Read by QxMD icon Read

SIRS and sepsis

U Hassan, R Zhu, R Bashir
Sepsis, as a leading cause of death worldwide, relies on systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria for its diagnosis. SIRS is highly non-specific as it relies on monitoring of patients' vitals for sepsis diagnosis, which are known to change with many confounding factors. Changes in leukocyte counts and CD64 expression levels are known specific biomarkers of pro-inflammatory host response at the onset of sepsis. Recently, we have developed a biosensor chip that can enumerate the leukocyte counts and quantify the neutrophil CD64 expression levels from a drop of blood...
March 22, 2018: Lab on a Chip
Jared Brazg, Phyllis Huang, Corey Weiner, Guneet Singh, Antonios Likourezos, Linda Salem, Eitan Dickman, John Marshall
IMPORTANCE: Emergency Physicians often rely on Lactic Acid (LA) values to make important clinical decisions. Accuracy of LA values improve when blood gas analysis is performed in the emergency department (ED) as opposed to a satellite laboratory (SL). OBJECTIVE: To investigate an association between blood gas laboratory location and accuracy of ED lactic acid samples. METHODS: The study team evaluated lactic acid values from venous and arterial blood gas samples drawn between June 1, 2015 and September 30, 2016...
March 12, 2018: American Journal of Emergency Medicine
Florian Lamping, Thomas Jack, Nicole Rübsamen, Michael Sasse, Philipp Beerbaum, Rafael T Mikolajczyk, Martin Boehne, André Karch
BACKGROUND: Since early antimicrobial therapy is mandatory in septic patients, immediate diagnosis and distinction from non-infectious SIRS is essential but hampered by the similarity of symptoms between both entities. We aimed to develop a diagnostic model for differentiation of sepsis and non-infectious SIRS in critically ill children based on routinely available parameters (baseline characteristics, clinical/laboratory parameters, technical/medical support). METHODS: This is a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial conducted at a German tertiary-care pediatric intensive care unit (PICU)...
March 15, 2018: BMC Pediatrics
Liqin Gao, Bin Yang, Hairong Zhang, Qishui Ou, Yulan Lin, Mei Zhang, Zhenhuan Zhang, Sunghee Kim, Bing Wu, Zeng Wang, Lengxi Fu, Jingan Lin, Ruiqing Chen, Ruilong Lan, Junying Chen, Wei Chen, Long Chen, Hengshan Zhang, Deping Han, Jingrong Chen, Paul Okunieff, Jianhua Lin, Lurong Zhang
Early diagnosis of sepsis is critical for successful treatment. The clinical value of DcR3 in early diagnosis of sepsis was determined in a dynamic follow-up study. Alterations in plasma levels of DcR3, PCT, CRP, and IL-6 were measured by ELISA and compared among patients with sepsis ( n = 134), SIRS ( n = 60) and normal adults ( n = 50). Correlations and dynamic patterns among the biomarkers, APACHE II scores, clinical outcomes, and pathogens were also examined. Plasma DcR3 was significantly increased in sepsis compared to SIRS and normal adults (median 3...
February 16, 2018: Oncotarget
Abhishek Jairam, Ping Song, Nirav B Patel, Michael S Wong
BACKGROUND: The National Pressure Ulcer Advisory Panel estimates pressure sore care to approach $11 billion annually. It is not uncommon for these patients to present to the emergency department (ED) with a chief concern of a pressure sore, while concurrently carrying an undiagnosed infectious process that is the culprit for the acute presentation, rather than the chronic pressure injury. We aim to identify patients who met systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria at ED presentation who were referred to plastic and reconstructive surgery for pressure sore debridement prior to a complete medical workup...
February 27, 2018: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Robert Goulden, Marie-Claire Hoyle, Jessie Monis, Darran Railton, Victoria Riley, Paul Martin, Reynaldo Martina, Emmanuel Nsutebu
BACKGROUND: The third international consensus definition for sepsis recommended use of a new prognostic tool, the quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA), based on its ability to predict inhospital mortality and prolonged intensive care unit (ICU) stay in patients with suspected infection. While several studies have compared the prognostic accuracy of qSOFA to the Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome (SIRS) criteria in suspected sepsis, few have compared qSOFA and SIRS to the widely used National Early Warning Score (NEWS)...
February 21, 2018: Emergency Medicine Journal: EMJ
Robert Chase Cockrell, Gary An
Sepsis, a manifestation of the body's inflammatory response to injury and infection, has a mortality rate of between 28%-50% and affects approximately 1 million patients annually in the United States. Currently, there are no therapies targeting the cellular/molecular processes driving sepsis that have demonstrated the ability to control this disease process in the clinical setting. We propose that this is in great part due to the considerable heterogeneity of the clinical trajectories that constitute clinical "sepsis," and that determining how this system can be controlled back into a state of health requires the application of concepts drawn from the field of dynamical systems...
February 2018: PLoS Computational Biology
Cheryl P Z Foo, Jamie A Seabrook, Gurinder Sangha, Jennifer Ruth Foster
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the incidence and outcomes of patients presenting with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) in the pediatric emergency department (PED). METHODS: This was a descriptive, retrospective cohort study of all patients from birth to 18 years presenting to the PED of a single center on 16 days distributed over 1 year. The presence of presumed SIRS (pSIRS, defined as noncore temperature measurement and cell count when clinically indicated) and sepsis was determined for all study patients...
February 12, 2018: Pediatric Emergency Care
J C Patterson-Kane, N P Karikoski, C M McGowan
Laminitis, one of the most debilitating conditions of all equids, is now known to be the result of several systemic disease entities. This finding, together with other recent developments in the field of laminitis research, have provoked a rethink of our clinical and research strategies for this condition. First, laminitis is now considered to be a clinical syndrome associated with systemic disease (endocrine disease, sepsis or systemic inflammatory response syndrome, SIRS) or altered weight bearing rather than being a discrete disease entity...
January 2018: Veterinary Journal
John-Edwin Thomson, Martin Brand, Pascaline Fonteh
BACKGROUND: Severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) is characterised by two distinct clinical phases. Organ dysfunction and death is initially as a result of a systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS). Systemic sepsis from infected pancreatic necrosis characterises the second phase, the so called 'second hit' of acute pancreatitis (AP). An immune imbalance during the second hit is postulated to contribute to the formation of the septic complications that occur in these patients. The pro-inflammatory T-helper (Th) 17 pathway has been shown to be an initiator of early SIRS in AP, however to date its role has not been established in the second hit in AP...
January 31, 2018: Pancreatology: Official Journal of the International Association of Pancreatology (IAP) ... [et Al.]
Tinneke Delvaeye, Leonie Wyffels, Steven Deleye, Kelly Lemeire, Amanda Gonçalves, Elke Decrock, Steven Staelens, Luc Leybaert, Peter Vandenabeele, Dmitri Krysko
Systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) is an inflammatory state affecting the whole body. It is associated with the presence of pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines in serum, including tumor necrosis factor (TNF). TNF has multiple effects and leads to cytokine production, leukocyte infiltration, blood pressure reduction and coagulation, thereby contributing to tissue damage and organ failure. A sterile mouse model of sepsis, TNF-induced SIRS, was used to visualize the temporal and spatial distribution of damage in susceptible tissues during SIRS...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine: Official Publication, Society of Nuclear Medicine
Ramon T Costa, Antonio P Nassar, Pedro Caruso
PURPOSE: To compare the prognostic accuracy of Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (SOFA) and quick SOFA (qSOFA) with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria in critically ill cancer patients with suspected infection. METHODS: Data for 450 cancer patients admitted to an intensive care unit (ICU) in 2014 with a suspected infection were retrospectively analyzed. Sensitivity, specificity, and area under the receiver operating curve (AUC) values for SOFA, qSOFA, and SIRS criteria for ICU and hospital mortalities were calculated...
January 4, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
Jae-Uk Song, Cheol Kyung Sin, Hye Kyeong Park, Sung Ryul Shim, Jonghoo Lee
BACKGROUND: The usefulness of the quick Sequential (Sepsis-related) Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score in providing bedside criteria for early prediction of poor outcomes in patients with suspected infection remains controversial. We investigated the prognostic performance of a positive qSOFA score outside the intensive care unit (ICU) compared with positive systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria. METHODS: A systematic literature search was performed using MEDLINE, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials...
February 6, 2018: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Karolina Akinosoglou, Spyridoula Theodoraki, Theologia Gkavogianni, Aikaterini Pistiki, Evangelos Giamarellos-Bourboulis, Charalambos A Gogos
Need for prompt recognition and management of sepsis recently led to the introduction of qSOFA score. However, its association with underlying host inflammatory response remains unclear, while previous studies have challenged its performance in non - intensive care unit (ICU) patients comparing to previously used systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria. Between June 2016 and April 2017, we performed a prospective observational study in the medical ward of a tertiary hospital to explore the relation of qSOFA ≥ 2 and <2 to underlying inflammatory response, as this is mirrored in levels of serum pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators i...
January 27, 2018: Cytokine
Segal Abdul Aziz, Erni Juwita Nelwan, Lugyanti Sukrisman, Suhendro Suhendro
OBJECTIVE: The current study aimed to know procalcitonin levels in patients with metastatic tumor, and to discover the cut-off point for sepsis in this population. A cross-sectional study was conducted with patients with solid tumor. Sepsis and systemic inflammation response syndrome (SIRS) were identified using clinical, laboratory, and microbiological criteria. The cut-off point was determined using receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve. RESULTS: A total of 112 subjects enrolled in this study, 51% male, mean age 47...
January 30, 2018: BMC Research Notes
Maryann C Gruda, Karl-Gustav Ruggeberg, Pamela O'Sullivan, Tamaz Guliashvili, Andrew R Scheirer, Thomas D Golobish, Vincent J Capponi, Phillip P Chan
OBJECTIVE: Sepsis is defined as life-threatening organ dysfunction caused by a dysregulated host response to infection. In sepsis and septic shock, pathogen-associated molecular pattern molecules (PAMPS), such as bacterial exotoxins, cause direct cellular damage and/or trigger an immune response in the host often leading to excessive cytokine production, a maladaptive systemic inflammatory response syndrome response (SIRS), and tissue damage that releases DAMPs, such as activated complement and HMGB-1, into the bloodstream causing further organ injury...
2018: PloS One
Robert L Fogerty, L Scott Sussman, Kathleen Kenyon, Fangyong Li, Nitin Sukumar, Alan S Kliger, Kurt Acker, Christopher Sankey
OBJECTIVES: Clinical deterioration detection among adult inpatients is known to be suboptimal, and many electronic health record tools have been developed to help identify these patients. Many of these tools are focused on sepsis spectrum disorders, but the evolution of the definition of sepsis is moving toward increased specificity, which may make automated detection of clinical deterioration from nonsepsis-related conditions less likely. The objectives of this study were to develop and to examine the use of a low-cost, highly sustainable deterioration detection tool based on systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria...
January 23, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
Pjj Herrod, M Cox, H Keevil, Kje Smith, J N Lund
Background and aims Late recognition of sepsis and consequent death remains a problem. To address this, the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence has published updated guidance recommending the use of the Quick Sequential Organ Failure Assessment (Q-SOFA) score when assessing patients at risk of sepsis following the publication of the Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock. The trauma from major surgery produces a systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) postoperatively as part of its natural history, which may falsely trigger scoring systems...
January 24, 2018: Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England
Lauren E Rotman, Bonita S Agee, Gustavo Chagoya, Matthew C Davis, James M Markert
OBJECTIVE: Procalcitonin, a blood stream inflammatory biomarker, has shown to be useful in the diagnosis of sepsis in critically ill patients treated in medical and surgical intensive care units. This study aims to further our understanding of procalcitonin levels in Neuroscience Intensive Care Unit (NICU) patients. METHODS: Neurosurgical patients who underwent procalcitonin assay in the NICU over a two-year period were included. Procalcitonin equal to or above 0...
January 16, 2018: World Neurosurgery
Anna Maria Spanaki, Theonymfi Tavladaki, Helen Dimitriou, Andrey V Kozlov, J Catharina Duvigneau, Eftychia Meleti, Adelheid Weidinger, Evangelos Papakonstantinou, George Briassoulis
BACKGROUND: Experimental data indicate that sepsis influences the mitochondrial function and metabolism. We aim to investigate longitudinal bioenergetic, metabolic, hormonal, amino-acid, and innate immunity changes in children with sepsis. METHODS: Sixty-eight children (sepsis, 18; systemic inflammatory response syndrome [SIRS], 23; healthy controls, 27) were enrolled. Plasma amino acids were determined by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC); flow-cytometry expressed as mean fluorescence intensity (MFI) of heat shock protein (HSP) levels from monocytes (m) and neutrophils (n); resistin, adiponectin, and extracellular (e) HSPs evaluated by ELISA; ATP levels in white blood cells by luciferase luminescent assay; lipid peroxidation products (TBARS) by colorimetric test; nitrite and nitrate levels by chemiluminescent assay; biliverdin reductase (BVR) activity by enzymatic assay; and energy-expenditure (EE) by E-COVX...
January 16, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"