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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725144/comparative-study-of-antioxidant-activity-and-validated-rp-hptlc-analysis-of-rutin-in-the-leaves-of-different-acacia-species-grown-in-saudi-arabia
#1
Perwez Alam, Mohamed F Alajmi, Ahmed H Arbab, Mohammad K Parvez, Nasir A Siddiqui, Saleh I Alqasoumi, Adnan J Al-Rehaily, Mohammed S Al-Dosari, Omer A Basudan
The present study assessed the comparative antioxidant potential of the ethanol extract (EE) of leaves of four Acacia species (Acacia salicina, AS; Acacia laeta, AL; Acacia hamulosa AH; and Acacia tortilis, AT) grown in Saudi Arabia, including RP-HPTLC quantification of antioxidant biomarker rutin. In vitro DPPH radical scavenging and β-carotene-linoleic acid bleaching assays showed the promising antioxidant activities of Acacia extracts: ASEE (IC50: 60.39 and 324.65 μg/ml) >ALEE (IC50: 217.06 and 423...
July 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725128/quality-of-communication-between-dentists-and-dental-laboratory-technicians-for-fixed-prosthodontics-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#2
Huda Tulbah, Eman AlHamdan, Amal AlQahtani, Asma AlShahrani, Mona AlShaye
The fabrication of a clinically acceptable dental prosthesis requires proper communication between the dentist and the dental technician. Prosthodontic educators have been concerned with this interaction and communication. Fixed prosthodontics laboratories revealed that the technicians are often dissatisfied with the information provided in work authorizations. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the quality of communication between dentists and laboratory technicians via work authorizations for fixed prosthodontics in both governmental and private dental laboratories in Riyadh area from the technician's perspective...
July 2017: Saudi Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716142/prevalence-of-and-factors-associated-with-burnout-among-health-care-professionals-in-arab-countries-a-systematic-review
#3
I Elbarazi, T Loney, S Yousef, A Elias
BACKGROUND: Burnout among healthcare professionals is one of the key challenges affecting health care practice and quality of care. This systematic review aims to (1) estimate the prevalence of burnout among health care professionals (HCP) in Arab countries; and (2) explore individual and work-related factors associated with burnout in this population. METHODS: Multiple electronic databases were searched for studies published in English or Arabic from January 1980 to November 2014 assessing burnout (using the Maslach Burnout Inventory; MBI) amongst health care professionals (HCP) in Arab countries...
July 17, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697042/factors-associated-with-different-symptom-domains-among-postmenopausal-saudi-women-in-riyadh-saudi-arabia
#4
AlJohara M AlQuaiz, Ambreen Kazi, Fawzia Habib, Muneerah AlBugami, Aida AlDughaither
OBJECTIVE: To determine factors associated with different symptom domains among postmenopausal Saudi women in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: In a cross-sectional study, interviews were conducted with 542 postmenopausal Saudi women, comprising sociodemographic history, social support, and the Menopause-specific Quality of Life questionnaire. RESULTS: The mean age of participants was 58 (±7.0) years, and the mean age at menopause was 49 (±4...
July 10, 2017: Menopause: the Journal of the North American Menopause Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28679939/knowledge-of-palliative-care-among-nursing-students
#5
Samantha Ismaile, Hanan H Alshehri, Mowafa Househ
The aim of this study was to evaluate nursing undergraduate students' knowledge with regard to palliative care in Saudi Arabia. A quantitative descriptive research study was conducted by the use of validated tool. A total of 204 students were included in the study. There is little evidence in Saudi Arabia to demonstrate if nursing undergraduates receives education on palliative care. The results indicate that 57.9% of the nursing undergraduates had received educational sessions and 42.1% of nursing undergraduates did not...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678645/evaluation-of-complications-of-root-canal-treatment-performed-by-undergraduate-dental-students
#6
Mothanna K AlRahabi
This study evaluated the technical quality of root canal treatment (RCT) and detected iatrogenic errors in an undergraduate dental clinic at the College of Dentistry, Taibah University, Saudi Arabia. Dental records of 280 patients who received RCT between 2013 and 2016 undertaken by dental students were investigated by retrospective chart review. Root canal obturation was evaluated on the basis of the length of obturation being ≤2 mm from the radiographic apex, with uniform radiodensity and good adaptation to root canal walls...
December 2017: Libyan Journal of Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28678216/public-awareness-of-autism-spectrum-disorder
#7
Matar A Alsehemi, Mahmoud M Abousaadah, Razan A Sairafi, Mohammed M Jan
OBJECTIVE: Examine the awareness of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in our community which would help in early recognition and improved support of affected families. METHODS: A focused 20-item questionnaire was designed to survey the public awareness and knowledge of ASD. Personal interviews were conducted during an ASD awareness day, which was organized in a major shopping mall on February 20, 2015 in Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. RESULTS: A total of 259 individuals participated in the study with 47% being <30 years of age and 57% being females...
July 2017: Neurosciences: the Official Journal of the Pan Arab Union of Neurological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674716/intensive-care-unit-nurses-perceptions-of-the-obstacles-to-the-end-of-life-care-in-saudi-arabia
#8
Zakaria A Mani, Mahmoud A Ibrahim
OBJECTIVES: To explore nurses' perceptions of obstacles to the provision of end of life care (EoLC) in the intensive care unit (ICU) in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: A modified version of a questionnaire developed by Beckstrand and Kirchhoff was administered in one setting at Riyadh, Saudi Arabia between March and April 2015. RESULTS: A total of 87 questionnaires were returned from 140 potential respondents, representing a 62% response rate. Findings highlighted concerns associated with patient's family, physicians who differed in opinions, cultural differences and language barriers...
July 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663796/improving-antibiotic-prophylaxis-in-gastrointestinal-surgery-patients-a-quality-improvement-project
#9
Rabie Kilan, Dane Moran, Iyad Eid, Christopher Okeahialam, Corrine Quinn, Wadie Binsaddiq, Tammy Williams, Michael H Johnson
BACKGROUND: A surgical site infection (SSI) is a frequent complication following gastrointestinal surgery, but the careful selection and administration of prophylactic antibiotics can reduce the risk. The aim of this study was to develop a package of interventions that could be used to improve surgical antibiotic prophylaxis (SAP) at our institution. METHODS: A pre-post quality improvement project at a private hospital in Saudi Arabia was conducted between January 2014 until July 2016...
August 2017: Annals of Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651147/desalinated-drinking-water-in-the-gcc-countries-the-need-to-address-consumer-perceptions
#10
Basem Shomar, Jalal Hawari
The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries consist of Bahrain, Kuwait, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. These countries depend mainly on seawater desalination to meet their water needs. Although great emphasis is given to characterize desalinated water for its physicochemical and microbial properties, e.g. presence of metals, other organic contaminants and for bacteria, sensorial characteristics including smell, taste and color have not received the same attention. This is possibly attributed to the fact that inhabitants of GCC States do not use desalinated tap water for drinking consumption, rather they depend on locally produced or imported bottled water where color, taste and odor are not problematic...
June 23, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635552/temporal-variation-of-fine-and-coarse-particulate-matter-sources-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#11
Chris C Lim, George D Thurston, Magdy Shamy, Mansour Alghamdi, Mamdouh Khoder, Abdullah M Mohorjy, Abdulrahman K Alkhalaf, Jason Brocato, Lung Chi Chen, Max Costa
This study provides the first comprehensive analysis of the seasonal variations and weekday/weekend differences in fine (PM2.5) and coarse (PM2.5-10) particulate matter mass concentrations, elemental constituents, and potential source origins in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Air quality samples were collected over one year, from June 2011 to May 2012 at a frequency of three times per week, and analyzed. The average mass concentrations of PM2.5 (21.9 μg/m(3)) and PM10 (107.8 μg/m(3)) during the sampling period exceeded the recommended annual average levels by the World Health Organization (WHO) for PM2...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635358/disability-and-the-impact-of-need-for-periodontal-care-on-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#12
Maha El Tantawi, Adel AlAgl
Objective The need for periodontal care may negatively impact daily life. We compared the need for periodontal care and its impact on daily life between disabled and healthy adults in the Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. Methods In this cross-sectional study of 819 adults, a questionnaire was used to assess personal background factors; the impact of periodontitis on pain, avoiding foods, embarrassment, sleeplessness, work absence, and discontinuing daily activities; and risk factors (smoking, diabetes, toothbrushing, insurance, professional tooth cleaning, and dental visits)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634586/the-referral-system-between-primary-and-secondary-health-care-in-saudi-arabia-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#13
REVIEW
Mohammed Senitan, Ali Hassan Alhaiti, James Gillespie, Badar Faiz Alotaibi, George Binh Lenon
BACKGROUND: In Saudi Arabia, the mortality of diabetes is currently reported at 6%. A well-administered referral system is crucial in aiding the management of this disease. METHOD: A single reviewer employed a systematic approach to searching the literature databases with regard to the question: what are the attributes of referral systems in Saudi Arabia for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D)? The results were analysed in order to provide recommendations to improve the Saudi health system...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624130/assessing-the-hydrogeochemical-processes-affecting-groundwater-pollution-in-arid-areas-using-an-integration-of-geochemical-equilibrium-and-multivariate-statistical-techniques
#14
Mohamed El Alfy, Aref Lashin, Fathy Abdalla, Abdulaziz Al-Bassam
Rapid economic expansion poses serious problems for groundwater resources in arid areas, which typically have high rates of groundwater depletion. In this study, integration of hydrochemical investigations involving chemical and statistical analyses are conducted to assess the factors controlling hydrochemistry and potential pollution in an arid region. Fifty-four groundwater samples were collected from the Dhurma aquifer in Saudi Arabia, and twenty-one physicochemical variables were examined for each sample...
June 14, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602046/exercise-interventions-for-cerebral-palsy
#15
REVIEW
Jennifer M Ryan, Elizabeth E Cassidy, Stephen G Noorduyn, Neil E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a neurodevelopmental disorder resulting from an injury to the developing brain. It is the most common form of childhood disability with prevalence rates of between 1.5 and 3.8 per 1000 births reported worldwide. The primary impairments associated with CP include reduced muscle strength and reduced cardiorespiratory fitness, resulting in difficulties performing activities such as dressing, walking and negotiating stairs.Exercise is defined as a planned, structured and repetitive activity that aims to improve fitness, and it is a commonly used intervention for people with CP...
June 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578362/student-perception-of-the-educational-environment-in-regular-and-bridging-nursing-programs-in-saudi-arabia-using-the-dundee-ready-educational-environment-measure
#16
Omar Mansour Al Nozha, Hani T Fadel
BACKGROUND: Taibah University offers regular nursing (RNP) and nursing bridging (NBP) bachelor programs. We evaluated student perception of the learning environment as one means of quality assurance. OBJECTIVES: To assess nursing student perception of their educational environment, to compare the perceptions of regular and bridging students, and to compare the perceptions of students in the old and new curricula. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey...
May 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577144/resource-recovery-of-food-waste-through-continuous-thermophilic-in-vessel-composting
#17
Mohammad Waqas, Talal Almeelbi, Abdul-Sattar Nizami
In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and Gulf region, a very small amount of municipal solid waste (MSW) is treated for compost production. The produced compost through traditional methods of compost piles and trenches does not coincide with the international standards of compost quality. Therefore, in this study, a continuous thermophilic composting (CTC) method is introduced as a novel and efficient technique for treating food waste into a quality compost in a short period of time. The quality of the compost was examined by degradation rates of organic matter (OM), changes in total carbon (TC), ash contents, pH, dynamics in ammonium nitrogen (NH4-N) and nitrate nitrogen (NO3-N), and nitrification index (NI)...
June 3, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573352/risk-based-framework-for-optimizing-residual-chlorine-in-large-water-distribution-systems
#18
Muhammad Nadeem Sharif, Ashraf Farahat, Husnain Haider, Muhammad A Al-Zahrani, Manuel J Rodriguez, Rehan Sadiq
Managing residual chlorine in large water distribution systems (WDS) to minimize human health risk is a daunting task. In this research, a novel risk-based framework is developed and implemented in a distribution network spanning over 64 km(2) for supplying water to the city of Al-Khobar (Saudi Arabia) through 473-km-long water mains. The framework integrates the planning of linear assets (i.e., pipes) and placement of booster stations to optimize residual chlorine in the WDS. Failure mode and effect analysis are integrated with the fuzzy set theory to perform risk analysis...
July 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553412/dental-and-oral-problem-patterns-and-treatment-seeking-behavior-of-geriatric-population
#19
Bader K AlZarea
BACKGROUND: The manifestations of oral changes and disorders affecting the geriatric population are different from the rest of the population. Inaccessibility to dental care is a compelling impediment to avail oral health services. OBJECTIVE: The aims were to assess the dental and oral problems and to find out the determinants of oral health seeking behaviour among elderly population of Al-Jouf province, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The present cross sectional study included geriatric patients of 60 years and above, who visited the College of Dentistry, Al-Jouf University...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553410/socioeconomic-factors-and-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-angiography-a-multicentre-study-of-arabian-gulf-states
#20
Amin Daoulah, Osama E Elkhateeb, S Ali Nasseri, Mushabab Al-Murayeh, Salem Al-Kaabi, Amir Lotfi, Mohamed N Alama, Salem M Al-Faifi, Mamdouh Haddara, Ciaran M Dixon, Ibrahim S Alzahrani, Abdullah A Alghamdi, Waleed Ahmed, Adnan Fathey, Ejazul Haq, Alawi A Alsheikh-Ali
INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death worldwide. The association of socioeconomic status with CAD is supported by numerous epidemiological studies. Whether such factors also impact the number of diseased coronary vessels and its severity is not well established. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective multicentre, multi-ethnic, cross sectional observational study of consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG) at 5 hospitals in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates...
2017: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
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