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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143539/psychiatric-care-of-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder-what-do-their-siblings-think-about-it-a-qualitative-study
#1
Jordan Sibeoni, Louise Chambon, Noel Pommepuy, Clementine Rappaport, Anne Revah-Levy
The expectations and role of families in the care of children with autism spectrum disorder are increasingly important. Nonetheless, no study has thus far explored the perspectives of siblings about the care received by a brother or sister with this disorder. The objective of this study was to fill this gap in the literature. This multicentre qualitative study took place in France, where we conducted semi-structured interviews with adolescents who were older siblings of children receiving care in a day hospital for an autism spectrum disorder...
November 1, 2017: Autism: the International Journal of Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142958/diagnostic-performance-of-a-saliva-urea-nitrogen-dipstick-to-detect-kidney-disease-in-malawi
#2
Rhys Evans, Viviane Calice-Silva, Jochen G Raimann, Ulla Hemmila, Alison Craik, Mwayi Mtekateka, Fergus Hamilton, Zuze Kawale, Hamish Dobbie, Gavin Dreyer, Nathan Levin, Peter Kotanko, Roberto Pecoits-Filho
Introduction: Kidney disease (KD), including acute kidney injury, is common, severe and leads to significant mortality in the developing world. However, simple tools to facilitate diagnosis and guide treatment are lacking. We studied the diagnostic performance of saliva urea nitrogen (SUN) measured by dipstick to diagnose KD in a low-resource setting. Methods: Medical admissions to a tertiary hospital in Malawi had serum creatinine tested at presentation; SUN was measured using a dipstick...
March 2017: KI Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142540/clinical-audit-of-dengue-related-deaths-in-2011-mayo-hospital-lahore-pakistan
#3
Somia Iqtadar, Nabeel Akbar, Mehreen Mehmood, Sajid Abaidullah
Background and Objective: Dengue infection has evolved into an epidemic during last few years in Pakistan and has been associated with poor outcomes. Literature with respect to mortality risk factors in Dengue infection is not sufficient. This compelled us to conduct this study to find out major contributory factors to death in patients with dengue viral infection at one of Asia's ancient hospital setting with an aim to recognize complications at earliest and improve case management in future...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137556/all-cause-30-day-readmissions-among-persons-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-and-mental-illness
#4
Robert Balogh, Elizabeth Lin, Kristin Dobranowski, Avra Selick, Andrew S Wilton, Yona Lunsky
OBJECTIVE: Early hospital readmissions within 30 days of discharge are common and costly. This research describes predictors of all-cause, 30-day hospital readmissions among persons with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD), a group known to experience high rates of hospitalization. METHODS: A cohort of 66,484 adults with IDD from Ontario, Canada, was used to create two subgroups: individuals with IDD only and those with IDD and mental illness. The rates of hospital readmission were determined and contrasted with a comparison subgroup of people without IDD who have mental illness...
November 15, 2017: Psychiatric Services: a Journal of the American Psychiatric Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134557/advancing-care-within-an-adult-mental-health-day-hospital-program-re-design-and-evaluation
#5
Marlene Taube-Schiff, Adrienne Mehak, Sandy Marangos, Anastasia Kalim, Thomas Ungar
Day hospital mental health programs provide alternate care to individuals of high acuity that do not require an inpatient psychiatric stay. Ensuring provision of best practice within these programs is essential for patient stabilization and recovery. However, there is scant literature to review when creating such a program. This paper provides an overview of the steps an acute care hospital took when designing and implementing new programming within a day hospital program. Qualitative data was collected following initial program rollout...
November 13, 2017: Journal of Behavioral Health Services & Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132369/impact-of-pharmacist-led-medication-management-in-care-transitions
#6
Seungwon Yang
BACKGROUND: When patients are discharged from hospital to home, it is a highlighted vulnerable period for which medication - related problems are prevalent. Researchers have proposed a telephone follow-up intervention as a means to reduce hospital readmissions. However, the outcome of the intervention with the engagement of pharmacists in managing patients' medicines after discharge has not been well explored. The objectives of this study were (1) to determine whether a pharmacist telephone follow-up intervention focusing on patients' medicines management support is associated with a reduction in 30-day readmission rates and (2) to describe the number and types of pharmacist interventions in care transitions...
November 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125432/association-between-baseline-cognitive-impairment-and-postoperative-delirium-in-elderly-patients-undergoing-surgery-for-adult-spinal-deformity
#7
Owoicho Adogwa, Aladine A Elsamadicy, Victoria D Vuong, Jared Fialkoff, Joseph Cheng, Isaac O Karikari, Carlos A Bagley
OBJECTIVE Postoperative delirium is common in elderly patients undergoing spine surgery and is associated with a longer and more costly hospital course, functional decline, postoperative institutionalization, and higher likelihood of death within 6 months of discharge. Preoperative cognitive impairment may be a risk factor for the development of postoperative delirium. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between baseline cognitive impairment and postoperative delirium in geriatric patients undergoing surgery for degenerative scoliosis...
November 10, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124952/current-management-and-treatment-of-patients-with-stable-coronary-artery-diseases-presenting-to-cardiologists-in-different-clinical-contexts-a-prospective-observational-nationwide-study
#8
Leonardo De Luca, Pier Luigi Temporelli, Donata Lucci, Lucio Gonzini, Carmine Riccio, Furio Colivicchi, Giovanna Geraci, Dario Formigli, Patrizia Maras, Colomba Falcone, Andrea Di Lenarda, Michele Massimo Gulizia
Background Stable coronary artery disease (CAD) is a leading cause of mortality worldwide. Few studies document the complete sequence of investigation of the overall stable CAD population during outpatient visits or hospitalisation. Aim To obtain accurate and up-to-date information on current management of patients with stable CAD. Methods START (STable coronary Artery diseases RegisTry) was a prospective, observational, nationwide study aimed at evaluating the presentation, management, treatment and quality of life of stable CAD patients presenting to cardiologists during outpatient visits or discharged from cardiology wards...
January 1, 2017: European Journal of Preventive Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29124127/effectiveness-of-tc-325-hemospray-for-treatment-of-diffuse-or-refractory-upper-gastrointestinal-bleeding-a-single-center-experience
#9
Oscar Cahyadi, Markus Bauder, Benjamin Meier, Karel Caca, Arthur Schmidt
Background and study aims:  TC-325 (Hemospray, Cook Medical) is a powder agent for endoscopic hemostasis in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB). Although most publications are based on case-reports and retrospective studies, data on efficacy are promising. Here we report our experience with TC-325 for diffuse or refractory UGIB. Patients and methods:  Data on patients receiving TC-325 for endoscopic hemostasis from November 2013 to February 2017 at our center were analyzed retrospectively...
November 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29121289/association-between-intraoperative-non-depolarising-neuromuscular-blocking-agent-dose-and-30-day-readmission-after-abdominal-surgery
#10
T Thevathasan, S L Shih, K C Safavi, D L Berger, S M Burns, S D Grabitz, R S Glidden, R D Zafonte, M Eikermann, J C Schneider
Background: We hypothesised that intraoperative non-depolarising neuromuscular blocking agent (NMBA) dose is associated with 30-day hospital readmission. Methods: Data from 13,122 adult patients who underwent abdominal surgery under general anaesthesia at a tertiary care hospital were analysed by multivariable regression, to examine the effects of intraoperatively administered NMBA dose on 30-day readmission (primary endpoint), hospital length of stay, and hospital costs...
October 1, 2017: British Journal of Anaesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29097094/a-community-pharmacist-led-service-to-facilitate-care-transitions-and-reduce-hospital-readmissions
#11
Joshua D Feldman, Rachel I Otting, Craig M Otting, Matthew J Witry
OBJECTIVES: To assess the impact of a community pharmacist-delivered care transition intervention on 30-day hospital readmissions. SETTING: A single private 263-bed hospital in the Midwest United States and 12 partnering community pharmacies, 1 serving as primary pharmacy. PRACTICE INNOVATION: Adult general medicine inpatients were evaluated by nursing staff with the use of a worksheet based on the Better Outcomes by Optimizing Safe Transitions (BOOST) readmission risk toolkit...
October 30, 2017: Journal of the American Pharmacists Association: JAPhA
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29092871/heart-transplant-outcomes-in-patients-with-pretransplant-diabetes-mellitus
#12
Anne Jalowiec, Kathleen L Grady, Connie White-Williams
BACKGROUND: Findings on outcomes of heart transplant patients who had diabetes mellitus before transplant are conflicting. OBJECTIVE: To compare survival, hospitalization, and complications in heart transplant recipients during the first 3 years after surgery in recipients with or without diabetes mellitus before transplant. METHODS: Of 347 recipients, 64 were diabetic (35.9% taking insulin; mean age 56 years; 17.2% females; 12.5% minorities) and 283 were not (mean age 51 years; 20...
November 2017: American Journal of Critical Care: An Official Publication, American Association of Critical-Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29090245/do-lumen-apposing-metal-stents-lams-improve-treatment-outcomes-of-walled-off-pancreatic-necrosis-over-plastic-stents-using-dual-modality-drainage
#13
Nadav Sahar, Richard Kozarek, Zaheer S Kanji, Andrew S Ross, Michael Gluck, S Ian Gan, Michael Larsen, Shayan Irani
BACKGROUND AND STUDY AIMS : Endoscopic ultrasound-guided drainage of symptomatic walled-off pancreatic necrosis (WON) usually has been performed with double pigtail plastic stents (DPS) and more recently, with lumen-apposing metal stents (LAMS). However, LAMS are significantly more expensive and there are no comparative studies with DPS. Accordingly, we compared our experience with combined endoscopic and percutaneous drainage (dual-modality drainage [DMD]) for symptomatic WON using LAMS versus DPS...
November 2017: Endoscopy International Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29079010/-impact-of-medium-term-outcomes-of-inappropriate-prescribing-in-older-patients-discharged-from-a-short-stay-unit
#14
Elena Rodríguez Del Río, Javier Perdigones, Manuel Fuentes Ferrer, Juan González Del Castillo, Juan González Armengol, M Isabel Borrego Hernando, M Lourdes Arias Fernández, Francisco Javier Martín-Sánchez
OBJECTIVE: To study the association between the potential inappropriate prescriptions (PIP) and the 30 and 180-day adverse event rate after discharge from a Short Stay Unit (SSU). METHODOLOGY: A retrospective cohort observational study was conducted on patients aged ≥75years discharged from an SSU from February to April, 2014. STOPP-START criteria version2 was used. The main outcome was 30 and 180-day adverse event rate after being discharged. RESULTS: A total of 179 patients, with a mean age of 84 (SD5) years were included...
October 24, 2017: Atencion Primaria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29078707/continuous-care-provided-through-comprehensive-medication-management-in-an-acute-care-practice-model
#15
T David Marr, Nicole R Pinelli, Jamie A Jarmul, Kayla M Waldron, Stephen F Eckel, Jonathan D Cicci, Jill S Bates, Lindsey B Amerine
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy practice models that foster pharmacists' accountability for medication-related outcomes are imperative for the profession. Comprehensive medication management (CMM) is an opportunity to advance patient care. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the impact of a CMM practice model in the acute care setting on organizational, patient, and financial outcomes. METHODS: Three adult service lines focused on at-risk patients identified using internal risk stratification methodology were implemented...
October 1, 2017: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077565/-risk-factors-for-atherosclerosis-in-obese-children-aged-6-12-years
#16
Alicja Karney, Hanna Brągoszewska, Leszek Soluch, Mariusz Ołtarzewski
Obesity in children causes metabolic and structural changes in blood vessels which lead to the development of cardiovascular diseases and type 2 diabetes. AIM: The aim of the study was to assess the risk factors for atherosclerosis in obese children studied in the One-Day Hospitalization Department of the Institute of Mother and Child. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 75 children aged 6-12 years (36 boys, 39 girls) with aBMI>97th percentile. The control group consisted of 36 children aged 5-10 years (18 boys, 18 girls) with a BMI of 75-90...
2017: Developmental Period Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069119/do-combined-pharmacist-and-prescriber-efforts-on-medication-reconciliation-reduce-postdischarge-patient-emergency-department-visits-and-hospital-readmissions
#17
Michelle Baker, Chaim M Bell, Wei Xiong, Edward Etchells, Peter G Rossos, Kaveh G Shojania, Kelly Lane, Tim Tripp, Mary Lam, Kimindra Tiwana, Derek Leong, Gary Wong, Jin-Hyeun Huh Huh, Emily Musing, Olavo Fernandes
BACKGROUND: Although medication reconciliation (Med Rec) has demonstrated a reduction in potential adverse drug events, its effect on hospital readmissions remains inconclusive. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the impact of an interprofessional Med Rec bundle from admission to discharge on patient emergency department visits and hospital readmissions (hospital visits). METHODS: The design was a retrospective, cohort study. Patients discharged from general internal medicine over a 57-month interval were identified through administrative databases...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29069115/the-enhanced-care-program-impact-of-a-care-transition-program-on-30-day-hospital-readmissions-for-patients-discharged-from-an-acute-care-facility-to-skilled-nursing-facilities
#18
Bradley T Rosen, Ronald J Halbert, Kelley Hart, Marcio A Diniz, Sharon Isonaka, Jeanne T Black
BACKGROUND: Increased acuity of skilled nursing facility (SNF) patients challenges the current system of care for these patients. OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the impact on 30-day readmissions of a program designed to enhance the care of patients discharged from an acute care facility to SNFs. DESIGN: An observational, retrospective cohort analysis of 30-day hospital readmissions for patients discharged to 8 SNFs between January 1, 2014, and June 30, 2015...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29067149/the-impact-of-rifaximin-%C3%AE-on-the-hospital-resource-use-associated-with-the-management-of-patients-with-hepatic-encephalopathy-a-retrospective-observational-study-impress
#19
Mark Hudson, Amr Radwan, Paola Di Maggio, Riccardo Cipelli, Stephen D Ryder, John F Dillon, William Jonathan Cash, Robert T Przemioslo, Mark Wright, Debbie L Shawcross, Rajiv Jalan, Sushma Saksena, Michael Allison, Paul Richardson, Elizabeth Farrington, Richard J Aspinall
OBJECTIVE: To compare all-cause and liver-related hospital resource use in the 6 and 12 months pre-rifaximin-α and post-rifaximin-α initiation in UK patients with hepatic encephalopathy (HE). DESIGN: A UK multicentre, retrospective, observational study. Patients' medical records were reviewed for demographics, clinical outcomes and adverse events (AEs) to rifaximin-α. Details of hospital admissions/attendances in the 6 and 12 months pre-rifaximin-α and post-rifaximin-α initiation were extracted from hospital electronic databases...
October 2017: Frontline Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29065064/a-multiyear-assessment-of-a-hospital-school-program-to-promote-teen-motor-vehicle-safety
#20
Purnima Unni, Cristina M Estrada, Dai H Chung, Emily B Riley, Lesley Worsley-Hynd, Neil Stinson
BACKGROUND: Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death among teen drivers. The main goal of this program was to reduce texting while driving among high school teens through a unique peer-generated anti-texting campaign. METHODS: The program consisted of two phases. In phase 1, student leaders participated in a half-day, hospital-based experiential program that emphasized safe teen driving. In phase 2, these students conceptualized and implemented an anti-texting while driving campaign during the school year...
November 2017: Journal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
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