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M Amber Sajjad, Kara L Holloway, Mark A Kotowicz, Patricia M Livingston, Mustafa Khasraw, Sharon Hakkennes, Trisha L Dunning, Susan Brumby, Richard S Page, Daryl Pedler, Alasdair Sutherland, Svetha Venkatesh, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Lana J Williams, Julie A Pasco
Background: An increasing burden of chronic disease and associated health service delivery is expected due to the ageing Australian population. Injuries also affect health and wellbeing and have a long-term impact on health service utilisation. There is a lack of comprehensive data on disease and injury in rural and regional areas of Australia. The aim of the Ageing, Chronic Disease and Injury study is to compile data from various sources to better describe the patterns of chronic disease and injury across western Victoria...
August 19, 2016: Journal of Public Health Research
Coralie Pasquier, Sylvie Beaufils, Antoine Bouchoux, Sophie Rigault, Bernard Cabane, Mikael Lund, Valérie Lechevalier, Cécile Le Floch-Fouéré, Maryvonne Pasco, Gilles Pabœuf, Javier Pérez, Stéphane Pezennec
We obtained osmotic pressure data of lysozyme solutions, describing their physical states over a wide concentration range, using osmotic stress for pressures between 0.05 bar and about 40 bar and volume fractions between 0.01 and 0.61. The osmotic pressure vs. volume fraction data consist of a dilute, gas-phase regime, a transition regime with a high-compressibility plateau, and a concentrated regime where the system is nearly incompressible. The first two regimes are shifted towards a higher protein volume fraction upon decreasing the strength or the range of electrostatic interactions...
October 5, 2016: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics: PCCP
Elena Longhi, Lynne Murray, Rachael Hunter, David Wellsted, Samantha Taylor-Colls, Kathryn MacKenzie, Gwynne Rayns, Richard Cotmore, Peter Fonagy, Richard M Pasco Fearon
BACKGROUND: Young mothers living in low-income urban settings often are exposed to significant and chronic environmental difficulties including poverty, social isolation and poor education and typically also have to cope with personal histories of abuse and depression. Minding the Baby® (MTB) is an interdisciplinary home-visiting programme developed to support first-time young mothers, which integrates primary care and mental health approaches into a single intensive intervention from the last trimester of pregnancy until the child's second birthday...
October 7, 2016: Trials
John M Pascoe
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 2016: Current Problems in Pediatric and Adolescent Health Care
Heather L Tyler, Mona H Haron, Nirmal D Pugh, Jin Zhang, Colin R Jackson, David S Pasco
Recent studies have indicated that a major contributor to the innate immune enhancing properties of some medicinal plants is derived from the cell wall components of bacteria colonizing these plants. The purpose of the current study was to assess if the bacteria present within edible and medicinal mushrooms substantially contribute to the innate immune stimulating potential of these mushrooms. Whole mushrooms from thirteen types of edible fungi and individual parts from Agaricus bisporus were analyzed for in vitro macrophage activation as well as bacterial lipopolysaccharides (LPS) content, cell load, and community composition...
October 12, 2016: Food & Function
JoEllen M Sefton, J S McAdam, David D Pascoe, K R Lohse, Robert L Banda, Corbin B Henault, Andrew R Cherrington, N E Adams
CONTEXT:  Heat injury is a significant threat to military trainees. Different methods of heat mitigation are in use across military units. Mist fans are 1 of several methods used in the hot and humid climate of Fort Benning, Georgia. OBJECTIVES:  To determine if (1) the mist fan or the cooling towel effectively lowered participant core temperature in the humid environment found at Fort Benning and (2) the mist fan or the cooling towel presented additional physiologic or safety benefits or detriments when used in this environment...
October 6, 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
Michael Costanzo, Benjamin VanderSluis, Elizabeth N Koch, Anastasia Baryshnikova, Carles Pons, Guihong Tan, Wen Wang, Matej Usaj, Julia Hanchard, Susan D Lee, Vicent Pelechano, Erin B Styles, Maximilian Billmann, Jolanda van Leeuwen, Nydia van Dyk, Zhen-Yuan Lin, Elena Kuzmin, Justin Nelson, Jeff S Piotrowski, Tharan Srikumar, Sondra Bahr, Yiqun Chen, Raamesh Deshpande, Christoph F Kurat, Sheena C Li, Zhijian Li, Mojca Mattiazzi Usaj, Hiroki Okada, Natasha Pascoe, Bryan-Joseph San Luis, Sara Sharifpoor, Emira Shuteriqi, Scott W Simpkins, Jamie Snider, Harsha Garadi Suresh, Yizhao Tan, Hongwei Zhu, Noel Malod-Dognin, Vuk Janjic, Natasa Przulj, Olga G Troyanskaya, Igor Stagljar, Tian Xia, Yoshikazu Ohya, Anne-Claude Gingras, Brian Raught, Michael Boutros, Lars M Steinmetz, Claire L Moore, Adam P Rosebrock, Amy A Caudy, Chad L Myers, Brenda Andrews, Charles Boone
We generated a global genetic interaction network for Saccharomyces cerevisiae, constructing more than 23 million double mutants, identifying about 550,000 negative and about 350,000 positive genetic interactions. This comprehensive network maps genetic interactions for essential gene pairs, highlighting essential genes as densely connected hubs. Genetic interaction profiles enabled assembly of a hierarchical model of cell function, including modules corresponding to protein complexes and pathways, biological processes, and cellular compartments...
September 23, 2016: Science
Caroline J Falconer, Aitor Rovira, John A King, Paul Gilbert, Angus Antley, Pasco Fearon, Neil Ralph, Mel Slater, Chris R Brewin
BACKGROUND: Self-criticism is a ubiquitous feature of psychopathology and can be combatted by increasing levels of self-compassion. However, some patients are resistant to self-compassion. AIMS: To investigate whether the effects of self-identification with virtual bodies within immersive virtual reality could be exploited to increase self-compassion in patients with depression. METHOD: We developed an 8-minute scenario in which 15 patients practised delivering compassion in one virtual body and then experienced receiving it from themselves in another virtual body...
January 2016: BJPsych Open
Cody T Haun, Wesley C Kephart, Angelia M Holland, Christopher B Mobley, Anna E McCloskey, Joshua J Shake, David D Pascoe, Michael D Roberts, Jeffrey S Martin
INTRODUCTION: Inorganic nitrate ingestion has been posited to affect arterial blood pressure and vascular function. PURPOSE: We sought to determine the acute effect of a red spinach extract (RSE) high in inorganic nitrate on vascular reactivity 1-h after ingestion in peripheral conduit and resistance arteries. METHODS: Fifteen (n = 15; males 8, females 7) apparently healthy subjects (aged 23.1 ± 3.3 years; BMI 27.2 ± 3.7 kg/m(2)) participated in this crossover design, double-blinded study...
September 30, 2016: European Journal of Applied Physiology
M B Azad, B L Moyce, L Guillemette, C D Pascoe, B Wicklow, J M McGavock, A J Halayko, V W Dolinsky
Diabetes is an increasingly common complication of pregnancy. In parallel with this trend, a rise in chronic lung disease in children has been observed in recent decades. While several adverse health outcomes associated with exposure to diabetes in utero have been documented in epidemiological and experimental studies, few have examined the impact of diabetes in pregnancy on offspring lung health and respiratory disease. We provide a comprehensive overview of current literature on this topic, finding suggestive evidence that exposure to diabetes in utero may have adverse effects on lung development...
August 19, 2016: Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
Steven Pascoe, Wei Wu, Chang-Qing Zhu, Dave Singh
Categorization of patients with COPD as reversible or nonreversible to a bronchodilator may change over time. This post hoc analysis aimed to determine if an individual's reversibility, when treated as a continuous variable, could predict his/her future response to two short-acting bronchodilators: albuterol and ipratropium. The analysis was completed using data from a 4-week, randomized, open-label, two-period crossover study (NCT01691482; GSK study DB2114956). Patients received albuterol (doses: UK =4×100 μg/puff; US =4×90 μg/puff) followed 1 hour later by ipratropium (4×20 μg/puff) or vice versa during treatment Period 1...
2016: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Alan McNally, Yaara Oren, Darren Kelly, Ben Pascoe, Steven Dunn, Tristan Sreecharan, Minna Vehkala, Niko Välimäki, Michael B Prentice, Amgad Ashour, Oren Avram, Tal Pupko, Ulrich Dobrindt, Ivan Literak, Sebastian Guenther, Katharina Schaufler, Lothar H Wieler, Zong Zhiyong, Samuel K Sheppard, James O McInerney, Jukka Corander
The use of whole-genome phylogenetic analysis has revolutionized our understanding of the evolution and spread of many important bacterial pathogens due to the high resolution view it provides. However, the majority of such analyses do not consider the potential role of accessory genes when inferring evolutionary trajectories. Moreover, the recently discovered importance of the switching of gene regulatory elements suggests that an exhaustive analysis, combining information from core and accessory genes with regulatory elements could provide unparalleled detail of the evolution of a bacterial population...
September 2016: PLoS Genetics
P W Crous, M J Wingfield, D M Richardson, J J Le Roux, D Strasberg, J Edwards, F Roets, V Hubka, P W J Taylor, M Heykoop, M P Martín, G Moreno, D A Sutton, N P Wiederhold, C W Barnes, J R Carlavilla, J Gené, A Giraldo, V Guarnaccia, J Guarro, M Hernández-Restrepo, M Kolařík, J L Manjón, I G Pascoe, E S Popov, M Sandoval-Denis, J H C Woudenberg, K Acharya, A V Alexandrova, P Alvarado, R N Barbosa, I G Baseia, R A Blanchette, T Boekhout, T I Burgess, J F Cano-Lira, A Čmoková, R A Dimitrov, M Yu Dyakov, M Dueñas, A K Dutta, F Esteve-Raventós, A G Fedosova, J Fournier, P Gamboa, D E Gouliamova, T Grebenc, M Groenewald, B Hanse, G E St J Hardy, B W Held, Ž Jurjević, T Kaewgrajang, K P D Latha, L Lombard, J J Luangsa-Ard, P Lysková, N Mallátová, P Manimohan, A N Miller, M Mirabolfathy, O V Morozova, M Obodai, N T Oliveira, M E Ordóñez, E C Otto, S Paloi, S W Peterson, C Phosri, J Roux, W A Salazar, A Sánchez, G A Sarria, H-D Shin, B D B Silva, G A Silva, M Th Smith, C M Souza-Motta, A M Stchigel, M M Stoilova-Disheva, M A Sulzbacher, M T Telleria, C Toapanta, J M Traba, N Valenzuela-Lopez, R Watling, J Z Groenewald
Novel species of fungi described in the present study include the following from Australia: Vermiculariopsiella eucalypti, Mulderomyces natalis (incl. Mulderomyces gen. nov.), Fusicladium paraamoenum, Neotrimmatostroma paraexcentricum, and Pseudophloeospora eucalyptorum on leaves of Eucalyptus spp., Anungitea grevilleae (on leaves of Grevillea sp.), Pyrenochaeta acaciae (on leaves of Acacia sp.), and Brunneocarpos banksiae (incl. Brunneocarpos gen. nov.) on cones of Banksia attenuata. Novel foliicolous taxa from South Africa include Neosulcatispora strelitziae (on Strelitzia nicolai), Colletotrichum ledebouriae (on Ledebouria floridunda), Cylindrosympodioides brabejum (incl...
June 2016: Persoonia
Richard C Rapp, John Pascoe
PURPOSE: Given the importance of partnership in improving health care outcomes among children, there is a substantial need to understand better what partnership means to parents and physicians. The goal of this study was to develop a partnership survey that was based on parents' and pediatricians' opinions about the key concepts of partnership. METHODS: Parents of patients visiting an affluent suburban private practice and a federally qualified health center, and 2 groups of pediatricians, were asked to review 61 partnership concepts and identify those they considered as being important to partnership...
September 2016: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
Ricardo Peterson Silveira, Pro Stergiou, Felipe P Carpes, Flávio A de S Castro, Larry Katz, Darren J Stefanyshyn
The aim of this study was to determine the precision and accuracy of the vertical and anterior-posterior force components of the portable PASCO PS-2142 force plate. Impulse, peak force, and time to peak force were assessed and compared to a gold standard force plate in three different tasks: vertical jump, forward jump, and sprint start. Two healthy male participants performed ten trials for each task, resulting in 60 trials. Data analyses revealed good precision and accuracy for the vertical component of the portable force plate, with relative bias and root mean square (RMS) error values nearly the same in all tasks for the impulse, time to peak force, and peak force parameters...
September 2, 2016: Sports Biomechanics
David A Stempel, Stanley J Szefler, Søren Pedersen, Robert S Zeiger, Anne M Yeakey, Laurie A Lee, Andrew H Liu, Herman Mitchell, Kenneth M Kral, Ibrahim H Raphiou, Barbara A Prillaman, Kathleen S Buaron, Suyong Yun Kirby, Steven J Pascoe
BACKGROUND: Long-acting beta-agonists (LABAs) have been shown to increase the risk of asthma-related death among adults and the risk of asthma-related hospitalization among children. It is unknown whether the concomitant use of inhaled glucocorticoids with LABAs mitigates those risks. This trial prospectively evaluated the safety of the LABA salmeterol, added to fluticasone propionate, in a fixed-dose combination in children. METHODS: We randomly assigned, in a 1:1 ratio, children 4 to 11 years of age who required daily asthma medications and had a history of asthma exacerbations in the previous year to receive fluticasone propionate plus salmeterol or fluticasone alone for 26 weeks...
September 1, 2016: New England Journal of Medicine
Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Shae E Quirk, William D Leslie, Maree Toombs, Kara L Holloway, Sarah M Hosking, Julie A Pasco, Brianna J Doolan, Richard S Page, Lana J Williams
INTRODUCTION: Over recent years, there has been concerted effort to 'close the gap' in the disproportionately reduced life expectancy and increased morbidity experienced by indigenous compared to non-indigenous persons. Specific to musculoskeletal health, some data suggest that indigenous peoples have a higher risk of sustaining a fracture compared to non-indigenous peoples. This creates an imperative to identify factors that could explain differences in fracture rates. This protocol presents our aim to conduct a systematic review, first, to determine whether differences in fracture rates exist for indigenous versus non-indigenous persons and, second, to identify any risk factors that might explain these differences...
2016: BMJ Open
Natalie K Hyde, Sharon L Brennan-Olsen, Kathy Bennett, David J Moloney, Julie A Pasco
Objectives Maternal nutrition during pregnancy plays an important role in predisposing offspring to the development of chronic disease in adulthood, including osteoporosis. Our aim was to investigate maternal dietary intakes during pregnancy, with a focus on nutrients important for skeletal development in the offspring. Methods In this case-control study, cases were pregnant women recruited for the Vitamin D in Pregnancy Study (n = 350, age 20-40 years) and controls were non-pregnant peers participating in the Geelong Osteoporosis Study (n = 305, age 20-40 years)...
August 20, 2016: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Xiaomei Yan, Zongwei Li, Monika A Chlebowicz, Xiaoxia Tao, Ming Ni, Yuan Hu, Zhen Li, Hajo Grundmann, Susan Murray, Ben Pascoe, Samuel K Sheppard, Xiaochen Bo, Jan Maarten van Dijl, Pengcheng Du, Minli Zhang, Yuanhai You, Xiaojie Yu, Fanliang Meng, Shengqi Wang, Jianzhong Zhang
Whole-genome sequencing (WGS) was used to investigate the genetic features of the recently identified lsa(E) gene in porcine S. aureus ST9 isolates. Three quinupristin/dalfopristin-resistant isolates harboring the lsa(E) gene (two MRSA and one MSSA) were sequenced. Phylogenetic analysis of 184S. aureus genomes showed that ST9 porcine isolates belong to a distinct sequence cluster. Further analysis showed that all isolates were deficient in the recently described type IV restriction-modification system and SCCmec type XII was identified in the two MRSA isolates, which included a rare class C2 mec gene complex...
August 10, 2016: International Journal of Medical Microbiology: IJMM
Sergei E Tshernyshev
The taxonomic composition of Intybia-group species of Thailand and Philippines is revised. The genus Intybia Pascoe, 1886 and the type species I. guttata Pascoe, 1866 are studied and redescribed in detail. Seven species with maculate elytra and sculptured head, T. doipuiensis (Wittmer, 1997), comb. n., T. luzonica (Wittmer, 1997), comb. n., T. mindoroica (Wittmer, 1997), comb. n., T. prudeki (Wittmer, 1997), comb. n., T. thainiensis (Wittmer, 1997), comb. n., T. palawana (Pic, 1910), comb. n. and T. testaceicornis (Pic, 1944) (provisionally) are transferred from Laius Guérin-Méneville, 1831 to Troglointybia Tshernyshev, 2015, and 12 species of Laius Guérin-Méneville with maculate elytra, simple head and lacking tarsal comb in male, I...
2016: Zootaxa
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