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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635552/temporal-variation-of-fine-and-coarse-particulate-matter-sources-in-jeddah-saudi-arabia
#1
Chris C Lim, George D Thurston, Magdy Shamy, Mansour Alghamdi, Mamdouh Khoder, Abdullah M Mohorjy, Abdulrahman K Alkhalaf, Jason Brocato, Lung Chi Chen, Max Costa
This study provides the first comprehensive analysis of the seasonal variations and weekday/weekend differences in fine (PM2.5) and coarse (PM2.5-10) particulate matter mass concentrations, elemental constituents, and potential source origins in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. Air quality samples were collected over one year, from June 2011 to May 2012 at a frequency of three times per week, and analyzed. The average mass concentrations of PM2.5 (21.9 μg/m(3)) and PM10 (107.8 μg/m(3)) during the sampling period exceeded the recommended annual average levels by the World Health Organization (WHO) for PM2...
June 21, 2017: Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635358/disability-and-the-impact-of-need-for-periodontal-care-on-quality-of-life-a-cross-sectional-study
#2
Maha El Tantawi, Adel AlAgl
Objective The need for periodontal care may negatively impact daily life. We compared the need for periodontal care and its impact on daily life between disabled and healthy adults in the Eastern Province, Saudi Arabia. Methods In this cross-sectional study of 819 adults, a questionnaire was used to assess personal background factors; the impact of periodontitis on pain, avoiding foods, embarrassment, sleeplessness, work absence, and discontinuing daily activities; and risk factors (smoking, diabetes, toothbrushing, insurance, professional tooth cleaning, and dental visits)...
January 1, 2017: Journal of International Medical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634586/the-referral-system-between-primary-and-secondary-health-care-in-saudi-arabia-for-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-a-systematic-review
#3
REVIEW
Mohammed Senitan, Ali Hassan Alhaiti, James Gillespie, Badar Faiz Alotaibi, George Binh Lenon
BACKGROUND: In Saudi Arabia, the mortality of diabetes is currently reported at 6%. A well-administered referral system is crucial in aiding the management of this disease. METHOD: A single reviewer employed a systematic approach to searching the literature databases with regard to the question: what are the attributes of referral systems in Saudi Arabia for patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D)? The results were analysed in order to provide recommendations to improve the Saudi health system...
2017: Journal of Diabetes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624130/assessing-the-hydrogeochemical-processes-affecting-groundwater-pollution-in-arid-areas-using-an-integration-of-geochemical-equilibrium-and-multivariate-statistical-techniques
#4
Mohamed El Alfy, Aref Lashin, Fathy Abdalla, Abdulaziz Al-Bassam
Rapid economic expansion poses serious problems for groundwater resources in arid areas, which typically have high rates of groundwater depletion. In this study, integration of hydrochemical investigations involving chemical and statistical analyses are conducted to assess the factors controlling hydrochemistry and potential pollution in an arid region. Fifty-four groundwater samples were collected from the Dhurma aquifer in Saudi Arabia, and twenty-one physicochemical variables were examined for each sample...
June 14, 2017: Environmental Pollution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602046/exercise-interventions-for-cerebral-palsy
#5
REVIEW
Jennifer M Ryan, Elizabeth E Cassidy, Stephen G Noorduyn, Neil E O'Connell
BACKGROUND: Cerebral palsy (CP) is a neurodevelopmental disorder resulting from an injury to the developing brain. It is the most common form of childhood disability with prevalence rates of between 1.5 and 3.8 per 1000 births reported worldwide. The primary impairments associated with CP include reduced muscle strength and reduced cardiorespiratory fitness, resulting in difficulties performing activities such as dressing, walking and negotiating stairs.Exercise is defined as a planned, structured and repetitive activity that aims to improve fitness, and it is a commonly used intervention for people with CP...
June 11, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578362/student-perception-of-the-educational-environment-in-regular-and-bridging-nursing-programs-in-saudi-arabia-using-the-dundee-ready-educational-environment-measure
#6
Omar Mansour Al Nozha, Hani T Fadel
BACKGROUND: Taibah University offers regular nursing (RNP) and nursing bridging (NBP) bachelor programs. We evaluated student perception of the learning environment as one means of quality assurance. OBJECTIVES: To assess nursing student perception of their educational environment, to compare the perceptions of regular and bridging students, and to compare the perceptions of students in the old and new curricula. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey...
May 2017: Annals of Saudi Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577144/resource-recovery-of-food-waste-through-continuous-thermophilic-in-vessel-composting
#7
Mohammad Waqas, Talal Almeelbi, Abdul-Sattar Nizami
In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) and Gulf region, a very small amount of municipal solid waste (MSW) is treated for compost production. The produced compost through traditional methods of compost piles and trenches does not coincide with the international standards of compost quality. Therefore, in this study, a continuous thermophilic composting (CTC) method is introduced as a novel and efficient technique for treating food waste into a quality compost in a short period of time. The quality of the compost was examined by degradation rates of organic matter (OM), changes in total carbon (TC), ash contents, pH, dynamics in ammonium nitrogen (NH4-N) and nitrate nitrogen (NO3-N), and nitrification index (NI)...
June 3, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573352/risk-based-framework-for-optimizing-residual-chlorine-in-large-water-distribution-systems
#8
Muhammad Nadeem Sharif, Ashraf Farahat, Husnain Haider, Muhammad A Al-Zahrani, Manuel J Rodriguez, Rehan Sadiq
Managing residual chlorine in large water distribution systems (WDS) to minimize human health risk is a daunting task. In this research, a novel risk-based framework is developed and implemented in a distribution network spanning over 64 km(2) for supplying water to the city of Al-Khobar (Saudi Arabia) through 473-km-long water mains. The framework integrates the planning of linear assets (i.e., pipes) and placement of booster stations to optimize residual chlorine in the WDS. Failure mode and effect analysis are integrated with the fuzzy set theory to perform risk analysis...
July 2017: Environmental Monitoring and Assessment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553412/dental-and-oral-problem-patterns-and-treatment-seeking-behavior-of-geriatric-population
#9
Bader K AlZarea
BACKGROUND: The manifestations of oral changes and disorders affecting the geriatric population are different from the rest of the population. Inaccessibility to dental care is a compelling impediment to avail oral health services. OBJECTIVE: The aims were to assess the dental and oral problems and to find out the determinants of oral health seeking behaviour among elderly population of Al-Jouf province, Saudi Arabia. METHODS: The present cross sectional study included geriatric patients of 60 years and above, who visited the College of Dentistry, Al-Jouf University...
2017: Open Dentistry Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28553410/socioeconomic-factors-and-severity-of-coronary-artery-disease-in-patients-undergoing-coronary-angiography-a-multicentre-study-of-arabian-gulf-states
#10
Amin Daoulah, Osama E Elkhateeb, S Ali Nasseri, Mushabab Al-Murayeh, Salem Al-Kaabi, Amir Lotfi, Mohamed N Alama, Salem M Al-Faifi, Mamdouh Haddara, Ciaran M Dixon, Ibrahim S Alzahrani, Abdullah A Alghamdi, Waleed Ahmed, Adnan Fathey, Ejazul Haq, Alawi A Alsheikh-Ali
INTRODUCTION: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of death worldwide. The association of socioeconomic status with CAD is supported by numerous epidemiological studies. Whether such factors also impact the number of diseased coronary vessels and its severity is not well established. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a prospective multicentre, multi-ethnic, cross sectional observational study of consecutive patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG) at 5 hospitals in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and the United Arab Emirates...
2017: Open Cardiovascular Medicine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28550979/status-of-blood-transfusion-in-world-health-organization-eastern-mediterranean-region-who-emr-successes-and-challenges
#11
REVIEW
Arezoo Darbandi, Pargol Mashati, Amir Yami, Arshia Gharehbaghian, Mehdi Tabrizi Namini, Ahmad Gharehbaghian
BACKGROUND: Blood products are used for patient treatment and survival in the cases of major surgery, hematological disorders or cancer therapy. Presently the main blood components are not yet replaceable by artificial products and all activities related to blood transfusion is highly dependent on the healthcare development of each country. The World Health Organization Eastern Mediterranean Region (WHO-EMR) comprises of 21 member states with variable socio-economic status effective on blood transfusion activities...
May 8, 2017: Transfusion and Apheresis Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28539865/gastroesophageal-reflux-disease-prevalence-among-school-teachers-of-saudi-arabia-and-its-impact-on-their-daily-life-activities
#12
Abdulrahman Mohammed Altwigry, Majed Saud Almutairi, Masood Ahmed
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) is the most common upper gastrointestinal disorder encountered in the elderly patient. It is highly prevalent worldwide with a prevalence of 10-20% in the western world. The health-related quality of life (HRQL) is lower in individuals with GERD than in the general population and is comparable to that in individuals with other chronic diseases. It has a considerable impact on the quality of the patient's life through its symptoms and economically by following consultation procedures and medical care...
April 2017: International Journal of Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28494624/an-overview-of-the-performance-improvement-initiatives-by-the-ministry-of-health-in-the-kingdom-of-saudi-arabia
#13
Mazen Hassanain
Saudi Arabia's Ministry of Health (MOH) use corporate performance improvement methodologies to develop and implement performance improvement initiatives designed to continue building on the Ministry's vision of transforming hospital operations and instituting a culture of quality and performance focused on the "patient first" principle. We evaluated the feasibility of setting up a performance improvement unit (PIU) within the MOH to apply the principles of Lean Six Sigma and to change management methodologies...
January 1, 2017: Inquiry: a Journal of Medical Care Organization, Provision and Financing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470136/reducing-patients-falls-rate-in-an-academic-medical-center-amc-using-six-sigma-dmaic-approach
#14
Ahmed Al Kuwaiti, Arun Vijay Subbarayalu
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to evaluate the impact of adopting the Six Sigma define, measure, analyze, improve and control (DMAIC) approach in reducing patients fall rate in an Academic Medical Center, Saudi Arabia. Design/methodology/approach A prospective study design was adopted and this study was conducted at King Fahd Hospital of the University (KFHU) during the year 2014. Based on the historical data of the patients' falls reported at KFHU during the year 2013, the goal was fixed to reduce the falls rate from 7...
May 8, 2017: International Journal of Health Care Quality Assurance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28458548/metabolic-screening-and-its-impact-in-children-with-nonsyndromic-intellectual-disability
#15
Yasser F Ali, Salah El-Morshedy, Riad M Elsayed, Amr M El-Sherbini, Saber Am El-Sayed, Nasser Ismail A Abdelrahman, Abdulbasit Abdulhalim Imam
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze the value of routine metabolic screening tests in children with an intellectual disability (ID) and its impact on improving their outcome and quality of life through appropriate intervention and treatment. PATIENTS AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted in the Pediatric Neurology Clinic, Al Khafji Joint Operations Hospital, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. A total of 150 children with nonsyndromic ID (66% males) in the age range of 5-17 years were compared with 50 apparently healthy age- and sex-matched controls...
2017: Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28454079/burnout-and-its-association-with-extracurricular-activities-among-medical-students-in-saudi-arabia
#16
Sami A Almalki, Abdullah I Almojali, Ali S Alothman, Emad M Masuadi, Meshal K Alaqeel
Objectives: To assess levels of burnout in medical students, and to explore the influence of extracurricular activities on burnout at a medical school in Saudi Arabia. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted with first to fourth year medical students at King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences (KSAU-HS) in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Socio-demographic, burnout level (the Maslach Burnout Inventory-Student Survey, MBI-SS) and participation in extracurricular activities data were collected using a self-administered questionnaire...
April 26, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28417237/assessment-of-satisfaction-based-on-age-and-gender-in-functional-and-aesthetic-rhinoplasty
#17
Sami AlHarethy, Samiah S Al-Angari, Falah Syouri, Tahera Islam, Yong Ju Jang
The aim of this study was to assess patients' satisfaction based on gender and age using the Rhinoplasty Outcomes Evaluation (ROE) post-rhinoplasty from both functional and aesthetic outcomes. The study design was a prospective observational study. A total of 103 patients who underwent Rhinoplasty were prospectively investigated from January 2011 through December 2013 at King Abdulaziz University Hospital in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. The sample included 61 males (59.2%) and 42 females (40.7%). The overall mean age was (25...
April 17, 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28412724/the-quality-of-the-educational-environment-in-a-medical-college-in-saudi-arabia
#18
Abdullah H Altemani, Tarig H Merghani
Objectives: The study aimed to examine the quality of the educational environment in the Faculty of Medicine, University of Tabuk, Saudi Arabia, and to compare between male and female students using the Dundee Ready Educational Environment Measure (DREEM). Methods: We utilized a cross-sectional survey design.  Participants were 221 medical students (96 males and 125 females) from all classes (1st to 6th year). Each participant responded to a translated version of the DREEM questionnaire that measures five domains: students' perception of learning (SPL), students' perception of teachers (SPT), students' academic self-perception (SASP), students' perception of atmosphere (SPA), and students' social self-perception (SSSP)...
April 14, 2017: International Journal of Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28397949/prevalence-of-apical-periodontitis-and-quality-of-root-canal-treatment-in-an-adult-saudi-population
#19
Saad A Al-Nazhan, Suliman A Alsaeed, Hussan A Al-Attas, Abdullah J Dohaithem, Mohamed S Al-Serhan, Nassr S Al-Maflehi
To determine the health status of periradicular tissue and the quality of root canal fillings in an adult Saudi population attending dental clinics for the first time. Methods: This cross sectional study was conducted  in the dental clinics at King Saud University, Riyadh and other dental centers (Jeddah, Najran, and Albaha City), Kingdom of Saudi Arabia between year 2010   and 2012. Good-quality panoramic radiographs of 926 Saudi subjects (540 males and 386 females)were analyzed based on the gender, age, health status, smoking habits, periapical status of the endodontically treated teeth, technical quality of the root canal fillings, and the presence or absence of coronal restoration...
April 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28390556/an-investigation-of-saudi-arabian-mr-radiographers-knowledge-and%C3%A2-confidence-in-relation-to-mr-image-quality-related-errors
#20
W Alsharif, M Davis, A McGee, L Rainford
OBJECTIVE: To investigate MR radiographers' current knowledge base and confidence level in relation to quality-related errors within MR images. METHOD: Thirty-five MR radiographers within 16 MRI departments in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) independently reviewed a prepared set of 25 MR images, naming the error, specifying the error-correction strategy, scoring how confident they were in recognising this error and suggesting a correction strategy by using a scale of 1-100...
May 2017: Radiography
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