keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

bat bites

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27730539/human-rabies-a-2016-update
#1
Alan C Jackson
Rabies is a zoonotic disease that is usually transmitted to humans by animal bites. Dogs are the most important vector worldwide. There are encephalitic and paralytic forms of the disease. There are differences in the clinical features of the disease acquired from dogs and bats. Neuroimaging is non-specific. Confirmatory diagnostic laboratory tests for rabies include detection of neutralizing anti-rabies virus antibodies in serum or cerebrospinal fluid and rabies virus antigen or RNA in tissues or fluids. Rabies is preventable after recognized exposures with wound cleansing and administration of rabies vaccine and rabies immune globulin...
November 2016: Current Infectious Disease Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27561173/morphological-and-phylogenetic-description-of-trypanosoma-noyesi-sp-nov-an-australian-wildlife-trypanosome-within-the-t-cruzi-clade
#2
Adriana Botero, Crystal Cooper, Craig K Thompson, Peta L Clode, Karrie Rose, R C Andrew Thompson
A number of trypanosome isolates from Australian marsupials are within the clade containing the human pathogen Trypanosoma cruzi. Trypanosomes within this clade are thought to have diverged from a common ancestral bat trypanosome. Here, we characterise Trypanosoma noyesi sp. nov. isolated from the critically endangered woylie (Bettongia pencillata) using phylogenetic inferences from three gene regions (18S rDNA, gGAPDH, and CytB) coupled with morphological and behavioural observations in vitro. We also investigated potential vectors and the presence of T...
November 2016: Protist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27459720/a-systematic-review-of-human-bat-rabies-virus-variant-cases-evaluating-unprotected-physical-contact-with-claws-and-teeth-in-support-of-accurate-risk-assessments
#3
Virginia M Dato, Enzo R Campagnolo, Jonah Long, Charles E Rupprecht
In the United States and Canada, the most recent documented cases of rabies have been attributed to bat rabies viruses (RABV). We undertook this systematic review in an effort to summarize and enhance understanding of the risk of infection for individuals who have been potentially exposed to a suspect or confirmed rabid bat. United States rabies surveillance summaries documented a total of 41 human bat-rabies virus variant verified non-transplant cases between 1990 and 2015. All cases were fatal. Seven (17...
2016: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27429788/recovery-from-rabies-a-universally-fatal-disease
#4
S Manoj, A Mukherjee, S Johri, K V S Hari Kumar
BACKGROUND: Rabies is a zoonosis transmitted via the bites of various mammals, primarily dogs and bats. Known since antiquity, this disease may have the deadliest human fatality rates and is responsible for approximately 65,000 deaths worldwide per year. CASE PRESENTATION: We report the case details of a 13-year-old boy from India belonging to a South Asian ethnicity, who presented with altered sensorium one month following a dog bite. He did not receive the active rabies immunization and was managed with supportive therapy...
2016: Military Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27389926/perceptions-and-practices-of-mass-bat-exposure-events-in-the-setting-of-rabies-among-u-s-public-health-agencies
#5
C H Hsu, C M Brown, J M Murphy, M G Haskell, C Williams, K Feldman, K Mitchell, J D Blanton, B W Petersen, R M Wallace
Current guidelines in the setting of exposures to potentially rabid bats established by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) address post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) administration in situations where a person may not be aware that a bite or direct contact has occurred and the bat is not available for diagnostic testing. These include instances when a bat is discovered in a room where a person awakens from sleep, is a child without an adult witness, has a mental disability or is intoxicated...
July 8, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27371380/extreme-postnatal-scaling-in-bat-feeding-performance-a-view-of-ecomorphology-from-ontogenetic-and-macroevolutionary-perspectives
#6
Sharlene E Santana, Kimberly E Miller
Ecomorphology studies focus on understanding how anatomical and behavioral diversity result in differences in performance, ecology, and fitness. In mammals, the determinate growth of the skeleton entails that bite performance should change throughout ontogeny until the feeding apparatus attains its adult size and morphology. Then, interspecific differences in adult phenotypes are expected to drive food resource partitioning and patterns of lineage diversification. However, Formal tests of these predictions are lacking for the majority of mammal groups, and thus our understanding of mammalian ecomorphology remains incomplete...
September 2016: Integrative and Comparative Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27333730/the-incidence-of-jackal-bites-and-injuries-in-the-zagreb-anti-rabies-clinic-during-the-1995-2014-period
#7
REVIEW
Radovan Vodopija, Aleksandar Racz, Đana Pahor
Rabies is a zoonotic disease (a disease transmitted to humans from animals) that is caused by a virus. The disease affects domestic and wild animals, and is spread to people through close contact with infectious material, usually saliva, via bites or scratches. Rabies is present on all continents with the exception of Antarctica, but more than 95% of human deaths occur in Asia and Africa. Once the symptoms of the disease have developed, rabies is nearly always fatal. People are usually infected following deep bite or scratch by an infected animal...
March 2016: Acta Clinica Croatica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27194694/collateral-damage-or-a-shadow-of-safety-the-effects-of-signalling-heterospecific-neighbours-on-the-risks-of-parasitism-and-predation
#8
Paula A Trillo, Ximena E Bernal, Michael S Caldwell, Wouter H Halfwerk, Mallory O Wessel, Rachel A Page
Although males often display from mixed-species aggregations, the influence of nearby heterospecifics on risks associated with sexual signalling has not been previously examined. We tested whether predation and parasitism risks depend on proximity to heterospecific signallers. Using field playback experiments with calls of two species that often display from the same ponds, túngara frogs and hourglass treefrogs, we tested two hypotheses: (1) calling near heterospecific signallers attractive to eavesdroppers results in increased attention from predatory bats and parasitic midges (collateral damage hypothesis) or (2) calling near heterospecific signallers reduces an individual's predation and parasitism risks, as eavesdroppers are drawn to the heterospecifics (shadow of safety hypothesis)...
May 25, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27170718/go-big-or-go-fish-morphological-specializations-in-carnivorous-bats
#9
Sharlene E Santana, Elena Cheung
Specialized carnivory is relatively uncommon across mammals, and bats constitute one of the few groups in which this diet has evolved multiple times. While size and morphological adaptations for carnivory have been identified in other taxa, it is unclear what phenotypic traits characterize the relatively recent evolution of carnivory in bats. To address this gap, we apply geometric morphometric and phylogenetic comparative analyses to elucidate which characters are associated with ecological divergence of carnivorous bats from insectivorous ancestors, and if there is morphological convergence among independent origins of carnivory within bats, and with other carnivorous mammals...
May 11, 2016: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26982168/rabies-in-costa-rica-documentation-of-the-surveillance-program-and-the-endemic-situation-from-1985-to-2014
#10
Sabine E Hutter, Katharina Brugger, Victor Hugo Sancho Vargas, Rocío González, Olga Aguilar, Bernal León, Alexander Tichy, Clair L Firth, Franz Rubel
This is the first comprehensive epidemiological analysis of rabies in Costa Rica. We characterized the occurrence of the disease and demonstrated its endemic nature in this country. In Costa Rica, as in other countries in Latin America, hematophagous vampire bats are the primary wildlife vectors transmitting the rabies virus to cattle herds. Between 1985 and 2014, a total of 78 outbreaks of bovine rabies was reported in Costa Rica, with documented cases of 723 dead cattle. Of cattle outbreaks, 82% occurred between 0 and 500 meters above sea level, and seasonality could be demonstrated on the Pacific side of the country, with significantly more outbreaks occurring during the wet season...
May 2016: Vector Borne and Zoonotic Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26829399/disease-risk-perception-and-safety-practices-a-survey-of-australian-flying-fox-rehabilitators
#11
Cecilia A Sánchez, Michelle L Baker
Interactions with flying foxes pose disease transmission risks to volunteer rehabilitators (carers) who treat injured, ill, and orphaned bats. In particular, Australian bat lyssavirus (ABLV) can be transmitted directly from flying foxes to humans in Australia. Personal protective equipment (PPE) and rabies vaccination can be used to protect against lyssavirus infection. During May and June 2014, active Australian flying fox carers participated in an online survey (SOAR: Survey Of Australian flying fox Rehabilitators) designed to gather demographic data, assess perceptions of disease risk, and explore safety practices...
February 2016: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26815766/the-importance-of-wild-canids-in-the-epidemiology-of-rabies-in-northeast-brazil-a-retrospective-study
#12
R de A Cordeiro, N F H Duarte, B N Rolim, F A Soares Júnior, I C F Franco, L L Ferrer, C P Almeida, B H Duarte, D B de Araújo, M F G Rocha, R S N Brilhante, S R Favoretto, J J C Sidrim
Rabies is an endemic disease in Brazil, where it is considered a serious public health problem. Although the number of human and dog-transmitted cases has declined in recent decades, rabies in wildlife has emerged considerably. Among the sylvatic animals, wild canids have been considered important hosts of the rabies virus. We performed a retrospective study of reported cases of rabies in wild canids and human victims in Ceará state (Northeast Brazil) during 2003 to 2013. Information was provided by governmental laboratories involved in rabies detection and by the Ministry of Health...
September 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26762515/ectoparasites-may-serve-as-vectors-for-the-white-nose-syndrome-fungus
#13
Radek K Lučan, Hana Bandouchova, Tomáš Bartonička, Jiri Pikula, Alexandra Zahradníková, Jan Zukal, Natália Martínková
BACKGROUND: Vertebrate ectoparasites frequently play a role in transmission of infectious agents. Pseudogymnoascus destructans is a psychrophilic fungus known to cause white-nose syndrome (WNS), an emerging infectious disease of bats. It is transmitted with direct contact between bats or with contaminated environment. The aim of this study was to examine wing mites from the family Spinturnicidae parasitizing hibernating bats for the presence of P. destructans propagules as another possible transmission route...
2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26711025/emergence-of-a-sylvatic-enzootic-formosan-ferret-badger-associated-rabies-in-taiwan-and-the-geographical-separation-of-two-phylogenetic-groups-of-rabies-viruses
#14
K J Tsai, W C Hsu, W C Chuang, J C Chang, Y C Tu, H J Tsai, H F Liu, F I Wang, S H Lee
Taiwan had been declared rabies-free in humans and domestic animals for five decades until July 2013, when surprisingly, three Formosan ferret badgers (FB) were diagnosed with rabies. Since then, a variety of wild carnivores and other wildlife species have been found dead, neurologically ill, or exhibiting aggressive behaviors around the island. To determine the affected animal species, geographic areas, and environments, animal bodies were examined for rabies by direct fluorescent antibody test (FAT). The viral genomes from the brains of selected rabid animals were sequenced for the phylogeny of rabies viruses (RABV)...
2016: Veterinary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26559512/bayesian-hierarchical-models-suggest-oldest-known-plant-visiting-bat-was-omnivorous
#15
Laurel R Yohe, Paúl M Velazco, Danny Rojas, Beth E Gerstner, Nancy B Simmons, Liliana M Dávalos
The earliest record of plant visiting in bats dates to the Middle Miocene of La Venta, the world's most diverse tropical palaeocommunity. Palynephyllum antimaster is known from molars that indicate nectarivory. Skull length, an important indicator of key traits such as body size, bite force and trophic specialization, remains unknown. We developed Bayesian models to infer skull length based on dental measurements. These models account for variation within and between species, variation between clades, and phylogenetic error structure...
November 2015: Biology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26517843/hepacivirus-cross-species-transmission-and-the-origins-of-the-hepatitis-c-virus
#16
REVIEW
Oliver G Pybus, Julien Thézé
Just 5 years ago the hepatitis C virus (HCV) - a major cause of liver disease infecting >3% of people worldwide - was the sole confirmed member of the Hepacivirus genus. Since then, genetically-diverse hepaciviruses have been isolated from bats, dogs, cows, horses, primates and rodents. Here we review current information on the hepaciviruses and speculate on the zoonotic origins of the viruses in humans, horses and dogs. Recent and direct cross-species transmission from horses to dogs appears plausible, but the zoonotic origins of HCV in humans remain opaque...
February 2016: Current Opinion in Virology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26421766/jaw-musculature-of-cyclarhis-gujanensis-aves-vireonidae
#17
D M Previatto, S R Posso
Cyclarhis gujanensis is a little bird which feeds on high number of large preys, such frogs, lizards, snakes, bats and birds. As there are few studies on the cranial anatomy of this species, we aimed to describe the cranial myology to contribute to the anatomical knowledge of this species and to make some assumptions about functional anatomy. Thus, we described the muscles from the jaw apparatus (external and internal adductor muscles, the muscles of the pterygoid system and the depressor muscles of the mandible)...
August 2015: Brazilian Journal of Biology, Revista Brasleira de Biologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26393003/haematophagous-bat-bites-in-ecuadorian-amazon-characterisation-and-implications-for-sylvatic-rabies-prevention
#18
N Romero-Sandoval, C Parra, G Gallegos, A Guanopatín, M F Campaña, M Haro, S Calapaqui, C Moreta, F Viteri, M Feijoo-Cid, M Martin
OBJECTIVE: To characterise the risk factors of haematophagous bat bites and to provide information to contribute to the prevention of rabies in Ecuador. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study based on interviews with 3518 individuals, from which two sets of variables were generated: characteristics of haematophagous bat attacks in the previous year among humans and risk factors for being bitten. METHODS: Data were analysed using multivariate logistic regression models, taking history of bat bites in the previous year as the response variable...
March 21, 2013: Public Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26181328/situational-and-age-dependent-decision-making-during-life-threatening-distress-in-myotis-macrodactylus
#19
Xiaobin Huang, Jagmeet S Kanwal, Tinglei Jiang, Zhenyu Long, Bo Luo, Xinke Yue, Yongbo Gu, Jiang Feng
Echolocation and audiovocal communication have been studied extensively in bats. The manner in which these abilities are incorporated within escape behaviors during life-threatening distress is largely unknown. Here we tested the hypothesis that behavioral response profiles expressed during distress are relatively stereotypic given their evolutionary adaptations to avoid predators. We subjected juvenile and adult big-footed myotis (Myotis macrodactylus) to a sequence of three types of life threatening distress: 1) trapping them in a mist-net (environmental threat), 2) approaching them when trapped (predator threat), and 3) partially restraining their freedom to move (arrest), and recorded their escape behavior in each of the three conditions...
2015: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26106682/description-of-nymphal-instars-of-ornithodoros-mimon-kohls-clifford-jones-1969-acari-argasidae
#20
Gabriel Alves Landulfo, Luisa Viana Pevidor, Hermes Ribeiro Luz, João Luiz Horácio Faccini, Pablo Henrique Nunes, Darci Moraes Barros-Battesti
Ornithodoros mimon is an argasid tick common on Chiroptera in the Neotropical region, where it also bites humans aggressively. Here we describe for the first time all nymphal instars (N1, N2 and N3) of O. mimon based on optical and scanning electron microscopy. Although the nymphal instars of O. mimon resemble each other closely, there are characters that differentiate them: the N3 are taller that N1 and N2; the genital primordium occurs in some N2 and all N3; the spiracular plate in N1 and N2 is cone-like, but in N3 it is semicircular; and the submarginal dorsal groove is less distinct in N1 but more evident in N3...
2013: Zootaxa
keyword
keyword
112685
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"