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Quality Saudi Arabia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153646/waste-to-biodiesel-a-preliminary-assessment-for-saudi-arabia
#1
M Rehan, J Gardy, A Demirbas, U Rashid, W M Budzianowski, Deepak Pant, A S Nizami
This study presents a preliminary assessment of biodiesel production from waste sources available in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) for energy generation and solution for waste disposal issues. A case study was developed under three different scenarios: (S1) KSA population only in 2017, (S2) KSA population and pilgrims in 2017, and (S3) KSA population and pilgrims by 2030 using the fat fraction of the municipal solid waste. It was estimated that S1, S2, and S3 scenarios could produce around 1.08, 1.10 and 1...
November 10, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118870/risk-factors-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-saudi-arabia
#2
Ali Mesfer Alkhathami, Abdulrahman Ahmad Alzahrani, Mohammed Abdullah Alzhrani, Obaidallah Buraykan Alsuwat, Mohammad Eid Mahmoud Mahfouz
Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most prevalent gastrointestinal tract diseases worldwide. GERD has an effect on the patients' quality of life as well as the health care system that can be prevented by identifying its risk factors among the population. Hence, we applied this study to assess the GERD's risk factors in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed to assess the GERD's risk factors among the community of Saudi Arabia...
October 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118538/utilization-of-penile-prosthesis-and-male-incontinence-prosthetics-in-saudi-arabia
#3
Amjad Alwaal, Ahmad J Al-Sayyad
Background: Erectile dysfunction is a prevalent disease affecting over 50% of men between the ages of 40 and 70 years. Penile prosthesis represents the end of the line treatment when other less invasive therapies fail or are contraindicated. Male stress urinary incontinence can significantly diminish quality of life and lead to embarrassment and social withdrawal. Surgical therapies, such as male urethral slings and artificial urinary sphincters (AUS), are considered effective and safe treatments for male stress incontinence...
October 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114194/audiology-and-speech-language-pathology-practice-in-saudi-arabia
#4
Ahmad A Alanazi
Objectives: Audiology and speech-language pathology (SLP) are relatively new professions in Saudi Arabia. The idea of establishing new audiology and SLP programs in some education facilities has become popular across Saudi Arabia; yet, only four undergraduate and graduate programs are currently available. This study aimed to explore the fields of audiology and SLP in Saudi Arabia, obtain demography of audiologists and Speech-language pathologists (SLPs), understand their current practices, and identify their perspective on what both professions need to improve...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110860/incidence-and-prevalence-rates-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-saudi-arabia-an-overview
#5
REVIEW
Abdulellah Alotaibi, Lin Perry, Leila Gholizadeh, Ali Al-Ganmi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to report on the trends in incidence and prevalence rates of diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabia over the last 25 years (1990-2015). DESIGN: A descriptive review. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted for English-language, peer reviewed publications of any research design via Medline, EBSCO, PubMed and Scopus from 1990 to 2015. Of 106 articles retrieved, after removal of duplicates and quality appraisal, 8 studies were included in the review and synthesised based on study characteristics, design and findings...
December 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062556/neurology-research-in-saudi-arabia-urgent-call-for-action
#6
Hussein Algahtani, Bader Shirah, Faisal Boker, Albaraa Algamdi, Abdulah Alkahtani
OBJECTIVES: Research activities in Saudi Arabia are promoted at the governmental and institutional levels. However, the output and quality of research conducted in the field of neurology has not yet been measured quantitatively. This study therefore aimed to analyse neurology-related publications from Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This study was conducted in January 2016. A systematic search using the PubMed(®) search engine (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, USA) was conducted to identify all neurology-related articles published from Saudi Arabia between January 1996 and December 2015...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057863/publications-pattern-of-clinical-epilepsy-research-in-saudi-arabia
#7
Saleh S Baeesa, Yazid E Maghrabi, Muad S Baeesa, Fadi M Jan, Mohammed M Jan
OBJECTIVE: To assess the progress in the field clinical epilepsy in Saudi Arabia, by analyzing in depth the research output productivity and publication pattern, and to identify the current situation of epilepsy research and offer solutions. METHODS: Literature search strategy was designed to retrieve accessible articles that are related to epilepsy utilizing PubMed, Google Scholar, and Embase. The retrieved articles were analyzed with several parameters, then evaluated using Oxford Center of Evidence Based Medicine level of evidence scale...
October 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29057850/quality-of-life-among-multiple-sclerosis-patients-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Hussein A Algahtani, Bader H Shirah, Faris A Alzahrani, Hind A Abobaker, Nebras A Alghanaim, Juan S Manlangit
OBJECTIVE: To assess quality of life in multiple sclerosis (MS) patients and determine the factors associated with levels of quality of life in MS patients in a public hospital in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted from June 2016 to April 2017 in King Abdulaziz Medical City, Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Multiple sclerosis patients attending the outpatient and inpatient services were approached and recruited to participate in the study...
October 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038720/epidemiology-of-senile-prostatic-enlargement-among-elderly-men-in-arar-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#9
Abdullah Barghash Alanazi, Anfal Muaddi Alshalan, Omar Ayed Alanazi, Munif Salah Alanazi, Abdulaziz Inad Alanazi, Abdullah Hussain Alanazi, Anwar Mohammed Alhadhari, Ahmed Saad Alanazi, Rahmah Abdulhadi Alanazi, Ibtisam Matan Alanazi, Mohammed Abdullah Alanazi, Mohammed Abdullah Alkhidhr, Hassan Ali Aldehneen, Raed Khalid Alanazi
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Senile prostatic enlargement due to benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a common problem among older men, and is responsible for considerable disability. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence and determinants of the clinically diagnosed prostatic enlargement among elderly men in Arar, Northern Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was carried out on all consented elderly males attending the outpatient clinic of the urology department of Arar Central Hospital from February 2017 to July 30, 2017...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038714/ear-diseases-and-factors-associated-with-ear-infections-among-the-elderly-attending-hospital-in-arar-city-northern-saudi-arabia
#10
Naif Gharbi Alenezi, Abdulmajeed Ahmed Alenazi, Yahia Abdelgawad Elsayed Elboraei, Abdulrhman Ahmed Alenazi, Tariq Hulayyil Alanazi, Anwar Khalid Alruwaili, Abdulrahman Sulaiman Alanazi, Bader Khalid Alruwaili, Abdulelah Farhan Alanazi
BACKGROUND: Changes in the anatomical structures and function of the ear can result in ear diseases, and may affect all age groups including the elderly as a result of aging. OBJECTIVE: To identify the frequency and types of ear diseases among the elderly attending Abdullah bin Abdul-Aziz bin Musa'ed Al Saud hospital, Arar city, in the Northern Province of KSA, and factors associated with ear infections among them. METHODS: This cross-sectional hospital based study conducted from December 2016 through May 2017 included 138 elderly participants...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037887/depression-and-related-risk-factors-among-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-jazan-area-ksa-a-cross-sectional-study
#11
Osama B Albasheer, Mohammed S Mahfouz, Yahia Solan, Duaa A Khan, Mohammed A Muqri, Haneen A Almutairi, Ali M Alelyani, Hussain A Alahmed
PURPOSE: To determine the prevalence of depression and related risk factors among type 2 diabetes mellitus patients (T2DM) in Jazan area, Saudi Arabia. METHOD: A cross sectional, self-administered questionnaire study was conducted among T2DM patients in Jazan area, Saudi Arabia. A total of 385 patients were selected at randomly. The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) was utilized to measure symptoms and signs of depression. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of depression among T2DM patients was 37...
September 28, 2017: Diabetes & Metabolic Syndrome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019025/an-evidence-based-medicine-audit-of-the-ophthalmic-emergency-services-unit-of-king-abdulaziz-university-hospital-kauh
#12
Adel Alsuhaibani, Mohammed AlRajeh, Priscilla Gikandi, Ahmed Mousa
PURPOSE: To improve the interventions provided for patients presenting with acute ophthalmic conditions to the ophthalmic emergency unit through applying the best available evidences from quality literature for managing such conditions. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study at a tertiary eye care university hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, involving a two-phase audit of diagnosis-intervention was conducted. The first phase was done retrospectively for the duration from April 1 to May 30, 2014, after disseminating the results of the first phase to King Abdulaziz University Hospital ophthalmology department staff, and the second phase was done retrospectively for the duration from November 1 to December 30, 2015...
October 10, 2017: International Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28988396/performance-assessment-framework-for-groundwater-treatment-plants-in-arid-environments-a-case-of-buraydah-saudi-arabia
#13
Husnain Haider
In arid environmental regions, such as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), each and every drop of groundwater needs to be efficiently utilized to meet growing water demands. Ground water treatment plants (WTPs) are regularly being monitored by the municipalities to ensure safe water supply. However, analyzing large data to assess the performance of a WTP has always been a daunting task for plant's management. Most of existing performance assessment frameworks were developed for surface WTPs. In this research, an assessment framework using performance-based water quality indices (P WQI) is developed to facilitate senior management of ground WTPs for effective decision-making...
October 7, 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28983166/cardiovascular-risk-factors-burden-in-saudi-arabia-the-africa-middle-east-cardiovascular-epidemiological-ace-study
#14
Amjad M Ahmed, Ahmad Hersi, Walid Mashhoud, Mohammed R Arafah, Paula C Abreu, Mohammed Abdullah Al Rowaily, Mouaz H Al-Mallah
BACKGROUND: Limited data exist on the epidemiology of cardiovascular risk factors in Saudi Arabia, particularly in relation to the differences between Saudi nationals and expatriates in Saudi Arabia. The aim of this analysis was to describe the current prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among patients attending general practice clinics across Saudi Arabia. METHODS: In this cross-sectional epidemiological analysis of the Africa Middle East Cardiovascular Epidemiological (ACE) study, the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors (hypertension, diabetes, dyslipidemia, obesity, smoking, abdominal obesity) was evaluated in adults attending primary care clinics in Saudi Arabia...
October 2017: Journal of the Saudi Heart Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951682/clinical-pharmacists-as-medication-therapy-experts-in-diabetic-clinics-in-saudi-arabia-not-just-a-perception-but-a-need
#15
REVIEW
Hafiz A Makeen
The pharmacist's role is expanding from medication dispensing to patient care. There are several newer horizons in which clinical pharmacists have a vital role to play such as diabetic care, handling asthma patients, pain management, anti-coagulation therapy and in hyperlipidemia. Among these, the disorder that is perceived to reach epidemic proportions globally is diabetes mellitus. In the Arab world, particularly in countries like Saudi Arabia, the number affected and the cost incurred in the management of diabetes are relatively high...
September 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948654/quality-assessment-of-recent-evidence-based-clinical-practice-guidelines-for-management-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-in-adults-using-the-agree-ii-instrument
#16
Muhammad A Anwer, Ousama B Al-Fahed, Samir I Arif, Yasser S Amer, Maher A Titi, Mohammed O Al-Rukban
RATIONALE, AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: Type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) is a worldwide and national public health problem that has a great impact on the population in Saudi Arabia. High-quality clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) are cornerstones in improving the health care provided for patients with diabetes. This study evaluated the methodological rigour, transparency, and applicability of recently published CPGs. METHODS: Our group conducted a systematic search for recently published CPGs for T2DM...
September 25, 2017: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936144/prevalence-of-generalized-anxiety-disorder-and-major-depression-in-health-care-givers-of-disabled-patients-in-majmaah-and-shaqra-cities-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#17
Mansour Alzahrani, Fahad Alfahaid, Mohammed Almansour, Talal Alghamdi, Tahir Ansari, Waqas Sami, Talal Mislat Al Otaibi, Abdulmohsen Abdullah Al Humayn, Madullah Moutlaq Al Enezi
INTRODUCTION: Anxiety is an emotion characterized by feelings of tension, worried thoughts, and physical changes such as increased blood pressure, etc. The impact of anxiety and depression on health-caregivers of disabled patients are very important because these psychological disorders effects both the health-caregivers and the patients which lead to unexpected bad events. OBJECTIVES: The current study was aimed to find out the prevalence of generalized anxiety disorder and major depression in health-care givers of disabled patients and to observe associations between demographic characteristics and psychological disorders in Majmaah and Shaqra Cities, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
July 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28933057/healthcare-finance-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia-a-qualitative-study-of-householders-attitudes
#18
Mohammed Khaled Al-Hanawi, Omar Alsharqi, Saja Almazrou, Kirit Vaidya
BACKGROUND: The public sector healthcare system in Saudi Arabia, essentially financed by oil revenues and 'free at the point of delivery', is coming under increasing strain due to escalating expenditure and an increasingly volatile oil market and is likely to be unsustainable in the medium to long term. OBJECTIVES: This study examines how satisfied the Saudi people are with their public sector healthcare services and assesses their willingness to contribute to financing the system through a national health insurance scheme...
September 20, 2017: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28932160/family-medicine-practice-in-saudi-arabia-the-current-situation-and-proposed-strategic-directions-plan-2020
#19
Yahia M Al-Khaldi, Essam A Al-Ghamdi, Tariq I Al-Mogbil, Hesham I Al-Khashan
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this study were to assess the current situation of the teaching and training of undergraduate and postgraduate programs in family medicine in KSA, assess the current practice of family medicine, and draw a roadmap to achieve Saudi vision 2020. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted with the support and collaboration of the Primary Health Care Department of the Ministry of Health, Saudi Arabia, and World Health Organization (EMRO) in November 2015...
September 2017: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28880754/the-prevalence-and-incidence-of-diabetic-foot-ulcers-among-five-countries-in-the-arab-world-a-systematic-review
#20
M Mairghani, K Elmusharaf, D Patton, J Burns, O Eltahir, G Jassim, Z Moore
OBJECTIVE: There is a rising incidence of diabetes worldwide; however there seems to be a higher incidence and prevalence rates in the Arab world when compared with the global average. (1) Out of the top 10 countries with the highest prevalence rates, six are Arab countries and almost 20.5 million people in that part of the world live with diabetes. Despite this, published scientific research from the 22 Arab countries is limited and seems to be of lower quality when compared with the rest of the developed world...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Wound Care
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