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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636832/nutrient-deficiencies-are-common-prior-to-bariatric-surgery
#1
Leigh A Frame-Peterson, Robin D Megill, Suzanne Carobrese, Michael Schweitzer
Obesity, defined as a body mass index >30 kg/m(2), is a growing worldwide epidemic currently effecting 1 in 10 adults, with rates as high as 40% in the United States. The only proven long-term treatment of severe obesity on a population level is surgical modification of the gastrointestinal anatomy to induce weight loss, termed bariatric surgery. With adequate physician guidance and appropriate candidate criteria, bariatric surgery is an option for effective long-term treatment of obesity and its related comorbidities...
June 1, 2017: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629485/characterisation-of-vitamin-and-mineral-supplement-users-differentiated-according-to-their-motives-for-using-supplements-results-of-the-german-national-nutrition-monitoring-nemonit
#2
Anne Frey, Ingrid Hoffmann, Thorsten Heuer
OBJECTIVE: To characterise German vitamin and mineral supplement users differentiated by their motives for supplement use. DESIGN: Data were obtained from the German National Nutrition Monitoring (2010/11) via two 24 h dietary recalls and a telephone interview. Motive-based subgroups of supplement users were identified by factor and cluster analysis. Sociodemographic, lifestyle, health and dietary characteristics and supplement use were examined. Differences were analysed using χ 2 tests, logistic and linear regression models...
June 20, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627212/efficacy-of-enteral-nutritional-support-after-hospital-discharge-in-major-gastrointestinal-surgery-patients-a-systematic-review
#3
Alfonso Vidal Casariego, Alicia Calleja Fernández, Rocío Villar Taibo, Ana Urioste Fondo, Begoña Pintor de la Maza, Ana Hernández Moreno, Isidoro Cano Rodríguez, María D Ballesteros Pomar
INTRODUCTION: Nutritional support for malnourished patients undergoing gastrointestinal surgery reduces the complication rate and shortens the length of stay. The efficacy of nutritional support after hospital discharge was analyzed in this systematic review. METHODS: The search strategy (nutrition OR "enteral nutrition" OR "nutritional supplements" OR "oral nutritional supplements" OR "sip feed" OR "sip feeding" OR "dietary counseling") AND ("patient discharge" OR discharge OR postdischarge) AND (surgery OR operation OR "surgical procedure") was followed in Medline, CENTRAL, and Trip databases...
June 5, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28624274/effect-of-nutritional-immunomodulation-and-heat-stress-during-the-dry-period-on-subsequent-performance-of-cows
#4
Thiago F Fabris, Jimena Laporta, Fabiana N Corra, Yazielis M Torres, David J Kirk, Derek J McLean, J D Chapman, Geoffrey E Dahl
Heat stress in dairy cows during the dry period impairs milk yield in the next lactation. Feeding OmniGen-AF (OG; Phibro Animal Health Corp., Teaneck, NJ) to lactating cows during heat stress may increase dry matter intake (DMI) and lowers respiration rate (RR) and rectal temperature (RT), but the effects in dry cows are not known. We hypothesized that OG supplementation before, during, and after the dry period (approximately 160 d total) would overcome the effects of heat stress and improve cow performance in the next lactation...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622779/-iron-in-nutrition
#5
P Tounian, J-P Chouraqui
Iron deficiency is the main nutritional disease worldwide. The multidisciplinary working group of the French Pediatric Society on iron assessed the following recommendations. Since iron is variably absorbed depending on foods, the group defined absorbed iron requirements instead of dietary iron requirements. Iron-rich foods should be introduced at 4-months of age in some breast-fed infants. Between 7 and 11 month-old, formula-fed infants should drink at least 700ml per day of follow-on formula and partially or totally breast-fed infants should receive oral iron supplementation...
May 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621445/nutritional-and-functional-bioactivity-value-of-selected-azorean-macroalgae-ulva-compressa-ulva-rigida-gelidium-microdon-and-pterocladiella-capillacea
#6
Lisete Paiva, Elisabete Lima, Ana Isabel Neto, Massimo Marcone, José Baptista
This study presents information on the biochemical composition (dry weight basis), nutritional aspects, and angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory properties of selected macroalgae (Ulva compressa, Ulva rigida, Gelidium microdon, and Pterocladiella capillacea) from Azores. Moisture content was very high (83.2% to 90.0% of fresh weight). Total dietary fiber (33.7% to 41.0%) that presented a good balance of both soluble and insoluble fibers (15.5% to 19.2% and 18.2% to 21.8%, respectively) was the most abundant component in these macroalgae...
June 16, 2017: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615996/international-society-of-sports-nutrition-position-stand-safety-and-efficacy-of-creatine-supplementation-in-exercise-sport-and-medicine
#7
REVIEW
Richard B Kreider, Douglas S Kalman, Jose Antonio, Tim N Ziegenfuss, Robert Wildman, Rick Collins, Darren G Candow, Susan M Kleiner, Anthony L Almada, Hector L Lopez
Creatine is one of the most popular nutritional ergogenic aids for athletes. Studies have consistently shown that creatine supplementation increases intramuscular creatine concentrations which may help explain the observed improvements in high intensity exercise performance leading to greater training adaptations. In addition to athletic and exercise improvement, research has shown that creatine supplementation may enhance post-exercise recovery, injury prevention, thermoregulation, rehabilitation, and concussion and/or spinal cord neuroprotection...
2017: Journal of the International Society of Sports Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28615265/adequacy-of-nutritional-intake-from-food-and-supplements-in-a-cohort-of-pregnant-women-in-qu%C3%A3-bec-canada-the-3d-cohort-study-design-develop-discover
#8
Lise Dubois, Maikol Diasparra, Brigitte Bédard, Cynthia K Colapinto, Bénédicte Fontaine-Bisson, Anne-Sophie Morisset, Richard E Tremblay, William D Fraser
Background: Assessments of the dietary intakes in various populations suggest that pregnant women have difficulty meeting all their nutritional requirements through diet alone. Few large-scale studies have considered both food sources and supplements in assessing the adequacy of nutritional intakes during pregnancy.Objectives: Our study aimed to assess nutritional intakes during pregnancy by examining dietary sources and supplements. It then compared these findings with Dietary Reference Intakes.Design: We conducted a nutrition study in a large pregnancy cohort using a 3-d food record during the second trimester of pregnancy...
June 14, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612434/effect-of-increasing-taurine-and-methionine-supplementation-on-urinary-taurine-excretion-in-a-model-insectivore-the-giant-anteater-myrmecophaga-tridactyla
#9
S A Nofs, E S Dierenfeld, R C Backus
The giant anteater (Mymercophaga tridactyla) is a highly specialized insectivore for which nutrient requirements are not clearly established, making diet formulation challenging for this species. Multiple clinical reports suggest anteaters have an obligate dietary taurine (TAU) requirement. Sulphur amino acid (SAA) metabolism in adult anteaters was evaluated using noninvasive methods to measure TAU synthesis potential from dietary methionine (MET) and a basal diet containing on a dry matter (DM) basis 1.7 mg TAU/kg DM and 6...
June 14, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612338/nutritional-rickets-and-osteomalacia-in-the-twenty-first-century-revised-concepts-public-health-and-prevention-strategies
#10
REVIEW
Suma Uday, Wolfgang Högler
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Nutritional rickets and osteomalacia are common in dark-skinned and migrant populations. Their global incidence is rising due to changing population demographics, failing prevention policies and missing implementation strategies. The calcium deprivation spectrum has hypocalcaemic (seizures, tetany and dilated cardiomyopathy) and late hypophosphataemic (rickets, osteomalacia and muscle weakness) complications. This article reviews sustainable prevention strategies and identifies areas for future research...
June 13, 2017: Current Osteoporosis Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28608573/plantago-ovata-in-broiler-chicken-nutrition-performance-carcass-criteria-intestinal-morphology-immunity-and-intestinal-bacterial-population
#11
A Divani, F Bagherzadeh-Kasmani, M Mehri
In this experiment, the effect of dietary Plantago ovata (PO) on performance, carcass criteria, intestinal morphology, immunity, and intestinal bacterial population of broiler chickens was evaluated. A total of 250 one-day-old male broiler chicks (Ross 308) were randomly assigned to five treatments containing 0, 5, 10, 15, or 20 g/kg of PO with five replicate pens and 10 birds in each replicate. Dietary PO increased body weight gain and decreased feed conversion ratio in the finisher period, improving the performance index (p < ...
June 13, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606218/dietary-supplement-use-in-the-older-population-of-iceland-and-association-with-mortality
#12
Birta Ólafsdóttir, Ingibjörg Gunnarsdóttir, Hjálmfríður Nikulásdóttir, Guðný Eiríksdóttir, Tamara B Harris, Lenore J Launer, Vilmundur Guðnason, Thórhallur I Halldórsson, Kristjana Einarsdóttir
Dietary supplements are often used by the elderly to improve their nutritional status. However, intake above the recommended dietary levels may be detrimental, and uncertainty exists on the potential health benefits of supplementation in this population. The aim of this study was to describe supplement use among Icelandic older adults and to assess its association with total mortality and CVD-related mortality. This study used data from the Age Gene/Environment Susceptibility-Reykjavik study, which recruited 5764 participants aged 66-98 years in 2002-2006...
June 13, 2017: British Journal of Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606084/effect-of-oral-cinnamon-intervention-on-metabolic-profile-and-body-composition-of-asian-indians-with-metabolic-syndrome-a-randomized-double-blind-control-trial
#13
Sonal Gupta Jain, Seema Puri, Anoop Misra, Seema Gulati, Kalaivani Mani
BACKGROUND: Nutritional modulation remains central to the management of metabolic syndrome. Intervention with cinnamon in individuals with metabolic syndrome remains sparsely researched. METHODS: We investigated the effect of oral cinnamon consumption on body composition and metabolic parameters of Asian Indians with metabolic syndrome. In this 16-week double blind randomized control trial, 116 individuals with metabolic syndrome were randomized to two dietary intervention groups, cinnamon [6 capsules (3 g) daily] or wheat flour [6 capsules (2...
June 12, 2017: Lipids in Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605476/challenges-in-conducting-clinical-nutrition-research
#14
Connie M Weaver, Joshua W Miller
Clinical nutrition research has played a pivotal role in establishing causality between diet or nutrient intake and health outcome measures and in the determination of dietary requirements and levels of supplementation to achieve specific outcomes. Because the studies are performed with humans, clinical nutrition research can be readily translated into public health messages. However, there are many challenges and considerations unique to the field, such as the baseline nutritional status of study participants, defining appropriate control groups, effective blinding of participants and investigators, the evolving ethics of randomized control trials, and a tension in a priori decisions regarding inclusion of nutritionally vulnerable participants versus representative samples of general populations...
June 12, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28604131/micronutrient-intake-and-the-contribution-of-dietary-supplements-in-hispanic-infants
#15
Kiara Amaro-Rivera, Andrea López-Cepero, Beatriz Diaz, Jae Eun Lee, Cristina Palacios
To calculate micronutrient adequacy among infants and toddlers and to determine the contribution of dietary supplements to this adequacy, micronutrient intake was assessed using two nonconsecutive 24-hour recalls in a sample of 296 infants aged 0-24 months. Micronutrient intake was calculated from foods and beverages and from supplements and compared between nonusers and users of supplements. Percentages of children below the Dietary Reference Intake (DRI) and above the tolerable upper limit intake (UL) were also compared between groups...
June 12, 2017: Journal of Dietary Supplements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601441/evaluation-and-handling-of-constipation-in-critical-patients
#16
J Pérez-Sánchez, J Fernández-Boronat, E Martínez-Méndez, M L Marín-Cagigas, D Mota-Puerto, M C Pérez-Román, G Martínez-Estalella
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of nursing care against constipation and to identify, analyze and evaluate causes and consequences. METHODOLOGY: Observational, descriptive and prospective study in polyvalent ICU tertiary hospital (2013-2015). INCLUSION CRITERIA: >18 years, stay >7 days, connected to respiratory support, with nasogastric tube and enteral or mixed nutrition. Patients with gastrointestinal pathology, encephalopathic and jejunostomy/ileostomy were excluded...
June 7, 2017: Enfermería Intensiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28598848/synaptic-membrane-synthesis-in-rats-depends-on-dietary-sufficiency-of-vitamin-c-vitamin-e-and-selenium-relevance-for-alzheimer-s-disease
#17
Mehmet Cansev, Mesut Turkyilmaz, John W C Sijben, Cansu Sevinc, Laus M Broersen, Nick van Wijk
Chronic consumption of a diet enriched with nutritional precursors of phospholipids, including uridine and the polyunsaturated fatty acids, docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), was shown previously to enhance levels of brain phospholipids and synaptic proteins in rodents. Vitamin C, vitamin E, and selenium may directly affect the breakdown or synthesis of membrane phospholipids. The present study investigated the necessity of antioxidants for the effectiveness of supplementation with uridine plus DHA and EPA (as fish oil) in rats...
June 9, 2017: Journal of Alzheimer's Disease: JAD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597400/gynecologic-oncologists-attitudes-and-practices-relating-to-integrative-medicine-results-of-a-nationwide-ago-survey
#18
Evelyn Klein, Matthias W Beckmann, Werner Bader, Cosima Brucker, Gustav Dobos, Dorothea Fischer, Volker Hanf, Annette Hasenburg, Sebastian M Jud, Matthias Kalder, Marion Kiechle, Sherko Kümmel, Andreas Müller, Myrjam-Alice T Müller, Daniela Paepke, Andre-Robert Rotmann, Florian Schütz, Anton Scharl, Petra Voiss, Markus Wallwiener, Claudia Witt, Carolin C Hack
PURPOSE: The growing popularity and acceptance of integrative medicine is evident both among patients and among the oncologists treating them. As little data are available regarding health-care professionals' knowledge, attitudes, and practices relating to the topic, a nationwide online survey was designed. METHODS: Over a period of 11 weeks (from July 15 to September 30, 2014) a self-administered, 17-item online survey was sent to all 676 members of the Research Group on Gynecological Oncology (Arbeitsgemeinschaft Gynäkologische Onkologie) in the German Cancer Society...
June 8, 2017: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594103/dietary-%C3%AE-ketoglutarate-supplementation-improves-hepatic-and-intestinal-energy-status-and-anti-oxidative-capacity-of-cherry-valley-ducks
#19
Shuangshuang Guo, Rui Duan, Lei Wang, Yongqing Hou, Linglin Tan, Qiang Cheng, Man Liao, Binying Ding
α-Ketoglutarate (AKG) is an extensively used dietary supplement in human and animal nutrition. The aim of the present study was to investigate effects of dietary AKG supplementation on the energy status and anti-oxidative capacity in liver and intestinal mucosa of Cherry Valley ducks. A total of 80 1-day-old ducks were randomly assigned into four groups, in which ducks were fed basal diets supplemented with 0% (control), 0.5%, 1.0% and 1.5% AKG, respectively. Graded doses of AKG supplementation linearly decreased the ratio of adenosine monophosphate (AMP) to adenosine triphosphate (ATP) in the liver, but increased ATP content and adenylate energy charge (AEC) in a quadratic and linear manner, respectively (P < 0...
June 8, 2017: Animal Science Journal, Nihon Chikusan Gakkaihō
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28586481/dietary-fiber-and-digestive-health-in-children
#20
Renee Korczak, Alison Kamil, Lisa Fleige, Sharon M Donovan, Joanne L Slavin
Digestive health is an expanding area in nutrition research due to the interest in how food components such as fiber affect gastrointestinal tolerance, stool form, defecation frequency, transit time, and gut microbial composition and metabolic activity. In children, however, digestive health studies that intervene with dietary fiber are limited due to legal and ethical concerns. To better understand if fiber improves digestive health in children, a literature review was conducted to answer the following research question: What are the effect(s) of fiber-containing foods and/or supplements on digestive health outcomes in children? A search of the PubMed database identified a total of 12 studies that fit the inclusion criteria established for this review...
April 1, 2017: Nutrition Reviews
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