keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

leishmania parasites

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635366/redox-biology-of-leishmania-and-macrophage-targeted-nanoparticles-for-therapy
#1
Hafiz Shoaib Sarwar, Sohail Akhtar, Muhammad Farhan Sohail, Zaeema Naveed, Muhammad Rafay, Akhtar Nadhman, Masoom Yasinzai, Gul Shahnaz
Intramacrophage parasite 'Leishmania' has developed various mechanisms for proficient uptake into macrophages and phagosome regulation to avoid macrophage's oxidative burst induced by peroxide, hydroxyl radical, hypochlorous acid and peroxynitrite production. One major barrier for impairing the accession of old fashioned anti-Leishmanial drugs is intrinsic incapability to pass through cell membranes and limiting their abilities to ultimately destroy intracellular pathogens. Receptor-mediated targeted drug delivery to the macrophages by using nanoparticles emerges as promising strategy to improve therapeutic efficacy of old-fashioned drug...
June 21, 2017: Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634775/hydrophilic-acylated-surface-protein-a-haspa-of-leishmania-donovani-expression-purification-and-biophysico-chemical-characterization
#2
Manoj Kumar, Kishu Ranjan, Vijay Singh, Chandramani Pathak, Anju Pappachan, Desh Deepak Singh
Hydrophilic acylated surface proteins (HASPs) are acidic surface proteins which get localized on the surface of Leishmania parasite during infective stages through a "non-classical" pathway. In this study, we report the heterologous expression and purification of Leishmania donovani HASPA (r-LdHASPA) in E. coli system and its partial characterization. The structural aspects of the purified protein were analyzed using CD spectroscopy and modeling studies which indicate that r-LdHASPA consists of random coils...
June 21, 2017: Protein Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28630182/study-of-biodistribution-and-in-vivo-anti-leishmanial-activity-of-a-distigmasterylhemisuccinoyl-glycero-phosphocholine-liposome-intercalated-amphotericin-b
#3
Maryam Iman, Zhaohua Huang, Seyedeh Hoda Alavizadeh, Francis C Szoka, Mahmoud R Jaafari
Distigmasterylhemisuccinoyl-sn-glycero-3- phosphocholine (DSHemsPC) is a new lipid in which two molecules of stigmasterol (an inexpensive plant sterol) are covalently linked via a succinic acid to glycerophosphocholine. Our previous study revealed that a liposome-intercalated Amphotericin B prepared from DSHemsPC (DSHemsPC-Lip-AmB) possess excellent colloidal properties and in vitro antifungal and anti-leishmanial activity similar to AmBisome™. The aim of this study was to determine biodistribution and evaluate the anti-leishmanial effects of DSHemsPC-Lip-AmB in Leishmania major-infected BALB/c mice...
June 19, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629935/a-dicre-recombinase-based-system-for-inducible-expression-in-leishmania-major
#4
Renato E R S Santos, Gabriel L A Silva, Elaine V Santos, Samuel M Duncan, Jeremy C Mottram, Jeziel D Damasceno, Luiz R O Tosi
Here we present the establishment of an inducible system based on the dimerizable Cre recombinase (DiCre) for controlled gene expression in the protozoan parasite Leishmania. Rapamycin-induced DiCre activation promoted efficient flipping and expression of gene products in a time and dose-dependent manner. The DiCre flipping activity induced the expression of target genes from both integrated and episomal contexts broadening the applicability of the system. We validated the system by inducing the expression of both full length and truncated forms of the checkpoint protein Rad9, which revealed that the highly divergent C-terminal domain of Rad9 is necessary for proper subcellular localization...
June 16, 2017: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629934/recent-advances-in-leishmania-reverse-genetics-manipulating-a-manipulative-parasite
#5
REVIEW
Samuel M Duncan, Nathaniel G Jones, Jeremy C Mottram
In this review we describe the expanding repertoire of molecular tools with which to study gene function in Leishmania. Specifically we review the tools available for studying functions of essential genes, such as plasmid shuffle and DiCre, as well as the rapidly expanding portfolio of available CRISPR/Cas9 approaches for large scale gene knockout and endogenous tagging. We include detail on approaches that allow the direct manipulation of RNA using RNAi and protein levels via Tet or DiCre induced overexpression and destabilization domain mediated degradation...
June 16, 2017: Molecular and Biochemical Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629727/antigenicity-of-phage-clones-and-their-synthetic-peptides-for-the-serodiagnosis-of-canine-and-human-visceral-leishmaniasis
#6
Lourena E Costa, Beatriz C S Salles, Thaís T O Santos, Fernanda F Ramos, Mariana P Lima, Mayara I S Lima, Áquila S B Portela, Miguel A Chávez-Fumagalli, Mariana C Duarte, Daniel Menezes-Souza, Ricardo A Machado-de-Ávila, Julia A G Silveira, Danielle F Magalhães-Soares, Luiz Ricardo Goulart, Eduardo A F Coelho
In the Americas, Brazil is responsible by 90% of the cases registered of visceral leishmaniasis (VL), and Leishmania infantum is the most common parasite species responsible by disease in Brazilian dogs and humans. A precise diagnosis may allow to a faster and more effective treatment against the disease, which increases the possibility of cure, as well as to induce less toxic effects, due to a lower time exposition for the chemotherapeutics. In a previous study, two L. infantum mimotopes, B10 and C01 clones, were recognized by antibodies in VL dogs sera by a phage display technology, and were well-successfully evaluated as vaccine candidates against visceral and tegumentary leishmaniasis...
June 16, 2017: Microbial Pathogenesis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629171/cutaneous-manifestations-of-human-and-murine-leishmaniasis
#7
REVIEW
Breanna M Scorza, Edgar M Carvalho, Mary E Wilson
The leishmaniases are diseases caused by pathogenic protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania. Infections are initiated when a sand fly vector inoculates Leishmania parasites into the skin of a mammalian host. Leishmania causes a spectrum of inflammatory cutaneous disease manifestations. The type of cutaneous pathology is determined in part by the infecting Leishmania species, but also by a combination of inflammatory and anti-inflammatory host immune response factors resulting in different clinical outcomes...
June 18, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628627/the-current-status-of-phlebotomine-sand-flies-in-albania-and-incrimination-of-phlebotomus-neglectus-diptera-psychodidae-as-the-main-vector-of-leishmania-infantum
#8
Enkelejda Velo, Gioia Bongiorno, Perparim Kadriaj, Teita Myrseli, James Crilly, Aldin Lika, Kujtim Mersini, Trentina Di Muccio, Silvia Bino, Marina Gramiccia, Luigi Gradoni, Michele Maroli
The incidence of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in Albania is higher than in other countries of southern Europe, however the role of local sand fly species in the transmission of Leishmania infantum was not addressed conclusively. In 2006, a country-wide collection of sand flies performed in 14 sites selected based on recent occurrence of VL cases showed that Phlebotomus neglectus was by far the most prevalent species (95.6%). Furthermore, 15% of pools made from 422 P. neglectus females tested positive for Leishmania sp...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626451/dependency-of-b-1-cells-in-the-maintenance-of-splenic-interleukin-10-producing-cells-and-impairment-of-macrophage-resistance-in-visceral-leishmaniasis
#9
Angélica Fernandes Arcanjo, Dirlei Nico, Gabriellen Menezes Migliani de Castro, Yasmin da Silva Fontes, Paula Saltarelli, Debora Decote-Ricardo, Marise P Nunes, Antônio Ferreira-Pereira, Clarisa B Palatnik-de-Sousa, Célio G Freire-de-Lima, Alexandre Morrot
Visceral leishmaniasis is a neglected disease caused by Leishmania protozoa parasites transmitted by infected sand fly vectors. This disease represents the second in mortality among tropical infections and is associated to a profound immunosuppression state of the host. The hallmark of this infection-induced host immunodeviation is the characteristic high levels of the regulatory interleukin-10 (IL-10) cytokine. In the present study, we investigated the role of B-1 cells in the maintenance of splenic IL-10 levels that could interfere with resistance to parasite infection...
2017: Frontiers in Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28623350/multiplexed-spliced-leader-sequencing-a-high-throughput-selective-method-for-rna-seq-in-trypanosomatids
#10
Bart Cuypers, Malgorzata A Domagalska, Pieter Meysman, Géraldine de Muylder, Manu Vanaerschot, Hideo Imamura, Franck Dumetz, Thomas Wolf Verdonckt, Peter J Myler, Gowthaman Ramasamy, Kris Laukens, Jean-Claude Dujardin
High throughput sequencing techniques are poorly adapted for in vivo studies of parasites, which require prior in vitro culturing and purification. Trypanosomatids, a group of kinetoplastid protozoans, possess a distinctive feature in their transcriptional mechanism whereby a specific Spliced Leader (SL) sequence is added to the 5'end of each mRNA by trans-splicing. This allows to discriminate Trypansomatid RNA from mammalian RNA and forms the basis of our new multiplexed protocol for high-throughput, selective RNA-sequencing called SL-seq...
June 16, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622334/sterol-14%C3%AE-demethylase-mutation-leads-to-amphotericin-b-resistance-in-leishmania-mexicana
#11
Roy Mwenechanya, Julie Kovářová, Nicholas J Dickens, Mudaliar Manikhandan, Pawel Herzyk, Isabel M Vincent, Stefan K Weidt, Karl E Burgess, Richard J S Burchmore, Andrew W Pountain, Terry K Smith, Darren J Creek, Dong-Hyun Kim, Galina I Lepesheva, Michael P Barrett
Amphotericin B has emerged as the therapy of choice for use against the leishmaniases. Administration of the drug in its liposomal formulation as a single injection is being promoted in a campaign to bring the leishmaniases under control. Understanding the risks and mechanisms of resistance is therefore of great importance. Here we select amphotericin B-resistant Leishmania mexicana parasites with relative ease. Metabolomic analysis demonstrated that ergosterol, the sterol known to bind the drug, is prevalent in wild-type cells, but diminished in the resistant line, where alternative sterols become prevalent...
June 16, 2017: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615844/the-antileishmanial-effects-of-lowsonia-inermis-and-cedrus-libani-on-leishmania-major-promastigotes-an-in-vitro-study
#12
Mohammad Hossein Motazedian, Fattaneh Mikaeili, Mehdi Mohebali, Ramin Miri, Parvaneh Habibi, Sakineh Kamarloie
Leishmaniasis is a parasitic disease caused by different species of protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Leishmania. In this study, Leishmania major (MRHO/IR/75/ER) promastigotes were cultured at 23-25 °C in brain heart infusion (BHI) medium supplemented with 10 % heat-inactivated fetal bovine serum (FBS) and penicillin and streptomycin. Antileishmanial effects of Lowsonia inermis and Cedrus libani methanolic extracts (0.07, 0.15, 0.31, 0.62, 1.25, 2.5, 5, 10 mg/mL) on Leishmania major promastigotes were evaluated using the MTT (3-(4,5-Dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) assay...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615836/molecular-identification-of-an-old-clinical-isolate-of-indian-kala-azar
#13
Madhumita Manna, Supriya Khanra
Molecular characterization is an important task for species identification of the isolates belonging to different Leishmania species. Clinical symptoms, tissue tropism, vector preference, reservoir and geographical distribution may act as distinguishing parameters but not always decisive. On the other hand, modern taxonomic tools employed to divulge characteristics of the genome or protein molecules of the parasite would be convincing and for Leishmania sp., they include nuclear and kDNA buoyant density, multi locus enzyme electrophoresis (MLEE), RAPD, RFLP or use of monoclonal antibodies etc...
June 2017: Journal of Parasitic Diseases: Official Organ of the Indian Society for Parasitology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608214/use-of-zymography-in-trypanosomiasis-studies
#14
Jéssyka Fernanda Santiago Monte, Cláudia Jassica Gonçalves Moreno, Joana Patrícia Molato Figueiredo Lopes Monteiro, Hugo Alexandre de Oliveira Rocha, Aline Rimoldi Ribeiro, Marcelo Sousa Silva
Zymography assay is a semiquantitative technique, very sensitive, and commonly used to determine metalloproteinase levels in different types of biological samples, including tissues, cells, and extracts of protein. Samples containing metalloproteinases are loaded onto a polyacrylamide gel containing sodium dodecyl sulphate (SDS) and a specific substrate (gelatin, casein, collagen, etc.). Then proteins are allowed to migrate under an electric current and the distance of migration is inversely correlated with the molecular weight...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607148/autophagy-downstream-of-endosomal-toll-like-receptors-signaling-in-macrophages-is-a-key-mechanism-for-resistance-to-leishmania-major-infection
#15
Luis H Franco, Anna K A Fleuri, Nat Aacutelia C Pellison, Gustavo F S Quirino, Catarina V Horta, Renan V H de Carvalho, Sérgio C Oliveira, Dario S Zamboni
Leishmaniasis is caused by protozoan parasites of the genus Leishmania. In mammalians, these parasites survive and replicate in macrophages and parasite elimination by macrophages is critical for host resistance. Endosomal Toll-like receptors (TLRs) have been shown to be crucial for resistance to L. major in vivo. For example, mice in the resistant C57BL/6 genetic background that are triple-deficient for TLR3, -7 and -9 (Tlr3/7/9-/-) are highly susceptible to L. major infection. Tlr3/7/9-/- mice are as susceptible as mice deficient in MyD88 or UNC93B1, a chaperone required for appropriate localization of endosomal TLRs, but the mechanisms are unknown...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Biological Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607026/efficacy-of-a-paromomycin-plus-chloroquine-combination-therapy-in-experimental-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#16
Gert-Jan Wijnant, Katrien Van Bocxlaer, Vanessa Yardley, Sudaxshina Murdan, Simon Croft
The 4-aminoquinoline chloroquine (CQ) is clinically used in combination with doxycycline to cure chronic Q-fever, as it enhances the activity of the antibiotic against the causative Coxiella burnetii bacteria residing within macrophage phagolysosomes. As there is a similar cellular host-pathogen biology for Leishmania parasites, this study aimed to determine whether such an approach could be also the basis for a new, improved treatment for cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). We have evaluated the in vitro and in vivo activity of combinations of CQ with standard drugs paromomycin (PM), miltefosine and amphotericin B against Leishmania major and Leishmania mexicana In 72-hour intracellular anti-leishmanial assays, outcomes were variable for different drugs...
June 12, 2017: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606413/leishmania-donovani-infection-activates-tlr-2-4-expressions-and-tgf-%C3%AE-mediated-apoptosis-in-renal-tissues
#17
Vinod Kumar, Neeraj Tiwari, Mallikarjun Rao Gedda, Rizwanul Haque, Rakesh K Singh
The present study was aimed to identify the underlying mechanisms of improper renal function in Leishmania donovani infection that causes VL. Mice (BALB/c) were infected with L. donovani and different parameters for proteinuria were assessed. The levels of superoxide anion (O2(-)), hydrogen peroxide (H2O2), lipid peroxidation (MDA), inflammatory cytokines, and toll-like receptor (TLR) 2 and 4 expression were found significantly elevated at 60th day in these animals and declined at 90th day post infection. However, TGF-β and caspase 3 activities were higher at 90th day in comparison to 60th day post infection...
June 9, 2017: Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602279/an-elisa-immunoassay-employing-a-conserved-leishmania-hypothetical-protein-for-the-serodiagnosis-of-visceral-and-tegumentary-leishmaniasis-in-dogs-and-humans
#18
Ana Maria R S Carvalho, Lourena E Costa, Beatriz C S Salles, Thaís T O Santos, Fernanda F Ramos, Mariana P Lima, Miguel A Chávez-Fumagalli, Bruna T Silvestre, Áquila S B Portela, Bruno M Roatt, Julia A G Silveira, Denise U Gonçalves, Danielle F Magalhães-Soares, Mariana C Duarte, Daniel Menezes-Souza, Eduardo A F Coelho
In the present study, a conserved Leishmania hypothetical protein, namely LiHypA, was evaluated for the serodiagnosis of visceral and tegumentary leishmaniasis in dogs and humans. This protein showed a high amino acid sequence homology between viscerotropic and cutaneotropic Leishmania species. An enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) was developed using the recombinant antigen (rLiHypA), in addition to the A2 protein and two parasite antigenic preparations, which were used as controls. Regarding human diagnosis, results showed that rLiHypA was more sensitive and specific than ELISA-L...
June 8, 2017: Cellular Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600554/seroconversion-to-lutzomyia-intermedia-linb-13-as-a-biomarker-for-developing-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#19
Augusto M Carvalho, Kiyoshi F Fukutani, Rohit Sharma, Rebecca P Curvelo, José Carlos Miranda, Aldina Barral, Edgar M Carvalho, Jesus G Valenzuela, Fabiano Oliveira, Camila I de Oliveira
Sand flies inject saliva while feeding in the vertebrate host and anti-saliva antibodies can be used as biomarkers of exposure to Leishmania vectors. We expressed recombinant salivary proteins from Lutzomyia intermedia, a vector of Leishmania braziliensis, and evaluated the seroreactivity in exposed individuals in search for exposure markers. We found a strong correlation among positive serology to recombinant proteins LinB-13, 26, 15, 21 and to salivary proteins: rLinB-13 was the top performing molecule; IgG4 was the most predominant antibody subclass and antibodies to rLinB-13 did not cross react with Lu...
June 9, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597089/vosalophen-a-vanadium-complex-with-a-stilbene-derivative-induction-of-apoptosis-autophagy-and-efficiency-in-experimental-cutaneous-leishmaniasis
#20
Patrícia de A Machado, Jessica O F Morais, Gustavo S G Carvalho, Wallace P Lima, Gilson C Macedo, Elizandra A Britta, Celso V Nakamura, Adilson D da Silva, Alexandre Cuin, Elaine S Coimbra
In our previous work, we demonstrated the promising in vitro effect of VOSalophen, a vanadium complex with a stilbene derivative, against Leishmania amazonensis. Its antileishmanial activity has been associated with oxidative stress in L. amazonensis promastigotes and L. amazonensis-infected macrophages. In the present study, the mechanism involved in the death of parasites after treatment with VOSalophen, as well as in vivo effect in the murine model cutaneous leishmaniasis, has been investigated. Promastigotes of L...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Biological Inorganic Chemistry: JBIC
keyword
keyword
112676
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"