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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28738007/comparison-of-intraosseous-pentobarbital-administration-and-thoracic-compression-for-euthanasia-of-anesthetized-sparrows-passer-domesticus-and-starlings-sturnus-vulgaris
#1
Joanne R Paul-Murphy, Andrew Engilis, Peter J Pascoe, D Colette Williams, Kate A Gustavsen, Tracy L Drazenovich, M Kevin Keel, Tamsen M Polley, Irene E Engilis
OBJECTIVE To compare intraosseous pentobarbital treatment (IPT) and thoracic compression (TC) on time to circulatory arrest and an isoelectric electroencephalogram (EEG) in anesthetized passerine birds. ANIMALS 30 wild-caught adult birds (17 house sparrows [Passer domesticus] and 13 European starlings [Sturnus vulgaris]). PROCEDURES Birds were assigned to receive IPT or TC (n = 6/species/group). Birds were anesthetized, and carotid arterial pulses were monitored by Doppler methodology. Five subdermal braided-wire electrodes were used for EEG...
August 2017: American Journal of Veterinary Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720395/acetazolamide-and-n-acetylcysteine-in-the-treatment-of-chronic-mountain-sickness-monge-s-disease
#2
Shailendra Sharma, Jane Gralla, Joyce Gonzalez Ordonez, Maria-Elena Hurtado, Erik R Swenson, Robert B Schoene, Jackeline Pando Kelly, David Callacondo, Christopher Rivard, Carlos Roncal-Jimenez, Jeffrey Sirota, Richard Fuquay, Brian P Jackson, Kai E Swenson, Richard J Johnson, Abdias Hurtado, Elizabeth Escudero
Patients suffering from chronic mountain sickness (CMS) have excessive erythrocytosis. Low -level cobalt toxicity as a likely contributor has been demonstrated in some subjects. We performed a randomized, placebo controlled clinical trial in Cerro de Pasco, Peru (4380m), where 84 participants with a hematocrit (HCT) ≥65% and CMS score>6, were assigned to four treatment groups of placebo, acetazolamide (ACZ, which stimulates respiration), N-acetylcysteine (NAC, an antioxidant that chelates cobalt) and combination of ACZ and NAC for 6 weeks...
July 15, 2017: Respiratory Physiology & Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716684/a-comparison-of-retrobulbar-and-two-peribulbar-regional-anesthetic-techniques-in-dog-cadavers
#3
Yael Shilo-Benjamini, Peter J Pascoe, Erik R Wisner, Nili Kahane, Philip H Kass, David J Maggs
OBJECTIVE: To compare injectate distribution and likelihood of regional anesthesia to the orbit following retrobulbar (RB) or peribulbar (PB) injections in dog cadavers. STUDY DESIGN: Randomized, masked study. ANIMALS: Twenty-four dog cadavers (aged 5.5-17 years, 2.0-36.3 kg). METHODS: Orbits underwent one of three injection techniques with bupivacaine 0.5% and iohexol (1:1): ventrolateral RB injection (1-2 mL; 15 orbits), medial canthal PB injection (2-8 mL; PB-1; 16 orbits), or dorsomedial and ventrolateral PB injections (each 1-4 mL; PB-2; 16 orbits)...
April 13, 2017: Veterinary Anaesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712693/diagnostic-performance-of-contrast-enhanced-ct-scan-in-sinusoidal-obstruction-syndrome-induced-by-chemotherapy-of-colorectal-liver-metastases-radio-pathological-correlation
#4
Sophie Cayet, Jeremy Pasco, Fanny Dujardin, Marie Besson, Isabelle Orain, Anne De Muret, Elodie Miquelestorena-Standley, Julien Thiery, Thibaud Genet, Anne-Gwenn Le Bayon
PURPOSE: Sinusoidal obstruction syndrome (SOS) is a likely side effect of colorectal liver metastases (CRLM) chemotherapy. This study aimed to assess computed tomography scan (CT-scan) performance for SOS diagnosis for patients receiving neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NC) prior to CRLM surgery, comparing obtained results with pathological gold standard. METHODS: Preoperative CT-scans of 67 patients who had received a NC prior to liver resection for CRLM from 2011 to 2016 were retrospectively analysed...
July 3, 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698884/all-cause-mortality-risk-in-australian-women-with-impaired-fasting-glucose-and-diabetes
#5
Lelia L F de Abreu, Kara L Holloway, Mohammadreza Mohebbi, Muhammad A Sajjad, Mark A Kotowicz, Julie A Pasco
AIMS: Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) and diabetes are increasing in prevalence worldwide and lead to serious health problems. The aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate the association between impaired fasting glucose or diabetes and mortality over a 10-year period in Australian women. METHODS: This study included 1167 women (ages 20-94 yr) enrolled in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study. Hazard ratios for all-cause mortality in diabetes, IFG, and normoglycaemia were calculated using a Cox proportional hazards model...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698253/outcomes-of-corynebacterium-peritonitis-a-multicenter-registry-analysis
#6
Htay Htay, Yeoungjee Cho, Elaine M Pascoe, Darsy Darssan, Carmel M Hawley, Philip A Clayton, Monique Borlace, Sunil V Badve, Kamal Sud, Neil C Boudville, Stephen P McDonald, David W Johnson
BACKGROUND: Corynebacterium is a rare cause of peritonitis that is increasingly being recognized in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. The aims of this study were to compare Corynebacterium peritonitis outcomes with those of peritonitis caused by other organisms and to examine the effects of type and duration of antibiotic therapy on outcomes of Corynebacterium peritonitis. METHODS: Using Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry (ANZDATA) data, we included all PD patients who developed peritonitis in Australia between 2004 and 2014...
July 11, 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662152/does-external-pneumatic-compression-treatment-between-bouts-of-overreaching-resistance-training-sessions-exert-differential-effects-on-molecular-signaling-and-performance-related-variables-compared-to-passive-recovery-an-exploratory-study
#7
Cody T Haun, Michael D Roberts, Matthew A Romero, Shelby C Osburn, Christopher B Mobley, Richard G Anderson, Michael D Goodlett, David D Pascoe, Jeffrey S Martin
PURPOSE: We sought to compare the effects of external pneumatic compression (EPC) and sham when used concurrently with resistance training on performance-related outcomes and molecular measures related to recovery. METHODS: Twenty (N = 20) resistance-trained male participants (aged 21.6±2.4 years) were randomized to balanced sham or EPC intervention groups. The protocol consisted of 3 consecutive days of heavy, voluminous back squat exercise followed by EPC/sham treatment (Days2-4) and 3 consecutive days of recovery (Days5-7) with EPC/sham only on Days5-6...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28659852/psychosocial-interventions-for-depressive-and-anxiety-symptoms-in-individuals-with-chronic-kidney-disease-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#8
Michaela C Pascoe, David R Thompson, David J Castle, Samantha M McEvedy, Chantal F Ski
Purpose: Depressive and anxiety symptoms are common amongst individuals with chronic kidney disease and are known to affect quality of life adversely. Psychosocial interventions have been shown to decrease depressive and anxiety symptoms in various chronic diseases, but few studies have examined their efficacy in people with chronic kidney disease and no meta-analysis has been published. Thus, the aim of the present systematic review and meta-analysis was to evaluate the effects of psychosocial interventions on depressive and anxiety symptoms as well as quality of life in individuals diagnosed with chronic kidney disease and/or their carers...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637862/multicenter-registry-analysis-of-center-characteristics-associated-with-technique-failure-in-patients-on-incident-peritoneal-dialysis
#9
Htay Htay, Yeoungjee Cho, Elaine M Pascoe, Darsy Darssan, Annie-Claire Nadeau-Fredette, Carmel Hawley, Philip A Clayton, Monique Borlace, Sunil V Badve, Kamal Sud, Neil Boudville, Stephen P McDonald, David W Johnson
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Technique failure is a major limitation of peritoneal dialysis. Our study aimed to identify center- and patient-level predictors of peritoneal dialysis technique failure. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: All patients on incident peritoneal dialysis in Australia from 2004 to 2014 were included in the study using data from the Australia and New Zealand Dialysis and Transplant Registry. Center- and patient-level characteristics associated with technique failure were evaluated using Cox shared frailty models...
June 21, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28633661/prevalence-of-arthritis-according-to-age-sex-and-socioeconomic-status-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries-analysis-of-data-from-the-world-health-organization-study-on-global-ageing-and-adult-health-sage-wave-1
#10
Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, S Cook, M T Leech, S J Bowe, P Kowal, N Naidoo, I N Ackerman, R S Page, S M Hosking, J A Pasco, M Mohebbi
BACKGROUND: In higher income countries, social disadvantage is associated with higher arthritis prevalence; however, less is known about arthritis prevalence or determinants in low to middle income countries (LMICs). We assessed arthritis prevalence by age and sex, and marital status and occupation, as two key parameters of socioeconomic position (SEP), using data from the World Health Organization Study on global AGEing and adult health (SAGE). METHODS: SAGE Wave 1 (2007-10) includes nationally-representative samples of older adults (≥50 yrs), plus smaller samples of adults aged 18-49 yrs...
June 21, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614843/elementary-school-teachers-vocal-dose-muscle-bioenergetics-and-training-implications
#11
Audrey G Smith, Mary J Sandage, David D Pascoe, Laura W Plexico, Italo R Lima, Guanqun Cao
Purpose: Translating exercise-science methodology for determination of muscle bioenergetics, we hypothesized that the temporal voice-use patterns for classroom and music teachers would indicate a reliance on the immediate energy system for laryngeal skeletal-muscle metabolism. It was hypothesized that the music-teacher group would produce longer voiced segments than the classroom teachers. Method: Using a between- and within-group multivariate analysis-of-variance design (5 classroom teachers; 7 music teachers), we analyzed fundamental-frequency data-collected via an ambulatory phonation monitor-for length (seconds) of voiced and nonvoiced intervals...
June 15, 2017: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610112/the-weevil-genera-i-nyphaeba-i-pascoe-and-i-pantiala-i-pascoe-and-the-problems-of-an-unstable-nomenclature-in-orphaned-taxa
#12
Alexander Riedel
The genera Nyphaeba Pascoe and Pantiala Pascoe of Cryptorhynchinae are redescribed and revised. Lectotypes are designated for the names Nyphaeba monommoides Pascoe and Pantiala illusa Pascoe. This facilitates the description of Nyphaeba mimica sp. n. represented by two paralectotypes of Pantiala illusa. Both genera are excluded from the subtribe Tylodina Lacordaire based on their possession of wings and a distinct metanepisternum. The following new combination for a species originally described in Pantiala is proposed: Nyphaeba germari (Faust)...
March 20, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610006/three-new-species-of-i-psyrassa-i-pascoe-1866-coleoptera-cerambycidae-cerambycinae
#13
Antonio Santos-Silva, Juan Pablo Botero, Carlos Taboada-Verona
Currently, Psyrassa Pascoe, 1866 includes 37 species distributed mainly in southern United States to Central America (Monné 2016; Tavakilian and Chevillotte 2016). Only four species occur in northern South America: P. meridionalis Martins, 2005 (Ecuador); P. rufescens Nonfried, 1894 (Brazil); P. testacea Linsley, 1935 (Colombia, Venezuela, French Guiana); and P. subglabra Linsley, 1935 (Ecuador).
April 7, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609879/a-revision-of-the-new-zealand-weevil-genus-irenimus-pascoe-1876-coleoptera-curculionidae-entiminae
#14
Samuel D J Brown
The taxonomy of the New Zealand weevil genus Irenimus Pascoe, 1876 is revised, resulting in a narrower concept of the genus than has been considered in recent decades. In total, the genus now contains only seven species. In addition to the type species, I. parilis Pascoe, 1876, the genus contains I. duplex (Broun, 1904) and five newly described species: I. aniptus new species (type locality, Oamaru, DN), I. crinitus new species (type locality, Hakataramea Valley, SC), I. minimus new species (type locality, Alexandra, CO), I...
May 8, 2017: Zootaxa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28590023/unravelling-the-impact-of-early-life-exposures-on-lung-structure-and-function-in-the-developmental-origins-of-asthma
#15
EDITORIAL
Christopher D Pascoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 7, 2017: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28560269/fractures-in-indigenous-compared-to-non-indigenous-populations-a-systematic-review-of-rates-and-aetiology
#16
REVIEW
Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Sara Vogrin, William D Leslie, Rita Kinsella, Maree Toombs, Gustavo Duque, Sarah M Hosking, Kara L Holloway, Brianna J Doolan, Lana J Williams, Richard S Page, Julie A Pasco, Shae E Quirk
BACKGROUND: Compared to non-indigenous populations, indigenous populations experience disproportionately greater morbidity, and a reduced life expectancy; however, conflicting data exist regarding whether a higher risk of fracture is experienced by either population. We systematically evaluate evidence for whether differences in fracture rates at any skeletal site exist between indigenous and non-indigenous populations of any age, and to identify potential risk factors that might explain these differences...
June 2017: Bone Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28538845/-spatial-analysis-of-gestational-anemia-in-peru-2015
#17
Akram Hernández-Vásquez, Diego Azañedo, Daniel A Antiporta, Sandra Cortés
Objectives: To establish regional prevalences of anemia in pregnant women receiving care at public clinics in Peru in 2015 and identify high-prevalence district conglomerates. Materials and Methods: An ecological study was carried out on data from pregnant women with anemia registered on the Nutritional Status Information System (SIEN) who received care in 7703 public clinics in 2015. Regional and district prevalences of gestational anemia were calculated. District conglomerates with a high prevalence of gestational anemia were identified using the Moran Index...
January 2017: Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28534669/reply-to-lipworth-and-jabbal-and-to-singh-and-vestbo
#18
David A Lipson, Helen Barnacle, Ruby Birk, Noushin Brealey, Nicholas Locantore, David A Lomas, Andrea Ludwig-Sengpiel, Rajat Mohindra, Maggie Tabberer, Chang-Qing Zhu, Steven J Pascoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 23, 2017: American Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28512055/first-plasma-and-tissue-pharmacokinetic-study-of-the-ysnsg-cyclopeptide-a-new-integrin-antagonist-using-microdialysis
#19
Florian Slimano, Zoubir Djerada, Salim Bouchene, Laurence Van Gulick, Sylvie Brassart-Pasco, Sylvain Dukic
The YSNSG peptide is a synthetic peptide targeting αvβ3 integrin. This peptide exhibits promising activity in vitro and in vivo against melanoma. To determine pharmacokinetic parameters and predictive active doses in the central nervous system (CNS) and subcutaneous tissue (SC), we conducted microdialysis coupled with pharmacokinetic modeling and Monte Carlo simulation. After a recovery period of surgical procedures, a microdialysis probe was inserted in the caudate and in subcutaneous tissue. Plasma samples and dialysates collected 5h after YSNSG intravenous administration (10mg/kg) were analyzed by UPLC-MS/MS...
May 13, 2017: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28493321/local-genes-for-local-bacteria-evidence-of-allopatry-in-the-genomes-of-transatlantic-campylobacter-populations
#20
Ben Pascoe, Guillaume Méric, Koji Yahara, Helen Wimalarathna, Susan Murray, Matthew D Hitchings, Emma L Sproston, Catherine D Carrillo, Eduardo N Taboada, Kerry K Cooper, Steven Huynh, Alison J Cody, Keith A Jolley, Martin C J Maiden, Noel D McCarthy, Xavier Didelot, Craig T Parker, Samuel K Sheppard
The genetic structure of bacterial populations can be related to geographical locations of isolation. In some species, there is a strong correlation between geographical distance and genetic distance, which can be caused by different evolutionary mechanisms. Patterns of ancient admixture in Helicobacter pylori can be reconstructed in concordance with past human migration, whereas in Mycobacterium tuberculosis it is the lack of recombination that causes allopatric clusters. In Campylobacter, analyses of genomic data and molecular typing have been successful in determining the reservoir host species, but not geographical origin...
May 10, 2017: Molecular Ecology
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