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Maternal depression

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28927014/green-space-and-depression-during-pregnancy-results-from-the-growing-up-in-new-zealand-study
#1
Vikram Nichani, Kim Dirks, Bruce Burns, Amy Bird, Cameron Grant
Background: Antenatal depression is an important contributor to poor maternal health experienced by some women. This study aimed to determine whether exposure to green space during pregnancy is associated with less depression, and whether this association is moderated by relevant factors, such as age, education, self-identified ethnicity, physical activity, residential rurality, and socioeconomic status. Methods: Health data were sourced from the cohort study "Growing Up in New Zealand" comprised of 6772 participants...
September 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28925341/physiological-attunement-in-mother-infant-dyads-at-clinical-high-risk-the-influence-of-maternal-depression-and-positive-parenting
#2
Cassandra L Hendrix, Zachary N Stowe, D Jeffrey Newport, Patricia A Brennan
A growing number of research studies have examined the intradyadic coregulation (or attunement) of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis functioning in mothers and their children. However, it is unclear how early this coregulation may be present in dyads at clinical high risk and whether certain factors, such as maternal depression or positive parenting, are associated with the strength of this coregulation. The present study examined cortisol attunement within mother-infant dyads in a high-risk sample of 233 mothers who received treatment for psychiatric illness during pregnancy and whose infants were 6 months old at the study visit...
September 19, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924493/evaluating-emotional-and-biological-sensitivity-to-maternal-behavior-among-self-injuring-and-depressed-adolescent-girls-using-nonlinear-dynamics
#3
Sheila E Crowell, Jonathan E Butner, Travis J Wiltshire, Ascher K Munion, Mona Yaptangco, Theodore P Beauchaine
High sensitivity and reactivity to behaviors of family members characterizes several forms of psychopathology, including self-inflicted injury (SII). We examined mother-daughter behavioral and psychophysiological reactivity during a conflict discussion using nonlinear dynamics to assess asymmetrical associations within time-series data. Depressed, SII, and control adolescents and their mothers participated (n=76 dyads). We expected that (1) mothers' evocative behaviors would affect behavioral and psychophysiological reactivity among depressed and, especially, SII adolescents, (2) adolescents' behaviors would not evoke mothers' behavioral or physiological reactivity, and (3) control teens and mothers would be less reactive, with no dynamic associations in either direction...
March 1, 2017: Clinical Psychological Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28918249/perinatal-depression-and-dna-methylation-of-oxytocin-related-genes-a-study-of-mothers-and-their-children
#4
Leonora King, Stephanie Robins, Gang Chen, Volodymyr Yerko, Yi Zhou, Corina Nagy, Nancy Feeley, Ian Gold, Barbara Hayton, Gustavo Turecki, Phyllis Zelkowitz
The present study investigated the association of perinatal depression (PD) with differential methylation of 3 genomic regions among mother and child dyads: exon 3 within the oxytocin receptor (OXTR) gene and 2 intergenic regions (IGR) between the oxytocin (OXT) and vasopressin (AVP) genes. Maternal PD was assessed at 5 time-points during pregnancy and postpartum. Four groups were established based on Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) cut-off scores: no PD, prenatal or postpartum depressive symptoms only and persistent PD (depressive symptoms both prenatally and postpartum)...
September 13, 2017: Hormones and Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917161/maternal-ssri-exposure-increases-the-risk-of-autistic-offspring-a-meta-analysis-and-systematic-review
#5
S Andalib, M R Emamhadi, S Yousefzadeh-Chabok, S K Shakouri, P F Høilund-Carlsen, M S Vafaee, T M Michel
BACKGROUND: Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most common antidepressants used to preclude maternal pregnancy depression. There is a growing body of literature assessing the association of prenatal exposure to SSRIs with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The present systematic review and meta-analysis reviewed the medical literature and pooled the results of the association of prenatal exposure to SSRIs with ASD. METHODS: Published investigations in English by June 2016 with keywords of selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors, SSRI, autism spectrum disorder, ASD, pregnancy, childhood, children, neurodevelopment were identified using databases PubMed and PMC, MEDLINE, EMBASE, SCOPUS, and Google Scholar...
June 20, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917088/depression-anxiety-ptsd-and-comorbidity-in-perinatal-women-in-turkey-a-longitudinal-population-based-study
#6
Pelin Dikmen-Yildiz, Susan Ayers, Louise Phillips
OBJECTIVE: (a) to assess prevalence of depression, anxiety and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and their comorbidity among women during the perinatal period (b) to examine course of those disorders from pregnancy to 6 months postpartum (c) to determine the rates of new-onset cases at 4-6 weeks and 6 months postpartum. DESIGN: A longitudinal population-based study in which participants completed psychosocial measures of depression, anxiety and PTSD in pregnancy (n = 950), 4-6 weeks (n = 858) and 6 months (n = 829) after birth...
September 6, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28916949/the-latina-birth-weight-paradox-the-role-of-subjective-social-status
#7
Jill Fleuriet, Thankam Sunil
The purpose of this project was to quantitatively test differences in subjective social status scores between non-pregnant and pregnant women to determine the role of subjective social status in birth weight variation between Mexico-born and US-born Mexican-American women. Six hundred low-income pregnant and non-pregnant Mexican immigrant and Mexican-American women in south Texas were surveyed for subjective social status, depression, perceived social stress, parity, and pregnancy intendedness. Psychosocial health variables, parity, and pregnancy intendedness were included due to their significant associations with low birth weight...
September 15, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28915376/psychometric-properties-of-the-postpartum-bonding-questionnaire-and-correlates-of-mother-infant-bonding-impairment-in-italian-new-mothers
#8
Alessandra Busonera, Stefania Cataudella, Jessica Lampis, Marco Tommasi, Giulio Cesare Zavattini
OBJECTIVE: impaired maternal bonding is a risk factor for problems with infant well-being and development. The investigation of perinatal variables related to disorders of the mother-infant relationship as well as the administration of reliable and valid screening tools to new mothers in the postpartum can help identify early signs of a disturbed mother-child relationship. The Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire (PBQ) has been shown to be a valid screening instrument, but its dimensional structure is still controversial...
September 1, 2017: Midwifery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905985/it-is-time-for-routine-screening-for-perinatal-mood-and-anxiety-disorders-in-obstetrics-and-gynecology-settings
#9
Eynav Elgavish Accortt, Melissa S Wong
Importance: Women are 2 to 3 times more likely than men to experience depression in their lifetime, and the greatest risk occurs during the reproductive years. As an obstetrics and gynecology physician or provider, you will likely encounter women who are at risk of development or relapse of a mental disorder during this vulnerable time. Objective: The aim of this review is to examine theory and research on mood and anxiety disorders during the perinatal period with an emphasis on screening recommendations...
September 2017: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28905111/maternal-depressive-symptoms-in-childhood-and-risky-behaviours-in-early-adolescence
#10
Eirini Flouri, Sofia Ioakeimidi
Longitudinal patterns of maternal depressive symptoms have yet to be linked to risky behaviours, such as substance use or violence, in early adolescence, when such behaviours may be particularly detrimental. This study was carried out to do this. Using data from the UK's Millennium Cohort Study, it modelled the effect of trajectories of maternal depressive symptoms at child ages 3, 5, 7 and 11 years on antisocial behaviour and delinquency at age 11 years (N = 12,494). It also explored their role in predicting moral judgement and attitudes to alcohol at age 11, important predictors of delinquent or antisocial behaviour and alcohol use, respectively...
September 13, 2017: European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28904511/the-fantasmatic-and-imaginary-child-of-the-pregnant-woman
#11
Simone Setterberg
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is a period of transition, which makes women more vulnerable and in unfavorable conditions may lead to psychopathology in both mother and infant. It is essential to outline factors adversely affecting the resolution of this period. Early interventions and why they matter: Interventions during pregnancy can provide important improvement in the outcome for both maternal and infant mental health. AIM: The aim of the study is to evaluate the risk factors of antenatal anxiety and depression focusing particularly on maternal representations of the relationship towards the fetus and her own parents during pregnancy and the early postpartum period...
June 25, 2017: Shanghai Archives of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28900745/systematic-review-on-maternal-depression-versus-anxiety-in-relation-to-excessive-infant-crying-it-is-all-about-the-timing
#12
REVIEW
Johanna Petzoldt
Different types of studies suggest a link between maternal depression/anxiety and excessive infant crying (EC). However, comparability is hampered due to different designs, definitions and measurements. This systematic review investigates the specific role of maternal depression and anxiety considering them as preceding, concurrent and subsequent conditions of EC. A computerised literature search was conducted in January 2017 using Medline, PubMed, PsycINFO and Web of Science. After screening n = 399 records for inclusion/exclusion criteria, n = 33 records based on n = 30 projects were eligible for systematic qualitative data synthesis...
September 13, 2017: Archives of Women's Mental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899439/psychological-morbidity-and-parenting-stress-in-mothers-of-primary-school-children-by-timing-of-acquisition-of-hiv-infection-a-longitudinal-cohort-study-in-rural-south-africa
#13
T J Rochat, B Houle, A Stein, R M Pearson, M L Newell, R M Bland
Longitudinal maternal mental health data are needed from high HIV prevalence settings. The Siyakhula Cohort (SC) is a population-based cohort of HIV-positive and negative mothers (n=1506) with HIV-negative children (n=1536) from rural South Africa. SC includes 767 HIV-negative mothers; 465 HIV-positive in pregnancy; 272 HIV-positive since pregnancy (n=2 missing HIV status). A subgroup (n=890) participated in a non-randomized breastfeeding intervention [Vertical Transmission Study (VTS)]; the remaining (n=616) were resident in the same area and received antenatal care at the time of the VTS, but were not part of the VTS, instead receiving the standard of care Prevention of Mother-to-Child Transmission (PMTCT) Programme...
September 13, 2017: Journal of Developmental Origins of Health and Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28894112/perinatal-malnutrition-leads-to-sexually-dimorphic-behavioral-responses-with-associated-epigenetic-changes-in-the-mouse-brain
#14
Daniel Nätt, Riccardo Barchiesi, Josef Murad, Jian Feng, Eric J Nestler, Frances A Champagne, Annika Thorsell
Childhood malnutrition is a risk factor for mental disorders, such as major depression and anxiety. Evidence shows that similar early life adversities induce sex-dependent epigenetic reprogramming. However, little is known about how genes are specifically affected by early malnutrition and the implications for males and females respectively. One relevant target is neuropeptide Y (NPY), which regulates both stress and food-intake. We studied maternal low protein diet (LPD) during pregnancy/lactation in mice...
September 11, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893381/the-association-between-prenatal-stress-and%C3%A2-externalizing-symptoms-in-childhood-evidence-from-the-avon-longitudinal-study-of%C3%A2-parents-and-children
#15
Nathalie MacKinnon, Mila Kingsbury, Liam Mahedy, Jonathan Evans, Ian Colman
BACKGROUND: It has been suggested that prenatal maternal stress may increase the risk of childhood externalizing disorders, yet no large cohort study has investigated this association across a large range of acute stressors. Our objective was to estimate the association between prenatal stressful events and risk of offspring conduct disorder and hyperactivity. METHODS: We used data from 10,184 mother-offspring pairs from the United Kingdom-based Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
July 27, 2017: Biological Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889814/distinguishing-postpartum-and-antepartum-depressive-trajectories-in-a-large-population-based-cohort-the-impact-of-exposure-to-adversity-and-offspring-gender
#16
C A Denckla, A D Mancini, N S Consedine, S M Milanovic, A Basu, S Seedat, G Spies, D C Henderson, G A Bonanno, K C Koenen
BACKGROUND: Distinguishing temporal patterns of depressive symptoms during pregnancy and after childbirth has important clinical implications for diagnosis, treatment, and maternal and child outcomes. The primary aim of the present study was to distinguish patterns of chronically elevated levels of depressive symptoms v. trajectories that are either elevated during pregnancy but then remit after childbirth, v. patterns that increase after childbirth. METHODS: The report uses latent growth mixture modeling in a large, population-based cohort (N = 12 121) to investigate temporal patterns of depressive symptoms...
September 11, 2017: Psychological Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888919/patterns-of-perinatal-depression-and-stress-in-late-adolescent-and-young-adult-mothers
#17
Rosamar Torres, Deepika Goyal, Amanda C Burke-Aaronson, Caryl L Gay, Kathryn A Lee
OBJECTIVE: To compare symptoms of depression, maternal adjustment, and perceived stress in late adolescent and young adult mothers and to examine the patterns of these symptoms during the first 3 months after birth. DESIGN: Secondary analysis of extant longitudinal data. SETTING: San Francisco Bay Area, with participants in their home environments. PARTICIPANTS: Ethnically diverse women expecting their first infants recruited during the third trimester from childbirth education classes and antenatal clinics...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888562/timing-and-chronicity-of-maternal-depression-symptoms-and-children-s-verbal-abilities
#18
Marilyn N Ahun, Marie-Claude Geoffroy, Catherine M Herba, Mara Brendgen, Jean R Séguin, Anne-Laure Sutter-Dallay, Michel Boivin, Richard E Tremblay, Sylvana M Côté
OBJECTIVE: To test the associations between the timing and chronicity of maternal depression symptoms (MDS) and children's long-term verbal abilities. STUDY DESIGN: Participants were 1073 mother-child pairs from a population-based birth cohort in Canada. MDS were assessed at ages 5 months, 1.5, 3.5, and 5 years using the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale. Verbal abilities were measured at 5, 6, and 10 years using the Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Revised (PPVT-R)...
September 6, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887030/association-of-picky-eating-with-weight-status-and-dietary-quality-among-low-income-preschoolers
#19
Callie L Brown, Eliana M Perrin, Karen E Peterson, Holly E Brophy Herb, Mildred A Horodynski, Dawn Contreras, Alison L Miller, Danielle P Appugliese, Sarah C Ball, Julie C Lumeng
BACKGROUND: Picky eating is common in children. Few studies have examined predictors of picky eating, and the association of picky eating with weight status and dietary quality is inconsistent in prior literature. We aimed to identify predictors of picky eating and to test the association of picky eating with child body mass index z-score (BMIz), dietary quality, and micronutrient intake. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional analysis of baseline data from a randomized controlled trial to prevent obesity among 506 preschoolers attending Head Start...
September 5, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886447/early-life-experience-contributes-to-the-developmental-programming-of-depressive-like-behaviour-neuroinflammation-and-oxidative-stress
#20
Gislaine Z Réus, Gabrielly C Fernandes, Airam B de Moura, Ritele H Silva, Ana Caroline Darabas, Thays G de Souza, Helena M Abelaira, Celso Carneiro, Diogo Wendhausen, Monique Michels, Bruna Pescador, Felipe Dal-Pizzol, Danielle S Macêdo, João Quevedo
This study used an animal model of depression induced by maternal care deprivation (MCD) to investigate whether depressive behaviour, neuroinflammation and oxidative stress were underlying factors in developmental programming after early life stress. At postnatal days (PND) 20, 30, 40, and 60, individual subsets of animals were evaluated in behavioural tests and then euthanized to assess cytokine levels and oxidative stress parameters in the prefrontal cortex (PFC), hippocampus and serum. The results showed that MCD did not induce behavioural changes at PND 30 and 40...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
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