keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

reticulocyte

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27933529/qtl-mapping-and-identification-of-candidate-genes-in-do-mice-a-use-case-model-derived-from-a-benzene-toxicity-experiment
#1
Dan Gatti, John E French, Klaus Schughart
Diversity Outbred (DO) mice are a multiparental advanced generation intercross population derived from eight inbred strains which are genetically very diverse. They are maintained as an outbred population using a randomized mating design. Thus DO mice represent an ideal population to map phenotypic traits. Here, we provide a case study in which male DO mice were exposed to benzene and phenotyped for the number of micronucleated reticulocytes. We provide step-by-step R scripts for the analysis of phenotypes, genotypes, mapping of resistance gene loci and identification of candidate genes...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931822/evaluation-of-red-blood-cell-pig-a-assay-and-pigret-assay-in-rats-using-chlorambucil
#2
Akihisa Maeda, Kei Takahashi, Hiromi Tsuchiyama, Keiyu Oshida
The Pig-a assay is a novel method to assess the in vivo mutagenicity of compounds, and it is expected to be useful for the detection of genotoxicity. In this study, to assess the performance of the Pig-a assay targeting red blood cells (RBCs; RBC Pig-a assay) and reticulocytes (RETs; PIGRET assay), chlorambucil, which is a genotoxicant, was orally administered to male rats once at 10, 20 and 40mg/kg on Day 1, and the mutant frequencies (MFs) of RBCs and RETs were examined periodically. In the RBC Pig-a assay, significant increases in MFs were observed at 40mg/kg on Day 15 and at 20mg/kg or higher on Day 29...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931821/evaluation-of-the-rbc-pig-a-assay-and-the-pigret-assay-using-benzo-a-pyrene-in-rats
#3
Ryuta Kikuzuki, Haruka Sato, Ai Fujiwara, Tomoko Takahashi, Yosuke Ogiwara, Mihoko Sugiura
The red blood cell (RBC) Pig-a assay has the potential to detect the in vivo mutagenicity of chemicals. Recently, use of the Pig-a assay with reticulocytes (the PIGRET assay) reportedly enabled the in vivo mutagenicity of chemicals to be detected earlier than using the RBC Pig-a assay. To evaluate whether the PIGRET assay is useful and effective as a short-term test, compared with the RBC Pig-a assay, we performed both assays using benzo[a]pyrene (BP), which is a well-known mutagen. BP was used to dose 8-week-old male rats orally at 0, 75...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931820/evaluation-for-a-mutagenicity-of-aristolochic-acid-by-pig-a-and-pigret-assays-in-rats
#4
Naomi Koyama, Yutaka Yonezawa, Michi Nakamura, Hisakazu Sanada
The Pig-a assay, which uses the endogenous phosphatidylinositol glycan, class A gene (Pig-a) as a reporter of mutation, has been developed as a method for evaluating in vivo mutagenicity. Pig-a gene mutation can be detected by identifying the presence of CD59, the glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchor protein, on the surface of erythrocytes (RBC Pig-a assay) and reticulocytes (PIGRET assay). The International Workshop on Genotoxicity Testing (IWGT) showed the usefulness of the RBC Pig-a assay through the evaluation of several compounds...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931819/results-of-rat-pig-a-pigret-assay-with-a-single-dose-regimen-of-1-3-propane-sultone-and-2-acetyl-aminofluorene
#5
Miyuki Shigano, Nana Ishii, Rie Takashima, Hideki Harada, Hironao Takasawa, Shuichi Hamada
The Pig-a assay is a useful in vivo mutation detecting test and is easier to perform than the in vivo transgenic mutation assay. This assay is now recognized to be able to detect a number of mutagenic chemicals administered to rats in sub-acute or sub-chronic dose studies. The present investigation was conducted to evaluate the usefulness of peripheral blood Pig-a assays with total red blood cells (RBC Pig-a assay) and with reticulocytes (PIGRET assay) using two genotoxic rodent carcinogens, 1,3-propane sultone (1,3-PS) and 2-acetylaminofluorene (2-AAF)...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931818/evaluation-of-the-pigret-assay-as-a-short-term-test-using-a-single-dose-of-diethylnitrosamine
#6
Kunio Wada, Risako Nishino, Tomoki Fukuyama, Kyomu Matsumoto
The PIGRET assay, which was developed as the Pig-a assay in reticulocytes, can detect mutagenicity of compounds earlier than the Pig-a assay in total red blood cells (RBC; RBC Pig-a assay). The usefulness of the PIGRET assay as a short-term test has been confirmed in a collaborative study in Japan with 24 chemicals. One of these chemicals, diethylnitrosamine (DEN), which mainly induces liver tumors in both sexes of rats, was tested. To determine the appropriate doses, DEN was dissolved in physiological saline and administered orally with a single dose to male 8-week-old Sprague-Dawley rats in a preliminary dose-range finding study...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931817/evaluation-of-the-pigret-assay-in-rats-by-single-oral-dosing-with-azidothymidine
#7
Hisakazu Sanada, Tomoka Ohsumi, Naomi Koyama, Taishi Miyashita, Kazuto Hashimoto
In vivo phosphatidylinositol glycan, class A (Pig-a) gene mutation assay using peripheral blood is known to be a novel and useful tool to evaluate the mutagenicity of compounds. Recently, the rat PIGRET assay which is an improved method for measuring Pig-a mutant cells in reticulocytes with magnetic enrichment of CD71 positive cells has been developed. Several reports showed that the PIGRET assay could detect the increase of Pig-a mutant frequency earlier than the Pig-a assay in total red blood cells (RBC Pig-a assay)...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931816/red-blood-cell-pig-a-assay-and-pigret-assay-in-rats-with-azathioprine
#8
Ikuma Yoshida, Akemi Matsumoto, Yumi Sakai, Yumiko Harada, Tsuneo Hashizume
A new in vivo gene mutation assay has been developed based on the phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, Class A gene (Pig-a in rodents) as an endogenous reporter. Using this Pig-a assay, the in vivo mutagenicity of a single dose of azathioprine (Aza) was investigated in red blood cells (RBC Pig-a assay) and reticulocytes (PIGRET) of rats. Eight-week old male rats were orally dosed once with Aza at 50, 100 and 200mg/kg or ethylnitrosourea (ENU) at 10 and 40mg/kg as a positive control. Because 4 out of 6 animals at 200mg/kg of Aza died 3days after the dosing, this dose group was excluded for analyses...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931815/evaluation-of-mutagenicity-of-acrylamide-using-rbc-pig-a-and-pigret-assays-by-single-peroral-dose-in-rats
#9
Katsuyoshi Horibata, Akiko Ukai, Masamitsu Honma
The Pig-a gene mutation assay, a powerful tool for evaluating in vivo genotoxicity, is based on flow cytometric enumeration of red blood cells (RBCs), which are deficient in glycosylphosphatidylinositol anchored proteins caused by mutation(s) in the Pig-a gene. Various approaches for measuring cells with mutated Pig-a gene have been developed. The Pig-a assay targeting concentrated reticulocytes - the PIGRET assay - has the potential to detect genotoxicity in early stages of the study. To verify the potential and usefulness of the PIGRET assay for short-term testing, we conducted a joint research with the Mammalian Mutagenicity Study (MMS) Group of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931814/pyrene-did-not-induce-gene-mutation-in-red-blood-cell-pig-a-assay-and-pigret-assay-in-rats
#10
Ikuma Yoshida, Akemi Matsumoto, Yumi Sakai, Yumiko Harada, Tsuneo Hashizume
A new in vivo gene mutation assay has been developed based on the phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, Class A gene (Pig-a in rodents) as an endogenous reporter. Although a large number of chemicals have been evaluated in the rat Pig-a assay in 28-day repeat dose regimens, there was limited reporting of rat Pig-a assay after a single dose. A collaborative study by the Mammalian Mutagenicity Study group, which is a subgroup of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society, was conducted to verify the usefulness of the rat Pig-a assay after a single dose as a short-term genotoxicity test...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931813/evaluation-of-the-in-vivo-mutagenicity-of-melamine-by-the-rbc-pig-a-assay-and-pigret-assay
#11
Takahiro Kyoya, Masami Hori, Megumi Terada
The Pig-a assay is a new in vivo genotoxicity test for detecting mutagens in the bodies of animals, using the endogenous Pig-a gene as the target. There are two types of Pig-a assays: the red blood cell (RBC) Pig-a assay, which uses RBCs, and the PIGRET assay, which uses reticulocytes. The Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society-Mammalian Mutagenicity Study Group collaborative study of the Pig-a assay was carried out to investigate the usefulness of the PIGRET assay. The mutagenicity of melamine was evaluated as part of this study...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931812/evaluation-of-the-rbc-pig-a-and-pigret-assays-using-single-doses-of-hydroxyurea-and-melphalan-in-rats
#12
Hideki Adachi, Yasuaki Uematsu, Toru Yamada
To evaluate the suitability of the rat Pig-a assay on reticulocytes (PIGRET assay) as a short-term test, red blood cell (RBC) Pig-a and PIGRET assays after single doses with hydroxyurea (HU) and melphalan (L-PAM) were conducted and the results of both assays were compared. HU was administered once orally to male SD rats at 250, 500 and 1000mg/kg, and both assays were conducted using peripheral blood withdrawn from the jugular vein at 1, 2 and 4 weeks after dosing. L-PAM was administered at 1.25, 2.5 and 5mg/kg in the same manner...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931811/the-pigret-assay-a-method-for-measuring-pig-a-gene-mutation-in-reticulocytes-is-reliable-as-a-short-term-in-vivo-genotoxicity-test-summary-of-the-mms-jems-collaborative-study-across-16-laboratories-using-24-chemicals
#13
Takafumi Kimoto, Katsuyoshi Horibata, Daishiro Miura, Satsuki Chikura, Yuki Okada, Akiko Ukai, Satoru Itoh, Shiho Nakayama, Hisakazu Sanada, Naomi Koyama, Shigeharu Muto, Yoshifumi Uno, Mika Yamamoto, Yuta Suzuki, Takayuki Fukuda, Ken Goto, Kunio Wada, Takahiro Kyoya, Miyuki Shigano, Hironao Takasawa, Shuichi Hamada, Hideki Adachi, Yasuaki Uematsu, Eri Tsutsumi, Hisako Hori, Ryuta Kikuzuki, Yosuke Ogiwara, Ikuma Yoshida, Akihisa Maeda, Kazunori Narumi, Yohei Fujiishi, Takeshi Morita, Masami Yamada, Masamitsu Honma
The in vivo mutation assay using the X-linked phosphatidylinositol glycan class A gene (Pig-a in rodents, PIG-A in humans) is a promising tool for evaluating the mutagenicity of chemicals. Approaches for measuring Pig-a mutant cells have focused on peripheral red blood cells (RBCs) and reticulocytes (RETs) from rodents. The recently developed PIGRET assay is capable of screening >1×10(6) RETs for Pig-a mutants by concentrating RETs in whole blood prior to flow cytometric analysis. Additionally, due to the characteristics of erythropoiesis, the PIGRET assay can potentially detect increases in Pig-a mutant frequency (MF) sooner after exposure compared with a Pig-a assay targeting total RBCs (RBC Pig-a assay)...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931810/evaluation-of-in-vivo-gene-mutation-with-etoposide-using-pig-a-and-pigret-assays
#14
Mika Yamamoto, Akihiro Wakata
The Pig-a assay detects the expression of the endogenous phosphatidylinositol glycan anchor biosynthesis, class A gene (Pig-a) as a reporter of mutations and shows promise for detecting mutations in vivo. This assay requires two to four weeks to detect mutations in erythrocytes after animals are administered a single dose of test compound. In contrast, the more recently developed PIGRET assay using reticulocytes detects mutation sensitively one week after dosing, which is an advantage for conducting short-term genotoxicity studies in vivo...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931809/report-on-the-rat-pig-a-assay-using-an-anti-rat-erythroid-marker-his49-antibody-in-a-single-dose-study-of-1-2-dimethylhydrazine
#15
Satsuki Chikura, Yuki Okada, Takafumi Kimoto, Hideshi Kaneko, Daishiro Miura, Yoshinori Kasahara
As part of a collaborative study in the Mammalian Mutagenicity Study (MMS) Group of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society (JEMS), we investigated the in vivo genotoxicity profile of 1,2-dimethylhydrazine (DMH) using a Pig-a assay in total red blood cells (RBC Pig-a assay) or a reticulocyte Pig-a assay (PIGRET assay). We also assessed the genotoxic potential of DMH using both a bone marrow micronucleus test and a liver comet assay as follow-up studies. Single administration of 25, 50, 100mg/kg DMH to male rats did not show time- or dose-related increases in Pig-a mutant frequency (MF) in either the RBC Pig-a or PIGRET assays up to 4 weeks after treatment...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931807/measuring-reproducibility-of-dose-response-data-for-the-pig-a-assay-using-covariate-benchmark-dose-analysis
#16
George E Johnson, Mika Yamamoto, Yuta Suzuki, Hideki Adachi, Takahiro Kyoya, Hironao Takasawa, Katsuyoshi Horibata, Eri Tsutsumi, Kunio Wada, Ryuta Kikuzuki, Ikuma Yoshida, Takafumi Kimoto, Akihisa Maeda, Kazunori Narumi
The reproducibility of the in vivo Pig-a gene mutation test system was assessed across 13 different Japanese laboratories. In each laboratory rats were exposed to the same dosing regimen of N-nitroso-N-ethylurea (ENU), and red blood cells (RBCs) and reticulocytes (RETs) were collected for mutant phenotypic analysis using flow cytometry. Mutant frequency dose response data were analysed using the PROAST benchmark dose (BMD) statistical package. Laboratory was used as a covariate during the analysis to allow all dose responses to be analysed at the same time, with conserved shape parameters...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931806/detection-of-pig-a-gene-mutants-in-rat-peripheral-blood-following-a-single-urethane-treatment-a-comparison-of-the-rbc-pig-a-and-pigret-assays
#17
Kazunori Narumi, Yohei Fujiishi, Emiko Okada, Wakako Ohyama
The rat red blood cell (RBC) Pig-a assay has been recommended by an expert working group of the International Workshop on Genotoxicity Testing as a potential new method to evaluate in vivo gene mutations in regulatory genotoxicity risk assessments. In a collaborative study in Japan, an improved Pig-a assay using reticulocytes (PIGRET assay) with magnetic enrichment of CD71-positive cells was evaluated, and it was revealed that this assay could detect the mutagenicity of chemicals earlier than the RBC Pig-a assay could...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931805/evaluation-of-single-dose-rbc-pig-a-and-pigret-assays-in-detecting-the-mutagenicity-of-thiotepa-in-rats
#18
Eri Tsutsumi, Ayaka Momonami, Hisako Hori, Yoshinori Kitagawa
The Pig-a assay, which uses reticulocytes (PIGRET assay) as target cells, is anticipated to detect mutagenicity at earlier time points than the RBC Pig-a assay, which uses all red blood cells as target cells. As part of a collaborative study conducted by the Mammalian Mutagenicity Study (MMS) Group, we evaluated the PIGRET and RBC Pig-a assays to detect Pig-a gene mutations induced by the carcinogen thiotepa. A single dose of thiotepa at 7.5, 15, and 30mg/kg was administered to 8-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats by oral gavage...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931804/evaluation-of-the-mutagenicity-of-alkylating-agents-methylnitrosourea-and-temozolomide-using-the-rat-pig-a-assay-with-total-red-blood-cells-or-reticulocytes
#19
Shigeharu Muto, Katsuya Yamada, Tatsuya Kato, Masamitsu Ando, Yoshimi Inoue, Yumiko Iwase, Yoshifumi Uno
A collaborative study of the endogenous phosphatidylinositol glycan class A (Pig-a) gene mutation assay was conducted by the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society/Mammalian Mutagenicity Study Group with a single-dosing regimen of test chemicals administered to male rats. As a part of the study, two DNA alkylating agents, methylnitrosourea (MNU) and temozolomide (TMZ), were dosed by single oral gavage at 25, 50, and 100mg/kg body weight. Pig-a mutant analysis of total red blood cells (RBCs; RBC Pig-a assay) and reticulocytes (RETs; PIGRET assay) was performed on Days 8, 15 and 29 after the administration...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27931803/the-rat-pig-a-assay-using-an-erythroid-his49-antibody-in-a-single-dose-study-of-isopropyl-p-toluenesulfonate
#20
Satsuki Chikura, Yuki Okada, Takafumi Kimoto, Hideshi Kaneko, Daishiro Miura, Yoshinori Kasahara
As part of a collaborative study in the Mammalian Mutagenicity Study group of the Japanese Environmental Mutagen Society, we evaluated the in vivo mutagenicity of isopropyl p-toluenesulfonate (IPTS) using a peripheral blood Pig-a assay in rats. Pig-a mutant frequency (MF) data was obtained for both red blood cells (RBCs) and reticulocytes (RETs) at 1, 2 and 4 weeks after a single oral administration of IPTS at doses of 125, 250, or 500mg/kg. The results of the RBC Pig-a assay demonstrated that both the 250 and 500mg/kg treatment groups showed significant increases in Pig-a MF only at 4 weeks after IPTS treatment...
November 15, 2016: Mutation Research
keyword
keyword
112718
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"