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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28293152/risk-profile-of-coronary-heart-disease-among-the-staff-members-of-qassim-university-saudi-arabia
#1
Sultan A L Nohair, Abdulrahman A L Mohaimeed, Fawzy Sharaf, Zahid Naeem, Farid Midhet, Homaidan A L Homaidan, Sandra J Winter
OBJECTIVE: To estimate the risk profile of coronary heart disease (CHD) among the staff members of Qassim University and assess their knowledge in a screening campaign in Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was conducted among male and female staff at Qassim University campus. All employees of Qassim University were invited to participate in the study. Data were collected through a self-administered questionnaire. The study sample size was 233 staff and employees...
January 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271388/health-related-predictors-of-quality-of-life-in-cancer-patients-in-saudi-arabia
#2
Anwar E Ahmed, Alaa S Almuzaini, Mohannad A Alsadhan, Abdulrahman G Alharbi, Hanin S Almuzaini, Yosra Z Ali, Abdul-Rahman Jazieh
Research on Saudi Arabian cancer patients is a priority at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Because there is limited research on the quality of life (QoL) of Saudi Arabian cancer patients, the aim of this study was to identify the predictors of the QoL in a sample of Saudis with cancer. In August 2016, a cross-sectional study was conducted on 438 patients with a variety of cancer types (145 breast, 109 colorectal, 38 leukemia, 45 lymphoma, and 99 other types) who attended the Oncology Outpatient Clinics at KAMC...
March 7, 2017: Journal of Cancer Education: the Official Journal of the American Association for Cancer Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28265135/correlation-between-obesity-and-sleep-disturbance-in-saudi-medical-students
#3
Abdulaziz A Alodhayani, Omalkhaire M Alshaikh, Firas Abdulsattar Ghomraoui, Tahani Jathab AlShaibani, Abdulrahman Sulaiman Algadheeb, Abdulrahman Waleed Bendahmash, Abdullah Ali Baqays
[Purpose] The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between sleep duration, quality and obesity in the medical students of Saudi population. [Subjects and Methods] This is a cross-sectional study carried out in 408 medical students from King Khalid University Hospitals, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, based on well-designed questionnaire study and consent form. [Results] The results of this study revealed 39.9% of subjects perform the exercise on regular basis and 61.5% of them reduced their weight, which may be due to diet plan (52...
February 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28258270/oral-health-status-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-hospitalized-and-nonhospitalized-geriatric-patients
#4
Abdulaziz M AlBaker, Fahad F AlBaqami, Tariq M AlHarbi, Mohammad D AlAmri, Jagan K Baskaradoss
INTRODUCTION: The purpose of this study was to compare the oral health status and its effect on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of hospitalized and nonhospitalized elderly patients in a single community. The null hypothesis for the study states that there is no difference in the oral health status and OHRQoL between hospitalized and nonhospitalized elderly patients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This study was conducted at the King Khalid Hospital and College of Dentistry, King Saud University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
March 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251223/prevalence-of-sleep-duration-among-saudi-adults
#5
Anwar E Ahmed, Fares Al-Jahdali, Abdulaziz AlALwan, Faisal Abuabat, Salih A Bin Salih, Abdullah Al-Harbi, Salim Baharoon, Mohammad Khan, Yosra Z Ali, Hamdan Al-Jahdali
To examine the associations between sleep duration and a variety of demographic and clinical variables in a sample of Saudi adults.  Methods: A cross-sectional study among 2,095 participants was conducted at King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, between May and October 2014. A questionnaire was administered to collect data related to clinical health outcomes and demographic characteristics. Participants were asked to report their average sleep duration per night in hours.  Results: One-third (33...
March 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251219/comparison-of-the-efficacy-of-standard-bariatric-surgical-procedures-on-saudi-population-using-the-bariatric-analysis-and-reporting-outcome-system
#6
Azzam Al Kadi, Zakaur R Siddiqui, Arshad M Malik, Mohammed Al Naami
To  compare the efficacy of various standard bariatric surgical procedures using the Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS). Methods: This is a prospective, descriptive analytical study conducted in 2 medical institutions in Saudi Arabia. A total of 270 patients who had different bariatric surgery during the period between March 2010 and December 2012 were included. The data was analyzed and scored against 3 outcomes, excess weight loss, cure or improvement of comorbidities, and quality of life changes...
March 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229295/benchmarking-of-venous-thromboembolism-prophylaxis-practice-with-ent-uk-guidelines
#7
Ali S Al-Qahtani
The aim of this study was to benchmark our guidelines of prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in ENT surgical population against ENT.UK guidelines, and also to encourage healthcare providers to utilize benchmarking as an effective method of improving performance. The study design is prospective descriptive analysis. The setting of this study is tertiary referral centre (Assir Central Hospital, Abha, Saudi Arabia). In this study, we are benchmarking our practice guidelines of the prevention of VTE in the ENT surgical population against that of ENT...
February 22, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28223867/pharmacy-education-in-saudi-arabia-a-vision-of-the-future
#8
Hisham Aljadhey, Yousef Asiri, Yaser Albogami, George Spratto, Mohammed Alshehri
Background: Pharmacy education in developing countries faces many challenges. An assessment of the challenges and opportunities for the future of pharmacy education in Saudi Arabia has not been conducted. Objectives: The purpose of the study was to ascertain the views and opinions of pharmacy education stakeholders regarding the current issues challenging pharmacy education, and to discuss the future of pharmacy education in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A total of 48 participants attended a one-day meeting in October 2011, designed especially for the purpose of this study...
January 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28217273/mental-health-literacy-among-undergraduate-students-of-a-saudi-tertiary-institution-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Mohamed S Mahfouz, Abdulwahab Aqeeli, Anwar M Makeen, Ramzi M Hakami, Hatim H Najmi, Abdullkarim T Mobarki, Mohammad H Haroobi, Saeed M Almalki, Mohammad A Mahnashi, Osayd A Ageel
The issue of mental health literacy has been widely studied in developed countries, with few studies conducted in Arab countries. In this study we aimed to investigate mental health literacy and attitudes towards psychiatric patients among students of Jazan University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A crosssectional study was conducted among undergraduate students using a validated Arabicversion questionnaire. A total of 557 students were recruited from different Jazan university colleges. The majority of students (90...
November 23, 2016: Mental Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214941/monitoring-water-pollution-levels-in-wadi-hanifa-riyadh-saudi-arabia-and-its-public-health-implications
#10
Bushra Ahmed Al-Hammad, Magda Magdy Abd El-Salam
This study was performed to evaluate the levels of metals in the fish caught from Wadi Hanifa's main basin over four seasons, determine the potential fitness of the fish for human consumption, and evaluate the overall water quality after enforcement of local standards. The physical and chemical parameters from a total of 192 water samples were tested using standard methods. Additionally, a total of 48 fish samples were analyzed for heavy metal concentrations. Mean values for basic water quality parameters of COD, PO4(-3), NH3(-)-N, and NO3(-)-N exceeded Saudi standards in all seasons...
April 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203115/medical-internship-training-in-saudi-arabia-interns-views-and-perceptions
#11
Ali I Swaid, Abdelkhalig H Elhilu, Mohamed S Mahfouz
BACKGROUND: Internship training offers an important opportunity for personal development and career planning. However, there are many factors affecting the efficiency of training, and the views of interns are rarely considered. The main objective of this study was to explore the views of interns enrolled in Jazan University internship program during the year 2015. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A web-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the Jazan region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, during the academic year 2015...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197216/introducing-the-comprehensive-unit-based-safety-program-for-mechanically-ventilated-patients-in-saudi-arabian-intensive-care-units
#12
Raymond M Khan, Maha Aljuaid, Hanan Aqeel, Mohammed M Aboudeif, Shaimaa Elatwey, Rajeh Shehab, Yasser Mandourah, Khalid Maghrabi, Hassan Hawa, Imran Khalid, Ismael Qushmaq, Asad Latif, Bickey Chang, Sean M Berenholtz, Sultan Tayar, Khloud Al-Harbi, Amin Yousef, Anas A Amr, Yaseen M Arabi
Over the past decade, there have been major improvements to the care of mechanically ventilated patients (MVPs). Earlier initiatives used the concept of ventilator care bundles (sets of interventions), with a primary focus on reducing ventilator-associated pneumonia. However, recent evidence has led to a more comprehensive approach: The ABCDE bundle (Awakening and Breathing trial Coordination, Delirium management and Early mobilization). The approach of the Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program (CUSP) was developed by patient safety researchers at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and is supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to improve local safety cultures and to learn from defects by utilizing a validated structured framework...
January 2017: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177114/implementation-of-a-mentored-professional-development-programme-in-laboratory-leadership-and-management-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa
#13
L A Perrone, D Confer, E Scott, L Livingston, C Bradburn, A McGee, T Furtwangler, A Downer, A H Mokdad, J F Flandin, S Shotorbani, H Asghar, H E Tolbah, H J Ahmed, A Alwan, R Martin
Laboratories need leaders who can effectively utilize the laboratories' resources, maximize the laboratories'capacity to detect disease, and advocate for laboratories in a fluctuating health care environment. To address this need, the University of Washington, USA, created the Certificate Program in Laboratory Leadership and Management in partnership with WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, and implemented it with 17 participants and 11 mentors from clinical and public health laboratories in 10 countries (Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen) in 2014...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162965/socioeconomic-indicators-are-strong-predictors-of-hepatitis-a-seroprevalence-rates-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa
#14
Mehmet Koroglu, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Tayfur Demiray, Ahmet Ozbek, Unal Erkorkmaz, Mustafa Altindis
The goal of this analysis was to examine the association between age-specific hepatitis A virus (HAV) seroprevalence rates and various socioeconomic indicators within the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. We conducted a systematic review of all recently published studies on HAV conducted in the MENA region and identified the highest quality studies for inclusion in our analysis. We calculated the age at midpoint of population immunity (AMPI) for each study and estimated seroprevalence rates at the ages of 5, 10, and 15 years...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162028/competency-assessment-in-laboratory-medicine-standardization-and-utility-for-technical-staff-assessment-and-recertification-in-saudi-arabia
#15
Dalal M Nemenqani, Ara Tekian, Yoon Soo Park
PURPOSE: The assessment of technical staff members' competency has been a challenge for laboratory workers, to ensure patient safety and high quality services. The aim of this study was to (1) investigate awareness on best ways to assess lab competencies; (2) identify existing institutional methods of competency assessment and how staff perceptions; and (3) gather opinions of respondents about a proposed program for competency assessment in laboratory medicine. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted, followed by an interview and discussion with laboratory stakeholders about a proposed competency assessment program that included all the six procedural elements of laboratory personnel competency assessment...
February 5, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138189/medical-students-perception-of-the-progress-test-as-a-quality-controlled-assessment-tool-for-improving-learning-and-teaching-at-a-public-sector-medical-college-in-saudi-arabia
#16
Kamran Sattar, Tauseef Ahmad, Mahmoud Salah Khalil, Mona Mohamed Soliman, Gominda Giatry Punnamperuma, Hamza Mohammad Abdulghani
Progress test's distinguishing characteristics make it pertinent worldwide. We explored medical students' perceptions and opinions about Progress Test (PT) with a view to identifying areas concomitant with it's execution. This cross-sectional study took place at College of Medicine, Saudi Arabia, during the academic year 2015-16. A questionnaire (14 items) was administered. Reason for majority n=96 (89.7%) of the total participants to take the PT was their keenness to compare their academic standing with their peers from other participating medical colleges...
February 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122322/third-molar-cut-off-value-in-assessing-the-legal-age-of-18-in-saudi-population
#17
Sakher AlQahtani, Alemad Kawthar, Ayman AlAraik, Ahmad AlShalan
Teeth plays a major role in forensic sciences especially in age assessment of an individual, which can be used to aid in criminal or civil matters. The importance of teeth comes from their ability to survive inhumation well and because they are hardly affected by exogenous and endogenous factors. Third molars are the only teeth still developing after the age of 14 years and during the legal age of adulthood, which is 18 years. The consequences of criminal violation can strongly affect the individual's life, it is important to set different parameters to decide whether an individual is a minor or an adult in the absence of documents...
January 11, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103722/accreditation-of-medical-schools-in-saudi-arabia-a-qualitative-study
#18
S A Alrebish, B C Jolly, E K Molloy
CONTEXT: The accreditation of undergraduate medical education is a universal undertaking. Despite the widespread adoption of accreditation processes and an increasing focus on accreditation as a mechanism to ensure minimum standards are met in various fields, there is little evidence to support the effectiveness of accreditation. Traditionally, accreditation has worked toward achieving two ends: assuring and improving quality. Many recent articles emphasize the need for continuous quality improvement mechanisms to work, as well as the quality assurance role of accreditation...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090183/sleep-patterns-and-predictors-of-poor-sleep-quality-among-medical-students-in-king-khalid-university-saudi-arabia
#19
Aesha Farheen Siddiqui, Hasan Al-Musa, Hasan Al-Amri, Abdulkareem Al-Qahtani, Mushabab Al-Shahrani, Mohammad Al-Qahtani
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems and poor sleep quality are important issues for medical students. This study aimed to investigate the sleep patterns, measure the prevalence of poor sleep quality, and identify the predictors of poor sleep among medical students in King Khalid University (KKU), Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 318 medical students during October-November, 2015. Participants were selected by convenience sampling and data were collected using self-administered questionnaires to obtain information regarding socio-demographic variables and indicators of sleep quality...
November 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053589/nectar-secretion-dynamics-and-honey-production-potentials-of-some-major-honey-plants-in-saudi-arabia
#20
Nuru Adgaba, Ahmed Al-Ghamdi, Yilma Tadesse, Awraris Getachew, Awad M Awad, Mohammad J Ansari, Ayman A Owayss, Seif Eldin A Mohammed, Abdulaziz S Alqarni
The contribution of a bee plant species to honey production depends on the plant's nectar secretion quality and quantity, which is mainly governed by biotic and abiotic factors. The aim of the current study, was to investigate the nectar secretion dynamics and honey production potential of 14 major bee plant species of the target area. We examined the quantity and dynamics of nectar sugar per flower five times a day using a nectar sugar washing technique and direct measuring of nectar with calibrated capillary tubes...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
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