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Dickkopf AND Balding

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26734010/dickkopf-3-contributes-to-the-regulation-of-anti-tumor-immune-responses-by-mesenchymal-stem-cells
#1
Kun-Hui Lu, Amel Tounsi, Naveen Shridhar, Günter Küblbeck, Alexandra Klevenz, Sandra Prokosch, Tobias Bald, Thomas Tüting, Bernd Arnold
Mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) are known to limit immune responses in vivo by multiple soluble factors. Dickkopf-3 (DKK3), a secreted glycoprotein, has recently been identified as a novel immune modulator. Since DKK3 has been reported to be produced by MSCs, we investigated whether DKK3 contributes to the immune suppression of anti-tumor responses by MSCs. Whereas wild-type MSCs inhibited immune responses against two different transplantation tumors, DKK3-deficient MSCs did not affect the rejection process. Increased CD8(+) T cell and reduced M2-type macrophages infiltration was observed in tumors inoculated together with DKK3-deficient MSCs...
2015: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26222765/assessment-of-tissue-levels-of-dickkopf-1-in-androgenetic-alopecia-and-alopecia-areata
#2
Marwa M T Fawzi, Sara B Mahmoud, Olfat G Shaker, Marwah A Saleh
BACKGROUND: Androgenetic alopecia (AGA) is the commonest form of hair loss in men. Alopecia areata (AA) is an organ-specific autoimmune disease. Studies revealed that Dickkopf 1 (DKK-1), a powerful suppressor of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway, induced anagen-to-catagen transition in mice. Moreover, in vitro studies suggested that DKK-1 played a role in dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-induced balding. AIM: To evaluate the tissue levels of DKK-1 in patients with AGA and AA, to assess its possible role as a pathogenetic mechanism in both disorders...
March 2016: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/25835957/self-antigen-presentation-by-keratinocytes-in-the-inflamed-adult-skin-modulates-t-cell-auto-reactivity
#3
Michael Meister, Amel Tounsi, Evelyn Gaffal, Tobias Bald, Maria Papatriantafyllou, Julia Ludwig, Georg Pougialis, Felix Bestvater, Luisa Klotz, Gerhard Moldenhauer, Thomas Tüting, Günter J Hämmerling, Bernd Arnold, Thilo Oelert
Keratinocytes have a pivotal role in the regulation of immune responses, but the impact of antigen presentation by these cells is still poorly understood, particularly in a situation where the antigen will be presented only in adult life. Here, we generated a transgenic mouse model in which keratinocytes exclusively present a myelin basic protein (MBP) peptide covalently linked to the major histocompatibility complex class II β-chain, solely under inflammatory conditions. In these mice, inflammation caused by epicutaneous contact sensitizer treatment resulted in keratinocyte-mediated expansion of MBP-specific CD4(+) T cells in the skin...
August 2015: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/22358062/dickkopf-1-promotes-regression-of-hair-follicles
#4
Mi H Kwack, Moon K Kim, Jung C Kim, Young K Sung
Recently, we suggested that Dickkopf 1 (DKK-1) is a pathogenic mediator involved in male pattern baldness. As premature catagen onset is a key characteristic of male pattern baldness, in this study, we evaluated whether DKK-1 has a role as a catagen inducer in hair cycling. Herein, we report that recombinant human DKK-1 (rhDKK-1) injection into the hypodermis of mice during anagen caused premature onset of catagen, whereas neutralizing DKK-1 antibody delayed anagen-to-catagen transition in mice. Moreover, treatment with rhDKK-1 led to a decrease in final hair follicle length, whereas DKK-1 antibody led to an increase compared with control animals...
June 2012: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21034532/preventable-effect-of-l-threonate-an-ascorbate-metabolite-on-androgen-driven-balding-via-repression-of-dihydrotestosterone-induced-dickkopf-1-expression-in-human-hair-dermal-papilla-cells
#5
Mi Hee Kwack, Ji Sup Ahn, Moon Kyu Kim, Jung Chul Kim, Young Kwan Sung
In a previous study, we recently claimed that dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-inducible dickkopf-1 (DKK-1) expression is one of the key factors involved in androgen-potentiated balding. We also demonstrated that L-ascorbic acid 2-phosphate (Asc 2-P) represses DHT-induced DKK-1 expression in cultured dermal papilla cells (DPCs). Here, we investigated whether or not L-threonate could attenuate DHT-induced DKK-1 expression. We observed via RT-PCR analysis and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay that DHT-induced DKK-1 expression was attenuated in the presence of L-threonate...
October 2010: BMB Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17657240/dihydrotestosterone-inducible-dickkopf-1-from-balding-dermal-papilla-cells-causes-apoptosis-in-follicular-keratinocytes
#6
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Mi Hee Kwack, Young Kwan Sung, Eun Jung Chung, Sang Uk Im, Ji Seop Ahn, Moon Kyu Kim, Jung Chul Kim
Recent studies suggest that androgen-driven alteration to the autocrine and paracrine factors produced by scalp dermal papilla (DP) cells may be a key to androgen-potentiated balding. Here, we screened dihydrotestosterone (DHT)-regulated genes in balding DP cells and found that dickkopf 1 (DKK-1) is one of the most upregulated genes. DKK-1 messenger RNA is upregulated in 3-6 hours after 50-100 nM DHT treatment and ELISA showed that DKK-1 is secreted from DP cells in response to DHT. A co-culture system using outer root sheath (ORS) keratinocytes and DP cells showed that DHT inhibits the growth of ORS cells, and neutralizing antibody against DKK-1 significantly reversed the growth inhibition of ORS cells...
February 2008: Journal of Investigative Dermatology
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