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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29149316/use-of-information-and-communication-technologies-in-the-formal-and-informal-health-system-responses-to-the-2015-nepal-earthquakes
#1
Olivia Crane, Julie Balen, Bhimsen Devkota, Sudha Ghimire, Simon Rushton
Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) are increasingly recognized for their potential contributions to health service delivery in Low-and Middle-Income Countries (LMICs). As well as playing a role in improving the provision of health services under everyday 'normal' circumstances, ICTs can also be important in preparing for, mitigating, responding to and recovering from disasters. This research explores the use of ICTs in a natural disaster situation in Nepal, a country affected by a series of strong earthquakes in 2015...
November 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29148114/on-the-character-and-production-of-active-participation-in-neuro-rehabilitation-an-actor-network-perspective
#2
Simon Horton, Kathryn Mares, Neil Coull, Fiona Poland
The importance of patients' active involvement in neuro-rehabilitation after acquired brain injury has been consistently emphasised in recent years. However, most approaches fail to show how 'active participation' is practically enacted, focusing on individualised explanations of patient choice and behaviours, or notions of inherent patient traits. Using actor-network theory (ANT) as a sensitising concept, we investigated neuro-rehabilitation practices, asking how participation is shaped through biological and socio-material specificities, how rights to knowledge and expertise are constructed, and how a body acclimatises and adjusts within an order of participation and transformation...
November 2017: Sociology of Health & Illness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29145803/unraveling-the-evolution-and-coevolution-of-small-regulatory-rnas-and-coding-genes-in-listeria
#3
Franck Cerutti, Ludovic Mallet, Anaïs Painset, Claire Hoede, Annick Moisan, Christophe Bécavin, Mélodie Duval, Olivier Dussurget, Pascale Cossart, Christine Gaspin, Hélène Chiapello
BACKGROUND: Small regulatory RNAs (sRNAs) are widely found in bacteria and play key roles in many important physiological and adaptation processes. Studying their evolution and screening for events of coevolution with other genomic features is a powerful way to better understand their origin and assess a common functional or adaptive relationship between them. However, evolution and coevolution of sRNAs with coding genes have been sparsely investigated in bacterial pathogens. RESULTS: We designed a robust and generic phylogenomics approach that detects correlated evolution between sRNAs and protein-coding genes using their observed and inferred patterns of presence-absence in a set of annotated genomes...
November 16, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132778/discourse-coalitions-in-swiss-waste-management-gridlock-or-winds-of-change
#4
Mert Duygan, Michael Stauffacher, Grégoire Meylan
As a complex socio-technical system, waste management is crucially important for the sustainable management of material and energy flows. Transition to better performing waste management systems requires not only determining what needs to be changed but also finding out how this change can be realized. Without understanding the political context, insights from decision support tools such as life cycle assessment (LCA) are likely to be lost in translation to decision and policy making. This study strives to provide a first insight into the political context and address the opportunities and barriers pertinent to initiating a change in Swiss waste management...
November 10, 2017: Waste Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125942/conditions-for-addressing-environmental-determinants-of-health-behavior-in-intersectoral-policy-networks-a-fuzzy-set-qualitative-comparative-analysis
#5
D T J M Peters, S Verweij, K Grêaux, K Stronks, J Harting
Improving health requires changes in the social, physical, economic and political determinants of health behavior. For the realization of policies that address these environmental determinants, intersectoral policy networks are considered necessary for the pooling of resources to implement different policy instruments. However, such network diversity may increase network complexity and therefore hamper network performance. Network complexity may be reduced by network management and the provision of financial resources...
September 1, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106512/interventions-and-approaches-to-integrating-hiv-and-mental-health-services-a-systematic-review
#6
Fiona Leh Hoon Chuah, Victoria Elizabeth Haldane, Francisco Cervero-Liceras, Suan Ee Ong, Louise A Sigfrid, Georgina Murphy, Nicola Watt, Dina Balabanova, Sue Hogarth, Will Maimaris, Laura Otero, Kent Buse, Martin McKee, Peter Piot, Pablo Perel, Helena Legido-Quigley
Background: The frequency in which HIV and AIDS and mental health problems co-exist, and the complex bi-directional relationship between them, highlights the need for effective care models combining services for HIV and mental health. Here, we present a systematic review that synthesizes the literature on interventions and approaches integrating these services. Methods: This review was part of a larger systematic review on integration of services for HIV and non-communicable diseases...
July 5, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096148/power-structure-among-the-actors-of-financial-support-to-the-poor-to-access-health-services-social-network-analysis-approach
#7
Manal Etemadi, Hasan Abolghasem Gorji, Hannaneh Mohammadi Kangarani, Kioomars Ashtarian
The extent of universal health coverage in terms of financial protection is worrisome in Iran. There are challenges in health policies to guarantee financial accessibility to health services, especially for poor people. Various institutions offer support to ensure that the poor have financial access to health services. The aim of this study is to investigate the relationship network among the institutions active in this field. This study is a policy document analysis. It evaluates the country's legal documents in the field of financial support to the poor for healthcare after the Islamic Revolution in Iran...
October 30, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29077017/trail-based-search-for-efficient-event-report-to-mobile-actors-in-wireless-sensor-and-actor-networks
#8
Zhezhuang Xu, Guanglun Liu, Haotian Yan, Bin Cheng, Feilong Lin
In wireless sensor and actor networks, when an event is detected, the sensor node needs to transmit an event report to inform the actor. Since the actor moves in the network to execute missions, its location is always unavailable to the sensor nodes. A popular solution is the search strategy that can forward the data to a node without its location information. However, most existing works have not considered the mobility of the node, and thus generate significant energy consumption or transmission delay. In this paper, we propose the trail-based search (TS) strategy that takes advantage of actor's mobility to improve the search efficiency...
October 27, 2017: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075199/brain-ceramide-metabolism-in-the-control-of-energy-balance
#9
REVIEW
Céline Cruciani-Guglielmacci, Miguel López, Mélanie Campana, Hervé le Stunff
The regulation of energy balance by the central nervous system (CNS) is a key actor of energy homeostasis in mammals, and deregulations of the fine mechanisms of nutrient sensing in the brain could lead to several metabolic diseases such as obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D). Indeed, while neuronal activity primarily relies on glucose (lactate, pyruvate), the brain expresses at high level enzymes responsible for the transport, utilization and storage of lipids. It has been demonstrated that discrete neuronal networks in the hypothalamus have the ability to detect variation of circulating long chain fatty acids (FA) to regulate food intake and peripheral glucose metabolism...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29064035/-patient-sharing-networks-new-approaches-in-the-analysis-and-transformation-of-geographic-variation-in-healthcare
#10
REVIEW
Dominik von Stillfried, Tatiana Ermakova, Frank Ng, Thomas Czihal
The analysis of geographic variations has spurred arguments that area of residence determines access to and quality of healthcare. In this paper we argue that unwarranted geographic variations can be traced back to actions of individual patients and their healthcare providers (doctors, hospitals). These actors interact in a complicated web of shared responsibilities. Designing effective interventions to reduce unwarranted geographic variations may therefore depend on methods to identify these interactions and communities of providers with a shared accountability...
October 24, 2017: Bundesgesundheitsblatt, Gesundheitsforschung, Gesundheitsschutz
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046737/between-the-west-and-asia-humanistic-japanese-family-planning-in-the-cold-war
#11
Aya Homei
This paper studies the formation of Japanese ventures in family planning deployed in various villages in Asia from the 1960s onward in the name of development aid. By critically examining how Asia became the priority area for Japan's international cooperation in family planning and by analyzing how the adjective "humanistic" was used to underscore the originality of Japan's family planning program overseas, the paper shows that visions of Japanese actors were directly informed by Japan's delicate position in Cold War geopolitics, between the imagined West represented by the United States and "underdeveloped" Asia, at a time when Japan was striving to (re-)establish its position in world politics and economics...
December 2016: East Asian Science, Technology and Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29046619/eigenvector-based-centrality-measures-for-temporal-networks
#12
Dane Taylor, Sean A Myers, Aaron Clauset, Mason A Porter, Peter J Mucha
Numerous centrality measures have been developed to quantify the importances of nodes in time-independent networks, and many of them can be expressed as the leading eigenvector of some matrix. With the increasing availability of network data that changes in time, it is important to extend such eigenvector-based centrality measures to time-dependent networks. In this paper, we introduce a principled generalization of network centrality measures that is valid for any eigenvector-based centrality. We consider a temporal network with N nodes as a sequence of T layers that describe the network during different time windows, and we couple centrality matrices for the layers into a supra-centrality matrix of size NT × NT whose dominant eigenvector gives the centrality of each node i at each time t...
2017: Multiscale Modeling & Simulation: a SIAM Interdisciplinary Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042844/designing-a-care-pathway-model-a-case-study-of-the-outpatient-total-hip-arthroplasty-care-pathway
#13
Robin I Oosterholt, Lianne Wl Simonse, Stella U Boess, Stephan Bw Vehmeijer
INTRODUCTION: Although the clinical attributes of total hip arthroplasty (THA) care pathways have been thoroughly researched, a detailed understanding of the equally important organisational attributes is still lacking. The aim of this article is to contribute with a model of the outpatient THA care pathway that depicts how the care team should be organised to enable patient discharge on the day of surgery. THEORY: The outpatient THA care pathway enables patients to be discharged on the day of surgery, shortening the length of stay and intensifying the provision and organisation of care...
March 9, 2017: International Journal of Integrated Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29042602/the-optimal-window-size-for-analysing-longitudinal-networks
#14
Shahadat Uddin, Nazim Choudhury, Sardar M Farhad, Md Towfiqur Rahman
The time interval between two snapshots is referred to as the window size. A given longitudinal network can be analysed from various actor-level perspectives, such as exploring how actors change their degree centrality values or participation statistics over time. Determining the optimal window size for the analysis of a given longitudinal network from different actor-level perspectives is a well-researched network science problem. Many researchers have attempted to develop a solution to this problem by considering different approaches; however, to date, no comprehensive and well-acknowledged solution that can be applied to various longitudinal networks has been found...
October 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040504/implementing-multiple-intervention-strategies-in-dutch-public-health-related-policy-networks
#15
Janneke Harting, Dorothee Peters, Kimberly Grêaux, Patricia van Assema, Stefan Verweij, Karien Stronks, Erik-Hans Klijn
Improving public health requires multiple intervention strategies. Implementing such an intervention mix is supposed to require a multisectoral policy network. As evidence to support this assumption is scarce, we examined under which conditions public health-related policy networks were able to implement an intervention mix. Data were collected (2009-14) from 29 Dutch public health policy networks. Surveys were used to identify the number of policy sectors, participation of actors, level of trust, networking by the project leader, and intervention strategies implemented...
October 13, 2017: Health Promotion International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040476/national-responses-to-global-health-targets-exploring-policy-transfer-in-the-context-of-the-unaids-90-90-90-treatment-targets-in-ghana-and-uganda
#16
Ellen McRobie, Fred Matovu, Aisha Nanyiti, Justice Nonvignon, Daniel Nana Yaw Abankwah, Kelsey K Case, Timothy B Hallett, Johanna Hanefeld, Lesong Conteh
Global health organizations frequently set disease-specific targets with the goal of eliciting adoption at the national-level; consideration of the influence of target setting on national policies, programme and health budgets is of benefit to those setting targets and those intended to respond. In 2014, the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS set 'ambitious' treatment targets for country adoption: 90% of HIV-positive persons should know their status; 90% of those on treatment; 90% of those achieving viral suppression...
October 11, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039374/the-meaning-of-patient-empowerment-in-the-digital-age-the-role-of-online-patient-communities
#17
Eugenia Lamas, Rodrigo Salinas, Carla Coquedano, Marie-Pierre Simon, Cedric Bousquet, Marcela Ferrer, Sergio Zorrilla
Traditionally, patient empowerment has been used as a strategy for health promotion. The rise of online communities of patients represents a good example of how patient empowerment occurs, independently of the intervention of existing healthcare providers and insurers, allowing thus a more accurate definition of meaning of this concept. We describe two situations related with the development of health-related social networks: (1) The emergence of a new biomedical research model in which patients lead research, shifting the equilibrium of power from the professionals to research subjects themselves, and (2) The emergence of Lay Crowd-Sourced Expertise in these communities, arising from the daily exchange among patients affected by chronic conditions and their relatives, giving place to a new era of bottom-up data generation, previously unknown in biomedical sciences...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29037182/ideas-actors-and-institutions-lessons-from-south-australian-health-in-all-policies-on-what-encourages-other-sectors-involvement
#18
Fran Baum, Toni Delany-Crowe, Colin MacDougall, Angela Lawless, Helen van Eyk, Carmel Williams
BACKGROUND: This paper examines the extent to which actors from sectors other than health engaged with the South Australian Health in All Policies (HiAP) initiative, determines why they were prepared to do so and explains the mechanisms by which successful engagement happened. This examination applies theories of policy development and implementation. METHODS: The paper draws on a five year study of the implementation of HiAP comprising document analysis, a log of key events, detailed interviews with 64 policy actors and two surveys of public servants...
October 16, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036453/heath-sector-network-governance-and-state-building-in-south-kivu-democratic-republic-of-congo
#19
Aembe Bwimana
Longstanding patterns of interaction exist between state and non-state actors seeking to improve public health in Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). DRC is a weak state, and, in many cases, private actors have stepped in to fill the void created by the lack of state health care provision. However, the role of these interactions in creating a governance network in the health sector has been underexplored. Using data from 18 months of qualitative field research, this study aimed to explore governance networks in DRC's health sector, examining how multiple stakeholders work to manage the health system and how the resulting governance network has been relevant for the state-building process...
December 1, 2017: Health Policy and Planning
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29034663/-anthropology-engaged-against-ebola-2014-2016-approaches-contributions-and-new-questions
#20
Alice Desclaux, Julienne Anoko
Anthropologists contributed to the response to the 2014-2016 Ebola outbreak in three ways : as Ebola experts, cultural mediators between populations and caregivers, and researchers. This article presents a preliminary review of approaches, contributions and related issues based on a literature review, case studies and debates. The anthropological research discussed in this article concerns four themes : epidemiological contexts of transmission ; cultural interpretation of illness and social responses ; social construction of stakeholders' experience ; critical analysis of public health interventions...
October 2, 2017: Santé Publique: Revue Multidisciplinaire Pour la Recherche et L'action
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