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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29763420/knee-pain-and-health-related-quality-of-life-among-older-patients-with-different-knee-osteoarthritis-severity-in-saudi-arabia
#1
Saad M Bindawas, Vishal Vennu, Saud Alfhadel, Ali D Al-Otaibi, Ahmad S Binnasser
OBJECTIVE: There is a lack of knowledge about health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in Saudi patients with musculoskeletal impairment, particularly among older adult populations. Thus, the current research aimed to determine the association of knee osteoarthritis (OA) severity with knee pain (KP) and HRQoL among older patients in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: In a multicenter cross-sectional study, we recruited 209 consecutive males and females aged ≥55 years with radiographically diagnosed knee OA from five hospitals across Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751756/prevalence-of-asthma-among-the-adult-general-population-of-five-middle-eastern-countries-results-of-the-snapshot-program
#2
Hesham Tarraf, Omur Aydin, Dilsad Mungan, Mohammad Albader, Bassam Mahboub, Adam Doble, Aaicha Lahlou, Luqman Tariq, Fayaz Aziz, Abdelkader El Hasnaoui
BACKGROUND: Asthma is a common chronic respiratory disease leading to morbidity, mortality and impaired quality of life worldwide. Information on asthma prevalence in the Middle East is fragmented and relatively out-dated. The SNAPSHOT program was conducted to obtain updated information. METHODS: SNAPSHOT is a cross-sectional epidemiological program carried out in five Middle Eastern countries (Egypt, Turkey, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates, the latter three grouped into a Gulf cluster) to collect data on asthma, allergic rhinitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia and bipolar disorder...
May 11, 2018: BMC Pulmonary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744197/influence-of-full-mouth-rehabilitation-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-disabled-children
#3
Abeer M Al-Nowaiser, Abdulaziz S Al Suwyed, Khalid H Al Zoman, Asirvatham A Robert, Tarfa Al Brahim, Sebastian G Ciancio, Sultan A Al Mubarak, Omar A El Meligy
The efficacy of full mouth rehabilitation (FMR) on oral health-related quality of life of physically disabled children was assessed. This prospective study was performed at Dental Department of Sultan Bin Abdulaziz Humanitarian City, Riyadh, and King Abdulaziz University Hospital, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, during May 2012 to September 2014. A total of 186 physically disabled children aged 11-14 years were assigned to a test group (n = 97) or a control group (n = 89). FMR was applied for test group children at baseline and 3 months' visits, whereas those in the control group did not receive FMR...
October 2017: Clinical and Experimental Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29738012/walking-based-activity-and-sedentary-behavior-in-saudi-males-with-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#4
Mohammed M Alyami, Sue C Jenkins, Kylie Hill
OBJECTIVES: To compare walking-based activity and sedentary behavior between males with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and healthy controls and to examine the association between dyspnea with time spent in walking-based activity and sedentary behavior in males with COPD. METHODS: This cross-sectional study of 30 males with COPD (age 62.0±5.0 years; forced expiratory volume in one second [FEV1] 46±15% predicted) and 29 healthy controls (age 63.0±4...
May 2018: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731625/adherence-to-copd-treatment-in-turkey-and-saudi-arabia-results-of-the-adcare-study
#5
Nurdan Kokturk, Mehmet Polatli, I Kivilcim Oguzulgen, Sarfraz Saleemi, Mohammed Al Ghobain, Javed Khan, Adam Doble, Luqman Tariq, Fayaz Aziz, Abdelkader El Hasnaoui
Background: COPD affects millions of people worldwide. Poor treatment adherence contributes to increased symptom severity, morbidity and mortality. This study was designed to investigate adherence to COPD treatment in Turkey and Saudi Arabia. Methods: An observational, cross-sectional study in adult COPD patients in Turkey and Saudi Arabia. Through physician-led interviews, data were collected on sociodemographics and disease history, including the impact of COPD on health status using the COPD Assessment Test (CAT); quality of life, using the EuroQol Five-Dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D); and anxiety and depression using the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS)...
2018: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29704700/quality-of-life-of-nursing-students-from-nine-countries-a-cross-sectional-study
#6
Jonas Preposi Cruz, Rhea Faye D Felicilda-Reynaldo, Simon Ching Lam, Felipe Aliro Machuca Contreras, Helen Shaji John Cecily, Ioanna V Papathanasiou, Howieda A Fouly, Simon Macharia Kamau, Glenn Ford D Valdez, Kathryn A Adams, Paolo C Colet
BACKGROUND: Nursing student life is stressful as a result of the work they exert to learn concepts ranging from basic to complicated issues and health concerns for maintaining overall human health. Hence, assessing the quality of life (QOL) of nursing students is important to determine if they have excellent well-being levels as they go through the learning process. OBJECTIVES: This study measured and compared QOL of respondents by country of residence, and identified the QOL predictors of students...
April 20, 2018: Nurse Education Today
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703266/statistical-analysis-plan-for-the-polar-rct-the-prophylactic-hypothermia-trial-to-lessen-traumatic-brain-injury-randomised-controlled-trial
#7
Jeffrey Presneill, Dashiell Gantner, Alistair Nichol, Colin McArthur, Andrew Forbes, Jessica Kasza, Tony Trapani, Lynnette Murray, Stephen Bernard, Peter Cameron, Gilles Capellier, Olivier Huet, Lynette Newby, Stephen Rashford, Jeffrey V Rosenfeld, Tony Smith, Michael Stephenson, Dinesh Varma, Shirley Vallance, Tony Walker, Steve Webb, D James Cooper
BACKGROUND: The Prophylactic hypOthermia to Lessen trAumatic bRain injury-Randomised Controlled Trial (POLAR-RCT) will evaluate whether early and sustained prophylactic hypothermia delivered to patients with severe traumatic brain injury improves patient-centred outcomes. METHODS: The POLAR-RCT is a multicentre, randomised, parallel group, phase III trial of early, prophylactic cooling in critically ill patients with severe traumatic brain injury, conducted in Australia, New Zealand, France, Switzerland, Saudi Arabia and Qatar...
April 27, 2018: Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29703122/prevalence-of-prescription-errors-in-general-practice-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#8
Fatemah O Kamel, Hebah A Alwafi, Mariyyah A Alshaghab, Zahrah M Almutawa, Lana A Alshawwa, Magda M Hagras, Yoon Soo Park, Ara S Tekian
PURPOSE: Prescription errors are a common cause of adverse drug events (ADEs). Recognizing ADEs can significantly contribute to the reduction of morbidity and mortality. This study aims to investigate the type and prevalence of errors in prescription writing, directed toward a needs assessment for developing educational interventions. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted in Jeddah community pharmacies (January-February 2016). A random sample of 117 prescriptions were reviewed and analyzed by community pharmacists for legibility and omission of the information in the prescription...
April 27, 2018: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29697828/feasibility-and-efficacy-of-sepsis-management-guidelines-in-a-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-in-saudi-arabia-a-quality-improvement-initiative
#9
Gamal M Hasan, Ayman A Al-Eyadhy, Mohamed-Hani A Temsah, Ali A Al-Haboob, Mohammad A Alkhateeb, Fahad Al-Sohime
Objectives: Evaluation of feasibility and effectiveness of Surviving Sepsis Campaign (SSC) Guidelines implementation at a Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) in Saudi Arabia to reduce severe sepsis associated mortality. Design: Retrospective data analysis for a prospective quality improvement (QI) initiative. Settings: PICU at King Saud University Medical City, Saudi Arabia. Participants: Children ≤14 years of age admitted to the PICU from July 2010 to March 2011 with suspected or proven sepsis...
April 25, 2018: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29692599/structure-and-microanalysis-of-tear-film-ferning-of-camel-tears-human-tears-and-refresh-plus
#10
Masmali Am, Fagehi Ra, Ahmad H El-Naggar, Almubrad Tm
Purpose: This study aimed to investigate the tear ferning pattern and chemical elements of the tear film of camel tears compared with human tears and Refresh Plus eye lubricant. Refresh Plus was used as a control because it provides a healthy ferning pattern, due to the presence of an optimum ratio of carboxymethylcellulose (CMC) sodium and electrolytes. The main research focus is elucidating the viability of camel tear film in the dry, harsh environment of the desert. Methods: The tears were collected from five camels, five male desert workers (20-25 years old) at a small village located 100 km from Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, and five male subjects (20-25 years old) from Riyadh...
2018: Molecular Vision
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29664456/quality-of-life-assessment-among-multiple-sclerosis-patients-in-saudi-arabia
#11
Adel A Alhazzani, Mohammed S Alqahtani, Mohammed S Alahmari, Muhannad A Asiri, Noof M Alamri, Leen A Sarhan, Shahad S Alkhashrami, Abdullmgeed A Asiri
OBJECTIVE: To determine the quality of life (QoL) among multiple sclerosis (MS) patients in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A cross-sectional study was carried out to assess the QoL of MS patients during the period from November 2016 to May 2017. Patients were recruited from tertiary hospitals in 5 regions in the kingdom. Clinical and demographic data were collected and information on patients` health status using the self-report SF-36 questionnaire to assess QoL...
April 2018: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29651787/integrating-geochemical-investigations-and-geospatial-assessment-to-understand-the-evolutionary-process-of-hydrochemistry-and-groundwater-quality-in-arid-areas
#12
Mohamed El Alfy, Talal Alharbi, Basma Mansour
Groundwater is the key for life in arid areas. Aquifer overexploitation and climatic conditions can significantly deteriorate groundwater quality. The Al-Qassim area in central Saudi Arabia is characterized by dense agricultural use and is irrigated mainly by fossil groundwater from the Saq Aquifer. Understanding the area's hydrochemistry, major factors governing groundwater quality, and alternative uses of the groundwater are the main goals of this study. Groundwater samples were collected and examined for major, minor, and trace elements...
April 12, 2018: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29628758/effect-of-anterior-crowding-or-spacing-on-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#13
Ali H Hassan, Nour M Hobani, Sara M Almokri, Nour M Almokri, Faiza G Alotibi, Ehab N Alshouibi
Introduction: Oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) involves many aspects such as chewing ability, sleeping, social interactions, self-esteem, and satisfaction with life and oral health. The increasing research interest in OHRQoL began only after the shortcomings of previous approaches of treating symptoms only and neglecting the patient's self-perception were revealed. Patients and methods: The current study design is a cross-sectional study of patients who attended King Abdulaziz University Dental Hospital (Jeddah, Saudi Arabia) and King Saud University Dental Hospital (Riyadh, Saudi Arabia)...
2018: Patient Preference and Adherence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29626737/treatment-satisfaction-questionnaire-for-medication-validation-of-the-translated-arabic-version-among-patients-undergoing-warfarin-therapy-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Sireen Abdul Rahim Shilbayeh, Sarah Ahmed Alyahya, Nouf Hayef Alshammari, Wejdan Ali Almutairi, Eiad Shaheen
OBJECTIVES: To validate the psychometric properties of the translated Arabic version of the Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication (TSQM 1.4) for patients on warfarin therapy in Saudi anticoagulation clinics (ACCs). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted at the Security Forces Hospital ACC in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. It involved administering questionnaires related to patients' satisfaction and assessing adherence through interviews. The quality of the international normalized ratio control was assessed using the Rosendaal method...
April 4, 2018: Value in Health Regional Issues
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29620549/turnover-among-filipino-nurses-in-ministry-of-health-hospitals-in-saudi-arabia-causes-and-recommendations-for-improvement
#15
Khalid Abdullah Aljohani, Omar Alomari
BACKGROUND: Nurse turnover is a critical challenge for healthcare organizations as it results in a decreasing nurse/patient ratio and increasing costs. AIM: Identify factors influencing the termination of Filipino nurses in Ministry of Health (MOH) hospitals and record nurse recommendations to improve retention. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. METHODS: Data was gathered from a convenience sample of Filipino nurses with previous experience in MOH hospitals in Saudi Arabia who attended recruitment interviews at the Saudi employment office in Manila...
March 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599692/barriers-to-effective-feedback-in-undergraduate-medical-education-case-study-from-saudi-arabia
#16
Saleh Ali Alrebish
Objectives: Students' feedback is an essential source of data for evaluation and improvement of the quality of education. Nonetheless, feedback may be routinely practised for accreditation purposes, and it is considered as a ritual employed by students, which makes its effectiveness questionable. The aim of this study is to explore and analyze the students' perceptions about the importance of feedback and the barriers for effective feedback and suggest proper ways to overcome these barriers...
March 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599689/validity-and-reliability-of-the-arabic-version-of-the-the-euroqol-eq-5d-a-study-from-saudi-arabia
#17
Abdulkareem M Bekairy, Rami T Bustami, Mohammed Almotairi, Anan Jarab, Abdulmalik M Katheri, Tariq M Aldebasi, Salaheddin Aburuz
Objectives: The EuroQOL five-dimension questionnaire (EQ-5D) is one of the most widely used tools to evaluate health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Studies on the psychometric features of the EQ-5D in the Gulf region of the Middle East are lacking. This study is aimed at evaluating the validity and reliability of the Arabic version of the EQ-5D in Saudi Arabia. Methods: The study was done utilizing a convenience sample of Arabic-speaking adult patients or visitors at the outpatient clinic at King Abdulaziz Medical City (KAMC) in Riyadh during October-December 2015...
March 2018: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29597087/spatiotemporal-evolution-of-the-remotely-sensed-global-continental-pm-2-5-concentration-from-2000-2014-based-on-bayesian-statistics
#18
Junming Li, Nannan Wang, Jinfeng Wang, Honglin Li
PM2.5 pollution is threatening human health and quality of life, especially in some densely populated regions of Asia and Africa. This paper used remotely sensed annual mean PM2.5 concentrations to explore the spatiotemporal evolution of global continental PM2.5 pollution from 2000 to 2014. The work employed an improved Bayesian space-time hierarchy model combined with a multiscale homogeneous subdivision method. The statistical results quantitatively demonstrated a 'high-value increasing and low-value decreasing' trend...
March 26, 2018: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29584517/electronic-medical-records-and-risk-management-in-hospitals-of-saudi-arabia
#19
Abdullah Al-Barnawi, Ying He, Leandros A Maglaras, Helge Janicke
OBJECTIVE: Electronic medical records systems and the associated risks have been well studied in developed countries; the same cannot be said for systems in developing countries. Previous research in Saudi Arabian health-care organizations has shown a low level of quality in hospital services due to ineffective risk management. The objective of this research is to apply the Systems Theoretic Accident Modelling and Processes (STAMP) risk management technique in Saudi Arabia and evaluate its implementation...
March 27, 2018: Informatics for Health & Social Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29571415/distribution-and-metal-contamination-in-the-coastal-sediments-of-dammam-al-jubail-area-arabian-gulf-saudi-arabia
#20
Abdelbaset El-Sorogy, Khaled Al-Kahtany, Mohamed Youssef, Fahd Al-Kahtany, Mazen Al-Malky
Present work aims to document the distribution and metal contamination in the coastal sediments of the Dammam Al-Jubail area, Saudi Arabian Gulf. Twenty-six samples were collected for Al, V, Cr, Mn, Cu, Zn, Cd, Pb, Hg, Sr, As, Fe, Co and Ni analysis. Results of enrichment factor indicated that Sr, Cd, Cu, Hg, V, As, Ni, Cr and Zn gave enrichment factors higher than 2 (98.87, 40.28, 33.20, 27.87, 26.11, 14.10, 6.15, 3.72 and 2.62 respectively) implying anthropogenic sources, while Pb, Mn and Al have very low background level (1...
March 2018: Marine Pollution Bulletin
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