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Quality Saudi Arabia

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351597/a-systematic-review-of-health-promotion-interventions-to-increase-breast-cancer-screening-uptake-from-the-last-12-years
#1
Feleke Doyore Agide, Roya Sadeghi, Gholamreza Garmaroudi, Bereket Molla Tigabu
Background: The outcome of breast cancer treatment largely depends on the timing of detection. The health promotion interventions have an immense contribution to early detection and improved survival. Therefore, this review aimed to provide evidence on the efficacy of the health promotion interventions to increase the uptake of breast cancer screening and to develop effective interventions targeting women. Methods: Online databases (PubMed/MEDLINE/PubMed Central, Ovid/MEDILINE, EMBASE, Web of Science and Google Scholar) were searched for studies published between January 2005 and January 2017...
January 16, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29326509/a-radiographic-study-of-the-association-between-apical-periodontitis-and-technical-quality-of-intraradicular-posts-and-root-canal-fillings-a-cross-sectional-study-in-qassim-region-saudi-arabia
#2
Ra'fat Ibrahim Farah, Abdulrahman Sulaiman Aldakhili, Ayoub Sulaiman Alnasser
Objectives: This study evaluates the association between the apical periodontitis (AP) and quality of intraradicular posts and the quality of root fillings assessed radiographically in Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. Materials and Methods: Digital periapical radiographs of 327 teeth with post-retained restoration were retrieved randomly from the Qassim University screening clinic's digital archives and evaluated. The quality of the intraradicular post and root filling was evaluated according to the optimum criteria...
October 2017: Contemporary Clinical Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29307076/investigating-the-willingness-to-pay-for-a-contributory-national-health-insurance-scheme-in-saudi-arabia-a-cross-sectional-stated-preference-approach
#3
Mohammed Khaled Al-Hanawi, Kirit Vaidya, Omar Alsharqi, Obinna Onwujekwe
BACKGROUND: The Saudi Healthcare System is universal, financed entirely from government revenue principally derived from oil, and is 'free at the point of delivery' (non-contributory). However, this system is unlikely to be sustainable in the medium to long term. This study investigates the feasibility and acceptability of healthcare financing reform by examining households' willingness to pay (WTP) for a contributory national health insurance scheme. METHODS: Using the contingent valuation method, a pre-tested interviewer-administered questionnaire was used to collect data from 1187 heads of household in Jeddah province over a 5-month period...
January 6, 2018: Applied Health Economics and Health Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29295640/pedometer-determined-physical-activity-levels-of-healthy-children-and-children-with-down-s-syndrome
#4
Adel A Alhusaini, Misfer Ali Al-Walah, Ganeswara Rao Melam, Syamala Buragadda
PURPOSE: Children with Down's syndrome (DS) are considered sedentary and less engaged in recommended physical activity (PA) levels. This study compared the PA levels between children with DS and healthy children in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The study included 85 children divided into two groups. The DS group comprised 37 children with DS aged 8-12 years recruited from the Down Syndrome Charitable Association and Al-Nahda Schools for DS. The healthy group comprised 41 healthy children aged 8-12 years recruited from regular schools in the same region...
January 3, 2018: Somatosensory & Motor Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29290889/perceptions-of-emergency-medicine-residents-on-the-quality-of-residency-training-in-the-united-states-and-saudi-arabia
#5
Ahmad Aalam, Mark Zocchi, Khalid Alyami, Abdullah Shalabi, Abdullah Bakhsh, Asaad Alsufyani, Abdulrahman Sabbagh, Mohammed Alshahrani, Jesse M Pines
BACKGROUND: We compare educational environments (i.e. physical, emotional and intellectual experiences) of emergency medicine (EM) residents training in the United States of America (USA) and Saudi Arabia (SA). METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study was conducted using an adapted version of the validated Postgraduate Hospital Educational Environment Measure (PHEEM) survey instrument from April 2015 through June 2016 to compare educational environments in all emergency medicine residency programs in SA and three selected programs in the USA with a history of training Saudi physicians...
2018: World Journal of Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284485/patient-experiences-of-engagement-with-care-plans-and-healthcare-professionals-perceptions-of-that-engagement
#6
Mohamad Al-Tannir, Fahad AlGahtani, Amani Abu-Shaheen, Sawsan Al-Tannir, Isamme AlFayyad
BACKGROUND: Although patient engagement is internationally recognized as a core quality indicator of healthcare systems, no report has yet explored patient engagement in Saudi Arabia. Thus, we explored patients' experiences of engagement with healthcare services and assessed physicians' and nurses' perceptions of this engagement. METHODS: We performed a cross-sectional study on patients and their family members admitted to either the rehabilitation or neurology department of King Fahad Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia...
December 29, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29280902/assessing-the-organizational-characteristics-influencing-quality-improvement-implementation-in-saudi-hospitals
#7
Mohammad Shamsuddin Alaraki
BACKGROUND: The health care system in Saudi Arabia has serious problems with quality and safety that can be reduced through systematic quality improvement (QI) activities. Despite the use of different QI models to improve health care in Saudi hospitals during the last 2 decades, consistent improvements have not yet been achieved and the results are still far below expectations. This may reflect a problem in introducing and implementing the QI models in the local contexts. The objective of this study is to assess the extent of QI implementation in Saudi hospitals and to identify the organizational characteristics that make Saudi hospitals particularly challenging for QI...
January 2018: Quality Management in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29248075/pharmacy-education-in-saudi-arabia-the-past-the-present-and-the-future
#8
Abdulhakem Alhamoudi, Ashraf Alnattah
INTRODUCTION: Saudi Arabia has a population of approximately 31 million people. The amount of literature published regarding pharmacy education in Saudi Arabia, however, is insignificant in number. The objective of this study is to describe the condition of pharmacy education in Saudi Arabia. METHODS: PubMed, Saudi Arabian government's publications and websites of pharmacy colleges have been searched. Descriptive content analysis has been used to draw a complete picture of pharmacy education in Saudi Arabia...
January 2018: Currents in Pharmacy Teaching & Learning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29240670/well-being-and-associated-factors-among-women-in-the-gender-segregated-country
#9
Hoda Jradi, Oraynab Abouabbas
Well-being is an essential measure that contributes to the evaluation of the health and quality of life of populations. In 1948, the World Health Organization (WHO) defined health as physical, mental and social well-being. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, between July and September 2015. Women aged 18 years old and above were invited to participate in the study. The data were collected using the WHO's Well-Being Index questionnaire. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression models were fitted to identify factors that are significantly associated with well-being...
December 14, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29238490/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-among-population-of-arar-city-northern-saudi-arabia
#10
Anwar Matar Alsulobi, Nagah Mohamed Abo El-Fetoh, Sara Ghazi Eid Alenezi, Razan Ahmed Alanazi, Rawan Hamdan Salem Alenazy, Fryail Aied Lafi Alenzy, Amthal Alturqi Alenzi, Aisha Melfy Al Hazmy, Kholoud Obeid Albathaly, Rehab Jazem Fattal Alruwaili, Ibtisam Matan Alanazi, Ebtihal Ahmad Ali Alghamdi, Maryam Saeed Alanazi, Najah Owaed Aienzi
Background: During the recent decade, several studies about prevalence of symptom-based GERD have revealed increase of its prevalence. In addition to the highly disturbing typical symptoms, it has a series of known consequences and may affect the quality of life. Objective: To determine the prevalence of gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) as well as their main characteristics and risk factors among the population of Arar City, Northern Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out on a sample of 302 individuals from population of Arar city from October 01, 2016 to May 30, 2017, using a researcher made questionnaire and checklist...
October 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229889/admission-of-term-infants-to-the-neonatal-intensive-care-unit-in-a-saudi-tertiary-teaching-hospital-cumulative-incidence-and-risk-factors
#11
Heidi Al-Wassia, Mafaza Saber
BACKGROUND: An increasing number of term infants of appropriate birthweight receive care in neonatal intensive care units (NICUs). OBJECTIVES: This study assessed the prevalence, patterns, and risk factors for admission of term infants to a NICU to identify areas for quality improvement. DESIGN: Cross-sectional analytical study. SETTING: An academic and referral center in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. PATIENTS AND METHODS: The cases were all term infants (>=37 weeks gestational age) admitted to the NICU between 1 January and 31 December 2015...
November 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209668/salivary-parameters-among-arabian-snuff-shammah-users
#12
Mohammed S Al-Ak'hali, Esam S Halboub, Osama H Mujam, Noor M Alahmar, Salehah A Jerah, Fahad A Mutawwam
To evaluate the salivary flow rate (SFR),  pH, and buffer capacity (BC) among healthy shammah users (SU) in comparison with healthy non-shammah users (NSU). Methods: This case-control study was conducted at the College of Dentistry, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between March 2016 and May 2017. A sample of 27 SU and 30 NSU were recruited. Unstimulated saliva was collected and SFR, pH, and BC were determined. Dental health was assessed using the decay-missing-filled teeth (DMFT) index.  Results: Shammah users were slightly older than NSU (28...
December 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193701/perceived-infection-prevention-climate-and-its-predictors-among-nurses-in-saudi-arabia
#13
Paolo C Colet, Jonas Preposi Cruz, Gabby Cacho, Hikmet Al-Qubeilat, Shiela S Soriano, Charlie P Cruz
PURPOSE: This study investigated the staff nurses' perception of the infection prevention climate and its predictors in two hospitals. DESIGN: This is a cross-sectional study employing a convenience sample of 224 staff nurses at two general hospitals in Riyadh province. METHODS: The study utilized a two-part questionnaire that captures respondents' characteristics and the validated tool on Leading a Culture of Quality for Infection Prevention (LCQ-IP)...
November 29, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158700/x-ray-crystallographic-and-validated-hptlc-analysis-of-the-biomarker-chromone-glucoside-schumanniofioside-a-isolated-from-acalypha-fruticosa-growing-in-saudi-arabia
#14
Areej M Al-Taweel, Ghada A Fawzy, Shagufta Perveen, Perwez Alam, Ali A El Gamal
A chromone glucoside 2-methyl-5,7-dihydroxychromone 5-O-β-D-glucopyranoside (schumanniofioside A, compound 1) was isolated from the methanol extract of Acalypha fruticosa. The structure of compound 1 was fully assigned based on nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) ((1)H, (13)C and 2D) spectra and electrospray ionization mass spectrum (ESI-MS) in addition to X-ray Crystallography. The molecules were packed in the crystal structure by eight intermolecular O-H⋯O and C-H⋯O interactions. The structure of compound 1 belongs to monoclinic, P21, a = 9...
November 2017: Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal: SPJ: the Official Publication of the Saudi Pharmaceutical Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153646/waste-to-biodiesel-a-preliminary-assessment-for-saudi-arabia
#15
M Rehan, J Gardy, A Demirbas, U Rashid, W M Budzianowski, Deepak Pant, A S Nizami
This study presents a preliminary assessment of biodiesel production from waste sources available in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) for energy generation and solution for waste disposal issues. A case study was developed under three different scenarios: (S1) KSA population only in 2017, (S2) KSA population and pilgrims in 2017, and (S3) KSA population and pilgrims by 2030 using the fat fraction of the municipal solid waste. It was estimated that S1, S2, and S3 scenarios could produce around 1.08, 1.10 and 1...
November 10, 2017: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118870/risk-factors-for-gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-in-saudi-arabia
#16
Ali Mesfer Alkhathami, Abdulrahman Ahmad Alzahrani, Mohammed Abdullah Alzhrani, Obaidallah Buraykan Alsuwat, Mohammad Eid Mahmoud Mahfouz
Background: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is one of the most prevalent gastrointestinal tract diseases worldwide. GERD has an effect on the patients' quality of life as well as the health care system that can be prevented by identifying its risk factors among the population. Hence, we applied this study to assess the GERD's risk factors in Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed to assess the GERD's risk factors among the community of Saudi Arabia...
October 2017: Gastroenterology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118538/utilization-of-penile-prosthesis-and-male-incontinence-prosthetics-in-saudi-arabia
#17
Amjad Alwaal, Ahmad J Al-Sayyad
Background: Erectile dysfunction is a prevalent disease affecting over 50% of men between the ages of 40 and 70 years. Penile prosthesis represents the end of the line treatment when other less invasive therapies fail or are contraindicated. Male stress urinary incontinence can significantly diminish quality of life and lead to embarrassment and social withdrawal. Surgical therapies, such as male urethral slings and artificial urinary sphincters (AUS), are considered effective and safe treatments for male stress incontinence...
October 2017: Urology Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114194/audiology-and-speech-language-pathology-practice-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Ahmad A Alanazi
Objectives: Audiology and speech-language pathology (SLP) are relatively new professions in Saudi Arabia. The idea of establishing new audiology and SLP programs in some education facilities has become popular across Saudi Arabia; yet, only four undergraduate and graduate programs are currently available. This study aimed to explore the fields of audiology and SLP in Saudi Arabia, obtain demography of audiologists and Speech-language pathologists (SLPs), understand their current practices, and identify their perspective on what both professions need to improve...
November 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110860/incidence-and-prevalence-rates-of-diabetes-mellitus-in-saudi-arabia-an-overview
#19
REVIEW
Abdulellah Alotaibi, Lin Perry, Leila Gholizadeh, Ali Al-Ganmi
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to report on the trends in incidence and prevalence rates of diabetes mellitus in Saudi Arabia over the last 25 years (1990-2015). DESIGN: A descriptive review. METHODS: A systematic search was conducted for English-language, peer reviewed publications of any research design via Medline, EBSCO, PubMed and Scopus from 1990 to 2015. Of 106 articles retrieved, after removal of duplicates and quality appraisal, 8 studies were included in the review and synthesised based on study characteristics, design and findings...
December 2017: Journal of Epidemiology and Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29062556/neurology-research-in-saudi-arabia-urgent-call-for-action
#20
Hussein Algahtani, Bader Shirah, Faisal Boker, Albaraa Algamdi, Abdulah Alkahtani
OBJECTIVES: Research activities in Saudi Arabia are promoted at the governmental and institutional levels. However, the output and quality of research conducted in the field of neurology has not yet been measured quantitatively. This study therefore aimed to analyse neurology-related publications from Saudi Arabia. METHODS: This study was conducted in January 2016. A systematic search using the PubMed® search engine (National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, Maryland, USA) was conducted to identify all neurology-related articles published from Saudi Arabia between January 1996 and December 2015...
August 2017: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
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