keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Dietary and nutritional supplements

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28335546/dietary-protein-and-amino-acid-supplementation-in-inflammatory-bowel-disease-course-what-impact-on-the-colonic-mucosa
#1
REVIEW
Sandra Vidal-Lletjós, Martin Beaumont, Daniel Tomé, Robert Benamouzig, François Blachier, Annaïg Lan
Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD), after disease onset, typically progress in two cyclically repeated phases, namely inflammatory flare and remission, with possible nutritional status impairment. Some evidence, either from epidemiological, clinical, and experimental studies indicate that the quantity and the quality of dietary protein consumption and amino acid supplementation may differently influence the IBD course according to the disease phases. For instance, although the dietary protein needs for mucosal healing after an inflammatory episode remain undetermined, there is evidence that amino acids derived from dietary proteins display beneficial effects on this process, serving as building blocks for macromolecule synthesis in the wounded mucosal area, energy substrates, and/or precursors of bioactive metabolites...
March 21, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28333357/dietary-patterns-foods-and-nutrients-in-male-fertility-parameters-and-fecundability-a-systematic-review-of-observational-studies
#2
Albert Salas-Huetos, Mònica Bulló, Jordi Salas-Salvadó
BACKGROUND: Infertility is a global public health issue, affecting 15% of all couples of reproductive age. Male factors, including decreased semen quality, are responsible for ~25% of these cases. The dietary pattern, the components of the diet and nutrients have been studied as possible determinants of sperm function and/or fertility. OBJECTIVE AND RATIONALE: Previous systematic reviews have been made of the few heterogeneous low-quality randomized clinical trials (RCTs) conducted in small samples of participants and investigating the effect of specific nutrients and nutritional supplements on male infertility...
March 10, 2017: Human Reproduction Update
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319655/meeting-nutritional-needs-in-the-first-1000-days-a-place-for-small-quantity-lipid-based-nutrient-supplements
#3
Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Anna Lartey, Kathryn G Dewey
The first 1000 days of life is marked by intense metabolic activity and tissue deposition. The increased nutritional needs during this period, and the challenges to meeting them, are often not understood or appreciated. Here, we describe the nutritional needs during the first 1000 days, highlight the challenges to meeting these needs in developing countries, outline intervention strategies, and examine the consumption of small-quantity lipid-based nutrient supplements (SQ-LNS) as a promising strategy. In low-income settings, the challenge to meeting nutritional needs during the first 1000 days is worsened by overreliance on cereal-based diets of low nutrient density and high prevalence of infections and infestations...
March 2017: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319651/mediterranean-tomato-based-sofrito-protects-against-vascular-alterations-in-obese-zucker-rats-by-preserving-no-bioavailability
#4
Rosalia Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Francesc Jiménez-Altayó, Laia Alsina, Yara Onetti, Jose F de Alvarenga, Carmen Claro, Elena Ogalla, Nuria Casals, Rosa M Lamuela-Raventos
SCOPE: Sofrito, a key component of the Mediterranean diet, provides nutritional interest due to its high content in bioactive compounds from tomato and olive oil, and especially to the lipid matrix in which these compounds are found. In this study, the potential beneficial effects of dietary intake of sofrito on obesity-related vascular alterations were explored in obese Zucker rats. METHODS AND RESULTS: Obese and lean rats were fed a control diet supplemented or not with 2% (w/w) sofrito for 8 weeks...
March 20, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28319154/effectiveness-of-community-based-complementary-food-supplement-yingyangbao-distribution-in-children-aged-6-23-months-in-poor-areas-in-china
#5
Jie Wang, Suying Chang, Liyun Zhao, Wentao Yu, Jian Zhang, Qingqing Man, Li He, Yifan Duan, Hui Wang, Robert Scherpbier, Shi-An Yin
BACKGROUND: Poor growth and micronutrient deficiency mainly attack older infants and young children. Some countries have adopted clinically effective measures to combat malnutrition, but the compliance and improvement in efficacy of intervention vehicles in national programs require evaluation. METHODS: Baseline and follow-up cross-sectional surveys were conducted before and after a nutrition intervention program in 3 national poverty counties in China. Soybean-based complementary food supplements called Yingyangbao (YYB) in Chinese and training materials on child feeding were distributed to households with children aged 6-23 months for 18 months...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28304104/assessment-of-antioxidative-and-selenium-status-by-seleno-dependent-glutathione-peroxidase-activity-in-different-blood-fractions-using-a-pig-model-issues-for-clinical-nutrition-and-research
#6
D B Dalto, J Lapointe, J-J Matte
Blood seleno-dependent glutathione peroxidase (SeGPX) activity is widely used as a metabolic indicator of systemic antioxidative status despite inconsistent responses in the literature. This study aimed to compare SeGPX activity profiles in different blood fractions, expressed with different reference units, and assess their impact on interpretation of results. Two studies on selenium (Se) metabolism in gilts, including long-term and peri-oestrus SeGPX activity profiles, were submitted to analysis of variance with double repeated measures, after data set standardization...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303703/assessment-of-dietary-choices-of-young-women-in-the-contexts-of-hormonal-contraceptives
#7
Mariola Friedrich, Magdalena Junak
Background: Metabolic changes caused by hormonal contraception combined with unbalanced diet may pose many threats, and deficiency or excess of nutrients may increase the risk of using such contraceptives. Objective: The purpose of the survey was to assess the dietary choices of young women using hormonal contraceptives, taking into account their general knowledge about the contraception and its impact on their bodies. Material and methods: The survey comprised 67 women aged from 18 to 25 years...
2017: Roczniki Państwowego Zakładu Higieny
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300010/effect-of-dietary-supplementation-of-ligustrum-lucidum-on-performance-egg-quality-and-blood-biochemical-parameters-of-hy-line-brown-hens-during-the-late-laying-period
#8
X L Li, W L He, M L Yang, Y M Yan, Y H Xue, S T Zhao
The fruit of Ligustrum lucidum (FLL, Nuzhenzi in Chinese) is an important traditional medicine, and have attracted significant research attention because of their various biological activities. However, there are few research reports available on the use of FLL as a feed additive in livestock nutrition, particularly in layers. This study was conducted to determine the effects of supplementation of the diet of laying hens with FLL on laying performance, egg quality and blood metabolites. A total of 360 72-week-old hens were allocated to three dietary treatments (eight replications of 15 hens/treatment group) and were fed either a control diet or a diet supplemented with an inclusion level of 0...
March 16, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285641/effectiveness-of-essential-amino-acid-supplementation-in-stimulating-whole-body-net-protein-anabolism-is-comparable-between-copd-patients-and-healthy-older-adults
#9
Renate Jonker, Nicolaas Ep Deutz, Marcia L Erbland, Paula J Anderson, Mariëlle Pkj Engelen
BACKGROUND: The development of effective nutritional strategies in support of muscle growth for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) remains challenging. Dietary essential amino acids (EAAs) are the main driver of postprandial net protein anabolism. In agreement, EAA supplements in healthy older adults are more effective than supplements with the composition of complete proteins. In patients with COPD it is still unknown whether complete protein supplements can be substituted with only EAAs, and whether they are as effective as in healthy older adults...
April 2017: Metabolism: Clinical and Experimental
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28285599/microbiome-and-metabolome-modifying-effects-of-several-cardiovascular-disease-interventions-in-apo-e-mice
#10
Paul M Ryan, Lis E E London, Trent C Bjorndahl, Rupasri Mandal, Kiera Murphy, Gerald F Fitzgerald, Fergus Shanahan, R Paul Ross, David S Wishart, Noel M Caplice, Catherine Stanton
BACKGROUND: There is strong evidence indicating that gut microbiota have the potential to modify, or be modified by the drugs and nutritional interventions that we rely upon. This study aims to characterize the compositional and functional effects of several nutritional, neutraceutical, and pharmaceutical cardiovascular disease interventions on the gut microbiome, through metagenomic and metabolomic approaches. Apolipoprotein-E-deficient mice were fed for 24 weeks either high-fat/cholesterol diet alone (control, HFC) or high-fat/cholesterol in conjunction with one of three dietary interventions, as follows: plant sterol ester (PSE), oat β-glucan (OBG) and bile salt hydrolase-active Lactobacillus reuteri APC 2587 (BSH), or the drug atorvastatin (STAT)...
March 13, 2017: Microbiome
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28279548/cost-effectiveness-of-oral-nutritional-supplements-in-older-malnourished-care-home-residents
#11
Marinos Elia, Emma L Parsons, Abbie L Cawood, Trevor R Smith, Rebecca J Stratton
BACKGROUND & AIMS: Malnutrition is common in care home residents, but information on the cost-effectiveness of nutritional interventions is lacking. This study, involving a randomised trial in care home residents, aimed to examine whether oral nutritional supplements (ONS) are cost-effective relative to dietary advice. METHODS: An incremental cost-effectiveness analysis was undertaken prospectively in 104 older care home residents (88 ± 8 years) without overt dementia, who were randomised to receive either ONS or dietary advice for 12 weeks...
February 11, 2017: Clinical Nutrition: Official Journal of the European Society of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28274729/food-group-consumption-in-an-italian-population-using-the-updated-food-classification-system-foodex2-results-from-the-italian-nutrition-health-survey-inhes-study
#12
G Pounis, A Bonanni, E Ruggiero, A Di Castelnuovo, S Costanzo, M Persichillo, M Bonaccio, C Cerletti, G Riccardi, M B Donati, G de Gaetano, L Iacoviello
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Dietary habits evolve over time, being influenced by many factors and complex interactions. This work aimed at evaluating the updated information on food group consumption in Italy. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 8944 (4768 women and 4176 men) participants aged >18 years from all over Italy recruited in 2010-13 (Italian Nutrition & HEalth Survey, INHES) was analyzed. The recruitment was performed using computer-assisted-telephone-interviewing and one-day 24-h dietary recall retrieved from all participants...
January 18, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273802/the%C3%A2-prevalence%C3%A2-of%C3%A2-micronutrient%C3%A2-deficiencies%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-inadequacies%C3%A2-in%C3%A2-the%C3%A2-middle%C3%A2-east%C3%A2-and%C3%A2-approaches%C3%A2-to%C3%A2-interventions
#13
REVIEW
Nahla Hwalla, Ayesha Salem Al Dhaheri, Hadia Radwan, Hanan Abdullah Alfawaz, Mona A Fouda, Nasser Mohammed Al-Daghri, Sahar Zaghloul, Jeffrey B Blumberg
Micronutrient deficiencies and inadequacies constitute a global health issue, particularly among countries in the Middle East. The objective of this review is to identify micronutrient deficits in the Middle East and to consider current and new approaches to address this problem. Based on the availability of more recent data, this review is primarily focused on countries that are in advanced nutrition transition. Prominent deficits in folate, iron, and vitamin D are noted among children/adolescents, women of childbearing age, pregnant women, and the elderly...
March 3, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28271601/phytochemical-compounds-in-sport-nutrition-synephrine-and-hydroxycitric-acid-hca-as-examples-for-evaluation-of-possible-health-risks
#14
REVIEW
Nadiya Bakhiya, Rainer Ziegenhagen, Karen I Hirsch-Ernst, Birgit Dusemund, Klaus Richter, Katharina Schultrich, Sophie Pevny, Bernd Schäfer, Alfonso Lampen
Numerous food supplements contain phytochemical compounds as active ingredients. Though such supplements are often perceived by consumers as being risk-free, the safety of many of them is currently uncertain. The present review provides two examples for risk assessment for phytochemical ingredients which are used in certain supplements marketed for sportspeople - synephrine (extracted from fruits of Citrus aurantium) and hydroxycitric acid (HCA, isolated from fruits of Garcinia cambogia). Animal and human studies as well as case reports provide evidence for cardiovascular effects due to ingestion of high synephrine doses, especially in combination with caffeine and physical exertion...
March 8, 2017: Molecular Nutrition & Food Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28266082/dietary-epigallocatechin-3-gallate-supplement-improves-maternal-and-neonatal-treatment-outcome-of-gestational-diabetes-mellitus-a-double-blind-randomised-controlled-trial
#15
H Zhang, S Su, X Yu, Y Li
BACKGROUND: Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is an increasing prevalent health risk in pregnant women. Epigallocatechin 3-gallate (EGCG) is known to benefit the insulin secretory machinery. We aimed to investigate the effect of daily dietary EGCG supplementation on both the maternal and neonatal treatment outcomes in GDM-affected pregnancies. METHODS: In total, 472 pregnant women during their third trimester of pregnancy were diagnosed with GDM and subsequently enrolled into this trial...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264875/prediagnostic-calcium-intake-and-lung-cancer-survival-a-pooled-analysis-of-12-cohort-studies
#16
Danxia Yu, Yumie Takata, Stephanie A Smith-Warner, William Blot, Norie Sawada, Emily White, Neal Freedman, Kim Robien, Edward L Giovannucci, Xuehong Zhang, Yikyung Park, Yu-Tang Gao, Rowan T Chlebowski, Arnulf Langhammer, Gong Yang, Gianluca Severi, Jonas Manjer, Kay-Tee Khaw, Elisabete Weiderpass, Linda M Liao, Neil E Caporaso, Steinar Krokstad, Kristian Hveem, Rashmi Sinha, Regina G Ziegler, Shoichiro Tsugsane, Yong-Bing Xiang, Mattias Johannson, Wei Zheng, Xiao-Ou Shu
BACKGROUND: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer death. Little is known about whether prediagnostic nutritional factors may affect survival. We examined the associations of prediagnostic calcium intake from foods and/or supplements with lung cancer survival. METHODS: The present analysis included 23,882 incident, primary lung cancer patients from 12 prospective cohort studies. Dietary calcium intake was assessed using food-frequency questionnaires at baseline in each cohort and standardized to caloric intake of 2000 kcal/d for women and 2500 kcal/d for men...
March 6, 2017: Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28264745/dietary-verbascoside-supplementation-in-donkeys-effects-on-milk-fatty-acid-profile-during-lactation-and-serum-biochemical-parameters-and-oxidative-markers
#17
A G D'Alessandro, F Vizzarri, M Palazzo, G Martemucci
Various uses of donkeys' milk have been recently proposed for human consumption on the basis of its nutritional characteristics. Improvements in milk fatty acid profile and animal oxidative status can be induced through dietary supplementation of phenolic compounds. The study aimed to evaluate in donkeys the effects of dietary supplementation with verbascoside (VB) on: (i) the fatty acid profile and vitamins A and E contents of milk during a whole lactation, and (ii) blood biochemical parameters and markers of oxidative status of the animals...
March 7, 2017: Animal: An International Journal of Animal Bioscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28261573/understanding-the-full-spectrum-of-organ-injury-following-intrapartum-asphyxia
#18
REVIEW
Domenic A LaRosa, Stacey J Ellery, David W Walker, Hayley Dickinson
Birth asphyxia is a significant global health problem, responsible for ~1.2 million neonatal deaths each year worldwide. Those who survive often suffer from a range of health issues including brain damage-manifesting as cerebral palsy (CP)-respiratory insufficiency, cardiovascular collapse, and renal dysfunction, to name a few. Although the majority of research is directed toward reducing the brain injury that results from intrapartum birth asphyxia, the multi-organ injury observed in surviving neonates is of equal importance...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253914/non-pharmacological-interventions-designed-to-reduce-health-risks-due-to-unhealthy-eating-behaviour-and-linked-risky-or-excessive-drinking-in-adults-aged-18-25%C3%A2-years-a-systematic-review-protocol
#19
Stephanie Scott, Kathryn Parkinson, Eileen Kaner, Shannon Robalino, Martine Stead, Christine Power, Niamh Fitzgerald, Wendy Wrieden, Ashley Adamson
BACKGROUND: Excess body weight and heavy alcohol consumption are two of the greatest contributors to global disease. Alcohol use peaks in early adulthood. Alcohol consumption can also exacerbate weight gain. A high body mass index and heavy drinking are independently associated with liver disease but, in combination, they produce an intensified risk of damage, with individuals from lower socio-economic status groups disproportionately affected. METHODS: We will conduct searches in MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed, PsycINFO, ERIC, ASSIA, Web of Knowledge (WoK), Scopus, CINAHL via EBSCO, LILACS, CENTRAL and ProQuest Dissertations and Theses for studies that assess targeted preventative interventions of any length of time or duration of follow-up that are focused on reducing unhealthy eating behaviour and linked risky alcohol use in 18-25-year-olds...
March 3, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28251287/nutrition-and-physical-activity-in-the-prevention-and-treatment-of-sarcopenia-systematic-review
#20
REVIEW
C Beaudart, A Dawson, S C Shaw, N C Harvey, J A Kanis, N Binkley, J Y Reginster, R Chapurlat, D C Chan, O Bruyère, R Rizzoli, C Cooper, E M Dennison
This systematic review summarizes the effect of combined exercise and nutrition intervention on muscle mass and muscle function. A total of 37 RCTs were identified. Results indicate that physical exercise has a positive impact on muscle mass and muscle function in subjects aged 65 years and older. However, any interactive effect of dietary supplementation appears to be limited. INTRODUCTION: In 2013, Denison et al. conducted a systematic review including 17 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) to explore the effect of combined exercise and nutrition intervention to improve muscle mass, muscle strength, or physical performance in older people...
March 1, 2017: Osteoporosis International
keyword
keyword
112655
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"