keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

actor network theory or actor-network

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28801035/-creation-of-a-complete-organised-care-network-allowing-facilitated-access-to-ophthalmological-care-for-patients-living-in-socially-at-risk-situations-feasibility-study
#1
S Terrier de la Chaise, A Criton, J-P Berrod, J-M Boivin
BACKGROUND: Currently, renouncement to healthcare by socially "at-risk" patients continues to increase and access to ophthalmological care is complex. The main objective of this study is to test the feasibility of a complete organised care network allowing facilitated access to ophthalmological care for patients living in socially "at-risk" situations. METHOD: A prospective interventional study was conducted within four social housing infrastructures to screen for vision problems in the "at-risk" socially population in question...
August 8, 2017: Journal Français D'ophtalmologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28782460/horticulture-in-portugal-1850-1900-the-role-of-science-and-public-utility-in-shaping-knowledge
#2
Ana Duarte Rodrigues, Ana Simões
In this paper, we address the emergence of horticultural practice, agents, spaces and institutions in the two urban settings of Lisbon and Porto, in Portugal, during the second half of the nineteenth century. We do so by following the networking activities of two players: the self-made horticulturist and entrepreneur José Marques Loureiro, who created, in Porto, a commercial horticultural establishment and founded the Journal of Practical Horticulture; and the agronomist Francisco Simões Margiochi, head of the gardens and green grounds department of the municipality, who created the first course on gardening and horticulture, and founded the Royal Horticultural Society, both in Lisbon...
August 7, 2017: Annals of Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28779869/functional-integration-of-complex-mirna-networks-in-central-and-peripheral-lesion-and-axonal-regeneration
#3
REVIEW
M Ghibaudi, M Boido, A Vercelli
New players are emerging in the game of peripheral and central nervous system injury since their physiopathological mechanisms remain partially elusive. These mechanisms are characterized by several molecules whose activation and/or modification following a trauma is often controlled at transcriptional level. In this scenario, microRNAs (miRNAs/miRs) have been identified as main actors in coordinating important molecular pathways in nerve or spinal cord injury (SCI). miRNAs are small non-coding RNAs whose functionality at network level is now emerging as a new level of complexity...
August 2, 2017: Progress in Neurobiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767958/strategic-factors-for-the-sustainability-of-a-health-intervention-at-municipal-level-of-brazil
#4
Sydia Rosana de Araujo Oliveira, Maria Guadalupe Medina, Ana Cláudia Figueiró, Louise Potvin
The present study aims to describe the evolution of an intervention, using a methodology that adopts the critical event as the unit of analysis, and to identify strategic factors that facilitate the continuation of the interventions. Six critical events were identified: dispute care models for health; area of advice: dispute field; change policy; break of interorganizational relations; lack of physical structure and turnover of staff; difficulty in organizing practices in the work process. these are developed into strategic factors: enabling network of allies; meetings and educational activities/building capacity; benefits perceived by community members; mobilization of key actors; intervention's compatibility with the government's vision; restoration of interrelationship; and stability of the workforce...
July 27, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764720/setting-performance-based-financing-in-the-health-sector-agenda-a-case-study-in-cameroon
#5
Isidore Sieleunou, Anne-Marie Turcotte-Tremblay, Jean-Claude Taptué Fotso, Denise Magne Tamga, Habakkuk Azinyui Yumo, Estelle Kouokam, Valery Ridde
BACKGROUND: More than 30 countries in sub-Saharan Africa have introduced performance-based financing (PBF) in their healthcare systems. Yet, there has been little research on the process by which PBF was put on the national policy agenda in Africa. This study examines the policy process behind the introduction of PBF program in Cameroon. METHODS: The research is an explanatory case study using the Kingdon multiple streams framework. We conducted a document review and 25 interviews with various types of actors involved in the policy process...
August 1, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28747207/lessons-learnt-from-the-magnet-malawian-german-hospital-partnership-the-german-perspective-on-contributions-to-patient-care-and-capacity-development
#6
Florian Neuhann, Sandra Barteit
BACKGROUND: Malawi is a low-income country with one of the highest HIV prevalence rates worldwide (Kendig et al., Trop Med Health 41:163-170, 2013). The health system depends largely on external funding. Official German development aid has supported health care in Malawi for many years (German Embassy Lilongwe, The German Development Cooperation in Malawi), including placing medical doctors in various departments of the Kamuzu Central Hospital (KCH) in Lilongwe. In 2008, a hospital partnership called MAGNET (Malawi German Networking for Capacity Building in Treatment, Training and Research at KCH) evolved as part of the German ESTHER network...
July 26, 2017: Globalization and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28743794/can-t-see-the-woods-for-the-trees-exploring-the-range-and-connection-of-tobacco-industry-argumentation-in-the-2012-uk-standardised-packaging-consultation
#7
Jessamina Lih Yan Lie, Gary Fooks, Nanne K de Vries, Suzanne M Heijndijk, Marc C Willemsen
INTRODUCTION: Transnational tobacco company (TTC) submissions to the 2012 UK standardised packaging consultation are studied to examine TTC argumentation in the context of Better Regulation practices. METHODS: A content analysis was conducted of Philip Morris International and British American Tobacco submissions to the 2012 UK consultation. Industry arguments concerning expected costs and (contested) benefits of the policy were categorised into themes and frames...
July 25, 2017: Tobacco Control
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721199/evidence-informed-capacity-building-for-setting-health-priorities-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-a-framework-and-recommendations-for-further-research
#8
Ryan Li, Francis Ruiz, Anthony J Culyer, Kalipso Chalkidou, Karen J Hofman
Priority-setting in health is risky and challenging, particularly in resource-constrained settings. It is not simply a narrow technical exercise, and involves the mobilisation of a wide range of capacities among stakeholders - not only the technical capacity to "do" research in economic evaluations. Using the Individuals, Nodes, Networks and Environment (INNE) framework, we identify those stakeholders, whose capacity needs will vary along the evidence-to-policy continuum. Policymakers and healthcare managers require the capacity to commission and use relevant evidence (including evidence of clinical and cost-effectiveness, and of social values); academics need to understand and respond to decision-makers' needs to produce relevant research...
2017: F1000Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718405/rna-binding-proteins-in-cancer-old-players-and-new-actors
#9
REVIEW
Bruno Pereira, Marc Billaud, Raquel Almeida
RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) are key players in post-transcriptional events. The combination of versatility of their RNA-binding domains with structural flexibility enables RBPs to control the metabolism of a large array of transcripts. Perturbations in RBP-RNA networks activity have been causally associated with cancer development, but the rational framework describing these contributions remains fragmented. We review here the evidence that RBPs modulate multiple cancer traits, emphasize their functional diversity, and assess future trends in the study of RBPs in cancer...
July 2017: Trends in Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715673/activity-level-dna-evidence-evaluation-on-propositions-addressing-the-actor-or-the-activity
#10
Bas Kokshoorn, Bart J Blankers, Jacob de Zoete, Charles E H Berger
More often than not, the source of DNA traces found at a crime scene is not disputed, but the activity or timing of events that resulted in their transfer is. As a consequence, practitioners are increasingly asked to assign a value to DNA evidence given propositions about activities provided by prosecution and defense counsel. Given that the dispute concerns the nature of the activity that took place or the identity of the actor that carried out the activity, several factors will determine how to formulate the propositions...
July 3, 2017: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714325/actor-network-theory-and-micro-learning-networks
#11
Alex Harding
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 16, 2017: Education for Primary Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687532/studying-scale-up-and-spread-as-social-practice-theoretical-introduction-and-empirical-case-study
#12
James Shaw, Sara Shaw, Joseph Wherton, Gemma Hughes, Trisha Greenhalgh
BACKGROUND: Health and care technologies often succeed on a small scale but fail to achieve widespread use (scale-up) or become routine practice in other settings (spread). One reason for this is under-theorization of the process of scale-up and spread, for which a potentially fruitful theoretical approach is to consider the adoption and use of technologies as social practices. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to use an in-depth case study of assisted living to explore the feasibility and usefulness of a social practice approach to explaining the scale-up of an assisted-living technology across a local system of health and social care...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Medical Internet Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685669/understanding-how-domestic-health-policy-is-integrated-into-foreign-policy-in-south-africa-a-case-for-accelerating-access-to-antiretroviral-medicines
#13
Simon Moeketsi Modisenyane, Stephen James Heinrich Hendricks, Harvey Fineberg
BACKGROUND: South Africa, as an emerging middle-income country, is becoming increasingly influential in global health diplomacy (GHD). However, little empirical research has been conducted to inform arguments for the integration of domestic health into foreign policy by state and non-state actors. This study seeks to address this knowledge gap. It takes the form of an empirical case study which analyses how South Africa integrates domestic health into its foreign policy, using the lens of access to antiretroviral (ARV) medicines...
2017: Global Health Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675136/policy-content-and-stakeholder-network-analysis-for-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-india
#14
Seema Puri, Sylvia Fernandez, Amrita Puranik, Deepika Anand, Abhay Gaidhane, Zahiruddin Quazi Syed, Archana Patel, Shahadat Uddin, Anne Marie Thow
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators in India have improved. However, poor IYCF practices are still apparent, associated with pervasive high rates of child under-nutrition. Interventions to improve IYCF need augmentation by appropriate policy support to consolidate gains. The aim of this study was to identify opportunities to strengthen and support IYCF policies through a policy content and stakeholder network analysis. METHODS: IYCF policies and guidelines were systematically mapped and coded using predetermined themes...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675134/overview-of-the-infant-and-young-child-feeding-policy-environment-in-pakistan-federal-sindh-and-punjab-context
#15
Hana Mahmood, Yasmeen Suleman, Tabish Hazir, Durre Samin Akram, Shahadat Uddin, Michael J Dibley, Saleem Abassi, Amara Shakeel, Narjis Kazmi, Anne Marie Thow
BACKGROUND: Appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) practices have been identified as important for appropriate child growth and development. (Ministry of Planning and Development, Ministry of National Health Services, Regulations and Coordination (2012)) Children in Pakistan still experience high rates of malnutrition, indicating a likely need for stronger IYCF policy. The purpose of this study was to identify major stakeholders who shape the IYCF policy environment and analyze which policies protect, promote and support IYCF practices, either directly or indirectly...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675133/policy-content-and-stakeholder-network-analysis-for-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-nepal
#16
Sumit Karn, Madhu Dixit Devkota, Shahadat Uddin, Anne Marie Thow
BACKGROUND: Despite concerted effort from government and partners, Nepal continues to have a high burden of under nutrition among children. Identifying opportunities to strengthen policy support for infant and young child feeding (IYCF) is a key component to improve child survival, growth and development. This study aims to explore policy support for IYCF and to identify the influential stakeholders for IYCF for effective future policy development and programmatic action. METHODS: Policies relevant to IYCF were identified through web searches and direct approaches to relevant government ministries...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675132/policy-and-stakeholder-analysis-of-infant-and-young-child-feeding-programmes-in-sri-lanka
#17
Sanjeeva S P Godakandage, Upul Senarath, Hiranya S Jayawickrama, Indika Siriwardena, S W A D A Wickramasinghe, Prasantha Arumapperuma, Sathyajith Ihalagama, Srisothinathan Nimalan, Ramanathan Archchuna, Claudio Umesh, Shahadat Uddin, Anne Marie Thow
BACKGROUND: Infant and young child feeding practices (IYCF) play a critical role in growth and development of children. A favourable environment supported by appropriate policies and positive contributions from all stakeholders are prerequisites for achieving optimal IYCF practices. This study aimed to assess the IYCF-related policy environment and role of stakeholders in policy making in Sri Lanka, in order to identify opportunities to strengthen the policy environment to better support appropriate IYCF and reduce childhood malnutrition...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675131/changes-in-the-policy-environment-for-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-vietnam-bangladesh-and-ethiopia-and-the-role-of-targeted-advocacy
#18
Jody Harris, Edward A Frongillo, Phuong H Nguyen, Sunny S Kim, Purnima Menon
BACKGROUND: There is limited literature examining shifts in policy environments for nutrition and infant and young child feeding (IYCF) over time, and on the potential contribution of targeted advocacy to improved policy environments in low- and middle-income countries. This study tracked changes in the policy environment over a four-year period in three countries, and examined the role of targeted nutrition and IYCF advocacy strategies by a global initiative. METHODS: Qualitative methods, including key informant interviews, social network mapping, document and literature review, and event tracking, were used to gather data on nutrition and IYCF policies and programs, actor networks, and perceptions and salience of nutrition as an issue in 2010 and 2014 in Bangladesh, Ethiopia, and Vietnam...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675130/analysis-of-stakeholders-networks-of-infant-and-young-child-nutrition-programmes-in-sri-lanka-india-nepal-bangladesh-and-pakistan
#19
Shahadat Uddin, Hana Mahmood, Upul Senarath, Quazi Zahiruddin, Sumit Karn, Sabrina Rasheed, Michael Dibley
BACKGROUND: Effective public policies are needed to support appropriate infant and young child feeding (IYCF) to ensure adequate child growth and development, especially in low and middle income countries. The aim of this study was to: (i) capture stakeholder networks in relation to funding and technical support for IYCF policy across five countries in South Asia (i.e. Sri Lanka, India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Pakistan); and (ii) understand how stakeholder networks differed between countries, and identify common actors and their patterns in network engagement across the region...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674005/spontaneous-fine-tuning-to-environment-in-many-species-chemical-reaction-networks
#20
Jordan M Horowitz, Jeremy L England
A chemical mixture that continually absorbs work from its environment may exhibit steady-state chemical concentrations that deviate from their equilibrium values. Such behavior is particularly interesting in a scenario where the environmental work sources are relatively difficult to access, so that only the proper orchestration of many distinct catalytic actors can power the dissipative flux required to maintain a stable, far-from-equilibrium steady state. In this article, we study the dynamics of an in silico chemical network with random connectivity in an environment that makes strong thermodynamic forcing available only to rare combinations of chemical concentrations...
July 18, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
keyword
keyword
112647
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"