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Quality Saudi Arabia

Hana Alharthi
Despite a newfound wealth of data and information, the healthcare sector is lacking in actionable knowledge. This is largely because healthcare data, though plentiful, tends to be inherently complex and fragmented. Health data analytics, with an emphasis on predictive analytics, is emerging as a transformative tool that can enable more proactive and preventative treatment options. This review considers the ways in which predictive analytics has been applied in the for-profit business sector to generate well-timed and accurate predictions of key outcomes, with a focus on key features that may be applicable to healthcare-specific applications...
March 8, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Shadia Alshahrani, Judy Magarey, Alison Kitson
AIMS: To explore the nature of relatives' involvement in the care of patients in acute medical settings in Australia and Saudi Arabia and to explore the perceptions, attitudes and experiences of nurses. BACKGROUND: There is little known about how relatives respond to being involved in patient care and the impact this has on the quality of care. Equally, little is known about how nurses enable such involvement. Previous studies have focused on settings such as critical care and paediatrics where relatives' involvement as advocates is mostly acknowledged and accepted...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Fahad Saleh Al Sweleh, Abdullah Mohammed Al Saedan, Omar Abdullah Al Dayel
A positive safety culture is essential to patient safety because it improves quality of care. The aim of this study was to assess staff and student perceptions of the patient safety culture in the clinics of the College of Dentistry at King Saud University in Saudi Arabia.A cross-sectional study was conducted in the College of Dentistry at King Saud University in Saudi Arabia. It included 4th and 5th year students, interns, general practitioners, and dental assistants. The data were collected by using paper-based questionnaire of modified version of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture...
January 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
Abdulaziz R Al-Harbi, Abdulrasoul M Al-Omran, Khadiga Alharbi
Water scarcity is a major limiting factor for crop productivity in arid and semi-arid areas. Grafting elite commercial cultivars onto selected vigorous rootstocks is considered as a useful strategy to alleviate the impact of environmental stresses. This study aims to investigate the feasibility of using grafting to improve fruit yield and quality of cucumber under water stress conditions. Alosama F1 cucumber cultivar ( Cucumis sativus L.) was grafted onto Affyne ( Cucumis sativus L.) and Shintoza A90 ( Cucurbitamaxima × C...
February 2018: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Usama Saleh, Tom O'Connor, Hattan Al-Subhi, Rana Alkattan, Saad Al-Harbi, Declan Patton
AIM: to explore the nature of leadership styles used by the nursing management team, as perceived by nurses working at the bedside. BACKGROUND: leadership style is related to job satisfaction, staff retention, costs, and quality of care. The leadership styles of managers can be crucial in the healthcare setting, but very few studies have focused on them. METHOD: the study employed qualitative methodology, involving 35 nurses working in different specialties of a medical city in Saudi Arabia...
February 22, 2018: British Journal of Nursing: BJN
Fatima Al Rasheed, Atta Abbas Naqvi, Rizwan Ahmad, Niyaz Ahmad
Objective: The objective was to report academic stress and prevalence of stress-related self-medication among undergraduate female students of health and nonhealth cluster colleges at a public sector university in Dammam, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: A 5-month cross-sectional survey was conducted in the university. The survey included the English version of 10-item Perceived Stress Scale (PSS) to report self-perceived stress. Student responses were analyzed by SPSS version 22 software...
October 2017: Journal of Pharmacy & Bioallied Sciences
Ahmed Ali, Derar Derar, Abdulhadi Alsharari, Assaf Alsharari, Rashid Khalil, Tariq I Almundarij, Yaser Alboti, Fahd Al-Sobayil
A survey of 7122 dromedary camels in 115 herds in Saudi Arabia was used to estimate the effects of herd size (HZ; < 25 vs. 25-49 vs. 50-100 vs. > 100 camels), herder/camels ratio (H/C; 1:< 25 vs. 1:25-50 vs. 1:> 50), manager experience (ME; < 5 vs. 5-10 vs. > 10 years), male/females ratio (M/F), housing system (HS; free vs. closed vs. mixed), length of the breeding season (winter vs. winter and spring vs. fall, winter and spring), age at first mating (3 vs. > 3 years), and time of mating after parturition (≤ 3 vs...
February 15, 2018: Tropical Animal Health and Production
Fatma Alanazy, Surayie Al Dousary, Ahmed Albosaily, Turki Aldriweesh, Saad Alsaleh, Turki Aldrees
BACKGROUND: The Sino-Nasal Outcome Test (SNOT)-22 has multiple items that reflect how nasal disease affects quality of life. Currently, no validated Arabic version of the SNOT-22 is available. OBJECTIVE: . To develop an Arabic-validated version of SNOT-22. DESIGN: Prospective. SETTING: Tertiary care center. PATIENT AND METHODS: This single-center validation study was conducted between 2015 and 2017 at King Abdul-Aziz University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
January 2018: Annals of Saudi Medicine
Samar S Barayan, Badria K Al Dabal, Moataza M Abdelwahab, Marwa M Shafey, Reem S Al Omar
BACKGROUND: Quality of life (QOL) is defined by the World Health Organization as the individual's perception of his/her position in life, within the context of culture and system of values in which the individual lives, and as relates to his/her objectives, expectations, standards, and concerns. Life in university is so stressful; it can affect health-related QOL (HRQOL). There are many factors that affect HRQOL of university students. The aim of this study was to assess the QOL of female university students in Dammam, Saudi Arabia, and identify factors related to it, with special emphasis on Internet use...
January 2018: Journal of Family & Community Medicine
Mohamad Al-Tannir, Isamme AlFayyad, Amani Abu-Shaheen, Ahmed Al-Badr, Fatimah Al Mousawi
Background Developing individual research skills and enhancing the institutional research culture leads to quality research capabilities and research excellence at the national level. We aim to assess the educational needs of healthcare providers regarding research skills at King Fahad Medical City (KFMC), Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Methods From February 2016 to October 2016, we conducted a cross-sectional study using a self-administered questionnaire of the healthcare providers at KFMC. The questionnaire targeted staff who have not been involved in research (n=353; "category-1"), staff who received Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval (n=94; "category-2"), and staff who have completed and published their research (n=53; "category-3")...
November 22, 2017: Curēus
Tariq M Alhawassi, Hatem A Abuelizz, Mansour Almetwazi, Mansour A Mahmoud, Ahmed Alghamdi, Yazed S Alruthia, Nasser BinDhim, Khalid A Alburikan, Yousif A Asiri, Peter J Pitts
Low-quality medicines deliver sub-optimal clinical outcomes and waste precious health resources. It is important to ensure that public funds are spent on healthcare technologies that meet national regulatory bodies such as the Saudi Food and Drug Authority (SFDA), quality standards for safety, efficacy, and quality. Medicines quality is a complicated combination of pre-market regulatory specifications, appropriate sourcing of ingredients (active pharmaceutical ingredient (API), excipients, etc.), manufacturing processes, healthcare ecosystem communications, and regular and robust pharmacovigilance practices...
January 2018: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
Erwin Krauskopf
BACKGROUND: The Journal of Infection and Public Health published its first issue in 2008. The fact that the journal has been published uninterruptedly as well as its editorial content and the application of a peer-review process to select manuscripts, made the journal eligible to be indexed by databases such as Scopus. This study presents a general overview of the journal from 2008 until 2016 using bibliometric indicators to assess its performance. METHODS: The data for this study, dating between 2008 and 2016, was extracted from Scopus database...
January 17, 2018: Journal of Infection and Public Health
Muteb S Alshammari, Ahad S Alshammari, Ammar A Siddiqui, Asaad J Mirza, Rashid I Mian
AIM: Teeth maintain the functionality and esthetic of oral cavity, they are also important for psychological and social well-being. This study aims to assess awareness of patients toward replacement of missing teeth. People with unrestored or missing teeth tend to have poor self-esteem and oral health-related quality of life; hence, their knowledge toward restoring and replacing teeth is an important aspect to be measured. MATERIALS AND METHODS: It was an observational study having a cross-sectional design...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
Feleke Doyore Agide, Roya Sadeghi, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Bereket Molla Tigabu
Background: The outcome of breast cancer treatment largely depends on the timing of detection. The health promotion interventions have an immense contribution to early detection and improved survival. Therefore, this review aimed to provide evidence on the efficacy of the health promotion interventions to increase the uptake of breast cancer screening and to develop effective interventions targeting women. Methods: Online databases (PubMed/MEDLINE/PubMed Central, Ovid/MEDILINE, EMBASE, Web of Science and Google Scholar) were searched for studies published between January 2005 and January 2017...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
Ra'fat Ibrahim Farah, Abdulrahman Sulaiman Aldakhili, Ayoub Sulaiman Alnasser
Objectives: This study evaluates the association between the apical periodontitis (AP) and quality of intraradicular posts and the quality of root fillings assessed radiographically in Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: Digital periapical radiographs of 327 teeth with post-retained restoration were retrieved randomly from the Qassim University screening clinic's digital archives and evaluated. The quality of the intraradicular post and root filling was evaluated according to the optimum criteria...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
Mohammed Khaled Al-Hanawi, Kirit Vaidya, Omar Alsharqi, Obinna Onwujekwe
BACKGROUND: The Saudi Healthcare System is universal, financed entirely from government revenue principally derived from oil, and is 'free at the point of delivery' (non-contributory). However, this system is unlikely to be sustainable in the medium to long term. This study investigates the feasibility and acceptability of healthcare financing reform by examining households' willingness to pay (WTP) for a contributory national health insurance scheme. METHODS: Using the contingent valuation method, a pre-tested interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from 1187 heads of household in Jeddah province over a 5-month period...
January 6, 2018: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
Adel A Alhusaini, Misfer Ali Al-Walah, Ganeswara Rao Melam, Syamala Buragadda
PURPOSE: Children with Down's syndrome (DS) are considered sedentary and less engaged in recommended physical activity (PA) levels. This study compared the PA levels between children with DS and healthy children in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The study included 85 children divided into two groups. The DS group comprised 37 children with DS aged 8-12 years recruited from the Down Syndrome Charitable Association and Al-Nahda Schools for DS. The healthy group comprised 41 healthy children aged 8-12 years recruited from regular schools in the same region...
January 3, 2018: Somatosensory & Motor Research
Ahmad Aalam, Mark Zocchi, Khalid Alyami, Abdullah Shalabi, Abdullah Bakhsh, Asaad Alsufyani, Abdulrahman Sabbagh, Mohammed Alshahrani, Jesse M Pines
BACKGROUND: We compare educational environments (i.e. physical, emotional and intellectual experiences) of emergency medicine (EM) residents training in the United States of America (USA) and Saudi Arabia (SA). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted using an adapted version of the validated Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment Measure (PHEEM) survey instrument from April 2015 through June 2016 to compare educational environments in all emergency medicine residency programs in SA and three selected programs in the USA with a history of training Saudi physicians...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
Mohamad Al-Tannir, Fahad AlGahtani, Amani Abu-Shaheen, Sawsan Al-Tannir, Isamme AlFayyad
BACKGROUND: Although patient engagement is internationally recognized as a core quality indicator of healthcare systems, no report has yet explored patient engagement in Saudi Arabia. Thus, we explored patients' experiences of engagement with healthcare services and assessed physicians' and nurses' perceptions of this engagement. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study on patients and their family members admitted to either the rehabilitation or neurology department of King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
December 29, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
Mohammad Shamsuddin Alaraki
BACKGROUND: The health care system in Saudi Arabia has serious problems with quality and safety that can be reduced through systematic quality improvement (QI) activities. Despite the use of different QI models to improve health care in Saudi hospitals during the last 2 decades, consistent improvements have not yet been achieved and the results are still far below expectations. This may reflect a problem in introducing and implementing the QI models in the local contexts. The objective of this study is to assess the extent of QI implementation in Saudi hospitals and to identify the organizational characteristics that make Saudi hospitals particularly challenging for QI...
January 2018: Quality Management in Health Care
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