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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29351566/patterns-in-reef-fish-assemblages-insights-from-the-chagos-archipelago
#1
Melita Samoilys, Ronan Roche, Heather Koldewey, John Turner
Understanding the drivers of variability in the composition of fish assemblages across the Indo-Pacific region is crucial to support coral reef ecosystem resilience. Whilst numerous relationships and feedback mechanisms between the functional roles of coral reef fishes and reef benthic composition have been investigated, certain key groups, such as the herbivores, are widely suggested to maintain reefs in a coral-dominated state. Examining links between fishes and reef benthos is complicated by the interactions between natural processes, disturbance events and anthropogenic impacts, particularly fishing pressure...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29350139/echinococcus-spp-tapeworms-in-north-america
#2
Jacey Roche Cerda, Danielle Elise Buttke, Lora Rickard Ballweber
Alveolar and cystic echinococcosis are emerging and reemerging in Europe, Africa, and Asia. The expansion of Echinococcus spp. tapeworms in wildlife host reservoirs appears to be driving this emergence in some areas. Recent studies suggest a similar phenomenon may be occurring in North America. We describe the context of Echinococcus spp. research in North America, with a specific focus on the contiguous United States. Although studies were conducted in the United States throughout the 1900s on various sylvatic and domestic Echinococcus spp...
February 2018: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349868/workplace-alcohol-harm-reduction-intervention-in-australia-cluster-non-randomised-controlled-trial
#3
Ken Pidd, Ann Roche, Jacqui Cameron, Nicole Lee, Linda Jenner, Vinita Duraisingam
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: The workplace holds substantial potential as an alcohol harm reduction and prevention setting. Few studies have rigorously examined strategies to reduce workplace alcohol-related harm. Hence, an in-situ 3 year trial of a comprehensive alcohol harm reduction intervention in Australian manufacturing workplaces was undertaken. DESIGN AND METHODS: Informed by a gap analysis, a multi-site trial was undertaken. Three manufacturing industry companies, located at four separate worksites, with a minimum of 100 employees were recruited through a local industry network...
January 18, 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349504/oral-bacterial-colonization-on-dental-implants-restored-with-titanium-or-zirconia-abutments-6-month-follow-up
#4
Alice Ramos de Freitas, Thalisson Saymo de Oliveira Silva, Ricardo Faria Ribeiro, Rubens Ferreira de Albuquerque Junior, Vinícius Pedrazzi, Cássio do Nascimento
OBJECTIVE: This investigation aimed to characterize in a 6-month follow-up the microbial profile of implants restored with either titanium or zirconia abutments at the genus or higher taxonomic levels. METHODS: Twenty healthy individuals indicative for implant-retained single restorations were investigated. Half of participants were restored with titanium and half with zirconia abutments. Biofilm was collected from the implant-related sites after 1, 3, and 6 months of loading...
January 18, 2018: Clinical Oral Investigations
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29347928/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-guidelines-in-europe-a-look-into-the-future
#5
REVIEW
Marc Miravitlles, Nicolas Roche, João Cardoso, David Halpin, Zaurbek Aisanov, Hannu Kankaanranta, Vladimir Kobližek, Paweł Śliwiński, Leif Bjermer, Michael Tamm, Francesco Blasi, Claus F Vogelmeier
Clinical practice guidelines are ubiquitous and are developed to provide recommendations for the management of many diseases, including chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. The development of these guidelines is burdensome, demanding a significant investment of time and money. In Europe, the majority of countries develop their own national guidelines, despite the potential for overlap or duplication of effort. A concerted effort and consolidation of resources between countries may alleviate the resource-intensity of maintaining individual national guidelines...
January 18, 2018: Respiratory Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346548/impact-of-the-euro-2016-football-cup-on-emergency-department-visits-related-to-alcohol-and-injury
#6
G N Noel, A R Roch, P M Michelet, L B Boiron, S G Gentile, G V Viudes
In Marseille, the 2016 EURO football cup days were independently associated with a 43% increase in alcohol-related visits in the Emergency Department (ED). Patients admitted for alcohol consumption were younger (41 vs. 46.6;P < 0.001), more often male (82.8% vs. 60.1%; P < 0.001) and more often admitted as inpatients (24.0% vs. 16.5%; P = 0.03) than those admitted for injury. Unlike reported in previous studies, injury-related visits did not increase. This could be explained by coding practice variability between EDs (alcohol or injury)...
January 15, 2018: European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29346431/sensitivity-and-specificity-of-two-dried-blood-spot-methods-for-hiv-1-viral-load-monitoring-among-patients-in-hanoi-vietnam
#7
Todd M Pollack, Hao T Duong, Phuong T Truong, Thuy T Pham, Cuong D Do, Donn Colby
The use of dried blood spot (DBS) specimens for HIV viral load (VL) monitoring is recommended to support the roll-out of routine VL monitoring in low and middle income countries (LMICs). To better understand the use of DBS for VL monitoring, we evaluated two DBS testing methods, Roche TaqMan® Free Virus Evolution protocol (DBS-FVE) and Roche TaqMan® SPEX protocol (DBS-SPEX)) in patients receiving ART at an HIV clinic in Hanoi, Vietnam. Sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value (PPV), and negative predictive value (NPV) were calculated for each DBS testing method at the thresholds of 1000 and 5000 copies/ml compared to plasma VL...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345083/brief-workshops-to-teach-drug-and-alcohol-first-aid-a-pilot-evaluation-study
#8
Victoria R Kostadinov, Ann M Roche, Alice McEntee, Julaine M Allan, Nicholas R Meumann, Lara L McLaughlin
INTRODUCTION AND AIMS: Health and community service workers frequently encounter people with alcohol and other drug (AOD) problems in the course of their work, yet few have had training on how to respond effectively. A Drug and Alcohol First Aid workshop was developed by Lyndon, a non-government organisation treatment provider, and delivered to community and health sector workers and the general public. It presented evidence-based information regarding AOD use and harm reduction and treatment options...
January 2018: Drug and Alcohol Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29341699/emission-of-nonclassical-radiation-by-inelastic-cooper-pair-tunneling
#9
M Westig, B Kubala, O Parlavecchio, Y Mukharsky, C Altimiras, P Joyez, D Vion, P Roche, D Esteve, M Hofheinz, M Trif, P Simon, J Ankerhold, F Portier
We show that a properly dc-biased Josephson junction in series with two microwave resonators of different frequencies emits photon pairs in the resonators. By measuring auto- and intercorrelations of the power leaking out of the resonators, we demonstrate two-mode amplitude squeezing below the classical limit. This nonclassical microwave light emission is found to be in quantitative agreement with our theoretical predictions, up to an emission rate of 2 billion photon pairs per second.
September 29, 2017: Physical Review Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29337729/evaluation-of-almitrine-infusion-during-veno-venous-extracorporeal-membrane-oxygenation-for-severe-acute-respiratory-distress-syndrome-in-adults
#10
Pierre Esnault, Sami Hraiech, Julien Bordes, Jean-Marie Forel, Mélanie Adda, Romain Rambaud, Samuel Lehingue, Antoine Roch, Laurent Papazian, Christophe Guervilly
This single-center case series investigated the effect of almitrine infusion on PaO2/fraction of inspired oxygen (FIO2) in 25 patients on veno-venous extracorporeal membrane oxygenation for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome. A positive trial was defined as an increase of PaO2/FIO2 ratio ≥20%. Thirty-two trials were performed. Twenty (62.5%, 95% confidence interval, 37.5%-75%) trials in 18 patients were positive, with a median PaO2/FIO2 ratio increase of 35% (25%-43%). A focal acute respiratory distress syndrome and inhaled nitric oxide therapy were more frequent in patients with a positive response to almitrine...
January 15, 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336775/neural-correlates-of-emotional-action-control-in-anger-prone-women-with-borderline-personality-disorder
#11
Katja Bertsch, Karin Roelofs, Paul Jonathan Roch, Bo Ma, Saskia Hensel, Sabine C Herpertz, Inge Volman
BACKGROUND: Difficulty in controlling emotional impulses is a crucial component of borderline personality disorder (BPD) that often leads to destructive, impulsive behaviours against others. In line with recent findings in aggressive individuals, deficits in prefrontal amygdala coupling during emotional action control may account for these symptoms. METHODS: To study the neurobiological correlates of altered emotional action control in individuals with BPD, we asked medication-free, anger-prone, female patients with BPD and age- and intelligence-matched healthy women to take part in an approach-avoidance task while lying in an MRI scanner...
January 12, 2018: Journal of Psychiatry & Neuroscience: JPN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29336188/establishment-of-reference-interval-for-the-tumour-marker-serum-cyfra-21-1-in-healthy-chinese-han-ethnic-adults
#12
Bing Zhao, Miaomiao Zhang, Donghong Liu, Yingpeng Ren, Jing Xie, Yan Liang, Zaixing Yang
BACKGROUND: Our aim was to establish the reference interval (RI) for serum CYFRA 21-1 in healthy Chinese Han ethnic adults, since there has been no report about it. METHODS: After screening, 9954 healthy Chinese Han adults (age range 18-95 years) were recruited, including 6639 (66.7%) males and 3315 (33.3%) females. Electrochemiluminescence immunoassay was used to measure serum CYFRA21-1. The RI was defined by nonparametric 95% percentile interval. RESULTS: The distribution for serum CYFRA21-1 level was non-Gaussian...
January 16, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335141/31-prise-en-charge-d%C3%A2-une-fibromyalgie
#13
Albane de Thézy, Soline de la Roche, Alexia Boutard, Tristan Cudennec
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 2018: Soins. Gérontologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334939/choosing-a-career-in-oncology-results-of-a-nationwide-cross-sectional-study
#14
J C Faivre, J E Bibault, A Bellesoeur, J Salleron, M Wack, J Biau, M Cervellera, G Janoray, T Leroy, N Lescut, V Martin, S Molina, B Pichon, C Teyssier, S Thureau, J J Mazeron, H Roché, S Culine
BACKGROUND: Little information is currently available concerning young medical students desire to pursue a career in oncology, or their career expectations. METHODS: This project is a cross-sectional epidemiological study. A voluntary and anonymous questionnaire was distributed to all young oncologists studying in France between the 2nd of October 2013 and the 23rd of February 2014. RESULTS: The overall response rate was 75.6%. A total of 505 young oncologists completed the questionnaire...
January 15, 2018: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333150/evaluation-of-the-correlation-coefficient-of-polyethylene-glycol-treated-and-direct-prolactin-results-and-comparability-with-different-assay-system-results
#15
Shyamali Pal
The presence of Macro prolactin is a significant cause of elevated prolactin resulting in misdiagnosis in all automated systems. Poly ethylene glycol (PEG) pretreatment is the preventive process but such process includes the probability of loss of a fraction of bioactive prolactin. Surprisingly, PEG treated EQAS & IQAS samples in Cobas e 411 are found out to be correlating with direct results of at least 3 immunoassay systems and treated and untreated Cobas e 411 results are comparable by a correlation coefficient...
December 2017: EJIFCC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331310/blood-eosinophil-counts-as-a-guide-for-copd-treatment-strategies
#16
Nicolas Roche, Maeva Zysman, Pierre-Régis Burgel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 10, 2018: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331046/prevalence-severity-and-risk-factors-for-acute-exacerbations-of-nasal-and-sinus-symptoms-by-chronic-rhinosinusitis-status
#17
Jordan R Kuiper, Annemarie G Hirsch, Karen Bandeen-Roche, Agnes S Sundaresan, Bruce K Tan, Robert P Schleimer, Robert C Kern, Walter F Stewart, Brian S Schwartz
BACKGROUND: Nasal and sinus symptoms (NSS) are common to many health conditions, including chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Few studies have investigated the occurrence and severity of, and risk factors for, acute exacerbations of NSS (AENSS) by CRS status (current, past, or never met European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis [EPOS] criteria for CRS). METHODS: Four seasonal questionnaires were mailed to a stratified random sample of Geisinger primary care patients...
January 13, 2018: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330974/nucleic-acid-amplification-test-for-detection-of-west-nile-virus-infection-in-pakistani-blood-donors
#18
Saifullah Khan Niazi, Maqbool Alam, Muhammad Sajid Yazdani, Eijaz Ghani, Muhammad Ali Rathore
BACKGROUND: The study was planned to determine the presence of West Nile Virus (WNV) infection in Pakistani blood donors, using Nucleic Acid Amplification Test (NAT). METHODS: The blood donors for study were selected on the basis of the standard questionnaire and routine screening results. Six donors were pooled using an automated pipettor and NAT for WNV was performed on Roche Cobas s 201 NAT system. The reactive pools were resolved in Individual Donation-NAT (ID-NAT) format and a sample from FFP bags of reactive donations was retrieved...
October 2017: Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad: JAMC
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29330683/cardiac-function-during-weaning-failure-the-role-of-diastolic-dysfunction
#19
Ferran Roche-Campo, Alexandre Bedet, Emmanuel Vivier, Laurent Brochard, Armand Mekontso Dessap
BACKGROUND: Cardiac dysfunction is a common cause of weaning failure. Weaning shares some similarities with a cardiac stress test and may challenge active phases of the cardiac cycle-like ventricular contractility and relaxation. This study aimed at assessing systolic and diastolic function during the weaning process and scrutinizing their dynamics during weaning trials. METHODS: Echocardiography was performed during baseline ventilator settings to assess cardiac function at the initiation of the weaning process and at the start and the end of consecutive weaning trials (performed at day-1, day-2, and before extubation if applicable) to explore the evolution of left ventricle contractility and relaxation in a subset of patients...
January 9, 2018: Annals of Intensive Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329754/comparison-of-cepheid%C3%A2-xpert-flu-and-roche-realtime-ready-influenza-a-h1n1-detection-set-for-detection-of-influenza-a-h1n1
#20
Ali A Rabaan, Ali M Bazzi, Sana A Alshaikh
OBJECTIVE: To compare two influenza polymerase chain reaction (PCR) methods. METHODS: A total of 749 suspected MERS-CoV patients presenting at Johns Hopkins Aramco Healthcare, Saudi Arabia, each submitted a clinical sample for influenza A reflex testing using the on-site Cepheid® Xpert Flu assay and at the Ministry of Health laboratory by the Roche PCR assay. RESULTS: There was 92.12% overall agreement between the two methods. Specificity of the Cepheid® Xpert Flu was 95...
December 16, 2017: Diagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
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