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Hearing impairment

Lilian Cássia Bórnia Jacob-Corteletti, Eliene Silva Araújo, Josilene Luciene Duarte, Fernanda Zucki, Kátia de Freitas Alvarenga
Purpose: The aims of the study were to examine the acoustic reflex screening and threshold in healthy neonates and those at risk of hearing loss and to determine the effect of birth weight and gestational age on acoustic stapedial reflex (ASR). Method: We assessed 18 healthy neonates (Group I) and 16 with at least 1 risk factor for hearing loss (Group II); all of them passed the transient evoked otoacoustic emission test that assessed neonatal hearing. The test battery included an acoustic reflex screening with activators of 0...
June 18, 2018: Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research: JSLHR
Raquel Pérez-Carro, Fiona Blanco-Kelly, Lilián Galbis-Martínez, Gema García-García, Elena Aller, Blanca García-Sandoval, Pablo Mínguez, Marta Corton, Ignacio Mahíllo-Fernández, Inmaculada Martín-Mérida, Almudena Avila-Fernández, José M Millán, Carmen Ayuso
INTRODUCTION: Mutations in USH2A cause both isolated Retinitis Pigmentosa (RP) and Usher syndrome (that implies RP and hearing impairment). One of the most frequent variants identified in this gene and among these patients is the p.(Cys759Phe) change. However, the pathogenic role of this allele has been questioned since it was found in homozygosity in two healthy siblings of a Spanish family. To assess the causative role of USH2A p.(Cys759Phe) in autosomal recessive RP (ARRP) and Usher syndrome type II (USH2) and to establish possible genotype-phenotype correlations associated with p...
2018: PloS One
Katya Vangelova, Irina Dimitrova, Bistra Tzenova
OBJECTIVES: The work ability of aging teachers is of special interest because of high risk of stress. The aim of the study was to follow the work ability of aging teachers and compare it with that of aging non-teacher professionals. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study included 424 teachers of age ≤ 44 years old (N = 140) and ≥ 45 years old (N = 284), with about 10% male teachers in both age groups, matched by sex and age with non-teacher professionals. Work ability was assessed by means of the Work Ability Index (WAI)...
June 8, 2018: International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health
Annes J Claes, Paul Van de Heyning, Annick Gilles, Vincent Van Rompaey, Griet Mertens
OBJECTIVES: To critically assess the current status of the literature on cognitive outcomes after cochlear implantation in older adults. METHODS: Studies were identified by searching MEDLINE (PubMed) and Cochrane Library, and checking reference lists of relevant articles. No restrictions were imposed regarding language, publication date, or publication status. Eligibility criteria were as follows: (1) the study sample included older adults aged 50 or over with severe to profound bilateral hearing loss, (2) the participants received a multi-electrode cochlear implant, and (3) a cognitive test was performed before and after implantation...
June 18, 2018: Cochlear Implants International
Peyman Zamani, Zahra Soleymani, Vahid Rashedi, Farhad Farahani, Gohar Lotf, Mohammad Rezaei
Objectives: To compare narrative skills between fourth and fifth grades of Persian-speaking students with hearing impairments and typical hearing students of the same grade and also to evaluate the effects of group, sex, hearing age, and educational grade of the students on their spoken/written narrative performance. Methods: The subjects were 174 students aged 10-13 years, 54 of whom wore cochlear implants, 60 suffered from moderate to severe hearing losses and wore hearing aids, with the remaining 60 students being typical hearing in terms of the sense of hearing...
June 19, 2018: Clinical and Experimental Otorhinolaryngology
S Benacchio, O Doutres, A Le Troter, A Varoquaux, E Wagnac, V Callot, F Sgard
Passive and active in-ear devices (IED) occluding the ear canal are commonly used to (i) protect people from high noise levels (earplugs), (ii) assist people suffering from hearing impairment (hearing aids) or (iii) help people in listening from their sound systems (earbuds). However, the usability and/or efficiency of IEDs can be greatly affected by several discomfort components (physical, acoustical and functional). The mechanical pressure exerted by the IED onto the ear canal walls is greatly suspected to affect the aforementioned comfort components...
June 2, 2018: Hearing Research
Tobias Moser
This review addresses the advances of our molecular understanding of hearing and how this benefits the hearing impaired. Classical biochemical methods usually fall short in contributing to the analysis of the molecular mechanisms of hearing e. g. in the cochlea, the auditory part of the inner ear, due to the scarcity of the cells of interest. Genetics, molecular cell biology, and physiology, on the other hand, have elucidated the intricate molecular and cellular mechanisms that bring about the outstanding performance of the auditory system...
March 2018: Laryngo- Rhino- Otologie
Carlijn M P le Clercq, André Goedegebure, Vincent W V Jaddoe, Hein Raat, Robert J Baatenburg de Jong, Marc P van der Schroeff
Importance: Portable music player use may have harmful effects on hearing. The magnitude and effect of frequent music exposure, especially at younger ages, on hearing are unclear. Objectives: To examine the prevalence of noise-induced hearing loss in a 9- to 11-year-old population and associations with portable music player use and sociodemographic factors. Design, Setting, and Participants: A cross-sectional study within an ongoing, prospective, birth cohort study within Rotterdam, the Netherlands was conducted...
June 14, 2018: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
Micha Lundbeck, Laura Hartog, Giso Grimm, Volker Hohmann, Lars Bramsløw, Tobias Neher
Hearing-impaired listeners are known to have difficulties not only with understanding speech in noise but also with judging source distance and movement, and these deficits are related to perceived handicap. It is possible that the perception of spatially dynamic sounds can be improved with hearing aids (HAs), but so far this has not been investigated. In a previous study, older hearing-impaired listeners showed poorer detectability for virtual left-right (angular) and near-far (radial) source movements due to lateral interfering sounds and reverberation, respectively...
January 2018: Trends in Hearing
Katharine Boyle, Ryan Felling, Alvin Yiu, Wejdan Battarjee, Jamie McElrath Schwartz, Cynthia Salorio, Melania M Bembea
OBJECTIVES: The goal of this systematic review of the literature was to summarize neurologic outcomes following neonatal and pediatric extracorporeal membrane oxygenation. DATA SOURCES: We conducted electronic searches of PubMed, Scopus, Web of Science, CINAHL, Cochrane, and EMBASE. STUDY SELECTION: Inclusion criteria included publication dates 2000-2016, patient ages 0-18 years, and use of standardized measures to evaluate outcomes after extracorporeal membrane oxygenation...
June 11, 2018: Pediatric Critical Care Medicine
Gurjit Singh, Lisa Liskovoi, Stefan Launer, Frank Russo
OBJECTIVES: The objectives of this research were to develop and evaluate a self-report questionnaire (the Emotional Communication in Hearing Questionnaire or EMO-CHeQ) designed to assess experiences of hearing and handicap when listening to signals that contain vocal emotion information. DESIGN: Study 1 involved internet-based administration of a 42-item version of the EMO-CHeQ to 586 adult participants (243 with self-reported normal hearing [NH], 193 with self-reported hearing impairment but no reported use of hearing aids [HI], and 150 with self-reported hearing impairment and use of hearing aids [HA])...
June 11, 2018: Ear and Hearing
Satu Turunen-Taheri, Per-Inge Carlsson, Ann-Christin Johnson, Sten Hellström
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to identify and report demographic data of patients with severe-to-profound hearing loss, assess participation in audiological rehabilitation and analyze the benefits of various rehabilitation methods. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data on 4286 patients with severe-to-profound hearing impairments registered in the Swedish Quality Register of Otorhinolaryngology over a period from 2006-2015 were studied. Demographic data, gender differences, audiological rehabilitation and benefits of the rehabilitation were analyzed...
June 12, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
Aran Yoo, Jonathan Jou, Jeffrey D Klopfenstein, Jorge C Kattah
Background: Infratentorial siderosis (iSS) is a progressive degenerative disorder targeting primarily the cerebellum and cranial nerve eighth; therefore, progressive ataxia and its neuro-otological findings are common. Toxicity from hemosiderin involves selectively vulnerable neurons and glia in these posterior fossa structures. Other neurologic findings may be present, though our focus relates to the cochlea-vestibular cerebellar involvement. Radiographic evidence of siderosis may be the result of recurrent, albeit covert bleeding in the subarachnoid space, or the consequence of an overt post-traumatic or aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH)...
2018: Frontiers in Neurology
Helen Blank, Marlene Spangenberg, Matthew H Davis
Humans use prior expectations to improve perception, especially of sensory signals that are degraded or ambiguous. However, if sensory input deviates from prior expectations, correct perception depends on adjusting or rejecting prior expectations. Failure to adjust or reject the prior leads to perceptual illusions especially if there is partial overlap (hence partial mismatch) between expectations and input. With speech, "Slips of the ear" occur when expectations lead to misperception. For instance, a entomologist, might be more susceptible to hear "The ants are my friends" for "The answer, my friend" (in the Bob Dylan song "Blowing in the Wind")...
June 11, 2018: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Seongryu Bae, Sangyoon Lee, Sungchul Lee, Songee Jung, Keitaro Makino, Hyuntae Park, Hiroyuki Shimada
BACKGROUND: We examined the role of social frailty in the association between hearing problems and mild cognitive impairment (MCI), and investigated which cognitive impairment domains are most strongly involved. METHODS: Participants were 4251 older adults (mean age 72.5 ± 5.2 years, 46.1% male) who met the study inclusion criteria. Hearing problems were measured using the Hearing Handicap Inventory for the Elderly. Social frailty was identified using responses to five questions...
June 1, 2018: Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics
Jorge Almeida, Gonçalo Nunes, José Frederico Marques, Lénia Amaral
Congenitally deaf individuals, compared to hearing individuals, typically show differential performance (improvements or impairments) on certain nonauditory tasks. Concomitantly, their auditory cortex is recruited to process information from the spared senses. Are these compensatory behavioral strategies equally observable across the sensory fields of each particular unaffected sense (e.g., across the full visual field for vision-related compensatory plasticity)? There are neural data in human and nonhuman mammals that may be suggestive of there being a differential processing advantage for stimuli presented in the horizontal visual plane than in the vertical visual plane...
June 2018: Journal of Experimental Psychology. General
Wai-Tong Ng, Stewart Y Tung, Victor Lee, Roger K C Ngan, Horace C W Choi, Lucy L K Chan, To-Wai Leung, Lillian L Siu, Tai-Xiang Lu, Terence Tan, Eng-Huat Tan, Henry C K Sze, Alice W Y Ng, Harry H Y Yiu, Brian O'Sullivan, Rick Chappell, Anne W M Lee
PURPOSE: This is an updated combined analysis of 2 randomized studies (NPC-9901 and NPC-9902 trials) to evaluate the 10-year outcome attributed to the addition of concurrent-adjuvant chemotherapy for advanced locoregional nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eligible patients with stage III-IVB nonkeratinizing NPC were randomly assigned to radiation therapy alone (RT: 218 patients) or chemoradiation therapy (CRT: 223 patients) using 3 cycles of cisplatin (100 mg/m2 ) concurrent with RT, followed by 3 cycles of cisplatin (80 mg/m2 ) and fluorouracil (1000 mg/m2 /day for 4 days)...
May 2, 2018: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Penelope Carroll, Karen Witten, Octavia Calder-Dawe, Melody Smith, Robin Kearns, Lanuola Asiasiga, Judy Lin, Nicola Kayes, Suzanne Mavoa
BACKGROUND: Participation in community life is vital for health and wellbeing, promoting a sense of belonging, networks of social support and opportunities for physical activity. Disabled young people have lower levels of mobility and participation in recreational activities (physical, social and cultural), education and employment, than their peers without disabilities. This has implications for their health and wellbeing and life course opportunities. Previous research on the participation levels of disabled young people has primarily relied on parent/caregiver reports and been oriented to home and school environments...
June 8, 2018: BMC Public Health
Kyle O Rove, Gino J Vricella, Tamara Hershey, Muang H Thu, Heather M Lugar, Joel Vetter, Bess A Marshall, Paul F Austin
INTRODUCTION: Wolfram syndrome (WFS) is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by childhood-onset diabetes mellitus, optic nerve atrophy, diabetes insipidus, hearing impairment and commonly bladder and bowel dysfunction. We hypothesize that there is an association between smaller pons, which contains the pontine micturition center, and abnormal lower urinary tract function. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with genetically confirmed WFS attend an annual multidisciplinary research clinic...
June 5, 2018: Journal of Urology
Nian Zhang, Juan Wang, Shuting Liu, Mugen Liu, Fagang Jiang
BACKGROUND: To describe the clinical and genetic findings in a Chinese family with three sibs diagnosed with Usher syndrome type IIC. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Four members received ophthalmic and otologic tests to ascertain the clinical characteristics. According to the clinical phenotype, we focused attention on a total of 658 genes associated with them. We screened the possible pathogenic mutation sites, used Sanger to exclude the false positive and verified whether there were co-segregated among the family members...
June 8, 2018: Ophthalmic Genetics
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