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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783266/multiorgan-failure-syndrome-in-newborns-role-of-social-and-anatomico-functional-features-literature-review
#1
Dmytro A Skurupii, Evgeniy G Sonnyk, Vitaliy M Sizonenko
Protection of maternal health as well as protection of fetal and newborn health is a strategic objective in all countries. It ensures the formation of healthy generation as the basis of gene pool preservation and further development of the nation. It is known that the progress of critical conditions in newborns is different from classical concepts. Аnatomicofunctional features of the newborns (especially premature newborns), the effect of prenatal pathological factors are provocative and background factors of the multiorgan failure syndrome begining in these patients, which probably affects frequency of appearance of this syndrome, the mechanisms of development, clinical manifestations, the final of the disease and makes doctors to consider newborns in critical conditions as high-risk group for multiorgan failure syndrome appearance...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783261/epidemiology-of-acute-myocardial-infarction-in-ukraine-and-poltava-region
#2
Viacheslav M Zhdan, Grigory А Oksak, Oleh V Radomskyi, Denis I Shaposhnikov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The number of elderly people in society is increasing. Alike in all European countries, ageing population in Ukraine is observed, which affects the structure and dynamics of morbidity and mortality of the population towards the increase of chronic non-communicable diseases, which is the epidemic of the 21st century civilization. In 2010 in Ukraine, the proportion of people over the age of 60 was 20.6% of the total. The prevalence of all diseases among the elderly in 2010 amounted to 283522,8, and among the general population - 186746,4...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783260/-methods-of-diagnosis-of-non-specific-and-specific-lymphideniates-of-the-jaw-facial-part-in-children-literature-review
#3
Pavlo I Tkachenko, Yurii B Lobach, Sergii O Bilokon, Vitalina O Dobroskok, Yuliia V Popelo
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Insufficient basic knowledge on the mechanisms of the multifactoral etiology and pathogenesis of various forms of maxillofacial lymphadenitis of odontogenic and non-odontogenic nature in children causes difficulties in making differential diagnosis. The algorithm of their examination involves a large number of methods, each of which has its own advantages and disadvantages with variable informativeness, depending on the particular situation. The aim: The paper is aimed atfamiliarization of broad medical public with informativeness of diagnostic measures in the nonspecific and specific affection of lymph nodes of the maxillofacial area in children...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783244/some-features-of-the-behavior-of-alcohol-dependent-persons
#4
Ihor М Karpinets, Oksana V Marusyn
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Alcoholism is characterized by psychological dependence and changes in human behavior, which affects the person's relationship with the social environment. The aim: to determine the behavior of alcohol dependent persons basing on the retrospective study. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: On the basis of narcological offices of healthcare establishments and narcological clinic in Ivano-Frankivsk oblast, 552 people being in follow-up by a narcologist as addicted or abused have been examined for a specially developed extended program based on a standardized AUDIT screening test...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783242/specific-nature-of-changes-in-main-immunohistochemical-parameters-of-neoangiogenesis-in-patients-with-psoriasis
#5
Iryna Ya Voznyak, Оrysya О Syzon, Marianna O Dashko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Psoriasis is a skin disease that is accompanied by systemic inflammation and affects about 1 to 5% of the population worldwide. Taking into consideration the data of scientific investigation, at present psoriasis is explained as genetically determined chronic multi factor polysystemic dermatosis. The aim of our research was to determine morphological peculiarities of skin lesions in patients with common psoriasis, investigation of the levels of expression of immunohistochemical markers of vascularization, depending on psoriasis form and severity of the course of pathological processes...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783240/-effect-of-preventive-treatment-on-cognitive-performance-in-patients-with-multiple-sclerosis
#6
Maria S Shorobura
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: cognitive, emotional and psychopathological changes play a significant role in the clinical picture of multiple sclerosis and influence the effectiveness of drug therapy, working capacity, quality of life, and the process of rehabilitation of patients with multiple sclerosis. The aim: investigate the changes in cognitive function in patients with multiple sclerosis, such as information processing speed and working memory of patients before and after treatment with immunomodulating drug...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783239/studying-the-skills-attitudes-on-factors-affecting-dental-health-of-children
#7
Iryna A Holovanova, Natalia A Lyakhova, Olga V Sheshukova, Valentina P Trufanova, Sofia S Bauman, Alevtina N Bilous, Oleg N Nesterenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Nowadays, the high level of dental morbidity among children is an urgent medical problem. Healthy lifestyles and sanitary-hygienic upbringing in the family is most important components of the formation of dental health of children. But in order to be able to teach their children, parents need to be themselves knowledgeable about hygiene and prevention, have the necessary skills and desire to instill it in their children. The aim: The aim of our study was to assess the level of awareness of schoolchildren parents about the factors affecting the dental health of their children according to the questionnaire...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783229/-morphological-characteristics-of-kidneys-connective-tissue-of-mature-fetuses-and-newborns-from-mothers-whose-pregnancy-was-complicated-by-preeclampsia-of-varying-degrees-of-severity
#8
Iryna V Sorokina, Mykhailo S Myroshnychenko, Nataliia V Kapustnyk, Tetyana O Khramova, Oksana V Dehtiarova, Svitlana I Danylchenko
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The kidneys connective tissue condition in the antenatal period affects the formation of tissues and it changes with the development of various general pathological processes in this organ. The aim of the study was to identify the morphological features of kidneys connective tissue of fetuses and newborns from mothers whose pregnancy was complicated by preeclampsia of varying degrees of severity. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: The material of the study was the tissue of kidneys of mature fetuses and newborns from mothers with physiological pregnancy (28 cases), as well as from mothers whose pregnancy was complicated by preeclampsia of varying degrees of severity (78 cases)...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783224/influence-of-risk-factors-on-insulin-resistance-in-patients-with-overweight-and-obesity
#9
Tetiana Maksymets, Natalia Karpyshyn, Taras Gutor, Helen Sklyarova, Eugen Sklyarov
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Obesity is a multifactorial, heterogenic disease, associated with an increased risk of morbidity and mortality due to cardiovascular diseases, diabetes, cancer, chronic liver and kidney diseases. Excessive body weight and obesity are serious medical and social problems, since their incidence is constantly increasing and has reached global epidemic proportions. The aim: Determining the influence of risk factors on insulin resistance level in patients with overweight and obesity...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783213/-socioecological-features-of-the-epidemiology-of-sarcoidosis-in-the-poltava-region-ukraine
#10
Dmytro M Boiko, Volodymyr H Pecherytsia, Oksana S Boiko, Svitlana M Kulyk
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: Lung sarcoidosis is a systemic granulomatous disease that can affect various organs and systems of a person. Due to the lack of a uniform standardized approach to the diagnosis of sarcoidosis, the epidemiological pattern is heterogeneous and depends on many factors. The aim: To investigate the correlation between the number of patients with sarcoidosis among the population of the Poltava region (Ukraine) and the ecological characteristics of the industrial activity of the region in comparison with the data on the availability of subspecialists in respiratory diseases...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783203/mechanical-characterization-and-ion-release-of-bioactive-dental-composites-containing-calcium-phosphate-particles
#11
Livia C Natale, Marcela C Rodrigues, Yvette Alania, Marina D S Chiari, Leticia C C Boaro, Marycel Cotrim, Oscar Vega, Roberto R Braga
OBJECTIVE: to verify the effect of the addition of dicalcium phosphate dihydrate (DCPD) particles functionalized with di- or triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (DEGDMA or TEGDMA) on the degree of conversion (DC), post-gel shrinkage (PS), mechanical properties, and ion release of experimental composites. METHODS: Four composites were prepared containing a BisGMA/TEGDMA matrix and 60 vol% of fillers. The positive control contained only barium glass fillers, while in the other composites 15 vol% of the barium was replaced by DCPD...
May 18, 2018: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783195/performance-of-a-biotrickling-filter-for-the-anaerobic-utilization-of-gas-phase-methanol-coupled-to-thiosulphate-reduction-and-resource-recovery-through-volatile-fatty-acids-production
#12
Tejaswini Eregowda, Luck Matanhike, Eldon R Rene, Piet N L Lens
The anaerobic removal of continuously fed gas-phase methanol (2.5-30 g/m3 .h) and the reduction of step-fed thiosulphate (1000 mg/L) was investigated in a biotrickling filter (BTF) operated for 123 d at an empty bed residence time (EBRT) of 4.6 and 2.3 min. The BTF performance during steady step-feed and special operational phases like intermittent liquid trickling in 6 and 24 h cycles and operation without pH regulation were evaluated. Performance of the BTF was not affected and nearly 100% removal of gas-phase methanol was achieved with an ECmax of 21 g/m3 ...
April 25, 2018: Bioresource Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783182/effects-of-overproduced-ethylene-on-the-contents-of-other-phytohormones-and-expression-of-their-key-biosynthetic-genes
#13
Weiqiang Li, Rie Nishiyama, Yasuko Watanabe, Chien Van Ha, Mikiko Kojima, Ping An, Lei Tian, Chunjie Tian, Hitoshi Sakakibara, Lam-Son Phan Tran
Ethylene is involved in regulation of various aspects of plant growth and development. Physiological and genetic analyses have indicated the existence of crosstalk between ethylene and other phytohormones, including auxin, cytokinin (CK), abscisic acid (ABA), gibberellin (GA), salicylic acid (SA), jasmonic acid (JA), brassinosteroid (BR) and strigolactone (SL) in regulation of different developmental processes. However, the effects of ethylene on the biosynthesis and contents of these hormones are not fully understood...
May 10, 2018: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783170/impact-of-long-term-salinity-exposure-in-anaerobic-membrane-bioreactors-treating-phenolic-wastewater-performance-robustness-and-endured-microbial-community
#14
Julian D Muñoz Sierra, Margreet J Oosterkamp, Wei Wang, Henri Spanjers, Jules B van Lier
Industrial wastewaters are becoming increasingly associated with extreme conditions such as the presence of refractory compounds and high salinity that adversely affect biomass retention or reduce biological activity. Hence, this study evaluated the impact of long-term salinity increase to 20 gNa+ .L-1 on the bioconversion performance and microbial community composition in anaerobic membrane bioreactors treating phenolic wastewater. Phenol removal efficiency of up to 99.9% was achieved at 14 gNa+ .L-1 . Phenol conversion rates of 5...
May 7, 2018: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783162/a-peripheral-immune-response-to-remembering-trauma-contributes-to-the-maintenance-of-fear-memory-in-mice
#15
Matthew B Young, Leonard L Howell, Lauren Hopkins, Cassandra Moshfegh, Zhe Yu, Lauren Clubb, Jessica Seidenberg, Jeanie Park, Adam P Swiercz, Paul J Marvar
Alterations in peripheral immune markers are observed in individuals with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD is characterized in part by impaired extinction of fear memory for a traumatic experience. We hypothesized that fear memory extinction is regulated by immune signaling stimulated when fear memory is retrieved. The relationship between fear memory and the peripheral immune response was tested using auditory Pavlovian fear conditioning in mice. Memory for the association was quantified by the amount of conditioned freezing exhibited in response to the conditioned stimulus (CS), extinction and time-dependent changes in circulating inflammatory cytokines...
May 17, 2018: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783154/enhanced-removal-of-p-nitrophenol-from-aqueous-media-by-montmorillonite-clay-modified-with-a-cationic-surfactant
#16
A Dos Santos, M F Viante, D J Pochapski, A J Downs, C A P Almeida
Montmorillonite clay (MC) yields after modification of the interlamellar spacing and the chemical character of its surface by treatment with cetyltrimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) a solid product (MCCTA). This has been used as an adsorbent for the removal of p-nitrophenol (PNP) from aqueous solutions. The MCCTA samples were characterized by scanning electron microscopy (SEM), energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX), thermogravimetric analysis (TG/DTA), FT-IR spectroscopy, zeta potential measurements, X-ray diffraction (XRD), and specific surface area...
March 1, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783153/microwave-assisted-pyrolysis-of-textile-dyeing-sludge-and-migration-and-distribution-of-heavy-metals
#17
Hedong Zhang, Zuopeng Gao, Yang Liu, Chunmei Ran, Xiao Mao, Qinhao Kang, Wenya Ao, Jie Fu, Jing Li, Guangqing Liu, Jianjun Dai
This study investigated the pyrolysis characteristic of textile dyeing sludge (DS) using an auger pyrolyser under microwave irradiation at different pyrolysis temperature. The migration and distribution characteristic of heavy metals and their potential ecological risks were investigated using inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) techniques. Temperature and additives (e.g. Ca-bentonite, kaolin and CaO) significantly affected product distribution and yields. Heavy metals showed different enrichment characteristics during pyrolysis and a great percentage of the heavy metals was retained in the sludge char (SC), depending on different temperatures and additives...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Hazardous Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783151/formation-and-characterization-of-chitosan-protein-particles-with-fractal-whey-protein-aggregates
#18
Khouloud Fekih Ahmed, Adel Aschi, Taco Nicolai
Hybrid protein-polysaccharide particles were formed by complexation of fractal whey protein aggregates and the cationic polysaccharide chitosan. The fractal aggregates were preformed by heating native whey protein isolate at pH 7 and subsequently mixed with chitosan at pH 3 where these proteins and polysaccharides don't interact with each other. Stable dispersions of protein-polysaccharide particles were formed spontaneously when the pH was gradually increased between 4.1 and 6.8, whereas in the absence of chitosan the fractal aggregates precipitated between pH 4...
May 15, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783136/occurrence-and-estrogenic-activity-of-steroid-hormones-in-chinese-streams-a-nationwide-study-based-on-a-combination-of-chemical-and-biological-tools
#19
Bo Yao, Rui Li, Shuwen Yan, Shen-An Chan, Weihua Song
Steroid hormones (SHs) are continuously released into the aquatic environment through various pathways after being excreted by humans and animals, interfere with the normal function of the endocrine system and may affect the physiology and reproduction of exposed aquatic life. To conduct a nationwide investigation of the occurrence and biological effects of SHs in surface river/steam water in China, we quantitated 27 selected SHs in 217 surface water samples by solid-phase extraction (SPE) tandem LC-MS/MS and used a recombinant yeast estrogen assay to screen extracts of the water samples for estrogenic activities...
May 18, 2018: Environment International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783116/modelling-environment-contamination-with-heavy-metals-in-flathead-grey-mullet-mugil-cephalus-and-upper-sediments-from-north-african-coasts-of-the-mediterranean-sea
#20
Naouel Ouali, Bourhane-Eddine Belabed, Haroun Chenchouni
Heavy metals are a serious hazard for aquatic ecosystems and human health. They negatively affect aquatic life functioning through accumulation resulting physiological/growth disturbances in aquatic lifeforms. This survey focused on the assessment of heavy metal pollution in the Gulf of Annaba (northeastern Algeria), the largest and most diversified industrial hub in Africa, using a multi-compartment approach (water-sediment-biota). The study aims to characterize the spatiotemporal variation of trace metal (TM) contamination and its effects on the growth of the Flathead grey mullet (Mugil cephalus)...
May 18, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
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