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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203115/medical-internship-training-in-saudi-arabia-interns-views-and-perceptions
#1
Ali I Swaid, Abdelkhalig H Elhilu, Mohamed S Mahfouz
BACKGROUND: Internship training offers an important opportunity for personal development and career planning. However, there are many factors affecting the efficiency of training, and the views of interns are rarely considered. The main objective of this study was to explore the views of interns enrolled in Jazan University internship program during the year 2015. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: A web-based cross-sectional study was conducted in the Jazan region, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, during the academic year 2015...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28197216/introducing-the-comprehensive-unit-based-safety-program-for-mechanically-ventilated-patients-in-saudi-arabian-intensive-care-units
#2
Raymond M Khan, Maha Aljuaid, Hanan Aqeel, Mohammed M Aboudeif, Shaimaa Elatwey, Rajeh Shehab, Yasser Mandourah, Khalid Maghrabi, Hassan Hawa, Imran Khalid, Ismael Qushmaq, Asad Latif, Bickey Chang, Sean M Berenholtz, Sultan Tayar, Khloud Al-Harbi, Amin Yousef, Anas A Amr, Yaseen M Arabi
Over the past decade, there have been major improvements to the care of mechanically ventilated patients (MVPs). Earlier initiatives used the concept of ventilator care bundles (sets of interventions), with a primary focus on reducing ventilator-associated pneumonia. However, recent evidence has led to a more comprehensive approach: The ABCDE bundle (Awakening and Breathing trial Coordination, Delirium management and Early mobilization). The approach of the Comprehensive Unit-based Safety Program (CUSP) was developed by patient safety researchers at the Johns Hopkins Hospital and is supported by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality to improve local safety cultures and to learn from defects by utilizing a validated structured framework...
January 2017: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177114/implementation-of-a-mentored-professional-development-programme-in-laboratory-leadership-and-management-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa
#3
L A Perrone, D Confer, E Scott, L Livingston, C Bradburn, A McGee, T Furtwangler, A Downer, A H Mokdad, J F Flandin, S Shotorbani, H Asghar, H E Tolbah, H J Ahmed, A Alwan, R Martin
Laboratories need leaders who can effectively utilize the laboratories' resources, maximize the laboratories'capacity to detect disease, and advocate for laboratories in a fluctuating health care environment. To address this need, the University of Washington, USA, created the Certificate Program in Laboratory Leadership and Management in partnership with WHO Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, and implemented it with 17 participants and 11 mentors from clinical and public health laboratories in 10 countries (Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Morocco, Oman, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, and Yemen) in 2014...
February 1, 2017: Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, la Revue de Santé de la Méditerranée Orientale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162965/socioeconomic-indicators-are-strong-predictors-of-hepatitis-a-seroprevalence-rates-in-the-middle-east-and-north-africa
#4
Mehmet Koroglu, Kathryn H Jacobsen, Tayfur Demiray, Ahmet Ozbek, Unal Erkorkmaz, Mustafa Altindis
The goal of this analysis was to examine the association between age-specific hepatitis A virus (HAV) seroprevalence rates and various socioeconomic indicators within the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) region. We conducted a systematic review of all recently published studies on HAV conducted in the MENA region and identified the highest quality studies for inclusion in our analysis. We calculated the age at midpoint of population immunity (AMPI) for each study and estimated seroprevalence rates at the ages of 5, 10, and 15 years...
February 2, 2017: Journal of Infection and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28162028/competency-assessment-in-laboratory-medicine-standardization-and-utility-for-technical-staff-assessment-and-recertification-in-saudi-arabia
#5
Dalal M Nemenqani, Ara Tekian, Yoon Soo Park
PURPOSE: The assessment of technical staff members' competency has been a challenge for laboratory workers, to ensure patient safety and high quality services. The aim of this study was to (1) investigate awareness on best ways to assess lab competencies; (2) identify existing institutional methods of competency assessment and how staff perceptions; and (3) gather opinions of respondents about a proposed program for competency assessment in laboratory medicine. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted, followed by an interview and discussion with laboratory stakeholders about a proposed competency assessment program that included all the six procedural elements of laboratory personnel competency assessment...
February 5, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28138189/medical-students-perception-of-the-progress-test-as-a-quality-controlled-assessment-tool-for-improving-learning-and-teaching-at-a-public-sector-medical-college-in-saudi-arabia
#6
Kamran Sattar, Tauseef Ahmad, Mahmoud Salah Khalil, Mona Mohamed Soliman, Gominda Giatry Punnamperuma, Hamza Mohammad Abdulghani
Progress test's distinguishing characteristics make it pertinent worldwide. We explored medical students' perceptions and opinions about Progress Test (PT) with a view to identifying areas concomitant with it's execution. This cross-sectional study took place at College of Medicine, Saudi Arabia, during the academic year 2015-16. A questionnaire (14 items) was administered. Reason for majority n=96 (89.7%) of the total participants to take the PT was their keenness to compare their academic standing with their peers from other participating medical colleges...
February 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28122322/third-molar-cut-off-value-in-assessing-the-legal-age-of-18-in-saudi-population
#7
Sakher AlQahtani, Alemad Kawthar, Ayman AlAraik, Ahmad AlShalan
: Teeth plays a major role in forensic sciences especially in age assessment of an individual, which can be used to aid in criminal or civil matters. The importance of teeth comes from their ability to survive inhumation well and because they are hardly affected by exogenous and endogenous factors. Third molars are the only teeth still developing after the age of 14 years and during the legal age of adulthood, which is 18 years. The consequences of criminal violation can strongly affect the individual's life, it is important to set different parameters to decide whether an individual is a minor or an adult in the absence of documents...
January 11, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28103722/accreditation-of-medical-schools-in-saudi-arabia-a-qualitative-study
#8
S A Alrebish, B C Jolly, E K Molloy
CONTEXT: The accreditation of undergraduate medical education is a universal undertaking. Despite the widespread adoption of accreditation processes and an increasing focus on accreditation as a mechanism to ensure minimum standards are met in various fields, there is little evidence to support the effectiveness of accreditation. Traditionally, accreditation has worked toward achieving two ends: assuring and improving quality. Many recent articles emphasize the need for continuous quality improvement mechanisms to work, as well as the quality assurance role of accreditation...
January 20, 2017: Medical Teacher
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090183/sleep-patterns-and-predictors-of-poor-sleep-quality-among-medical-students-in-king-khalid-university-saudi-arabia
#9
Aesha Farheen Siddiqui, Hasan Al-Musa, Hasan Al-Amri, Abdulkareem Al-Qahtani, Mushabab Al-Shahrani, Mohammad Al-Qahtani
BACKGROUND: Sleep problems and poor sleep quality are important issues for medical students. This study aimed to investigate the sleep patterns, measure the prevalence of poor sleep quality, and identify the predictors of poor sleep among medical students in King Khalid University (KKU), Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This cross-sectional study enrolled 318 medical students during October-November, 2015. Participants were selected by convenience sampling and data were collected using self-administered questionnaires to obtain information regarding socio-demographic variables and indicators of sleep quality...
November 2016: Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences: MJMS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053589/nectar-secretion-dynamics-and-honey-production-potentials-of-some-major-honey-plants-in-saudi-arabia
#10
Nuru Adgaba, Ahmed Al-Ghamdi, Yilma Tadesse, Awraris Getachew, Awad M Awad, Mohammad J Ansari, Ayman A Owayss, Seif Eldin A Mohammed, Abdulaziz S Alqarni
The contribution of a bee plant species to honey production depends on the plant's nectar secretion quality and quantity, which is mainly governed by biotic and abiotic factors. The aim of the current study, was to investigate the nectar secretion dynamics and honey production potential of 14 major bee plant species of the target area. We examined the quantity and dynamics of nectar sugar per flower five times a day using a nectar sugar washing technique and direct measuring of nectar with calibrated capillary tubes...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053574/evaluation-of-different-commercial-feeds-on-grow-out-silver-black-porgy-sparidentex-hasta-valenciennes-for-optimum-growth-performance-fillet-quality-and-cost-of-production
#11
M A Hossain, K M Al-Abdul-Elah, S El-Dakour
The objective of the study was to find a cost-effective feed from three commercial feeds, namely, Arasco (Saudi Arabia), Skretting (Turkey), and Biomar (Greece) for commercially producing silver black porgy (sobaity bream), Sparidentex hasta in Kuwait. For confidentiality, these feeds were randomly given code names, diets 1, 2, and 3, which were known only to the investigating staffs. The trash fish (diet 4) was used as the control. The experiment was conducted for 28 wk with grow-out sobaity bream (210.0 ± 0...
January 2017: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28050981/intricate-evaluation-of-association-between-dental-caries-and-obesity-among-the-children-in-al-kharj-city-saudi-arabia
#12
Mohammed As Abu El Qomsan, Mohammed N Alasqah, Fahad A Alqahtani, Mohammed Aa Alobaydaa, Muteb M Alharbi, Zaheer Kola
INTRODUCTION: Dental caries and obesity are two of the most prevalent health conditions affecting children. Relative decrease in corporeal movements, escalating inactive lifestyles, and changes in dietary factors are strongly linked with the increasing incidence of overweight and obesity. Furthermore, obesity increases the risk of chronic disease and dental caries that significantly affects the quality of life of young children. The present study intends to explore the relationship between dental caries and obesity in children in Al-Kharj city, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Contemporary Dental Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042631/the-effect-of-wet-cupping-on-quality-of-life-of-adult-patients-with-chronic-medical-conditions-in-king-abdulaziz-university-hospital
#13
Soad K Al Jaouni, Eman A El-Fiky, Samiha A Mourad, Nahla Khamis Ibrahim, Abdullah M Kaki, Sawsan M Rohaiem, Mohamad H Qari, Laila M Tabsh, Adel A Aljawhari
To assess the effect of wet cupping on health-related quality of life (HRQOL) of adult patients with chronic medical conditions, who were referred to the Cupping Clinic of King Abdulaziz University Hospital (KAUH), Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods: A controlled, quasi-experimental study design was carried out among 629 patients referred for cupping from the KAUH Specialty Clinics, during the period from January to December 2014. Patients in the intervention group (309 patients) completed a pre-test included WHO quality of life-BREF, received one wet-cupping session, and filled-out the post-test (1 month later)...
January 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28007679/ten-year-analysis-of-hepatitis-related-papers-in-the-middle-east-a-web-of-science-based-scientometric-study
#14
Mohammad Saeid Rezaee Zavareh, Seyed Moayed Alavian
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In the Middle East (ME), the proper understanding of hepatitis, especially viral hepatitis, is considered to be extremely important. However, no published paper has investigated the status of hepatitis-related research in the ME. A scientometric analysis based on the Web of Science database was conducted on hepatitis-related papers in the ME to determine the current status of research on this topic. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A scientometric analysis using the Web of Science database, specifically articles from the Expanded Science Citation Index and Social Sciences Citation Index, was conducted on work published between 2005 and 2014 using the keyword "hepatitis" in conjunction with the names of countries in the ME...
January 2017: Turkish Journal of Gastroenterology: the Official Journal of Turkish Society of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27991477/nutritional-status-and-outcomes-in-hemodialysis-patients-from-the-gulf-cooperation-council-countries-enrolled-in-the-dialysis-outcome-and-practice-patterns-study-phase-5-2012-2015
#15
Fadwa S Al-Ali, Brian A Bieber, Ronald L Pisoni, Hany Ezzat, Mohammed AlGhonaim, Fayez AlHejaili, Sumaya AlGhareeb, Abdulkarim Saleh, Yacoub Al Maimani, Anas Alyousef, Haroun Z Ahmed, Abdullah Hamad
Nutrition is an important factor in maintaining good health of hemodialysis (HD) patients, affecting their morbidity and mortality. The Dialysis Outcomes and Practice Patterns Study (DOPPS) is an international observational study assessing differences in dialysis practices and outcomes across >20 countries. Here, we present the results for the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries regarding nutrition data and its relationship with outcomes as a part of the DOPPS Phase 5 study (2012-2015). Data were from Phase 5 of the DOPPS...
November 2016: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27989348/patient-expectations-and-satisfaction-with-foot-and-ankle-surgery-in-saudi-arabia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#16
Omar A Al-Mohrej, Waleed K Alsarhani, Ahmed M Al-Mohrej, Emad M Masuadi, Nader S Al-Kenani
The success of surgery is associated not only with the quality of the procedure but also with the degree to which it meets the patient's expectations. Limited data are available on patient expectations related to foot and ankle surgery in Saudi Arabia. Our study assessed the preoperative expectations and postoperative satisfaction of patients who had undergone foot and ankle surgery at 1 hospital in Saudi Arabia. A survey-based, retrospective cohort study was conducted among patients who had undergone elective foot or ankle surgery at King Abdul-Aziz Medical City, Riyadh, from January 2010 to December 2015...
January 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27911983/fibrin-glue-versus-sutures-for-conjunctival-autografting-in-primary-pterygium-surgery
#17
REVIEW
Vito Romano, Mario Cruciani, Luigi Conti, Luigi Fontana
BACKGROUND: Pterygium, a growth of the conjunctiva over the cornea, is a progressive disease leading in advanced stages to visual impairment, restriction of ocular motility, chronic inflammation and cosmetic concerns. Surgical removal is the treatment of choice, but recurrence can be a problem. Currently the best surgical option in terms of recurrence is conjunctival autograft. To date the most common surgical methods of attaching conjunctival autografts to the sclera are through suturing or fibrin glue...
2, 2016: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893209/determination-of-metal-levels-in-shamma-smokeless-tobacco-with-inductively-coupled-plasma-mass-spectrometry-icp-ms-in-najran-saudi-arabia
#18
Eid Ibrahim Brima
Objective: The use of Shamma (smokeless tobacco) by certain groups is giving rise to health problems, including cancer, in parts of Saudi Arabia. Our objective was to determine metals levels in Shamma using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Methods: Thirty-three samples of Shamma (smokeless tobacco) were collected, comprising four types: brown Shamma (n = 14.0), red Shamma (n = 9.0), white Shamma (n = 4.0), and yellow Shamma (n = 6.0). All samples were collected randomly from Shamma users in the city of Najran...
1, 2016: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention: APJCP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876972/prevalence-and-seasonal-variation-of-ectoparasites-in-cultured-nile-tilapia-oreochromis-niloticus-in-saudi-arabia
#19
El Amin M Suliman, Ahmed H Al-Harbi
The prevalence, mean intensity and abundance of ectoparasites (monogeneans and trichodinids) from Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus were investigated during different seasons of two consecutive years, from January 2011 to December 2012. A total of 360 O. niloticus was collected from three fish farms located in the central region of Saudi Arabia. Prevalence, mean intensity and mean abundance of monogeneans on fish gills were found to be significantly (p < 0.01) higher in farm(C) (81.67, 495.23, 405.84 %) than farm (A) (7...
December 2016: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796701/bedouin-women-s-gender-preferences-when-choosing-obstetricians-and-gynecologists
#20
Hadar Amir, Hanaa Abokaf, Yifat Amir Levy, Foad Azem, Eyal Sheiner
Patients' preferences in choosing obstetricians/gynecologists are widely investigated, but studies among traditional populations are lacking. Bedouins comprise a traditional Arab Muslim society in the Arabian Peninsula (Saudi Arabia), The Levant (Syria, Jordan and Israel) and North Africa (Egypt). Most of the Bedouins in Israel populate several villages, mostly in the southern part of the country. This cross-sectional study compared 200 Bedouin and 200 Jewish women who responded to an anonymous questionnaire...
October 31, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
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