction for the management of stress are increasingly popular; however, the neurobiological effects of these practices on stress reactivity are not well understood. Many studies investigating the effects of such practices fail to include an active control group. Given the frequency with which people are selecting such interventions as a form of self-management, it is important to determine their effectiveness...
December 2017: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28963127/molecular-neuromuscular-and-recovery-responses-to-light-versus-heavy-resistance-exercise-in-young-men
#15
Cody T Haun, Petey W Mumford, Paul A Roberson, Matthew A Romero, Christopher B Mobley, Wesley C Kephart, Richard G Anderson, Ryan J Colquhoun, Tyler W D Muddle, Michael J Luera, Cameron S Mackey, David D Pascoe, Kaelin C Young, Jeffrey S Martin, Jason M DeFreitas, Nathaniel D M Jenkins, Michael D Roberts
Recent evidence suggests that resistance training with light or heavy loads to failure results in similar adaptations. Herein, we compared how both training modalities affect the molecular, neuromuscular, and recovery responses following exercise. Resistance-trained males (mean ± SE: 22 ± 2 years, 84.8 ± 9.0 kg, 1.79 ± 0.06 m; n = 15) performed a crossover design of four sets of leg extensor exercise at 30% (light RE) or 80% (heavy RE) one repetition maximum (1RM) to repetition failure, and heavy RE or light RE 1 week later...
September 2017: Physiological Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959158/effects-of-a-pre-workout-supplement-on-hyperemia-following-leg-extension-resistance-exercise-to-failure-with-different-resistance-loads
#16
Jeffrey S Martin, Petey W Mumford, Cody T Haun, Micheal J Luera, Tyler W D Muddle, Ryan J Colquhoun, Mary P Feeney, Cameron S Mackey, Paul A Roberson, Kaelin C Young, David D Pascoe, Jason M DeFreitas, Nathaniel D M Jenkins, Michael D Roberts
BACKGROUND: We sought to determine if a pre-workout supplement (PWS), containing multiple ingredients thought to enhance blood flow, increases hyperemia associated with resistance training compared to placebo (PBO). Given the potential interaction with training loads/time-under-tension, we evaluated the hyperemic response at two different loads to failure. METHODS: Thirty males participated in this double-blinded study. At visit 1, participants were randomly assigned to consume PWS (Reckless™) or PBO (maltodextrin and glycine) and performed four sets of leg extensions to failure at 30% or 80% of their 1-RM 45-min thereafter...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956281/patient-evaluation-of-satisfaction-and-outcomes-with-an-autoinjector-for-self-administration-of-subcutaneous-belimumab-in-patients-with-systemic-lupus-erythematosus
#17
Ebony Dashiell-Aje, Gale Harding, Katie Pascoe, Jane DeVries, Pamela Berry, Sulabha Ramachandran
OBJECTIVE: This study assessed patient experiences of using an autoinjector device to self-administer subcutaneous belimumab for the treatment of systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Satisfaction, ease and convenience of use, and confidence with the device were assessed, in addition to overall experience with belimumab. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted among patients who completed a phase IIb open-label, multi-dose usability, tolerability, and safety study of subcutaneous belimumab (NCT02124798), in which patients receiving intravenous belimumab or subcutaneous belimumab using a prefilled syringe were switched to eight weekly self-administered doses of subcutaneous belimumab using the autoinjector...
September 27, 2017: Patient
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950068/reply-to-letter-regarding-the-fulfil-trial
#18
David A Lipson, Helen Barnacle, Ruby Birk, Noushin Brealey, Nicholas Locantore, David A Lomas, Andrea Ludwig-Sengpiel, Rajat Mohindra, Maggie Tabberer, Chang-Qing Zhu, Steven J Pascoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 26, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28947022/the-effect-of-umeclidinium-on-lung-function-and-symptoms-in-patients-with-fixed-airflow-obstruction-and-reversibility-to-salbutamol-a-randomised-3-phase-study
#19
Laurie Lee, Edward Kerwin, Kathryn Collison, Linda Nelsen, Wei Wu, Shuying Yang, Steven Pascoe
INTRODUCTION: The long-acting muscarinic antagonist, umeclidinium (UMEC), combined with the inhaled corticosteroid, fluticasone furoate (FF), improves lung function in symptomatic patients with asthma. We assessed FF/UMEC in patients with a primary diagnosis of asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but physiological characteristics of both (fixed airflow obstruction and reversibility to salbutamol). METHODS: This double-blind, parallel-arm, 3-phase study randomised 338 patients (1:1:1:1:2:2) to FF 100 mcg alone or combined with UMEC (15...
October 2017: Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28944959/antimicrobial-activity-of-lysozyme-isoforms-key-molecular-features
#20
Melanie Derde, Véronique Vié, Astrid Walrant, Sandrine Sagan, Valérie Lechevalier, Catherine Guérin-Dubiard, Stéphane Pezennec, Marie-Françoise Cochet, Gilles Paboeuf, Maryvonne Pasco, Florence Baron, Michel Gautier, Sophie Jan, Françoise Nau
Increasing bacterial resistance towards antibiotics has stimulated research for novel antimicrobials. Proteins acting on bacterial membranes could be a solution. Lysozyme has been proven active against E. coli by disruption of both outer and cytoplasmic membranes, with dry-heating increasing lysozyme activity. Dry-heated lysozyme (DH-L) is a mixture of isoforms (isoaspartyl, native-like and succinimide lysozymes), giving rise to two questions: what effects does each form have, and which physicochemical properties are critical as regards the antibacterial activity? These issues were investigated by fractionating DH-L, analyzing structural properties of each fraction, and testing each fraction in vivo on bacteria and in vitro on membrane models...
September 25, 2017: Biopolymers
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